Skip to main content

Full text of "Soldiers' and citizens' album of biographical record [of Wisconsin] containing personal sketches of army men and citizens prominent in loyalty to the Union"

See other formats




,i'l<i'i<'iuri'<. '■ T'li, 



.':|i^=^:!i:^ 



|i.i.!:l.;,.'li;t'. ' , 

:;i:;y.-».| li ■.; ' 

,i;:iii;!'i':;.;:;;,v! '...;,■■ ^ 

iMi i.ii I ' i . ;•' ' . I 

v..;i:|i ;„,;:';',• ■.'.■^v,,' 

Fl'i:''!';',;"; ;';:'•'■ 






V.rl" 



fc'ifeli;i^;M*^ 



1 ; 



,.1?iji': •'■ ,1'. ■ 






|{l;'Ut<l(-.ii,,. 



< l' I ilJ'SIl" .',■.." 




Chs.^ FvS&Q 



Boole.. 



^5^ 



COFVRIGIIT DEPOSm 



'>- 







QrtA>A.<jJh.<x,'yyi. ac^^i^c-o^C-;, 



$Q1jD1EI^S> ^ ClTiZ& Ji 5 ' 




BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



\XJ A 



AAii&w.a>^x^ n 



Containing Personal Sketches of 




"fylM-V 



'Sl ) .-^ % 



% 



\> 



I . I m 'v/ 



jhillA 



Prominent in Loyalty to the Union, 



A CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR, 



A HISTORY OF THE GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC, 



SnilTH PORTRAITS OF^ SOLDISRS KND PROTUVlNeiST CITIZeiSS. 




ClIICAGOTnTTTNOIS. 

GUAND AiniY PuBLISIIINCi CoMl'ANY. 

1S8S. 






CDPYRIEHTEn 

BY 

jj H, D. HRDWN flWn M, R. W. BROWN, 

IBBB, 



Jiivtnifh PviuiiiKj Co., Milwiuikfc. 



-a 



The Wisconsin ITolunteer Soldiers 

WHD ENLISTED TD DEFENn THE FLAG- 

AND 

TD PRESERyE THE UNION 

AND TD THE 

MEMDRIES DF THDSE WHLI HRME BEEN 

" Mustered Dut" 

THIS WORK IB DEDICATED, 




jaiaituitaiiiiiiiacEiEiEieQifLiuccBiBtJUDaQyQGBGBBa^Qiaay 



,^3a ^iMrmi. ^TM?»\ '-nr^ ^ 




fe 



'raccEECci:cr.irr.r:irjr.r.r-rcriF]CEEECHEncBinanj:i3ii3,''i\'' 

^) N presenting the Hrst volume of the Soldiers' and Citizens' Album of Biographical Record, the 
! publishers can conscientiously state that it has been a labor of love. Within a few years a 
^ Hood of war literature has been sent forth, but, singularly, one important feature has been 
wliolly omitted. Battles and officers, campaigns and expeditions and other matters pertinent almost 
to the history of the Great Struggle have been treated with apparent justice, but the personal ex- 
perience of the men who carried the muskets have been almost entirely ignored. On the count- 
less pages which constitute the history of the Civil War, the names of the volunteer soldiers 
make no appearance. 

The central purpose of this work is to supply the omission referred to. The greatest care 
has been takeii in collecting the data from which these biographical narrations have been jire- 
pared, and, in their aggregate, may be read a complete history of the war from the standpoint of 
Wisconsin soldiers. It is a source of unqualified satisfaction to those who have labored to place 
the volunteer soldiers of Wisconsin on permanent record in their true relations to the history of 
the Civil War, that they have met with such hearty cooperation and support from those most 
interested. When the historian of the future shall compile an unbiased account of the greatest 
struggle in any era in the history of the world, the best material will be found in this series. In 
their preparation, the compilers have felt with Schiller — " oh, that the histories of men miglit be 
told by iiigher beings." The most insignificant, who responded to his country's call, was as 
though he had been touched by Ithuriel's spear. The hand which has traced these short histo- 
ries of men's patriotism and endurance and sufferings has often faltered and stopped, in view of the 
Spirit which achieved such results. Words have often been found inadequate and, even the 
honest purpose to delineate justly and truly the acts of the American volunteer soldier, has 
questioned its capacity to compass so solemn and responsible a work. In the coming days, the 
deeds which grace the pages of classic literature and challenge the admiration of the student of 
historj' will fade into nothingness in the luster of these annals. The Spirit of the American vol- 
unteer soldier is a bulwark against which, neither internal nor external foe can successful!)' 
strive. 

The chronological and statistical history has been compiled with great care and labt)r. It 
is believed that it presents a more complete and accurate list of dates and localities than any 
other single conq)ilation. That it is wholly free from error is not claimed ; that it is a])proxi- 
niately so is certain. In some instances authorities have been found to differ and there are other 
obvious causes which have rendered it almost impossible to obtain positively accurate dates and 
statistics. 

But the work has been ji(,Mformed conscientiously and no trouble or expense have been 
spared to render it complete. Tlie thanks of the Grand Army Publishing Company are due to 

countless sources of information. 

GRAND ARMY PUBLISHING CO. 



CHRONOLOGICAL^ 



AND STATISTICAL 



MistoRy of the ©ivil War. 



-»-^»^;^^<=;^ 



In this compilation ol dates and localities of the Civil War, all matter has been gathered from the most 

reliable sources Battles, Skirmishes, Raids, Expeditions, Engagements of every description in 

which the two elements of the factional struggle encountered each other are included. 

Those who participated in them will be gratified to find on record for the 

first time, many an action heretofore omitted from other records. 



1859. Oct. 1(3.— Joliu Brown, with 16 white 
men and five negroes took possession of the 
United States arsenal at Harper's Ferry, ^"a., 
capturing about 60 citizens and killing several. 

Oct. 17. — Col. Robert E. Lee (afterwards 
Commander-in-Chief of the rebel army) with 
the assistance of United States marines, made 
Brown and the survivors of his party prisoners 
of the State of Virginia. 

Oct. 27. — Beginning of the trial of .John 
Brown. 

Dec. 2. — John Brown hung at Charlestown 
^'a. 

1800. Nov. 6. — Abraham Lincoln elected 
President. 

Dec. 3. — President Buchanan issued a mes- 
sage, affirming the right of a State to secede 
forcibly in a revolutionary manner, and denied 
the right of the Government to prevent by 
force. 

Dec. 20. — South Carolina seceded; soon after, 
senators and Federal officers from that state 
resigned ajul United States property was seized. 



Dec. 26.— Major Robert Anderson, witii HI 
.soldiers, removed from Fort Moultrie to Fort 
Sumter in Charleston harbor to secure a 
stronger position. 

1861. .Jax. 8.— The Star of the West, on 
her way to reinforce Fort Sumter, was fired on 
from a battery on Morris Island. — Mississippi 
seceded. 

Jan. 11. — Florida and Alabama seceded. 

•Jan. id. — Georgia seceded. 

.Jan. 26. — Louisiana seceded. — " If any man 
attempts to haul down the American flag, shoot 
him on the spot." (Dispatch of .John A. Dix, 
Secretary of tlie Treasury, to his agent at New 
Orleans.) 

Feu. 1. — Texas seceded. 

Feb. 4. — Peace Congress at Washington. — 
Convention of seceded states at Montgomery, 
Ala. 

Fed. 9. — Soutiiern confederacy organized, 
with .Jefferson Davis and Alexander H. Ste- 
pliens as President and N'iie- President. The 



8 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATIaTiCAL 



constitution tvdopteJ favored slavery and pro- 
liibited tariffs. 

Feb. LS. — General Twiggs sun-endered U. S. 
property to the rebels in Texas. 

M.iiK II 4. — Abraham Lincoln inaugurated 
President. — Confederate Mag, composed of three 
iiorizontal bars, the outer ones red and midiUe 
one white with blue union and bearing a circle 
of nine stars, adopted. 

April 12. — The war of the rebellion was in- 
augurated by the bombardment of Fort Sum- 
ter, which began about 4:30 a. m., and was 
continued all day and (at intervals) through 
the following night. (The signal gun for the 
assault was tired by a man, named Edmund 
Ivuffin, who asked the privilege, and who com- 
mitted suicide after the war, because he would 
not live under the U. S. Government.) The 
tiring on the fort (which did not respond) was 
from 17 mortars and 30 large guns, mainly 
columbiads. On the following morning — 13th 
— Fort Sumter began to return the tire at about 
7:30 o'clock, Captain Doubleday firing the first 
gun. Soon after, the officers' quarters took fire 
and, jjefore noon, the flames had enveloped 
nearly all the woodwork of the fort; most of 
the powder in the magazines had to be rolled 
out to prevent explosion, and the fort's fire 
was, practically, silenced. Shortly after mid- 
day, the flagstaff was shot away, but the flag 
was nailed to the fragment of the standard 
remaining, and displayed from the ramparts. 
A flag of truce was sent to the fort by the 
assailants, and terms of capitulation were 
agreed on. At 12:55 p. m., the fire-conse- 
crated standard was lowered amid a salute of 
50 guns, and the garrison marched out 
with the honors of war. They were permitted 
to take their private property, their arms and 
their flag. No one was injured within the fort ; 
no loss of life occurred among the rebels and 
only five were reporte<l as having been injured. 



The evacuation was not completed until two 
o'clock on Sunday, April 14th, and, on the .same 
day. Major Anderson and his men, .sailed for 
New York. 

Ai'iUL 15. — President Lincoln issued a ])ro- 
clanuition calling for 75,000 volunteers and 
ordering those who had combined for purposes 
of rebellion to disjiersc and return to their 
homes within twenty days, and also convened 
an extra session of Congress to assemble July 
Fourth. On the following day, replies were 
received from Governors Magoffin of Kentucky, 
Jackson of Missouri, Harris of Tennessee and 
Letcher of Virginia, peremptoril)^ refusing to 
furnish troops for the service under the pro- 
clamation. 

April 17. — The first regiment from Ihe 
North — the Massaciiusetts (ith — started for 
Washington. — An ordinance of secession was 
adopted in Virginia in a secret session of the 
assembly to take eff'ect on its ratification l)y 
popular vote ; and Letcher, the Governor, 
issued a proclamation, recognizing the confed- 
eracy. 

April 18. — The arsenal at PLarper's Ferry 
was burned by the United States forces under 
Lieutenant Jones to prevent its occupation by 
the rebels ; during the conflagration, two sol- 
diers were killed. — The harbor of Norfolk, Xa., 
was obstructed by the sinking of vessels to 
prevent the exit of United States war ves.sels. — 
Pennsylvania volunteers arrived at Washing- 
ton and tlie Massachusetts Oth ]>asscd through 
New York, the Massachusetts 4th at the same 
time reaching the latter city, as did al.so, the 
garrison from Fort Sumter. 

April 10. — The ])assage of the Massachusetts 
6th through Baltimore, resulted in a riot, in 
which the first Union soldiers were killed in the 
war. The city was, practically, in the hands of 
a mul); an escort of i)olice, headed by the 
Mayor, was tendered the troojis and 'was 




IQ^I 



- 9x. d>. ^iu.^U. 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



accepted, but proved powerless. The casual- 
ties were, on the part of the troops two killed 
seven wounded (one mortally ; ) among the 
rioters 13 were killed and many wounded. 
Proclamations were issued by both Governor 
and Mayor with the avowed purpose of quiet- 
ing the disturbance ; in consequence of the 
excitement both officials advised the President 
that no more troops could pass through Balti- 
more without fighting. Luther C. Ladd, Sum- 
mer H. Needham and Addison 0. Whitney 
were the Massachusetts soldiers killed and their 
bodies were sent to Massachusetts by special 
request of Governor .John A. Andrews. — The 
first capture of a vessel was made by the rebels ; 
the steamship. Star of the West was seized 
off Indianola, Texas, and placed in the hands of 
a prize crew. — The President issued a blockade 
proclamation closing the ports from South 
Carolina to I'exas. 

April 20. — The branch mint at Charlotte, 
N. C, was seized by the rebels; also tlie 
arsenal at Liberty, Mo. ; and a number 
of bridges on the North Pennsylvania rail- 
road iji Maryland were burned. — The navy 
yard at Gosport was destroyed to prevent its 
falling into the hands of the rebels and the 
fleet of United States war vessels stationed 
there were scuttled, with the single exception 
of the Cumberland, which was towed out ; the 
names of the destroyed vessels were the Penn- 
sylvania, Delaware, Columbus, Merrimac, Rari- 
tan, Columbia, Germantown, Plymouth and 
United States. 

April 21. — With a view to prevent the 
occurrence of any disturbance of a character 
similar to the Baltimore riot, the Goverment 
took possession of the Philadelphia & Balti- 
more railroad, and 4,000 troops left New York 
for Washington. 

April 22. — The rebels seized the United 
States arsenal at Fayetteville, N. C, and at 



Napoleon, Ark. On the other hand, the Union 
sentiment at the South found expression in 
West Virginia, and at Lexington, Ky. At the 
latter point, a Union mass-meeting was held 
under circumstances of much discouragement, 
and was addressed by Senator John J. Critten- 
den, author of the once famous measure, known 
as the " Crittenden Compromise." In the 
adjoining State of Tennessee, John Bell, for- 
merly a Presidential candidate, declared him- 
self, unequivocally, in favor of the rebellion. 

April 23. — Movements at Elk Ridge, Va. 

April 24. — Fort Smith, Ark., was seized by 
rebel troops, under command of Solon Borland. 
— Governor Magoffin, of Kentucky, convened 
the legislature in extra session, the object of 
the executive call being to consider the advis- 
ability of secession. 

April 25. — The first surrender of United 
States troops occurred at Saluria, Tex., where 
450 regulars, commanded by Major Sibley, 
surrendered to Colonel Van Dorn. — Governor 
Letcher, of Virginia, issued a pi'oclamation, 
declaring Virginia a member of the Southern 
confederacy. — Arming of the first Illinois 
troops at the United States arsenal, at St. 
Louis, Mo. 

April 26. — The Governor of Georgia issued 
a proclamation, prohibiting payment of debts 
due to Northern creditors, dii-ecting the amount 
so owed to be paid into the State treasury. In 
North Carolina, the executive called an extra 
legislative session ; while Governor Burton, of 
Delaware, called for Union volunteers. 

April 27. — A proclamation by the President, 
supplementary to that of April 19th, extended 
the blockade to the ports of North Carolina 
and Virginia. 

April 29. — The Governor of Tennessee con- 
fiscated the bonds and money in the office of 
the United States collector, of Nashville ; and 
the rebel authorities seized the steamships 



10 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATLSTICAL 



Tennessee, Texas, and Hermes at New Orleans. 
— Tlie legislature of Maryland rejected the 
ordinance of secession, the vote in the senate 
being unanimous. 

May 1. — The North Carolina legislature, 
having been convened by proclamation, passed 
the bill for the assembling of a State conven- 
tion to pass upon the question of secession. 

May 2. — The Ellsworth Fire Zouaves and 
the New York 69th arrived in Washington. 

May 3. — Two proclamations were issued ; 
one by President Lincoln, calling for 42,000 
three-years volunteers, 18,000 seamen, and 
directing the addition of eight regiments to the 
regular array; the other was by Governor 
Letcher, of Virginia, calling out the militia to 
defend the state from Northern invasion. 

May 4. — Southern Union sentiment found a 
new voice ; a committee of the Maryland legis- 
lature visited President Lincoln with words 
of sympathy. — An enthusiastic Union meeting 
was held in Preston, W. Xa., and Union dele- 
gates to a border State convention were elected 
in Louisville, Ky., by a majority of 7,000. 

May 5. — The Union forces under General 
Butler, took possession of the Relay House 
between Baltimore and Washington. 

May 6. — Virginia admitted to the Southern 
confederac}'. — The convention in Arkansas 
adopted an ordinance of secession and the 
Kentucky legislature convened in obedience to 
the call of Governor Magoffin. — The passage of 
what was commonly stj'led " The War and Pri- 
vateering Act," was made known by the rebel 
congress. 

May 7. — Ma,jor Anderson was appointed and 
commissioned ])y the President to repair to 
Cincinnati to muster in all volunteers from 
Kentucky and West Virginia. — At a meeting of 
Unionists at Knoxville, Tenn., an attempt to 
raise the National flag resulted in a riot ; and, 
Governor Harris announced the formation of a 



military league between Tennessee and the 
Southern confederacy. 

May 10. — Major General Robert E. Lee was 
placed in command of the rebel forces in Vir- 
ginia. — In St. Louis, (Camp .Jackson,) a brigade 
of Missouri State militia, which had, under 
orders of Governor .Jackson, gone into camp, 
nominally, " for instruction,"' but in reality with 
treasonable intent, and who were under com- 
mand of General Frost, surrendered to the 
United States regulars commanded by General 
Lyon. — Issuance of orders from Washington to 
administer the oath of allegiance to all army 
officers. 

May 11. — An effectual blockade of the port 
of Charleston, S. C, was established. — An en- 
thusiastic meeting was held at Wheeling, W. 
Va., to advocate the division of that State. 

May 13. — Union troops under command of 
General Butler took possession of Federal Hill, 
Va. — A convention composed of delegates from 
35 counties assembled at Wheeling, Va., with 
the avowed purpose of considering the expedi- 
ency of the separation of the west portion of the 
State from the eastern counties. — The English 
Government issued a proclamation on neu- 
trality. 

May 14. — At Baltimore, a schooner, laden 
with arms for the rebels was seized and the 
United States gunboat, Quaker City, captured 
the Argo with a cargo of tobacco, valued at 
$130,000. 

May 15. — The first call for volunteers from 
Maryland under the President's proclamation 
was issued by Governor Hicks. 

May 16. — The fortification of Arlington 
Heights, was ordered by General Scott. — A 
rebel force near Liberty, Mo., was dispersed. 
— The arrest of the traitors at Washing- 
ton was commenced and followed on the suc- 
ceeding day by the arrest of the rebel spies. 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



II 



May 17. — Express packages, destined for 
the South, were stopped at Wasliingtoii ; rebels 
assembled at Potosi, Mo., were dispersed ; and 
a domiciliary search for arms was commenced 
at St. Louis. — On the part of the rebels, Harper's 
Ferry was fortified and the issue of treasury 
notes by the confederate government, as cur- 
rency, was authorized by the rebel congress. 
— The capture off J\ey West, of the yacht 
Winchester, by the Federal war vessel. Crusader 
took place. 

May 18. — Arkansas was formally admitted 
into the Southern confederacy. 

May 19. — An engagement occurred between 
the U. S. steamers and the rebel batteries at 
Sewall's Point on the Potomac. — Two schooners 
carrying rebel troops, were captured near Wasli- 
ington on the same river. 

May 20. — A seizure of telegraphic dispatches 
was made throughout the Nortli by order of 
the general Government. — In North Carolina, 
the ordinance of secession was adopted. — In 
Kentucky, Governor Magoffin issued a pro- 
clamation of neutrality. — Activities at Clarks- 
burg, W. Va. 

May 22. — The fortifications at Ship Island 
were destroyed to prevent their falling into 
rebel hands. — Movement at Clear Springs, Md. 

May 24. — A general movement of troops 
into Virginia occurred. — The rebels evacuated 
Alexandria which was occupied by U. S. 
troops. — On the occasion of the occupation, 
Colonel Ellsworth, while hauling down a 
rebel flag from the Marshall House, was shot 
by the rebel landlord who, in turn, was in- 
stantly killed by private Brownell. Ellsworth 
was buried from the White House at Washing- 
ton. — Negroes became " contraband of war." 

May 25. — A slight skirmish resulted from 
an attack by rebel troops on the 12th New 
York Infantry, along the outposts of the Vir- 
ginia line. 



May 27. — General McDowell assumed com- 
mand of the troops at Washington. — A blockade 
of the mouth of the Mississippi and of tlie port 
of Mobile was commenced. — Exercise by the 
President of the extraordinary power of the 
suspension of the writ ofhabeas corpus occurred 
at Baltuuore. — General Cadwallader refused to 
produce the body of John Merriman in 
obedience to a writ signed by Chief Justice 
Taney, alleging by way of return, that the pris- 
oner was charged with treason, and that he was 
authorizedby the President to suspend the writ 
of habeas corpus in his case. Cadwallader was 
arrested for contempt. — A Border-State conven- 
tion met at Frankfort, Ky. 

May 28. — U. S. vessels blockaded the port of 
Savanah, Ga. 

May 29. — An advance of LT. S. troops towards 
Harper's Ferry was followed by a retreat of 
the rebels towards Martinsburg. — Jetf Davis 
reached Richmond. 

May 30. — A retreat of the rebel forces was 
made from Williamsburg, Md., and Graf- 
ton, Va., tlie latter point being at once occu- 
pied by the 1st Regiment of Virginia under 
Colonel Kelley.— The 14th Ohio, (Colonel Steed- 
man) crossed the Ohio and occupied Parkers- 
burg. — About 200 citizens of Southern Illinois 
left for the South with the avowed purpose of 
joining the rebel army, and four steamers 
carrying rebel troops sailed from New Orleans 
for Fort Smith, Ark. 

May 31. — A bloodless engagement occurred 
at Acquia Creek, Va., between a rebel battery 
and the U. S. gunboat, Freeborn. 

June 1. — A cliarge was made through Fair- 
fax C. H., Va., by fifty-two dragoons of tlie 2nd 
U. S. Cavalry, commanded by Lieutenant 
Tompkins and 2nd Lieutenant Gordon, the reg- 
ulars being accompanied by three officers and 
two privates, of the 5th New York Volunteers ; 
two Union soldiers were killed, and an unascer- 



12 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



tained number of rebels; five prisoners were 
captured. — Activities at Williamsport, Md. 

June 3. — A rebel camp, 2,000 strong, was 
surprised at Phillippi, Va., by Union troops 
under command of Colonel Kelley, of the 
1st Virginia, aided by Colonel Crittenden, 
commanding a force of Indiana volunteers; 
15 rebels were killed and 10 captured ; on the 
Union side two were killed, two reiwrted miss- 
ing and two wounded, among the latter being 
Colonel Kelley.— Death of Senator S. A. Doug- 
las at Chicago. — Movement at latan. Mo. 

June 5. — At Pig Point, Va., tlie "Harriet 
Lane " was fired on by the rebels while she 
was engaged in a reconnoissauce and five of 
her men wounded. — Activities at Newport 
News, Va. 

June 6. — Movements at Ellicott's Mills, Md. 

June S. — An advance made by U. S. troops 
under General Patterson from Chambersburg, 
towards Harper's Ferry. 

June 10. — An attack was made on the rebel 
forces under General Magruder at Big Bethel 
by the Union troops under General Pierce, 
whose command consisted of regiments under 
Colonels Duryee, Townsend and Bendix ; Union 
losses were 14 killed and 45 wounded, among 
the former being Major Winthrop and Lieu- 
tenant -Greble ; the admitted rebel loss m killed 
was 17. 

June 11. — A skirmish occurred at Eomney, 
Va. ; the Union forces under Colonel Wal- 
lace, surprised and routed 500 rebels and lost 
no men. — Tiie West Virginia Convention met 
at Wheeling to consider the expediency of 
forming a separate State. 

June 12. — Movements at Columbus, Ky. 

June 14. — The rebels evacuated and burned 
Harper's Ferry, removing the armory machin- 
ery to Richmond, and burned the railroad 
bridges. 



June 15. — The U. S. brig. Peony, brouglit 
into New York the rebel privateer. Savannah. 
— In Missouri, General Lyon occupied Jeffer- 
son City ; the rebel General, Price, retreated to 
Booneville. 

June 16. — A skirmish occurred at Seneca 
Mills, Md., the Union forces being commanded 
by Major Everett; no losses were reported on 
tlie side of the National troops. Three rebels 
were reported killed. 

June 17. — A battle occurred at Booneville, 
Mo., between the Union forces commanded by 
General Lyon and the rebels under Sterling 
Price ; the latter were routed, losing 50 men ; 
the reported LTnion loss was two killed and 
eight wounded. — A column of U. S. troops, 
under General Patterson, crossed the Potomac 
at Williamsport, Md. — At Vienna, Va., a train 
transporting Union soldiers, including the 1st 
Ohio under Colonel McCook, was fired upon 
by rebels ; eight soldiers were killed ; the fire 
was returned, resulting in an estimated loss 
of six. — The West Virginia Convention at 
Wheeling unanimously voted its independence 
of the rebellious action of the State. 

June 18. — At Camp Cole, Mo., a company 
of Home Guards was attacked and 52 killed. 
— Skirmish at Edwards Ferry, Va., in which 
300 of the 1st Pennsylvania Infantry engaged. 
— Skirmish at Independence, Mo., the State 
troops being involved. — The local militia resist 
the rebels at New Creek, W. Va. — Activities at 
Conrad's Ferry, Md. 

June 19. — Piedmont, Va., was occupied by 
the rebels. — At Liberty, Mo., rebels were cap- 
tured by a detachment of troops connected with 
General Lyons' command. — Movements at New 
Creek, W. Va. 

June 20. — Frank H. Pierpont was elected 
governor of West ^^irginia at Wheeling in the 
convention, and Major-General McClellan 
assunaed command of the Union forces in that 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



13 



section of the State. — Disturbances at Clarks- 
ville, W. Va. 

.June 21. — Aconvenlion of loj^alists of East- 
ern Tennessee assembled at Greenville. 

•June 22. — Inauguration of balloon recon- 
noissances. 

June 24. — The popular vote of Tennessee 
having ratified the ordinance of secession, Gov- 
ernor Harris issued a proclamation declaring 
the State out of the Union. — Activities at Car- 
ters Creek, Lynn Haven, Kansas and on the 
Rappahannock River in Virginia. 

June 26. — A skirmish occurred at Patter- 
son's Creek, Va., between parts of Colonel 
Wallace's command and rebel cavahy. One 
Union and 17 rebel soldiers were i-eported 
killed. — The Wiieeling government was recog- 
nized by the President as the lawful govern- 
ment of Virginia. — Movement of the rebels in 
the vicinity of Frankfort, Mo. 

June 27. — An engagement took place between 
the gunboat Freeborn and the rebel batteries 
at Matthias Point, in which Captain Ward, of 
the navy, was killed. — J. C. Fremont returned 
from Europe, and U. S. Marshal Kane was 
arrested at Baltimore for treason. 

June 28. — The steamer St. Nicholas was 
captured in tlie Potomac by rebels. — -Move- 
ments of rebels at Cumberland Fort and Point 
Lookout, Md. 

June 29. — Activities at Falls Church, Va., 
and at Bownes, Md. 

Jui.Y 1. — The rebel privateers, Sumter and 
Petrel, escaped the blockading squadrons ; the 
fornrer from the mouth of the Mississippi and 
the latter from Charleston harbor. — In an 
engagement at Buckhannon, Va., the rebels 
lost 23 killed and 200 prisoners. — Military 
movements at Farmington, Mo. — .John C. 
Fremont was commissioned Major General in 
the regular army and ranked next to Mc- 
Clellan. 



July 2. — In an engagement at Martinsburg, 
Va., the Union forces, including the 1st Wis- 
consin and 11th Pennsylvania Infantry 
under General Patterson, routed the rebels 
under General Johnson ; three Union soldiers 
were killed and 10 wounded ; 30 rebels were 
reported killed and wounded and 20. were 
made prisoners ; this action is commonly 
known as Falling Waters. — -A new West \^ir- 
ginia Legislature was organized at Wheeling. 

July 3. — A company of 94 rebels was cap- 
ured at Neosho, Mo. — The Governor of Arkan- 
sas called out 10,000 men "to repel invasion." 

July 4. — In a skirmish between the 9th New 
York and the rebels near Harper's Ferry, the 
Union loss was two killed and three wounded. 
— The Louisville & Nashville railroad was 
seized by tlie rebels. — Congress assembled at 
Washington, only six Senators and five Repre- 
sentatives of the opposition members being 
present. 

July 5. — In a battle at Carthage, Mo., in 
which the opposing commanders were Sigel, 
and Price and .Jackson, the loss of the former 
was 13 killed and 31 wounded; the rebels 
lost 250 killed and wounded. — At Newport 
News a company of the 9th New York engaged 
in a skirmish. 

July 6. — In an action at Middle Fork Bridge, 
Va., 45 men of the Ohio 3d cut their way 
through an ambuscade of about 300 rebels. 

July 7. — An action which was reported a 
drawn battle occurred at Brier Forks, Mo. 
— An infernal machine was found in the Poto- 
mac River. — The 8th New York engaged in an 
action at Great Falls, Ya,. 

July 8 — At Bealington, W. Va., the rebels 
were defeated with a loss of 20 killed and 40 
wounded, the Union loss being two. killed and 
six wounded. 

July 9. — Fremont was appointed to the 
command of the Department of the West. 



14 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



July 10. — In a battle at Laurel Hill, Va., 
in which the Union troops were under Colonels 
McCook and Andrews and the rebels under 
Colonel Pegram, the latter were routed and the 
Union loss was one killed and three wounded. 
— In a sharp skirmish near Monroe Station, Mo., 
Colonel Smith defeated the rebel Harris, and 
took a number of prisoners. 

July 11. — General Rosecrans, with the 8th, 
10th and 13th Indiana and the 19th Ohio 
defeated Pegram's force at Rich Mountain, 
Va., capturing the camp equipage, several 
cannon and a number of prisoners, and killing 
over 100 men ; the Union loss was 11 killed 
and 35 wounded. 

July 12. — Pegram surrendered to McClellan 
with about GOO men, and the Union troops 
occupied Beverly, Yn. — A rebel defeat occured 
at Barbersville, W. Yn. 

July 13. — A battle occurred at Carrick's 
Ford, W. Va., the Union force being under 
command of General Morris, and the 
rebels under General Garrett; the latter was 
utterly routed with great loss, and the leader 
killed ; the Union loss did not exceed 50 in 
killed and wounded, and the action extinguished 
rebel power in West Va. — Union troops occupied 
Fairfax C. H., Va. " 

July 15. — In a skirmish at Bunker Hill, 
A'^a., the rebels were routed- — Movements at 
Martinsburg, Ya. 

July 16. — The rebels were routed in a skir- 
mish at Melville, Mo., after firing into a 
train. — Tighlman, a negro, brought the rebel 
schooner Warring into the port of New York, 
after killing three of the rebel prize crew. 

July 17- — At Scarrytown, Va., an action 
resulted disastrously to the Union force, who 
lost nine men killed and 38 wounded, besides 
nine missing. — In a skirmish at Fulton, Mo., 
the rebels under Harris were driven back 
by Colonel McNeil's troojjs, the loss to the 



latter being heavy, and including 200 pris- 
oners. — A skirmish took place at Martins- 
burg, Mo., and military movements occurred 
near Fairfax Church, Va. 

July 18. — In an engagement which occurred 
at Harrisonville, Mo., the Union force under 
Major Van Horn defeated the rebels and 
lost one man ; the rebel loss was about 20. 
— Battle of Blackburn's Ford. In a reconnois- 
sance under General Tyler, three hours' hard 
fighting took place ; General Beauregard drove 
the former back to Centreville, with a loss of 
19 killed, 38 wounded and 26 missing; the 
official report fixed the rebel loss at 15 killed 
and 50 wounded. 

July 19. — General Patterson was superseded 
by General Banks in command on the Poto- 
mac. — Movement at Newmarket, Va. 

July 21.— Battle of Bull Run. 18,000 Union 
troops under General McDowell attacked 27,000 
rebels under Johnston, Lee and Beauregard, 
the division commanders uf the Union force 
being Heintzelman, Tyler and Hunter. After 
a hot contest of 10 hours, at a moment when 
victory seemed certain to the I^nion force, the 
latter was seized with a panic, and retreated 
toward Washington in disorder. The official 
Union loss was 479 killed, 1,011 wounded and 
700 prisoners ; the official reported rebel loss 
was 393 killed and 1,200 wounded, and the 
rebel captures included 26 pieces of artillery, 
5,000 small arms and a great amount of bag- 
gage. — Military activities at Winchester, Va. 

July 22. — (General McClellan was placed in 
command of the army of tlie Potomac. — At 
Forsythe, Mo., General Sweeney worsted a 
rebel command. — Skirmish at Etna, Mo. — 
General disorganization of the army of the 
Potomac, the three months men returning 
home in great numbers. 

July 24.— At Blue Mills, Mo., the State 
troops engaged in a slight action. 



HISTORY OP THE CIVIL WAR. 



15 



July 25. — Military movement at Charles- 
town, Va. 

July 26. — Missouri troops engaged in a 
skirmish at Lane's Prairie. — The infantry and 
cavalry, Missouri troops, engaged in an action 
at Harrisonville. 

July 27. — At Fort Fillmore, Major Lynde 
surrendered 750 soldiers to 250 Texans. 

Aug. 1. — McCIellan began the re-organiza- 
tion of the army. — The rebels fell back from 
Harper's Ferry to Leesburg. — The privateer 
Petrel was sunk by the .St. Lawrence, her crew 
being captured. 

Aug. 2. — Congress passed a bill authorizing 
the raising of 500,000 men. — At Dug Creek, 
Mo., General Lyon defeated the rebels under 
Ben McCuUoch, inflicting a loss of 40 killed 
and 44 wounded ; the Union loss was eight 
killed and 30 wounded. — At Pokonoke Sound, 
N. C, rebel vessels and stoi'es were sunk. 

Aug. 3. — The U. S. troops established a 
military capital at Messilla, N. M. 

Aug. 5. — The U. S. blockading steamer 
Dart bombarded Galveston, Texas, against 
the protest of foreign consuls. — In an engage- 
ment at Athens, Mo., the rebels were defeated 
with unknown loss ; the Union loss was 
three killed and eight wounded. — At Point 
of Rocks, N. C, two rebels were captured in a 
skirmish, seven prisoners were taken and 20 
equipped horses captured. — General Lyon 
reached Springfield, Mo. 

Aug. 7. — Hampton, Va., was burned by com- 
mand of Magruder. — The privateer York was 
burned by the gunboat Union. 

Aug. 8. — The rebels were driven out of Lov- 
ettsville, Va. 

Aug. 9. — A rebel attack on Potosi, Mo., was 
repulsed. 

Aug. 10.— Battle of Wilson's Creek, Mo. 5,000 
Union troojis under General Lyon attacked 
22,000 rebel troops under McCuUoch. General 



Lyon commanded one of his columns and 
Colonel Sigel the other ; the latter was driven 
back and General Lyon was killed. The rebel 
force withdrew and the Union loss was 223 
killed, 731 wounded and 202 missing ; the re- 
ported rebel loss was 421 killed, 1,317 wounded 
and three missing. 

Aug. 13. — Grafton, Va., was occupied by 
the Union troops under Captain Dayton, 4th 
Virginia, without loss, 21 rebels being killed 
and wounded. 

Aug. 14. — A mutiny occurred in the 79th 
New York regiment at Washington ; several 
soldiers were arrested and severely punished, 
the remainder being disgraced and deprived of 
their colors ; the regiment regained its name 
and colors by bravery in action, September 
10th. 

Aug. 15. — 60 men of the 2nd Maine were 
sent to the Dry Tortugas, to work on the fortifi- 
cations as punisliment for mutinous conduct. 

Aug. 16. — Colonel Hooker's regiment of Ill- 
inois troops surprised a rebel camp near Fred- 
ericktown. Mo., capturing prisoners, camp 
equipage, etc. — At St. Genevieve, Mo., the 
United States troops captured $58,000, which 
was taken to St. Louis. — Commercial inter- 
course with the rebel states, interdicted by the 
President. — The passport system was estab- 
lished. 

Aug. 18. — The town of Commerce, Mo., 
having been threatened by rebel batteries, it 
was occupied by Union troops, the rebels re- 
treating without fighting. — Skirmish at Bruns- 
wick, Mo. 

Aug. 19. — At Charlestown, Mo., the I'^nion 
troops, under Colonel Dougherty, and a detach- 
ment of rebels from Jeff Thompson's command, 
engaged in a fight, the former losing one killed 
and six wounded ; 20 rebels were killed and 
wounded, 17 prisoners were captured and a 
number of horses. 



16 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Aug. 20. — At Hawk'.s Nest, Kanawha, Xa., 
a force of rebels, under General Wise, at- 
tacked the barricades of the 8th Ohio, and wei'e 
repulsed. — McClellan assumed personal com- 
mand of the Potomac, and appointed staff offi- 
cers. — General Butler assumed command of 
the forces in the vicinity of Fortress Monroe. — 
At Lookout Station, Md., a skirniisli occurred, 
in which seven soldiers were killed and 
wounded. 

Aug. 21. — An engagement took place at 
Boyd's Point, Virginia, in which forty rebels 
were killed and seventeen taken prisoners ; the 
Union loss was one killed and six wounded. — 
A band of rebels called the Coast Guard, seized 
the light house, and all other government pro- 
pert}' at Key Biscayne, Florida. 

Aug. 26— The 7th Ohio, under Colonel Tay- 
lor, were surprised while at breakfast at Sum- 
mersville, Ya.; the regiment fought their 
way out through four times their number ; 
three captains and other officers were killed, 
but the total numerical loss was slight. — The 
joint military and naval expedition, under Gen- 
eral Butler and Commodore Stringham, left 
Fortress Monroe for the North Carolina coast. — 
Captain, afterwards Commodore Foote, was 
ordered to the command of Western river 
fleets. 

Aug. 27. — A skirmish at Ball's Cross Roads, 
Ga., took place, in which two companies 
of the 23d New York Infantry was engaged. — 
At Wayne C. H., W. Ya., a slight skirmish oc- 
curred. 

Aug. 28. — The bombardment of Forts Hat- 
teras and Clark at the entrance to Pamlico 
Sound, N. C, was commenced by the united 
military forces of General Butler and Com- 
modore Stringham. — On the following day the 
forts surrendered; 7G5 prisoners were taken 
and 30 pieces of cannon; 1,000 stand of arms 
and three rebel trading vessels were captured. 



About 450 Union troops under Major Brocker 
were attacked at Lexington, Mo., liy a large 
force of rebels under Colonel Reed and a sharp 
skirmish ensued, resulting in the repulse of 
the rebels. — In New Mexico some important 
arrests were made, the writ of habeas corpus 
was suspended by Colonel Canby and Fort 
Stanton was abandoned and fired' by U. S. 
troops, under orders from the same officer. 

Aug. 80. — Fort Morgan at Ocracoke Inlet, 
N. C, was abandoned by the rebels. 

Aug. 31. — At Monson's Hill, Ya., a skir- 
mish occurred, in which two Union soldiers 
were killed and two wounded. — The Captain- 
General of Cuba, by proclamation admitted 
rebel vessels into Cuban ports and promised 
them protection. 

Sept. 1. — A fight occurred at Boone Court 
House, W. Ya., in which the rebels were routed 
with a loss of about 30 killed and several 
prisoners were taken ; six Union soldiers were 
wounded, and the city was burned by the 
Union troops. — A skirmish took place near 
Bennetts' Mills, Mo., between the rebels 
and the Union Home Guard. Two of the 
latter were killed and eight wounded, one 
mortally ; the rebel loss was unknown. 

Sept. 2. — Near Fort Scott, 80 mules having 
been captured by 600 rebel raiders under 
General Rains, Colonel Montgomery, of the 
Kansas Yolunteers, gave chase, overtook the 
rebels 11 miles from the fort, and, after a fight 
la.sting two hours, was obliged to retreat. — An 
attack was made by two regiments of U. S. 
troops under Colonel Grossman, on a rebel 
camp at Worthington, "\''a., but being out- 
numbered, was obliged to retire, losing two 
men. — In the port of New York, Surveyor 
Andrews seized 26 vessels belonging to persons 
in the rebel States ; their aggregate value was 
$2,000,000.— The Secretary of the Treasury 
offered the 7-30 loan and appealed to the people 



HISTORY OF The civil war. 



17 



of the Union to take the bonds. — Tlie rebels 
burned to the water's edge and sunk the U. S. 
floating dock at Pensacola ; the olyect was to 
use the dock to obstruct the channel, but the 
guns of Fort Pickens prevented. — At Dallas, 
Mo., the State troops engaged in a skirmish. — 
The 13th Massachusetts skirmished with rebels 
at Behers' Mills, Va., and four Union soldiers 
were killed and nine wounded. 

Sept. 3. — Several bridges on the line of the 
Hannibal & St. Joseph railroad, having been 
injured by rebels, a passenger train broke 
through one of them; seven non-combatants 
were killed and a large number shockingly 
mangled and otherwise injured. 

Sept. 4. — A rebel force under General Polk 
occupied Columbus, Ky., avowedly to prevent 
the neutrality of the State from being broken. — 
On the Mississippi River, off Hickman, Ky., 
shots were exchanged between U. S. gunboats 
Tyler and Lexington, and the rebel gunboat 
Yankee, the latter being supported by batteries 
on shore. — At Shelbina, Mo., about 1,100 Union 
troops, under Colonel Williams, of Iowa, were 
attacked by about 1,500 rebels, commanded 
by Martin Green ; having no cannon, the 
Union forces were compelled to retire, aban- 
doning a number of horses and a part of their 
camp equipage. — The first capital sentence on 
a Union soldier was pa.ssed upon a Vermont 
private by a court-martial. The offense was 
sleeping on his post; President Lincoln par- 
doned him, and he was afterwards shot in 
battle. — The rebels attempted to cro.ss the 
Potomac at Great Falls, Va., but were repulsed 
with some loss by the sharp-shooters of the 7th 
Regiment of the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps. 
Only one Union soldier was killed. 

Sept. 6. — General Grant, with two regiments 
of cavalry and two of infantry, supported by 
two gunboats, took possession of Paducah, Ky. 



Sept. 7. — Columbus, Ky., was strengthened 
by the rebels under Pillow and Polk, 
whose forces numbered about 7,000 ; Paducah 
was also reinforced by Union troops. — Rebel 
troops under Jeff Thompson occupied the 
Missouri .shore of the Mississippi opposite Col- 
umbus, blockading the river.— At Petersburg, 
Va., three companies of Ohio Volunteers 
engaged in a fight. 

Sept. 9. — General A. Sydney .Johnson was 
assigned to the command of the rebel depart- 
ment of the West, including the Upper Missis- 
sippi River. — Movements at Cape Hatteras, 
N. C. 

Sept 10. — A battle took place at Carnifex 
Ferry, Va., between the rebels under General 
Floyd and a portion of the force of General 
Rosecrans, consisting of the 10th, 12th and 
13th Ohio regiments commanded by Colonels 
Lytle, Lowe and Robert L. McCook. After a 
fierce contest, lasting all day, the Union 
ti'oops slei>t on their arms. During the night, 
Floyd evacuated his position, burning the 
bridge behind him, abandoning his wagons, 
horses, camp fixtures, a supply of ammunition, 
50 head of cattle and all his officers' baggage ; 
25 Union prisoners were recaptured, 15 
Union soldiers were killed and a large 
number wounded ; the rebel loss was unknown. 
— Activities at Summersville, W. ^^a., and 
at Norfolk, Mo. 

Sept. 11. — An advance was made across the 
Potomac at Lewinsville, Va., by several 
detached companies of infantry, two companies 
of cavalry and Griften's battery commanded 
by Colonel I. I. Stevens for purposes of recon- 
noissances ; returning, they were attacked near 
Falls Church by rebel cavalry, under Stuart. 
A sharp skirmish followed, the Union loss 
being reported at six killed and eight wounded ; 
the rebel loss was not ascertained ; one rebel 
cavalry officer was made prisoner. — The Ken- 



18 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



tucky Legislature ordered the rebel troops to 
leave the State. 

Sept. 12. — An engagement occurred at Cheat 
Mountain, Va., in which Colonel John A. 
Washington was killed. He was proprietor of 
Mount Vernon and a rebel. — A rebel camp 
at Petersburg, Va., was attacked and broken 
up by a small force of Union soldiers — 
infantry and cavalry from New Creek, W. 
Y&. ; the camp and its equipage were 
destroyed, a number of rebels were killed and 
wounded and several prisoners were taken, as 
well as horses, arms and ammunition and 
supplies. — At Black River, in Southeastern 
Missouri, a battalion of Indiana cavalry under 
Major Gavitt engaged a rebel force under 
Benjamin Talbott ; the rebels were routed with 
a loss of five killed and four prisoners, besides 
35 horses and a quantity of arms. — In north- 
ern Missouri, the rebel troops under Green 
were scattered by General Pope's command. — 
In reply to an action of the Kentucky legisla- 
ture, the rebel General Buckner, issued a flam- 
ing address to the " Freemen " of Kentucky, 
appealing to them to rally for their own defense 
against Lincoln usurpation. 

Sept. 13. — Union forces under Sturgis occu- 
pied St. Joseph opposite the Kansas border. — 
One thousand rebels under Colonel Brown 
attack the intrenchments of the Home Guards 
at Boonville, Mo., under Captain Epstein and 
were defeated; 12 rebels including Brown, 
were killed and 30 wounded ; one of the gar- 
rison was killed and four wounded. — An all- 
night skirmish occurred at Elk Water, Va. ; 
the attack was made by rebels under Anderson, 
and early in the morning two Union regiments 
cut their way through and dispersed the rebels 
capturing four prisoners. — An artillery skir- 
mish took place near Shepherdstown, Va. — 
Rebel troops advance from Yorktown, Va., 
toward Newport News; the rebel gunboat 



Yorktown ran down the James River to sup- 
port the land forces and after reaching a posi- 
tion within three miles of the Neuse was 
forced to retire under the shells of the Sawyer, 
the land forces also retreating. 

Sept. 14. — The rebel privateer, Judah, was 
cut from under the guns of the batteries of 
Pensacola and burned by a force from the 
U. S. steam frigate, Colorado, under Lieutenant 
Russell ; the Union loss was three killed and 
15 wounded. — Activities near Kansas City, 
Mo. 

Sept. 15.— The pickets of the 28th Penn- 
sylvania, under Colonel Geary, were at- 
tacked by 450 rebels opposite Pritchard's Mills, 
Md., and, after two hours' fighting, were driven 
back with a less of eight or 10, one soldier 
being killed. 

Sept. 16. — Fort Oregon on Ocracoke Inlet, 
N. C, was destroyed by a U. S. iiaval expedi- 
tion from Hatteras Inlet, under Lieutenants 
Maxwell and Eastman. — The rebels evacuated 
Ship Island and the position was occupied by 
Union troops. — Rebel troops under Sterling 
Price laid siege to Lexington, Mo., held by a 
small force of Union soldiers under .James Mul- 
ligan ; the first assault was repulsed with 
severe loss. — In Baltimore important military 
stores were seized by the U. S. Marshal. 

Sept. 17. — The rebels were routed in a skir- 
mish at Morristown, Mo., all their tents and 
supplies, besides 100 horses falling into the 
hands of the Union troops ; the latter lost three 
killed and six wounded, Colonel Johnson was 
slain, pierced by nine bullets ; the rebel loss 
was unknown. — A railroad train, transporting 
a portion of the 19th Illinois, Colonel Turchin, 
was precipitated down an embankment near 
Huron, Ind., by the giving way of a bridge, 
2G being killed and 112 being badly in- 
jured; foul play was suspected. — 4,000 rebels 
under General Atchinson attacked a part of the 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



19 



3d Iowa, under Lieutenant Colonel Scott, en 
route from St. Joseph to Lexington, Mo., at 
Blue Mills' Landing; after a sharp skirmish 
Union re-inforcements arrived and the rebels 
fell back ; but tiieir object in delaying re-in- 
forcements to Colonel Mulligan had been ac- 
complished. 

Sept. 18. — A skirmish occurred between the 
Barboursville Home Guards and tbe rebels un- 
der Zollicoffer without material results. 

Sept. 19. — A slight running fight occurred 
between the Boone Union Guards and the Bit- 
terwater Blues at Bardstown Junction, Ky. — 
Activities at Loudon, Va., and Glasgow, Ky. 

Sept. 10. — The Union troops under Colonel 
Mulligan surrendered at Lexington to an im- 
mensely superior force of rebels under Price 
after 59 hours fighting ; the water supply 
had been entirely cut off. A considerable 
sum in gold fell into the hands of the rebels, 
who captured 1,600 prisoners. The Union loss 
was 39 killed and 120 wounded. — A .skirmish 
occurred below Fort Holt, Ky., and at May- 
field, the rebels evacuated the place. — The 
6th Indiana under Crittenden arrived at Louis- 
ville, being the first Union regiment to enter 
the city for its defense. — A skirmish occurred 
near Seneca Creek, Va., in which one Union 
soldier was killed and several wounded. 

Sept. 21. — At Papinsville, Mo., General Lane's 
command routed a rebel force after a severe 
fight, killing 40 and capturing 100 with all the 
supplies ; the attacking party lost 17 killed 
and 40 wounded. — A detachment of jay- 
hawkers, who had sacked the town of Hum- 
boldt, Kan., were pursued, overtaken and 
defeated by a Union force from Fort Scott; 
their leader was killed and on his person was 
found an order from McCulloch for the enrol- 
ment in the rebel service of the Quawpaw 
Indians. — In Louisville, Ky., General Critten- 
den called out the State militia to resist rebel 



invasion. — Skirmishes took place at Elliot's 
Mills, Mo., in which the 7th Iowa Infantry was 
engaged. 

Sept. 23. — At Mechanicsville Gap, Va., the 
rebels were defeated with a loss of 15 killed 
and 30 wounded, the Union loss being three 
killed and 10 wounded. — The 4th and 8th 
Ohio engaged in a skirmish at Romney, Xa. 

Sept. 24. — The Count de Paris and the Due 
de Chartres, grandsons of Louis Phillippe, were 
appointed on the staff of General McClellan, 
with the rank of captains. — The 28th Penn- 
sylvania, under Geary, drove 500 rebels 
from Point of Rocks after a sharp fight.— A 
rebel cavalry raid was made on Warsaw, Ky., 
and State arms seized ; the Union citizens 
rallied, and in a skirmish one rebel was killed 
and several on both sides were wounded. 
— General Prentiss assumed command of the 
L'nited States forces at St. Joseph, Mo. 

Sept. 25. — At Lewinsville, Va., a Union 
force under Baldy Smith and a force of rebels 
from Falls Church engaged in a skirmish ; 
Griftin's and Mott's batteries replied to the 
assault, and the rebels retired. — Smithland, 
Ky., was occupied by Union troops ; this, 
with the occupation of Paducah, virtually 
blockaded the water connections of Tennessee 
and Kentucky. — A detachment of Woolford's 
Kentucky cavalry captured 17 Kentuckians 
under James B. Clay, while en route to join 
Zollicoffer. — At Chapmansville, W. Va., a 
skirmisli occurred between Colonel Enyard's 
Kentucky volunteers and a party of rebels 
under Colonel W.J. Davis ; the latter were in- 
tercepted by Colonel Pratt's Ohio regiment, and 
47 prisoners taken. The reported LTnion loss 
was four killed and eight wounded ; about 60 
rebels were killed and wounded.— A rebel bat- 
tery made an attack at Freestone, Va. 

Sept. 26. — A sharp skirmish occured at 
Lucas Bend, Ky.; 25 of Stewart's U. S. 



20 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



cavalry engaged about 40 rebel cavalry of 
Jeff Thompson's command ; the entire rebel 
force were killed, wounded and captured, with 
a large quantity of arms. — Cynthiana, Ky., 
was occupied by the Union troops. 

Sept. 27. — 12,000 troops commanded in per- 
son by General Fremont, started from St. 
Louis on an expedition up the Missouri River. 

Sept. 28. — Monson's and Upton's Hills, Va., 
were evacuated by the rebels and occupied by 
the Union troops. 

Sept. 29. — During an advance on a rebel 
work near Munson's Hill, a collision occurred 
between Colonel E. D. Baker's California 
Regiment and the 69th Pennsylvania, each 
mistaking the other for the enemy ; before the 
error was discovered nine men were killed and 
wounded, including three officers. — The occupa- 
tion of Lexington, Mo., was commenced by 
Price's rebel forces. 

Sept. 30. — The rebel works opposite Berlin, 
Md., were shelled by a detachment of Colonel 
Geary's Pennsylvania Regiment and, having 
been evacuated by the rebels, were occupied by 
the Union troops. 

Oct. 1. — A camp of secessionists near Char- 
leston, Mo., was broken up, and about 40 
prisoners taken. — Tlie propellor Fanny was 
captured off Hatteras Inlet, near Chicamocomico, 
N. C, by rebel armed tugs and 30 men of the 
9th New York were taken prisoners. — John 
Ross, a Cherokee chief, advised his people to 
join the Southern Confederacy, 1,000 Creek 
Indians having already attached themselves to 
the rebels. 

Oct. 2. — Colonel McNeil, Assistant Provost 
Marshal of St. Louis, by proclamation notified 
the St. Louis Savings Association that $33,000 
on deposit with them to the credit of the 
Cherokees was forfeited to the United States, 
in consequence of the tribe having united with 
the rebels. — 3,200 United States regulars sta- 



tioned in California, were ordered East. — In a 
fight at (Jhapmansville, Va., 60 rebels were 
killed and 70 taken prisoners. 

Oct. 3. — Evacuation of Lexington, Mo., by 
Price was completed. — A reconnoisance in force 
was made from Cheat Mountain, Va., by Union 
troops under General Reynolds, who encoun- 
tered rebel troops belonging to Lee's command 
under General H. A. Jackson at Greenbrier, Va. 
An hour's skirmish ensued ; the rebels were 
driven from the field, losing about 200 in killed 
and wounded ; 13 rebels were taken prisoners ; 
the reported Union loss was eight killed and 
32 wounded. 

Oct. 4. — At Hatteras, N. C, the rebels under 
Colonel Barlow, surprised the 20tli Indiana and 
the latter had a narrow escape from capture. 
They were shelled from their position on the 
following day by the gunboat Monticello. — 
At Alimosa, N. M., a band of rebel guerrillas 
from Texas were routed by New Mexican volun- 
teers and U. S regulars. — At Buttalo Hill, Ky., 
a sharp skirmish occurred with 20 Union loss 
and a rebel loss of 50. 

Oct. 5. — Four thousand rebels landed at 
Chicamocomico, N. C, and drove tlie Union 
forces, but re-embarked and departed during 
the night, having meanwhile been shelled by 
the United States steamer Monticello. — Militarj' 
movement at Chincoteague Inlet, Va. 

Oct. 6. — In a skirmish at Flemington, Ky., 
the rebels under Colonel Holliday were defeated 
by the Union Home Guards under Lieutenant 
Sadler. 

Oct. 7. — An artillery duel occurred between 
rebel batteries on the Mississippi river and the 
U. S. gunboats Tyler and Lexington, three 
miles above Columbus, Ky. — 57 Union prisoners 
taken at Bull Run were released and returned 
to Fortress Monroe — the first exchange of 
prisoners. 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



21 



Oct. 8. — In advancing the Union lines 
south of the Potomac, a reljel picket guard was 
suri)rised three miles beyond Falls Church, 
Xa. ; three were killed and one taken prisoner. 
— General Robert Anderson having been com- 
pelled by ill-health to relinqui&h his command 
in Kentucky, General W. T. Sherman was 
appointed to succeed him. — The first condem- 
nation of a blockade runner was made in the 
U. S. Admu-alty Court by Judge Ware in the 
case of tlie British schooner, William Arthur. 

Oct. 9. — An attack was made on Wilson's 
Zouaves at Santa Rosa Island, Fla., by 
about 1,500 rebels ; the Zouaves, with aid from 
Fort Pickens, repelled the attack, killing and 
wounding a large number; the Union loss was 
13 killed and 21 wounded. — At Bolivar, Md., 
three companies of the 3d Wisconsin, attacked 
by 1,600 rebels held their position until rein- 
forced. 

Oct. 11. — The rebel privateer Nashville, 
under Lieutenant Pegram, escaped from Char- 
leston harbor, S. C. — 57 prisoners were released 
and exchanged for those already received at 
Fortress Monroe. — At Dumfries, Va., and at 
Quantico, Md., rebel movements occurred. 

Oct. 12. — In the Southwest Pass of the Mis- 
sissippi River, an attempt was made to destroy 
the U. S. blockading fleet by a rebel fleet 
consisting of six gunboats, the ram Manassas 
and a number of fire ships. The U. S. vessels 
escaped the latter by running down stream, 
after which the rebel gunboats and ram 
were driven back; the latter being disabled 
and much injured. — Tlie rebel steamer 
Theodora, ran the blockade of Charleston, 
S. C, having on board Mason and Slidell, ac- 
credited ministers from the quasi Richmond 
government to England and France. — At 
Chelsea, Kan., L^nion troops under P. G. D. 
Morton, captured a train of 21 wagons, 425 
cattle, 28 ponies and 35 rebels, en route for the 



Indian encampment in the rebel lines. — At 
Cameron, Mo., in a skirmish between a small 
force of Union soldiers under Major .James 
and the rebels, the latter were routed ; the 
Union loss was one killed and four wounded ; 
the rebel loss was eight killed and wounded 
and five prisoners. — At Upton Hill, Ky., the 
30th Indiana engaged in a skirmish.— At Baylis' 
Cross Roads, La., the 79th New York engaged 
in an action. — Activities at Winfield, Mo. and 
Hurricane Bridge, Va. 

Oct. 13. — A calvalry skirmish occurred at 
Beckwith's Farm, near Glaize, Mo., Major 
Wright commanding the Union forces, the 
rebels being led by Ca,ptains Lowell and Wright. 
The latter were surprised and routed with a 
loss of 20 killed and 30 prisoners ; the Union 
loss was very small. — Movement at Lebanon, Mo. 

Oct. 14. — Major Wriglit's cavalry captured 
45 rebels under Captain Roberts, at Lynn 
Creek, Mo. — The oath of allegiance was ad- 
ministered to the inhabitants of Chincoteague 
Island, Va. — A large naval force lett New York 
for Virginia. 

Oct. 15. — Jeff Thompson's troops captured 
20 Union soldiers at Potosi, Mo. — Three vessels 
sailed from New York in pursuit of the Nash- 
ville. 

Oct. 16. — At Bolivar, ^"a., 400 men of Colonel 
Geary's 28th Pennsylvania regiment routed the 
rebels after several hours of intermittent fight- 
ing, the Union loss being four killed and eight 
wounded.^A Union force, under Major Gavitt, 
drove Jeff Thompson's troops from Ironton, 
Mo., and occupied the town, thereby obtaining 
possession of an important strategic point ; 11 
Union soldiers were killed, and the rebel loss 
was three times as great.— Major White's cav- 
alry re-captured and occupied Lexington, Mo., 
surprising the rebel garrison, who escaped.— A 
skirmish occurred at Warsaw, Mo, 



22 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Oct. 18. — The rebels were repulsed in an 
attack on Harper's Ferry, Va. 

Oct. 19. — At Big Hurricane Creek, Mo., a 
Union force, under Colonel Morgan, defeated 
the rebels, losing 14 and killing 14, capturing 
eight prisoners. —Negro " contrabands " were 
first employed in connection with U. S. service 
at Fortress Monroe by General Wool. 

Oct. 21. — A disastrous defeat of the Union 
troops occurred at Ball's Bluff, Va., Colonel 
Baker, with his California brigade crossed the 
Potomac, and was suddenly attacked by 5,000 
rebels, under General Evans, who held the ad- 
vantage in force and position. Baker's command 
was driven bacK to the river. No provision had 
been made for such an emergency, and those 
who refused to surrender, were either drowned 
or slauglitered ; 455 were taken prisoners 223 
were killed and 266 wounded. The rebel loss 
was estimated at 300. Colonel Baker, one of the 
bravest and most noble spirited men in the 
volunteer army, was among the slam. — Com- 
modore Dupont and General Sherman left New 
York with sealed orders on a combined military 
and naval expedition. — At Fredericktown, 
Mo., a large rebel force, under General .Jetf 
Thompson and Colonel Lowe, were defeated by 
Plummer's force. After two hours fighting, the 
rebels fled and were pursued 22 miles ; 200 
rebels, including Lowe, were killed, and a large 
number wounded. — In an attack on Camp Wild 
Cat, Laurel Co., Kentucky, 6,000 rebels, under 
Zollicoffer, were repulsed by a Union force, 
under General Schoepf, who lost four killed and 
31 wounded. 

Oct. 22.— At Buffalo Mills, Mo., 22 rebels were 
killed and 80 wounded. An action occurred 
at Goose Creek, Va.; losses not reported. 

Oct. 23.— In a skirmish at West Liberty, 
Mo., 15 rebel soldiers were killed and wounded, 
and six were captured. — Lieutenant Grayson 



routed the rebels at Hodgesville, Ky., and was 
wounded with seven of his men. 

Oct. 24. — Mason and Slidell were formally 
received at Havanna by the autliorilies in 
Cuba. — The second exchange of prisoners took 
place at Columbus, Ky., and Cairo, 111. — The 
writ of habeas corpus was suspended in the 
District of Columbia. 

Oct. 25. — Near Springfield, Mo., a detach- 
ment of Fremont's body guard, under Zagonyi, 
charged 2,000 rebels and routed them, killing 
106 and capturing 27 ; the Union loss was 
about 60. 

Oct 26. — Near Romney, Va., a force under 
General Kelley routed the rebels after two 
hours fighting ; many prisoners were cap- 
tured, a great amount of baggage, and all the 
cannon, ammunition and wagons. — At Platts- 
burg a Union victory was accomplished. — 
Fremont and Sigel, with their commands, 
arrived at Springfield, Mo. — In a skirmish at 
Saratoga, Ky., the 94th Illinois were engaged. 
— The 7th Missouri Cavalry were engaged in 
a skirmish at Spring Hill. 

Oct. 28.— At Dyer's Mills, Mo., 400 rebels 
offered to lay down their arms and return 
home if secured against arrest by Union troops ; 
General Henderson assented to their terms. — 
Near Butler, Mo., a rebel train was captured by 
a force under General Lane. 

Oct. 29. — Dupont and Sherman sailed from 
Fortress Monroe for Port Royal with SO vessels 
and 25,000 men. 

Oct. 30. — Removal of State prisoners from 
Fort La Fayette, New York, to Fort Warren, 
Boston. 

Oct. 31. — General Scott requested to be 
placed on the retired list. 

Nov. 1. — General Scott was retired on iull 
pay and McClellan was appointed his successor. 
— Colonel Mulligan was the first Union pris- 
oner exchanged under formalities, and General 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



23 



Frost, the rebel officer, captured by Lyon at 
Camp Jackson, St. Louis was released. — A skir- 
misl) occurred at Renick, Mo. 

Nov. 2. — Fremont was relieved of his com- 
mand in Missouri. — At Platte City, Mo., a 
force under Major .Josephs routed the rebels un- 
der Silas Gordon and captured 30 prisoners. 
— The Bermuda ran the blockade at Savannah, 
Ga. — Military activities at Leavenworth, ivan- 
sas. 

Nov. 3. — ^^Union men in East Tennessee de- 
stroyed several important railroad bridges and 
the rebels hung several Union men in retalia- 
tion. — A rebel movement occurred at Houston, 
Mo. 

Nov 5. — Prestonburg, Ky., was occupied by 
Union troops under General Nelson. 

Nov. 6.— At Little Santa Fe, N. M. 120 
Union soldiers under Captain Shields were cap- 
tured at Corrotowan Creek. 

Nov. 7.— Battle of Belmont, Mo. Tlie Union 
troops under Grant and McClernand, who had 
crossed from Cairo, were driven back to their 
transports by the rebels under General Clieat- 
ham; a hot fight was carried on more than 
six hours with heavy loss on both sides. — Forts 
Walker and Beauregard at Port Royal, S. C, 
were captured Ijy the expedition under Du- 
pont and Sherman after five hours engage- 
ment ; the Union loss was eight killed and 23 
wounded, and 2,500 rebel prisoners were taken. 
For the first time since April 14th, the United 
States flag floated over South Carolina soil.— 
The privateer, Royal Yacht, was boarded by a 
party from the Santee and burned in Galves- 
ton harbor after a sharp conflict. 

Nov. 8.— Captain Wilkes, United States Navy, 
commanding the steam sloop of war, .Jacinto, 
overhauled the British sail .steamer, Trent, con- 
veying Mason and Slidell to England and 
France. The rebel envoys were transferred to 
the Jacinto,— At Piketon, Ky., General Nel- 



son's brigade routed the rebels, losing six 
killed and 24 wounded ; the rebel loss in killed 
and wounded was 409, and 2,000 of their 
soldiers were captured and considerable prop- 
erty. 

Nov. 10.— At Guyandott, West Virginia, GOO 
rebel cavalry under Jenkins made a descent on 
150 Union soldiers. The citizens of the town 
treacherously lured the Federal garrison into 
their liouses, and they were afterwards as- 
saulted by the raiders and their hosts, male 
and female, and massacred in cold blood ; only 
50 escaped. An hour later Colonel Ziegler 
arrived with a regiment of regulars and burned 
the town.— At Taylor's Ford, Tenn., the loyal 
citizens defended the U. S. flag. 

Nov. 11 — -In a skirmish near Kansas City, 
Missouri, the troojis of Colonel Anthony were 
defeated by the rebels and lost 16 in killed 
and wounded. — A calvary skirmish occurred at 
Little Blue, Mo. 

Nov. 12 — In a skirmish near Romney, Vir- 
ginia, two Union soldiers were killed and 
12 rebel prisoners taken. — A detachment of 
New York cavalry engaged in a skirmish at 
Occoquan Creek, Va. 

Nov. 14~At McCoy's Mills, Va., a de- 
tachment of troops under General Benham, 
overtook, attacked and defeated the rear guard 
of General Floyd's rebel army and killed 15. 
— A military movement occurred at Point of 
Rocks, Md. 

Nov. 15. — The .Jacinto arrived at Fortress 
Monroe with Mason and Slidell. — In a skirmish 
at Cypress Bridge, Ky., the Union loss was 25 
killed and wounded. 

Nov. 18. — 3,000 rebel troops in Aceomac and 
Northampton Counties, Va., disbanded and the 
Union forces under General Dix took posses- 
sion of the peninsula. — A skirmish occurred at 
Palmyra, Mo. 

Nov. 19 — Warsaw, Mo., was burned by the 



24 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



rebel troops. — The rebel privateer Nashville, 
captured the Harvey Bircli near the English 
Channel, burned the vessel to the water's edge 
and took the crew as prisoners to an English 
port. — A skirmish occurred at "Wirt, W. Xa. 

Nov. 20. — The rebel General Floyd aban- 
doned his camp near Gurley River, W. Va., 
destroying a large proportion of the camp 
property and abandoning 10 wagon loads of 
arms and ammunition. 

Nov. 22. — Bombardment of the fortifications 
at Pensacola, Fla., by Fort Pickens and the 
U. S. fleets; Fort McRae was silenced. Fort 
Barancas and the navy yard much damaged 
and Warrenton destroyed. The Union loss 
was two killed and 13 wounded. The action 
occupied two days. 

Nov. 23. — The advance of General Butler's 
expedition for New Orleans sailed from Port- 
land, Me. — The representatives of U. S. soldiers 
in rebel prisons were authorized to draw their 
paj' as if in service. — Rebel movements at 
Warwick, Va. 

Nov. 24. — At Lancaster, Va., Colonel Moore 
defeated the rebels under Colonel Blanton, 
killing 13 and capturing several prisoners 
and losing one killed and two wounded. — 
Tybee Island, S. C, was occupied by the Union 
forces; a panic in consequence prevailed in 
Charleston which was placed under martial 
law and the Mayor called on the citizens to aid 
in tlie defense of the city. — Mason and Slidell 
were placed in Fort Warren, Boston. — An 
unimportant movement occurred at Bucking- 
ham, ^'a. 

Nov. 26. — The convention to organize the 
new State of West Virginia assembled at 
Wheeling. — Unimportant movements took place 
at Drainsville, Va., and Little Blue, -Mo. 

Nov. 27.— An emancipation Act was passed 
by the Wheeling convention. — At Liverpool, 
England, an indignation meeting was held to 



protest against Captain Wilkes' action in 
boarding the Trent. 

Nov. 29. — -An expedition under General 
Phelps left Fortress Monroe, destined for the 
Gulf. — The terror at Charleston, S. C, induced 
planters in the vicinity to destroy large quanti- 
ties of cotton. — At Black Walnut Creek, Mo., 
Major Hou,gh defeated the rebels, killing 14 
and capturing five. 

Nov. 30. — General Price issued a proclama- 
tion at Neosho, Mo., calling 50,000 Missou- 
rians to his aid. — 1,200 Creek Indians revolted 
against the authority of the rebels. 

Dec. 1. — In a skirmish at Hunter's Chapel, 
Va., General Blenker defeated the rebels, with 
a loss of one killed. — Militar}' movements took 
place at Tallahatchie, Fla., and Huntsville, Ala. 

Dec. 2.— At Fort Holt, Ky., and Ford's 
Point, Mo., an artillery duel occurred, in 
which the rebel gunboats and Union batteries 
were engaged. — (_)n the James River four Union 
gunboats and the rebel ironclad, Patrick Henry, 
supported by a shore battery, engaged in a 
naval skirmish which lasted two hours. 

Dec. 3. — In a reconnoissance near ^'ienna, 
^'a., companies D., F. and M., of the 3d Penn- 
sylvania Cavalry, under Captain Bell, were 
surprised by 300 rebels, and fought tlieir way 
through, with a loss of about 45. — At Salem, 
Mo., the Union garrison, under Major Bowen, 
was surprised by 300 rebels, and a street fight 
ensued, in which the rebels were repulsed ; the 
Union loss was 15 killed and wounded. 

Dec. 4. — General Phelps' expedition reached 
Ship Island.— At St. Louis, General Halleck 
ordered all spies found within the Union lines 
to be shot. — Queen Victoria prohibited the 
exportation from British ports of arms and 
other war supplies. — In a skirmish at Anandale, 
Va., a detachment of New Jersey troops 
engaged, and at Dunksburg, Mo., the citi- 



HISTORY OF TIJE CIVIL WAR. 



25 



zens took part in a skirmish. — An action took 
place at Wliippoorwill Bridge, Ky. 

Dec. 5. — In a skirmisli at Brownsville, Ky., 
the Home Guards defeated the rebels, under 
General Hinchman, killing thi'ee and wounding 
five. — A naval reconnoissance sent up the Wil- 
mington River, Ga., and captured a rebel 
battery. — Senator Sumner presented the first 
petition in the Senate for the emancipation 
of the slaves. 

Dec. G. — At Nashville, Tenn., a riot occurred 
during an attempt to enforce a draft for the 
confederate army ; the boxes containing the 
names were destroyed. 

Dec. 7. — At Mississippi Sound, a naval 
engagement took place between the gunboats 
New London and De Soto and two rebel vessels 
trying to run the blockade between Mobile and 
New Orleans. — At Dam No. 5, on the Potomac, 
the rebels were defeated, with a loss of 12 
killed. — At Olathe, Mo., two Union .soldiers 
were killed in a skirmish. — A Union Indian 
fight occurred at Bush}^ Creek, Ark. 

Dec. 8. — Beaufort, S. C, was occupied by 
Union troops. 

Dec. 9. — The rebel batteries at Free Stone 
and Shipping Point, Va., were silenced by 
the United States flotilla on the Lower Potomac, 
aided by the batteries at Budd's Ferry. A 
boat's crew was landed, which destroyed the 
rebel works and buildings containing stores. 

Dec. 11. — A great fire occurred at Charles- 
ton, S. C— At Bertrand, Mo., Lieutenant-Colonel 
Rhodes defeated the rebels and lost but one 
man. — Minor affairs occurred at Ossabaw Sound, 
and Sharpesburg, N. C. 

Dec. 12. — Military movements took place on 
Green River, Ky. 

Dec. 13.— At Camp Allegheny, Xa., a battle 
took place, in which the forces were respect- 
ively led by Milroy (Union) and Johnson 
(rebel); darkness terminated the action, and the 



rebels fled before daybreak; the Union loss was 
140 in killed, wounded and missing. — Military 
movements occurred at Butler, Md. — A de- 
serter named Johnson was shot, which was 
the first military e-xecution in the army. — In 
an action at Papinsville, Mo., General Pope 
captured a rebel camp, taking prisoners, camp 
fixtures and wagons. 

Dec. 15. — A rebel raid was made upon Platte 
City, Mo., and unimjwrtant activities occurred 
at Berlin, Md. 

Dec. 17.— Battle of Munfordsville, Ky. The 
rebels under General Bragg were defeated, 
the Union loss being 27 killed and wounded 
and that of the retiels much larger. 

Dec. 18. — A detachment of Pope's command 
under Jeff C. Davis captured a rebel camp at 
Milford, Mo., with 1,300 prisoners, and 
losing two killed and eight wounded. — A small 
rebel camp was captured on Ed isto Island, S. C. 

Dec. 19. — A rebel attack was made on 
Geary's Pennsylvania troop.s, which was re- 
pulsed. — Warlike movements occurred at Rip- 
ley, Va., and Point of Rocks, Md. 

Dec. 20. — At Drainsville, Va., a foraging 
party under General Ord, and rebels under 
Stewart engaged in a fight in which the latter 
were routed with heavy loss in killed and 
wounded, and losing 30 prisoners ; the Union 
loss was seven killed and 60 wounded. — In a 
skirmish at Hudson, Mo., a Union force under 
Colonel McKee defeated a rebel force, capturing 
10 and killing 17. 

Dec. 22.— At Nashville, Tenn., $1,000,000 
worth of stores belonging to the rebels were 
burned. 

Dec. 23. — The rebels were defeated near 
Newport News, Va, losing 10 killed ; six 
Union soldiei'S were wounded. 

Dec. 24.— Further enlistment of cavalry was 
stopped by the War Department, the force 



26 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



being sufficient. — A skirmish occurred at 
Wadesburg, Mo. 

Dec. 25. — The rebel militarjr authorities blew 
up the lighthouse on Morris Island, in Charles- 
ton harbor, S. C. — Rebel movements in Mobile 
harbor. 

Dec. 26. — Movements at Columbia, Ky. 

Dec. 27. — Mason and Slidell were surrendered 
to the British authorities. — Fort Stanton was 
garrisoned. 

Dec. 28. — At Mount Zion, Mo., General 
Prentiss' forces dispersed the rebels under 
Colonel D'Orsey, losing three killed and 11 
wounded; 35 prisoners were captured, 95 
horses and 105 guns, while the loss in killed 
and wounded was about 150. — A cavalry 
fight occurred at Sacramento, Ky. — At Sewall's 
Point, Va., military movements occurred. 

Dec. 31. — The rebels intrenched at Biloxi, 
Miss." 

1862. .Jan. 1.— A battle occurred at Port 
Royal Island, S. C, in which a Union brigade 
under General Stevens defeated an attacking 
party of rebels and lost three killed and 11 
wounded. — The bombardment of the forts in 
Pensacola Bay, Fla., re-opened and included 
attacks on Fort Pickens, Fort Barancas and 
Warrenton. 

Jan. 3. — Big Bethel, Va., having been evacu- 
ated by the rebels was occupied by the Union 
troops. — A cavalry action occurred at Hun- 
newell. Mo. 

Jan. 4.— Near Bath, Va., 15,000 rebels under 
Jackson attacked tbe 5th Connecticut, guard- 
ing the Baltimore & Oliio track, and drove 
them across the Potomac, capturing a num- 
ber of prisoners. — The command of Major 
Webster defeated the rebels at Huntersville, 
W. Va. 

Jan. 6. — Military operations occurred at Han- 
cock, Md. 

Jan. 7. — At Blue Gap, Va., Colonel Dun- 



ning's troops routed 2,000 rebels, killing 15 
and taking 20 prisoners. — A skirmish occurred 
30 miles east of Sutton, \V. Ya,., and the rebels 
were routed, losing 22 killed and wounded and 
a quantity of cattle and horses. — At Paintsville, 
Ky., a body of Union troops under Col. James 
A. Garfield, dispersed the rebels under Hum- 
phrey Marshall. 

Jan. 8. — At Silver Creek, Mo., Union troops 
under Major Torrence defeated the rebels 
under Colonel Poindexter, and lost three killed 
and 10 wounded. — The 10th Iowa engaged in 
a figlit at Charleston, Mo. — A cavalry skirmish 
took place at Cheat River, W. Va. 

Jan. 9. — In a skirmish at Columbus, Mo., 
a body of Kansas cavalry was engaged. 

Jan. 10. — The retreating rebel force under 
Humphrey Marshall were overtaken by Gar- 
field's troops at Prestonburg, Ky., and the 
rebels were defeated, losing 50 in killed and 
wounded, with 25 prisoners, the Union loss 
being two killed and 25 wounded. 

Jan. 11. — Over 100 ves.sels of all classes, car- 
rying 5,000 troops, sailed from Fortress Monroe 
for North Carolina under command of General 
Burnside and Commodore Goldsborough. — 
Near Columbus, Ky., the Union and rebel gun- 
boats were engaged on the Mississippi River. — 
Destruction of the bridges of the Louisville and 
Nashville railroad by the rebels. 

Jan. 17. — The Burnside expedition arrived 
at Hatteras, N. C. 

Jan. 19. General Thomas' forces routed 
those of Zollicoffer and Crittenden at Mill 
Spring, Ky., in an engagement which lasted 
several hours. The Union loss was 39 killed 
and 127 wounded, and the rebels lost 231 
killed and wounded, 150 prisoners, 10 cannon, 
100 wagons, 1,200 horses and mules, 1,000 mus- 
kets, arms, ammunition and stores and several 
boats. Zollicoffer was killed by a pistol shot 
fired by Col. S. S. Fry. 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



27 



Jan. 22. — Cavalry skirmish at Knob Noster, 
Mo. 

.Jan. 23. — At Southwest Pass on the Missis- 
sippi River, mihtary movements took place. 

Jan. 26. — The rebels constructed fortifica- 
tions at Benton, Ark. — At Bloomfield, Mo., an 
unimportant affair took place. 

Jan. 27. — The rebel authorities peremptorily 
refused to receive the commissioners sent from 
the North to provide for the comfort of Union 
prisoners. 

Jan. 28. — An unimportant naval engage- 
ment between U. S. and rebel gunboats took 
place near Savannah, Ga. 

Jan. 29. — Mason and Slidell landed at 
Southampton, England, but met with a very 
cold reception. — At Occoquan, Va., the 37th 
New York Infantry and 1st New Jersey Cavalry 
engage in a skirmish. — Reconnoissance at Stono 
Inlet, N. C. 

Jan. 30. — Erickson's Monitor was launched 
at Green Point, L. I. 

Jan. 31. — At Charleston, S. C, the con- 
federate ironclads Palmetto State and Chi- 
cora prepared for an attack on Fort McAlister 
and other points, their movements being known 
to history as a raid. 

Feb. 1. — An unimportant skirmish occurred 
near Bowling Green, Ky. 

Feb. 3. — The English authorities ordered the 
rebel privateer Nashville to leave Southampton ; 
the U. S. steamer Tuscarora attempted to follow 
and was stopped by a British frigate. 

Feb. 6.— At Fort Henry, Tenn., the rebel 
works Avere captured by seven gunboats under 
Flag Officer Foote after a fight of more than an 
hour and the commandant with his men 
were made prisoners, the main body of the 
rebels escaping. 

Feb. 7.— Union troops under General Lander, 
the siiccessor of Baker, occupied Romney, Va. 



— At Fairfax C. II., Yn., tlie command of 
Colonel Friedman worsted the I'ebels, killing 
one and capturing 12, only one Union soldier 
being wounded. — The Union batteries on Mary- 
land Heights shelled Harper's Ferry. 

Feb. 7. — Fighting was commenced at Roa- 
noke Island, N. C, which continued two days. 
The rebel works on the island were defended 
by six batteries, mounting an aggregate of 
42 heavy guns manned by a force of 250 and 
by eight two-gun gunboats. In the first day's 
fighting the U. S. vessels under Commodore 
Goldsboro disabled the gunboats and silenced 
several heavy guns attaclied to the Imtteries. 
During the succeeding night General Burnside 
landed 1,000 troops for the purpose of making 
a combined attack in the morning. Fighting 
was renewed at daylight and about 1,000 
additional infantry troops were landed, a com- 
bined military and naval attack being made 
on the rebel works. The defense of the works 
bj'^ the garrison may be faii'ly characterized 
as heroic, and many of the rebel fortifi- 
cations had to be carried at the point of the 
baj'onet. On the afternoon of the Sth the 
garrison surrendered, having lost about 80 in 
killed and wounded, while the Union loss was 
50 killed and 175 wounded. The federal 
troops captured 2,527 prisoners, 40 cannon, 
3,500 stand of arms besides about 75 tons of 
ammunition together with other war material. 
—Rebels intrenched at Germantown Tenn. 

Feb. 8. — A small force of Union troops 
under Captain Smith defeated a rebel detach- 
ment at Linn Creek, ^"a., capturing 17 horses 
and 12 prisoners; the Union loss was reported 
at one killed and wounded; the rebel loss in 
killed and wounded was reported at 15. 

Feb. 9. — A detachment of General Grant's 
forces engaged the rebels near Fort Henry, 
Tenn. ; 30 prisoners were taken and five rebels 
were reported killed, but the victory was 



28 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



obtained by a loss of 39 Union soldiers killed 
and 23 wounded. 

Fkb. 10.— At Elizabeth City, N. C, a rebel 
battery was silenced and a fleet of rebel gun- 
boats destroyed, captured or driven off by Union 
gunboats attached to the Burnside expedition 
under Commodore Rowan. — The return of a 
reconnoitering expedition by Union gunboats 
up the Tennessee River as far as Florence, Ala., 
occurred ; during the reconnoissance three 
steamers were captured. The expedition was 
accorded enthusiastic greeting by the inhabi- 
tants on the river. 

Feb. 11. — A part of Burnside's command 
occupied Elizabeth City, N. C, the rebels 
having evacuated and partly burned the town. 

Feb. 12. — The investment of Fort Donelson, 
Tenn., was commenced by 40,000 troops under 
Grant, the fort being garrisoned by about 
19,000 men. — Edenton, N. C, was occupied by 
the Union forces. 

Feb. 13.— Battle of Fort Donelson, Tenn. 
The attack on the works commenced at 7.80 
in the morning, the garrison making a 
vigorous reply. Reinforcements of 8,000 men 
arrived during the night and the action of the 
Union troops was supported by four gunboats 
under Commodore Foote. On the 14th several 
sorties were made by the rebels and in one a 
Union battery was captured which was at once 
retaken. In the afternoon the gunboats were 
obliged to retire down the river, being disabled 
having lost nine killed and 45 wounded. On 
the 15th the battle raged all day and the center 
works were stormed and carried by the L^nion 
troops. Darkness put an end to the fighting 
and the National flag floated over the redoubt. 
During the night Pillow and Floyd decamped 
with 5,000, troops leaving General Buckner to 
continue the fight or surrender. On the morn- 
ing of the 16th white flags appeared on the 
rebel works. In the correspondence between 



the commanders relative to the terms of sur- 
render. Grant insisted that it should be " un- 
conditional." The capitulation followed, 13,- 
829 prisoners, 3,000 horses, 48 field pieces, 
17 siege guns, 20,000 staled of arms and a 
large quantity of stores being captured. The 
official reports give a loss of 231 killed and 
1,007 wounded to the rebels and report the 
Union loss as 446 killed, 1,735 wounded and 
150 prisoners. 

Feb. 13. — Union troops occupied Springfield, 
Mo., which had been abandoned by the 
troops of Sterling Price who left his sick be- 
hind. 

Ffb. 14. — At glooming Gap, Va., the com- 
mand of General Lander defeated the rebels, 
killing 13, wounding 20 and taking 56 prison- 
ers, his own loss being seven killed. — At Flat 
Lick Ford, Ky., Colonel Munday's men en- 
gaged in a skirmish without loss, but killed 
and wounded eight rebels and took several 
prisoners. 

Feb. 15. — The rebels having evacuated 
Bowling Green, Ky., 8,000 troops under General 
C. M. Mitchell occupied and fortified the place. 

Feb. 15. — A skirmish occurred at \'enus 
Point, Md. 

Feb. 16. — Warsaw, Mo., was garrisoned by 
Union troops. 

Feb. 17.— At Sugar Creek, Ark., 13 Union 
soldiers were killed and wounded. 

Feb. 19. — Tlie gunboats of the Burnside 
expedition attacked Winton, N. C, which was 
abandoned by the inhabitants and burned. 
— At Independence, Mo., a skirmish occurred 
between the L^nion troops and the guerrillas of 
Quantrell and Parker. 

Feb. 20. — The naval force under Foote 
occupied Clarksville, Tenn., the rebels retreat- 
ing on the approach of the gunboats, after an 
unsuccessful attempt to burn the railroad 
bridge. — While making an attempt to reinforce 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



29 



Fort Doiielson, 1,000 rebels marched into the 
Union hnes and were promptly made prisoners. 

Feb. 21. — William Goodwin, convicted of 
taking negroes from the coast of Africa with 
the intent to sell them into slavery, was hung 
in the city of New York, this being the first 
execution of a slave trader in 40 years.— 
The United States Regulars under Colonel 
Canby were defeated by Texan rebels under 
the command of Colonel Steele at Valverde, 
on the Rio Grande, N. M.; the fight lasted all 
day. During its progress a section of U. S. 
artillery displayed bravery of the highest order, 
standing to their guns until literally cut to 
pieces, and Captain Alexander McRae sealed 
his heroism with his life ; the six guns attached 
to the battery were not captured until after the 
death of their defenders ; 62 Union soldiers 
were killed and 140 wounded ; the rebel lo.ss 
was not ascertained. 

Feb. 23. — Military necessity compelled the 
rebel evacuation of Nashville, Tenn., which 
was on the same day occupied by Union troops 
under General Nelson, ttrcumstances of great 
excitement attended the departure of the con- 
federate forces and the removal of the State 
government. Rebel soldiers were guilty of 
many acts of rapine and pillage, and were 
only prevented from burning the city by the 
determined opjiosition of armed citizens. The 
railroad bridge across the Cumberland was 
burned and the wires of the supension bridge 
were cut, but neither of these acts of vandalism 
served to prevent tlie entrance of the Union 
troops. The rebel governor Harris before his 
flight, delivered an inflammatory address to a 
meeting of citizens, urging them to meet him 
at Memphis ; liis remarks awakened no enthu- 
siasm and he left in apparent disgust. — Gallatin, 
Tenn., was occupied by General Buell's troops, 
while Fayetteville, Ark., was captured by Gen- 
eral Curtis. 



Feb. 24. — Mud Town, Ark., was occupied by 
the 5th Missouri Cavalry, who captured a quan- 
tity of stores which liad been poisoned and 42 
officers and men were t^ken ill and several died. 
— The 37tli New York engaged in a skirmish 
at Occoquan, Va. 

Feb. 25. — Columbus, Ky., was evacuated. 

Feb. 26. — Military posession was taken of all 
telegraph lines and army intelligence was 
prohibited from passing over the wires ; private 
messages were not interfered with, if of a private 
nature. — In a skirmish at Keytesville, Mo., the 
cavalry were engaged. 

Feb. 28. — A skirmish occurred at Charleston, 
Ya. 

March 1.— At Sykestown, Mo,, a detachment 
of Illinois troops engaged in an action. 

March 2.— Two of Commodore Foote's gun- 
boats went up the Tennessee River to Pittsburg 
Landing, silenced a rebel battery and landed a 
small Union force, which charged the rebels 
and drove tliera from their works. On the 
arrival of rebel reinforcements the Union 
soldiers retreated to the boats ; they lost five 
killed and five wounded, and killed and 
wounded more than 200 rebels— A part of 
Commodore's Dupont's fleet, assisted by the 
troops, took posession of Brunswick, Ga. 

March 3.— Preparations for the occupation 
of Fernandina, Fla., which was abandoned 
by the rebels. (March 3d to March 7th.)— Mil- 
itary activities at Martinsburg, Va. — An in- 
fiintry and two cavalry regiments engaged in 
a fight at New Madrid, Mo. 

March 5. — ^The 63d Pennsylvania Infantry 
engaged in a skirmish at Occoquan, Va. — 
Military movements occurred at Bunker Hill, 
Va., Pineville, Mo., and Fort Beauregard, S. C. 

March 6. — Battle of Pea Ridge, Ark. Van 
Dorn, Price and Ben McCulloch, with 35,000 
troops, including 2,000 Indians, attacked the 
forces of Sigel and Curtis, Asbooth and Jeff 



30 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



C. Davis ; at the end of the first day the troops 
slept on their arms. The battle continued 
the next day with heavy loss, McCuUoch being 
killed. The fighting was resumed the next 
day — Saturday — and the rebels were routed 
before sunset and closely pursued. Nearl} 
2,000 prisoners were captured, and the Union 
loss was 212 killed, 92G wounded and 170 mis- 
sing, while that of the rebels was 3,600 killed 
and wounded. The various parts of this action 
are recorded as Bentonville, Leetown, Elkhorn 
Tavern and Sugar Creek. 

March 6.— Operations were begun at Berry- 
vilie which covered several days. — Movements 
occurred at St. Mary's Fla., and Smithfield, Va. 

March 7. — Geary's troops occupied Lees- 
burg, Va. — A skirmish occurred at Fox Creek, 
Mo.; the evacuation of Centerville, Va., took 
place, and at Acquia Creek, Va., gunboat move- 
ments occurred. 

March S.^The Army of the Potomac was 
made into five corps. — Activities took place at 
Occoquan, '\'^a., Keytesville, Mo., Waterford, 
Miss., and Wheatland, Mo.— Action in Hamp- 
ton Roads. The rebel ironclad ram Merrimac, 
attacked the Cumberland, sinking her with 
most of her crew. The Congress was next 
attacked and surrendered after having been 
set on fire ; the Minnesota started to relieve the 
Congress, but ran aground, and was attacked 
by the ram and an engagement between the 
two lasted until dark. Two gunboats were dis- 
abled and the Union losses were very heavy ; 
100 were killed and 50 wounded on the Cum- 
berland ; 94 were killed and 29 wounded on 
the Congress ; on the Minnesota, six were killed 
and 25 wounded, and on the gunboats five 
were killed and wounded ; the rebels took 40 
prisoners from the Congress which burned all 
night and then blew up. — In a skirmish near 
Nashville, Tenn., the 1st Wisconsin Infantry 
and 4th Ohio Cavalry engaged. 



March 9. — The Merrimac again appeared in 
Hampton Roads. During the night Erickson's 
steam floating battery Monitor arrived from 
New York and the two ironclads were engaged 
in a three-hours' figiit. The Merrimac retired 
in a damaged condition and was towed away 
to the protection of a rebel battery at Sewall's 
Point. Lieutenant Worden, commander of the 
Monitor, was injured in his eyes which was the 
only casualty on the "Yankee Cheese Box;" 
24 were reported killed and wounded on the 
Merrimac— The rebel fortifications at Cockpit 
Point, on the Potomac, were occupied by the 
Union troops, and one of the obstructions to 
the channel removed. — A skirmish occurred 
at Mountain Grove, Mo., and activities were 
in operation at Point Pleasant, W. Va. 

March 10. — The rebels evacuated Manasses 
Junction, Va., which was occupied by the 
Union troops. — Rebel troops from Texas, under 
Sibley, took military possession of Santa Fe, 
N. M. — Cavalry skirmishes occurred at Burke's 
Station, Va., and Jacksboro, Tenn. — Military 
movements occurred at Brunswick, Va. 

March 11.— In a cavalry skirmish at AVin- 
chester, Va., 4,000 rebels were dispersed and 
the town occupied by the Union troops. — St. 
Augustine, Fla., with an adjacent fort, was 
occupied by Commodore Dupont without firing 
a shot, and the National flag was displayed 
voluntarily by the city authorities. The 5th 
Iowa and 1st Nebraska Cavalry engaged in a 
skirmish at Parish, Tenn. 

March 12. — Jacksonville, Fla., surrendered 
to Dupont and raised the stars and stripes. — A 
cavalry force from New Lebanon, Mo., attacked 
a rebel band, killing 13, wounding five and 
capturing about 25 prisoners. — At Lexington, 
Mo., the 1st Iowa Cavalry engaged in a 
skirmish. 

March 13. — At New Madrid, Mo., the rebel 
garrison evacuated the place, abandoning a 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



31 



large quantity of ammunition and arms, beside 
camp equipments and tlie troops of Pope took 
possession. In tlie skirmishing previous to the 
departure of the rebels, 50 Union soldiers were 
killed. — A movement occurred at Williamsport, 
Md. 

March 14. — The troops of Burnside, after a 
long and tedious march, attacked the rebels, 
numbering 12,000, at Newburn, N. C, and, after 
three hours' hot contest, drove the latter in con- 
fusion, making extensive captures, including 
two steamboats and several sailing vessels. 
The Union loss was !)1 killed and 4GG wounded. 
In a movement at Point Pleasant, W. Va., an 
infantry force was engaged. 

March 15. — Activities occurred at Dumfries, 
Va. 

March 16. — Commodore Foote attacked 
Island No. 10, on the Mississippi River, the 
siege lasting 23 days. (The result of the 
bombardment may be found under date of 
April 7th.) — Near Pittsburg Landing a d(;tach- 
ment of the 4th Illinois defeated a squad of 
rebel cavalry, inflicting heavy loss ; four Union 
soldiers were wounded. — At Black .Jack Forest, 
Tenn., about 500 Union cavalry defeated 1,000 
rebels; the Union loss was 25 in killed and 
wounded, and the rebel loss was four times as 
great. — Near Pound Gap, in the Cumberland 
Mountains, a detachment of Garfield's forces 
routed a rebel camp, capturing a quantity of 
equipments and stores. 

March 17.— The rebel .steamer " Nashville " 
escaped from Beaufort, N. C. 

March 18.— Acquia Creek, Xa., was evac- 
uated by the rebels. — A skirmish occurred at Sa- 
lem, Ark. 

March 20.— Beaufort, N. C, was occupied by 
Bui'nside without opposition. 

March 21.— General Butler arrived at Ship 
Island.— Burnside's troops occupied Washing- 
ton, N. C— At Mosquito Inlet, Fla., a gunboat 



action took place and a military movement 
occurred at St. Augustine. 

March 22. —In West Virginia, the rebels 
attacked a portion of General Shields' troops 
and retreated after tlie skirmish in which 
Shields was slightly wounded. — At Indepen- 
dence, Mo., the 2nd Kansas Infantry was en- 
gaged in a slight skirmish. 

March 23. — General .Jackson, commanding 
12,000 rebels, was induced by a strategy of 
General Shields to attack an apparently unsup- 
ported force near Winchester and encountered 
10,000 Union troops and was driven in con- 
fusion after five liours fight; 300 prisoners 
were captured and 270 rebel dead were buried 
by the Union troops. The Union casualties 
included 103 killed, 440 wounded and 24 mi-s- 
sing.— The investment of Fort Macon, N. C, 
was commenced by the Union forces.— The 6th 
Ivansas Cavalry were involved in a skirmish 
at Carthage, Mo., and military activities took 
place at Morehead City, Ky. 

March 24. — Commodore Dupont sent ay 
expedition to Warsaw Sound, Ga., which occu- 
pied the abandoned rebel works at Skidaway 
and Green Islands. — Activities occurred at Ship- 
ping Point, Va., and Wilmington, N. C. 

March 26.— Quantrell with 200 guerrillas 
attacked a detachment of Missouri militia at 
Warrensburg, Mo., and was repulsed. — A heavy 
skirmish took place at Humansville, Mo., and 
15 rebels were killed. A skirmish occurred at 
McMinnville, Tenn. 

March 27. — The forces under Shields and 
Jackson engaged in a skirmish near Strasburg, 
Va. 

March 28. — About 1,300 Union soldiers 
under Colonel Stougli fought 1,100 Texans at 
Apache Canon, N. M.; the loss on both sides 
being heavy. — The 28th Pennsylvania engaged 
in a skirmish at Middleburg, Va. 

March 29. — A skirmish took place near 



82 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Warrensburg, Mo., in which the 1st Iowa Cav- 
ah-y, under Captain Thompson, defeated the 
guerriHas under Parker and Walton, who were 
both captured with 25 of their men. 

March 31.— Colonel Buford, with a detach- 
ment from the 27th and 42nd Illinois, and the 
15th Wisconsin, with a detail of cavalry and 
artillery, dispersed a rebel garrison at Union 
City, Tenn., with heavy loss of soldiers and 
supplies. — The Baltimore and Ohio railroad 
was reopened throughout its entire extent. — 
Military movements took place at Watts' Creek, 
Va., and Warrenton, Va. 

April 1.— A portion of the 2nd Illinois Cav- 
alry having been surrounded by a body of 
rebels, between Corinth and Farmington, Miss., 
gallantly cut their way out, losing only five 
in killed and wounded ; the rebel loss was 
estimated at 49. — Skirmish at Putnam's Ferry, 
Mo., in which the 5tli Illinois Cavalry, 21st 
and 38tli Illinois Infantry engaged. — At 
Thoroughfare Gap, Va., the 28th Pennsylvania 
Infantry engaged in a skirmish. — Action at 
Stafford C. H., Va., and at Stony Creek, Tenn. 

April 3. — Appalachicola, Fla., was occupied 
by the Union forces. 

April 4. — Pass Christian on the Gulf coast, 
northeast of New Orleans, was occupied by the 
Union troops. — The Army of tlie Potomac, 
under General McClellan, advanced toward 
Yorktown, Va. — Skirmishing preliminary to 
the great battle which was soon to follow, 
took place near Pittsburg Landing.— Skirmish 
at Great Bethel, Va., and at Crump's Landing, 
Tenn. 

April 5.— An advance detachment of the 
Army of the Potomac attacked the rebel works 
at Yorktown, Va.; three Union soldiers were 
reported killed and 22 wounded. 

April 6.— General McClellan's lines on the 
Peninsula at this time extended across the 
neck of land from the York to the James and 



his troops occupied Shipping Point on Poquesin 
Bay, which had been abandoned bj' the rebels, 
presumably to avoid battle. 

April 6-7. — Battle ,of Shiloh, or Pittsburg 
Landing. Before daylight, about 45,000 rebels 
led by Albert Sidney .Johnson and Beauregard, 
suddenly attacked the Union forces, 35,000 
strong, under General Grant. During the first 
day's conflict, the United States troops were 
driven back to the river with great slaughter, 
losing also about 2,500 prisoners (among 
whom was General Prentiss), 36 pieces of 
artillery, a large amount of camp equipage, 
etc. The army was saved from total defeat 
through the rashness of the rebels, who, flushed 
with success, approached too near the river, 
when the gunboats opened flre upon them with 
deadly effect. The confederate success on the 
first day was not achieved without heavy loss. 
General Johnson himself, being among the 
slain. During the night of the 6th and 
morning of the 7th, the Union army was 
strongly re-inforced. Fighting was resumed 
early on the morning of the 7th and at about 
4 o'clock in the afternoon began the rebel 
retreat, which soon assumed the proportions of 
a partial rout. Several Union prisoners and 
some cannon were • retaken. The fighting on 
both sides had been desperate and the loss 
fearful. The Union losses officially reported 
were : killed, 1,674 ; wounded, 7,721 ; missing 
and prisoners, 3,963 ; total, 13,298. The rebel 
loss as reported by Beauregard was 1,728 
killed ; 8,012 wounded, and 959 missing. 

April 7. — After 23 days intermittent bom- 
bardment by Commodore Foote's flotilla. Island 
No. 10 (commanded by General Markad) sur- 
rendered. At the surrender, 17 officers, 300 
privates in good health, 100 sick and 100 
steamboat hands were made prisoners. In 
addition were captured 70 guns, besides several 
steamers and other property, to the value of 




Q^e-^i. . HJ} • ^- (S^-J^i-e- ti? J ^ u. J-i- . 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



33 



nearly a quarter of a million of dollars. The 
operations on the mainland had been carried on 
by General Pope, who headed off the rebel 
retreat and captured several more prisoners, 
comprising four generals, 25 field officers, 
204 line ofKcers and over G,000 privates, besides 
10,000 arms, 2,000 horses and mules, 1,000 
wagons, etc., besides about $40,000 worth of 
provisions and amunition. — Action at Lawrence- 
burg, Ky. 

April 8. — A rebel camp near Elizabeth City, 
N. C, was surprised and routed b}^ an expe- 
dition consisting of troops from Roanoke 
Island ; 80 prisoners were taken, one rebel 
soldier killed, and a large quantity of arms, 
tents, etc., captured. — Fight near Corinth, Miss. 

April 9. — A conscription was ordered by the 
rebel congress. — Skirmish at Owens River, Cal. 
— Activities at Jacksonville, Fla. 

April 10-11. — Attack upon and surrender 
of Fort Pulaski, Ga. The Union batteries 
on Tybee Island, commanded by Gillmore, 
opened fire on the fort whose garrison was 
commanded by Colonel Olmstead. The rebels 
surrendered after a bombardment of 30 hours, 
to General Hunter. Tht^ prisoners tak-en num- 
bered 860 and a large amount of garrison 
equipments and ammunition were also cap- 
tured. — The rebel ram Merrimac again appeared 
in Hampton Roads with several smaller heav- 
ily armed vessels; three small Union trading 
vessels were captured, but no other damage was 
done. — Near Yorktown, Va., a rebel repulse 
took place, in which seven Union soldiers were 
killed and wounded.— General Mitchell's troops 
occupied Huntsville, Ala. — Slavery was abol- 
ished in the District of Columbia. 

April 13. — Skirmishes occurred at Little 
Blue River, Mo., and at Monterey, Va. ; move- 
ments also took place at Pocahontas, Ark., and 
at Stevens, Ga. 

April 13.— Commodore Foote, with the Mis- 



sissippi River flotilla, arrived at Fort Pillow 
and on the following day opened tire on the 
works.— -Activities occurred at Needham's Cut- 
off on the Mississippi in Tennessee. 

April 14. — Military movements occurred at 
Pollocksville, N. C, Urbana, Md., Lowey's 
Point, Va., Diamond Grove, Walkersville, N. 
C, and Montevallo, Mo. 

April 15. — A fight occurred at Pechacho 
Pass, D. T., and at Peratto, N. M.— In the 
vicinity of South Mills, N. C, military move- 
ments occurred covering several days. 

April 16. — A detachment of rebels from 
Lee's arm}' made a night attack on the Union 
position at Lee's Mills, Va. The a.ssault was 
repelled by a Vermont regiment, and the 
Union troops drove the rebels from their in- 
trenchments, but were finally compelled to 
retire. The Union loss was 35 killed, 120 
wounded and nine prisoners; the rebel loss was 
20 killed, 75 wounded and 50 prisoners. — 
Near Yorktown, Xa., the United States artillery 
opened a duel with the rebels with slight ad- 
vantage—Activities at Savannah, Tenn., and 
White Marsh Island, Ga.; in the latter, the 8th 
Michigan and a Rhode Island battery were 
engaged. 

April 17. — At New Market, Va., a part of 
the advanced guard of General Banks' com- 
mand from Mount Jackson occupied the place. 
— A skirmish occurred at Holly River, W. Va. 

April 18. — At Fredericksburg, Va., a run- 
ning fight took place, in which the 2d New 
York Cavalry drove 3,000 rebels who burned 20 
schooners, three steamboats and two bridges in 
their flight. The Union loss was eight killed 
and 17 wounded.— The attack on Forts Jackson 
and St. Phillip at the mouth of the Mississippi 
was commenced by the combined Union fleet 
under Farragut and Porter. The activities con- 
tinued until the 28th, the fleets passing the 
forts and capturing New Orleans, wliere a force 



34 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



under General Butler was landed. On the 28th 
two comijanies of the 4th Wisconsin and a 
detachment from the 21st Indiana went to the 
rear of the forts, which completed the line of 
investment, and the forts surrendered without 
farther resistance. — An action took place at 
Edisto Island, S. C. 

April 19.— Capture of Camden, N. C, by 
General Reno with 2,500 men and a loss of 
127 in killed, wounded and missing. — A skir- 
mish occurred on a canal near Elizabeth City, 
N. C, 500 men of Burnside's command being 
engaged and driving a Georgia regiment; 
the Union loss was 11 killed and many 
wounded. — In a skirmish at Talbot's Ferry, 
Ark., the 4th Iowa Cavalry were engaged.— A 
slight action took place at Sparta, Teini. 

April 21. — Santa Fe, N. M., was occupied by 
the Union troops. 

April 22. — Slight skirmish at Lee's Mills 
with a Union loss of two killed and two 
wounded. — Near Paratura, N. M., General Can- 
by's forces attacked a garrison of Texan rebels. 
— Skirmishes took place at Harrisonburg, Va., 
and Grass Lick, W. Va. 

April 24. — Farragut's fleet passed Foris Jack- 
son and St. Philip under a rain of shot and 
shell. In the engagements 13 rebel gunboats 
and three transports were destroyed. The 
Union fleet lost only one vessel, and anchored 
within 20 miles of New Orleans. The Union 
loss included a little more than 200 in killed 
and wounded ; the rebel loss was nearly 400 
killed and wounded and 400 prisoners. — Action 
at Pea Ridge, Ark. 

April 25. — Farragut demanded the surren- 
der of New Orleans, and the rebels destroyed 
$3,000,000 worth of cotton and shipping.— Fort 
Macon, N. C, was bombarded for 11 hours by 
three gunboats and a force commanded by Gen- 
eral Parks of Burnside's army, and surren- 



dered ; the Union loss was one killed and two 
wounded. 

April 26. — A rebel outwork near Yorktown, 
Va., was assaulted and destroyed by one com- 
pany of the 1st Massachusetts with a loss of 
three killed and 13 wounded. — At Neosho, 
Mo., Major Hubbard, commanding 148 men 
of the 1st Mi.ssouri, defeated 600 rebel Indians, 
killing and wounding 30, capturing 60, and a 
large amount of arms. — The 5th Kansas Cav- 
alry had a skirmish at Turn Back Creek, Mo., 
and the troops under A. .J. Smith, made a re- 
connoissance to Lick Ci-eek, Miss. 

April 27. — A skirmish took place near Hor- 
ton's Mills, N. C, and at Purdy, Tenn., a mili- 
tary movement occurred. 

April 28. — Formal surrender of New Orleans 
and also Forts .Jackson and St. Philip. — A skir- 
mish, in which 22 men of the lOtli Wisconsin 
engaged, took place at Paint Rock Railroad 
Bridge, Ala. —Three regiments, including the 
16th and 42nd Ohio, and the 22nd Kentucky, 
engaged in a skirmish at Cumberland Moun- 
tain, and the 2nd Iowa Cavalry, liad a figlit at 
Monterey, Tenn.— At Bridgeport, Ala., General 
Mitchell's forces routed the rfebels and inflicted 
a loss of 72 killed, a large number wounded and 
350 prisoners. — Movements took place at Edisto, 
S. C. 

April 30. — The siege of Corinth, Miss., was 
commenced by the army under Halleck. 

May 1. — General Mitchell occupied Hunts- 
ville, Ala. — A slight skirmish took place at 
Clark's Hollow, W. Va.— At Pulaski, Tenn., 
Morgan's guerrillas captured a small force of 
Union troops. — At Farmington, Miss., an action 
occurred with no decisive results, although six 
Illinois regiments and three Michigan regi- 
ments, a company of sharpshooters and an 
Illinois battery, were engaged. 

May 4. — The rebels having evacuated York- 
town and Gloucester, A'^a., those points were 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



35 



occupied by McClellan's army.— A rebel iron- 
clad was captured in running the blockade at 
Charleston, S. C— A skirmish took place at 
Licking, Mo., and at Cheese Cake Church, Xa.— 
The pursuit of the rebels from Yorktown was 
vigorously pressed. 

May 5.— Battle of Williamsburg, Va. This 
action was one of the most fearful of the war 
up to this date. The rebel loss was about 3,000 
and the Union loss 500 less. Hancock's troops 
gained a decided advantage in the early stage 
of the fighting, displaying great bravery. The 
battle throughout was desperate on both sides, 
Sickles' and Hooker's men suffering heavy loss. 
Reinforcements arrived a little after noon and 
soon after Hancock with his Western troops, 
secured a victory. The enemy fled during the 
night. — Skirmishes took place at St. .Josephs, 
La., at Lebanon, Tenn., and at Dresden, K)'. 

May 6. — McClellan's army occupied Will- 
iamsburg. — Military' movements occurred at 
Harrisonburg, Va. 

May 7. — At West Point, Ya., a detachment 
of Lee's army was defeated by the troops 
belonging to the expedition under Fi'anklin 
and Sedgwick ; the rebels retreated with a loss 
of 800. — A Union repulse occurred at Somer- 
ville Heights, Va., with a loss of 29 Union 
soldiers. — Activities occurred at Giles C. H., Va. 

May* 8. — The Union gunboats ran past the 
rebel ram Merrimac and ascended the .James 
River. — Sewall's Point was bombarded by the 
Monitor and Union gunboats. — The Union 
command under Milroy and Schenck had a 
severe engagement near McDowell, Xa., losing 
40 killed and 120 wounded ; the rebel loss was 
probably much greater. — At Corinth, Miss., a 
hot action took place, which involved the 7th 
Illinois Cavalry under Major Arlington, who 
was killed ; this action is also known as 
Glendale. 

May 9. — General Pope's forces fought the 



rebels under Price and A'^an Dorn at Farming- 
ton, Miss., an(l retired to avoid a general 
engagement, losing 160 killed and wounded. — 
Near Athens, Ala., a skirmish occurred in which 
five Union soldiers and lo rebels were killed. — 
In the Shenandoah valley, the forces of Banks 
drove the rebels back to Staunton. — Burnside 
sent a steamer up the Chowan River which 
cajitured or destroyed $50,000 worth of provi- 
sions designed for rebels. — The gunboats up 
the James River bombarded Fort Darling. — 
Pensacola nav}^ yard burned. — Skirmishes 
occurred at Elkton Station, Ala., and at 
Slatersville, Va. 

May 10. — Gosport navy yard was burned 
and Craney Island abandoned by the rebels. — 
General Wool with his forces occupied Nor- 
folk. — Stoneman's advance reached New Kent 
C. II., Va.^A gunboat action resulting in 
Union victory occurred near Fort Pillow. 

May 11. — The rebels destroyed the Merri- 
mac. — The 1st Wisconsin Cavalry engaged in a 
skirmish at Bloomfield, Mo., and at Cave City, 
Ky., militai'y movements occurred. 

May- 12. — Occupation of the rebel position 
at Pensacola. — Natchez surrendered. — Blockade 
raised at Beaufort, N. C, Port Royal, S. C, and 
New Orleans, La., to go into etfect June 1st, 
1862. — At McDowell, Va., another action took 
place with a loss of 20 killed and 177 wounded 
and a rebel loss of 240. — In a skirmish near 
Monterey, Tenn., the Union forces killed 10 
rebels and lost two soldiers.— The advance of 
McClellan's army reached White House, hav- 
ing skirmished at Cumberland, Va.— Military 
movements occurred at Holly River, W. ^'a., 
Rogersville, Ala., and Ready Creek, Tenn. 

May 14.— Near Trenton Bridge, N. C, the 
command of Colonel Armory defeated the 
rebels and killed 10. 

May 15. — A gunboat action took place at 
Fort Dai-ling, Va. — Skirmishes at Linden, Va., 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Princeton, W. Va., Chalk Bluffs, Mo., and 
Batesville, Ark., took place. 

May 16. — At Trenton, N. C, an action took 
place in which six rebels were killed and a 
number wounded; Major Fitz Simmons in 
command of the I'nion force was wounded and 
five of his men captured. — An action took 
place at Piedmont, W. Va. 

May 17. — On the James River, the fleet of 
Goldsborough made an attempt to pass Fort 
Darling which was unsuccessful. — Actions took 
place at Russelville, near Corinth, Miss., and 
on the Black River, Mo. 

May is. — A division of the Army of the 
Potomac arrived at Bottom's Bridge, 15 miles 
from Richmond; the bridge had been de- 
stroj'ed and the rebels opened fire without 
material damage. — Combined laud and naval 
movements up the Pamunky River prepara- 
tory to operations north of Richmond and 20 
rebel schooners were captured. — At Princeton, 
Ya., where operations had been in progress 
three days, the forces of General Cox were de- 
feated, losing 30 killed and 70 wounded. — Suf- 
folk, Va., occupied by the Union troops. — Near 
Searcy Landing, Ark., tlie command of Oster- 
haus defeated the rebels, who lost about 100. 

May 19. — Stoneraan's division reached Cold 
Harbor. — A skirmish occurred near Newbern, 
N. C, five Union and 11 rebel soldiers being 
killed. 

May 20, — A division of the Army of the 
Potomac reached New Bridge, eight miles from 
Richmond. — At Moorefields, Va., Union troops 
under Downey killed four rebels and captured 
12. 

May 21. — Four Union vessels shelled Cole's 
Gate Island, S. C, and attacked Keawah Island 
in the same locality. — A skirmish occurred at 
Phillip's Creek, Miss. 

May 22. — McClellan's army advanced in 
force; an engagement followed, the Union 



troops driving back the rebels, sustaining small 
loss and killing, wounding and capturing 
150. The advance was continued, and the 
rebels dislodged from Ellison's Mills by an 
artillery action. — Skirmishes occurred at Flor- 
ida, Mo., on the White River, Ark., and near 
Newbern, N. C. 

May 23. — A sudden and furious attack was 
made on Front Royal, Va., and the Union 
troops were defeated with great loss of prison- 
ers.— At Strasburg, ^"a., the rebels attacked 
the force of General Banks and won a victory. 
— At Lewisburg, Va., 3,000 rebels made an 
attack on the comimand of Crook and were 
repulsed with a loss of more than 200, besides 
cannon and arms and the Union loss was only 
10 killed and 40 wounded.— Mechanicsville, 
five miles from Richmond, was occupied by a 
part of the Army of the Potomac after an 
artillery duel; Negley's brigade reached a 
point five miles from the rebel capital and, 
after this movement, McClellan's command was 
practically five miles from Richmond. 

May 24. — Skirmishes took place at Middle- 
town, Newton and New Bridge on the Chicka- 
hominy. — Activities at Fort Graig, N. M. 

May 25. — Battle of Winchester, Va. General 
Banks was attacked by an overwhelmingly 
superior force of rebels and recommenced his 
retreat after two hours hard fighting. Tlie 
women of Winchester fired upon the retreating 
I'nion troops and the men on tiie sick in the 
ambulances. The enemy, by occupying Berry- 
ville, having cut off Bank's retreat on Harper's 
Ferry, the latter was compelled to proceed wes- 
terly via Mill Creek and Martinsburg to the 
Potomac, being hotly pressed by the rebels on 
both Hank and rear ; the retreat was most 
masterly ; 35 out of the 53 miles were traversed 
in one day ; and out of 500 wagons, he lost but 
5.0 from all causes. 

May 26. — General Bank's forces arrived at 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



37 



Williamsport, Md.; on the same day General 
Fremont's ti'oops took up their marcii for his 
reinforcement. — General McDowell extended 
his pickets eight miles along the Bowling Green 
road toward Richmond. 

May 27. — Near Hanover, C. H., a skirmish 
took place in which 54 Union soldiers were 
killed and 194 were reported as wounded and 
missing. Ahout 300 rebels were killed and 
wounded, and 500 prisoners captured.— A 
skirmish took place at Big Indian Creek, Ark., 
and Osceola, Mo. 

May 28.— a rebel defeat occurred near 
Corinth, Miss., the Union loss in killed and 
wounded being 25 ; 50 dead rebels were left on 
the field. — Information reached the Union army 
that the rebels were increasing their forces on 
the James River, and that arrangements were 
being made to remove the noncombatants in 
Richmond to a place of safet)'. — Skirmishes 
took place at Wardensville, Va., and at Bayou 
Cache, Ark. 

May 29. — General Fitz John Porter's division 
havuig been sent by General McCIellan on an 
expedition to the north of Richmond, a detach- 
ment under General Morell captured Hanover 
C. H., after a spirited contest, killing and 
wounding 400 and taking 600 prisoners. The 
Union lo.ss was 379, of whom 53 were killed. — 
General Porter next cut the Mrginia Central 
railroad in three places, and a cavalry force 
destroyed the bridge across South Anna River, 
cutting off the rebel troops ojiposite McDowell's 
division from the main force at Richmond.— A 
gunboat reconnoissance up the Appomattox 
advanced to within five miles of Parkersburg. 
— A rebel advance in great force was made in 
the neighborhood of the Chickahominy.— Gen- 
eral Beauregard evacuated Corinth, Miss., and 
the place was, on the following day, occupied 
by General Pope's command. — A skirmish 



occurred at Pocotaligo, S. C. — Activities at 
Gatesville, N. C, and at Ashland, Ivy. 

May 30. — A brigade of Union troops re-en- 
tered and occupied Front Royal, Va. — A fight 
took place at Booneville and Tuscumbia Creek, 
Miss. — Evacuation of Corinth, Miss. 

May 31.— The first battle of Fair Oaks, Va., 
sometimes called the battle of the Chickahom- 
iny. About 10 o'clock a. m. the rebels attacked 
the Union advance under General Casey, which 
had been thrown across the river and over- 
powered the division, which was forced to give 
way, losing camp, boats, etc. Reinforcements 
under Generals Couch and Hentzelman checked 
the rebel advance and, later in the day. Gen- 
erals Kearney, Richard,son and Sedgwick's 
forces, arriving on the scene of action, the 
rebel troops were driven back with great 
slaughter. Darkness ended the day's confiict 
which was renewed at daybreak and continued 
until near sunset of the next day. Four bril- 
liant bayonet charges were made by the Union 
troops, in one of which the enemy were driven 
a mile over the swampy ground. Effective use 
was made of a balloon held in position 2,000 
feet in mid air, from which, by means of a 
telegraph wire. General McCIellan was informed 
of everything which transpired during the 
battle. Twelve hundred rebel dead were left 
on the field and the total confederate loss was 
admitted to be 8,000 in killed, wounded and 
missing, including five generals, General Joe 
Johnston himself, being among the wounded; 
ofticial reports gave the Union loss at 800 
killed, 3,627 wounded and 1,217 missing and 
prisoners, besides several pieces of artillery. 
The Union troops maintained their position. — 
A skirmish took place at Neosho, Mo., and 
Wa.shington, N. C. 

May 31. — A Union cavalry force under Colo- 
nel Elliott, sent by General Pope to Barnesville, 
Miss., captured eight locomotives and 26 cars 



38 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



loaded with rebel supplies, 10,000 stand of arms 
and a number of prisoners, who were paroled. 
— Little Rock, Ark., was occupied by the Union 
troops, the governor and legislature fleeing in 
haste. — General Banks again advanced into the 
Shenandoah Valley, passing through Martins- 
burg and capturing several small parties of 
confederates south of that place. 

.June 1. — General Fremont's advance over- 
took the retreating rebels under .Jackson near 
Strasburg, Va., and, after some skirmishing, 
occupied the town, the Union loss in killed and 
wounded being 12. — An unsuccessful attack on 
a rebel battery of rifled guns at Grand Gulf, 
Miss., was made by a part of Farragut's fleet. — 
Movements at Seabrook, S. C, and at Pig 
Point, Va. 

June 2. — General Wool was transferred to 
the Department of Maryland with headquarters 
at Baltimore, General Dix, (U. S. V.) who had 
formerly been stationed at Baltimore, being 
appointed to the command of a corps including 
the fortress. — Activities at Bunker Hill, V^a. 

June 3. — General Sigel assumed command 
at Harper's Ferry. — Skirmish at Legare's Point, 
S. C. 

June 4. — A report was received from General 
Pope, announcing his pursuit of the retreating 
rebel forces south of Corinth, Miss., and the 
capture of a large number of prisoners and 
arms ; the rebel Beauregard, however, in his 
oflicial report, denied having met with any 
serious loss. — A body of Union troops, under 
General Benham landed on James Island, S. C; 
some opposition was encountered and a rebel 
force was discovered of more than 20,000. — 
Union troops under General Negley defeated 
the rebels under General Adams near Jasper, 
Tenn., capturing 25 prisoners and killing and 
wounding 12. — Skirmish at Blacklands, Miss. 

June 5. — After bombardment, the rebels 
evacuated and burned Fort Pillow on the Mis- 



sissippi, thus opening the river to the passage 
of Union gunboats towards the South. — A com- 
parative panic seized upon Memphis, Tenn., 
with the -advance of the Union troops; a large 
quantity of cotton was burned on the Missis- 
sippi shore above the city and, at a massmeet- 
ing of the citizens, resolutions favoring surren- 
der were adopted. — Skirmish at Trouter"s Creek, 
N. C. 

June 6. — About daybreak, eight rebel gun- 
boats which had left Memphis attacked a Union 
flotilla. One hour's fight ensued. Several of 
the attacking fleet were sunk, the rebel crews 
in more than one instance, preferring to go 
down with their boats to a surrender which 
they considered disgraceful. On the Union 
side, the onl}' serious casualty was the mortal 
wounding of Col. Charles Ellett. At the con- 
clusion of the naval engagement, flag-oflicer 
Davis demanded the unconditional surrender 
of the city of Memphis which demand was at 
once complied with by the authorities. — A 
small force of rebels at Harrodsburg, Va., was 
routed by a detachment of General Fremont's 
Corps. — A skirmish occurred at Harrisonburg, 
Va. 

June 7. — Commodore Farragut's squadron 
fi'om the lower Mississippi arrived at Vicks- 
burg. Miss., where it was joined by Porter's 
mortar fleet which had descended the river. — 
The rebel batteries at Chattanooga, Tenn., were 
silenced by General Mitchell's advance. — By 
order of Major-General Butler, William B. 
Mumford was hung in New Orleans for hauling 
down the American flag. — California volun- 
teers under General Carleton, arrived at Tuc- 
son, having occupied all the Arizona forts with- 
out resistance, the works having been evacu- 
ated by the rebels several days previous ; Gen- 
eral Carleton was appointed military governor 
of the new territory. 

June S. — Another attack was made on the 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



39 



rebel batterj^ at Grand Gulf, Miss., by a 2iortion 
of Farragut's squadron, the battery being .sil- 
enced. — A battle was fought at Cross Keys, Va., 
between the rear of Stonewall Jackson's rebel 
force and a portion of the command of Fremont 
in which the former was defeated with con- 
siderable loss ; the Union loss was 125 killed 
and nearly 400 wounded. 

June 9. — While en route to co-operate with 
Fremont, Shields, with 3,500 soldiers was at- 
tacked and defeated bj^ about 16,000 rebels un- 
der General Jackson at Port Republic, Ya. 
Shields made good his retreat but the loss on 
both sides was heavy ; the reported Union loss 
was 67 killed, 361 wo'unded, 574 missing while 
the rebel loss was believed to be about the 
same. — Union troops occupied Grand Junction, 
Miss., about 41 miles west of Corinth, the forces 
of Beauregard having retreated through Gun- 
town. — A skirraisli took place at Baldwin, Miss. 

June 10. — In an engagement on -James 
Island, S. C, the Union troops defeated the 
rebels, the loss being about 17 on both sides in 
killed and wounded.— A skirmish took place 
at Monterey, Ky. 

June 12.— In a skirmish near Village Creek, 
Ark., the force under Colonel Brackett defeated 
tlie rebels under Captain Hooker ; 13 Union 
soldiers were wounded, the rebel loss being 28 
in killed, wounded and prisoners.— -At Mount 
Jackson, W. Va., military movements occurred. 

June 13. — A rebel battery near St. Charles, 
Ark., was captured by a Union gunboat expedi- 
tion from Memphis. A rebel shot exploded a 
boiler on the gunboat Mound City, the vessel 
being destroyed and only 50 out of a crew of 
175 were rescued ; 125 rebels were killed and 
wounded and 30 prisoners taken. — The rebels 
cut the railroad and telegraph at White House 
in the rear of General McClellan's command. — 
A skirmish took place at Old Church, Va. 

June. 14. — Three several attempts were made 



by the Union forces to dislodge the rebels from 
their intrenched position on James Island, S. C, 
but the assailants were finally repulsed with a 
loss of over 600 in killed, wounded and missing. 
The attacK was led by General Benham, the de- 
fense being conducted by Colonel Lamar. — A 
skirmish took place atTunistall Station, Va. 

June 15. — Three hours skirmishing took 
place in front of the division of Sumner ; mys- 
terious rebel movements were observed in front 
of the position of McClellan, and rumors were 
rife of a rebel advance from Richmond towards 
Frederick.sburg with the design of marching on 
Washington. — Action at Secessionville, S. C. 

June 17. — Union troops, belonging to the 
command of Halleck occupied Holly Springs, 
Miss. — A skirmish took place at White River, 
St. Charles, Ark., and at Warrensburg, Mo. 

June 18. — Skirmi.shing all along the line 
before Richmond, which was continued through 
the following day. — Union forces occupied Cum- 
berland Gap. — Near Smithville, Ark., Union 
forces under Major Zeley defeated the rebels 
under Captain Jones, wounding four and cap- 
turing 15 prisoners ; the Union loss was three 
killed and four wounded. — A skirmish took 
place on the Williamsburg road, Va. — Activities 
occurred at Manchac, La. 

June 20.-6,000 Union troops left Norfolk, 
Va. — President Lincoln signed the bill forever 
prohibiting slavery in the territories. 

June 21. — A skirmish occurred at Battle 
Creek, Tenn. 

June 22. — Military movements occurred at 
Cold Water, Miss., and at Raceland, La. 

June 24. — An action occurred at Bolivar, Va. 

June 25. — On this date the seven days fight- 
ing before Richmond commenced and a brief 
.synop.sis is given. The advance of Hooker's 
forces resulted in the battle of Oak Grove in 
which the Union loss was 200 ; the confed- 
erate pickets were withdrawn half a mile nearer 



40 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Richmond. June 26tli, the rebels under Jack- 
son attacked McCall's division near Meclianics- 
ville and forced tlie Union troops to retire to tlie 
Chickahoniiny. June 27tli, the rebel advance 
on Gaines' Mills was repulsed, the Union troops 
under Porter pushing to the south side of the 
Chickahominy and joining the main body of 
McClellan's army. The Union loss was more 
than 1,500. June 29th, fighting was renewed 
at a point between the battle field of Fair Oaks 
and Peach Orchard Stati' n. The fighting lasted 
five hours with terrible carnage and the Union 
troops fell back from Peach Orchard. While 
weakened by fatigue, the}' were attacked near 
Savage Station by a large and fresh body of 
rebels. The exhausted troops repulsed the 
attack and made several gallant charges. June 
30th saw the commencement of the battle of 
White Oak Swamp or Glendale, which continued 
nearly the wliole day. The artillery firing was 
very effective. The Union troops fell back to 
the James River where the Union gunboats 
opened fire on the rebels. July 1st closed the 
figiitiug, the last battle taking place at Malvern 
Hill and lasting about two hours. The rebels 
were repulsed at every point and the base of 
ojjerations of the Union army was removed to 
the James River. The total Union loss in the 
seven days before Richmond was 15,224. 

June 25. — Slight actions occurred at Ger- 
mantowu, Tenn., and at Little Red River, Ark. 
— General Grant was placed in command of 
Western Tennessee. 

June 26. — Battle of Mechanicsville, Va. — The 
rebels burned several of their gunboats on the 
Mississippi. 

June 27. — Battle of Gaines' Mills, Va. — A 
skirmish took place at Village Creek, Ark., in 
which the Union force of Colonel Brackett lost 
two killed and 31 wounded. — ^A portion of the 
lower Mississippi fleet attacked and passed the 
rebel batteries at Vicksburg, Miss., losing 50 in 



killed and wounded. — Petitions were offered by 
the governors of 18 loyal States to the Pi'esident 
to call out more troops for the speedy suppres- 
sion of the rebelli(ni. — Skirmishes took pLice at 
William's Bridge, La., at White House, V^a., at 
Powhattan, and Moorefield, W. Y&. 

June 28. — Action on Golden's Farm. 

June 29. — Battle of Peach Orchard Station, 
^'a., and Savage Station. — Skirmishes at Willis' 
Church. 

June 30. — Actions occurred at Luray, ^'a., at 
Fort Darling and Bottom's Bridge. 

July 1. — A cavalry skirmish without results 
occurred near Boonesville, Miss., and an action 
took -place at Morning Sun and Russellville, 
Tenn. 

July 2. — A cavalry action occurred at Mil- 
ford, Va. 

July 3. — City Point, Va., which had been 
made a shelter for rebel sharpshooters, was de- 
stroyed by the Union forces and a skirmish 
took place at Elvington Heights, Va. 

July 4. — -Activities on the James River in 
which a detachment of McClelland's command 
captured three small batteries and a rebel gun- 
boat was taken the same day.— A cavalry action 
took place at Grand Haze, Ark. — Maine cavalry 
engaged in an action at Sperryville, ^'^a. 

July 6. — At Grand Prairie, Ark., a slight 
skirmish took place. — At Bayou Cache, Ark., a 
Union force under Colonel Hovey, and a force 
of Texans under Albert Pike engaged in an 
action which had been brought on by a rebel 
attack on the Union force descending the White 
River and the assaulting party was routed with 
heavy loss. 

July 8.— Burnside united his command with 
that of McClellan. — A skirmiish took place at 
Black River, Mo. 

July 9. — Hawkin's Zouaves with the aid of 
LTnion gunboats captured Hamilton, N. C. — 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



41 



Skirmishes took place at Aberdeen, Ark., and 
Tompkinsville, Ky. 

July 10.— An action occurred at Scatterville, 
Ark. 

July 11. — General Curtis' troops reached 
Helena, Ark. — Active movements took place at 
New Hope, Ky., and at Pleasant Hill, Mo. 

July 12. — Butler confiscated 5,000 negroes 
employed by the rebels on the Vicksburg 
canal. — At Fairmount, Mo., at Lebanon, Ky., 
and Culpepper, Va., military movements were 
in progress. 

July 13. — A rebel attack on Murfreesboro, 
Tenn., was made by about 4,000 rebel guerrillas' 
which resulted in the surrender of a Michigan 
regiment and the loss of a large number of 
Union soldiers ; $30,000 worth of Union arms 
and stores were destroyed by the guerrillas 
whose loss was proportionately heavy. Gener- 
als Crittenden and Duffield were captured. — An 
action took place at Fairfax, Va. 

July 14. — Pope assumed command of the 
Army of Virginia — John Morgan's guerrillas 
captured Cynthiana, Ky. — Miller's Union caval- 
ry routed the rebels near Fayetteville, Ark., with 
heavy loss. — A skirmish took place at Batesville, 
Ark. 

July 15. — General Blunt's troops defeated 
the rebels in Indian Territory. — The rebel iron 
clad, Arkansas, escaped the blockade of the 
Yazoo River and ran the gauntlet of the Union 
fleet on the Mississippi, taking refuge under the 
rebel batteries of Vicksburg; she threw a shell 
on the Tyler and killed several ^Wisconsin sol- 
diers. 

July 17. — A detachment from Pope's com- 
mand occupied Gordonsville, Va. — Activities at 
Cynthiana, Ky. 

July 18. — Actions took place at Newberg and 
Columbia, Tenn. — Near Memphis, Mo., the 
' rebels were defeated in a skirmish. — An action 
took place at Trenton, Tenn. 



July 19. — Activities occurred at Booneville, 
Miss. 

July 22. — The canal at Vicksburg not prov- 
ing a success, the siege of the city was aband- 
oned to await the rise of the water in the fall. 
— A raid was niade into Florence, Ala., by rebel 
guerrillas. — Arrangements were made on the 
James River for the exchange of prisoners. — 
At Florida, Mo., the rebels defeated the Union 
troops under Major Caldwell and inflicted a loss 
of 26 men. — Movements occurred at Carmel 
Church and on the North Anna River, Va. — 
In a skirmisli near Decatur, Ala., the rebels were 
defeated, losing 40 killed and wounded. — Active 
movements occured at Sumnersville, Va., and a 
skirmish took jdace at Trinity, Ala. 

July 25. — A skirmish took place near Orange 
C. H., in whichthecommandof General Gibson 
inflicted a loss of 17 in killed and wounded on 
the rebels. — In a skirmish at Sante Fe, N. M., 
the 3rd Iowa Cavalry were engaged and skirm- 
ishes took place on Cortland Bridge, Ala., at 
Big Piney and Mountain Stone, Mo. 

July 26. — Movements took place at Madison, 
Va., and Richmond, Ky. — In a skirmish at 
Young's Cross Roads, N. C, two regiments of 
infantry and cavalry engaged in a skirmish. — 
Military operations occured at Greenville. Mo., 
and Buckhannon, W. Va. 

July 27. — At the mouth of the Arkansas 
River a quantity of river boats were captured 
by Curtiss' command. — Near Bolivar, Tenn., 
Captain Dollins' force routed a body of rebels, 
capturing 13 with slight loss. — Iowa cavalry 
skirmislied at Brown's Springs, Mo., and mili- 
tary movements occurred at Beaver Dam, Va. 

July 28. — In a battle at Moore's Mills, Mo., 
the rebels were defeated with a loss of 52 killed 
and 100 wounded, most of whom were left on 
the field ;> the Union loss was about 40 in killed 
and wounded. — Grand Junction, Miss., was 



42 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



captured by the rebels. — Skirmishes took place 
at Bayou Bernard and Cherokee Nation. 

July 29. — At Brownsville, Tenn., Captain 
Dollin's command engaged in a fight and lost 
four killed and six wounded. — Humboldt, 
Tenn., was occupied by the rebels. — Skirmishes 
took place at Russellville, Ky., and movements 
were in progress at Luray, Va., and Bolinger's 
Mills, Mo. 

July 30. — A skirmish occurred at Paris, Ky. 

July 31. — Near Mount Sterling, Ky., an 
action took place in which 13 guerrillas were 
killed and 195 captured. — A gunboat action 
took place at Toggin's Point, Va. 

Aug. 1. — A skirmishing party from McClel- 
lan's command crossed the Potomac at Har- 
rison's landing and destroyed houses and woods 
whicli had sheltered rebel sharpshooters. — 
Skirmishes took place at Newark, Mo , and at 
Canton, Miss. 

Aug. 2. — Embarkation of Burnside's com- 
mand at Fortress Monroe for Acquia Creek, Va. 
— A reconnoitering expedition from Pope's com- 
mand occupied Orange C. H., Va., losing four 
killed and 12 wounded. — An indecisive action 
took place at Ozark, Mo. — A skirmish occurred 
in Coahoma county, Miss., in which the 11th 
Wisconsin was engaged. — At Austin, Miss., the 
8th Indiana were engaged. 

Aug. 3. — 4,000 Union troops attacked the 
rebels near Memphis, Tenn., and were defeated 
with heavy loss. — Arrival of Burnside's expedi- 
tion at Acquia Creek. — Halleck ordered McClel- 
lan to leave the Peninsula. — Skirmishes and 
other activities occurred at Chariton Bridge, 
Mo., at Jonesboro and L'Anguille Ferry, Ark., 
and in the latter the 1st Wisconsin Cavalry was 
engaged. 

Aug. 4. — Activities occurred near Alexan- 
dria, La., on the White River, Ark., and, at 
Sycamore Church, Va., a cavalry force was en- 
gaged in a skirmish.--A draft of 300,000 men 



to serve for nine months was ordered, and an- 
other draft to fill the preceding call for 300,000 
men. — Activities occurred at White Oak Swamp 
Bridge, Va., and Sparta, Tenn. 

Aug. 5. — A reconnoissance was made from 
Malvern Hill, Va., and another on the James 
River, which resulted in the withdrawal of the 
rebel fleet. — Near Baton Rouge, La., 7,000 rebels 
attacked 3,000 Lin ion troops under General 
Williams and retreated after six hours fighting 
with a loss of 600. — Near New Market, Ala., 
General Robert L. McCook, while bemg con- 
veyed in an ambulance, was attacked and shot 
and his death occurred the next day. 

Aug. 6. — The ram Arkansas was sunk by 
the Essex on the Mississippi River near Vicks- 
burg. — Stuart's troops captured 75 Union pris- 
oners near the Mattapony River, Va. — A por- 
tion of the Virginia Central railroad near 
Fredericksburg, with stores for the rebel army, 
was destroyed by a detachment from Burn- 
side's command. — Movements near Monticello, 
Mo., and at Beach Creek, Va., and Taswell, 
Tenn. — The 3rd Wisconsin engaged in a skir- 
mish at Montevallo, Mo. 

Aug. 7. — A skirmish occurred near Wolf- 
town, Va., and the rebels crossed the Rapidan 
at Bennett's Ford. — At Kirkville, Mo., a Union 
victory was obtained by the Union troops under 
Colonel McNeill.— The force of Colonel Faulk- 
ner routed the rebels near Trenton, Tenn., kill- 
ing 20 and wounding three. — At Fort Filmore, 
N. M., General Canby's troops worsted the 
rebels. — Orders were issued by Secretary Stan- 
ton for the arrest of persons interfering with 
enlistments ; he also prohibited persons liable 
to draft from leaving the country, their county 
or State and the same order suspended the writ 
of habeas corpus in such cases. — At Huntsville, 
Ala., General Rosseau ordered the arrest of 12 
prominent secessionists, one of whom was placed 
on board each Union military train on account 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



43 



of such trains being fired into by the rebels. — 
A rebel attack occurred at Portland, Mo., and a 
skirmish took place at Pantlier Creek, Mo. 

Aug. 9. — The rebels under Jackson, after 
two days march from the Rapidan, attacked 
the Union troops under Banks near Cedar 
Mountain, Va. The rebel advance was rapid 
and the mountain sides were soon occupied. 
About five o'clock p. m., the rebels pushed for- 
ward in strong force. Banks advancing to meet 
them and, by six o'clock the engagement had 
become general. The battle was very severe 
and lasted for over an hour and a half, when 
it was terminated by darkness, although a 
desultory artillery fire continued throughout 
the night. General Banks barely maintained 
his position but, at daylight on the following 
morning, the rebels fell back two miles and the 
attack was not resumed. The Union lo.ss was 
about 1,500 in killed, wounded and missing, 
including 200 prisoners, among the latter 
being General Prince and among the wounded 
Generals Augur and Geary. The rebel loss 
was equally heavy. — Rear Admiral Farragut 
destroyed Donaldsonville, La., the rebels hav- 
ing fired on the Union vessels from the shelter 
of the liouses. — Movement took place at Cul- 
pepper, Va. — A rebel attack by General Stevens 
on General De Courcey, took place at Tazewell, 
Tenn., and was repulsed with heavy loss to the 
assailants. The Union loss was three killed, 
15 wounded and 57 prisoners. — Skirmishes 
took place at Stockton, Mo. 

Aug. 10. — An action took place at Neuces, 
Texas. 

Aug. 11. — At Kinderhook, Tenn., Colonel 
McGowan's force had a skirmish with the rebels 
under Anderson, killing seven and capturing 
27 prisoners. — At Compton's Ferry, Mo., a 
skirmish took place. — At Clarendon, Ark., Gen- 
eral Hovey with six regiments defeated a supe- 
rior rebel force, capturing 600 and the loss of 



life on both sides was heavy. — From Corinth, 
Miss., General Grant issued an order prohibit- 
ing the return of fugitive slaves. — General But- 
ler at New Orleans, by order, confiscated the 
property of John Slidell, rebel envoy to France, 
and disarmed all male citizens. — Skirmishes 
took place at Taborville, Ark., and at Indepen- 
dence, Mo., and Salisbury, Tenn.— The 2nd 
Wisconsin Cavalry skirmished at and about 
Helena, Ark. 

Aug. 12.— Near Gallatin, Tenn., Union troops 
under Colonel Miller defeated the band of the 
guerrilla, Morgan, killing six and wounding 
many. — General .Jackson's command, having 
fallen back after the battle of Cedar Mountain, 
a body of Pope's cavalry under Buford started 
in pursuit and on 

Aug. 13. — An indecisive skirmish occurred 
not far from Cedar Mountain. — Rebel guerrillas 
under (^uantrell and Hughes took posses.sion 
of Independence, Mo., and Morgan's raiders 
were again beaten near Williamsport, Tenn. — 
In a steamboat collision on the Potomac, 80 
Union soldiers were lost. — Activities took place 
at Swansboro, N. C, and also at Clarendon, 
Ark. — Draft ordered to begin Sept. 1st. 

Aug. 14. — General Breckenridge, by order of 
^'an Dorn of the rebel army, threatened to raise 
the black flag. — The entire army of the Poto- 
mac was in motion under McClellan to evacu- 
ate the peninsula. 

Aug. 15. — At Merriweather's Landing, Tenn., 
Union troops under Colonel T. W. Harris, de- 
feated a force of rebels under Captain Banfield, 
killing and wounding 20 and capturing 9 pris- 
oners. — By General Order No. 107, issued from 
the U. S. War Department " no officer or pri- 
ate soldier might, without proper authority, 
leave his colors or ranks to take private pro- 
perty or enter a private house under penalty of 
death." 

Aug. 16. — An engagement took place at 



44 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Lone Jack, Mo., between tlie Union forces under 
Major Foster and the rebels, the former's loss 
being 160 in killed and wounded and the lat- 
ter's 110. — Union garrison at Baton Rouge was 
withdrawn. — The evacuation of Harrison's 
Landing, Va., was completed by McClellan's 
army, his retreat having been concealed by 
false feints ; his advance (on the retreat) reached 
Williamsburg, Va., and, on the following day, 
Hampton, Va., by which time his rear guard 
had safely crossed the Chickahoniinj'. — The 1st 
Lousiana Infantry (Union) was organized at 
New Orleans. — Skirmishes occurred at Haines 
Bluff, Miss., and Hopkinsville, Ky. 

Aug. 18. — A guerrilla force under Morgan cut 
off railroad communication with the North. — 
The 58th and 76th Ohio Infantry captured the 
rebel steamer Fair Play at Milliken's Bend, La. 
— At Red Wood, Minn., a company of the 5th 
Minnesota Infantry was massacred by Indians. 

Aug. 19.— At Clarksville, Tenn., the 71st 
Ohio, Colonel Rodney Mason commanding, 
surrendered to an inferior force of rebels with- 
out firing a gun ; the officers were held re- 
sponsible. — In an action near Hickman, Ky., a 
rebel force was defeated with a loss of four 
kdled and 19 captured ; the 2d Illinois Cavalry 
were engaged and two soldiers were wounded. 
— Skirmish at Rienzi, Miss. 

Aug. 20. — A Union force under Major Price 

■ routed the rebels near Union Mills, Mo. -At 

Edgefield .Junction, Tenn., a troop of Morgan's 

guerrillas were defeated. — An important cavalry 

fight occurred at Brandy Station, Va. 

Aug. 21. — At Pinckney Island, S. C, a skirm- 
ish took place in which tiie Union force lost 10 
killed and wounded and 32 prisoners. — The 
army under Rosecrans left Corinth for luka. — 
In a fight with Indians at Fort Ridgely, Minn., 
two companies of the 5th Minnesota and the 
Renville Rangers were engaged at intervals for 
two days. — The cavalry of the Army of Vir- 



ginia engaged in an action at Kelley's Ford, 
Va.— Military movements occurred at Bowling 
Green, Ky. 

Aug. 22.— Near Gallatin, Ky., 800 Union 
troops under General Johnson attacked a large 
force of Morgan's cavalry and were defeated ; 
100 Union soldiers were killed, 64 wounded and 
so many taken prisoners that scarcely one half 
the force returned to their rendezvous. — Arrival 
of McClellan's command at Alexandria. — The 
42nd Illinois engaged in a skirmish at Cort- 
land, Tenn. — At Crab Orchard, Ky., the 9th 
Pennsylvania Cavalry engaged in an action. 

Aug. 23. — Artillery firing along the Rappa- 
hannock induced General Pope to fall back. — 
A skirmish took place at Catlett's Station, Va. — 
Skirmishes occurred at Big Hill, Ky., and the 
actions on the Rappahannock were at Waterloo 
Bridge, Lee's Springs, Freeman's Ford and 
Sulphur Springs, Va., and the latter actions 
covered three days. 

Aug. 24. — Military actions took place at La- 
mar, Dallas, and Cape Girardeau, Mo. 

Aug. 25. — A rebel attack on Fort Donelson, 
Tenn., was repulsed by four companies of the 
71st Ohio Infantry and the 5th Iowa Cavalry. — 
At Bloomfield, Mo., the ISth Illinois Cavalry 
was engaged in a skirmish. — At New Ulm, 
Minn., an Indian fight occurred and military 
movements took place at Shelby Farm, Va. ; 
the former continued two days to Aug. 26. — 
The rebels under Ewell, numbering 10.000, 
drove in the Union pickets at Manassas Junc- 
tion, overpowered the force at Bull Run Bridge 
and pushed on towards Alexandria. — Rebel 
works destroyed at City Point, Va. — An action 
occui-red at Cumberland Iron works, Tenn., in 
which the 71st Ohio Infantry and 5th Iowa 
Cavalry were engaged. — A cavalry engagement 
took place at Madisonville and Harrodsburg, 
Ky., and another cavalry fight occurred at 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



45 



Rienzi and Kossuth, Miss., in wliich the 2n(i 
Iowa and 7th Kansas Cavahy were engaged. 

Aug. 27. — Pope marclied northward from 
Warrenton Junction and Iiis forces, wliich had 
been joined by Hooker's division, encountered 
Ewell at Kettle Run. Tiie fighting continued 
until dark and a Union victory resulted. — A 
skirmish took place at Battle Creek, Tenn., and 
at Waterford, Mi.ss.— The 33rd Ohio Infantry 
engaged in a skirmish at Fort McCook, Ala. 

Aug. 28. — At Readyville, Tenn., the command 
of Colonel Murphy defeated the rebels under 
Forrest. — Near Centerville, Va., an attack by the 
rebels under Jackson on the troops under Mc- 
Dowell and Sigel was repulsed with a loss of 
many prisoners and heavy casualties in killed 
and wounded. — A cavalry fight took place at 
Shady Springs, Va. — A movement occurred at 
Hernando, Miss. 

Aug. 29. — Second battle of Groveton and 
Gainesville, Va. An advance was made on the 
troops of Jackson and Longstreet by those of 
General Sigel. The engagement became gen- 
eral about half past six in the morning and 
before noon the Union position became critical, 
when the commands of Kearney and Reno ar- 
rived and in the afternoon the force of Hooker 
arrived and at six at night the victory was with 
the Union troops, the enemy falling back after 
having lost heavily and inflicting severe loss. — 
On this date the battle of Richmond, Va., begun. 
General Monson's brigade, Army of the Ohio, 
attempted to check the advance of the rebels 
under Kirby Smith and a two days battle 
ensued ; the fighting on August 29th was favor- 
able to the Union force ; the action of the second 
daj' resulted in the withdrawal of the Union 
force with a loss of 200 killed, 700 wounded 
and 2,000 prisoners, the estimated rebel loss 
being 750 in killed and wounded. — Two com- 
panies of the 18th Ohio and one of the 9th 



Indiana engaged in a .skirmish at Manchester, 
Tenn. 

Aug. 30.— Second battle of Bull Run. The 
troops of Heintzelman, Porter, McDowell and 
Banks under Pope, were engaged with the 
whole rebel armj^ under Lee on the historic 
field of Bull Run and were defeated, the Union 
loss being 800 killed, 4,000 wounded and 2,000 
prisoners ; the rebel loss in killed and wounded 
being 3,700.— Near Bolivar, Tenn., a Union 
force under Colonel Leggett engaged 400 rebel 
cavalry, and for seven hours the Union troops 
repulsed every charge. They were reinforced 
and the rebels withdrew, the Union troops also 
falling back within their picket lines. The 
Union loss was five killed, IS wounded and 64 
missing. — A hot action took place at McMinn- 
ville, Tenn., and at Buckhannon, Va. 

Aug. 31. — Bayou Sarah, La., was burned by 
the crew of the Essex, the inhabitants having 
fired on the vessel. — Activities occurred at 
Weston, W. Va., and at Stevenson, Ala. ; the 
94th Ohio was engaged at Yates' Ford, Ky., 
and, at Toomb's Station, Tenn., the 54th Illi- 
nois and 7th Missouri had a fight. 

Sept. 1. — A rebel attack was made on Ger- 
mantown, A^a., which was repulsed and a simi- 
lar affair at Chantilly met with a similar result ; 
the fig4iling in both places was very severe, 
General Kearney was killed and General 
Stevens and the rebels were driven a mile, leav-' 
ing theii- dead and wounded. — At Britton's 
Lane, Tenn., the force of Colonel Dennis fought 
the rebels four hours, whose total loss was 400 ; 
the Union loss was five killed, 78 wounded and 
92 missing. — Burnside's army evacuated Fred- 
ericksburg, \'a. — The Union forces evacuated 
Lexington, Ky. — A rebel attack on Louisville 
was anticipated and tlie alarm in Cincinnati 
and Covington, Ky., was great; the entire male 
population of the latter place was organized 
into companies for service under General Lew 



46 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Wallace. — Near Natchez, Miss., a series of 
movements were commenced which occupied 
16 days, and a skirmish took place at Paris, Ky. 

Sept. 2. — In a skirmish near Plymouth, N. 
C, the rebels were defeated. — Near Slaughters- 
ville, Ky., a cavalry force gained a Union vic- 
tory.— A cavalry skirmish took place at Mor- 
gansville, Ky. — The 1st Minnesota was in- 
volved in a skirmish at Vienna, Va. 

Sept. 3. — All the troops of tlie Army of A'^ir- 
ginia were brought within McClellan's lines. 
Pope submitted the report of his campaign, 
blaming several of his subordinates for his de- 
feat and asking to be relieved of his command ; 
he was assigned to the Department of the North- 
west. — Indian fights occurred at Acton and 
Hutchinson, Minn., and also at Fort Abercrom- 
bie, D. T. — A cavalry action took place at Geiger 
Lake, Ky. 

Sept. 4. — The northward movement of Lee's 
troops commenced, his army crossing the Poto- 
mac near Poolsville, Md., in force, and Governor 
Curtin called out the militia force of Pennsyl- 
vania to repel the invasion of that State. — 
Kirby Smith at Lexington, Ky., ordered the 
acceptance of the confederate money at face 
value. — At Cumberland Gap, Tenn., a rebel 
defeat occurred. 

Sept. 5. — McClellan's forces moved, from 
Washington to the upper Potomac on the Mary- 
land side. 

Sept. 6. — The advance of Lee's army reached 
Frederick, Md. — At Washington, N. C, the 
Union garrison was surprised and the attacking 
party was driven out, the Union loss being 
eight killed and 36 wounded, and the rebel loss 
being five times as great. During the engage- 
ment, the magazine of a LTnion gunboat ex- 
ploded, killing and wounding 18. — In an action 
near Martinsburg, Va., a Union victory occurred 
and 50 rebels were captured. — Buell's troops, 
numbering 24,000, occupied Nashville, Tenn., 



in anticipation of the rebel force under General 
Hood, which was moving northward. — Clarkes- 
ville, Tenn., was retaken and 15,000 rebels 
driven out. — Union troops occupied Covington 
and Newport, Ky., preparatory to the defense of 
Cincinnati.— The Alabama captvired the Oc- 
mulgee, her first victory as a privateer. — The 
1st New York Cavalry engaged in a skirmish at 
Cacapon Bridge, Va. — A cavalry fight occurred 
at LaGrange, Ark. — At Olathe, Mo., and at Chap- 
mansville, W. Va., skirmishes took place. 

Sept. 7. —General Banks was assigned to the 
command of the fortifications around Wash- 
ington and McClellan took the field at the head 
of the army of the Potomac. — The rebels 
occupied Frederick, Md., in force. — Acquia 
Creek, Va., was evacuated by the Union troops. 
— At Martinsburg, Va., a rebel attack was made 
on General White and repulsed with heavy loss. 
The Union loss was two killed and 10 wounded. 
— Rebels captured Shepherds ville, Ky., taking 
85 Union prisoners. — Tlie 3rd Indiana and 8th 
Illinois Cavalry engaged in a skirmish at Poole.«- 
ville, Md.— At Clarkesville, Tenn., the 11th 
Illinois, 13th Wisconsin, 71st Ohio Infantry, 
with the 5th Iowa Cavalry and two batteries 
engaged in a fight.— The army of McClellan 
reached Rockville, Md. 

Sept. 9. — Stuart's cavalry received a repulse 
at Edward's Ferry, Va., with a loss of 90 men. — 
An unsuccessful attempt was made by the rebels 
to capture Williamsburg, Va. — The 42nd Illinois 
engaged in a skirmish at Columbia, Tenn. — 
A cavalry action took place at Nolansville, Md., 
and a fight occurred at Des Allemands, La. 

Sept. 10.— At Fayette C. H., W. Va., 5,000 
rebels attacked the Union garrison, who cut 
their way through and escaped, losing 100 in 
killed and wounded. — Gauley Bridge, Va., was 
evacuated by the Union troops. — The gunboat 
Essex bombarded Natchez in retaliation for 
having been fired into and the city surrendered. 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



47 



— Colonel Griersoii's men attacked the Union 
force near Coldwater, Miss., and inflicted a loss 
of four killed and 30 wounded. 

Sept. 11. — Pennsylvania militia occupied the 
Cumberland valley in Pennsylvania and Mary- 
land. — New Market, Va., and Sugar Loaf Mount- 
ain, Md., were occupied by Union troops. — 
Rebels took posession of Hagerstown, Md., 
Maysville, Ky., and Bloomfield, Mo. — Activities 
took place at Cotton Hill, W. Va., and Ridge- 
ville. — Business in Cincinnati was suspended 
and citizens were in readiness for military duty, 
rebel movements in Kenton County, Ky., caus- 
ing much apprehension. 

Sept. 12. — McClellan's advance entered Fred- 
erick, Md. — A sharp fight occurred near Middle- 
town, Md., the Union loss being 80. — West- 
minster, Md., was abandoned by the rebels. — 
Bloomfield, Mo., was retaken by the Union 
troops. — A military movement took place at 
Charlestown, W. V^a., which was evacuated by 
the Union forces, the ofticer in command being 
unable to hold the position on account of the 
withdrawal of the forces to aid in the expulsion 
of the rebels from Maryland. — Colonel Ford 
abondoned his position at Maryland Heights. 
— The rebels demanded a surrender of Mun- 
fordsville, Ky. — An action took place at New- 
tonia and at Palmyra, Mo. 

Sept. 14. — Capture of Harper's Ferry by the 
rebels, Colonel Miles surrendering the garrison, 
comprising 11,000 prisoners and a large amount 
of arms and ammunition, the commandant 
being killed. — McClellan's army overtook the 
rebels at South Mountain, Md.; Burkettsville 
Gap was occupied and, in the action which 
ensued, the loss on both sides was very heavy, 
the Union army losing 443 killed and 1,806 
wounded; the rebel loss was 500 killed, 2,343 
wounded and 1,500 prisoners. — The advance of 
Longstreet reached Boonesboro, Md. — Mun- 
fordsville, Ky., surrendered to the rebels, the gar- 



ri.son of 4,000 defending the place until the 
ammunition was exhausted. — Three New Eng- 
land regiments engaged in an action at Pon- 
chatoula. La.— Activities took place at Bacon 
Creek, Ky., at Fayette, W. Va., and at Bolivar, 
Va. 

Sept. 15. — Rebel pursuit at Boonesboro, Md. 
— The rebels in front of Cincinnati fell back to 
Florence, Ky. — 8,000 rebels attempted to de- 
stroy the railroad bridge across the Green 
River, and were repulsed after 20 hours fight- 
ing with heavy loss. — Actions took place at 
Shelburne, Mo., and Paris, Ky. 

Sept. 17. — Battle of Antietam. The forces en- 
gaged on each side numbered about 100,000 
men ; the fighting began about daylight and 
raged until dark, the rebels being driven late 
in the day and during the night they retreated. 
General Mansfield was killed and Richardson 
and Rodman were .seriously wounded. Hooker, 
Meagher, Hartsuff, Sumner, Sedgwick, French, 
Ricketts, Dana and Dur\'ea were wounded. Mc- 
Clellan's report made the Union loss 2,010 killed, 
9,416 wounded and 1,043 missing. He placed 
the rebel loss at more than 25,000. The rebels 
lost 40 flags and 13 guns, and no Union flag or 
gun was captured by the rebels. — Kirby Smith 
retired his foi'ces from Florence, Ky., to join 
General Bragg and a slight skirmish occurred. 
— In a skirmish at Falmouth, Ky., one 
Union soldier was wounded. — A rebel defeat oc- 
curred near Burhamville, Tenn. — Cumberland 
Gap, Tenn., was evacuated by the Union troops, 
who rendered the gap impassable before leav- 
ing it. — Kilpatrick defeated the rebels at Lees- 
burg, Va. — Active movements took place at St. 
Johns, Fla., and at Goose Creek, Va. 

Sept. 18. — Rebel evacuation of Sharpesburg, 
Md. — The citizens of Hagerstown, Md., assisted 
in burying the dead on the field of Antietam. 

Sept. 19. — The rebels evacuated Harper's 
Ferry, leaving 300 sick and wounded, and de- 



48 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



stroyiiig all government stores. — Rebel defeat 
at Owensburg, Ky. — Military action at Hickory 
Grove, Mo. 

Sept. 19. — Late iu the afternoon Rosecrans 
attacked Price south of luka, Miss., and a 
sharp fight followed. The fighting was re- 
sumed in the morning and resulted in a Union 
victory. The Union loss was 135 killed and 
507 wounded.— Near Shirley's Ford, Mo., the 
Union troops under Colonel Ritchie defeated 
the rebels, who lost about 60 in killed and 
wounded. 

Sept. 20. — Actions occurred at Sheppard- 
town, Va., Helena, Ark., and Williamsport, Md. 
— At Bolivar, Miss., the Queen of the West 
with several transports and tlie 33rd Illinois 
regiment, engaged in an action. 

Sept. 21.— At Blackford's Ford, Va., a con- 
siderable action occurred. Colonel Barnes 
commanding a brigade, crossed the Potomac 
without orders and, being attacked by a super- 
ior force of rebels, was forced to retire, sustain- 
ing a loss of about 50 in killed and wounded 
and missing. — Union cavalry under Colonel 
McCook drove the rebels out of Munfordsville 
Ky., and occupied the place. — At Shepherds- 
ville, Ky., Colonel Granger defeated the rebels, 
killing five and capturing 28. — A cavalry skir- 
mish occurred at Cassville, Mo. 

Sept. 22. — President Lincoln issued the 
Emancipation Proclamation. — General Nelson, 
in command of Louisville, Ky., ordered the 
women and children to leave the city iu antici- 
pation of rebel attack and declared martial law. 
— The rebels were defeated at Sturgeon, Mo., by 
the Union force under Captain Cunningham. 
— Colonel R. B. Price's troops defeated Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Green's rebel force at Ashley's Gap, 
Va., capturing three prisoners, among them 
the commander. 

Sept. 23. — The 55th Ohio Infantry engaged 
in an action at Wolf Creek Bridge, Miss. — An 



action occurred at Sutton, Va. — Minnesota 
troops engaged in a fight at Wood Lake, Minn. 

Sept. 24. — General Buell with his troops 
arrived at Louisville, Ky. — Movements took 
place at Sabine Pass, Ark. 

Sept. 26.— The U. S. Ram, Queen of the 
West and two transports having been fired into 
by the rebels at Prentiss, Miss., (seven having 
been killed and many wounded,) the town was 
shelled and burned. — Actions occurred at Cam- 
bridge, Mo., and Warrenton Junction, Va. 

Sept. 27. — Six hundred rebel cavalry raided 
Augusta, Ky., defended by 120 Union soldiers, 
nine of whom were killed and 15 wounded be- 
fore they surrendered ; the town was fired ; the 
rebel loss was 90 killed and wounded. — An 
action occurred at Buffalo, W. Va. 

Sept. 28. — Military movements took place at 
Black water, Va. 

Sept. 29.— At Louisville, Ky., Jeff C. Davis 
shot General Nelson under great provocation, 
was arrested and released without trial. — Rebel 
activities occurred at Sharpesburg, Md. 

Sept. 30. — At Newtonia, Mo., the Union 
troops under General Solomon were defeated 
with a loss of 50 killed and wounded and the 
capture of 100 prisoners. — A rebel defeat oc- 
curred at Russelville, Ky., and a loss of 45 
was inflicted. — A skirmish took place at Ship- 
ping Point, Va., and activities occurred at New- 
port, Ky., Grayson and Bluft'ton, Ark. 

Oct. 1. — Buell's army left Louisville, Ky., to 
encounter the rebels under Bragg. — At Galla- 
tin, Tenn., the command of ('olonel Stokes de- 
feated a I'ebel force, killing 40, wounding many 
and capturing 39. — Pleasanton's cavalry crossed 
the Potomac at Shepherdstown, Va., notwith- 
standing the resistance of Wade Hampton's 
cavalry, losing 12 wounded and three prisoners ; 
the rebel loss was 60 killed and wounded and 
nine jjrisoners. — Skirmishes occurred at Mar- 
tinsburg, Va., and Batchelor Creek, N. C. 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



49 



Oct. 2. — Rebel evacuation of Shelbyville, Ky. 
— General Bragg occuj^ied Lexington, Ky. — 
Skirmishes occured at Olive Hill, Ky., and 
Hamilton, N. C, also at Floyd's Fork, Ky., and 
Baldwin, Miss. — Morgan's cavalry assaulted the 
Carter County Home Giuards and was repulsed 
with a loss of 20. — General Morgan (Union) ar- 
rived at Greensburg on the Ohio River. -:-At 
Franklin on the Black Water River, Va., the 
lltli Pennsylvania Cavalry defeated a body of 
rebels. — A rebel fort was captured in a gunboat 
expedition up the St. John's River, Fla. 

Oct. 3. — On this date a succession of engage- 
ments took place near Corinth, Miss. ; 28,000 
rebels under Van Dorn, Price and Lovell at- 
tacked the Union defenses and drove the troops 
of Ord, Hurlbut and Leach into the town. The 
battle was renewed on the 4tli and before noon 
the rebels were retreating in disorder. The 
Union loss was 315 killed, 1,812 wounded and 
232 missing ; the rebel loss was 1,423 killed 
and 5,692 wounded, with 2,268 prisoners in- 
cluding 137 officers; colors, artillery, small 
arms, ammunition, accoutrements, wagons, 
etc., were captured by the Lhiion troops in great 
qifantity. 

Oct. 4. — Bardstown, Ky., was evacuated by 
the rebels and occupied by Crittenden's corps. 
— Lexington, Ky., evacuated by the rebels. — 
Galveston, Texas, was occupied by the Union 
troops. 

Oct. 5. — Battle of Hatchie River. Generals 
Ord and Hurlbut overtook and whipped the 
rebels, capturing 289 prisoners and quantities 
of spoils, losing about 500 in killed and wounded 
and continuing the pursuit. — Rebel defeat at 
Fayetteville, Ark. — Occupation of Jacksonville, 
Fla., by Union troops.— Activities occurred at 
Glasgow, Ky., Fort Point and Leesburg, Ky., 
and Pawpaw and Galveston, Texas, and at 
Madisonville, Ky. 

Oct. 6. — At Lavergne, Tenn., the rebels open- 



ed an artillery fire and were silenced by Palmer's 
brigade ; the infantry became engaged and the 
rebels fled in wild disorder after a fight of 30 
minutes, losing 80 in killed and wounded; the 
Lhiion loss was 18 killed, wounded and missing. 
— A cavalry action occurred at Charleston, \a. 
— General Buell with a large Union force rein- 
forced Crittenden at Bardstown, Ky. 

Oct. 7. — Rebel guerrillas under Quantrell 
and Childs were defeated near Sibley's Land- 
ing, Mo. 

Oct. 8. — Battle of Perryville. Bragg's troops 
attacked the corps of General McGook, whose 
force under Rousseau and Jackson, numbered 
14,000, the confederate army being much 
stronger. The rebels retreated, fleeing in the 
night towards Harrodsburg, Ky. The Union 
loss exceeded 3,200 in killed, wounded and 
missing, while the rebel loss was 1,200 killed 
and 3,000 wounded besides 200 prisoners. 

Oct. 9. — In a battle near Lawrenceburg, Ky., 
Colonel Parrott's Union troops defeated the 
rebels with considerable loss and lost six killed 
and 18 wounded. — The rebel Stuart ordered an 
invasion of Pennsylvania. — At Aldie, Va., a 
cavalry skirmish occurred. 

Oct. 10.— J. E. B. Stuart with 1,800 cavalry 
crossed the Potomac at McCoy's Creek, captured 
the horses of the videttes, surprised and cap- 
tured the signal station between Hancock and 
Hagerstown, passed Mercersburg at noon and 
reached Chambersburg, Va., at dark. The 
town surrendered to Wade Hampton's force ; 
about 300 sick and w'ounded soldiers were 
paroled and property seized. — On the 11th, the 
rebels evacuated Chambersburg and proceeded 
to Emmettsburg, doing all mischief possible 
along the B. & O. track. On the 12th, they 
passed through Hagerstown and charged Stone- 
man's troops near Poolesville, driving them 
across the Monocacy. They advanced to White's 
Ford and recrossed the Potomac and the Union 



50 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



troops arrived just in time to witness the ar- 
rival of the last rebel raider on the opposite 
side of the river. — The rebels were driven by 
General Schofield across the Missouri line into 
Arkansas. — An Indian fight occurred on the 
upper Missouri. — A skirmish took place at Han- 
erville, Va. 

Oct. 11. — Near Helena, Ark., the rebels were 
defeated by the command of Major Rector. — 
Nashville, Tenn., was threatened by a large 
rebel force. — An action took place at La Grange, 
Ark., and a gunboat fight took place on the 
Cape Fear River, N. C. — Activity of Stoneman's 
troops on the Monocacy and an action at Caca- 
pone Bridge, ^^a. 

Oct. 12. — An action occurred at Hyattstown, 
Md., and Darnestown, Ky. 

Oct. 13. — A slight skirmish took place at 
Paris, Xa.. 

Oct. 14. — In a fight at Stanford, Ky., 14 
rebels were taken jijrisoners and several killed. 
— Skirmishes occurred at Hazel Bottom, Mo., 
and Caseyville, Ky. 

Oct. 15. — A company of the 7th Pennsylva- 
nia Cavalry, under Lieutenant Williams, de- 
feated the rebels in a skirmish near Carsville, 
Va. — At Taylor's Bayou, Fla., a naval engage- 
ment occurred. 

Oct. 16. — In a reconnoissance near Charles- 
ton, Va., the Union loss was one killed and 
eight wounded ; the rebel loss was greater. 

Oct. 17 — An action occurred on the Tennes- 
see shore opposite Island No. 10, in which the 
attacking force of rebels were defeated with a 
loss of 15 men, including the leader, who were 
taken prisoners. The action occurred after dark 
and the rebels fired on each other. — One hun- 
dred rebels surrendered to General Stahel at 
Thoroughfare Gap, Ga. — A skirmish occurred 
at Sabine Cross Roads, La. 

Oct. 18. — Morgan's cavalry dashed into Lex- 
ington, Ky., and out again, killing six and 



capturing 120. — Quantrell raided and burned 
Shawneetown, Kansas. — A cavalry engagement 
took place at Hay market, Va. — An infantry ac- 
tion occurred at Helena, Ark. 

Oct. 19. — A brigade of Union troops at- 
tacked Forrest's cavalry near Nashville, Tenn., 
dispersing the force and capturing prison- 
ers . and supplies. The 78th Pennsylvania 
was conspicuous in the action for their bravery. 
— At Gallatin, Tenn., and at Commerce in the 
same State, military movements occurred. 

Oct. 20. — Morgan's guerrillas captured a 
wagon train near Bardstown, Ky. — At Marsh- 
field, Mo., the 10th Illinois Cavalry skirmished 
with the rebels and a Missouri Cavalry regi- 
ment were in action on the Anxvois River, 
Mo. 

Oct. 21. — The rebel forces in West Mrginia 
left the Kanawha Valley and went into East 
Tennessee after destroying the salt works.— An 
expedition was sent into Loudon county, Va., 
by General Slocum and 32 rebel cavalry were 
captured, including their captain ; 15 rebels 
were injured. — At Woodville, Tenn., a detach- 
ment of the 2nd Illinois cavalry under Cap- 
tain -J. .J. Mudd, captured 40 rebels, 100 horses 
and a number of mules. — An Indian fight oc- 
curred at Fort Cobb, I. T. 

Oct. 22. — General Terry made an unsuccess- 
ful attempt to capture the Charleston efe Savan- 
nah railroad. — A large force of Union troops, 
composed of Eastern regiments, had a fight 
with Beauregard's troops near Pocotaligo, S. C, 
and lost 30 killed and 180 wounded. The 47th 
Pennsylvania suffered heavily. — General Bragg 
escaped from Iventucky to Tennessee without 
fighting. — At Maysville in Northwestern Ar- 
kansas, General Blunt routed 5,000 rebels after 
an hour's fight and captured all their artillery, 
many horses and part of the rebel transporta- 
tion and garrison equipments. — The 4th Penn- 
sylvania Cavalry skirmished at Hedgeville, Va. 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



51 



Oct. 23.— At VVaverly, Tenn., the 83rd Illi- 
nois defeated the rebels, losing one killed and 
five wounded, and killing, wounding and 
capturing 70.— At Shelby Depot, Tenn., Colonel 
Stuart witli the 55tli Illinois made a reconnois- 
sance and defeated a rebel force. — A cavalry 
engagement under E. McCook took place at 
Point Lick, Ky. — Military movements took place 
at Warrenton, Va., and Indian River, Fla. 

Oct. 24. — In a skirmish at Grand Prairie, 
Mo., the rebels were defeated, the Union loss 
being three wounded.- A cavalry engagement 
took place at Catlett's Station, Va., and General 
Terry's troops skirmished at Blackwater, ^'a. — 
An unimportant action occurred at Morgan- 
town, Ky. 

Oct. 25. — A skirmish took place near Man- 
nassas Junction, Yii., in which 17 Union sol- 
diers were captured. — The Army of the Potomac 
began to move to a position east of the Blue 
Ridge. 

Oct. 26. — A bodyof rebels under Gen. Henry 
A. Wise of Virginia moved from Richmond 
along the peninsula. — Activities occurred at St. 
Mary's River, Fla., and at Donaldsonville, La., 
and Indianola, Texas. 

Oct. 27. — Burnside's command crossed the 
Potomac. — General Pleasanton's cavalry drove 
the rebels at Snicker's Gap., Va. — General Weit- 
zel's troops met the rebels at Labadieville, on 
Bayou LaFourche, La., on the way from Donald- 
sonville, La., and routed them in an infantry 
charge lasting half an hour ; the Union loss 
was 18 killed, 74 wounded, and the rebels lost 
six killed, 15 wounded and 208 prisoners. — At 
Pittman's Ferry, Mo., the command of Colonel 
Lewis defeated the rebels, killing several and 
capturing 40 prisoners. 

Oct. 28.— At Fayetteville, Ark., Colonel Her- 
ron, commanding two Union cavalry regiments, 
attacked a superior force, the rebels executing 
a hasty retreat after an hour and abandoning 



their camp equipage and wagons ; five Union 
soldiers wei'e wounded. — Skirmishes occurred 
at Clarkson, Mo., and at William-sburg, Ky. 

Oct. 29. — In a cavalry skirmish near Peters- 
burg, Va., the rebel cavahy under Stuart de- 
feated a body of Union troops under Iswick. — 
Near Butler, Mo., Colonel Seaman's force en- 
gaged the rebels and captured 16 with 200 
head of cattle. — Fire at Harper's Ferry. 

Oct. SO.^Buell was superseded by Rose- 
crans in command of the 14th Army Corps. — 
Burnside's troops joined the command of Sigel 
near Mannassas Junction, Va. — Leesburg, Xix., 
was occupied by Stoneman's division. — General 
Mitchell died at Port Royal, S. C. 

Oct. 31. — Further movements of the Army 
of the Potomac in \'irginia near Berlin. — 
Pleasanton's cavalry occupied all tlie gaps in 
the Blue Ridge. — Cavalry movement at Aldie 
and Maysville, Va., and also at Franklin. 

Nov. 1. — General Pleasanton's cavalry en- 
gaged in a five hour's skirmish at Philomont, 
Va., and lost one killed and 14 wounded and 
occupied the position. Pleasanton sent a force 
after the retreating rebels and overtook them 
near Bloomfield, where another skirmish oc- 
curred. — At Germantown, Tenn., a skirmish 
occurred and detachments of Union troops 
participated in activities at Pungo River, 
Swan's Quarter and Middletown, N. C. 

Nov. 2. — Pleasanton's cavalry drove the 
rebels bej^ond Union, Va. — The batteries of 
Hancock's command drove the rebels from and 
took possession of Snicker's Gap, Va. — An 
expedition under Foster left Newbern, N. C. 

Nov. 3. — Reconnoissance through Snicker's 
Gap ; a skirmish followed in which the Union 
cavalry drove the rebels in confusion across the 
Shenandoah River. After four hour's fight 
Pleasanton's cavalry occupied Upperville, Xa,. 
— General Stahel's cavalry drove the rebels out 
of Thoroughfare Gap, Va. — Among the hills of 



52 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Webster county, Ky., Colonel Foster's men 
captured 25 prisoners, horses and war material, 
killed tliree rebels and wounded two without 
loss. — Skirmishes .occurred at Rawle's Mills, N. 
C, and a gunboat action occurred at Bayou 
Teche, La. — A cavalry action took place at 
Harrisonville, Mo., and unimportant move- 
ments occurred at Ripley and Orizeba, Miss., 
and also at Belle River. 

Nov. 4.— Occupation of Ashley's Gap, Va., 
by the Army of the Potomac. — Foster's expedi- 
tion occupied Hamilton, N. C. — Actions oc- 
curred at Bolivar, Va., and King's Baj', N. C. 

Nov. 5.— McClellan superseded by General 
Burnside. — At New Baltimore, Xa., 1,500 Union 
soldiers drove the rebels. — Near Barbour, Va., 
Pleasanton and Stuart had a cavalry figlit and 
the rebels fell back.— Near Nashville, Tenn., a 
general skirmish took place and the rebels re- 
treated. — Twenty-five hundred guerrillas under 
Morgan made a dash on Colonel Snick's camp, 
north of Cumberland, Tenn., and received a 
repulse. — At Piketon, Ky., the rebels were 
routed with a loss of 80 prisoners and a quan- 
tity of war material. — A cavalry action took 
place near Greenville, Ky. 

Nov. (). — Warrenton, Va., was occupied by 
Reynold's command ; prisoners were taken and 
army supplies. — Skirmishes took place at 
Leatherwood and Garrettsburg, K)'. 

Nov. 7. — An unsuccessful rebel attack was 
made upon Bayard's command at Rappahan- 
nock Station. — General I^urnside assumed com- 
mand of the Army of the Potomac and Gen- 
eral McClellan issued his farewell address. — 
The first enlistment of negro troops took place 
at Port Royal, S. C. — Movements at Beaver 
Creek, Mo. — An action took place at Lagrange, 
Ark. 

Nov. 8.— The 5th U. S. Cavalry under Lieu- 
tenant Ashe, charged the rebels near Gaines' 
Cross Roads, Va.; eight Union soliders were 



wounded ; a number of confederates were killed 
and five of their wounded taken prisoners. — 
General Fitz .John Porter was ordered to Wash- 
ington to answer charges preferred against him 
by- General Pope. — The Union troops under 
Colonel Lee defeated the rebels at Hudsonville, 
Miss., killing 16 and capturing 175 prisoners. — 
An unimportant action took place near Mari- 
anna, Ark., in which the Union troops were com- 
manded by Captain Perkins. The Union loss 
was one wounded ; the rebels lost five and sev- 
eral wounded. — The advance of Rosecrans' 
army reached Gallatin, Tenn. — A cavalry en- 
gagement occun-ed at Hudsonville, Miss. 

Nov. 9. — Tlie Union troops under Captain 
Uiric Dahlgren made a dash into Frederick- 
town, ^'^a., and captured two wagon loads of 
grey cloth, etc. The Union loss was one killed 
and four missing; the rebels lost three killed, 
several wounded and 39 prisoners. — A portion 
of Grant's army occupied LaGrange, Tenn. — ■ 
General Butler confiscated all the propertj' in 
LaFourche, La., recently taken possession of by 
U. S. troops, promising protection, however, to 
loyal citizens in liolding their own property; 
that of rebels was to be worked for and on ac- 
count of the United States. — St. Mary's, Fla., 
was shelled and burned by the U. S. gunboat 
Mohawk for treachery of the inhabitants in fir- 
ing on the ship after communicating under 
flag of truce. — Activities occurred at Halltown, 
Va. 

Nov. 11. — Near LaGrange, Tenn., Colonel 
Lee in command of Kentucky and Michigan 
cavalry, captured 134 rebels, killing 16 and 
losing two men. — Near Garrettsburg, Ky., Gen- 
eral Ransom's expedition captured a rebel force 
and lost three killed and 17 M'ounded and the 
defeat ended in a rout, the rebels being driven 
out of Kentucky. — Morgan's guerrillas were 
defeated near Lebanon, Tenn. — Near Hunts- 
ville, Tenn., the Tennessee Home Guards under 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



Captain Duncan defeated the rebels.— General 
McGlellan retired to Ne\r Jersey. — Heavy ex- 
change of prisoners ; tlie rebels surrendered 
three brigadiers, 18 colonels, 19 lieutenant- 
colonels, 431 cajitains and 545 lieutenants and 
received 27 colonels, 17 lieutenant-colonels, 4G7 
captains, 1,085 lieutenants and the exchange 
of privates was about 21,000 and a balance of 
6,000 privates was due the Tnited States. — 
Action at Newbern, N. C. 

Nov. 12. — Hooker assumed conunanil of the 
5th Army Corps. — At Holly Springs, Miss., the 
2nd Illinois, 2nd Iowa, ord Michigan and 7th 
Kansas Cavalry under Colonel Lee occupied 
Holly Springs after a skirmish in which four 
rebels were killed. — A skirmish occurred near 
White Sulphur Springs, Xa. 

Nov. 13. — At Calhoun, La., a slight action 
occurred. 

Nov. 14. — A Union force passed Snicker's 
Gap, Va. 

Nov. 15. — Warrenton, Va., was evacuated by 
the rebels and occupied by the Army of the 
Potomac. — In an artillery skirmish near Fay- 
etteville, Va., the troops of Sturgis engaged the 
rebel batteries. 

Nov. 17.— Burnside's troops occupied Fal- 
mouth, Va. — At Cove Creek, N. C, the 3rd 
New York Cavalry had a severe fight and the 
Union flying artillery shelled the rebels from 
their position. — The 104tii Pennsylvania In- 
fantry engaged in a skirmish at Gloucester, ^'a. 

Nov. 18. — A cavalry skirmish occurred in 
which Colonel Hawkins defeated the rebels at 
Rural Hill, Tenn. — Military movements oc- 
curred at Helena, Ark., and Little River, Mo. 

Nov. 19.— A skirmish took place at Black- 
water, Mo. 

Nov. 20. — An action occurred at Charles- 
town, Va. 

Nov. 21. — General Sumner demanded the 
surrender of Fredericksburg, on account of the 



firing of citizens on the Union troops, but 
rescinded the order on the following day on 
being assured that the offense should not again 
occur. — A skirmish occurred at Bayou Bonnet 
Carre, La. 

Nov. 23. — Reconnoissance from Fortress Mon- 
roe to tlie Chickahominy. — A skirmish took 
place at Onslow, N. C. 

Nov. 24. — A cavalry and infantry skirmish 
took place at Beaver Creek, Mo. 

Nov. 25.- At Sinking Creek, Ya., a rebel 
camp was surprised by the 2nd Viginia Cav- 
alry and 118 prisoners were captured, besides 
arms, sabres, horses, loaded wagons and camp 
property ; two pickets were killed and, with tliis 
exception, not a shot was fired. — Fortification 
on the Mississipi at Port Hudson. — Cavalry raid 
occurred at Poolesville, Md. — Slight actions 
occurred at Winchester, Shepherdstown and 
Zuni, Va. 

Nov. 26. — Twenty guerrillas dashed into 
Urbana, Md., pillaging a store and killing one 
citizen. — At Summerville, Miss., the 7tii Illinois 
Cavalry engaged in a skirmish. — At Berryville, 
Va., movements occurred. 

Nov. 27. — A skirmish occurred near Lav- 
ergne, Tenn., without decisive results. — A cav- 
alry skirmish occurred at Carthage, Ark., and 
also at Rienzi, Miss. 

Nov. 28.— At Cane Hill, Ark., the troops of 
the frontier made a forced march, attacking 
Marmaduke's troops en route for Missouri. 
The battle raged over 12 miles of ground and 
the rebels retreated to ^'an Buren, Ark. — Two 
detachments of the 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry 
on picket on the Rappahannock were captured 
by a greatly superior force of rebels. — The 
action referred to under this date as Cane Hill 
included also Boston Mountain and Boonesboro, 
Ark. — A cavalry skirmish took place at Cold 
Water River, Miss. 

Nov. 29. — At Snicker's Ferry, Va., General 



54 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Stahel with 300 cavalry scattered the rebels, 
killing 50, capturing 40 and taking 80 head of 
cattle and horses. — A cavalry ex2:)edition to the 
fork of the Mingo and St. Francis Rivers cap- 
tured a rebel officer and 10 privates. — An action 
occurred at Plaquemine, La., and at Waterford 
and Lumpkin's Mills, Miss. — Activities occurred 
at Yellville and Abbeyville, Miss. 

Dec. 1. — An expedition from Suffolk, Va., 
under General Peck, recaptured the celebrated 
Pittsburg Battery, held by the rebels at Frank- 
lin, Va. 

Dec. 2. — General Geary's command en route 
to Winchester, defeated the rebels near Charles- 
ton, killing and wounding 70 and capturing 
145 prisoners. — Grenada, Miss., was occupied 
by 20,000 Federal troops under General Hovey ; 
the rebels destroyed 15 locomotives and 100 
cars. 

Dec. 3. — At Oxford, Miss., Colonel Hatch 
captured 92 prisoners with a loss of 20 killed 
and wounded. — The rebels abandoned their for- 
tifications at Abbeville, Miss.— General Geary 
demanded the surrender of Winchester and the 
rebels complied. 

Dec. 3. — The first Indiana Cavalry engaged 
in a skirmish at Oakland, Miss.— A slight action 
occurred at Princeton, Ky. 

Dec. 4. — The rebels were driven on tlie 
Rappahanock in an action between the Union 
gunboats and rebel batteries. — Skirmishing at 
Tuscumbia, Miss.— Cavalry action at Water 
Valley, Miss. 

Dec. 5. — A rebel attack on Helena, Ark., was 
repulsed. — A considerable fight occurred at 
Coffeeville, Miss., and a cavah-y action occurred 
at Reed's Mountains, Ark. 

Dec. 6. — Banks' expedition left New York for 
New Orleans. — Rebel activities occurred at 
Hackett's Point, Va., and at Chicot Pass, Ark. — 
The 93rd Ohio engaged in a skirmish at Leb- 
anon, Teun. 



Dec. 7. — Battle of Prairie Grove. The forces 
under Blunt and Herron defeated 28,000 rebels, 
who retreated during the following night, aban- 
doning their dead and wounded ; the Union 
loss was about 1,000 and that of the rebels 1,500. 
—Morgan's guerrillas captured the 104th Illi- 
nois, 106 and 108th Ohio and a detachment of 
the 2nd Indiana Cavalry at Hartsville, Tenn., 
killing 55 and wounding 100. The rebel loss 
was about the same. — At Prairie D'Anna a slight 
action occured. — At King George, C. H., Va., 
60 of the 8th Pennsylvania Cavalry were at- 
tacked by 300 rebels ; 40 of the garrison es- 
caped. 

Dec. 9. — Concordia, Ark., was burned in re- 
taliation for the burning of the Lake City the 
day before. — The Union gunboats at Port Royal 
were attacked by rebels, who were driven off. — 
Sharp actions occurred at Lavergne and Brent- 
ville, Tenn. 

Dec. 10.— Plymouth, N. C, was destroyed by 
the rebels during an engagement. — An action 
occurred at Indian River, Fla. 

Dec. 11. — Leesburg, Va., was occupied by 
the Union troops. — Bombardment of Freder- 
icksburg, Va., which w^as partially destroyed, 
the Union troops meanwhile crossing the Rap- 
pahannock on pontoon bridges, whose construc- 
tion was retarded by rebel shooters, who were 
dispersed by a Union force .sent over the river 
in boats. — At Dumfries and Warrensburg, Va., 
military movements occurred. 

Dec. 12. — A skirmish took place near Corinth, 
Miss., the rebel loss exceeding that of the 
Union troops. — At Franklin, Tenn., General 
Stanley defeated the rebels, losing one man, 
killing five and wounding 10. — Activities in 
the vicinity of Nashville. — Skirmishes at Little 
Bear Creek, Ala. — Foster's expedition started 
for Goldsboro, N. C. 

Dec. 13. — Battle of Fredericksburg, Va. 
Burnside's army attacked the fortifications 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



55 



whicli proved impregnable, the arrangements 
permitting an enfilading fire from above ; every 
charge of the Union troops was repulsed and 
nightfall found the armies in the same position 
as in the morning. There was no fighting on 
the 14th, and, on the night of the 15th and the 
morning of the 16th, Burnside'sarmy withdrew 
across the Rappahannock, effecting the retreat 
and removing the pontoon bridges witliout the 
knowledge of the rebels. The Union loss was 
1,512 killed, 6,000 wounded and many prison- 
ers. — Foster's expedition engaged the rebels 
near Southwest Creek, N. C, retiring to Kinston, 
where he was again attacked and driven with 
loss. — On the Yazoo River the gunboat Cairo was 
sunk by a torpedo. — An action took place at 
Tuscumbia, Ala. 

Dec. 14. — About 400 rebel cavalry raided 
Poolesville, Md,. capturing one half of the gar- 
rison. — Banks' expedition arrived at New Or- 
leans. — Skirmishes occurred at Coffeeville, Miss., 
at Woodsonsville and Wireman's Shoals, Ky., 
at Ringgold, Ga., and Helena, Ark. 

Dec. 15.— At Bear Wallow, Ky., a rebel 
movement took place. 

Dec. 16.— General Foster moved from Kin- 
ston to White Hall, N. C.,and routed the rebels 
atter a three hour's fight. — Slight action at New 
Haven, Ky. 

Dec. 17. —Occupation of Baton Rouge, La., 
immediately following the evacuation of the 
place by the rebels. General Foster's command 
drove the rebels out of Goldsboro after a short 
fight ; after destroying the railroad communi- 
cations the expedition pushed on to Newbern, 
arriving December 20th. 

Dec. 18. — A cavalry action, involving the 11th 
Illinois, 5th Ohio and 2nd Tennessee Cavalry 
took place at Lexington, Tenn. — The same 
troops, assisted by the 43rd and 61st Illinois, 
engaged in an action at Jackson, Tenn., repell- 



ing the rebels. — A skirmish took place at Com- 
merce, Miss. 

Dec. 19. — At Occoquan, Va., a body of rebel 
cavalry made a raid on the 10th New York Cav- 
alry, capturing 30 prisoners and six sutler's 
wagons. — Rebel cavalry movement at Ripley, 
Va. 

Dec. 20. — Surrender of Holly Springs, Miss., 
to the rebels by Colonel Murphy, including 2,000 
prisoners ; $2,000,000 worth of war supplies 
were destroyed ; this caused an entire change in 
the plans on Vicksburg. — Destruction of the 
railroad near Jackson, Tenn., by rebel cavalry. 
— At Trenton, Tenn., Forrest captured a body 
of cavalry and infantry troops. — Activities at 
Halltown, Va., and Humboldt, Tenn. 

Dec. 21. — An expedition under Carter left 
London, Ky., for East Tennessee and, on the 
same day, destroyed important railroad com- 
munications and captured 550 prisoners and 
700 stand of arms. — At Davis Mills, Miss., a 
rebel defeat occurred and many small arms 
were taken. — Active movements occurred in the 
vicinity of Nashville. 

Dec. 22.— At Isle of Wight C. H., Va., a 
cavalry skirmish took place. 

Dec. 23. — Sigel's command repulsed a rebel 
attack on Dumfries, Va. 

Dec. 24. — Morgan's guerrillas defeated Dic- 
key's troops near Munfordsville, Ky. — A detach- 
ment of the 12tli Michigan infantry engaged in 
a skirmish at Middleburg, Miss. — At Glasgow, 
Ky., a detachment of the 2nd Michigan Cavalry 
had a skirmish. — Movements occurred at Dallas 
and Delhi, Ga., and at Joiner's Bridge, Ky. 

Dec. 25.— At Munfordsville, Ky., Morgan's 
guerrillas were defeated in turn by Colonel Gray, 
nine rebels being killed and 22 wounded. — In 
an action at Green's Chapel, Ky., soldiers of the 
4th and 5th Indiana Cavalry defeated a body of 
rebels. — At Bear Wallow, Ky., another cavalry 
engagement took place. 



56 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Dec. 26— At Nolansville, Tenn., McCook's 
corps, Army of the Cumberland, made an ad- 
vance. — The 2nd Michigan Cavah'y engaged in 
a skirmish at Bacon Creek, Ky. 

Dec. 27. — At Dumfries, Va., Colonel Canby 
routed the rebels under Stuart and Lee, inflict- 
ing a severe loss — A body of Pennsylvania 
cavalry was surprised and captured at Occoquan, 
Va. — Three hundred and fifty rebels were cap- 
tured at Elk Fork, Tenn., by half their number 
of Union troops. — 2,800 of Morgan's guerrillas 
attacked 250 soldiers belonging to the 91st 
Illinois and compelled the garrison to retreat. 

Dec. 28. — Battle of Chickasaw Bayou. On 
the 26tli an expedition under Sherman moved 
up the Yazoo River and landed and, on the fol- 
lowing day, an assault was made on Haines 
Bluff auxilliary to the attack at Chickasaw 
Bayou. A slight advantage was gained in the 
action on the 28tli and the movement was 
abandoned by Sherman the next day, princi- 
pally on account of the failure of Grant, whose 
plans were frustrated by the disaster at Holly 
Springs and it was decided soon after to aban- 
don the attempt, which had been made at a cost 
of 191 killed, 982 wounded and 75G missing. — 
Van Buren, Ark., was captured by the forces of 
Blunt and Herron, the rebels having fled on 
the approach of the Army of the Frontier, which 
had defeated two regiments of rebel cavalry at 
Dripping Spring. — A cavalry action took place 
at Muldraugh's Hill, Ky. — A reconnoissance 
took place at Suffolk, Va., and at Occoquan, 
Va.; two Pennsylvania cavalry I'egiments were 
engaged. — At Clinton, La., an action took place 
in which Western troops were engaged. — At 
New Madrid, Mo., a skirmish took place. 

Dec. 29. — A Kentucky cavalry regiment en- 
gaged in an action at Stuart Creek, Tenn. 

Dec. 30. — At Parkers' Cross Roads, Tenn., a 
sharp action took place under Sullivan, who 
fought the rebels under Forrest. The rebels 



lost a thousand men while the Union loss was 
239. — Two cavalry regiments belonging to the 
expedition of Carter in East Tennessee de- 
stroyed a bridge at Carter's Station. — A detach- 
ment of soldiers east of Knoxville, Tenn., de- 
stroyed railroad communication and captured 
400 rebel prisoners. — A wagon train near Jeffer- 
son, Tenn., was attacked by rebels. This action 
was preliminary to the battle of Stone River 
and is known to history as Jefferson Pike. — 
The Monitor foundered off Hatteras. 

Dec. 31. — Battle of Stone River, or Murfrees- 
boro, Tenn. The skirmish which has been 
mentioned near Stuart's Creek, which continued 
two daj's with a loss of 70 Union soldiers, was 
preliminary also to the action at Stone River 
proper which continued two days. At daylight 
of the last day of the year the onset became 
general and continued with great fury. After 
desperate fighting and severe loss, McCook's 
corps fell back and,- after another rally, the 
Union army was again driven by the enemy. 
January 1st, the fighting was continued with 
slight advantage to the Union force. January 
2nd, the fighting was desultory until 4 o'clock 
in the afternoon, when the rebels advanced with 
reinforcements and a desperate fight of 30 min- 
utes occurred with the odds in the rebel favor, 
but Negley moved up, checked the rebel 
advance and drove the enemy back to a wooded 
hill where a futile attempt to stand was made. 
In this repulse the rebels lost over 2,000 men, 
the Union loss being 455. January 3rd, the 
88th Indiana and 3rd Ohio carried a rebel 
redoubt in a bayonet charge. During the fol- 
lowing night the rebels under Bragg evacuated 
Murfreesboro, retiring to Tullahoma. 43,500 
Union troops were engaged at Stone River, the 
confederates numbering 62,000; the total 
Union loss was 1,474 killed, 6,813 wounded 
and 222 prisoners. The rebel loss was 12,000 
killed and wounded and 3,500 prisoners. 




I'S^'u, 



^. Si. <^k^'.id^ 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



57 



1863. Jan. 1. — Emancipation Proclamation 
went into effect. — Near Lebanon, Ky., Morgan's 
guerrillas made a raid and were defeated, losing 
several killed and 90 prisoners, besides war sup- 
plies. — Near Red Mound, Tenn., a complete 
rout of Forrest's troops took place after 12 days 
skirmisbing with Union troops under Sullivan. 
The Union loss was 20 killed, 100 wounded and 
60 missing, the rebels losing 700 in killed, 
wounded and prisoners. Forrest's troops num- 
bered 7,000 and the Union forces 3,000 infantry, 
a company of cavalry and six guns, while the 
rebels were all mounted and had 11 pieces of ar- 
tillery. — A rebel surprise by land and water 
took place at Galveston, Texas. The garrison 
was captured and the gunboat, Harriet Lane, 
was boarded and her officers and crew nearly 
all killed. The flagship, Westfield, was blown 
up. Commodore Renshaw and Lieutenant Zim- 
merman perishing in the explosion. — An action 
took place at Lavergne, Tenn., and Baton 
Rouge, La. 

Jan. 2. — A detachment of Stuart's cavalry 
dashed into Dumfries, Va., capturing army 
supplies. — At Moorefield, W. Va., the rebels at- 
tacked the Union position and were repulsed 
after capturing 60 Union prisoners. — A rebel 
camp near La Grange, Ark., was captured. 

Jan. 4. — Rosecrans' forces occupied Mur- 
freesboro, Tenn. — Clarkesville, Tenn., was re- 
captured with a quantit)^ of provisions. — Gen- 
eral Sherman was superseded by McClernand. 

Jan. 5. — The cavalry of the Army of the 
Cumberland engaged with the rebels of Bragg's 
array in Middletown, Tenn.— A skirmish oc- 
curred at Hardy Co., Va., 33 Union pri.soners 
being captured. — Near Little River, N. C, a 
party of rebel skirmishers was defeated and 
captured without Union loss. — The Montauk 
and Passaic arrived safely at Beaufort, N. C. — 
Military movement at Jupiter Inlet, Fla. 

Jan. 6.— An English steamer loaded with 



arms, presumably for the rebels, was captured 
by the Pocahontas off Mobile. 

Jan. 7. — Battle of Springfield, Mo. Marma- 
duke, witli 5,000 rebels, attacked the town and 
was repulsed by the Home Guards. Reinforce- 
ments arrived on the next day and the rebels 
retired with a loss of 300. The Union loss was 
17 killed and 50 wounded. General Brown, the 
commander, losing an arm.— Lieutenant W. B. 
Gushing and 25 men landed near Fort Caswell, 
N. C, and captured a rebel redoubt.— A rebel 
force attacked, captured and destroyed a con- 
struction train near Antioch, Tenn.— Colonel 
Moore, with 100 men of the 2nd Illinois Cavalry, 
destroyed a rebel camp at Huntoon's Mills 
near Ripley, Tenn., killing 16 and capturing 
40 prisoners. — A Union force destroyed a rebel 
train at White House, Va., captured the mail, 
cut the telegraph and burned all the river craft 
and the commissary stores, the depot and other 
buildings. — Further movements at Jupiter 
Inlet. 

Jan. 9. — At Providence Church on the Black- 
water, Va., a cavalry force defeated the rebels. 
— Exchange of prisoners in which 26,000 
Union soldiers were released. — The rebel 
secretary of war declared that the Union pris- 
oners taken at Stone River would be held in 
close confinement until General Butler was sur- 
rendered to be punished. 

Jan. 10. — Near Hartsville, Mo., a body of 
Western troops attacked 4,000 rebels under 
Marmaduke and Porter and drove them five 
miles; the rebels made a circuit into Harts- 
ville, and were driven out. This action has 
been called Wood's Fork and was concluded 
Jan. 11th. The Union loss was 35 killed and 
wounded, and the rebel loss was 150. — A body 
of rebels near Catlett's Station, Va., was attacked 
and defeated with heavy loss. — Galveston, 
Texas, was bombarded by a Union gunboat, — 
Fort Hindman was invested by the gunboats of 



58 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



the Mississippi squadron and the corps of Mc- 
Clernand and Slierman. 

Jan. 11.— Fort Ilinduian, Ark., surrendered 
unconditionally by the rebels. 4,720 prisoners 
were captured and the armament and stores. 
129 Union soldiers were killed and 831 wounded. 
The rebel loss was estimated at 5,500. — At Mill 
Creek, Tenn., Wheeler's cavalry destroyed the 
railroad bridge and captured a squad of Union 
soldiers.— The Ilatteras was sunk off the coast 
of Texas by the Alabama. 

Jan. 12. — The steamer Charter was destroyed 
at Harpeth Shoals, Tenn., by a detachment of 
Wheeler's cavalry. — Rebel raid at Holly Springs 
and outrages on the citizens. — A brigantine, 
which had been cajitured by the privateer Re- 
tribution, was recaptured from the prize crew 
by the wife of the captain, who made the rebels 
drunk, put them in irons and took the vessel 
into the port of St. Thomas. — The 2nd Wiscon- 
sin Cavalry engaged in a skirmish at Lick 
Creek, Ark. 

Jan. 13.— Col. Daniel Ullmann of the 78th 
New York Infantry was made brigadier and em- 
powered to raise a brigade of negro troops. — 
Four boats with wtnnided troops wei'e captured 
on the Cumberland River, the men robbed and 
th:ee of the boats burned. 

Jan. 14.— At Bayou Teche, near Patterson- 
ville, La., the gunboats Calhoun, Diana, Kins- 
man and Estrella, assisted by Weitzel's brigade, 
had a fight with the rebel steamboat Cotton and 
a land force. The Cotton was destroyed, but 
the Union commander, Buchanan, was killed by 
a sharpshooter. — The Queen of the West was 
captured by the rebels on Red River. 

Jan. 15. — 17 Union couriers of the 2nd Wis- 
consin C'avalry were captured between Helena, 
Ark., and Clarendon. — Mound City, Ark., was 
burned by the Union troops because it was a 
rendezvous for guerrillas. 

Jan. 16. — Three Union steamers were cap- 



tured at Harpeth Shoals, Tenn., by Wlieeler's 
cavalry.— The Columbia stranded at Masonboro 
Inlet, N. C, and surrendered to the rebels. — 
The rebel privateer Orato run the blockade of 
Mobile and sunk the brig Estellc of Boston, pro- 
ceeding to Havanna pursued by the Oneida.— 
Duvall's Bluff and Des Ark, Ark., were captured 
by the 24th Indiana and the gunboat DeKalb 
on the White River with 150 prisoners and 
arms. 

Jan. 17. — The 3rd New York Cavalry drove 
1,300 rebels from Pollocksville, N. C, and 
occupied the town. 

Jan. 19. — A reconnoissance was made by the 
5th Pennsylvania Cavalry to Burnt Ordinary, 
Va., during which 12 Union cavalry dashed 
among 100 rebels to recapture prisoners. — A 
cavalry skirmish took place near Clifton, La. — 
Military movements at Wash Channel. 

Jan. 21. — An expedition sailed from Hilton 
Head for Ossabaw Sound, Ga. — Two blockading 
ves-sels, the Morning Light and ^'^elocity, were 
captured oft' Sabine Pass by rebel steamers. — A 
rebel camp near Columbia, Mo., was broken up 
by Union troops. 

Jan. 22.— The privateer Orato departed from 
Havanna and captured the brig Windward. 

Jan. 23.— At Fish Springs, Tenn., a band of 
loyal Teanesseeans were attacked by the rebels 
under Polk. Several were killed and wounded 
and three prisoners captured were hung, in- 
cluding Taylor, the Union leader. — Arkansas 
Post was evacuated by the Union troops after 
blowing up the fortifications at Fort Hindman. 

Jan. 24. — Near Woodbury, Tenn., the rebels 
were defeated with a loss of 35 wounded and 
100 prisoners captured. — General Foster started 
from Newbern for Kingston, N. C. 

Jan. 25.— The first regiment of colored vol- 
unteers was organized at Port Royal, S. C. — 
A rebel repulse took place on the railroad near 
Nashville, Tenn.— Foster's troops made a cap- 



HISTORY OF THE CIVH. WAR. 



59 



ture near Kingston, N. C. — An attack on a con- 
struction train near Murfreesboro, Tenn., was 
repulsed by the guard, with the assistance of a 
detachment of the 10th Michigan. 

Jan. 26. — Hooker succeeded Burnside in the 
command of the Army of tlie Potomac. — The 
gunboat ChilHcothe slielled the lower batteries 
at Vicksburg. — A detachment of the 5th New 
York Cavalry skirmished at Middleburg, Va., 
defeatmg the rebels.— An Indian fight occurred 
at Bear River, Washington Territory, during 
which the cold was so intense that about 150 
of the soldiers had their feet frozen. 

.Jan. 27. — In an action at Bloomheld, Mo., 
the rebels were. driven out and 52 prisoners 
captured.— A cavalry force belonging to Weitzel's 
brigade routed a rebel force at Indian Village, 
La. — Fort McAlister on the Ogeeche River, Ga., 
was bombarded without results. 

Jan. 28. — Near Van Buren, Mo., a steamer 
and 300 rebels were captured. 

Jan. 2iJ. — General McClernand landed opjto- 
site Vicksburg. — A skirmish occurred at Pinos 
Altos, Arizona Territory. 

Jan. 30.— At Dyersburg, Tenn., the 22nd 
Ohio defeated the rebels, inflicting a loss of 34. 
— At Deserted House near Suffolk, Va., Pryor's 
command was defeated by a force under Cor- 
coran and Spear, the loss on botli sides being 
about 100. — The gunboat, Isaac Smith, was 
captured while aground at Stono River, S. C. 

Jan. 31. — Two rebel defeats occurred at 
Rover and Middleton, Tenn. ; in the former 
the rebel cavalry of Wheeler was routed with 
35 killed and wounded and 300 prisoners cap- 
tured ; at the latter place a reVjel camp was 
broken up and 100 prisoners captured. — The 
Union troops under Jeff. C. Davis occupied 
Shelby ville, Tenn. — Union troops were attacked 
in Morgan county, Ind., while arresting desert- 
ers, which was accomplished. — The rebel iron 
clads, Palmetto State and Chicora and three 



small steamers, attacked the blockading fleet off 
Charleston, disabling two vessels and killing 
and wouniiing 43 men. Beauregard declared 
the blockade raised, but on the same day the 
English steamer Princess Royal was captured, 
while ruiming the blockade at Charleston with 
a full cargo of arms and supplies for the rebels. 

Feb. 1.— Attack on Fort McAlister, (Ja., by 
the Montauk, supported bj' the Union gun- 
boats ; the attack was unsuccessful. — Franklin, 
Tenn., was occupied by Union troops. — A rebel 
attack was made on Island No. 10 which was 
repulsed by the gunboat Era. 

Feb. 2. — The rebel garrison at Warrenton, 
Va., was surprised and captured by Wyndham's 
cavalry brigade. 

Feb. 3. — At Mingo Swamp, Mo., a cavalry 
force under Major Reader routed the rebels, 
killing nine and wounding 20. — The Union 
garrison at Fort Donelson, Tenn., repelled a 
rebel attack of Wheeler's cavalry, killing and 
wounding and capturing over. 600 with a loss 
of 126. — A Union reconnoissance was made 
into Eastern Tennessee, the command of 
Reynolds occupying Liberty, Auburn and 
Lebanon and driving the rebels in every direc- 
tion. 

Feb. 4. — a brigade of cavalry under Colonel 
Warring defeated the rebels under Marraaduke. 
— Another rebel defeat took place on Lake 
Providence, La. 

Feb. 5. — A party of guerrillas were routed 
on Bear Creek, Mo., by the Missouri militia. — 
A trivial skirmish occurred near Stafford's 
Store, Va. 

Feb. 6.— The Union troops raided Middle- 
burg, Va., capturing several prisoners.— In a 
skirmish near Millwood, Va., the rebels were 
defeated. — A mail coach was captured by the 
rebels near Winchester, Va., which was recap- 
tured on the same day. 

Feb. 7. — A detachment of the 5th Pennsyl- 



60 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



vania Cavalry was sent out from Williamsburg, 
Va., drawn into a rebel ambush and routed 
with a loss of 35 killed, wounded and captured. 
— The rebel guerrilla, Dawson, with several of 
his men, were captured near Dyersburg, Tenn. 

Feb. S. — The Queen of the AVest captured 
three rebel steamers on the Red River. — 600 
rebels were captured at Lebanon, Tenn., and a 
band of guerrillas were routed at Independ- 
ence, Mo. 

Feb. 9. — Near Summerville, Xa., the rebels 
were routed by Knox' battalion of cavalry. 

Feb. 10. — In a fight at Old River, La., the 
rebels were defeated with a Union loss of eight 
killed and wounded. — A band of loyal Dela- 
ware and Shawnee Indians took possession of 
the rebel agency at Wachita, Texas, killing the 
agent and capturing 100 disloyal Indians, many 
horses and Pike's treaties between the Indians 
and the rebel government. — An unimportant 
action took place at Gloucester Point, Va. — The 
Missouri Home Guards repulsed a rebel attack 
at Bone Yard, Tenn. 

Feb. 12. — At Bolivar, Tenn., 11 rebels were 
killed and wounded in a skirmish. 

Feb. 13. — -In a skirmisli near Charleston, Va., 
the rebels retreated. — The Indianola passed the 
batteries at Vicksburg. — At Smithfield, Va., the 
12th Pennsylvania Cavalry engaged in a skir- 
mish. 

Feb. 14. — Union cavalry was surprised at 
Anandale, Va., and 15 were killed and missing 
and several wounded. — The Queen of the West 
grounded near Gordon's Landing on the Red 
River in Louisiana in range of a rebel battery 
andjwas abandoned, afterjhaving her steam pipe 
cut by the enemy's shot. — The 1st Michigan 
Cavalry engaged in a skirmish at Breutsville, 
Va. 

Feb. 15. — A Union force defeated the rebels 
at Arkadelphia, Ark., losing two killed and 12 
wounded.— At Gainesville, Tenn., 250 cavalry 



defeated 500 of Morgan's guerrillas, killing, 
wounding and capturing 36, with 50 horses and 
arms. — The rebels attacked the Union train 
near Nolansville, Tenn., and were repulsed with 
loss. 

Feb. 16.— Near Romney, Va., a detachment 
of soldiers was captured while guarding a 
wagon train. — An attack on Union infantry by 
Forrest's cavalry near Helena, Ark., was re- 
pulsed. 

Feb. 18.— Union mortar boats opened fire on 
Vicksburg. — Clifton, Tenn., was destroyed by 
the Union forces.— At Frankfort, Ky., a dis- 
loyal convention was dispersed. 

Feb. 19.— Hopefield, Ark., opposite Memphis, 
was burned because it had become a guerrilla 
nest. — Near Coldwater, Miss., the 1st Indiana 
Cavalry routed a force of rebels without loss. — 
An action occurred at Spring River, Mo. 

Feb. 20.— The 5th Illinois Cavalry dispersed 
a force of rebels at Yazoo Pass, Miss., and five 
soldiers were wounded. — Rebel guerrillas raided 
Shawneetown, Ky. — In a gunboat reconnois- 
sance up the Rappahannock a rebel battery was 
silenced. 

Feb. 21. — A cavalry skirmish occurred at 
Prairie Station, Miss., the 2nd Iowa Cavalry 
winning. 

Feb. 22.— Tuscumbia and Florence, Ala., 
were occujiied by a cavalry brigade. — The mili- 
tary expedition through Yazoo Pass reached 
Moon Lake. — A skirmish took place at Gates- 
ville, Va. 

Feb. 23. — At Deer Creek, near Greenville, 
Miss., a sharp action took place. — A skirmish 
took place at Athens, Ky., resulting in the rout 
of the rebels, the guerrilla Morgan's brother, 
being captured. — 700 rebel cavalry raided Win- 
chester and other towns in Eastern Kentuckj'. 
Actions took place at Hazel Green, Miss., and 
Straw Hill, Va. 

Feb. 24. — The Indianola was captured near 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



61 



Grand Gulf on the Mississippi by the rebel 
rams, Queen of the West and William H. Webb 
and two armed steamers. 

Feb. 25. — ^Averill's cavalry routed the rebels 
near Hartwood Church, Ya., and they escaped 
across Kelly's Ford. — The rebels were dispersed 
at Licktown, Ky. — An action took place at 
Tappahannock and Falmouth, Ya. 

Feb. 26. — A cavalry skirmish took place at 
Woodstock, Ya., on the Strasburg road, the 
Union loss being 200 killed, wounded and pris- 
oners. — Near Woodburn, Tenn., rebel guerrillas 
captured and rifled a government train and 
started the locomotive under full steam, in a 
fruitless attempt to wreck an approaching pas- 
senger train. 

Feb. 27.— The 2nd New York Cavalry routed 
the I'ebels near Newbern, N. C, and captured 
48 rebels, losing one soldier. 

Feb. 28. — The rebel steamer Nashville was 
destroyed by the ram Montauk under the guns 
of Fort McAlister. 

March 1. — Near Bradyville, Tenn., the 
guerrillas of Duke were routed by a cavalry 
command, detached from Rosecrans' army 
under General Stanley, the Union loss in killed 
and wounded being 15 and that of the rebels 
47 beside 89 prisoners. — At Bloomfield, Mo., a 
Union raid resulted in the ca2:)ture of the rebel 
Marshall and 20 prisoners. — A cavalry skirmish 
took place at Aldie, Ya., and Mosby's guerrillas 
captured 50 Union prisoners. 

March 2. — On the Salem turnpike, near 
Murfreesboro, Tenn., Morgan's cavalry was de- 
feated by United States regulars. — Near Peters- 
burg, Tenn., the rebels were defeated with a 
loss of 12 killed and 20 wounded.— 30 of Mosby's 
guerrillas were captured near Aldie, Ya. — At 
Eagleville, Tenn., a skirmish took place. 

March 3. — Bombardment of Fort McAlister 
for eight hours without substantial results. — 
The iron-clad, Indianola, captured by the rebels, 



was blown up on the approach of a sham Moni- 
tor sent past the Vicksburg batteries by the 
Union forces from above. — An action took place 
at Charlotte, Fla. — At Owne's \'alley, Tenn., a 
cavalrj' skirmish occurred. 

March 4. — ^Near Chapel Hill, Ya., the rebels 
were routed with a loss of 84 in killed and 
wounded. — At Skeet, N. C, a detachment of the 
3rd New York Cavalry defeated the rebels, kill- 
ing 28 and losing 18. 

March 5. — Near Franklin, Tenn., an engage- 
ment which was known as the battle of Thomp- 
sonville or Spring Hill took place. The force 
of Van Dorn, estimated at 20,000, attacked five 
infantry regiments, three cavalry regiments and 
a battery. After a desperate fight, the Union 
force surrendered, losing 100 killed,300 wounded 
and 1,306 prisoners. The rebel loss was over 
400. 

March 7. — At laiionville, Tenn., the com- 
mand of Colonel Minty defeated the rebel cav- 
alry, inflicting a loss of 50 killed and 180 
wounded. — A Union expedition from Belle 
Plaine, Ya., returned to that place, having 
captured a large quantity of stores and pris- 
oners. 

March 8 — .Mosby's guerrillas dashed into 
Fairfax, Va., and captured General Stoughton 
with 30 officers and privates and their equip- 
ments. — The 42nd Massachusetts captured a 
company of rebel cavalry near Newbern, N. C. 

March 9. — In an action below Port Hudson, 
a small rebel force was captured.— Near Bolivar, 
Tenn., 18 guerrillas were taken.— In a skirmish 
on Comity River, La., the rebels were dispersed. 
— A trifling action occurred at Black water 
Bridge, Ya.— At Franklin, Tenn., the 125th 
Ohio engaged in an action. 

March 10.- Grierson, with detachments of 
the 6th and 7th Illinois Cavalry, routed 400 
guerrillas, killing 25 and taking many prison- 
ers. — Colonel Minty's 4th Michigan Cavalry 



62 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



made a capture at Rutherford's Creek, Tenn. — 
A colored regiment under Col. T. W. Higgin- 
son, assisted by another colored regiment, occu- 
pied Jacksonville, Fla. 

March 1L — At Greenwood, Miss., the Union 
expedition up the Yazoo Pass, including gun- 
boats and a land force, had a skirmish without 
results. — The guard of a forage train repulsed 
a guerrilla attack, 13 miles from Paris, Ky. 

March 12.— An armed reconnoitering expe- 
dition under Gordon Granger returned to their 
point of departure, after driving VanDorn 
beyond the Duck River ; in the skirmishes 
which occurred the Union loss included nine 
soldiers. 

March 13. — The Union Heet bombarded Fort 
Pemberton at Greenwood, Miss., without suc- 
cess and withdrew. — At Spanish Wells, S. C, 
the rebels burned a U. S. signal station. — Near 
Berwick City, La., tlie lOOtli New York Infan- 
try dispersed a rebel force. 

March 14.— A rebel bombardment of New- 
bern, N. C, was terminated after four hours by 
the appearance of Union gunboats.— Admiral 
Farragut with a fleet of eight gunboats made a 
night attack on the batteries at Port Hudson 
without results. The Mississippi ran aground, 
65 of her crew were lost and she was abandoned 
and burned.— Colonel Minty's command made 
a reconnoissance of 11 days and returned to 
Murfreesboro, Teiui., on this date, with 50 
prisoners. 

March 15. — U. S. officers took possession of 
the steamer Chapman as she was about to sail 
as a rebel privateer from San Francisco, Cal. 

March 16. — A land force under Sherman 
and a naval force under Porter started on an 
expedition up Steele's Bayou, Miss., and was 
absent six days. 

March 17. — Near Franklin, Va., a Union 
repulse occurred, with a loss of 17 killed and 
wounded. — At Kelly's Ford, Va., the cavalry 



under Averill defeated a force under Fitz Hugh 
Lee, fighting four hours and capturing 86 pris- 
oners. 

March 18. — Near Berwick Bay, La., the 
rebels were routed with a loss of 30 killed and 
wounded. — A United States gunboat was sunk 
while attempting to pass the ^^icksburg bat- 
teries. 

March 19.— Skirmish on the Duck River, 
Tenn. — The English steamer Georgiana, laden 
with confederate military stores, was captured 
off Charleston, S. C. 

March 20.— At Vaught's Hill near Milton, 
Tenn., a battle occurred between six regiments 
under Colonel Hall and a large rebel force 
under Wheeler and Morgan, the latter being 
defeated with a loss of 200, the winners losing 
48 soldiers. 

March 21. — Two thousand guerrillas at- 
tacked the Union troops at Cottage Grove, 
Tenn., who were repulsed and pursued several 
miles. — At Seneca, Va., a slight Union defeat 
occurred. — Return of the expedition to the 
Yazoo after movements up the baj'ous in whicli 
large quantities of cotton, corn and some houses 
were destroyed. — Admiral Farragut's flagship, 
with the Monongahela, passed Warrenton, Miss., 
and anchored near Vicksburg. 

March 22. — At Blue Springs, Mo., Quan- 
trell's guerrillas defeated the Missouri militia. 
—Rebel cavalry captured Mount Sterling, Ky., 
with 200 men i)f the 10th Kentucky Cavalry. 

March 23. — An expedition under Rust rein- 
forced .Jacksonville, Fla. 

March 24. — Ponchatoula, La., was occupied 
by six Union regiments, the rebels retiring. — 
A skirmish occurred at Danville, Kj'. 

March 25.— At Brentwood, Tenn., 5,000 
rebels under Wheeler, Forrest and Wheaton 
attacked a garrison of 300 who were captured 
with all the stores. Gen. Green Clay Smitli 
came to the relief of the garrison, pursued the 



HISTORY OF THE CIVH. WAR. 



63 



rebels ami recaptured all the stores, which he 
destroj'ed. -Two Union rams were disabled in 
an attempt to run the batteries at A'^icksburg. — 
Dupont's fleet sailed from Hilton Head for 
Charleston, S. C. 

March 26. — An expedition returned to Carth- 
age, Tenn., after capturing prisoners and sup- 
plies at Rome, Ga. — Jacksonville, Fla., was 
evacuated and burned. — Admiral Farragut 
bombarded Warrenton, Miss., without results. 

March 28.— The U. S. gunboat Diana, with 
detachments of the r2th Connecticut and 160th 
New York, was captured by the rebels off Pat- 
tersonville, La. — On the Amite River, La., two 
Maine regiments engaged in a skirmish. — Cole's 
Island, near Charleston, S. C, was occupied by 
the Union troops. — A foraging expedition re- 
turned to Belle Plain, Va., after accomplishing 
their purpose. — The steamer Sam Gaty was 
stopped at Sibley, Mo., by rebel guerrillas, who 
killed a number of passengers and committed 
wholesale robbery, besides murdering 20 
negroes and destroying government propertj\ 
— A skirmish occurred at Hurricane Bridge, 
W. Va. 

March 29. — A detachment of the 6th Illinois 
Cavalry were attacked by guerrillas near Sum- 
merville, Tenn., who were repulsed after killing 
40 soldiers. — A cavalry skirmish took place at 
Williamsburg, Va. — An expedition en route to 
Jacksonville, Fla., engaged in a skirmish at 
Baldwin. 

March 30. — A rebel force attacked Washing- 
ton, N. C, which was garrisoned by Foster and 
were driven off by Union gunboats. — Rich- 
mond, La., was captured by the Union troops. 
— At Somerset, Ky., General Gilmore, with 
1,200 men, routed 2,800 rebels under Pogram, 
killing, wounding and capturing SOOwitii little 
loss. — At Point Pleasant, W. Ya., the rebels 
drove out the Union garrison, who recaptured 
the place on the same day.— An Indian fight 



took place at Tahliquah, I. T.— The 3rd Wis- 
consin Cavalry engaged in a skirmish on The 
Island, Mo. 

April 1. — Admiral Farragut, with three 
boats, passed the rebel batteries at Grand Gulf, 
Miss. — At Richmond, Va., a riot occurred, in 
which 3,000 women participated, the mob break- 
ing into confederate stores, and seizing provi- 
sions, bread and clothing. .Jeff Davis made a 
speech and promised cessation of grievances. — 
Detachments of the 5th Vermont and 5th New 
York Cavalry engaged Mosby's guerrillas at 
Broad Run, Va. — A cavalry fight took place at 
Chalk Bluff, Ark. 

April 2. — In an action of two days at Wood- 
bury, Tenn., Ohio Cavalry dispersed 1,200 
rebels. — At Snow Hill, Ky., Stanley's troops 
routed Morgan's rebel cavalry with small loss, 
the rebel losses amounting to 110 with 300 
horses. — A portion of Faragut's fleet ascended 
the Red River, destroying rebel gunboats on the 
way. Rebel attack on the gunboat St. Clair by 
rebels above Fort Donelson. — The Japan left 
Greenock, Scotland, for the coast of France, 
received an armament, hoisted the rebel flag 
and proceeded to sea under tlie name of the 
Georgia, as a rebel privater. 

April 3. — A skirmishing party returned to 
Fayetteville, Ark., after four successful skirm- 
ishes with the rebels. — At Reading, Peun., 
Knights of tije Golden Circle were an-ested. 

April 4. — An attempt was made at Wash- 
ington, N. C, to capture the rebel battery at 
Rodman's Point on the Pamlico River. — Lieu- 
tenant Fitch, commanding the gunboat Lex- 
ington, burned Palmyra, Tenn., in retaliation 
for firing into the St. Clair.— Two cavalry en- 
counters occurred at Madison and in Farral 
county. Ark. 

April 5. — An expedition of 8,000 Union 
troops started for Newbern, N. C, to reinforce 



64 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Foster at Washington, N. C. — Steele's expedi- 
tion started for the Black Bayou, Miss. 

April 6.^At Green Hill, Tenn., the Union 
cavalry dispersed a rebel camp, killing five and 
capturing 15 and the camp equipments and re- 
turning to Nashville. — Gunboats arrived at Pass 
a rOutre, La. 

April 7.— First attempt to recapture Fort 
Sumter. iNine iron clads and other vessels 
under Dupont opened fire on Fort Sumter. The 
firing from the rebel batteries was terrific and 
incessant for three houi'S.— A cavalry expedi- 
tion left Murfreesboro, TeniL, destined to move 
through Alabama and Georgia, for destructive 
purposes, but were pursued by Forrest's cavalry 
and, after a severe fight at Cedar Bluff, sur- 
rendered to Forrest. 

April 8. — Near Clarksville, Tenn., the steam- 
ers Saxonia and Lowell were destroyed by a 
force of 1,200 rebels. — At Broad River, S. C, 
the steamer George Washington was fired upon 
and a shot exploded the magazine, destroying 
the vessel with 29 men. — A cavalry fight oc- 
curred in St. Francis county, Missouri. 

April 9. — A skirmish took place at Blount's 
Mills, N. C. — East Pascagoula, La., was occupied 
by a colored regiment; a cavalry attack was 
repulsed, the rebels losing 70. — Execution of 
Captain A. G. Webster as a spy at Camp Lee 
near Richmond. 

April 10.— At Franklin, Tenn., 1,500 rebels 
under VanDorn attacked the command of Gor- 
don Granger and were repulsed witn a loss of 
300 dead, who were left on the field.— The 
rebels were routed near Germantown, Ky. — 21 
Union soldiers of the 5th Iowa Cavalry were 
captured near Waverly, Tenn. 

April 11. — A Union cavalry camp was 
routed near Williamsburg, Va. — A raiding 
force under Colonel Streight left Nashville, for 
Georgia. — Unimportant actions at Mount Ver- 
non, K} ., and Blackwater, Va. 



April 12. — Dupont's fleet returned from 
Charleston harbor to Port Royal. — The 5th 
Pi^nnsylvania Cavalry were surprised at Whit- 
taker's Mills, Va., but the rebels were driven 
off by the fire from Fort Magruder. —Activities 
at Irish Bend and Bisland, in which three 
divisions of the 19th Corps were involved. — 
The beginning of the siege of Suffolk, which 
continued to the 4th of May. 

April 13. — A transport ran the batteries be- 
low Washington, N. C, carrying aid to General 
Foster. — The 11th Pennsylvania Cavalry drove 
a large rebel force near Suffolk, Va. — Steele's 
expedition returned to the point of departure, 
after destroying 3,000,000 dollars worth of pro- 
perty belonging to the rebel government and 
to citizens in sympathy with the guerrillas. — 
Weitzel's command captured New Iberia, La. 
The Diana, which had been captured, and the 
Hart, an iron clad, were destroyed by the rebels 
when abandoning the place. The Union loss 
was about 300 and that of the rebels much 
larger. This is also known as the battle of 
Bayou Teche. 

April 14.— The Union gunboats, Stepping 
Stone, Mount Washington and Commodore 
Barney, after four hours cannonade, silenced 
a heavy battery on the Nansemond River, Va., 
the Union loss being 23 in killed and wounded. 

April 15. — Franklin, La., was occupied by 
the Union troops. — The siege of Washington, 
N. G, was raised by the rebels after an invest- 
ment of three weeks. — A dash by mounted 
Union infantry was made into Pikeville, Ky., 
and 17 I'ebel officers and 61 privates captured. 
— 200 Indians were captured at Spanish Fork 
Canon, Utah. — A cavalry skirmish took place 
at Dunbar's Plantation, La. 

April 16.— Admiral Porter, with 11 vessels, 
ran the Vicksburg batteries at night, losing the 
Henry Clay. — Stoneman's expedition left Fal- 
mouth, Va. — An Indian fight occurred on the 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



65 



Watojiwan River, ^fiiin., in which a detach- 
ment of the 7th Minnesota was engaged. 

April 17. — At Vermillion Bayou, La., a de- 
tachment of the 19th Corps drove the rehels, 
who burned a bridge. — A skirmish took place 
near Suttblk, Va. — Grierson left La Grange, 
Miss., on a raiding expedition ; the force in- 
cluded 100 cavalry and, after marching 800 
miles, reached Baton Rouge, La., May 1st. — 
Rebel stores were destroyed at Okalona and 
Newton, a train carrying 3,000 shells to Vicks- 
burg was exploded and the confederate ordi- 
nance works at Enterprise were destroyed, the 
whole loss being estimated at |6,000,000. 

April 18.— A reconnoitering party at Sabine 
Pass, Tex., was captured by ambushed rebels. — 
200 Union troops repulsed 3,000 rebels at Fay- 
etteville, Ark. — A cavalry brigade engaged in a 
fight at Hernando, Miss. — At Hill's Point, Va,. 
a skirmish incident to the siege of Suffolk 
took place. — Activities at Cape Romain Inlet, 
S. 0. 

April 19. — A Union victory occurred in a 
fight with rebel cavalry near Noncona, Tenn. — 
A rebel battery at West Branch on the Nanse- 
mond was stormed and captured with five can- 
non and 161 prisoners. — The Union force which 
fought at Hernando, engaged in another skir- 
mish at Coldwater, Miss. — At New Albany, 
Miss., the 7th Illinois Cavalry, connected with 
Grierson's command, engaged in a skirmish. 

April 20. — Bute La Rose surrendered to an 
attacking force of Union gunboats. — At Patter- 
son, Mo., 3,000 rebels attacked a Union force 
under Colonel Stuart and were repulsed ; the 
Union loss was 50. — At Opelousas, La., a Union 
force made an unsuccessful attack. — At Helena, 
Ark., a cavalry skirmish took place. — The 5th 
Indiana Cavalry engaged in a skirmish at 
Selina, Ky. — Minty's cavalry brigade captured 
McMinnville, Tenn. 

April 21. — At Berryville, Va., several rebels 



were captured. — West Virginia admitted into 
the Union. 

April 22. -Rebel guerrillas entered Tomp- 
kinsville, Ky., killed five Union soldiers and 
liurned several buildings. — On the Strasburg 
Road, Va., a small rebel force was defeated. — 
At Palo Alto, Miss., Grierson's raiders engaged 
in a skirmish. 

April 23. — At Tuscumbia, Ala., the Union 
troops attacked the rebels and captured the 
place. — A gunboat attack took place at Chucka- 
tuck, Xa.. 

April 24. — At Webber Falls, Ark., a rebel 
camp was captured. — A skirmish took place 
near Suttblk, Va.— At Beverly, Va., 1,000 ^'ir- 
ginia loyalists were defeated by the rebels 
under Imboden and Jackson. — The 1st Wiscon- 
sin Cavalry engaged in an action at White 
Water, Mo. — At Duck River Shoals the Lexing- 
ton and Monarch silenced the rebel batteries. 

April 25. — At Greenland Gap, W. Va., a 
garrison surrendered to 15,000 rebels, their 
building having been fired after they had re- 
pulsed three attacks and killed a number of 
rebels, exceeding the number of the entire 
garrison. 

April 26. -Battle of Cape Girardeau. 8,000 
rebels under Marmaduke and Burbridge at- 
tacked McNeill's command and were repulsed 
with heavy loss. — A Union raid was made upon 
Deer Creek, Miss., resulting in great destruction. 

April 27. — Hooker began his movements on 
Fredericksburg, Va. — 2,000 rebel cavalry occu- 
pied Morgantown, W. Va. — Near Franklin, 
Tenn., a Union cavalry force surprised a Texas 
command and captured more than 100 prisoners 
and destroyed eight wagon loads of arms. 

April 27. — Movements in Streight's raid, Ga., 
and Stoneman's raid, Va. 

April 28. — Three corps of the Army of the 
Potomac crossed the Rappahannock at Kelley's 
Ford and General Meade advanced to Chancel- 



66 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



lorsville, Va. — Near Jackson, Mo., Marmaduke's 
force was overtaken and badly defeated. — An 
unimportant skirmish took place near Mill 
Spring, Ky. — At Union Church, Miss., an action 
connected with Grierson's raid took place. — A 
skirmish occurred near Dover, N. C, and at 
Town Creek, Ala. 

Ai'RiL 29.— Fitzluigh's Crossing. The 1st 
corps of Hooker's army skirmished with the 
rebels during this and the day following, while 
effecting a passage over the Rappahannock. 
The remainder of the army, six corps, crossed 
at the various other fords above. — Fairmount, 
W. Va., was attacked and captured by 500 
rebel cavalry, who compelled the surrender of a 
gallant garrison of 300 Union troops.— Porter's 
fleet silenced the rebel batteries at Grand Gulf, 
Miss. — At Bloom field. Mo., the 1st Wisconsin 
Cavalry engaged in a skirmish. 

April 30.— The Gth New York Cavalry, 
while reconnoitering near Spottsylvania C. H. 
\i\., were surrounded by four rebel regiments 
and cut their way out. — Actions took place 
near Snyder's Bluff, Miss., the Union troops 
effecting a landing. — Grant's forces crossed the 
Mississippi River at Bruinsburg, Miss. — Rebel 
batteries were silenced by the Union gunboats 
on the Nansemond River, Va. — On this date 
the movements at Chalk Bluff, Mo., and Day's 
Gap, Ala., commenced. 

May 1 — 4. — Battle of C^hancellorsville. On 
the 1st day of May, the Union army com- 
menced movements at 11 o'clock in the fore- 
noon, which were designed to precipitate action 
with Lee's forces, and the two armies encoun-. 
tered each other about two and a half miles 
from Chancellorsville, and the various move- 
ments continued through the day without de- 
cisive results. On the 2nd, Stonewall Jackson 
witli 40,000 men attacked tbe right wing of 
Hooker's army under Howard, which point he 
gained by a Hank movement. That part of the 



command broke and a panic ensued. A dis- 
astrous defeat was prevented bj' the resolute 
bravery of Bushbeck's and McLean's brigades, 
which obstinately defended their positions. 
May 3rd, the engagement was resumed and, 
after a bloody battle, the Union troops forced 
back and drove the rebels, occupying the in- 
trenchments from which they had been driven 
the previous day. On the following day the 
battle was renewed and the Union troops were 
hardly pressed. During the night a consulta- 
tion was held between Hooker and his corps 
commanders and a retreat was ordered. It 
was begun and successfully consummated after 
one o'clock a. m., May 5th. The Rappahaniiock 
was crossed without the knowledge of the con- 
federates. All the Union dead and many 
wounded were left on the field. The estimated 
Union loss was 15,000 and that of the rebels 
not far from the same figures. No historian 
should pass even the most incomplete account 
of the battle of Chancellorsville, without paus- 
ing to pay tribute to the memory of Major 
Peter Keenan, commanding 400 men of the 
8th Pennsylvania Cavalry, who charged 10,000 
rebels at the sacrifice of his life and those of 
nearly the whole of his command, thereby 
preserving the army from utter ruin and his 
country from an ineffacable disgrace. By this 
plan of General Pleasanton, the advance of 
Stonewall Jackson after the rout of the 11th 
Corps was checked. — Battle of Port Gibson, 
Miss. General Grant defeated 12,000 rebels 
under General Bowen and the latter left 1,550 
killed and wounded on the field ; 500 rebels 
were captured and the reported Union loss was 
about 850. The rebels fled across Bayou 
Pierre, destroying the bridges behind them, 
which were rebuilt by Grant, whose forces con- 
tinued tbe pursuit.— At Monticello, Ky., Carter's 
brigade drove out the rebels and occupied the 
place. — A Union defeat occurred near La 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



61 



Grange, Ark. — At South Qua^' Bridge on the 
Nansemond River, Va., the 99th New York 
defeated a strong rebel force and lost 41 men. 

May 1. — A cavalry skirmish in the course of 
Grierson's raid occurred on the Tickfaw River, 
Miss., in which the 7th Illinois C'avalry were 
engaged. — At Rapidan Station, Ya., Averill's 
cavalry division connected with Stoneman's 
command engaged in a skirmish, and the 1st 
Maine Cavalry, belonging to the raiding expe- 
dition of Stoneman, engaged in a skirmish at 
Louisa C. H., Xa. 

May 2. — Frederickskurg, Va., was occupied 
by Union troops.— An armed reconnois.sance up 
the Nansemond River was made by a strong 
force under Getty, supported by a battery. — 
Marmaduke's command was driven into Arkan- 
sas. — Grieson's expedition reached Baton Rouge, 
La., after a successful march.— Heavy skirmish 
at Blount's Farm, La., during Streight's raid. 

May 3.— Charge at Marye's Heights. A 
successful assault was made on the rebel in- 
trenchments in the rear of J'redericksburg by 
a part of General Sedgwick's command. In 
spite of the terrific fire of the rebel batteries, 
the I'Uion troops, with dauntless courage, 
crossed the works, capturing eight guns and 
800 prisoners. — Mosby's guerrillas were routed 
near Warrenton .Junction, Va. — A troop of 
colored raiders returned to Beaufort, S. C, 
having captured and liberated 800 slaves and 
destroyed $2,000,000 worth of rebel property. — 
Near Gadston, Ala., 1,500 .soldiers belonging to 
Streight's raiding force were captured. This 
was the termination of the movement. — At 
Hankenson's Ferry;* Miss., a division belonging 
to the command of Grant, engaged in a skir- 
mish. 

May 4.— The fieet of Admiral Porter took 
possession of Fort DeRussy, La., at the mouth 
of the Red River, which had been evacuated 
by the rebels. — During Stoneman's raid, the 



5tli New York Cavalry engaged in a skirmisli 
at Shannon Hill, Va., and the 12th Illinois 
Cavalry at Tunstall Station, Va. 

May 5. — An advance on the rebel works on 
the Nansemond River was made by three col- 
umns of Union troops and it was found that 
they had been abandoned during the previous 
night. — Arrest of C. L. Vallandigham at Day- 
ton, Ohio. 

May 6.^A(lmiral Porter occupied Alexan- 
dria, Miss., without resistance. — At Tupelo, 
Miss., a rebel attack was made on a Missouri 
and Kansas Cavalry regiment which was de- 
feated with a loss of 90 prisoners and a large 
quantity of arms. — The LT. S. gunboat, Cuyler, 
captured the Eugenia off Mobile, Ala. 

May 7. — A reconnoissance toward White 
blouse, Va., resulted in the recapture of several 
prisoners taken by the rebels at Fredericksburg. 
— A force belonging to Stoneman's expedition 
arrived at Gloucester Point, Va., having 
marched around Lee's army. — Farragut's gun- 
boats bombarded and dismantled the rebel bat- 
teries at Washington, iVIiss. 

May 8. — Bombardment of Port Hudson, 
La. — A raiding expedition left Helena, Miss., 
and returned after 10 days, reporting the de- 
struction of a large amount of rebel stores and 
other property. — Stoneman rejoined Hooker on 
the Rappahannock, after one of the most brill- 
iant, daring and efficient cavalry raids of the 
war. 

May 9. — Resumption of the bombardment 
of Port Hudson without result.— The vicinity 
of Stone River, Tenn., was scouted by the 2nd 
Indiana Cavalry under Colonel E. M. McCook, 
guerrillas were dispersed and a large number 
of prisoners were captured. 

May 10. — At Civiques' Ferry, La., a skirm- 
ish took place, in which three infantry regiments 
were supported by a battery. — The assault on 



68 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Port Hudson was renewed and the batteries 
silenced. — Death of Stonewall Jackson. 

May 11. — At Horseshoe Bend and Bottom 
Narrows, Ky., a seven hour's engagement took 
place and 4,000 rebel guerrillas under Morgan 
were defeated with a loss of more than 100, 
the Union loss being 25. — Crystal Springs, Miss , 
was captured and burned by Union cavalry. — 
At Mount Vernon, Ark., a cavalry skirmish- 
took place under Colonel Clayton. 

May 12. — At Raymond, Miss., the rebels were 
defeated by McPherson,the rebel loss being 900 
and the Union loss about half that number. — 
An expedition left Amite River, La., on an ex- 
pedition into Mississippi. They routed the 
rebels at Tickfaw, pursued them to Camp Moore 
and destroyed a bridge over the Tangipaho 
River.— Military operations at Hammond Sta- 
tion, La. — Colonel Breckenridge made a brilliant 
dash into Linden, Tenn. — Between Franklin 
and Woodbury, Ky., a body of Union troops 
routed a squad of mounted rebels. — At Fourteen 
Mile Creek, Miss., an infantr}^ skirmish con- 
nected with tlie ^'^icksbu^g campaign took place. 

May 13. —At Ponchatoula, La., the command 
of Colonel Davis dispersed a body of guerrillas 
and Choctaw Indians, capturing 17 of the latter 
and destroying the camp. — Evacuation of Yazoo 
City, Miss., by the rebels. — At South Union, 
Ky., tlie rebels were defeated. — The 2n<l Illinois 
Cavalry engaged in a skirmish at Hall's Ferry, 
Miss. 

May 14. — Jackson, Miss., was captured by 
Grant's command after three hours obstinate 
fighting. — Joe Johnston retreated northward, 
leaving 450 killed and wounded ; the Union 
loss was 286. After three days Grant aban- 
doned the city, after destroying such buildings 
as could be of use to the rebels. — Near War- 
renton Junction, Va., a Union scouting force 
engaged in a skirmish with the Black Horse 
Cavalry. — Destruction of Hammond Station, La. 



May 15. — Infantry skirmishing near Cars- 
ville and Suffolk, Va., without results and ex- 
tending through two days. — At Edwards Station, 
Miss., Grant's troops defeated the rebels under 
Pemberton. — Destruction of Camp Moore, La. — 
At Johnson's Island near Sandusky, (^)hio, two 
men were executed for enlisting rebels within 
the Union lines. 

May 16. — Champion's Hill. After five hours 
desjjerate fighting Grant defeated Pemberton ; 
more than 5,000 rebels were killed, wounded 
and captured and the Union loss was 426 
killed, 1,842 wounded and 289 missing. — A 
recapture of a company of United States cavalry 
took place at Piedmont Station, Va. — At Berry's 
Ferry, Va., a skirmish took place, in which 
Union prisoners captured by Mosby were re- 
taken.— ^At Cripi>le Creek, Tenn., a brilliant 
cavalry dash was made by General Palmer. — 
The privateer Cuba was destroyed by the gun- 
boat DeSoto off the harbor of Mobile. — Vallan- 
digham was sentenced to Fort Warren, Boston. 

May 17.— At the Big Black River Bridge, 
General Pemberton was again defeated with 
great slaughter by General Grant; the latter 
captured o,000 prisoners and lost 273. — Pem- 
berton retreated to Vicksburg. — Commencement 
of cavalry skirmishing near Fayetteville, Va., 
which continued four days. 

May 18. — Grant's army crossed the Big Black 
River on pontoon bridges and invested Vicks- 
burg; Haines Bluffwas abandoned by the rebels 
and occupied by Porter. — Near Sherwood, Mo., 
45 Union soldiers were attacked by 200 guerril- 
las and 32 of the Union force were killed, 
wounded or captured. — The Crescent City with 
the 3rd Iowa Infantry on board was attacked 
by guerrillas.— The 170th New York Infivntry 
engaged in a skirmish at Carsville, Va. — In- 
vestment of Vicksburg by the land forces under 
Grairt and the fleet of Porter. 

May 19. — Near Winchester, Va., the rebels 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



69 



were defeated in a skirmish. — At Richmond, 
Ray Co., Mo., a body of guerrillas defeated the 
home troops and drove them out. — Unsuccess- 
ful assault on Vicksburg. 

May 20.— The rebels were defeated in a 
skirmish at Fayetteville, Va. — Near Fort Gib- 
son, Ark., and Fort Blunt, I. T., an Indian 
brigade with the assistance of the 6th Kansas 
and 3rd Wisconsin cavalry defeated the rebels, 
killing 100 and loosing 46. — Unsuccessful as- 
sault on Vicksburg. — Union cavatry raid on 
the Rappahannock below Fredericksburg, Va. 

May 21. — A general assault on the works at 
Vicksburg was repulsed after nine hours severe 
lighting and a Union loss of about 2,000 killed 
and wounded. — A skirmish between guerrillas 
and Missouri troops occurred at Plattsville, Mo. 
— At Middleton, Tenn., a considerable action 
occurred in which both infantry and cavalry 
were engaged. — At Snyder's Bluff and Walnut 
Hills the rebel batteries were captured by 
General Steele. 

May 22. — Another assault on Vicksburg was 
repulsed with terrible slaughter among the 
Union troops. — A rebel camp at Gum Swamp, 
N. C, was captured and destroyed. As the 
Union force was retiring, the rebels were rein- 
forced and a severe fight followed, resulting in 
the repulse of the rebels with a loss of 200, the 
Union loss being 67. — Kilpatrick's cavalry re- 
turned to Gloucester Point after a successful 
raid in two counties in Virginia, a Union gun- 
boat having operated in conjunction with the 
land forces. — Actions occured at Batchelor's 
Creek, N. C.,and near Austin, Miss. — The Presi- 
dent changed Vallandigham's sentence to ban- 
ishment within rebel lines. 

May 24. — Austin, Miss., was de,stroyed in 
retaliation for an attack on a vessel belonging 
to EUett's command. — Lieutenant Walker 
started up the Yazoo River on a second expe- 



dition. — At Shawnee Creek, Kan., a wagon train 
was captured by guerrillas. 

May' 25. -A force of rebels crossed the Cum- 
berland River at Fishing Creek, Ky., and met 
with a repulse. — At Senatobia, Miss., the rebels 
were routed and driven south of the Talla- 
hatchie. — General Corcoran cut the Norfolk 
and Petersburg railroad. — A skirmish occurred 
at Helena, Ark., in which the 3rd Iowa and 5th 
Kansas Cavalry engaged. — An action took i^lace 
at Franklin, La. 

May 26. — The 17th Indiana Cavalry under 
Wilder returned to Mufreesboro, after an ex- 
tended scout to McMiunville, Tenn., having 
routed the rebel cavalry, captured many pris- 
oners and destroyed property. — Colonel Corwin 
left Corinth on an expedition info AlabaTna. — 
The U. S. gunboat Cincinnati was sunk while 
attempting to pass Vicksburg batteries, 40 of 
her crew being lost. — A cavalry action took 
place at Woodbury, Tenn. 

May 27.— Siege of Port Hudson, La. Gen- 
eral Banks assaulted Port Hudson along the 
whole line, the columns being commanded by 
Sherman, Weitzel, Grover, Paine and Auger; 
Arnold commanded the artillery and Farragut 
the gun and mortar boats. The action of this 
day was unsuccessful, the Union loss in killed 
and wounded being 800. The 1st Louisiana 
negro regiment acquitted themselves with great 
bravery. — At Lake Providence, La., a colored 
regiment engaged in a skirmish. — At Big Elk 
River Bridge, Miss., a skirmish occurred. 

May 28. — Return of Clendennin's scouting 
party on tlie Rappahannock and the Potomac 
to Hooker's headquarters after 11 days, in 
which a great amount of mischief to the rebels 
was wrought. — The 54th Massachusetts Regi- 
ment of colored troops, the first sent from the 
North, left Boston for Hilton Head, S. C. — In a 
skirmish near Doniphan, Mo., a slight Union 
defeat took place, the Union loss being 80,— 



70 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Bluffton, S. C, was destroyed. — A rebel victory 
occurred near Somerset, Ky. 

May 29. — Stuart's cavalry was routed near 
Thorouglifare Gap, Va. — A successful raiding 
party returned to Lake Providence, La. 

May 30. — A cavalry engagement took place 
at Greenwich, Va., the Union force pursuing 
and defeated a body of rebels. — Near Kettle 
Run, Va., a forage train of 14 cars was de- 
stroyed. — A rebel camp near Carthage, Tenn., 
was captured. — Four U. S. gunboats took pos- 
session of Tappahannock, Xa. — Return of a 
successful expedition from the Teche country 
to New Orleans, which brougiit in 625 wagons, 
1,500 cattle, 3,120 mules and 5,975 negroes. 

May 31. — Colonel Corwin returned to Cor- 
inth, having defeated-Roddy's guerrillas on the 
27th, at Florence, Ala., and destroyed factories, 
mills, foundries and a large amount of ammu- 
nition and arms. — The rebels defeated the 
Union militia in Lincoln county. Mo. — 16 rebels 
were captured near Monticello, Ky. — The gun- 
boat, Alert, burned accidentally at the Norfolk 
navy yard. 

June 1. — A reconnoissance in .search of .Joe 
Johnston under E. P. Blair, whicii started May 
29th, returned without success. — Skirmishing 
occurred in Howard county. Mo. — James Island 
was evacuated by the rebels. 

June 2. — West Point, Va., evacuated by the 
Union troops. 

June 3. —Admiral Foote relieved Admiral 
Dupont from the command of the South Atlan- 
tic s(juadron. — A regnnent of colored troops 
left Beaufort and went up tiie Coosaw River, 
destroying a million dollars worth of property 
and returning with a thousand negroes for the 
Union service. — The rebel privateer, Florida, 
captured the ship, Tacony, of Philadelphia, 
and tlie rebel command was transferred to the 
captured vessel ; the Florida was burned. — Con- 



tinuation of the bombardment of Port Hudson. 
— Skirmish near Winchester, Tenn. 

June 4. — Near Murfreesboro, Tenn., Wheeler 
was rej)ulsed by two Indiana regiments. — Sim- 
ultaneous rebel charges were made at Franklin 
and Triune, Tenn., and both commands were 
defeated. — A rebel force was defeated at Sarto- 
ria, Miss. — An expedition from Yorktown, Va., 
proceeded to Walkertown and thence to Ay- 
lett's Inlet, where they destroyed a foundry, 
mills and stores. — Rebel guerrillas were de- 
feated near Fairfax, A'a. — Lynnsport, La., was 
destroyed by Union gunboats. — At Bluffton, S. 
C, the 48th New York engaged in a skirmish. 
— A cavalry engagement took place at Frying 
Pan, Va. — At Clinton, La., Grierson's cavalry 
engaged in a skirmish. 

June 5.— A fight took place at Deep Run, 
Va., which was a Union success, 150 rebel 
sharpshooters being captured. — Another por- 
tion of the .same command made a successful 
reconnoissance of the rebel position at Frank- 
lin's Crossing on the Rappahannock. In the 
skirmisiiing, 75 Union soldiers were killed and 
wounded and 96 rebel prisoners captured. — 
On the Warwick River, \'a., a detachment of 
the 6th New York Cavalry destroyed 23 boats 
and a schooner.— A rebel guerrilla force was 
routed at Liberty, Tenn. 

June 6. — In a railroad accident near Nicho- 
lasville, Ky., 18 Union soldiers were injured. — 
The rebel General McCulloch, with 2,500 troops 
attacked the 23rd Iowa and 575 colored soldiers 
at Milliken's Bend. 100 negroes were killed in 
cold blood, the rebels refusing to take them 
prisoners. Tlie entire Union loss was 500 and 
that of the rebels 725, who were repulsed, leav- 
ing 125 dead on the field. — An action took 
place at Shawneetown, Kan.— The 67th Penn- 
sylvania Infantry engaged in an action at 
Berryville, Va. 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



71 



June S.— Skirinishes occurred at Culpepper, 
Va., and Brunswick, Mo. 

June 9.— At Monticello and Rocky Gap, Ky., 
a cavalry action took place in which the Union 
loss was 4 killed and 26 wounded, the rebels 
losing 20 killed and 80 wounded. — An engage- 
ment between the troops of Pleasanton and Lee 
occurred at Brandy Station and Beverly Ford 
resulted in the killing and wounding of 500 
Union soldiers and a rebel loss of 700. 

June 1L — A cavalry skirmish, supported- by 
a L^. S. battery of artillery occurred at Middle- 
ton, \'a., the rebels sutfering a loss of 8 killed 
and 42 wounded. — Skirmishes and other mili- 
tary movements occurred at Orleans, Md., 
Poolesville, S. C, Slate Creek, Va., Seneca, S. 
C. and Darien, Ga. 

June 13.— Battle of Winchester, Va. Ewell, 
with a large force advanced upon Milroy, who 
had been lying some time at Winchester with 
7,000 troops. After a heavy fight, Milroy 
retreated to Chambersburg, Pa., having lost 
2,300 men captured, a considerable number in 
killed and wounded and with his command 
utterly broken and routed. — -Skirmishes took 
place at "Wilsons' Creek, Mo., Eunice, Ark., 
and Alligator Harbor, Fla. 

June 14. — Military movements took place at 
Hagerstown, Md., Fairfax, and Martinsburg, 
Xa. 

June 15. — Activities occurred at Greencastle, 
Ky., Chambersburg, Md., New Kent,.Va., and 
at Richmond, La. • 

June 16. A .severe skirmi.sh occurred at 
Triplett's Bridge, Ky., with a Union loss of 15 
killed and 30 wounded. — Activities took place 
at Fleming's, Tenn., Harper's Ferry, Md., Lit- 
tles Town, Penn., and at Riclimond, Miss. 

June 17. — Kilpatrick's cavalry raided Aldie, 
Va., suffering a loss of 24 killed, 41 wounded 
and 89 missing ; the rebel loss was 100 wounded. 
Movements at Cbattahoochie, Ga., Paoli, Kas., 



Point of Rocks, Md., Warsaw Sound, Ga., Cory- 
dou, Ky., Orleans Md.— In a skirmish at West- 
port, Mo., 14 were killed and six wounded. — 
The rebel gunboat Atlanta was captured by 
the U. S. iron clad, Weehawken, the rebels los- 
ing one killed, 17 wounded and 145 prisoners. 

June 18. — Skirmishes took place at MidiUe- 
burg, \'a., Ripley, Tenn., Pocahontas, Miss., 
Fernando, Miss., and at Philomont, \'a. 

June 20. — Activities occurred at Frederick, 
Md., and South Quay, Va.— In a skirmish at 
Rocky Crossing, Miss., the l^nion loss was seven 
killed, 28 wounded and 30 mis.sing.— A light 
occurred at La Fourclie Crossing, La., in which 
the Federal loss was eight killed and 40 
wounded ; the rebels lost 35 killed and 150 
wounded. 

June 21. — Pleasanton's cavalry met the 
rebels at Upperville, Xa., and won the day 
with a loss of 94 wounded ; the rel)el loss was 
20 killed, 100 wounded and 60 missing. — 
Skirmishing took place at South Mountain, 
Va., Cypress Bend, Miss., and Middlelnirg, \'a. 

June 22. — In a skirmish at Hill's Planta- 
tion, Miss., the Union less was four killed and 
10 wounded. 

June 23. — A skirmish took place at Brashear 
City, La., resulting in a Union loss of 46 killed, 
40 wounded and 300 missing; the rebel loss 
was 3 killed and 18 wounded. At Boston 
Mountain, Ky., and at Thibodeau, La., skir- 
mishes occurred. 

June 23 to 30. — In the course of Rosecrans' 
campaign from Murfreesboro to Tullahoma, 
fights occurred at Shelby ville, Middleton, Hoov- 
er's Gap, Beech Grove, Ijiberty Gap, Elk River, 
Tenn., and Winchester and Tullahoma were 
occupied. 

June 24. — Skirmishes took place at Hanover 
C. H., Va., West Point, Va., Shippensburg, 
Pa., Panola, Miss., Thibodeaux, La., Coldwater 
River, Miss, 



72 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



June 25. — Skirmishes occurred at Wartrace, 
and Duck River, Tenn., Carlisle, Pa., and Fair- 
fax, Va. 

June 26. — The Union forces, commanded by 
Colonel Spear, captured the command of Ctcu. 
W. F. Lee at South Anna, Va., witli 300 horses 
and 35 wagons, loaded with supplies and 
munitions of war. 

June 27. —Activities took place at Fairfax 
and Anandale, Va., Portland, Md., Wriglits- 
ville, Tenn., and at York, Pa.; the rebels 
demanded $100,000 of the citizens at the latter 
place. 

June 28. — At the points named under this 
date various movements occurred ; South Anna 
and Rockville, Va.; Hillsboro and Hillsboro 
River, Ark., Columbia, Pa., Sporting Hill, Pa., 
Rover, Tenn., Oyster Point and Piuola. 

June 29. — Skirmishes took place at Wrights- 
ville, Tenn., Hagerstown, New Windsor, Sykes- 
ville, Reistertown, Md., Mariottsville, Ga., 
Dechard, Tenn., and Goodrich's Landing. 

June 30.— Skirmi.shes occurred at Sporting 
Hill and York, Pa., at Cashtown, Pa., Col- 
umbia, Tenn., Maryland Heights, Md., and 
Cabin Creek, Kas. 

July 1. — Battle of Gettysburg. After the 
fight at Chancellorsville, the two armies re- 
mained for some time inactive. Rumors of 
preparation in the rebel army for an invasion 
of Maryland or Pennsylvania prevailed during 
the latter days of May, and in June reconnois- 
sances by details from the Federal array began. 
Engagements took place at Beverlj' Ford and 
Brandy Station and, at the latter place, letters 
were captured wiiich indicated that Longstreet 
was already advancing Northward. It was dis- 
covere'd that cavalry were massing on theupjier 
Rappahannock and, before Hooker was aware, 
the rebel movement was far advanced. There 
were also indications that Washington might 
be the objective point of the rebels, and Hooker 



disposed his command for the protection of the 
Federal capital. The main army of Lee ad- 
vanced into Pennsylvania in two divisions, and, 
on the 27th of June, one column was 13 miles 
from Harrisburg. The other passed Gettysburg 
on the 2Sth and advanced to a point 30 miles 
south of Harrisburg. On the 28th, York was 
placed under a levy of $100,000 in Treasury^ 
Notes and a large amount of supplies. On the 
same date Lee, ordered a concentration of his 
forces on Gettysburg. Hooker's command had 
advanced to Frederick, Md., and, on this date 
he asked to be relieved, when General Meade 
was appointed to the command of the Army of 
the Potomac. The army was put in motioTi 
the next day and Reynolds was ordered to move 
forward to Gettj'sburg. July 1st he sent Gen- 
eral Buford with a cavalry force of 6,000 on a 
reconnoissance. He followed closely to find 
that Buford was hotly engaged with the rebels 
and hardly pressed. With the 1st Corps, com- 
prising 8,000 men, bedashed into the town and 
formed his lines under cover of Seminary Hill, 
opposing his weary soldiers against 20,000 rebels 
fresh from rest and inaction. He sent an 
urgent message to General Howard, in command 
of the 11th Corps, comprising 15,000 men and 
continued the struggle against the fearful odds. 
He fell early in the fight and General Double- 
day, assuming the command, held the Spartan 
troops until one o'clock, when two divisions of 
Howard's command arrived on the field. That 
general ordered his. remaining forces to occupy 
Cemetery Hill, foreseeing that a retreat was 
inevitable. The rebels charged the Union 
troops through the streets of Gettysburg and 
considerable confusion ensued when, suddenly, 
an artillery fire opened from Cemetery Hill and 
tiie rebel advance was checked. Atone o'clock 
in the morning General Meade arrived on 
Cemetery Ridge with the main part of the Army 
of the Potomac. On the morning of the 2nd 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



73 



of July General Lee found liimsel confronted by 
the bulk of the Army of the Potomac. Activi- 
ties were delayed until about four in the after- 
noon when Lougstreet hurled his force against 
the Union "left" with the purpose of occupy- 
ing Round Top Hill. The fighting was terrific ; 
for a time it seemed as though the LTnion lines 
must yield but, reinforcements arriving, the 
federal troops dashed down upon the rebels 
and, with fierce cries, drove them in utter rout 
over the sharp and rolling stones. Mean- 
while, General Ewell had been massing his 
troops, to take the Baltimore road. About 
sundown he attacked the 11th Corps which 
was posted just northeast of Cemetery Hill, 
and he gained a foothold there which might 
give him control of the desired position 
in the morning. Such was the situation when 
night fell. Early on the morning of the 3rd, 
General Slocum made a vigorous attack on 
Ewell with a determination to regain the posi- 
tion lost the day before. The engagement 
soon became general ; rebel sharpshooters were 
posted in the houses of Gettysburg and per- 
formed effective service in picking off Union 
officers. This necessitated the shelling of the 
houises, but, fortunately, only a few were de- 
stro^'ed. Ewell's resistance was stubborn, but 
before noon he was driven back with fearful 
loss and the Union lines were re-established. 
For two hours hardly a gun was fired. Lee, be- 
coming convinced of the uselessness of 
further attempts on the Union right, deter- 
mined on a desperate onslaught on the Union 
lelt center, held by Hancock and in line of 
Meade's headquarters. About two o'clock the 
silence was broken by the thunder of two hun- 
dred rebel guns. The scheme was under- 
stood by the Union commanders and every 
Union gun on Cemetery Ridge and to the 
right and left was placed in position to act at 
the moment of crisis. The rebels followed 



their artillery onset with an infantry charge, and 
a line four miles in length rolled forward in a 
billow of battle until it was near enough for a 
deadly and effective fire from the Union guns, 
and Meade hurled against it his lines of 
infantry in unison with the cannonade with 
such terrific force that, at four o'clock in the 
afternoon of July 3rd, the day was won at Get- 
tysburg. On the 4th, the dead were buried, 
the wounded were being cared for and, in the 
afternoon, the rebel trains began to move 
Southward and, at dark the remainder of the 
rebel army was in motion. Lee took a position 
at Williamsburg, but retired as Meade ad- 
vanced, and continued his retrograde until he 
reached the Rappahannock. The Union losses 
at Gettysburg included 2,834 killed, 13,709 
wounded and 6,643 missing. The aggregate 
rebel loss was 31,621. 

July 1. — Skirmishes and other aflPairs inci- 
dent to war occurred at Dechard, Tenn., Cabin 
Creek, Kas., Baltimore and Baltimore Cross 
Roads, Ky. ; and at 

July 2. — Beverly, Bottom's Bridge, Hunters- 
town, Rock Creek and Springs, Va. 

July 3. — Skirmishes occurred at Cashtown 
and Manchester, Pa., Cowan, Tenn., Morris 
Ferry and Farm, SufiFolk, Va., and at Harper's 
Ferry, Md. 

July 4. — Surrender of Vicksburg, Miss., by 
General Pemberton to General Grant. The 
casualties of the siege, (lasting 80 days) in- 
cluded 8,575 killed and wounded on the Union 
side and 10,000 confederates killed and 
wounded ; 27,000 prisoners surrendered who 
were paroled on the spot. — At Helena, Ark., an 
engagement between General Prentiss' division 
of the 16th Corps and the U. S. gunboat Tyler 
and the confederates under Generals Price, 
Holmes and Marmaduke took place, in which 
the latter were defeated with a loss of 173 
killed and 687 wounded, 1,000 prisoners being 



74 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



taken; Union loss: killed 57, wounded 117 
and missing 32. — Skii-mislies at Tebb's Bend, 
Ky., Middletown, Md., and Rockey Hill, Va. 

July 4 and 5. — At Bolton and Birdsong 
Ferry, Miss., General Sherman's forces captured 
2,000 confederates forming the rear of Johns- 
ton's army. — In a cavalry skirmish at Monterey 
Gap and Smithsburg, Md., and Fairfield, Pa., 
Kilpatrick's cavalry lost 30 in killed and 
wounded ; confederate loss was 30 killed and 
800 wounded. 

July 5. — Skirmish at Lebanon, Ky„ with a 
loss to the Union force of eight killed and 15 
wounded ; confederate loss, three killed and six 
wounded. 

July 5. — Skirmish at Wade's Point, ^"a., and 
at Chambersburg, Mo. 

July 6.— At Quaker's Bridge, N. C, a fight 
occurred in which six regiments and two bat- 
teries (Union) were involved. — At Hagerstown 
and Williamsport, Md., Kilpatrick's cavalry 
had a skirmish with the rebels. 

July 7. — In a cavalry encounter at luka. 
Miss., the Union force lost five killed and three 
wounded. — Skirmishes took place at Corinth 
and Natchez, Miss., Cumberland, Ky., and 
Lookout Mountain and Valley, Tenn. — At 
Boonesboro, Mo., a skirmish took place between 
the cavalry of Buford and Kilpatrick, resulting 
in a loss to the latter of nine killed and 45 
wounded and covering two days. 

July 8. — Affair at Antietam, Md. 

July 9.— Surrender of Port Hudson by Gen- 
eral Gardner to General Banks after an invest- 
ment of 45 days. During the campaign and 
siege 5,000 prisoners had been taken and, on 
the date mentioned 6,400 prisoners of war 
marched out of the city. This removed the 
last barrier to the free navigation of the Missis- 
sippi River by the U.S.Government.-An engage- 
ment at Jackson, Miss., was followed by others 
at Bolton Depot, Canton and Clinton, Miss., 



within a week and including a loss of 100 
killed, 800 wounded and 100 missing to the 
Union forces engaged and to the confederates, 
71 killed, 504 wounded and 764 missing. 

July 10. — Admiral Dahlgren commenced 
the attacks ou the forts in Charleston harbor 
supported by a land force under General Gil- 
more. Fort Wagner was attacked and surren- 
dered September 6th. Between the two dates, 
the Union loss was 1,757 killed, wounded and 
missing; confederate loss, 561. Skirmishes, 
etc.,at Boonesboro, Sharpsburg, Md., Salem, Ind., 
Morris Island, S. C, also at 

July 11. — Antietam, Funktown, Md., and 
Vienna, Mo. 

July 12.— Skirmishes and other activities 
occurred at Funktown and Hagerstown, Md., 
and at Natchez, Miss. — An encounter between 
the Union solders and confederates at Jackson, 
Miss., involved a loss to the former of 300 
killed and wounded. On the same day, an en- 
gagement took place in the vicinity, with a 
Union loss of 13 killed and wounded, while 
that of the confederates included 175 killed 
and wounded and the release of 400 conscripts. 
— A skirmish at Ashby's Gap involved a Union 
loss of two killed and eight wounded. 

July 13. — At Yazoo City, Miss., jthe division 
of General Herron with three gunboats, made 
an attack and captured 250 prisoners. — In an 
engagement at Jackson, Tenn., between four 
regiments of Union cavalry and several regi- 
ments of confederate troops, the casualties to 
the former were two killed and 20 wounded, 
and that of the latter included 38 killed and 
150 wounded. — At Donaldsonville, La., an at- 
tack on the rebels was made by portions of 
Weitzel's and Grover's divisions of the 19th 
Army Corps in which the attacking force met 
with a loss of 450 killed, wounded and miss- 
ing.— The draft in New York commenced on 
the 11th and on Monday, the 13th, the riot 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



75 



began with the destruction of the building in 
wliich it was prosecuted and, simultaneously, 
robbery, malicious acts towards citizens and 
general defiance to law and order supervened. 
The scenes of confusion continued four days 
and the disturbance was finally quelled by 
troops ordered from the army in Virginia to 
New York ; 1,000 persons had been killed 
among the rioters and about 50 of the op- 
posers of the riot. $2,000,000 worth of prop- 
erty was destroyed.— Skirmishes, etc., took place 
at Big Miami, Harrison and Harrison's Island, 
Ohio, at Venice and Williamstown, Va., and at 
Williamsport, Md. 

JuiA'H. — The 3rd Cavalry Division of the 
Army of the Potomac attacked the rebels under 
General Pettigrew at Falling Waters, Md.; the 
rebel commander was killed together with 125 
soldiers and 1,500 prisoners were captured. The 
Union loss was 29 killed and 36 wounded.— 
An engagement occurred at Elk River, Tenn., 
with a Union loss of 10 killed and 30 wounded ; 
confederate loss, 60 killed, 24 wounded and 100 
missing. — Skirmishing, etc.: Williamsport, Md.; 
Williamsburg, Va.; La Fourche, Ark.; Fort 
Powhatton, Va.; Chillicothe, Mo.; Chattanooga, 
Tenn.; Red River, La. 

July 15. — President Lincoln issued a procla- 
mation, appointing Aug. 6th a day of National 
Thanksgiving for the Union victories of Gettys- 
burg and Vicksburg. In a skirmish at Pulaski, 
Ala., the confederate loss was three killed and 
50 missing. — An encounter with the rebels at 
Haltown, Va., resulted in a loss of 25 Union 
soldiers and 20 confederates.r— Skirmishes at 
Charleston, \^a., and Hickman, Ky. 

July 16. — The steamer Imperial arrived at 
New Orleans from St. Louis ; this was the first 
trip made on the Mississippi River in two years. 
— A skirmish occurred at Shepherdstown, Va., 
in whicii the rebels lost 25 killed and 75 



wounded. — Skirmishes occurred at Elk Creek, 
Ark., Piketon, Mo., and James Island, Va. 

July 17. — At Honey Springs on Elk River, 
Ark., a hot engagement took place between 
General Blunt with 3,000 infantrj^ 250 cavalry 
and four pieces of artillery and General Cooper 
with 6,000 rebels ; after several hours' heavy 
fighting the rebels were defeated, leaving the 
Federals in possession of the field and 150 of 
their dead, 77 prisoners and 400 wounded, whom 
they afterwards removed. Cabell arrived too 
late for the fight with 3,000 Texans and retired 
during the night. The Union loss was 17 
killed and 60 wounded. The rebel supplies and 
munitions of war were also captured. — A fight 
occured at Wytheville, W. Va., with a loss of 17 
killed and 61 wounded among the Union sol- 
diers and a confederate loss of 75 killed and 
125 missing. — Six I'egiments of infantry, four 
of cavalry and a battery of artillery encountered 
the rebels in force at Canton, Miss., forcing them 
to evacuate the town. — Skirmishes etc. : Elk 
Creek, Ark. ; Huutsville, Ala. ; Corinth, Miss. 

July 18. — The action known as "Potter's 
cavalry raid" to Tar River and Rocky Mount, 
N. C, resulted in a Union loss of 60 wounded. 
— Skirmishes etc. : Morris Island and Holly 
Springs, Miss. 

July 19. — The Union forces, commanded by 
Colonels Tolland and Powell, destroyed the 
Virginia and Tennessee railroad at Wytheville, 
Va., and lost 65 in killed and wounded. Con- 
■ federate loss, 75 killed and 150 prisoners.— 
Skirmi.shes occured at Sparta, Tenn., Cooley- 
ville. Miss., and Greenville, Mo. 

July 20. — Skn-mishes at Geiger's Creek, Pa.; 
Gregg's Creek, and Pomeroy. 

July 22. — Skirmish at Brashear City, La. 

July 23. — In an encounter with the rebels 
at Manassas and Chester Gaps, Va., the Union 
force lost 30 killed and 80 wounded. The con- 
federate loss was 300 killed and 60 prisoners. 



76 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



An unimportant affair transpired at Front 
Royal, Va. 

July 24. -Skirmishes took place at Brashear 
City, La.; Washington, Ohio; Big Mound, Miss., 
and Charleston, S. C. 

July 26. — In a skirmish at Pattacassey 
Creek, N. C, three Union soldiers were killed, 
and 17 wounded. They belonged to the force 
of General Hickman. — An affair of small mo- 
ment took place at Smyrna, Tonn. 

July 27. — Collision at Lexington, Tenn. 

July 28. — Affair at Richmond, Ky. 

July 29. — Skirmishes on the following dates 
at the following places: Natchez; Paris, Ky.; 
Paris, Va.; St. Catharines, Mo. 

July 30 and 31. — Fairfax, and Paris, Va.; 
Paris, Ky.; Winchester, Ky.; Stanford, Ky. 

Aug. 1. — Actions to August 3rd, at Rappa- 
hanock Station, Brandy Station and Kelly's 
Ford, Va., with a Union loss of 16 killed and 
134 wounded. — Skirmishes at Aldie, Va., and 
Bird's Point, Mo. 

Aug. 3. — At Jackson, La., three regiments of 
U. S. colored troops had an encounter with the 
rebels in which they lost two killed, two 
wounded, and 27 missing.— Skirmishing took 
place at Smith's Island, and Jackson, N. C. 

Aug. 5. — In a naval engagement on the 
James river, at Dutch Gap, Va., m which the 
U. S. gunboats, Commodore Barney and Co- 
hassett were engaged ; the loss on the Union 
side was three killed and one wounded. — Skir- 
mish at White Oak Bridge, Va. 

Aug. 6. — Slight skirmish at Fairfax, Va. 

Aug. 7. — In an action at New Madrid, Mo., 
the Union loss was one killed and one 
wounded. 

Aug. 9. — A cavalry encounter took place at 
Sparta, Tenn., in which the Union force lost six 
killed and 25 wounded. — Small affair at Wood- 
ville, Mo. 



Aug. 11. — At Accatink, Va., an unimportant 
skirmish occurred. 

Aug. 12.— On Point Rock River, Md., an 
affair of no consequence occurred. 

Aug. 13. — A considerable engagement took 
place at Grenada, Miss., in which several Union 
regiments were engaged ; casualities not ob- 
tainable. 

Aug. 14.— At West Point, on the White 
river. Ark., an action took place, in which the 
32nd Iowa Infantry was supported by the 
United States gunboats, Lexington, Cricket 
and Mariner. The town was shelled and the 
Union loss included two killed and seven 
wounded. — At Poolesville, S. C, an affair took 
place without important results. 

Aug. 15. — Skirmishes occurred at Pasquo- 
tonk and Hertford. 

Aug. 16. — A slight engagement without re- 
sults took place at Bridgeport, Ky. 

Aug. 17. — Fort Sumter fired on ; attacks fol- 
lowed on the 20th, and 22nd. 

Aug. 18. — At Pocahontas, Ark., a slight affair 
occurred. 

Aug. 21. — Quantrell, with a guerrilla force 
of 300, raided Lawrence, Kansas, destroying the 
finest buildings and at 10 o'clock in the morn- 
ing 140 men had been slaughtered, 24 wounded 
and 200 buildings pillaged and burned and, 
when the rebels took their departure, the flames 
were raging. — On the same day unimportant 
scrimmages occurred at Chattanooga, Tenn., 
and Leestown, Va. 

Aug. 22. — At Pocahontas, Ark., Gen. Jeff C. 
Thompson, (rebel) and staff, together with 100 
prisoners were captured. 

Aug. 23.— Skirmish at Shell Mound, Miss., 
without important results. 

Aug. 24. — In a skirmish at Coyle's Tavern 
in the vicinity of Fairfax C. H., Va., two Union 
soldiers were killed and three wounded ; the 
confederate loss was two killed and four 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



77 



wounded. — At Fredericksburg, Va., Little River, 
Mo., and Corbin's Bridge, skirmisbes of bttle 
moment took place. 

Aug. 25. — Averill, with a cavalry force, made 
a raid in West Virginia which occupied five 
days and in which were slaughtered three 
Union soldiers and 10 others wounded. — At 
Perry ville, Ky., a slight encounter occurred. — 
Davidson with a considerable cavalry force 
made a six-days raid on Brownsville, Texas. 
A skirmish took place at Bayou Metoe and 
Austin, Ark., in which 13 Union soldiers were 
killed and 72 wounded. 

Aug. 26. — In a cavalry dash into West Vir- 
ginia, a lively skirmish occurred at Rocky Gap 
in the Allegheny Mountains, in the vicinity of 
White Sulphur Springs, in which the Union 
loss was 16 killed and 113 wounded ; confeder- 
ate loss, 156 killed and wounded. — A consider- 
able encounter occurred at Perryville, Ark., also 
at Vinegar Hill in the series of actions under 
General Gilmore on the forts in Charleston har- 
bor. 

Aug. 27. — Skirmishes occurred at Hartwood 
Church, Va.; Bayou Metoe, Ark.; Clark's Neck, 
Ky.; Vicksburg, Miss., also at 

Au(i. 29. — Bottom's Bridge, Va.; Maysville, 
Ala., and 

Aug. 30. — At Stevenson, Ala., and Falling 
Waters, Va. 

Aug. 31. — At Vandalia, Ind., a riot was 
threatened ; at Austin, Ark., a slight cavalry 
skirmish took place. 

Sept. 1. — In a scrimmage at Barbee's Cross 
Roads, Va., the Gth Ohio cavalry encountered 
a force of rebels and lost two men killed and 
four wounded. — In Arkansas, at Devil's Back 
Bone, known also as Fort Smith and Cotton 
Gap, a sharp encounter occurred conducive to 
the general results of Steele's operations to se- 
cure the State to the United States. — At Fort 



Royal and Knoxville, Tenn., unimportant af- 
fairs occurred. 

Sept. 2. — Skirmishes at Kingston, Tenn., 
and Port Conway, Va. 

Sept. 3. — On this date, two infantry regi- 
ments and one cavalry regiment had a fight 
with the Indians at White Stone Hill, Dak. 
Ter., which continued until the night of the 
5th. 

Sept. 4. — Continuation of the affair at Knox- 
ville, Tenn. 

Sept. 5. — In a skirmish at Limestone Sta- 
tion, Tenn., in which five companies of the 100th 
Ohio Infantry was involved, the action resulted 
in a loss to the command of 12 killed and 20 
wounded; confederate loss, 6 killed and 10 
wounded. — At Moorefield, W. Va., the 1st West 
Virginia Infantry sustained an attack from 
rebel invaders. 

Sept. 6. — ^At Brandy Station, Va., a cavalry 
encounter occurred. —The beginning of the end 
of the actions in Charleston harbor was manifest. 

Sept. 7.— Evacuation of Fort Wagner. Two 
fruitless assaults were made on Fort Wagner 
by the ironclads under Admiral Dahlgren. 
Heavy siege guns were placed in position and 
the land forces under Gilmore made another 
effort to accomplish the desired result and met 
with repulse with great loss, especially to the 
colored regiments. Other batteries were placed 
ill position and the work carried on, the 
" Swamp Angel " sending shells into the city of 
Charleston. (The gun burst on the 36th round.) 
An order was issued by Gilmore to carry the 
fort by storm, but the entrenchments were 
evacuated by the rebels on the 7th after a 
bombardment of three weeks. Fort Gregg 
surrendered or was evacuated and 26 heavy 
guns were captured. Meanwhile, Charleston 
had been persistently shelled and Fort Sumter 
reduced to shapeless ruin.— At Cumberland 
Gap, Ky., and Morgan's Bend, skirmishes took 



78 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



place ; also at Bear Skin Lake, Mo., at Ashley's 
Mills, Ark., and on the Atchafaylaya River, La. 

Sept. 8. — On this day and on the 9th and 
10th, operations were carried on at Chattanooga, 
Tenn., including an overlooking of the situa- 
tion at Lookout Mountain. — Skirmishes, etc., at 
Baton Rouge, La., Bath, Va., Frick's Gap, Pa., 
Trenton, Tenn., Sabine Pass, La., and Winston's 
Gap, Md. — A night attack on Fort Sumter was 
made. 

Sept. 9. — Skirmishes, etc.: Dardanelle, Ark., 
Fort Moultrie, S. C, Tilford, Cumberland Gap, 
Tenn., Weber's Falls, Ind. Territory. 

Sept. 10. — Knoxville, Tenn., was occupied by 
the Union force under General Burnside. — At 
Fort Smith a skirmish occurred. — At Little 
Rock, Ark., and Brimstone Creek, Tenn., 
skirmishes occurred. 

Sept. 11. — Skirmishes, etc.: Pine Bluff, Ark., 
Moorefield, W. Va., Stevens' Gap, Ringgold, 
Ga., Waldron, Ark.; at Ringgold the Union loss 
was eight killed and 19 wounded ; confederate 
casualties, three killed and 18 missing. 

Sept. 10. — Little Rock, Ark., surrendered to 
the Union troops under General Steele. — At 
Graysville, Ga., a squad of cavalry belonging 
to the Army of the Cumljerland encountered 
the rebels. 

Sept. 12. — In an action at Sterling's Plan- 
tation, La., the Union troops lost three killed 
and three wounded. 

Sept. 13. — At Culpepper, Va., an encounter 
resulted in a Union loss of three killed and 40 
wounded; confederate loss, 10 killed, 40 wounded 
and 75 missing. Skirmishes etc. : Swallow 
Blutf and Paris, Tenn.; Grant's Bluff, Ind.; 
Lett's Tanyard, Ga. In the latter, Wilder's 
mounted brigade sustained a loss of 50 killed 
and wounded and the confederates the same. 

Sept. 14. — Cavalry skirmish at Rapidan 
Station, in which the loss to the Union troops 
was eight killed and 40 wounded. — In a similar 



encounter at Mdalia, La., the Federals lost two 
killed and four wounded ; confederate loss six 
killed and 11 wounded. — The 5th Kansas cav- 
alry fought two days at Brownsville, Ark. — A 
skirmish took place at Seneca Station, Ind. Ter. 

Sept. 15. — Cavalry skirmishes at Hendrick's, 
Miss., and Sraithfield, Va. — A scrinimage oc- 
curred at Dover Landing, Miss. 

Sept. 16. — At White Plains, Va., a skirm- 
ish occurred. 

Sept. 19. — Battle of Chickamauga, Ga. This 
battle was conducted by the Army of the Cum- 
berland under Major-General Rosecrans and 
included the 14th Army Corps, General Thomas 
commanding, the 20th Corps under General 
McCook and the 21st Corps, commanded by 
General Crittenden with the Reserve Corps 
under General Gordon Granger. The opposing 
confederate force was commanded by General 
Bragg re-enforced by Longstreet, sent from the 
rebel army on the Potomac for that purpose, 
Buckner's division was also attached to Bragg's 
command and, contrary to all the rules of war, 
Pemberton's men, paroled by Grant at Vicks- 
burg, increased the rebel forces. Battle was 
precipitated by the 14th Corps and by 10 o'clock 
in the morning of the first day the troops on 
both sides were heavily engaged. The rebels 
were first driven back, which was followed by 
a like result to the Union force. In many parts 
of the field the contest was virtually waged hand 
; to hand, batteries being taken and retaken on 
both sides and prisoners in considerable num- 
ber. Night came on without decisive results. 
On the morning of the 20th, a dense fog ob- 
scured the positions of the armies and, when 
it lifted, Bragg's army was discovered massed in 
line of battle on the right. The Union left was 
re-enforced and, Longstreet, discovering the 
weakened condition of the federal right, made 
an attack there and on the center with dis- 
astrous results to the Union troops. At this 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



79 



point Thomas won liis title of "Rock of Chick- 
amauga". He held his troops inflexibly and 
secured the "Key to the situation in the West- 
ern Division". He made a successful resistance 
to the repeated assaults on his troops and, at 
night, the Army of the Cumberland withdrew 
to the entrenchments at Chatianooga leaving 
their dead and wounded on the field. Chicka- 
mauga is considered as one of the hardest fought 
and bloodiest conflicts of the rebellion. While 
the advantage was to the] rebels ostensibly, it 
was entirely fruitless to them. Bragg's army 
was weakened beyond repair, his loss being 
2,.380 killed, 13,412 wounded and 2,000 miss- 
ing. The casualties in the Union commands 
were 1,644 killed, 9,262 wounded and 4,945 
missing. — On this date slight skirmishes oc- 
cured at Lafayette and Rossville, Ga., and also 
at Perryville, Ky., and at Fort Smith, Ark. 

Sept. 21. — Slight cavalry engagements took 
place at White's Ford, Va., and Bristol, Tenn. 

Sept. 22. — In a cavalry skirmish at Madison 
C. H., Va., 21 Union soldiers were killed and 
wounded. — A similar action took place at 
Blountsville, Tenn., with a loss on the Union 
side of five killed and 22 wounded and to the 
rebels, 165 killed, wounded and missing. — A 
skirmish at Rockville, Md., resulted in a con- 
federate loss of 34 killed and wounded. — At 
Carter's Station and Johnson's Depot, Tenn., 
slight actions took place. — A small skirmish 
occurred at Thoroughfare Gap, Yn. 

Sept. 23. — Skirmishes took place at Rich 
Mountain, Va., and Fort Fisher, N. C. 

Sept. 24. — Skirmish at Zollicoff'er, Tenn. 

Sept. 25.— A cavalry skirmish took place at 
Upperville, ^^a., and a military movement 
occurred at Donaldsonville, La. — A cavalry 
skirmish occurred at Redbone Church, Mo. 

Sept. 26. — A cnvalry fight occurred at Cal- 
houn or Haguewood Prairie, Tenn., with a 
Union loss of 66 in killed, wounded and missing. 



Sept. 27.— In a skirmi-sh at Moffatt's Station, 
Ark., the Union casualties were two killed and 
two wounded; confederate, five killed and 20 
wounded. 

Sept. 28. — A skirmish occurred at McMinn- 
ville and Blue Springs, Tenn. — An attack was 
made on Fort Sumter. 

Sept. 29. — A skirmish occurred at Morgan- 
zia, La., in which the Union loss was 14 killed, 
40 wounded and 400 missing. — Military actions 
also occurred at Pasquotonk River and at 
Moore's Bluff" and Mill, Va. 

Sept. 30. — A cavalry skirmish took place at 
Swallow's Bluff", Tenn., and another at Fort 
Johnson. 

Oct. 1. — In an action at Fort Simpkins, 
Anderson's Gap, Tenn., 38 Union soldiers were 
killed and wounded. 

Oct. 2.- At Anderson's Cross Roads, Tenn., 
McCook's cavalry attacked the rebels and sus- 
tained a loss of 70 killed and wounded ; the 
confederates lost 200 killed and wounded. — 
A slight skirmish occurred at Franklin, La. 

Oct. 3. — In a skirmish at IMcMinnville, 
Tenn., the Lhiion loss was seven killed and 31 
wounded ; confederate loss, 23 killed and 
wounded. — At Thompson's Cove, Tenn., a con- 
siderable cavalry skirmish occurred. 

Oct. 4. — In a fight at Neosho, Mo., the Union 
loss was one killed, 14 wounded and 43 miss- 
ing. — Skirmishes took place on this date at Ver- 
millionville and Newton, La.; Blue Springs, 
Mo.; Murfreesboro Road, Tenn. 

Oct. 5. — The rebels attacked a stockade at 
Stone River, Tenn., and wounded six Union 
soldiers and captured 44. — In a skirmish at 
Glasgow, Ky., the Union loss was three 
wounded ; the confederate loss, 13 wounded.— 
Skirmishes occurred at Harper's Ferry, Va.; 
Blue Springs and Wartrace, Tenn., and at New 
Albany, Miss. 

Oct. 6. — Massacre at Baxter's Springs, Ark. 



m 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Quantrell's guerrillas, disguised in Federal uni- 
forms, assaulted General Blunt, commanding 
the Army of the Frontier escorted and by about 
100 cavalrymen and colored troops en route for 
Fort Scott. The general escaped with 15 men ; 
ti;e remainder were captured, robbed and mur- 
dered in cold blood. — At Fort Blair, Ark., Shel- 
byville, Tenn., and Brownsville, Mo., slight 
skirmishes took place. 

Oct. 7. — A fight near Farmington, Tenn., 
resulted in a Union loss of 15 killed and 60 
wounded ; the confederate loss was 10 killed, 
60 wounded and 240 missing,— Military move- 
ments occurred at Como, Miss., and on the Red 
River. 

Oct. 8. — Skirmishes took place at Raccoon 
Ford, Ga.; New Hope Church, and Charles- 
town, Va., at Carthage, Tenn., and Salem, Miss. 

Oct. 9. — Skirmishes occurred near Pulaski, 
Tenn., and at Fort Scott, Ark. 

Oct. 10. — A cavalry encounter at Rapidan, 
Va., resulted in a Union loss of 20 wounded. — 
Pleasanton's cavalry attacked the rebels at 
James City or Robertson's Run, Va , and lost 
10 in killed and 40 wounded. — Cavalry and in- 
fantry of the Army of the Ohio encountered 
the rebels at Blue Springs, Tenn., and sustained 
a loss of 100 in killed, wounded and missing ; 
the confederates lost 66 killed and 150 missing. 
— Skirmishes occurred at Vermillion Bayou, 
La., and at Ingham's Plantation, Miss. 

Oct. 11.— At Henderson's Mill, Tenn., the 
5th Indiana Cavalry had an encounter with the 
rebels which cost them a loss of 11 in wounded; 
then inflicted a loss of 30 on their opponents. — 
Skirmishes occurred at Whitaker's Mills, Zol- 
licoffer's Heights, Rheatown and Collinsville, 
Tenn., and at Brazos Island, Texas. 

Oct. 12. — Fight at Jeft'ersonton, Ya,.; Union 
loss 12 killed, SO wounded and 400 missing. — 
In an action at Ingham's Mills and at Wyatt, 
Miss., the respective losses were : Union, 45 ; 



confederate, 50; the actions continued on the 
13th. — On the .same date a fight took place at 
Warrenton, Springs, (Culpepper) Va., in which 
the Union force lost eight killed and 46 
wounded. — On the same date a cavalry and in- 
fantry encounter from Lamine's Crossing to 
Merrill's Crossing, in Missouri occurred, the 
Union force losing 16 killed, and the confeder- 
ates 53 killed and 70 wounded.— On tlie same 
date a cavalry division of the Army of the 
Ohio encountered the rebels at Blountsville, 
Tenn., and lost six in wounded ; confederate 
loss eight killed and 26 wounded. — On the 
same date, detachments of two regiments of 
West Virginia Volunteers met the rebels at 
Bulltown, Va., and inflicted a loss of nine killed 
and 60 wounded. — Skirmishes took place at 
Brandy Station, Xa,., and Coldwater River, 
Miss. 

Oct. 13. — On the Big Black, Miss., General 
McPherson made a cavalry and infantry recon- 
noissance. — Skirmishes occurred at Winchester, 
Va., Belltown, Tenn., and Maysville, Ala. 

Oct 14. — In a fight at Auburn, Va., a detach- 
ment of the Army of the Potomac lost 11 killed 
and 42 wounded ; confederate lo.ss, 8 killed and 
24 wounded. — At Bristoe Station, Va., General 
Warren, with detachments from the 5th Corps 
and a cavalry division, defeated Hill's corps, 
capturing 500 prisoners ; the Union loss was 51 
killed, 329 wounded and that of the rebels was 
750 killed and wounded and 450 missing. — At 
Salt Lick, Va., a detachment of West Virginia 
volunteers fought the rebels. 

Oct. 15. — At Liberty Mills, Va., a fight oc- 
curred, in which the Federal loss was two killed 
and 25 wounded ; confederate loss, 60 killed 
and wounded.— On the same date, a skirmish 
occurred at Blackburn Ford and Hedgeville, 
Va.— In a series of encounters at Canton, 
Brownsville and Clinton, Miss., the confederate 




^^^. S^^. ^. dK<^eUtL 



£i*t. 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



81 



loss was 200 in killed and wounded. Three 
days were occupied in the several fights. 

Oct. 16 — In a skirmish at Cross Timbers, 
Mo., the confederate loss was two killed and eight 
wounded. — At Martinsburg, Va., a slight col- 
lision with the rebels took place. 

Oct. 17. — Two blockade runners were des- 
troyed in Tampa Bay, Fla., Ijy U. S. gunboats 
Tahoma and Adela. — Skirmishes at Chantilly 
and Accatink and Rapidan, Va., and Clinton, 
Miss., and at Humansville, Mo. 

Oct. 18. — In a scrimmage at Charlestown, W. 
Va., the 9th Maryland lost 12 killed, 13 wounded 
and 379 missing. — The 34th Massachusetts In- 
fantry attacked the rebels at Berrysville, Va., 
supported by the 17th Indiana Battery, in which 
they lost two killed and four wounded ; confed- 
erate loss, five killed, 20 wounded. — A slight 
afftiir took place at Sharpsburg, Md. 

Oct. 19.— At Buckland's Mills, Va., Kilpat- 
rick's cavalry attacked the rebels, sustaining a 
loss of 20 killed, 60 wounded and 100 missing, 
while that of the confederates was 10 killed and 
40 mis.sing. — A slight skirmish took place at 
Gainesville, Va. 

Oct. 20. — Rosecrans was relieved of the com- 
mand of the Army of the Cumberland, and 
General Thomas made his successor. — On the 
same date a heavy skirmish took place at Phila- 
delphia, Tenn., in which the Union force lost 
20 killed, 80 wounded and 354 missing ; the 
confederate casualties amounted to 15 killed, 82 
wounded and 111 missing. — At Haymarket, 
Va., and Barton Station, Miss., unimportant 
actions occurred. 

Oct. 2 1 . — A skirmish occured at Cherokee Sta- 
tion, Ala,, in which the losses to the Union side 
were seven killed and 37 wounded ; the other 
side lost 40 in killed and wounded. — At Ope- 
lousas. La., a detachment of Bank's troops from 
the 19th Corps met the rebels. — At Vermillion, 



La., and Warrenton, Va., there were actions of 
small account. 

Oct. 22. — At Beverly Ford, Va., six Union 
soldiers were killed in a scrimmage with the 
rebels. — Slight affair at Columbia, Ky., also at 
New Madrid Bend, Tenn. 

Oct. 23. — Danville, Tenn., raided by rebels. 
— At Tullahoma, Tenn., a supply train was 
attacked by rebel bushwhackers and defended 
by an Indiana regiment. 

Oct. 24.— Skirmishes, etc.: Adairsville, Ga., 
Beverly, Rappahanock Station and Bealton, 
Va., and Sweetwater, Tenn. 

Oct. 25.-^The 5th Kansas Infantry and 1st 
Indiana Cavalry had a fight with the rebels at 
Pine Bluff, Ark., in which tlieir loss was 11 
killed and 27 wounded ; confederate loss, 53 
killed and 164 wounded. — Skirmishes at Col- 
liersville, Tenn., and Ci'eek Agency, Ind. Terr. 

Oct. 26. — In a skirmish at Cane Creek, Ala., 
two Union soldiers were killed and six wounded; 
the rebels lost 10 killed and 30 wounded. — At 
Philadelphia, Tenn., a slight skirmish occurred. 
— In a cavalry skirmish at A'incent Cross 
Roads, Miss., the Union force sustained a loss 
of 14 killed and 25 wounded. — Skirmish at 
Brown's Ferry, Tenn.; Union loss five killed 
and 21 wounded. — In a heavy encounter at 
Wauhatchie, Tenn., between the 11th Corps 
and the 2nd Division, 12th Corps and con- 
federate troops, the Union loss was 76 killed, 
339 wounded and that of the rebels 300 killed 
and 1,200 wounded. — At Charleston, S. C, the 
Federal attacks continued and a reconnoisance 
took place at Lookout Mountain. 

Oct. 28. — Skirmishes, etc.: Clarksville, Ala., 
and Leiper's Ferry, Tenn., and Arkadelphia, 
Ala., and Greenville, Mo. 

Oct. 29.— Fight at Cherokee Station, Ala., in 
which the 1st Division of the 5th Corps engaged 
the rebels. — At Lookout Mountain operations 
still continued. 



82 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Oct. 30. — During tlie closing daj'^s of this 
month and for a number of days in early 
November, the operations in the valley of the 
Tennessee continued. — In the course of the 
month of October, several steam rams, built by 
the Lairds in England for the confederates, were 
seized and held by the British Government. 

Nov. 1. — Actions at Washington, N. C, and 
Fayetteville, Tenn. 

Nov. 2. — At Waynesville, N. C, and Brazos 
de Santiago, Texas, slight encounters took 
place. 

Nov. 3. — Heavy cavalry action at Grand 
Coteau, variously designated as Carrion Crow 
Bayou, Bayou Bourbeaux and Ba3'ou Teche. 
The 23rd Wisconsin achieved much of the final 
success of this event in which General Bur- 
bridge of the 19tli Corps was attacked b}' a 
heavy rebel force and driven until reinforce- 
ments enabled him to return the compliments 
of the confederates, with a loss of 26 killed, 124 
wounded and 576 missing ; the confederate 
loss being 60 killed, 320 wounded and 65 miss- 
ing. — Action at New Lawrence. — At Bayou 
Queue, La., an action preliminary to that at 
Grand Coteau resulted in a heavy loss to both 
forces. — In a skirmish at Centerville and 
Piney Factory, Tenn., the confederate force lost 
15 killed. — In a fight at CoUiersville and Mos- 
cow, Tenn., seven Union soldiers were killed 
and 57 wounded; confederate loss,- 100 
wounded ; the action lasted two days. 

Nov. 4. — Skirmishes at Fort Brown continu- 
ing two days, at Swan's Quarter, N. C, Law- 
renceburg, Tenn., and Medley's Ford, Little 
Tennessee River. 

Nov. 5. — Skirmishes at Point Isabel and 
Brownsville, Texas, and Mill Point in West 
Virginia. 

Nov. 6. — Skirmishes at Rogersville, Tenn. 
— In a fight at Droop Mountain, Ya., the Union 
loss was 31 killed and 94 wounded; confeder- 



ate los.s, 50 killed, 250 wounded and 100 miss- 
ing. — The federal garrison at Rogersville, 
Tenn., was attacked by rebels from Virginia. 

Nov. 7. — Fight at Rappahannock Station,Va. 
At this point the rebel intrenchments were 
strong and defended by heavy guns. General 
Russell asked to be permitted, to make the 
assault, stating that two regiments of his com- 
mand could accomplish the desired result and 
the attack was accordingly made by the 5th 
Wisconsin and 6th Maine. The latter was 
employed as skirmishers, the former being in 
close supporting distance and the works were 
taken at the bayonet's point. Union loss, 370 
killed and wounded ; confederate loss, 11 killed, 
98 wounded and 1,629 missing. — A heavy 
skirmish at Kelley's Ford, Va., resulted in a 
Union loss of 70 killed and wounded and a 
confederate loss of five killed, 59 wounded and 
259 missing. — A cavalry skirmish occurred at 
Stevensburg, Va., in which a detachment of 
the Army of the Potomac was engaged. 

Nov. 8. — Skirmishes at Clarksville, Ark., 
(two Union killed) Muddy Run and Sulphur 
Spring, Tenn. 

Nov. 8. — At Bayou Sara, Miss., a small ac- 
tion took place. 

Nov. 11. — The 6th Mississippi, colored 
troops, attacked the rebels at Natchez with a 
loss of four killed and six wounded ; confeder- 
ates lost four killed and eight wounded. 

Nov. 12. — Skirmish at Roseville, Ark. 

Nov. 13. — In a skirmish at Trinity River, 
Cal., an action took place in which the Cali- 
fornia Mountaineer Infantry participated. 

Nov. 14. — A struggle occurred at Hufl"'s 
Ferry, Tenn., in which the Union lo.ss was 25 
wounded. — An engagement at Marysville, 
Tenn., resulted in a Union loss of 100 in killed 
and wounded. — A cavalry skirmish took place 
at Rockford, Tenn. 

Nov. 15. — Skirmish at Loudon Creek, Tenn. 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



83 



(near Kiioxville), in whicli the Union loss was 
four killed and 12 wounded; confederate loss, 
six killed and 10 wounded. — At Lenoirs, Tenn., 
and, on the Holston River, skirmishes occurred 
in which infantry and cavair}' were engaged. 
(These were preliminary to the approaching 
siege of Knoxville). — Slight skirmishes took 
place at Summersville, Xii., and Bear Creek, 
Mo.; also at Morton's Ford, Ala., and Corpus 
Christi, Texas. 

Nov. 16. — Skirmishes at Campbell Station, 
Lavergne, and Gallatin, Tenn., and Charles 
City Cross Roads, Va. 

Nov. 17. — Siege of Knoxville. The move- 
ments preliminary to the active operations 
against the city commenced on the 14th. 
Grant had operated strategetically to draw 
Longstreet to Knoxville and the Union forces 
were disposed accordingly. After falling back 
to Lenoir's, Burnside designed to continue the 
movement until he arrived at Campbell's Sta- 
tion. Longstreet made an unsuccessful attempt 
to reach that position first and, while Hart- 
ranft's division engaged the rebels there on 
the 16th, Burnside hastened towards Knox- 
ville. He formed in line of battle in a position 
which covered the approaches to Knoxville 
and was there attacked. The rebels were re- 
pulsed with a loss of 570 killed and wounded, 
the Union casualties being 60 killed and 340 
wounded. On the same day, Longstreet as- 
saulted the rear of Burnside's position who fell 
back to one equally secure. Longstreet re- 
peated liis attempt with vigor, but was forced 
to withdraw. At night, Burnside retired to the 
intrenchments within the city. On the 17th, 
skirmishing continued on the Lenoir road and, 
on the 18th, the direct attack on the city was 
made, falling principally on Sander's cavalry, 
the purpose being to drive them into the city 
and to follow with a charge. Tlie cavalry re- 
sistance lasted three hours and, when they were 



forced back, the onset of Longstreet was cheeked 
by the batteries at Rebel Point. Sanders re- 
newed the conflict against fearful odds and he 
fell about four o'clock in the afternoon, the 
position he had so strenuously defended Ijeing, 
soon after, occupied by the enemy. This ad- 
vantage was of no practical account to Long- 
street and he determined to cease active opera- 
tions, but to reduce by regular siege. Burnside 
was su})plied wuth the "sinews of war" beyond 
the knowledge of the rebel chief and, after sev- 
eral days, Grant's success at Lookout Mountain 
and Mission Ridge increased the peril of the 
rebels. Realizing this, Longstreet attacked 
Fort Sanders on the morning of the 29th of 
November to meet with terrible punishment 
and, after six days of repeated reverses and 
great loss, retired. 

Nov. 17. — Skirmishes, etc." Willow Ci'eek, 
Cal.; Mount Jackson, Va.; Mustang Island, 
Texas. 

Nov. 18. — Skirmishes, etc.: Newmarket, Va.; 
Germania Ford, Alexandria, La.; Bridgeport, 
Ala.; Carrion Crow Bayou, La. 

Nov. 19. — Lincoln made his celebrated speech 
at the dedication of a National cemetery at 
Gettysburg, Pa. — In a skirmish at Union City, 
Tenn., the Union force sustained a loss of one 
killed ; the confederate loss included 11 killed 
and 53 prisoners. 

Nov. 20. — A skirmish of little account took 
place at Abbeville, La. 

Nov. 21. — At Waterproof, La., the steamer 
Welcome was attacked by a rebel squad. 

Nov. 23. — Battle of Lookout Mountain and 
Missionary Ridge. General Grant's army com- 
prised the Army of the Cumberland, the 11th 
and 12th Corps of the Army of the Potomac 
under Hooker and the Corps of Sherman. The 
confederate forces were commanded by General 
Bragg. On the 23rd, General Thomas seized 
Orchard Knob and the next day General Hooker 



84 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



took Lookout Mountain. Meanwhile, Sherman 
was attacking the rebels entrenched on Mission- 
ary Ridge. On the 25th, Bragg disposed his 
force to repel Sherman and Grant ordered 
Thomas to attack the point whence Bragg had 
withdrawn his troops. In accordance with this, 
an attack was made on the ritlepits at the base 
of the ridge and the glorious onset which re- 
sulted in the capture of the summit and the 
planting of the Union colors thereon. The 
success of the Union arms was wholly due to 
the enthusiasm under which the charge up the 
heights was made. The captured batteries of 
the rebels were turned against them and Grant 
ordered an immediate pursuit of the fleeing 
troops of Bragg, _j'ho made a feeble resistance 
at Ringgold's and fled. The situation at Knox- 
ville precluded a continued chase of Bragg's 
army. In these actions, the loss to the Union 
army was 6,000. That ot the confederates, in- 
cluding prisoners, was 9,000. Their loss in 
guns small arms, provisions and ammunition 
was heavy. — Skirmi.shes at- Tunnel Hill and 
Citico Creek, Tenn. 

Nov. 24. — A skirmish took place at Sparta, 
Tenn., resulting in a slight confederate repulse. 
— At Barnwell's Island, S. C, a regiment of 
colored troops encountered a rebel squad. 

Nov. 25. — A cavalry and infantry regiment, 
supported by a battery, had a lively skirmish 
with the rebels. 

Nov. 26. — Mine Run, Va. In the several 
actions at Raccoon Ford, New Hope, Robertson's 
Tavern, Bartlett's Mills and Locust Grove, 
between the rebels under General Lee and Gen- 
eral Meade commanding the Army of the 
Potomac, consisting of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th and 
6th Corps, and the 1st and 2nd Cavalry Divisions 
of the army, the Union loss was 100 killed and 
400 wounded, while the rebels lost about the 
same number as nearly as can be ascertained. 
These operations lasted two days.— Skirmishes 



occurred at Beersheba Springs and Kingston, 
Tenn., at Bonfouca, La., Greenville and Warm 
Springs, N. G, Rapidan Station and Brandy 
Station, Va., Chickamauga, Ga. 

Nov. 27. — Andersonville confederate military 
prison established by Capt. W. S. Winder at 
Andersonville. A strong stockade was erected 
and fortified with earthworks. Feb. 15, 1864, 
the first Union prisoners were taken there. The 
aggregated number of Union soldiers confined 
there was 49,485. Aug. 9th of the same year, 
33,006 prisoners were within its enclosure. 
The number of escapes was 328. 14,460 pris- 
oners died there. Henry Wirz, the com- 
mandant of tlie prison, was tried after the cloise 
of the war and executed Nov. 10, 1865. The 
National Government took charge of the ceme- 
tery and placed it in a condition suited to the 
dead heroes, whose bodies honored their resting 
place. — At Cleveland, Tenn., 200 confederates 
were captured by a cavahy brigade without 
casualties on either side. — In a fight at Ring- 
gold's and Taylor's Ridge, Ga., the Union loss 
was 68 killed and 351 wounded ; rebel loss, 50 
killed, 200 wounded and 230 missing. — At 
Matagorda Bay and Island, operations were 
carried on, covering a period of four days. — At 
Orange C. H. Va., skirmishing was in operation 
four days. — An action took place at Bayport, 
Fla. 

Nov. 27. — An action of considerable import- 
ance occurred at Fort Esperanza, Texas ; an a.s- 
sault on the works continued two days. 

Nov. 28. — Skirmishes at Louisville, Tenn., 
and Washington, N. C. 

Nov. 30. — Skirmish at Salversville, Ky., at 
Doboy Sound and River and Pass Cabello ; the 
latter occupied two days. — At Dalton, Ga., a 
slight skirmish occurred. 

Dec. 1. — A cavalry skirmish at Ripley, Miss. 
— Activity at Chattanooga, Tenn., and May- 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



85 



nardsville, Tenn., the latter occupying parts of 
two days. 

Dec. 2.— In a fight at Walker's Ford, W.Va., 
the Union loss was nine killed and 39 wounded; 
rebel loss 25 killed, 50 wounded. Skirmishes 
at Indianola, Texas, Watson's Ford, Va., Wolf 
River Bridge, Miss., (including several days), 
Pocahontas, Miss., and Lafayette, Tenn. 

Dec. 3. — Skirmish at Salisbury, Tenn. 

Dec. 4. — Continuation of the skirmishing at 
Lafayette. — The actions at Riplej', Moscow, 
Miss., and at Salisbury, caused a loss of 175 in 
killed and wounded in the Union forces and 15 
killed and 50 wounded in the rebel forces. 

Dec. 6. — Skirmish at Clinch Mountain, 
Tenn. 

Dec. 7. — A cavalry skirmish at Creelsboro, 
Ky., and Celina, Tenn., resulted in a rebel loss 
of 15 killed. 

Dec. 8. — Averill's raid in southwestern Vir- 
ginia, occupying 13 days. The Union force 
captured 200 prisoners and lost six killed and 
five wounded. — A cavalry skirmish at Prince- 
ton, Ark. 

Dec. 9.— At White River, Ark., and Charles 
City Court House, Va., skirmishes occurred, 
the former continuing at intervals for several 
days. 

Dec. 10. — Shackelford's cavalry encountered 
Longstreet at Bean's Station and Morristown, 
Tenn. A sharp fight took place, the Union 
loss being 700 killed and that of the rebels 
932 killed and wounded and 150 prisoners. — 
At Moresburg, Tenn., on the same day, a de- 
tachment of the same force (the Army of the 
Ohio), fought a rebel detachment.— A slight af- 
fair took place at Elizabeth City, N. C. 

Dec. 12.— At Big Sewell and Meadow Blufl", W. 
Va., a skirmish took place, in which the 12th 
Ohio Infantry was engaged.— At Decatur, Ala., 
and Lafayette, slight affairs occurred. — At Du- 



val's Bluff, Ark., the 8th Missouri Cavalry had 
an encounter with the rebels. 

Dec. 14.— At Bean's Station, Tenn., the cav- 
alry of the Army of the Ohio encountered the 
rebels. — At Kinston, N. C, a small Union force 
had an engagement. 

Dec. 15. — At Sangster's Station and Fairfax, 
Va., skirmishes occurred. 

Dec. 16.— Skirmish at Doboy River. 

Dec. 17. — A cavalry raid on Rodney and 
Port Gibson, Miss., took place with slight losses 
and was in progress seven days. 

Dec. 18.— At Indian Town, N. C, the U. S. col- 
ored troops and North Carolina soldiers had 
a skirmish. — An action of small importance took 
place at Clinton Forge, Va. 

Dec. 19.— a fight at Barren Rock, Ind. Ter., 
between the rebels and Union Indian regiments 
resulted in a confederate slaughter of 50. 

Dec. 21.— Skirmishes at Middleburg, Miss. 

Dec. 23. — Skirmish at .Jacksonport, Ark., 
and at Luray, Va., the latter extending over 
two days at intervals. 

Dec. 24. — Cavalry skirmish at Bolivar and 
Summerville, Tenn., the Union loss being three 
killed and eight wounded. — Skirmishes at 
Columbus, Ky., and Centerville, Mo. 

Dec. 25. — General Dodge captured 50 of 
Forrest's guerrillas at Pulaski, Tenn. — Skirmish 
at La Fayette, Tenn., in which the 117th Illinois 
Regiment was engaged. — Skirmi.shes at Bear 
Creek, N. C, Stono River and Inlet, N. C, 
Bealton and Qulpepper, Va. 

Dec. 26. — At Port (Jibson, Miss., the skir- 
mishing continued. 

Dec. 27. — The cavalry of the Army of the 
Tennessee skirmished with the enemy two 
days. 

Dec. 28. — Colonel Laibold captured 121 pris- 
oners from the rebel Wheeler at Colliersville, 
Tenn., sustaining a loss of two killed and eight 
wounded ; the rebels lost eight killed and 39 



86 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



wounded. — Skirmishes took place at Charles- 
ton, Va., Calhoun and La Fayette, Tenn. 

Dec. 29.— At Talbot's Station and Mossy 
Creek, Tenn., a brigade of infantry, several 
cavalry regiments and a battery were engaged 
in a considerable action without decisive results. 
— A skirmish at Williamsport, Md. — Three 
companies of the 13th Maine and the gunboat 
Sciota attacked the rebel gunboats in Matagorda 
Bay, Texas. The action continued on the fol- 
lowing day. 

Dec. 30. — A skirmish took place at St. 
Augustine, Fla., resulting in a Union loss of 
one killed and six wounded ; rebel loss six 
killed. — At Greenville and Washington, N. C, 
skirmishes occurred, also at Waldron, Ark. 

1864. Jan. 1. — At Rectorstown and Loudon 
Heights, Va., the rebels were met by the 1st 
Maryland Cavalry of the Home Brigade, the 
latter force meeting with a loss of 29 killed 
and 41 missing ; the rebel loss was four killed 
and 10 wounded. The affair was extended 
throughout 10 days at intervals. 

Jan. 2.— Skirmishes at Moorefield and Alle- 
ghany Junction, W. Va., and at Patterson's 
Creek. 

Jan. 3. — At Jonesville, Va„ a fight occurred 
in which the Union loss was 12 killed and 48 
wounded ; rebel loss, four killed and 12 
wounded. 

Jan. 4. — At Fort Sumnei, New Mexico, a 
fight took place between a California regiment, 
Apache Indians and citizens with the Navajos. 
— A small affair transpired at Harper's Ferry, 
Va. 

Jan. 6. — At Winchester, Va., a cavalry force 
made a slight demonstration. 

Jan. 7. — A skirmish occurred at Martin's 
Creek, Ark,, the Union loss being one killed 
and one wounded, — A skirmish at Madison- 
ville, La, 



Jan. 8. — Cavalry skirmish at Petersburg, W. 
Va. 

Jan. 9. — Infantry encounter at Turman's 
Ferry, Ky. 

Jan. 10.— Cavalry action at Strawberry 
Plains, Tenn.— Cessation of the cavalry raids 
at Loudon Heights, Va. 

Jan. 11. — Skirmishes at Bull's Gap, Tenn., 
and Lock wood, Ky. 

Jan. 12. — At Mayfield, K}'., a skirmish be- 
tween Companies A and B, .58th Illinois Vol- 
unteers, resulted in a Union loss of one killed 
and one wounded, and a rebel loss of two 
killed. 

Jan. 13. — McCook's cavalry engaged in a 
skirmish at Mossy Creek, Tenn., and sustained 
a loss of 14 killed. 

Jan. 14. — Skirmish at Bealton, Va., with a 
Union loss of two killed and a rebel loss of 
three killed and 12 wounded. — Cavalry engage- 
ment at Terrisville, Tenn. — Action of two days 
continuance at Dandridge, Tenn., involving 
cavalry and infantry. 

Jan. 16—17. — Cavalry and infantry skirmish 
at Grand Gulf, Miss. 

Jan. 17. — Cavalry skirmish at Lewisburg, 
Ark. 

Jan. 15. — Skirmish at Saint Catherine's, 
Miss.; 72nd Illinois Volunteers. — Skirmish 
near Seviersville, Tenn. 

Jan. 18.— Skirmishes at Strawberry Plains, 
and Newmarket, Va., and at St. Mark's, Fla. 

.Jan. 19.— Skirmish at Branchville, Ark., in 
which the 5th Kansas Cavalry engaged. — 
Skirmish at Holston River Tenn. 

Jan. 20.— At Island No. 76, Miss., Battery F, 
Colored Light Artillery, had a scrimmage with 
an attacking rebel force. — A detachment of the 
20th Connecticut Infantry skirmished at Tracy 
City, Tenn., and lost two men killed. — Matters 
assumed a lively aspect at Knoxville. 

Jan. 21. — Skirmish at Chuckatuck, Va. — In 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



87 



the vicinity of Dalton, Ga., the 28th Kentucky 
and 4th Michigan cavahy encountered a force 
of rebels, and made a dash among them. 

Jan. 22. — At Armstrong Ferry, Tenn., a 
skirmish took place. 

Jan. 23.— In a skirmish at Rolling Prairie, 
Ark., 11 Union soldiers were killed. (11th 
Missouri Infantry.) -At Brandon Farms, Va., 
actions occurred on the 23rd and 25th. 

Jan. 24. — Cavalry skirmish at Baker Springs, 
Ark., in which the 2nd and 6th Kansas 
Cavalry were engaged ; the Union force sus- 
taining a loss of one killed and two wounded ; 
confederate loss was six killed and two wounded. 
—At Tazewell, Tenn., the 34th Kentucky, 116th 
and 118tli Indiana Volunteers, 11th Tennessee 
Cavalry and 11th Michigan Battery engaged, 
with a confederate loss of 31 killed. 

Jan. 25. — Skn-mishes at Athens, Ala., and 
Corinth, Miss. 

Jan. 26. — Skirmish at Alton, Miss. 

Jan. 26. — At Florence, Ala., the 72nd Indiana 
Infantry under Col. A. 0. Miller had a slight 
encounter with rebels. 

Jan. 27. — Sturgis' Cavalry Division, Army of 
the Ohio, fought at Kelley's Ford, Tenn., and 
sustained a loss of 100 killed and wounded, in- 
flicting a loss to the rebels of 68 killed and 
capturing 100 confederates. — Skirmish near 
Knoxville, Tenn. 

Jan. 28. — A portion of the 14th Corps, A rmy 
of the Cumberland, fought at Tunnell Hill, Ga., 
with a loss of two wounded ; rebels lost 32 
wounded. — Skirmish at Scottsville, Ala. — 1st 
California Cavalry have a skirmish in the 
Oregon Mountains. 

Jan. 29. — A lively action occurred at Med- 
ley, W. Va.., in which the Union loss was 10 
killed, 70 wounded ; rebel loss, 100 killed and 
wounded. — Skirmishes at Danville, Va., and 
Windsor and Cumberland, Gap, Tenn. 

Jan, 30. — Operations in the vicinity of Peters- 



burg, Va. — (Kit Carson had an encounter with 
the Indians at Canon de Chelly.) 

Jan. 31. — Actions at Chuckatuck, \'a., Dal- 
ton, Ga., and Ringgold, Ga. 

Jan. 30. — Federal supply train guarded by 
Colonel Snyder, captured near Petersburg, W. 
Va., and 80 Union soldiers were killed and 
wounded. — General Rosser (confederate) made 
a successful raid into Harding County, Va., in 
the valley of the Shenandoah, capturing stores 
and 270 prisoners. 

Feb. 1. — In an encounter at Smithfield, Va., 
90 Union soldiers were captured.— In the sev- 
eral actions at Bachelor Creek, Newport Bar- 
racks, and Newburn, N. C, the Union troops 
lost 16 killed, 50 wounded and 280 missing ; 
the rebels lost five killed and 30 wounded ; 
they covered a period of two days. — At Wald- 
run. Ark., the 2nd Kansas Cavalry were en- 
gaged in a skirmish and, at New Creek Valley, 
W. ^'^a., an infantry regiment had an encoun- 
ter with rebels. — On the same day an expedi- 
tion started up the Yazoo river, in Mississippi, 
including colored troops (cavalry and infantry), 
the 11 til Illinois Infantry and a portion of Ad- 
miral Porter's Heet ; the expedition lasted until 
March 8th. 

Feb. 3.— Skirmishes at Patterson's, Spring- 
field, W. Va., and North Branch, Belton, Miss., 
Saltpetre Cave, Va., Lebanon, Ala., Livei-pool 
Heights, Miss., (Yazoo expedition). — The Merid- 
ian expedition, under General Sherman. The 
purpose of this movement was to destroy pub- 
lic property in Mississippi and to disperse a 
force of rebels collecting to recapture Vicks- 
burg. On this day an advance was made to 
Jackson and from there to Meridian, the force 
meanwhile devastating the country. An ex- 
pected cavalry re-enforcement failing to join 
him there, Sherman fell back to Canton, fol- 
lowed by hundreds of Union refugees and ne- 
groes. Large organizations of rebels were dis- 



88 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



persed and not a railroad or public building 
was left intact. During tbe expedition en- 
counters occurred at Meridian, Champion's 
Hill, Raymond, Clinton, Jackson, Decatur, 
Chunky Station, Lauderdale Spring and Mai'- 
ion, Miss. Tlie Union loss was 56 killed and 
138 wounded ; rebel loss 503 in killed and 
wounded and 212 prisoners. — Fight at New- 
hern, N. C, between the forces under General 
Foster, Union, and General Picket, confederate, 
resulting in a loss to the former of 212 in 
killed and wounded and to the latter of 300 in 
killed, wounded and missing. 

Feb. 4. — At Clinton, Miss., a confederate bat- 
tery was defeated with a loss of 15 killed and 
30 wounded to the Union force. ( Yazoo expe- 
dition.) — Skirmishes at Rolling Prairie, Mo., 
Hot Springs, Ark., Moorefield, W. Va., and 
Canton, Miss.— On this date occurred the Mer- 
idian skirmishes at Champion's Hill, Baker's 
Creek, Raymond and Bolton Depot, Miss. 

Feb. 5. — General Wistar led a raiding force 
of 1,500 towards Richmond without decisive 
results, the rebels having been warned. — Skir- 
mish at Qualtown, N. C, in which the 14th 
Illinois Cavalry was engaged, losing three 
killed and G wounded ; 50 confederates were 
captured. — Meridian skirmishes at Clinton and 
Jackson, Miss. — ^Skirmish at Cape Girardeau, 
Mo.— Troubles at Jacksonville, Fla. — AtWyatt's, 
Miss., the 114th Illinois have a skirmish. 

F'eb. 6. — A fight occurred at Morton's Ford, 
Va., a part of the 2nd Corps being engaged ; 
the Union loss was 10 killed and 201 wounded ; 
the rebel loss was 100 in killed, wounded and 
missing. — The 7th Indiana Cavalry had a 
skirmish at Bolivar, Tenn., losing one killed 
and three wounded ; the rebels lost 30 wounded. 
— Skirmishes at Orange C. H. and Bottom's 
Bridge, Va. 

Feb. 7.— At Barnett's Ford, Va., the cavalry 
force of General Merritt had a skirmish and lost 



20 killed and wounded. — In a skirmish at 
\'idalia, La., the confederate loss was six killed 
and 10 wounded. — Slight ati'air at Nevvbern, N. 
G, and Camp Finegan. 

Feb. S. — Meridian skirmish at Morton, Miss. 
— 4th Wisconsin Cavalry skirmish at Donald- 
sonville, La. — Skirmishes at Rome, Ga., Tunnel 
Hill, Ga., and Martin's Creek, Ala. 

Feb. 9.— Cavalry encounter at Morgan's Mills, 
Ark., the Union casualties being one killed and 
four wounded ; confederate loss, 65 killed and 
wounded. — Actions at Barber's Place, St. Mary's 
River, Lake City and Gainesville, Fla., by the 
Massachusetts Mounted Infantry and Massa- 
chusetts Independent Battalion of Cavalry, con- 
tinuing five days and resulting in a Union loss 
of four killed and 16 wounded ; the rebel loss 
was four killed and 48 wounded. — Slight action 
at .Jacksonville, Fla. — Near Point Washington, 
Fla., a detail from the 7th Vermont Infantry 
had a skirmish. 

Feb. 10. — Smith's raids from Germantown, 
Tenn., into Mississippi. This was the cavalry 
movement which was intended to co-operate 
with Sherman's Meridian expedition, and was 
composed of Smith and Grierson's cavalry 
divisions. The time occupied, including 15 
days, and 45 Union soldiers were killed and 267 
wounded, the rebel loss being 50 killed and 300 
captured. 

Feb. 12.— Skirmish at Rock House, W. Va., 
resulting in a confederate loss of 12 killed and 
four wounded. — At Caddo Gap and Scott's Farm, 
Ark., and Lake City, Fla., skirmishes took 
place, also at Decatur and Chunky Station, Miss., 
(Meridian expedition). 

Feb. 13. — Skirmishes at Tunnel Hill, Ga., 
Pontotoc and Vicksburg, Miss., and South Fork, 
Va. 

Feb. 14. — At Gainesville, Fla., Captain Rob- 
erts of the Massachusetts cavalry attacked the 
rebels, who lost 100 in killed and wounded. 



HISTORY OF THE CIVH. WAR. 



89 



The same force skirmished at Lake City, Fla.— 
In a skirmish at Ross' Landing, Ark., the 
Union loss was 13 killed and seven wounded. 
— A skirmish at Brentsvilie, Va., resulted in 
the loss of four Union soldiers killed and one 
wounded. — At Waterproof, La., the 49tli U. S. 
colored troops and the Union gunboat Forest 
engaged the rebels, losing eight killed and 14 
wounded. -Meridian, Miss., occupied by the 
forces of General Sherman.— Skirmish at Wayne 
Court House, W. Va., Hillsboro, Ga., Quitman 
and Enterprise, Miss., and Canton, Miss., on 
the Yazoo expedition. 

Feb. 16. — At Laudersdale, Miss., a skirmish 
occured. — Fort Powell, (Dauphin's Island) Ala., 
defended Grant's Pass. — Skirmish at Okalona, 
Miss. (Smith's cavalry raid.) 

Feb. 17. — Action at Marion, Miss. ; Meridan 
expedition. — The Housatonic destroyed in 
Charleston harbor by a torpedo boat. — Skirm- 
ishes at West Bay, Fla., and Tiptonsville, Fla. 

Feb. 18. — Skirmishes at East Bay., Fla., and 
Baldwin, Fla. 

Feb. 19. — At Grosse Tete Bayou, La., the 4th 
Wisconsin Cavalry engaged the rebels, inflict- 
ing a loss of four killed and six wounded, their 
own casualties including two wounded. — Skirm- 
ish near Batesville, Ark., with a Union loss of 
three killed and four wounded, the rebel loss 
being six killed and 10 wounded.— Skirmishes 
at Aberdeen and Egj^pt, Miss. 

Feb. 20. — Olustee, Fla. A fleet of steamers 
and one gunboat was sent by General Gilmore 
to repossess Florida, and he allowed his com- 
mand to be inveigled into a fight on ground 
selected by the rebels, sustaining severe de- 
feat and losing 193 in killed and 1,175 
wounded and 460 missing. The rebel loss in- 
cluded 100 killed and 400 wounded. — Skirmish 
at HoLston River, Tenn., the respective Union 
and rebel losses being iive killed and wounded 
and 15 killed and wounded.— Skirmishes at 



Saint Mark's Fla., West Point, and Prairie Sta- 
tion, Miss., Piiilomout, Va., Strawberry Plains, 
and Sanderson. 

Ffb. 21. — Skirmishing at Canton, (Quitman 
and Enterprise, Miss., at Hillsboro, Ga., and 
Lake City and Saint Mark's, Fla. 

Feb. 22.— Tunnell Hill,Ga. General Palmer's 
troops encountered General Wheeler with a 
rebel force of cavalry and captured 300 prison- 
ers ; Union loss, 75 killed and wounded ; con- 
federate loss in killed and wounded heavy. — A 
lively cavalry action transpired at Mulberry 
Gap, Tenn., resulting in a loss to the Union 
force of 13 killed ahd wounded and 256 cap- 
tured ; the 10th Tennessee, (Union), was opposed 
to a large force.^Mosby's guerrillas defeated a 
detachment of the 2nd Massachusetts Cavalry 
at Drainesville, A'a., inflicting a loss of seven 
wounded and 57 captured ; Mosby lost two and 
four wounded. — Skirmishes at Powell's River 
Bridge, Johnson's Mills, Cumberland Gap, Calf- 
killer Creek, Tenn., Ivy Mills, Miss., Luna 
Landing, Ark., Willmarsh Island, S. G. — In an 
action at .Johnson's Mills, Tenn., prisoners cap- 
tered from the 5th Tennessee Regiment (Union) 
were surrendered. — Skirmishes at Warrentown, 
Va., and Joy's Farm. 

Feb. 23.— Taylor's Bayou, Tenn. 

Feb. 25.— The action begun at Tunnell Hill, 
was continued until this date and to the 27th 
of February and included conflicts at Buzzard's 
Roost, and Rocky Face Gap, with a Union loss 
of 17 killed and 272 wounded ; confederates 
lost 20 killed and 120 wounded. 

Feb. 26. — At Fort Powell, Ala., activities 
were carried on and skirmishes took place at 
Upperville, and Goose Creek, Va. 

Feb. 27. — Foraging detachments from two 
Iowa regiments skirmished near Canton, Miss. 
— Another action took place at Saint Mark's, 
Fla. 

Feb. 28. — Kilpatrick's raid from Stevens- 



90 



CHRONOLOGICA.L AND STATISTICAL 



burg, to Richmond, Va. The cavalry chief 
advanced with 5,000 soldiers to make an at- 
tempt to release the Union prisoners at Belle 
Isle, and in Libby. The aim was lost but 
much confederate property was destroyed, many 
miles of railroad torn up and some prisoners 
were taken. The Union loss was 330 killed 
and wounded and missing ; the rebels lost 500 
men. — The 7th Tennessee Cavalry had a skir- 
mish at Dukedom, Ky., and a skirmish took 
place near Yazoo City, Miss. -Skirmishes at 
Spottsylvauia and Charlottesville, Va., at Rav- 
enna, Miss., and Baldwin, Fla. 

Feb. 29.— Skirmish at Newborn, N. C— At 
Taylorsville, Va., one of the actions of Kil- 
patrick's raid took place. 

March 1. — At Standardsville, and Burton's 
Ford, Va., a cavalry raid under General Custer 
took place, in which the Union force lost 10 
wounded, and captured 30 rebels. — Skirmishes 
at Saint Mark's, Fla., and Black river. Miss. 
(Yazoo expedition.) -Skirmishes at Brook's 
Turnpike by Kilpatrick. 

March 2. — The Mississippi squadron under 
Porter had an action at Harrisburg, La.; Union 
loss two killed and 14 wounded. — Kilpatrick 
raids near Walkertown, Y-a. 

March 3. — 7th Michigan and 1st ^^ermont 
Cavalry under Kilpatrick raid Tunstall Sta- 
tion, Va. 

March 4.— Grant made Lieutenant^General ; 
the office was re-created for him, it having been 
vacant since it was conferred on General Wash- 
ington. — Skirmish on Chowan River, N. C. — 
Skirmish at Rodney, Miss. 

March 5. — Fight at Panther Springs, Tenn., 
with a Union loss of two killed and eight 
wounded ; 22 were captured by the rebels, 
whose loss was 30 wounded.— In a conflict at 
Yazoo City, the losses were six killed and 20 
wounded in the Union force, the confederate 
casualties being much larger.— The Mississippi 



Marine Brigade had an encounter at Coleman's, 
Miss. — At Ely's Ford, Va., and Liverpool 
Heights, insignificant affairs transpired. 

March 6.— At Flint Creek, Ark., the 14th 
Kansas Cavalry had a skirmish. 

March 7. — At Decatur, Ala., the troops of 
the Army of the Tennessee, under General 
Dodge, had an indecisive action with the rebels. 
— Skirmishes at Cherry Stone, Brandon Farms, 
Ga., and on the Plankatank River. 

March 8. — Skirmish at Carrollton, Va. 

March 9. — At Suffolk, Va., a skirmish took 
place between the 2nd U. S. Colored Cavalry 
and the confederates in which the former lost 
eight killed and one wounded ; the rebels lost 
25 wounded. — Skirmish at Bristoe's Station, 
Va. 

March 10.— Skirmishes at Palatka, Fla., 
and at Cabletown, Va. The latter involved 
the 1st New York Veteran Cavalry. 

March 13. — Skirmishes at Carrollton Store, 
Va., by New York and Pennsylvania Cavalry, 
at Semmesport, La., Natchitoches in the Red 
River expedition and Indianola, Texas. 

March 14. — Detachments of the 16th and 
17th Corps and Porter's Mississippi Squadron, 
attacked Fort de Russy, La., sustaining a loss 
of seven killed and 41 wounded. The confed- 
erates were defeated, with a loss of five killed 
and four wounded and 300 prisoners, besides a 
large amount of munitions of war and ord- 
nance stores.— A Free-State Government organ- 
ized in Arkansas. 

March 15. — Skirmish at Clarendon, Ark., 
the federal force losing one killed and three 
wounded. — Action at Alexandria, (Red River 
expedition). 

March 16.— In a fight near Fort Pillow, 
Tenn., the rebels were defeated with a loss of 
50 killed and wounded.— Action at Shreeve- 
port. La. 

March 17.— At Manchester, Tenn., the 5th 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



91 



Tennessee Cavalry attacked the rebels and 
killed 21. 

March ly. — The same Union force attacked 
a squad of rebels at Calf killer Creek, Tenn. — 
At Monticello, Ark., the 7th Missouri Cavalry 
had a skirmish. 

March 19. — Activity at Port Royal, S. C. 

March 20. — The 5th Tennessee Cavalry 
made another attack on the rebels at Beer- 
sheba Springs, Tenn. 

March 21. — At Henderson's Hill, La., the 
troops of General Mower, including detach- 
ments of the 16th Corps and the cavalry 
divsion of the 19th Corps attacked a con- 
federate camp and captured 282 prisoners. — 
Skirmish at Magnolia, Miss. — General Banks 
attacked the rebels near Alexandria, La., and 
took 306 prisoners. 

March 24.— At Union City, Tenn., Forrest 
attacked the 5th Tennessee Cavalry and took 
450 prisoners. 

March 25. — Paducah, Ky., was held by Col. 
S. G. Hicks with a garrison of 650 men. For- 
rest attacked and the garrison retired to Fort 
Anderson where a stand was made, assisted by 
two Union gunboats. Forrest demanded im- 
mediate surrender without conditions, adding, 
" if you surrender you shall be treated as 
prisoners of war ; but if I have to storm your 
works, you may expect no quarter." Hicks 
refused and the rebels made three assaults, 
losing 1,500 men and the rebel General 
Thompson. Forrest retired on the 26th. The 
Union loss was 14 killed and 46 wounded. 
The town was nearly destroyed in the bombard- 
ment. 

March 26. — Skirmish at Longview, Ark., in 
which the 28th Wisconsin, 5th Kansas and 7th 
Missouri (Javalry engaged. — On the same date 
the 2nd Kansas Cavalry had a skirmish at 
Danville, Ark. — At Canton, Miss., (Black River) 
a slight skirmish took place. 



March 28.— At Charleston, III., the copper- 
heads attacked the 54th Illinois Infantrj', re- 
turning to the front from veteran's furlough. 
The regiment lost two killed and eight wounded. 
The attacking party lost three killed, four 
wounded and 12 were taken prisoners. — Activity 
at Fort Powell, Ala. — Skirmish at Cane River, 
La. (Red River expedition.) — At Arkadelphia, 
Ark., the cavalrj' of the 7th Corps made a 
movement lo advance. 

March 29. — In a skirmish at Bolivar, Tenn., 
the Union loss was eight killed and 35 wounded ; 
the 6tii Tennessee Cavalry were engaged. 

March 30.— At Mount Elba, Ark., the force 
recorded on the 28th had a skirmisli, the 
aggregate losses of the several actions from the 
26th to the 30th, including four Union soldiers 
killed and 18 wounded ; the rebel loss was 12 
killed, 35 wounded and 300 prisoners. — At 
Grosse Tete Bayou, La., the 118th Illinois In- 
fantry had a skirmish. — -Skirmishes at Natch- 
itoches, La., and Monticello, Mo. — Riots at 
Mattoon, 111. 

March 31.— Tiie 3rd U. S. Cavalry, (colored) 
had a skirmish at Snydersville, Miss., losing 
16 killed and three wounded ; the confederate 
loss was three killed and seven wounded. — 
Action at Ball's Ferry, Va. 

April 1. — At Augusta, Ark., in a skirmish, 
the 3rd Minnesota Infantry and 8th Mis.souri 
Cavalry lost eight killed and 1 6 wounded and 
inflicted a loss of 15 killed and 45 wounded. — 
Slight skirmish on the Rappahannock, Va. — 
Skirmishes at White River, Ark., and Grant's 
Pass, Ala.— A collision occurred at Fitzhugh's 
Woods, Va. 

Ai'RiL 2.— At Sijoonville, Ark., the 29th 
Iowa, 50th Indiana and 9th Wisconsin Infantry 
and tlie 1st Missouri Cavalry, belonging to 
Steele's expedition, had a skirmish and lost 10 
killed and 35 wounded ; rebel loss, 100. — Skir- 
mish at Crump's Hill, La., by the regiments of 



92 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



the Red River expedition in which the Union 
loss was 20 wounded and that of the rebels 85. 
— Sl<;irmishes at Camden, N. C, Antoine, Texas, 
Cleveland, Tenn., and Pensacola, Fla. 

April 3.— At Okalona, Ark., another action 
was had, in which Illinois and Missouri cavalry, 
and Wisconsin, Iowa, IlHnois and Ohio infan- 
try participated ; the Union loss was 16 killed 
and 74 wounded; the rebels lost 75 in killed 
and wounded. 

April. 4.— Compti, La., was made famous by 
a skirmish in tlie Red River expedition and 
the Federal loss was 10 killed and 18 wounded. 
—Skirmish at Plymouth, N. C— The fight at 
Elkin's Ford, Ark., was commenced and the 
skirmishing continued at intervals for three 
days. Three infantry regiments, one cavalry 
regiment and a battery were engaged and the 
loss was five killed and 33 wounded on the 
Federal side. 

April 5.— At Roseville, Ark., detachments of 
the 2nd and Gth Kansas Cavalry had a guerrilla 
skirmish and lost 19 killed and 11 wounded ; 
the confederate casualties included 15 killed, 
25 wounded and 11 prisoners.— At Stone's Farm, 
Ark., 26 men of the 6th Kansas Cavalry were 
attacked by guerrillas and 11 of them were 
captured and massacred, among them Surgeon 
Fairchilds. — Skirmish at Grand Ecore, La., 
(Red River expedition). 

April 6. — In a skirmisli at (Quicksand, Ky., 
one company, 14th Kentucky Volunteers, had 
a skirmish and lost 10 men killed and seven 
wounded. — Skirmishes at Fort Halleck, Ind. 
Ter., Columbus, Mo., and Shreveport, La. (The 
activity at the latter place continued three 
days).— Skirmish at Peach Hill, Va. 

April 7.— At Wilson's Farm, La., the ad- 
vance cavalry of the 19th Corps in the Red 
River expedition, engaged the rebels with a loss 
of 14 killed and 39 wounded, the rebel loss 
being 40 wounded men and 100 prisoners,— 



At Harney Lake Valley, Ore., a skirmish took 
jilace, in which the 1st Oregon Cavalry were 
engaged. — Detachments from Illinois cavalry 
and infantry and a battery were engaged in a 
skirmish at Plain's Farm^ near Port Hudson, La. 

April 8. — Battle of Sabine Cross Roads or 
Mansfield. The advance of Banks' army en- 
gaged in heavy skirmishing with the rebels in 
a line of battle that was, practically, an ambus- 
cade, the forces ' being disposed in a wedge 
shape. After the first onset the wings of the 
rebel command closed about the Union troops 
and confusion resulted. A complete rout was 
prevented only by the timely arrival of re- 
enforcements. The Union troops engaged, num- 
bered about 8,000, and the losses aggregated 
2,000 in killed, wounded and missing. The 
rebels pursued three miles and a half when 
they were checked by General Emery's division. 
The rebels loss at Mansfield numbered 3,500. 
— A Missouri battery became involved in a 
skirmish at Pembescott Bayou, Ark. — At Wolf 
River, Tenn., Grierson's cavalry had a skirmish. 
At Cane River, La. the advance of the Red 
River expedition met the rebels in force and 
the latter were put to flight with a loss of 600 
prisoners. 

April 10, — The troops belonging to Steele's 
expedition had a heavy fight at Prairie D'Ann, 
Ark., in which the Union loss was 100 killed, 
wounded and missing. Several days were occu- 
pied in the conflict. — At Little Cacapon, Va., a 
company of the 54th Pennsylvania Infantry 
engaged in a skirmish. 

April 12. — At Pleasant Hill Landing, La., 
the 17th Corps, assisted by the gunboats Lex- 
ington and Osage, had a considerable fight, 
resulting in a loss to the federals engaged, of 
seven wounded. The rebel loss included 200 
killed and wounded. (Red River expedition.) 
— The massacre at Fort Pillow took place on 
this date, The garrison included 19 officers 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



93 



iuid 538 men, 262 of whom were negroes, com- 
manded by Major L. F. Bootli, Forrest attacked 
the fort suddenly, no intimation of it reaching 
the garrison, until the onset was made and the 
Union pickets driven in. Major Booth was 
killed early in the struggle and was succeeded 
by Major W. F. Bradford, who retired with the 
force within the intrenchments. The artillery 
defence included six guns and aid was received 
from a gunboat. In the afternoon, Forrest sent 
in a flag of truce demanding surrender without 
conditions and the commandant asked an hour 
for consideration. Meanwhile the rebels, re- 
gardless of the flag, were taking an advantage- 
ous position. As soon as the reply was com- 
municated the confederates rushed over the 
fortifications, raising the cry : "No quarter". 
Indiscriminately of age or sex the slaughter 
was pressed until nightfall and renewed at day- 
light, about 300 people being killed in cold 
blood. Tlie entire Union loss was 350 killed, 
60 wounded and 164 missing. The confederate 
lo-ss was SO killed and wounded. — At Fremofit's 
Orchard, Col. Ter., two cavalry companies had 
a scrimmage with the Indians. 

April 13. — Steele's raiders had a skirmish 
at Moscow, Ark., losing five killed and 17 
wounded. Tlie rebel loss was 30 killed and 
wounded. — Kentucky infantry encountered a 
rebel force at Paintsville, Ky., and fought the 
next day at Half Mount, Ky. — A slight afftiir 
took place at Columbus, Mo. — Skirmishes at 
Indian Bay, Ark., Florence, Ala., Cleveland, 
Tenn., Paducah, Ky., Grand Ecore, La., and 
Wayne C. H., W. Va. 

April 14. — An infantry skirmish took place 
at Smithfield, Va., the losses being to the 
Union and confederates engaged, five and six 
respectively. — The 6th Kansas Cavalry raided 
Dutch Mills, Ark. (Steele's expedition.) 

April 15. — Advance of Steele's force on 
Camden, Ark., the place being occupied the 



following day. At Bristoe's Station, Va., a 
cavalry action occurred with inconsiderable 
loss. — Another force of Steele's command raided 
Liberty, Ark. 

April 16. — Skirmish at King's River, Ark., 
and at Scullyville, Indian Territory, in which 
the Indian Home Guards were engaged. 

April 17. — At Plymouth, N. C, an import- 
ant engagement took place in which the 85th 
New York, 103rd Pennsylvania and the 16th 
Connecticut Infantry under General Wessels, 
assisted by a strong naval force under Lieut- 
Commander Flusser, fought three days for pos- 
session of the western entrance of the Cape 
Fear River, the action resulting in the defeat 
of the federal troops. The loss to the latter in- 
cluding Flusser was 20 killed and 80 wounded ; 
the confederate loss was about 500. — The same 
day a skirmish took place at Decatur, Ala., 
with slight loss. 

April 18. — A forage train, escorted by the 
18th Iowa, 79th U. S. Colored Infantry and 6th 
Kansas Cavalry, was attacked at Poison Sjirings 
near Camden, sustaining a loss of 113 killed, 
88 wounded and 68 missing. (Steele's expedi- 
tion.) — Slight. skirmish at Bokken's Mills, S. C, 
two soldiers being killed and 18 wounded. 

April 19.— At Natchitoches, La., the 4th 
Brigade, Cavalry Division, 10th Corps, Red 
River expedition, had an encounter with bush- 
whackers and guerrillas.— The 45th Kentucky 
was involved in a skirmish at Pound Gap, Ky. 
— Skirmish at Burkesville, Ky. 

April 20. — A regiment of colored troops had 
a skirmish at Waterproof, La. 

April 21. — At Cotton Plant, Cache River, 
Ark., the troops of Steele's expedition had a 
skirmish. (98th Missouri Cavalry.) -The 2nd 
Wisconsin Cavalry had a brush with bush- 
whackers at Red Bone, Miss., one man being 
killed and six wounded. 

April 22. — Three companies of the 3rd 



94 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Rhode Island Cavalry on transports at Tunica 
Bend, Red River, were attacked from the 
banks, suft'ering a loss of two killed and 17 
wounded. 

April 23. — In a skirmish at Nickajack Trace, 
Ga., a detachment of the 92iid Illhiois Infantry 
were engaged in a skirmish in wliich thej' lost 
five killed and nine wounded and 22 taken pris- 
oners. — Two divisions of Banks' army had an 
encounter at Moneti's Bluff, La., and at Clou- 
tiersville, the latter extending into " the follow- 
ing day. It was a determined movement of 
the confederates to prevent the Federals cross- 
ing the Cane River and the advance had sharp 
work to repulse and drive back the rebels. 
Generals Banks was in possession of the rebel 
plans and pushed his command through 
swamps and almost impenetrable morasses, 
steadily advancing and arriving at Alexandria 
on the 26th, having suffered a loss of 350 killed 
and wounded. The confederate loss in killed 
and wounded was about 400. — At Swan Lake, 
Ark., the 5th Kansas Cavalry, belonging to 
Steele's expedition, was engaged in a skirmish. 

April 24. — At Jacksonport, Ark., the 1st 
Nebraska Cavalry repulsed the rebels. 

April 25. — The rebels attacked a forage train, 
escorted by several infantry regiments and a 
Ijattery and captured the wagons and guard 
while en route from Little Rock to supply 
Banks' army ; the encounter transpired near 
Pine Bluff; 2,000 prisoners were taken. — At 
Mark's Mills, General Fagan's force, 6,000 
strong, attacked the rear of a supply train of 
240 wagons, cut off" the advance from the rear, 
compelling the surrender of both columns and 
inflicting a loss of 250 killed and wounded, and 
the destruction or capture of the wagons, the 
negroes being shot after surrender, the rebels 
never taking colored prisoners. The rebel cas- 
ualties were small. — Skirmish at Wautauga's 
\ Bridge, Tenn., in which the 10th Michigan Cav- 



alry was involved, losing three killed and nine 
wounded. 

April 26.— Steele's troops again encountered 
the rebels at Moro Creek, Ark., sustaining a loss 
of five killed and 14 wounded. — At Alexandria, 
a Missouri Cavalry regiment and a New York 
regiment of infantry became iilvolved in a skir- 
mish. (Bank's expedition.) 

April 28.— At Offett's Knob, Mo., the 1st 
Missouri Militia Cavalry had a brush with guer- 
rillas. 

April 29. — At Princeton, Ark., two infantry 
regiments, one cavalry and a battery belonging 
to Steele's expedition, had a short, sharp skir- 
mish without loss. 

April 30. — .Jenkin's Ferry. Steele's divis- 
ion, which had suffered heavily in incessant 
skirmishing through the entire march to make 
connection witli Banks from Little Rock, was 
attacked on the Sabine River in Arkansas by 
the consolidated forces of Kirby Smith and 
Price— 5,000 Union soldiers against 20,000 
rel^els — a battle of about eight hours duration 
ensuing, which was one of the sharpest contests 
of the southwest in the war, but resulted in a vic- 
toiyof the Union force which saved Little Rock 
and Arkansas to the U. S. Government. General 
Salomon of Wisconsin won the honors by deter- 
muied bravery, and the pursuit of the rebels 
was prevented only by lack of supplies. 1,175 
Union soldiers were lost and about 2,000 rebels. 
— Activities at Little Washington. 

May 1. — In the early days of May, the op- 
erations of the Union armies were to be com- 
bined. Sigel commenced his movements up 
the valley of the Shenandoah on the 1st day 
of the month. — The 7th U. S. Infantry, coloi-ed 
troops, had a skirmish at Jacksonville, Fla., 
losing one man killed.— At Hudnot's Planta- 
tion, La., and near Alexandria, a skirmish took 
place between cavalry of the 13th and 19th 
Corps, resulting in a loss of 33 killed, 87 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



95 



wounded and the loss to the rebels included 
25 killed and 100 wounded. — At Ashwood's 
Landing, La., the 64th U. S. Colored troops 
skirmished with guerrillas. — At Clinton, La., 
a slight affair occurred. 

May 2. — -Lieutenant Colonel .Joseph Bailey, 
of the 4th Wisconsin Infantrj^ (cavalry) com- 
menced the construction of a dam for the re- 
lease of 10 gunboats and two tugs imprisoned 
by low water on the Red River. The work was 
concluded on the Sth and resulted in the safe pas- 
sage of the fleet Ave days later, with the loss of 
one man and insignificant injuries to the boats. 
— Fight at Governor Moore's Plantation, La.; 
Union loss two killed and 10 wounded. — 7th 
Kansas Cavalry encountered a small force of 
rebels at Memphis, Tenn.- Skirmish at Harri- 
sonburg, La. 

May 3.— Red Clay, Ga. The 1st Cavalry Di- 
vision of the Army of the Cumberland was en- 
gaged and lost 10 killed and wounded. — Skir- 
mish at Richland, Ark., involving the 2nd Ar- 
kansas Cavahy, the command losing 20 in killed 
and wounded. — A cavalry engagement took 
place at Bolivar, Tenn. — At Baton Rouge, La., 
a cavalry encounter occurred in which the 4th 
Wisconsin was engaged. The 120th Oliio In- 
fantry, and 73d U. S. Colored troops on board 
the transport City Belle, were attacked bj' 
rebels on the banks of the Red River near 
Snaggy Point, La., and the loss and suffering 
was severe, the soldiers abandoning the trans- 
port and many were murdered and captured 
by the pursuing rebels.— Preparations in the 
Army of the Potomac for operations in the 
Wilderness. 

May 4. — In a fight at Doubtful Canon, Ari., 
a detachment of the 5th California Infantry 
and the 1st California Cavalry lost one killed 
and six wounded and inflicted a loss of 10 
killed and 20 wounded. — Hancock took posi- 
tion at Chancellorsville. — Kautz cavalry raid 



commenced from Sufiblk, Va., on the Weldon 
railroad and included the movements at Wall 
Bridge, Stony Creek Station, .larrett's Station 
and White's Bridge, to City Point, which was 
reached on the 12th. — Marye's Heights, Orange 
C. H. and Bermuda Hundred were oc- 
cupied. — Yazoo expedition in Mississippi com- 
menced ; the 3rd U. S. Cavalry, colored, 11th, 
72nd and 76th Illinois Infantry being de- 
tailed and the 5th Illinois Cavalry and 7th 
Ohio Battery. Actions took place at Vaughn 
and Benton, a slight loss being sustained. The 
expedition consumed nine days. 

May 5. — The U. S. gunboats Ceres, Commo- 
dore Hull, Matabesett, Sassacus, Seymour, 
Wydusing, Miami and Whitehead attacked the 
rebel ram Albemarle, on the Roanoke River, 
N. C, with a loss of five killed and 26 wounded ; 
the rebels lost 56 prisoners. — The transport 
Warner, steamer Covington and gunboat Sig- 
nal, having the 56th Oliio Infantry on board 
were attacked by rebels at Dunn's Bayou on 
the Red River. The soldiers fought as long as 
possible and the residue abandoned the boats, 
making their way to Alexandria through the 
woods. More than half the command was lost. 
— Battle of the Wilderness. The rebel General 
Ewell with his division disputed the occupation 
of the Wilderness and a terrific fight ensued, 
which was participated in by the 2nd, 5th, 6th, 
9th and Cavalry Corps of the Army of the 
Potomac under Hancock, Warren, Sedgwick, 
Burnside and Sheridan, Major-General Meade 
commanding. It was practically a hand-to- 
hand struggle and at dark was not at an end. 
The rebel General Hill had joined in the con- 
test and, during the ensuing night, Longstreet 
made connection with Lee's army and there 
was no alternative but to continue the conflict 
and urge matters to a determination on the 
6th, the fight being resumed as soon as day 
broke. The fighting was no less vigorous than 



96 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



on the previous day but at the close, botli armies 
were indisposed to renew active hostilities, 
although no decisive state of affairs had been 
reached. The killed of the Union army was 
5,597, wounded 21,463 and missing 10,677. 
Brigadier Generals Wadsworth, Hayes and 
Webb were among the killed. The loss of the 
rebels was 2,000 killed, 6,000 wounded and 
3,400 missing. The confederate generals Jen- 
kins, Pickett and Jones were killed and Long- 
street, Pegram, Stafford and Hunter wounded. 
— Action at Craig's Meeting House, \''a. 

May G. — Sherman commenced his move- 
ment on tiie 27th of April. On the 6th day of 
May the three branches of his command were 
ni position. Three corps of the Army of the 
Cumberland, two corps of the Army of the 
Tennessee and one corps of the Army of the 
Ohio were located respectively at Ringgold and 
Red Clay. Preparations were put in progress 
for the triumphant campaign known to history 
forever more as the " March to the Sea ; " the 
days from the 5th to the i)th inclusive were 
made conspicuous by the movements bj' way 
of Ship Gap, Villanow, and Snake Creek Gap, 
Tunnell Hill and the sharp actions at Rocky 
Face Ridge and Buzzard's Roost. An effort 
was made to compel the evacuation of Dalton 
but failed and, May 13th, General Sherman de- 
cided to move towards Resaca. Skirmishing 
commenced on the 14th, the rebels having 
taken possession of tlie city. Calhoun was 
threatened and a force sent against the railroad 
to cut off' communications. Resaca was aban- 
doned by the rebels and occupied by the Fed- 
eral troops. At Ley's Ferry a slight action 
took place on the 15th, and, on the same day, 
an action occurred at Tanner's Bridge. On 
the day following. May 16th, another fight 
took place at Rome Cross Roads; a two-days 
encounter occurred at Adairsville and included 
the minor actions at Graves' House and Calhoun. 



May 18th, the Army of the Cumberland was in 
action at Rome and, on the 19th, the 20tli 
Corps was involved at Cassville. The action 
there continued until the 22nd ; on the 24th the 
fight at Kingston in which three regiments of 
Union Infantry and one regiment of cavalry 
were engaged, took place. On the 25th, the 
series of operations known as the battle of Dal- 
las, New Hope Church, Burnt Hickory, Pump- 
kinvine Creek and Allatoona Hills commenced 
and was concluded on the 4th of June without 
decisive results. May 25th, a fight occurred at 
Cassville Station followed by a skirmish at 
Burned Church. From the 5th to the 9th of 
May, the Union casualties ijicluded 200 killed 
and 637 wounded. In an assault on Resaca, 600 
were killed and 2,147 wounded. The total 
loss at Dallas in the nine days operation was 
2,400. The Army of the Cumberland was 
commanded by General Thomas, that of tlie 
Tennessee by McPherson and that of the Ohio 
by Schofield. General Johnston was the guid- 
ing spirit of the rebels. The confederate loss 
was variously estimated, but doubtless reached 
6,500 in round numbers from May 0th to June 
4th. — The gunboat Commodore Jones attacked 
the rebels on the James River near Citj' Point ; 
Union loss, 23 killed and 48 wounded. — De- 
tachments of the 1 0th and 18th Army Corps, 
Army of the Potomac, encountered the rebels 
at Chester, Va., on the Richmond & Petersburg 
railroad and sustained a Ioibs of 48 killed and 
256 wounded ; the rebel loss was 50 killed and 
200 wounded. — At Princeton, W. Va., the forces 
under General Crook made an advance. 

May 7. — A portion of the 1 6th Army Corps, 
belonging to Banks' Red River expedition, met 
the rebels at Bayou La Mourie, La., and lost 10 
killed and 31 wounded. — At Benton, Miss., the 
Yazoo expedition had an engagement, in which 
three Illinois regiment, and an Ohio battery 
were in action.— Tunnel Hill, Ga. — Mill Creek 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



97 



and Dug Gap. — Stoney Greek Station, Va. — An 
unimportant action at Tazewell, Tenn. 

May 8. — The 2nd Division of the cavalry corps 
of the Army of the Potomac engaged the rehels 
at Todd's tavern, Va., and inflicted an loss of 
40 killed and 150 wounded. — Tiie movements 
which culminated in the battle at Spottsylvania 
Gourt House commenced. Lee moved his com- 
mand forward on the night of the 7th and 
reached the place in advance of Grant. On the 
8th, Lee's forces made their position sure and 
sharp fighting ensued. On the 9th, desultory 
skirmishing was continued, the confederates at- 
tacking various points where federal batteries 
were being placed. On the 10th, Grant made 
heavy demonstrations on the rebel lines and 
sent his deathless despatch, "I propose to fight 
it out on this line if it takes all summer" to 
Washington. The three days indeterminate 
battle had already cost 10,000 men, "the flower 
of the Army of the Potomac". The 11th found 
the federal forces in preparation for hard work 
to drive the confederates from what seemed an 
impregnable position. Hancock's corps made 
a dash at the rebel center and the battle thus 
precipitated raged all day and part of the night 
without decisive results. The fighting con- 
tinued six days longer and Grant withdrew to 
tlie North Anna River. — The cavalry connected 
with the command of General Crook made a 
dash at Jeftersonville, Va. — Actions at Snake 
Creek Gap and Buzzard's Roost. 

May 9.— Sheridan's raid toward Richmond 
commenced as soon as Grant had taken his 
position at Spottsylvania. He was sent by his 
chief to cut ofi' Lee's communications. He took 
a large cavalry force and destroyed a portion of 
the Virginia Central railroad, considerable roll- 
ing stock, 1,500,000 rations and set free 400 
Union prisoners en route to Libby prison. An 
assault was made on the outer works about 
Richmond. During the raid, the Union force 



engaged the rebels at Beaver Dam Station, 
South Anna Bridge, Ashland and Yellow 
Tavern. The loss of the federals was 50 killed, 
174 wounded and 200 missing ; the rebels lost 
heavily killed, wounded and prisoners. The con- 
federate general, J. E. B. Stewart, was killed and 
General Gordon was wounded. — At Dalton and 
at Varnell's Station, Ga., Actions took place. — 
The Gth Ohio and 1st New Jersey regiments 
belonging to Sheridan's command, raid Childs- 
bury, Va. — An action was commenced by the 
10th and 18th Corps of the Army of the 
James at Arrowfield Chui'ch, or Swift Creek, 
which continued until the following day. The 
Union loss was 90 killed and 400 wounded ; the 
rebel loss was 500 killed and wounded. — On 
the same day, the 12th, 23rd, 34th and 3Gth 
Ohio, 9th, 11th, 14th and 15th West Virginia 
Infantry and 3rd and 4th Pennsylvania Re- 
serves, Army of West Virginia, had a fight at 
Cloyd's Mountain and New River Bridge, Va. 
Union loss, 126 killed, 385 wounded ; con- 
federate loss 600 killed and wounded and 300 
missing. The action extended over two days. 
— Four infantry and one regiment of mounted 
soldiers engaged in a skirmish at Cove Moun- 
taiUj \'a. The fighting occupied two days. — 
Skirmish at Beaver Dam Station, Va. 

May 10.— Action at Ground Squirrel Church 
Bridge, on the South Anna, Va. (Sheridan's 
raid.)— Skirmish at Dardanelle, Ark., in which 
the Gth Kansas Cavalry were engaged.— Move- 
ments at Appomattox, Va., and Newbern, N. C. 

May 11.— At Ashland, Va., the 1st Ma.ssa- 
chusetts Cavalry engaged in a skirmish.— At 
Yellow Tavern, Va., the 1st and 3rd Divisions, 
cavalry corps. Army of the Potomac, made a 
raid. (Sheridan's command.) 

May 12. — Battle of Fort Darling at Drury's 
Bluff, Va. Butler was in command of the 10th 
Corps under W. F. Smith and the 18th under 
Gilmore; the combined forces numbered 25,000 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



with 3,000 cavalry under Kautz and with this 
force the fort was attacked ; it was the extreme 
southern point of the defenses of Richmond, 
and was held by Beauregard with 20,000 men. 
The outer lines were carried and, after two 
days deliberation, Butler determined to make 
a general assault on the fort on the morning of 
the 16th. At midnight before, a fog arose and 
the rebel chief quietlj' assembled his entire 
command in the dense darkness and, before 
dawn, made an assault on the sleeping Union 
camps, moving his troops through a gap which 
was guarded weakly by a small cavalry force. 
Beauregard's plans were frustrated by the fog, 
his generals failing to perform their alloted 
work. However, Butler ordered a general 
retreat. Beauregard attempted to follow, but 
a heavy rain came on and, by nightfall of the 
16th, was within his intrenchments. The 
Union loss was 422 killed, 2,580 wounded and 
1,400 prisoners. The rebel loss was 400 killed, 
2,000 wounded and 100 missing. While the 
action at Fort Darling was in progress and the 
infantry engaged there, the cavalry of General 
Kautz were doing effective service on the line 
of the Richmond & Lynchburg railroad. — At 
Meadow Bridge, Va., the 1st and 3rd Divisions 
of the cavalry corps belonging to Sheridan's 
command made a dashing raid. 

May 13.— The battle of Resaca, Ga. (See 
previous date.) — At Pulaski, Tenn., the 11th 
U. S. colored troops had a skirmish. — AtTilton, 
Tenn., the 1st Diyision of cavalry .belonging to 
the Army of the Cumberland had a sharp 
skirmish with the rebels. — In an engagement 
at Point Lookout, Va., a detachment of colored 
troops and seamen from the flotilla of the 
Potomac engaged in a lively encounter with 
the confederates. 

May 14. — The troops belonging to Banks' 
Red River expedition had- an engagement at 
Mansura, La. The action occupied two days. — 



At Rood's Hill, Va., a portion of the Army of 
West Virginia engaged in a skirmish. 

May' 15. — Sigel and Breckenridge met at 
Newmarket, Ya., and the LTnion force was de- 
feated, falling back and leaving behind the 
trains and a hundred prisoners, 120 dead and 
560 wounded and 240 missing ; the rebel loss 
was 85 killed und 320 wounded. — A skirmish 
took place at Mount Pleasant Landing in which 
the Union loss was three killed and five 
wounded. — At Tanner's Bridge, Ga., the Union 
force lost two killed and 16 wounded. — At Ley's 
Ferry, Ga., part of the 16th Corps of Sherman's 
army were in action. 

May 16. — AtRome Cross Roads, Ga., the 16th 
Corps of the Array of the Tennessee, belonging 
to Sherman's command had a iiglit. — At 
Ashepoo River, S. C, the 34th U. S. colored 
troops engaged in a slight action. — At Pond 
Creek, Ky., the 39th Kentucky Infantry en- 
countered bushwackers. — At Clear Creek, Mo., 
two companies of the 15th Kansas Cavalry 
fought guerrillas. — The division of General 
Tyler, 5th Corps, took position on the Freder- 
icksburg road preparatory to taking part in the 
battle at Spotsylvania Court House. — At Smoky 
Hill, Col., one company of colored troops and a 
Colorado battery encountered bushwhackers. — 
At Belcher's Mills, Va., the 3rd New York, 5tli 
and 11th Pennsjdvania and the 1st District of 
Columbia Cavalry engaged in an action ; the 
force belonged to the command of Kautz. — 
Hardee, commanding the confederates, attacked 
the Union rear under Howard at Calhoun. — At 
Adairsville, Jackson, with a detachment of the 
confederate cavalry of General Polk, fought the 
advance of the army of General Thomas under 
Newton. 

May IT.-rThe armies of the Cumberland, 
Ohio and Tennessee moved southward in the 
third part of the plan of Sherman. The com- 
mand of Jeff C. Davis captured eight guns 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



99 



and valuable property of the confederates. — A 
skirmish took place at Madison Htation, Ala., 
in wl)ich the 3rd Division and 15th Corps of the 
Army of the Tennessee engaged. — At Kings- 
ton, Ga.,the 2nd Cavalry Division of the Army 
of the Cumberland had a figlit. — At Bayou De 
Glaize, La., portions of the 16th and 17th Infan- 
trj' Corps and cavalry belonging to the liJth 
Corps of the army under General Banks had an 
encounter with the rebels, whom they lepulsed, 
inflicting a loss of 500 killed and wounded, their 
own casualties amounting to 60 killed and 300 
wounded. General Smith moved his command 
to the rear and attacked, defeated and pursued 
the rebels. The loss of the confederates in this 
action was 325 in killed and wounded and 250 
prisoners. 

May 18. — The 1st Oregon Cavalry had a 
skirmish at Crooked River, Oregon, with the 
Indians. 

May 19. — Skirmish at Fayetteville, Ark., in 
which the 6th Kansas Cavalry were engaged. — 
In a skirmish at Welaka and Saunders, Fla., a 
detachment of the 17th Connecticut Infantry 
fought the rebels.— The action atCassville, Ga., 
begun, the 20th Corps, Army of the Cumber- 
land being engaged two days. 

May 20.— At Downer's Bridge, Va., the 5tli 
New York Cavalrj^ engaged in a skirmish. — At 
Mil ford Station, Va., the 1st Cavalry Division 
of the Army of the Potomac made a raid. 

May 21. — A skirmish, in which the 2nd 
Colorado Cavalry participated, occurred at 
Snia's Hills, Mo. — At Mount Pleasant, Miss., 
two soldiers of the 4th Missouri Cavalry 
were killed in a skirmish. 

May 22. -At Old River, La., the 6th Mis- 
souri Cavalry engaged in a slight skirmish. — 
On the Mattapony River, Va., activities were 
progressing towards the finale of the plans of 
Grant. 

May 23.— The actions on the North Anna 



River, including .Jericho Ford, Taylor's Bridge 
and Tolopotomy Creek, were participated in by 
the 5tli, 2nd and 9th Corps of the Army of the 
Potomac, commanded by General Meade. They 
covered three days and involved a lo.ss to the 
Union force of 223 killed, 1,460 wounded and 
290 missing. The loss to the rebels was 2,000 
in killed and wounded. — At Horse Landing, 
St. .John's liiver, Fla., the steam tug Columbine 
was captured by the rebels. The 35th U. S. 
colored troops and the sailors on the tug were 
engaged. 

May 24. — In a skirmish at Holly Springs, 
Miss., the 4th Missouri Cavalry were engaged. 
At Kingston, Ga., the 50th Ohio and 14th 
Kentucky Infantry with the 2nd Kentucky 
Cavalry, engaged in a lively skirmish, in which 
the Union force lost one killed and two 
wounded. — At AVilson's AVharf Landing, Va., 
a well conducted skirmish took place in which 
the 1st D. C. Infantry and 10th U. S. colored 
troops and Battery B, U. S. colored artillery, 
inflicted a loss on the Confederates of 20 killed 
and 100 wounded. — In a skirmish at Nashville, 
Tenn., the Union loss to the 15th U. S. colored 
troops amounted to four killed and eight 
wounded.— At Sabine Pass, La., a slight skir. 
mish took place. — Tlie activity ot the rebels at 
Gaines Cross Roads and Landing became 
marked. — At Fort Powhatan, N. C, the colored 
troops were assaulted by rebels and repulsed 
them. 

May 25.— The action at Dallas, Ga., com- 
menced.— At Cassville Station, Ga., the 1st and 
11th Kentucky Cavalry were engaged. 

May 26. — At Burned Church, Ga., the cav- 
alry of the 1st Division of the Army of the 
Cumberland fought with a detachment of the 
rebels. — At Lane's Prairie, Mo., two companies 
of the 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry had a skirmish. 
— A torpedo explosion occurred on Bachelor's 
Creek, N. C, in which the 132ud and 15Sth 



100 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



New York Infantry and 58th Pennsylvania 
lost 35 killed and 19 wounded. — In a lively 
fight at Decatur and Moulton, Ala., the 1st, 3rd 
and 4tli Ohio Cavalry, 3rd Brigade, 4th 
Division, 16th Corps were engaged, with a loss 
of 48 killed and wounded, the rebels losing 
60 in killed and wounded. The action in- 
cluded several days. 

May 27.— The movements of the Army of 
the Potomac on this date are known to history 
as the passage of the Pamunkey River. At 
dark of the 26th the withdrawal of the troops 
to the North Anna commenced and was effected 
without the knowledge of the rebels. At nine 
in the morning, General Sheridan reported 
himself at Hanover Town. On the Hanover 
Court House road a rebel cavalry force was en- 
countered and driven back to Crump's Creek, 
five miles away. The road from Sheridan's 
position was occupied by Union cavalry to 
Atlee's Station and Richmond. At noon, Gen- 
eral Russell reported his arrival at the soutli 
side of the Pamunkey and, 24 hours later, 
the 6th Corps had crossed. The 2nd Corj^s fol- 
lowed. The 5th had crossed earlier . and at 
midnight the 9th Corps was in position. On 
the morning of tliat day a severe engagement 
was begun at Hawes' Shop and the fighting 
there was continued until late in the evening, 
when Custer's brigade carried the intrench- 
ments and drove the rebels. A series of fights 
occurred on the 28th, 29th, 30th and 31st in 
the attempt of Grant to force the front lines of 
the rebels. The loss was 1,607 in killed, 
wounded and missing, that of the confederates 
being much larger. Grant made a flank move- 
ment and, on the 1st day of June, took posses- 
sion of Cold Harbor. — At San Carlos River, 
Cal., an engagement took place, in which Com- 
pany K, 5th California Infantry was involved. 

May 28. -At Little Rock, Ark., the 57th 
U. S. colored troops had a skirmish. — At 



Pleasant Hill, Mo., the 2nd Colorado Cavalry 
became involved in a slight skirmish. — At 
.Jacksonville, Fla., the 7th U. S. colored troops 
were engaged. — The 1st, 3rd and 4th Ohio 
Cavalry of the Army of the Cumberland fought 
at Moulton, Ala. 

May 29. — The action belonging to the cross- 
ing of the Pamunkey River known as Tolopo- 
tomy Creek or Salem Church was fought by 
the 2nd and 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac, 
and continued to the 31st of May. 

May 30. — The 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, 
Army of the Potomac, fouglit at Hanover 
Court House, Va. ; a skirmish also took place 
at Ashland, Va., in which the same troops 
under General Wilson were engaged. The loss 
in both were 26 killed and 130 wounded. — At 
Old Church, Va., the 1st Division of the cavalry 
corps. Army of the Potomac, had an. engage- 
ment. The command was under General Tor- 
bett and the loss was 16 killed and 74 wounded. 
— At Dardanelle, Ga., a slight skirmish took 
place. 

May 31. — A convention of persons who be- 
lieved the measures of the administration too 
lenient, was held at Cleveland, Ohio, and John 
C. Fremont was nominated for President and 
John C. Cochrane for Vice President. Later, 
the action was rescinded and adliesion to the 
administration of Lincoln and Johnson was 
advised. 

June 1. — Grant's possession of "Cold Harbor 
cost 2,000 men. On this date the rebels made 
two determined efforts to dislodge Sheridan's 
troops, to meet with repulse and heavy loss. 
Sharp fighting was maintained until the early 
afternoon of the 3rd, when the activities be- 
longing properly to the battle of Cold Harbor 
came to an end. The losses of the Army of 
the Potomac were 1,905 killed, 10,570 wounded 
and 2,456 missing. The confederate losses 
were reported and estimated considerably less, 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



101 



tlie holding of the place being accomplished at 
heavy cost to the Union troops. Brigadier 
Generals Brooks and Byrnes were killed and 
Tyler and Stannard wounded. — A .slight skir- 
mish occurred at Greentown, Mo. 

June 2. — The 10th Corps, Army of the 
Potomac, fought Longstreet's reserve at Ber- 
muda Hundred, sustaining a lo.ss of 25 killed 
and 100 wounded. — The engagements on the 
Pamuukey referred to above took place at 
Gaines' Mills, Salem Church and Hawes' Store, 
Va. The cavahy of Sheridan was engaged. — 
At Ossabaw Sound, Ga., an engagement of 
slight moment took place. 

June 3.— A detachment of the 3rd Missouri 
Cavalry had a skirmish at Searcey, Ark. — At 
Panther and Buffalo Gap, W. Va., Hayes Brig- 
ade, 2nd Division, Army of West Virginia, bad 
a sharp encounter with the rebels with a loss 
of 25 killed and wounded to both. — At Ack- 
worth, Ga., the 2nd Division of Cavalry, Army 
of the Cumberland, belonging to Sherman's 
troops were engaged.— A slight skirmish oc- 
curred at Georgetown, Va. 

Jnne 4. — Slight action at Jasper, Tenn. 

June 5. — At Piedmont or Mount Crawford, 
W. Va., the troops of General Hunter encoun- 
tered General W. F. .Jones and defeated him, 
taking 1,500 prisoners and three guns. Hun- 
ter lost 130 killed and 650 wounded. The 
rebels lost 460 killed and 1,450 wounded, the 
commander being among the former. 

June 6. — Active operations were in j^rogress 
at Atlanta, on the Chattahoochie at Columbia, 
Ark., and at Chicot Lake in that State. The 
latter is variously known as Old River Lake, 
Ditch Bayou, Columbia and Fish Bayou. The 
16th Corps of Steele's command was involved 
and the loss was 40 killed and 70 wounded. 
The rebel loss was 100 killed and wounded. — 
At Greenland Gap Road, near Moorefield, W. 
Va., the 22d Pennsylvania, Cavalry made a raid. 



Slight activities at Ackworth, Ga., and Staunton, 
Va. 

June 7. — National Republican Convention was 
held at Baltimore which took a decided stand 
on the war question, strenuously opjwsing any 
compromise. Abraham Lincoln was nominated 
for President and Andrew Johnson for Vice 
President.— At Ripley, Miss., the cavalry of 
General Sturgis' command made an advance 
and had an engagement; the skirmishing in 
the expedition to Guntown commenced on the 
5th of the month and lasted until the 10th. — 
Smirmish at Rienzi, Miss. 

June 8.— At Lost Mountain, Ga., and Paris, 
Ky., activities took place. 

June 9. — Sherman moved from New Hope 
Church to Ackworth and fortified and gar- 
risoned Allatoona Pass, making it a base of 
supplies. Johnston transferred his army in 
accordance with the operations of the Union 
force and intrenched. Meanwhile, Sherman 
gave his attention to making ready for a pro- 
tracted series of operations, receiving reinforce- 
ments, collecting provisions and putting in 
order railroads and highways in readiness tor 
possible emergencies. The veterans and cav- 
alry that made connection with his command 
on the 8th, supplied his former losses and the 
deficit made by soldiers left behind on garrison 
duty. On the 0th he took position at Big 
Shanty, half way between Ackworth and Ken- 
esaw and, two days later, McPherson, Schofield 
and Thomas, with their commands, were in posi- 
tion for the fights which made the period until 
the 30tli famous. Sherman assaulted the lines 
of the rebels in every manner known to modern 
warfare. The fighting at the various points is 
known to history under the name of Kenesaw 
Mountain and included the engagements which 
will be found on the dates on which they oc- 
curred. The fighting was heavy and, on the 
14th, Pine Mountain was abandoned by John- 



102 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



stoii. The Union general pressed np to tlie 
new position selected by the rebel commander, 
Kenesaw being the point d'avantage. On the 
22nd, Hooker was suddenly attacked by Hood 
near Gulp's House and at first was in tlie lurch, 
being driven by the rebels. Soon, however, 
the Union lines rallied and Hood was driven 
back in great confusion, leaving his dead and 
wounded and losing many prisoners. On the 
24th the order was issued for the attack of 
Kenesaw, which was carried into effect on the 
27th. On that day Tliomas and McPherson 
made the assault in their fronts, after a period 
of vigorous use of tlie heavy artillery. They 
met with repulse with heavj' loss and another 
flank movement became a necessity. The 
entire loss of the fighting of more than twenty 
days aggregated 1,370 killed, 6,500 wounded 
and 800 missing, the rebels losing 1,100 killed 
and 3,500 wounded and missing. Generals 
Harker and Dan. McCook on the Union side 
were killed, the rebels losing General (Bishop) 
Leonidas Polk.— At Point of Rocks, Md., the 
2nd U. S. colored cavalry had a skirmish in 
which they lost two men killed. — At Mount 
Sterling, Ky., Burbridge's Cavalry of the Di- 
vision of Kentucky engaged in a tight in which 
they lost 35 killed and 150 wounded ; the 
rebels lost 50 killed and 200 wounded and 250 
captured. — At La Fayette, Tenn., the 7th 
Kansas Cavalry engaged in a skirmish of 
little account. 

June 10.— Gen S. D. Sturgis with 9,000 in- 
fantry and 3,000 cavalry, the latter com- 
manded by Grierson, the former compris- 
ing the bulk of the command of Gen. A. 
J. Smith, advanced through West Ten- 
nessee under orders to find and disperse 
the force of Price. They crossed into North, 
ern Mississippi and encountered the rebels 
at Guntowu on the Mobile railroad, Grier- 
son's cavalry meeting that of Forrest, and 



the dauntless Union cavalry chief pushed the 
cavalry of Forrest back upon his infantrj'. 
Sturgis, witli the infantry of the federal com- 
mand, was some miles distant but, hearing of 
Grierson's position, pushed forward on tlie 
double quick. The excessive heat so exliausted 
the troops that they were totally unfit tor the 
business of precipitate action, and defeat 
awaited them. They were routed and their 
trains captured. Between three and four thou- 
sand prisoners were taken by the rebels. The 
action is also called Brice's Cross Roads.— In a 
fight near Petersburg, Va., a portion of the 10th 
Corps and the cavalry force of Kautz were en- 
gaged and lost 20 killed and 67 wounded. — At 
Cynthiana and Kellar's Bridge, Ky., the 168th 
and 171st Oliio (100-day men) encountered the 
guerrillas under John Morgan and suffered 
heavily, losing 21 killed and nearly a thousand 
captured. — On this date occurred the engage- 
ment at Old Church, ^^a.,in wliicl; the 3rd Di- 
vision, cavalrj corps. Army of the Potomac 
were in action. — Morgan raided Frankfort, Ky., 
and was confronted by tlie enrolled militia and 
citizens. — At Lexington, Va., on this and tlie 
following day, the 2nd Division of the Army of 
West Virginia engaged in an indecisive action 
in which the Union loss was six killed and 18 
wounded. — At Cane Creek, Ala., the 106tli Oliio 
Infantry skirmished with guerrillas. — At Lex- 
ington, Ky., the 4th Kentucky Cavalry skirm- 
ished without decisive results. — At Princeton, 
Ky., an action took place. — The 2nd New Jer- 
sey Cavalry fought at Corinth during the Gun- 
town expedition. 

June 11. — Another action took place at 
Cynthiana, Ky., in which the cavalry of the 
Division of Kentucky had a skirmish witli 
Morgan's force. They captured 400 of tlie 
raiders and killed and disabled 300 more, losing 
150.— At Wilson's Landing, Va., tlie 1st U. S. 
colored cavalry engaged in a skirmish. — At Rip- 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



lOS 



ley, Miss., the 3rd and 4th Iowa and 2nd New 
Jersey and 4th Missouri Cavah'y have a Hvely 
engagement during the Guntovvn expedition. — 
At Trevilhan Station, Central R. R., Va., the 
1st and 2nd Division Cavalry Corps, Army of 
the Potomac had an engagement, in which 85 
were killed, 490 wounded and 160 missing; 
rebel loss was 370 missing. Two days were 
consumed in this action. 

June 12. — The heaviest part of the action 
mentioned on the lltli occurred on this date. — 
At McAfee's Cross Roads the cavalry belonging 
to the command of Sherman, (Army of the 
Cumberland) engaged in a tight. — At Kings- 
ville, Mo., a scouting detail from the 1st Mis- 
souri Militia Cavahy encountered the rebels-. — 
Activities at Gordonsville, Va. 

June 13. — At White Oak Swamp Bridge, the 
cavalry connected with the commands of Gen- 
erals Wilson and Crawford engaged in a heavy 
skirmish, losing 50 killed and 250 wounded. — 
At White Post, W. Va., the 6th West Virginia 
Cavalry had a slight engagement. — An en- 
counter between Union soldiers and rebels took 
place at Wilcox' Landing, N. C. 

June 14. — Pine Mountain fight during the 
general engagement at Kenesaw Mountain, Ga. 
— At Lexington, Mo., a detachment of the 1st 
Missouri Militia Cavalry engaged a small rebel 
force and lost eight men in killed and one 
wounded. — At Buchanan, near Lexington, Va., 
the Army of West Virginia made an advance. 

June 15. — The cavalry force of General Wil- 
son encountered the rebels in a heavy skirmish 
at Samaria Church and Malvern Hill, Va. The 
killed were 25 and the wounded three in num- 
ber ; the rebels lost 100 killed and wounded. — 
At Moscow, Tenn., in an engagement between 
the 55th U. S. colored troops and the rebel 
guerrillas, the loss was insignificant. — Com- 
mencement of activities preparatory to the siege 
of Petersburg, Va, The feasibility of the cap- 



ture of the city was not apprehended until the 
opportunity had passed and it became evident 
that it was, practically, the key to the advance 
on Richmond. On the 15th, matters approached 
a focus at that place and battle was in fierce 
progress on the next day. Disaster waited on 
the rebel arms and, on that day, the work of 
taking the city seems to have been assured if 
the correct view of affairs had been taken. But 
by noon of the next day tlie rebels were again 
on the ^defensive and the lighting throughout 
that day was indecisive, and resulted only in 
the inauguration of the siege which was not 
terminated until April 2nd, 1865. When the 
fighting was renewed by the Union toops on 
the 18th, it was found that the rebels were in an 
impregnable position for the nonce. The troops 
engaged in the three days encounters included 
the 10th and ISth Corps, Army of the .James 
under Butler, the 2nd, 5th, 6th and Dth Corps, 
Army of the Potomac commanded by Meade. 
The loss ni killed was 1,298, wounded 7,474 and 
1,814 missing. Baylor's Farm, Va., was in- 
cluded in the above action on the 15th. — At 
Tunica, on the Red River, the troops of Bank's 
expedition had a skirmish with the rebels on 
the banks of the river. 

June 16. — At Otter Creek, Va., the troops of 
Hunter's command. Army of West Virgina, 
skirmished with guerrillas and lost three killed 
and 15 wounded.— At Wier Bottom Creek, Va., 
(Siege of Petersburg,) the 2nd Division, 10th 
Corps, Army of the James, engaged in one of 
the fights included in one of the actions out- 
lined above.— At Golgotha, Ga., the 2nd Corps of 
Sherman's army had a fight.— Walthal, Va., 
was the scene of one of the engagements be- 
fore Pittsburg in whicii the 1st Division of the 
10th Corps was engaged. — At Pierson's Farm 
the 36th U. S. colored troops fought the 
rebels. 

June 17.— Lynchburg, Va. Hunter had beeu 



104 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



reinforced by Crook's divison of infantry and 
Averill's cavalry, making his command 18,000 
strong, with 30 guns. He pressed towards 
Lyncliljurg, destroying Staunton and the fac- 
tories of the rebels and helping himself to such 
supplies as his troops needed. It is said that 
the troops waded in tobacco that was ruth- 
lessly scattered in the streets. The Virginia 
Central railway was destroyed for several miles 
and the rairoad shops and supplies burned, 
the culverts and bridges benig ruined beyond 
repair. On the 12th, Crook's advance met and 
repulsed McCausland's forces; Hunter took 
possession of the town. At Waynesboro, Duf- 
fle's cavalry tested the mettle and position of 
the rebels and moved by a different route. 
They broke the railroad at Amherst Court 
House and repulsed Imboden, who followed. 
The rebel cavalry lost about 100 prisoners, in- 
cluding 17 officers ; 400 horses were taken and 
two iron furnaces, and large quantities of com- 
missary stores were destroyed and a part of 
Imboden's train, which was returning by AVhite 
Gap. The loss of Duffie was not serious. The 
delay saved Lynchburg, which had been 
reached and its outposts taken on the 17th by 
Cook and Averill. Early's infantry made a 
sally to meet the attack but was driven back, 
the Union soldiers showing conspicuous bra- 
very, the 116th Ohio planting their colors on 
the breastworks of Early who was driven back. 
Hunter became assured that Lynchburg was 
invulnerable and, at night, of the 17th,withdrew. 
The Union loss was 100 killed, 500 wounded ; 
the rebels lost 200 in killed and wounded. — 
At Nose Creek, Ga., an action took place. — At 
Quaker Church, Va., a slight engagement oc- 
curred. 

June 18.— An action took place at Bards 
town, Ky. 

June 19. -During the battle known as Kene- 
saw Mountain, a fight took place at Pine Knob. 



— The capture of the Alabama at Cherbourg, 
France. The rebel war steamer arrived in 
French waters eight days before. Three days 
later, the Kearsarge entered the bay. Semmes, 
the commander, decided on a fight and, on tlie 
morning of the 19th, took a position at the limit 
of neutral waters, escorted by the iron clad 
Couronne, a French vessel. The Deerhound, 
an English yacht, was at hand to see the sport. 
When the Kearsarge had passed a distance 
of seven miles she turned to give battle and 
steamed straight for the Alabama. Within a 
mile, the latter opened fire on the Kearsarge, 
which sheered around and gave a broadside 
with great effect. The steamers made a series 
of concentric circles,' the Kearsarge endeavoring 
to prevent this course in vain. At the seveutli 
revolution, the Alabama, perceiving tlie hope- 
lessness of her case, headed for the shore, five 
miles away. Two miles would bring her with- 
in French waters but the attempt was too late. 
She became disabled, the Kearsarge taking a 
raking position and firing across her bows and 
Semmes run up the white flag. A small boat 
containing an ofiicer came alongside the Kear- 
sarge and stated that she surrendered and was 
fast sinking. The boats of the conqueror were 
lowered to save the enemy's men from drown- 
ing, and Captain Winslow requested the com- 
mander of the Deerhound, which approached, 
to aid in the rescue. The men and officers of 
the Alabama took to the water and forty, in- 
cluding Semmes, were picked up bj' the Deer- 
hound, which steamed for Cherbourg and her 
passengers escaped capture through the clem- 
ency of Winslow. The latter took 70 prisoners 
and had the satisfaction and honor of ridding 
the earth of a rebel privateer which had been 
the terror of the American shipping for a long 
period. The loss in killed and wounded on 
the Kearsarge was three ; that of the Alabama 
included nine killed and 21 wounded. 










, C- L^ C-'/S 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



105 



June 20. — The fighting in front of Peters- 
burg, Va., was continued without accomplish- 
ing determinate results. From the 18th, when 
the siege proper began, to the 20th, the loss of 
the Federal forces before the city 'amounted to 
112 killed and 506 wounded, Generals Cham- 
berlain and Egan being among the latter. The 
number of missing was 800 in round numbers. — 
General Abercrorabie of the Army of the Poto- 
mac was attacked bj- a portion of the force of 
General Wade Hampton and the affair was 
terminated by the arrival of General Sheridan. 
The attacks were made in the vicinity of White 
House and continued until the 24th. — At Lib- 
erty, Va., the 2nd Division of cavalry, Army of 
W. Vu., were engaged. — At Powder Spring, Ga., 
the cavalry of the Army of the Cumberland 
fought one of the engagements mentioned in 
the account of the march of Sherman above. — 
— At Lattamore's Mills, Ga., the cavalry men- 
tioned liad another encounter in the same cam- 
paign, or Kenesaw Mountain. 

June 21.— At Salem, Va., the 2ud Division of 
Cavalry, Army of West Virginia, commanded 
by Averill, encountered the rebels, sustaining a 
loss of six killed and 10 wounded. The con- 
federate loss was 10 killed and wounded. — On 
the James River at Dutch Gap, a naval engage- 
ment occurred in tlie neighborhood of the 
canal.— At Buford's Gap, Va., the 23rd Ohio 
Infantry had a skirmish with a loss of 15 killed. 
— At White House Landing, Va., portions of the 
1st and 2nd Divisions, Cavalry Corps, Army of 
the Potomac, drove the rebels who were attack- 
ing the position of Abercrombie. — At Pine 
Bluff, Ark., the 27th Wisconsin, belonging to 
General Steele's force, had a lively skirmish. — 
Skirmishes at Aiken's Landing, S. C, Kingston, 
N. C, Davis' Farm, Va.— Lincoln visited the 
army and the situation was discussed between 
him. General Butler and General Grant. 

June 22. — The movements against the ^'^ir- 



ginia railroads were put in progress. The 6th 
and 2nd Corps started for the line of the Wel- 
don railroad and the forces of General Barlow 
were attacked by the rebels who inflicted ruin- 
ous results. The fight continued through the 
day and a large number of Lhiion soldiers were 
killed and wounded and 2,000 prisoners were 
taken by the rebels. The corps rallied and 
made another attempt to accomplish effective 
work on the 23rd. Meanwhile, Sheridan's 
cavalry were as.sailed at AVhite House, fifty 
miles away, and narrowly escaped destruction. 
On the 25th he succeeded in crossing the James 
with an enormous wagon train, the rebels wor- 
rying the rear of the command. The fighting 
was urgent during the passage from the Pam- 
unkey, but Sheridan preserved his trains. — 
The cavalry of Wilson and Kautz started at 
two o'clock on the morning of the 22nd for the 
Danville railroad. They struck the Weldon at 
Ream's Station which they destroyed and did 
other mischief. They swept across to the 
Lynchburg road and commenced tearing up 
the track at Sutherland's Station, and destroyed 
the track to Ford's Station, a distance of 22 
miles, burning locomotives and depots. On 
the 23rd, Kautz started for Burksville, the in- 
tersection of the Richmond & Danville and 
Petersburg and Lynchburg railroads. At that 
point he destroyed depot and cars and com- 
menced tearing up the track. In the afternoon 
he was attacked by a rebel force and at night- 
the rebels retired. On the 24th, Wilson and 
Kautz .started for Meberrin on the Danville 
road, the troops of Wilson crossing the coun- 
try and those of Kautz following the track 
of the railroad. From Meberrin they went 
to Keysville, destroying the road and stock 
as they advanced. At Staunton they were 
interrupted in their devastating progress by 
a strong rebel force and failed to destroy the 
bi-idge. They set out on their return, annoyed 



106 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



by attacking forces of rebels at various points. 
At Stony Creek the confederates opposed them 
in great numbers and in the niglat Kautz 
started for Reams' Station to find it in the pos- 
session of the rebels. Wilson soon joined him, 
but their combined forces only encountered 
disaster. In disordered condition the troops of 
Kautz started^ for their old camps which they 
reached on the 30th, exhausted and worn out, 
many sleeping in their saddles. Wilson 
arrived at the Union lines on the 1st of July in 
no better condition than his colleague. Not- 
withstanding the terrible cost of the destruction 
of the railroads, it accomplished the purpose 
sought. Grant's report very singularly omit- 
ted mention of this attempt on the Weldon 
railroad mentioned in the lirst part of this sec- 
tion under the same date. The loss to the 
army of the Potomac was reported to an early 
historian as 5,316 in 10 days from the 20th to 
the 30th of July, but it is not certain whether 
this includes the cavalry losses, there being no 
battles, but rather heavy skirmishing. It has 
been estimated that tlie losses in the several 
cavalry raids on the roads and the encounters 
with the rebels aggregated about 3,000. — At 
White River, Ark., three companies of the 12th 
Iowa Infantry, aided by the gunboat Lexing- 
ton, skirmished with the rebels and lost two 
killed and four wounded, the rebel loss being 
about the same.—The action at Gulp's House 
(Kenesaw Mountain) took place on this day. — 
At St. Mary's River, Fla., a sliglit skirmish oc- 
curred. 

June 23. — At Jones' Bridge, Va., tlie 1st and 
2nd Divisions, cavalry corps, Army of the Po- 
tomac, and 28th U. S. colored troops were at- 
tacked by the rebels, the same action including 
that at Samaria Church and occujaying two 
days. The Union loss was 54 killed and 235 
wounded. The rebels lost 250 killed and 
wounded,— Wilson's raid at Nottoway C. H,^ 



At Collinsville, Miss., a train on the Charleston 
& Mississippi railroad was attacked by bush- 
whackers. — At Lafayetta, Tenn., an action of 
little importance occurred. 

June 24. — At White River, Ark., the steamer 
Queen City and gunboats had an engagement 
with the rebels. The steamor was captured 
first and blown up. Tlie tinclads Tyler and 
Naumkeag and unarmored boat Fawn followed 
with a deliberate attack and drove the rebels 
from their position. — The action at Staunton 
Bridge, Wilson's raid. 

June 25. — The Uth Missouri, 9th Iowa and 
3rd Michigan Cavalry, the 126th Illinois In- 
fantry and Battery D, 2nd Missouri Artillery 
engaged with the rebels at Clarendon on the 
St. Charles River, Ark. The loss to the Union 
troops was about 200 ; that of the rebels being 
the same in missing. — At Point Pleasant, La., 
the 64th U. S. colored troops had an action of 
little importance. 

June 27. — General assault at Kenesaw 
Mountain. — At Charlestown, W. Va., the 1st 
Division of the Army of West Virginia fought 
the rebels. 

June 28. — At Stony Creek, Va., Wilson's 
raid. 

June 29. — Ream's Station, Va., Wilson's raid. 
— Action at Lafayette, Ga., in which the 4th 
and 6th Kentucky Cavalry engaged. 

July 1. — Action at Seabrook Island, S. C. 

July 2. — A skirmish took place at Pine 
Blutf, Ark., in which the 64th U. S. colored 
troops were engaged with a loss of six killed. — 
A sharp engagement on James Island at Fort 
Johnston in which the troops of the Department 
of the South suffered a loss of 19 killed, 97 
wounded and 135 missing. — The ord Iowa 
Cavalry became involved in a skirmish at 
Salisbury, Miss. — At Nickajack Creek, Ga., 
Sherman's troops engaged the rebels and sus- 
tained a loss of 60 killed and 310 wounded, the 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



107 



rebel loss being 100 killed and wounded ; the 
action covered about three days; the regiments 
of the Armies of the Cumberland and the Ten- 
.nessee were involved.--At White Point a slight 
action occurred. 

July 3. — In an expedition from Vicksburg 
to Jackson, Miss., which included six days, the 
1st Division of the 17th Army Corps was 
engaged in several skirmishes in which the 
aggregate Union loss was 150 wounded, and 
the rebel loss was "200 wounded. — The lOtli 
West Virginia and 1st New York Cavalry 
engaged with the rebels at Leetown, Va , re- 
sulting in a loss of three Union soldiers killed 
and 12 wounded.— At Hammack's Mills, W. 
Va., a detail from the 153rd Ohio National 
Guard lost three killed and seven wounded in 
a rebel attack. — Skirmishes, etc., at Platte City, 
Mo., Martinsburg and Winchester, Va. 

July 4. — At Searcy, Ark., a detachment of 
Arkansas cavalry engaged in a raid. — At Vicks- 
burg, Miss., a regiment of colored troops sus- 
tained a loss of one killed and seven wounded 
in a skirmish.^Sirmishes, etc., in Clay county, 
Mo., and Point of Rocks, Md.-The 2nd Wis- 
consin Cavalry encountered the rebels at 
Clinton, Miss., while en route to Jackson. — In 
an action near Port Gibson, Miss., two regi- 
ments of Union soldiers lost six killed and 18 
wounded. — At Bolivar and Maryland Heights, 
Va., the troops under General Sigel commenced 
an action which included three days with a 
loss of 20 killed and 80 wounded. 

July 5 — The advance of General A. J. 
Smith against Forrest at Tupelo commenced, 
the Union force leaving La Grange, Tenn , and 
marching to the place where the rebels were 
concentrated and Forrest was defeated with a 
loss to the Union forces of 85 killed and 5G7 
wounded; the confederate loss was 110 killed 
and 600 wounded. — The troops of General 
Foster fought the I'ebels at John's Island with 



a loss of 16 killed and 82 wounded ; rebel lo.ss, 
20 killed and 30 wounded.— In a skirmish at 
Hagerstown, Md., two- Union soldiers were 
killed and six wounded. — Slight affair at 
Mechanicstown, Md.— The 2nd Wisconsin, 5th 
and 11th Illinois Cavalry with three Illinois 
infantry regiments and a colored cavalry regi- 
ment set out on an expedition to Jackson, Miss. 
— The 2nd Colorado Cavalry engaged in an 
action on the Little Blue River, Mo., and lost 
eight killed and one wounded. — At Mount Zion 
Church, Va., the 2nd Massachusetts Cavalry 
had an engagement of slight importance. — The 
Armies of the (,)hio, Tennessee and Cumberland 
prepared to move across the Chattahoochie 
River. 

July 7. — At the mouth of Soap Creek, Gen- 
eral Schofield commanding the Army of the 
Ohio, surprised the confederate guard ; Gar- 
rard's cavalry moved to Rosswell and destroyed 
factories engaged in manufacturing cloth for 
the rebel armies ; an infantry division froin^he 
command of Thomas moved to his support at a 
ford and the entire command of McPherson 
took position ; Howard's corps constructed a 
bridge at Power's Ferry and moved to a posi- 
tion on the right of Schofield ; in these move- 
ments, during which Johnston crossed the river 
and took iiis position at Peach Tree Creek and 
on the river, covering Atlanta, the loss to the 
Union force was eight killed and 450 wounded. 
— In a skirmish at Solomon's Gap and Middle- 
ton, Md., the Union trooj^g lost five killed and 
20 wounded. — Skirmishes and other activities 
occurred at Hagar's Mountain, Md., Clinton, 
and Ripley, Miss., and Harper's Ferry, Md. 

July 8. — An unimportant affair occurred at 
Parkersville, Va. 

July 9. — Early's raid. — General Wallace se- 
lected a position at Monocacy, Md., to check the 
operations of the restless rebel who attacked 
and defeated the Union force ; troops from 



108 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Pennsylvania and New York, convalescant 
veterans from the hospitals at Washington and 
Smith's corps from the Army of the Potomac 
moved to the defense of Washington and Early 
retreated after having inflicted a loss of 90 
killed, 579 wounded and the loss of a consider- 
able quantity of supplies which he captured ; 
the loss in killed and wounded of the rebels 
was 400. — During this movement slight skirm- 
ishes took place at Rockville, Darnestown, 
Reisterstown and Cockeysville, Md. 

July 11.— Rousseau's raid in Alabama and 
Georgia. — The movement of Johnston across 
the Chattahoochie caused the despatching of 
Rousseau with a cavalry force and tv,'0 pieces of 
artillery from Decatur, Ala., and a part of the 
command crossed the Coosa July 13th and 
were attacked at Stone's Ferry by General 
Clayton, commanding a force of rebel cavalry ; 
they were routed and the Union troops pro- 
ceeded to Selnia, where they dispersed a camp 
of %0 rebel conscripts and moved on to the 
West Point railroad at Chewa Station where 
Clayton was again encountered and driven with 
a loss of 40 killed and a large number of 
wounded; great quantities of supplies were 
captured and the railroad destroyed. — Rousseau 
arrived at Marietta July 22nd, having destroyed 
25 miles of railroad, and he brought in 400 
mules and 300 horses and sustained a loss 
throughout of 12 killed and 30 wounded.— At 
Tenallytown near Washington, during Early's 
retreat, a slight skirmish took place. — A slight 
action took place at Magnolia, Miss.— At Pon- 
totoc, Miss., in the expedition to Tupelo, the 
8th Wisconsin, 5tli Minnesota and the 11th 
Missouri Infantry with the 2nd Iowa Cavalry, 
had an encounter with the rebels. 

July 12.— Early made a threatening move- 
ment on Fort Stevens, a remote fortification be- 
longing to the defenses of Washington, and was 
driven by a brigade of the 6th Corps after a hot 



engagement, in which the Lhiion loss was 54 
killed and 319 wounded. — At Petit Jean, Ark., 
a company of Arkansas cavalry have a slight 
action. — At Lee's Mills, Va., a detachment from " 
the Army of the Potomac encountered the 
rebels and sustained a loss of three killed and 
13 wounded and inflicted on the rebels a loss 
of 25 killed and wounded. 

July 13.— At Tupelo the forces of Smith's 
expedition engaged in a sharp action at Harris- 
burg, Miss. 

July 14. — In Rousseau's raid on the Coosa 
River, Ala., the 8th Indiana and the 5th Ohio 
Cavalry encountered the rebels under Clayton. 
— In a skirmish at Ozark, Mo., the 14tli Kan- 
sas Cavalry sustained a loss of two men killed 
and one wounded — At Farr's Mills, Ark., the 
4th Arkansas Cavalry engaged in an action. 

July. 15. — At Stone's Ferry on the Talla- 
poosa River, Ala., the rebels contested the 
crossing of Rousseau's troops.— An engagement 
connected with the Tupelo expedition took 
place at Oldtown Creek, Miss. 

July 16. — At Grand Gulf on the Mississippi 
River the 72nd and 76th Illinois Infantry, 2nd 
Wisconsin Cavalry and 53d U. S. colored troops 
were attacked by the rebels on their way to 
Texas ; the action covered two days. 

July 17. — At Fredericksburg, Mo., the 2nd 
Colorado Cavalry encountered the rebels. 

July 18. — Battle at Winchester, Va. Gen- 
eral Early attacked the Union troops under 
Torbert, who was stationed to cover the with- 
drawal of Sheridan, who did not consider the 
position at Winchester defensible and deemed 
it wisest to move his command back to Berry- 
ville ; Torbert held his troops until the with- 
drawal was accomplished, losing 97 in killed 
and wounded from his infantry force, with 200 
prisoners, and also sustained a loss of 50 cav- 
alry. — At Auburn, Ga., the 9th Ohio and 4th 
Tennessee Cavalry have a skirmish.— In the 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



109 



action at Chewa Station the 8th Indiana, 5th 
Iowa and 4th Tennessee Cavahy engaged in an 
action which has been mentioned above in 
connection with Rousseau's raid. — During 
Early's retreat tlie actions already mentioned 
— Snicker's Ferry, Island Ford on the Shenan- 
doah River, Va — occurred on this date. — The 
cavalry of the Army of West Virginia forced 
their way through A^hby's Gap. 

July 19.- — Action at Darkesville, Va. 

July 20.— Battle of Peach Tree Creek. The 
rebel army was posted on the west bank of 
Peach Tree Creek, their line extending from 
Turner's Ferry to the Augusta road ; the com- 
mand had been turned over three days prev- 
ious to Hood by General Johnston under orders 
from the confederate Secretary of State, by 
whom he was relieved of his command be- 
cause he had failed to check the progress of 
Sherman's army. Johnston remained with 
Hood at headquarters and explained his plans 
for the defense of Atlanta, until the afternoon 
of the 18th. On that day, McPherson reached 
a point seven miles east of Decatur and de- 
stroyed four miles of railroad; Sciiofield ar- 
rived at Decatur the same day and Thomas 
constructed bridges over Peach Tree Creek and 
moved his troops across in the face of the ene- 
my. Hood ordered an attack on the lines of 
Thomas July 20tb and, after a stubborn con- 
test, withdrew his lines, sustaining a loss of 
1,113 killed, 2,500 wounded and 1,183 missing, 
most of whom were prisoners ; the loss to the 
Army of the Cumberland formed an aggregate 
of 1,600 killed and wounded.— Slight action at 
Gonzales, Tex. 

July 21.— Construction of the pontoon 
bridges at Deep Bottom, Va., by the command 
of Butler. - Unimportant skirmish at Hender- 
son, Ky. 

July 22. — Battle of Atlanta. Hood's attack 
on the Army of the Tennessee under McPher- 



son. General Hood was a fighter and not a 
strategist ; his attack on the Army of the Cum- 
berland having failed, the movement of the 
Army of the Tennessee to the right of his po- 
sition would necessitate the evacuation of At- 
lanta if not checked and Hood abandoned the 
position to which lie had withdrawn after the 
battle of Peach Tree Creek and on the night of 
the 21st he pushed his lines close to Atlanta. 
The movements of McPherson at the same 
time, and the fact that Blair had pushed for- 
ward and taken a commanding position within 
two miles of Atlanta, gave the Federal army an 
advantage which was increased by the 
strengthening and contracti.ig of Sherman's 
entire force and the battle of Atlanta followed, 
the rebels being driven from the field with 
great slaughter, the general fighting by the 
Federal forces being rendered most effective by 
the enfilading fire from the batteries from 
Schofield's command, which poured continu- 
ously upon the rebels until they retired. The 
cavalry under Garrard had been employed. in 
the destruction of the Augusta railroad west of 
Atlanta and this movement, coupled with that 
of Rousseau on the West Point railroad, left to 
the rebels but one line of communication — the 
Macon railroad. To reach this, Sherman 
transferred his army to the west of Atlanta. 
The reports of the commanding general of the 
battle of July 22nd gives the aggregate of 
killed and wounded and prisoners at 3,722, and 
estimates the rebel loss at 8,000. McPherson 
was killed. — The 6th U. S. colored artillery 
encounter tlie rebels at Vidalia, La. 

July 23. — General Crook, m command at 
Harper's Ferry, moved up the valley with a 
small force and encountered Early at Kerns- 
town, sustaining defeat and being driven back 
to Martinsburg with a loss of 1,200 in killed 
and wounded, the aggregate rebel loss being 
600. The action included two days. 



no 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



July 24. — At Carrolton Lauding, Caroline 
Bend, Miss., tlie 6th Michigan Artilleiy, on 
Board the Clara Belle, had an encounter with 
the rebels on the shore. 

July 25. -At Cortland, Ala., the 18th Michi- 
gan and 32nd Wisconsin Infantry engaged in a 
continuous skirmish with the rebels, who 
attacked a wagon train and gave them a suc- 
cessful thrashing, foiling all their efforts to 
capture the supplies. 

July 29. — In a fight at Wallaces' Ferry on 
Big Creek, Ark., the 15th Illinois Cavalry and a 
company of colored artillery and 60th and 56th 
U. S. Colored Regiments, engaged in a sharp 
action, losing 16 killed and 32 wounded, the 
rebel lo.ss being 150 killed and wounded. — At 
Des Arc, Ark., the llth Missouri Cavalry had 
a slight skirmish. — At Haxall's Landing, Va., 
Early'.s cavalry and a small force of Union cav- 
alry met in an unimportant scrimmage. — The 
25th Mounted Ohio Infantry sustained a rebel 
attack at St. Mary's Trestle, Fla.— Stoneman's 
raid. General Stoneman in command of 5,000 
cavalry, and General E. M. McCook, in com- 
mand of 4,000 cavalry, commenced the move- 
ment known to history under the caption which 
has been given. The two cavalry commanders, 
moving respectively to the left and right, were 
under orders from General Sherman to meet on 
the night of July 28th on the Macon railroad near 
Lovejoy Station, a considerable distance south 
of Atlanta, and effectually destroy the railroad 
which, it has been stated already, was the only 
line- of rebel communication. McCook moved 
down the west bank of the Chattahoochie to a 
location near Rivertown, crossed the river and 
destroyed a portion of the West Point railway 
and, at Fayetteville, destroyed a large rebel 
wagon train, and afterwards accomplished much 
destruction at Lovejoy's ; Stoneman disregarded 
all instructions and ignored the mam purpose of 
his movement and did not effect the junction 



with McCook. He was surrounded by the 
rebels under Iverson and, despatching a large 
portion of his conmiand, (a part of which re- 
turned to Sherman) he surrendered with the 
small force he had retained. No advantage 
was gained. Stoneman had asked permission to 
press on to Macon and Andersonville and re- 
lease the Union prisoners there held. He 
reached Macon hut made no attempt on the 
town and, although some damage was done to 
the railroad, it was not sufficiently effective to 
cut off the rebel communication. McCook suc- 
ceeded in extricating himself but lost about 500 
of his force. The 1st Wisconsin, 6th and 8th 
Iowa and 2nd and 8th Indiana, were incorpor- 
ated in McCook's command in his raid to Love- 
joy Station. 

July 27.— At Mazzard Prairie, Fort Smith, 
Ark., 200 soldiers of the 6th Kansas Cavalry 
were attacked by a greatly superior force ; the 
rebels killed 12, wounded 17 and captured 150 
Union soldiers and inflicted a loss of 12 killed 
and wounded. — The Army of the James began 
the passage of the river Deep Bottom and 
drove the rebels from Bailej^'s Creek and also 
captured a rebel hatterj^ on the Newmarket 
Road. Sheridan encountered Kershaw's cav- 
alry and fought him with a dismounted force. 
— The aggressive movements of the Union 
forces at the points named and at Malvern 
Hill, convinced Lee that Richmond was the ob- 
jective point of the Federal movements. — The 
colored troops in Florida at Whiteside, Black 
Creek, sustained a rebel assault. 

July 28. — Hood's attack on Sherman's 
troops at Ezra Church, Ga. On the 27th of 
July, the Army of the Tennessee was trans- 
ferred to a position in which it prolonged the 
Federal lines, and on the morning of the 28tli 
firing commenced fi'om the rebel position. 
About noon an attack was made on the corps 
of Logan by the rebels under General Cheat- 



HISTORY OF THE CIVH. WAR. 



Ill 



ham, who repeated their assaults until late in 
the afternoon, each of them being repulsed 
with great loss to the rebels ; Logan's loss was 
less than 700; Cheatham abandoned the field, 
leaving 642 killed and 1,000 of bis men were 
missing and prisoners ; he had 3,000 wounded 
men to look after. — Several regiments of Min- 
nesota, Iowa and Dakota troops had a sharp 
fight with the Indians at Tah-kah-o-kuty, Dak. 
Terr. — At Atchafalaya River, a portion of the 
19th Corps have an engagement. — At West 
Point, Ark., the 11th Missouri Cavalry had a 
skirmish with the rebel. — At Campbelltown, 
Ga., a portion of McCook's cavalry, while re- 
tracing their route after their encounter at 
Lovejoy's with the rebels, engaged in a success- 
ful skirmish with a rebel cavalry force. — At 
Flat Shoals, Ga., a detachment of Garrard's 
cavalry in Stoneman's raid engaged in a skir- 
mish. — Unimportant affairs at Chambersburg 
and Four-Mile Creek, Va., and at Palmetto 
Station, Ga. (On this date the continuous siege 
of the city of Atlanta, lasting until Sept. 22nd, 
was commenced.) 

July 29. — In a skirmish at Clear Springs, 
Md., the confederate loss was 17 killed and 
wounded. — At Fort Smith, Ark., a slight skir- 
mish occurred without casualty on either side. 
— The cavalry belonging to McCook's com- 
mand met the rebel cavalry at Lovejoy Sta- 
tion, Ga., (This affair has been treated pre- 
viously.) 

July 30. — Explosion of the mine at Peters- 
burg, Va. The explosion took place at half 
past 3 o'clock in ihe morning. It was 
wholly a surprise to the rebels and the dis- 
charge of 8,000 pounds of powder created a 
cavity which has gone into history as "the cra- 
ater;" the concussion had hardly ceased before 
the head of Ledlie's division began to move for 
the breach ; the deep excavation with its sides 
of loose sand into which protruded the beams 



and timbers of the fort, presented a seemingly 
impassable obstacle, and all military order was 
abandoned, the soldiers pressing forward in 
great confusion. A considerable space on the 
sides of the top of the crater had been aban- 
doned by the rebels and upon these the ad- 
vancing brigades crowded until the breach 
was filled with a disorganized mass of soldiers; 
a single i-eginent climbed the slope and ad- 
vanced toward a point beyond which was the 
object of the as.sault but, not being supported, 
the command fell back to the crater. The 
rebels speedily recovered from the first shock 
and with great dispatch planted batteries to 
sweep the approaches to the crater. The posi- 
tion of the Federal troops was most dangerous 
and in their withdrawal the destruction from 
the mortar shells, musketry and artillerj' 
which poured upon them was fearful. In ad- 
dition, they were suffering from having been 
crowded into the narrow slaughter pen where 
they had been eight hours without water un- 
der the fierce rays of the midsummer sun. 
The loss in killed and wounded was 2,100 and 
1,900 soldiers were taken prisoners, and nothing 
was gained to the Federal forces. — The 2Dd 
Cavalry Divison of Davis' Brigade, Army of 
the Potomac, encountered the rebels at Lee's 
Mills, Va., and in the engagement lost two 
killed and 11 wounded. — Early's cavalry de- 
stroyed the defenceless city of Chambersburg, 
Pa., and fled Southward. — McCook's cavalry en- 
gaged in a skirmish at Newman, Ga. — The cav- 
alry under Stoneman withdrew a short distance 
from Macon without action. — At Lebanon, Ky., 
one company of the 12th Ohio Cavalry en- 
gaged in an unimportant brush with the 
rebels. 

July 31. — At llillsboro, Ga., Stoneman's cav- 
alry engaged with the rebels. 

Aug. 1. — Skirmish at Rolla, Mo., in which 
the 5th Missouri Cavalry (State troops) were en- 



112 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



gaged. — At Cumberland, Md., a detachment of 
the force under General B. F. Kelley have an 
encounter with the rebels. 

Aug. 2. — A skirmish took place at Green 
Springs, W. Va., in which the 153 Ohio Infantry 
were engaged and sustained a loss of one killed, 
five wounded and 90 missing, the confederate 
loss being five killed and 22 wounded. — An en- 
gagement took place at Osceola, Ark., in which 
the 2nd and 3rd Missouri (State troops) and 1st 
and 6th Missouri Cavalry were engaged. 

Aug. 3. — Slight skirmish at Elk Shute. Mo., 
in which a detachment of troops under Colonel 
J. L. Burris were engaged. 

Aug. 4. — Action at New Creek, Va.; unim- 
portant. 

Aug. 5. — At Donaldsonville, La., the 11th 
New York Cavalry were assaulted by the rebels 
and lost 60 prisoners. — Fort Gaines attacked. 
Two days previous General Gordon Granger 
joined Admiral Farragut with 1,500 naen, who 
were landed at Dauplnn Island and marched 
under cover of the fleet and, on the 4th, in- 
trenched within halfa mile of Fort Gaines. On 
the 5th, the fleet of 15 vessels steamed up to 
Fort Morgan, Farragut being lashed to the 
rigging of the Hartford. Forts Morgan and 
Gaines simultaneously opened fire on the fleet 
and the Tecumseli was sunk in the channel by 
a torpedo, with 120 men, only 10 of whom were 
rescued. After an hours' engagement in which 
the flagship took the lead, the fleet passed the 
forts and entered the bay. The confederate 
fleet disputed their progress and a lively naval 
action ensued. The Union vessel, Metacomet, 
captured the rebel gunboat, Selma, and the 
rebel ram, Tennessee, surrendered after two 
hours fighting with 20 ofticers and 170 men ; 
Admiral Buchanan was seriously wounded and 
10 of her crew were killed or wounded; the 
rebel gunboat, Morgan, escaped and the Gaines 
fled for protection under the guns of Fort 



Morgan. The Federal loss was 52 killed and 
170 wounded. Fort Powell was evacuated on 
the same day and was blown up by the rebels 
to prevent its occupation by the Union forces. 
The action continued until the surrender of Fort 
Gaines on the 8th and of Fort Morgan, August 
23rd. — Sherman's army made a crossing on the 
North Fork of Utoy Creek ; the movement of 
the three armies of the Tennessee, Cumberland 
and Ohio, occupied two days. — A movement of 
troops took place on the Jerusalem Plank Road, 
Va. — In Missouri, the State Militia engaged with 
assaulting parties of rebels, the skirmishing 
continuing at intervals for three days. — The 2nd 
Cavalry Division of the Army of the Cumber- 
land changed position east of Decatui', Ala. — 
At Cabin Point, Va., the colored troops defended 
the position from rebel assault. 

Aug. 6. — At Plaquemine, La., a skirmisli 
occurred, in which the 4th Wisconsin Cavalry 
and the 11th Heavy Artillery engaged. 

Aug. 7. — At Mooreville, Yn. a considerable 
fight took place in which the lltli Pennsyl- 
vania, 8th Ohio, 1st and ord West "\^irginia and 
1st New York Cavalry engaged, resulting in a 
Union victory with a loss of nine killed and 22 
wounded, the rebels losing 100 killed and 
wounded and 400 missing. — On this date, the 
cavalry of the 16th Corps under Hatch and the 
infantry under Mower commenced a series of 
movements on the Tallahatchie River, includ- 
ing the actions at Abbeville, Oxford and on 
Hurricane Creek, extending to the 14tli of 
August. — At Tah-kah-o-kuty Mountain, Dak. 
Terr., a threatened movement of the Indians 
was repressed. 

Aug. 8. — In DakotaTerritory four regiments 
of infantry, including the 8th and 2nd Minne- 
sota and the 6th and 7tli Iowa, supported by 
two battalions of cavalry rout a consider- 
able force of Indians. — At Oldtown \'a., an 
unimportant action took place. 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



113 



Aug. 9 — An explosion of ummunitiou oc- 
curred at City Point, Va., killing 70 Union 
soldiers and wounding 130. 

Aug. 10.— The cavalry raid under Torbert 
commenced on this date; at Sulphur Springs 
Bridge, Berryville Pike and White Post, Va., 
a cavalry division of Sheridan's command 
under Torbert, dispersed the rebels, consisting 
of stragglers from the command of Early ; the 
Union troops lost 34 killed, 90 wounded and 
200 missing ; the movement occupied two days. 
— The United States steamer Empress was 
fired on by confederate batteries and sustained 
a loss of six killed and 12 wounded. — The 2nd 
and 6th Kansas Cavalry engaged in a raid. 

Aug. 12. — A detail from the 7th Iowa Cav- 
alry engaged in a skirmish with guerrilla 
squads on the Little Blue River in Dakota 
Territory. — At Montauk, in Missouri, a raid by 
rebel guerrillas took place. 

Aug. 13. — At Snicker's Gap, Va., the 144th 
and 149th Ohio engaged in a skirmish in 
which they lost four killed, 10 wounded and 
200 prisoners ; the rebel loss was two killed 
and three wounded ; the Ohio regiments were 
engaged in guarding a supply train when 
attacked. — At Shawnee Mound, Mo., an un- 
important action took place. 

Aug. 14.— At Gravel Hill, Va., the 2nd Cav- 
alry Division of the Army of the Potomac, a 
detachment from Sheridan's command, encoun- 
tered the rebels with a loss of three killed and 
18 wounded.— Battle of Strawberry Plains, 
Grant and Lee commanding their respective 
forces. August 13th a detachment of the Army 
of the Potomac under Hancock, Birney and 
Gregg crossed the James to Deep Bottom and 
pressed on towards Richmond, reaching the 
rebel line of intrenchments in the afternoon of 
the 14th, where an attack was made by two of 
Hancock's divisions which was repulsed. Until 
the 18th, a series of rapid but indecisive en- 



gagements were kept up while Hancock endeav- 
ored to find a weak point. These were of no 
particular advantage to the immediate purpose, 
but they prevented reinforcements being sent 
to Early and weakened the rebel strength at 
Petersburg and thereby conduced to a sub- 
sequent movement against tlie Weldon rail- 
road. The aggregate Union loss was 400 
killed, 1,755 vvounded and 1,400 missing ; the 
rebels lost 1,000 in killed and wounded. — At 
Dalton, Ga., an active skirmish occurred which 
covered two days. — Tlie action at Hurricane 
Creek under Hatch and Mower, cavahy com- 
manders of the 16th Army Corps, occurred. 

Aug. 15. — In an action at Fisher's Hill, Va., 
the 6th and 8th Corps and the 1st Cavalry Di- 
vision of the Army of the Potomac, in an en- 
gagement with detachments of Earl}'"s com- 
mand lost 30 from their fighting force in 
wounded. — At West Point Miss., an unimport- 
ant action took place. 

Aug. 16.— At Crooked Run, Front Royal, 
^'a., the cavahy force of General Merritt at- 
tacked the rebels under Lomax and Wickham, 
and inflicted a loss of 30 killed, 150 wounded, 
and 300 prisoners captured ; their own loss be- 
ing 13 killed and 58 wounded. — At Smoky 
Hill Crossing, Kas., a cavalry action took place. 

Aug. 17. — At Winchester, Va., the New Jer- 
sey brigade belonging to the 6th Corps, with 
Wilson's cavalry, engaged in a fight while on a 
reconnoissance, in which they sustained a loss 
of 50 killed and 250 missing. — In a skirmish at 
Gainesville, Fla., the 75th Ohio Mounted In- 
fantry received a heavy assault in which they 
lost 16 killed, 30 wounded and 102 missing. — 
At Cleveland, Tenn., the 6th Ohio Heavy Artil- 
lery were engaged in an unimportant action. 

Aug. 18. — On this date General Warren 
struck the Weldon railroad four miles below 
Petersburg ; leaving Griffin's division to hold 
the position, he moved with the divisions of 



114 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Ayres and Crawford a mile up the road and 
encountered the rebels in line of battle. His 
situation was critical, as his movements had 
left him, in a sense isolated, and the command 
of Ayres was assaulted by the rebels, who ap- 
proached by an unknown road on his left and 
drove the troops back for a time, when Ayres 
rallied his command and repulsed the attack- 
ing force. Warren intrenched his position on 
the railroad and, on the 19th, Lee attacked 
Warren with a large force. By some mishap a 
space between Warren and Burnside had been 
left open into which a rebel division under 
Mahone entered, striking Warren's left and 
gaining his rear. The rebels pushed on to 
Warren's left which was tlirown into confusion 
and 2,000 Union prisoners were captured. At 
an opportune moment Warren, wlu^ held his 
center firm, was reinforced by 2,000 men from 
the 9th Army Corps and he succeeded in forc- 
ing the rebels back into their lines. Every- 
thing was quiet on the 20th and Warren 
strengthened his position. On the morning of 
the 21st, Lee opened the action with a terrific 
fire from 30 massed guns, under cover of whicli 
a lieavy infantry forct- moved on Warren's 
front and, at the same time, an assault was 
made on his left. The attack on the center 
was repulsed and the result of the attempt to 
turn Warren's left flank was especially dis- 
astrous to the rebels who broke in confusion 
and in their flight left 500 prisoners behind. 
In the three days struggle tlie Union loss was 
212 killed, 1,155 wounded and 1,166 missing, 
in addition to the 2,000 prisoners taken on the 
19th. The confederate loss was 4,000 in killed 
wounded and missing. Generals Saunders and 
Lamar were killed and the Weldon railroad 
was destroyed for 12 miles soutli of the posi- 
tion held by Warren.— Kilpatrick's raid on the 
Macon railroad was begun on this date. Kil- 
patrick commenced operations in front of 



Atlanta and destroyed the road to West Point 
and advanced to Jonesboro, where he met the 
rebel cavalry under Ross and, after repulsing 
them, destroyed a portion of the road and, on 
the same day, he was attacked by a body of in- 
fantry and cavalry which stopped his opera- 
tions there and he went on to Lovejoy's Station 
and there defeated the rebels, capturing four 
guns and returned thence to Atlanta with a 
large number of prisoners. The Union loss in 
killed and wounded was 400. During this raid 
the localities where actions occurred are speci- 
fied as Fairburn, .lonesboro and Lovejoy's. 

Aug. 19. — At Snicker's Gap Pike, Va., Mos- 
by's guerrillas captured a detachment of tiie 
5th Michigan Cavalry, killing 30 and wound- 
ing three in tlie fight and afterwards putting 
the prisoners to death. — Company B, 83rd Illi- 
nois Mounted Infantry, in a skirmish with 
guerrillas at Pine Bluff, Tenn., lost eight killed. 
— At iVIartinsburg, Va., a company of the com- 
mand of Averill had an engagement with a 
portion of the command of Early. — About this 
date a company of the 115th Ohio Infantry 
received a rebel charge at Block House No. 4 
on the Nashville & Cliattanooga railroad in 
Tennessee. — At Red Oak, Ga., the cavalry of 
Kilpatrick engaged the rebels during the raid 
on the Macon railroad. 

Aug. 20. — In the same movement the action 
at Lovejoy's Station occurred on this date. — 
At Stewart's Landing on the Tennessee River 
an action occurred. 

Aug. 21. — Battle at Summit Point, Berry- 
ville and Flowing Springs, Va. Early, having 
been reinforced, determined to attack Sheridan, 
who was proceeding through Smitlifield tow- 
ards Charleston, and, on the 20tli, disposed his 
troops for a combined attack. On the 21st 
Sheridan's pickets on the Opequan were driven 
in and Early at once pressed against the 6th 
Corps and a sharp engagement ensued, the 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



115 



Union loss being 37 killed, 175 wounded ; the 
confederate loss aggregating 300 killed and 
wounded and 200 prisoners. — Forrest's cavalry 
dasli into Memphis. The city was guarded by 
Wisconsin and Illinois troops, principally com- 
posed of 100-day recruits. The invasion was 
made in the night wlien tlie men were asleep. 
As soon as possible the regiments were under 
arms. Forrest penetrated to the lieadquarters 
of General Washburn but was forced to retire. 
— In a skirmish at Oxford Hill, Miss., which 
continued at intervals through the 22nd the 
confederates lost 15 killed. — At Duval's Bluff, 
Ark., the 11th Missouri Cavalry had a slight 
skirmish. 

Aug. 22. — At Canton, Ky., and Rodgersville, 
Tenn., skirmishes occurred. 

Aug. 23. — Skirmish at Abbeyville, Miss., 
with a Union loss of 20 wounded and 15 rebels 
killed. — Surrender of Fort Morgan with the 
garrison under Colonel Page. 

Aug. 24. — Fight at Bermuda Hundred, in 
which the 10th Corps, Army of the James, en- 
gaged, with a loss of 31 wounded, the rebel 
lo.ss being 61 in killed, wounded and missing. 
— In a skirmish at Fort Smith, Ark., the Union 
loss was one killed and 13 wounded. — The 9th 
Iowa and 8tli and 11th Missouri Cavalry fought 
the rel)el cavalry at Jones' Hay Station and at 
Ashley Station, sustaining a loss of live killed 
and 41 v,'ounded, the aggregate confederate 
loss being 60 killed and wounded. — Action at 
Clinton, Miss. — At Halltown, Va., a portion of 
the 8th Corps of the Army of the Shenandoah 
took position after the fight at Summit Point. 

Aug. 25. — Battle at Ream's Station. The 
Federal troops under Hancock occupied in- 
trenchments at this point which were too weak 
to sustain an attack wliich was made upon 
them by a strong force under Hill, preceded 
by a rebel movement which had pushed the 
cavalry some distance to the left. Hancock's 



lorce repelled two assaults, when the rebels as- 
sumed another position and made an impetu- 
ous charge of the most disastrous character, 
seemingly, but the broken lines rallied and a 
series of encounters were maintained until 
night when Hancock withdrew and the rebel 
forces, having no idea of the real situation, also 
retired. The lo.ss to Hancock's force was 127 
killeu, 546 wounded and 1,769 missing; the 
confederate loss was 1,500 killed and wounded. 
— On tlie 25th, actions at Smithfield and Shep- 
herdstown, Va., in which the 1st and 3rd Cav- 
alry Divisions, Army of the Potomac engaged 
General Early, with his infantry and cavalry, 
excepting the command of Fitz Hugh Lee 
which had been sent to Williamsport, and also 
his artillery force, attacked Sheridan and were 
compelled to retreat after rough handling; the 
Lhiion loss was 20 killed and 61 wounded and 
that of the rebels was 400 in the aggregate. — 
At Conee Creek, Clinton, La., a cavalry action 
took place. — At Leestown, Va., and Sacramento 
Mountain, New Mexico, actions occurred. 

Aug. 26.— At Bull Bayou, Ark., the 3rd Wis- 
consni and 9th Kansas Cavalry, while on a 
scout, were engaged in a skirmisli. — At Hall- 
town, Va., Sheridan, with the 1st and 2nd Di- 
visions of the 8th Corps of the Army of West 
Virginia, took position in the best place for de- 
fense in the Shenandoah valley ; the move- 
ment occupied two days. 

Aug. 27. — At Owensboro, Ky., a slight skir- 
mish occurred in which a colored regiment 
was engaged. — On the 27th, the Federal and 
rebel troops met at Holly Springs, and in the 
several encounters on that day and the next, 
one Union soldier was killed and two wounded. 

Aug. 28. — At Fort Cottonwood, Nev., the 7th 
Iowa Cavalry had a fight with Indians. — In 
Howard county, Mo., Company E, 4th Missouri 
Cavalry State troops liad a skirmish. 

Aug. 29. — A part of tlie 6tli Corps, witli Tor- 



116 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



bert's Cavali-y, Sheridan's command, had afiglit 
with a detachment of Early's command at 
Smithfield, Va., and snstained a loss of 10 killed 
and 90 wounded ; 200 rebels were killed and 
wounded. — A colored regiment sustained an 
attack at GHient, Ky.— At Wormly's Ga, Vap.,a 
detachment of troops from the 9th Ohio Infan- 
try commanded by Captain Blazer, skirmished 
with a detachment of Early's troops. — At 
Arthur's Swamp, Va., the '2nd Cavalry Division 
of the Army of the Potomac engaged in a series 
of skirmishes extending throughout two days. 

Aug. 31. — A slight skirmish took place at La 
Grange, Tenn. — At Block House No. 5 on the 
Nashville and Chattanooga railway in Tennes- 
see, a detachment of Ohio troops were attacked 
by the rebels and lost three men ; the}' repulsed 
the assault and the rebels retired with a loss of 
25 wounded.— Beginning of tlie action at. lones- 
boro. A large proportion of the day was passed 
by General Logan, General Blair and General 
Ransom with their several corps in strengthen- 
ing and arranging their lines for battle, and the 
Army of the Tennessee was attacked by Hardy 
about the middle of the afternoon and Hardy 
retired, leaving more than 400 dead on the 
field ; he also lost a thousand men in wounded 
and 600 missing. The Union loss was 1,149 in 
killed and wounded. The battle continued the 
next day. Meanwhile, the Union forces of 
Sherman's command under Stanley, Schofield 
and Thomas, with a part of Davis' Corps, were 
engaged in the destruction of the railroad at 
several points. Sherman discovered the ad- 
vantage and ordered his three corps to move on 
Jonesboro. In the afternoon of Sejjtember 1st 
there was some skirmishing, and on the morn- 
ing of the 2nd, Hardee was in full I'etreat and { 
Sherman pursuing. 

Sept. 1. — Rousseau's pursuit of Wheeler. 
During the action related in which Sherman's 
tioops were engaged, Wheeler had been en- 



gaged in raiding Sherman's communications, 
but to small purpose. He had been held in 
check b}' the command of Colonel Laibold until 
the force of General Steedman had turned his 
course into East Tennessee and, on this date, 
Rousseau and Granger, uniting their com- 
mands with Steedman, started after him and,_ 
in the course of a week had driven him from 
Tennessee;' the respective losses of the Federal 
and rebel forces engaged were 40 killed and 
wounded and 300 killed, wounded and cap- 
tured. 

Sept. 2.— Soon after midnight following the 
battle of Jonesboro the booming sounds in the 
direction of Atlanta, which was 20 miles from 
the position of Sherman indicated that the rebels 
were taking decisive measures and in the course 
of the day the command of Slocum entered At- 
lanta to find that it had been evacuated. The 
fall of Atlanta was an irreparable loss to the 
South. It was the culmination of a long series 
of military movements and was the third of a 
series of Union triumphs, each of which formed 
a decided step forward in the Union cause and 
the general effect of the loss of Atlanta to the 
South and its gain to the Nortii was most whole- 
some. On the 7th of September, Sherman 
reached Atlanta with his entire army ; he liad 
lost 1,500 men during his pursuit of Hardee 
and had captured 3,000 prisoners and several 
batteries. The force of Slocum, on arrival at 
Atlanta, captured 200 rebels. — On this date, 
active skirmishing at Lovejoy's on the line of 
the Macon railroad commenced in which the 
4th and 23rd Corps were engaged. The losses 
were not heavy and the skirmishing continued 
until the 6th of the month. On his withdrawal 
from Atlanta, Hood moved to Lovejoy Station 
and was followed by the corps mentioned. — 
Skirmish at Franklin, Tenn., between Rousseau 
and Wheeler's guerrillas. — At Big Shanty, Ga., 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



117 



the 9th Ohio Cavalry, while changing position, 
were attacked on a railroad train. 

Sept. 3. — Early's retreat. On this date, 
Early started towards Berryville in his attempt 
to recross the Bhie Ridge and was pursued by 
the cavalry of the Army of the Potomac 
under Merritt and Wilson who engaged in a 
fight with Anderson. General Early hastened 
on the 4th to the assistance of Anderson, leav- 
ing Gordon at Winchester ; on the 4th a heavy 
action took place in which Torbert, who was 
returning from the left was engaged; the rebels 
wei-e compelled to withdraw and the entire 
command of Early crossed the Opequan. In 
these two fights the Union loss was 30 killed, 
182 wounded and 100 mi.ssing ; the rebel loss 
included 25 killed, 100 wounded and 70 miss- 
ing. —At Murfreesboro, Tenn., a regiment of 
colored troops defended a position. — At Triune, 
Tenn., a detachment from Rousseau's force en- 
gaged in a sliglit skirmish — Activities at Perry- 
ville, Tenn. — At Darkesville, Va., the 3rd Cav- 
alry Division of the Army of the Potomac en- 
gaged in a skirmish with Early's stragglers. 

Sept. 4. — Capture of .John Morgan at Green- 
ville Tenn. Tlie 18th and 9th Tennessee Cav- 
alry and lOth Michigan Cavalry were en- 
camped about 18 miles from Greenville and, on 
the night of September 3rd, were ordered to 
move to Greenville. Two miles from that 
place a force was deployed between the pickets 
and the town and were captured without a 
shot. Several thousand rebels were camping 
in the streets and were charged bj' a company 
from the 13th Tennessee and, on being aroused 
from sleep by 44 men, ran in every direction 
in general confusion. The Union men took a 
battery and afterwards one of the men, J. G. 
Birchfield, was informed that General Morgan 
was in the city. The soldier informed his cap- 
tain who, with his squad of 20 men, sur- 
rounded the building. Soon after, a man in 



his shirt sleeves ran across the yard and was 
immediately fired on and fell Tliis was Mor- 
gan. (This is a certified account of the capture 
and death of the guerrilla chief, Morgan). 

Sept. 5. — At Campbellsville, Tenn., Rous- 
seau's cavalry, in pursuit of Wheeler, engage 
in a skirmish. 

Sept. 6. — At Searcey, Ark., a detachment 
of the 9th Iowa Cavalry had an engage- 
ment with a loss of two killed and six 
wounded. — At Mattamoras, Va., a movement 
took place. 

Sept. 7. — At Readyville, Tenn., a slight af- 
fair in the course of Rousseau's pursuit of 
Wheeler took place, in which a detachmei;.t of 
the 9th Pennsylvania Cavalry participated. — 
At Dutch Gap, Va., and near Pine Bluff, Ark., 
actions took place. 

Sept. 10. — Fort Sedgwick, on the Jerusalem 
Plank Road, known in history as " Fort Hell," 
and one of the intrenchments in the triple line 
that surrounded Petersburg, was captured by 
the Union forces with a loss of 20 wounded 
and they captured 90 prisoners; the n9th 
Pennsylvania, 2nd U. S. Sharpshooters and 
20th Indiana Infantry were engaged. — A gun- 
boat action at Bonsecour Bay, La. 

Sept. 13.— At Locks Ford, Va., Torbert's 
cavalry charged the rebels and captured 181 
prisoners, sustaining a loss of two killed and 18 
wounded ; this was a cavalry action. 

Sept. 16. — At Sycamore Church, Va., the 
cavalry divisions of Gregg and Kautz en- 
gaged the rebel cavalry under Wade Hampton 
and lost 400 in killed, wounded and missing ; 
the aggregate rebel loss was 50 killed and 
wounded ; the 1st District of Columbia and 1st 
Pennsylvania Cavalry were engaged in the ac- 
tion. — On this date a fight was begun at Fort 
Gibson in the Indian Territory, in which a col- 
ored infantry regiment and the 2nd Kansas 
Cavalry were involved, the Unioia loss being 38 



US 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



killed and wounded and 48 missing ; the skir- 
mishing continued throughout tlie 16th, 17th 
and 18th. 

Sei't. 17. — A cavalry action at Faii'fax Sta- 
tion, in which the 13th and 16th New York 
Cavalry were engaged. — At Belcher's Mills, the 
cavalry force of Kautz and Gregg engaged in 
an action in which the}' lost 25 wounded. 

Sept. 18. — At Martinsburg, Va., the 2nd 
Division of Cavah-y in the Array of West 
Virginia, engaged in a cavalry action with the 
troops of Early, who had been sent to that 
place in force. — At Fort Cotton Wood, the 7th 
Iowa Cavalry engaged in a skirmish with tlie 
Indians. 

Sept. 19. — Battle of the Opequan, also known 
as Winchester and Fisher Hill, Ya. On this 
date the encounter of the forces of Sheridan 
and Early which had been imminent came to 
a focus. The respective armies were so posted 
that action could be precipitated by either, but 
the respective commanders were not disposed 
to attack the other in a position of his own 
choosing. A difference of opinion between 
Grant and Sheridan existed, the former de- 
siring to hold the latter in check, as defeat 
would leave Maryland and Pennsylvania 
open to invasion, but he yielded his judg- 
ment on examination of Sheridan's plans. 
The latter proposed to throw his forces on 
the rear of the rebel army but, on learning 
that Early sent a destroying force to Martins- 
burg, he changed his plans and made an 
attack on Early's troops left at Winchester. 
The fighting commenced on the morning of 
the 19th, Early having returned with his di- 
visions and the contest raged with great fury 
through the day, both sides being repeatedly 
driven from and regaining their position. The 
battle hung for some time in even scales. 
Sheridan finally made a furious charge which 
broke the rebel ranks and sent them flymg in 



confusion. The shattered lines entered Winches- 
ter at nightfall closely pursued. They continued 
their flight and halted at the intrenchments 
at Fisher's Hill. The loss to Sheridan's troops 
was 653 killed, 3,719 wounded and 618 mis- 
sing; 3,600 confederate prisoners were captured; 
in the hospitals at Winchester 2,000 wounded 
rebels were found, besides tliose which were 
withdrawn with the army and the dead from 
Early's command considerably exceeded the 
Union loss — At Cabin Creek, I. T., three regi- 
ments of Kansas Cavalry and two companies 
of Kansas Indian Home guards were attacked 
while escorting a train. 

Sept. 21.— At Front Royal Pike, ^'a., and 
Luray in the vally of the Shenandoah, the 3d 
Division, Cavalry Corps of the Army of the 
Potomac, the cavalry under General Wilson, 
charged the rebels on the Pike and drove them 
six miles up the valley. 

Sept. 22.— Battle of Fisher's Hill. On the 
morning of this date the Federal columns con- 
fronted Early who was flanked and attacked in 
the rear by General Crook. The united action 
was an entire surprise and the greatest con- 
sternation ensued, the rebels breaking find 
fleeing. The rout was complete and the vic- 
tory was achieved with little cost, the Union 
loss being 297 in killed and wounded ; the 
rebel loss was not much greater but they lost 
1,100 prisoners. 

Sept. 23. — In an action at Athens, Ala., 
three regiments of colored cavalry and a Tenn- 
essee cavalry- regiment engaged in a heavy 
skirmish and were reinforced by the 18th Mich- 
igan and 102nd Ohio Infantry. General For- 
rest frightened the garrison into surrender and 
950 soldiers were taken prisoners; the confed- 
erate loss was five killed and 25 wounded. — 
In a skirmish at Rockport, Mo., in which sev- 
eral companies of State Militia were engaged in 
skirmish, the Union loss was 10 killed, — Ac- 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



119 



tions of similar character took place at Black- 
water, and Bloomfield, Mo. 

Sept. 24. — The 1st Division, Cavalry Corps 
of Sheridan's force under Wilson and Merritt 
moved to Luray, skirmishing with Mosby's 
guerrellas and inflicting considerable loss. — At 
Fayette, Mo., the Missouri State trooj>s engaged 
in a skirmish and lost three killed and five 
wounded, the rebel loss numbering six killed 
and 30 wounded. — At Fredericktown, Mo., the 
State militia had a skirmish with guerrillas. — 
An unimportant affair took place at Surry C. H., 
Va.,^A cavalry scrimmage took place at Bull's 
Gap, Tenn. — Price's invasion of Missouri. The 
rebel raider entered Southwestern Missouri and 
his movements necessitated immediate opera- 
tions for the protection of St. Louis, which was 
the base of supplies for a huge army. On 
this date he was advancing Northward and 
throwing out his divisions in various directions, 
and the Missouri State cavalry with the cav- 
alry of A. J. Smith's command, the Kansas 
State troops and the cavalry of the Army 
of the Frontier under Blunt, were immedi- 
ately set in motion to check his progress. 

Sept. 25.— At Sulphur Branch Trestle, Ala., 
a colored regiment of infantry and the 9th 
Indiana Cavalry had a skirmish. — At .Johnson- 
ville, Tenn., and at Henderson, Ky., unimport- 
ant actions occurred. 

Sept. 26.— At Vache Grass, Ark., the 14th 
Kansas Cavalry sustained an attack from the 
rebels while guarding a train. — At Brown's 
Gap, Va., two cavalry divisions of the Army of 
the Potomac skirmished with the forces of 
Early retreating after the battle of Fisher's 
Hill. — At Richland, Tenn., a troop of colored 
infantry sustained a rebel attack. — At Pulaski, 
Term., Rousseau endeavored to have a fight 
with Forrest who declined the engagement and, 
on the following day, the Union general pushed 
on after him, 



Sept. 27.— The 2nd Division of Cavalry, 
Army of West Virginia, moved to Weyer's 
Cave, Va., in pursuit of Early. — At Rolla, Mo., 
Ewing made an effort to take a position to 
check the movements of Price.— At Cenlralia, 
Mo., the guerrillas under Price attacked a rail- 
road train on the Northern Missouri railroad 
and slaughtered three companies of the 39th 
Missouri Infantry under Major Johnson, killing 
122 men in cold blood, only two escaping death. 
— At Mariana, Fla., an action took jslace in 
which tlie 7th Vermont Infantry and 2nd 
Maine Cavalry, with a colored regiment, were 
engaged, sustaining a loss of 32 wounded ; the 
confederate loss being 81 missing. — At Carter's 
Station, Ark., a force of cavalry and mounted 
infantry under General Ammen engaged in a 
fight. — At Fort Rice, Dak., a detachment of the 
6th Iowa Cavalry engaged in escorting a 
United States train were attacked by Indians. 
— Fight at Pilot Knob, Mo. The garrison at 
Ironton, consisting of 100 men under Ewing, 
made an obstinate and successful stand against 
three times their number under Price. At 
night, the rebels had gained position and the 
surrender of the post would have been a neces- 
sity, but Ewing blew up his magazine, spiked 
his heavy guns and moved toward Rolla. 
During the action of the 27th Price lost 1,500 
in killed, wounded and missing, the Union loss 
being but 28 killed, 56 wounded and 100 miss- 
ing. 

Sept. 28.— Buttle of New Market Heights 
also called Chapin's Farm and Laurel Hill. 
Capture of Forts Harrison and Gilmore. Gen- 
erals Ord and Birney, with two corps of the 
Army of the James crosseil the river and 
made a fierce assault on the line of intrench- 
ments near Chapin's Bluff. Fort Harrison was 
captured and the rebels made a desperate at- 
tempt to retake it, as it was the main defense 
in that part of the confederate lines and occu- 



120 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



pied a commanding position. The attempt 
was unsuccessful and Butler thereby held a 
secure position from which to threaten Rich- 
mond and Lee was obliged to maintain a 
larger force on the James than before. An at- 
tempt to take Fort Gilmore proved abortive 
and the action of that day closed with a loss to 
the assaulting division of 594 killed and 
wounded. Meanwhile skirmishing was carried 
on, on the New Market Road and the actions 
between the armies continued throughout the 
29th. On the 30th another desperate attempt 
was made by the rebels to retake Fort Harri- 
son. The losses to the Union side were 394 
killed, 1,554 wounded and 324 missing; the 
rebel loss was about 2,000. — At Clarksville, Ark., 
the 3rd Wisconsin Cavalry engaged in a skir- 
mish. — Sheridan's troops engaged in a skirmish 
at Waynesboro, Va., with a squad from Early's 
command. — Attack on Fort Sedgwick and de- 
fense by the ord Division of the 9th Army 
Corps. 

Sept. 29.— A skirmish occurred at Center- 
ville, Tenn., in which the Union loss was 10 
killed and 25 wounded; a Tennessee cavalry _ 
regiment was engaged. — In a fight at Leesburg 
and Harrison, Mo., in which Price's command 
was engaged, two Union regiments and one 
battery was engaged. This action continued 
two days. 

Sept. 30. — Battle of Poplar Springs Church 
or Preble's Farm. General Warren, with four 
divisions, captured rebel fortifications on the 
farm which he held while General Parke ad- 
vanced to meet a furious rebel charge. A thou- 
sand Union prisoners were captured. Reinfore- 
ments checked the rebels and the fortifications 
were held by the Federal comnvind ; Parke's 
loss in killed and wounded aggregated 485, 
while the rebel loss was 900 in killed, wounded 
and missing. This action extended through Oc- 
tober 1st. (The confederate loss has never been 



fully ascertained. The attack was made by 
Hampton's cavalry). — At Arthur's Swamp, Va., 
a cavalry action under Gregg took place, result- 
ing in a loss of (JO wounded and 100 missing. — 
At Huntersville, Va., an action took place in 
which a detachment of Sheridan's cavalry was 
involved. 

Oct. 1. — Athens, and Huntsville, Ala. The 
78rd Indiana Infantry and detachments of the 
12th and 13th Indiana Cavalry engaged in activ- 
ities with General Buford in Northern Ala- 
bama. — At Franklin, Mo., the Missouri State 
troops engaged in a skirmish with Price's 
guerrillas.— Spear's cavalry brigade and Ter- 
ry's brigade made a reconnoissance on the 
Charles City Cross Roads ; these troops belonged 
to the Army of the James. — At Yellow Tavern 
on the Weldon railroad, the 3rd Division of the 
2nd Corps of the Army of the Potomac com- 
menced u movement in which they were en- 
gaged five days. — At Sweet Water, Moses and 
Powder Spring Creeks, Ga., the cavalry of the 
Army of the Cumberland commenced a move- 
ment which covered three days. 

Oct. 2. — A portion of cavalry detached from 
the commands of Custer and Merritt's cavalry. 
Army of the Potomac had a fight at Waynes- 
boro, Va., and suffered a loss of 50 killed and 
wounded. — At Saltville, Va., a heavy action 
occurred, in which 13 cavalry regiments and 
mounted infantry were engaged, in which the 
Union loss was 54 killed, 190 wounded and 104 
missing ; the rebel loss was IS killed, 71 
wounded and 21 missing. —At GladesviJIe, 
Pound Gap, Va., two Kentucky cavalry regi- 
ments engaged in a scrimmage. 

Oct. 5. — Near Memphis, Tenn., a company 
of the 7th Indiana Cavalry engaged in a skirm- 
ish. — Battle at Allatoona, Ga. At this point a 
million of rations were stored preparatorj^ to 
the operations of Sherman in the campaign 
which he proposed to open in the Spring. Hood 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



121 



attacked the position which was held by a gar- 
rison of 890 men under Colonel Tourtellotte. 
General Sherman, in anticipation of an attack, 
had arranged a system of signals and he ordered, 
through that method, the reinforcement of the 
post by General Corse and, on the night of the 
4th, Rowett's Brigade, with 165,000 rounds of 
ammunition, reached Allatoona in season. 
The garrison was increased to 1,900 men. 
Rowett repelled the first charge from the west- 
ern spur of the ridge and continued to repulse 
repeated assaults. Turtellotte delivered a fire 
from his position on the east which broke the 
rebel ranks and the assaulting force retired, 
after losing 231 killed, 500 wounded and 411 
missing; the Union loss was 142 killed, 352 
wounded and 212 missing. — In a skirmish at 
Jackson, La., the 23rd Wisconsin Infantry, 1st 
Texas and 1st Louisiana Cavalry and the' 2nd 
and 4th Massachusetts Battery engaged in an 
action in which they lost four killed and 10 
wounded. — At Fort Adams, La., the 2nd Wis- 
consin Cavalry with a regiment of colored cav- 
alry engaged in a skirmish while performing 
heavy scouting duty. — At Big Shanty and Ken- 
nesaw, the troops of Sherman moved into posi- 
tion. 

Oct. 6. — The 60th Illinois Infantry, with 
two regiments of Kansas Cavalry, engaged in 
a figlit at Florence, Ala. — At Prince's Place on 
the Osage River in Missouri, the State troops 
contested the progress of Price's guerrillas. — 
An action occurred at Woodville, Miss., and 
another at Clinton, La. 

Oct. 7. — At Darkeytown, Ya., a skirmish 
occurred and at Bahia, S. A., the rebel privateer 
Florida was captured by the steamer Wachusett, 
Captain Collins, and taken to Hampton Roads 
and sunk. 

Oct. 8. — The rear guard of Sheridan's foi-ce 
under Custer was subjected to the attacks of 
the stragglers from Early's force in the vicinity 



of New Market and was ordered by the chief to 
prepare to attack the rebel cavalry and whip 
them or get whipped. — Raid of McCook's cav- 
alry at Ilopkinsville, Ky. 

Oct. 9.— Battle of Tom's Brook. Torbert 
completed his preparation to move in pursuit 
of the rebel cavalry and, two hours after day- 
light had obeyed the command of Sheridan to 
the letter, giving the rebels entire satisfaction ; 
he routed and chased them 20 miles, captured 
11 guns and 330 prisoners and inflicted a loss 
of 100 in killed and wounded, his several 
divisions losing altogether nine killed and 67 
wounded. This was one of the most important 
victories in tliat campaign. 

Oct. 10. — Price's invasion of Missouri. On 
the 7th Price reached .lefferson City but did 
not dare to attack and moved to California and 
Booneville ; his progress was contested by Mis- 
souri regiments of cavalry under Sanborn who 
made an attack on the rear guard of Price at 
Yersailles, while Price was still moving west- 
ward. — At South Tunnel, Tenn., the rebels 
attacked a regiment of colored intantry. — At 
East Point, Miss., two infantry regiments sus- 
tain a loss of 16 killed and 20 wounded in a 
rebel attack. 

Oct. 11. — At Stony Creek Station, Va., the 
13th Pennsylvania Cavalry had a slight skir- 
mish. — At Narrows, Ga., the division of Gar- 
rard skirmished with the rebels. — At Fort 
Donelson, Tenn., an active skirmish took place, 
in whicli a battery of heavy artillery was en- 
gaged, tlie respective losses to the Federal and 
rebel troops being 13 and 26 in killed and 
wounded. — Slight actions at Harpeth Shoals, 
Tenn., and Fort Nelson, occurred on this date. 

Oct. 12. — At Greenville, Tenn., an action 
occurred. — A garrison stationed at Resaca, Ga., 
under Colonel Weaver was attacked by Hood's 
force and summoned to surrender, but the com- 
mandant sent hiui a spirited answer and was 



122 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



soon after reinforced and Hood moved a portion 
of liis command to Tilton and Dalton and 
captured a garrison at the latter place. At 
Tilton, the garrison was bravely defended and 
only surrendered when the defenses were torn 
to pieces. At Mill Creek Gap a similar trans- 
action occurred. (These two latter actions took 
place on the 13th but belonged to the same 
movement.) At Tilton, 400 prisoners were 
captured and at Mill Creek Gap, where the 
115th Illinois Infantry were on duty, five were 
killed, 36 wounded and the remainder captured. 

Oct. 13.— At Strasburg, Va., the cavalry 
forces under Emory and Crook made a I'econ- 
noissance in force and sustained a loss of 214 in 
killed, wounded and missing. — At Darbytown 
Road, Va., on the 7th of October, an action 
commenced on this highway, in which a cav- 
alry force under Kautz was attacked by two in- 
fantry brigades and a brigade of cavalry and 
lost 72 in killed and wounded and 202 missing. 
Kautz moved to the protection of the 10th 
Corps and was followed by the rebels who 
made an attack on the infantry command ; the 
movements continued until the 13th, when 
General Butler made a reconnoissance in force 
but without material results save that of find- 
ing the position of the rebels to be invincible. 
In the movements after the 7th, the loss was 
105 killed and 502 wounded.— At Piedmont, 
Va., a rebel cavalry squad awaited the arrival 
of a portion of Sheridan's command under 
General Wright. — At Poolesville, Md., a slight 
action occurred. 

Oct. 15. — Price's invasion of Missouri. In a 
fight of seven hours at Glasgow, Mo., Price cap- 
tured the place and a number of prisoners be- 
longing to Missouri regiments and a detach- 
ment of the 17th Illinois Cavalry ; the Union 
loss was 400 in killed, wounded and missing 
and the rebel loss was 50 in killed and wounded. 
— At Bayou Biddell, La., an action took place 



in which a colored regiment was engaged. — 
At Snake Creek Gap, Ga., a part of the Array 
of the Tennessee followed the rebels to this 
point, which was blockaded by the confederates 
but the obstructions were removed by Howard's 
troops while Stanley crossed tlie bridge north 
of the Gap. — At Sedalia, Mo., two regiments of 
Missouri cavalry contested the advance of 
Price's invaders. — At Mossy Creek, Tenn., a 
slight action occurred. 

Oct. 16. — The army of the Tennessee drove 
the rebels from Ship's Gap, Taylor's Ridge, Ga., 
and captured a few prisoners. 

Oct. 17. — At Cedar Run Church, \'a., a de- 
tachment of the first Connecticut Cavalry, in- 
cluding three officers and 20 men, were attacked 
by Rosser and the whole confederate army 
under Early moved out to protect Rosser who 
had been led to believe by his scouts that Cus- 
ter's brigade occupied the position. 

Oct. is. — At Peirce's Point, Blackwater, Fla., 
the 19th Iowa and 2nd Maine Infantr}', with 
the 1st Florida Cavahy, had an engagement 
with the rebels. 

Oct. 19.— Sheridan's Ride. The batttle of 
Cedar Creek opened while Sheridan was at 
Washington under special orders ; his com- 
mand was in position on Cedar Creek. Early 
had determined upon a surprise and at 1 o'clock 
on this date moved forward, the command 
stripped of everything which could make a 
clatter. In accordance with the plans for the 
combined action of the infantry and. cavalry, 
the attack was made on Torbert's division, the 
advance of the confederate cavalry being aided 
by the thick fog and before the Union troops 
were fairly awake an infantry division under 
Kershaw which had crept over a hill, covered 
every part of the lortiKcations. Kershaw's 
troops took seven loaded guns and turned them 
on the Union force which had turned to retreat 
in confusion. Emory, Crook and Wright, with 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



123 



their divisions of cavalry, advanced to the pike 
and made every effort to arrest the movement 
of the Union troops but did so in vain, and the 
confusion and terror of the flying infantry 
spread dismay through the cavaU-y and the en- 
tire force broke and tlie command of Early 
moved to the camping ground of Sheridan. 
Sheridan was returning and reached Winches- 
ter about seven o'clock in the morning where 
he heard the guns from the conflict. He rode 
hurriedly forward to Mill Greek where he met 
the troops and trains from the broken lines. 
(On this incident the immortal poem of Read is 
founded ; at this writing it is uppermost in the 
minds of the American people, the cavalry chief 
having been within a few days laid to rest at 
Arlington, Augu.st 21, 1888). Sheridan rallied 
the fugitives under orders and a promise to go 
back "and lick them out of their boots." The 
invincible spirit of the great cavalry commander 
inspired the infantry of his command and the 
reorganized force turned to obey and to witness 
the fulfillment of his promise. The whole Un- 
ion line responded to Sheridan's order to ad- 
vance after the retreat of Early began, and the 
confederates broke in confusion and became a 
confusetl mass of iugitives, losing many prison- 
ers. At Cedar Creek, the infantry were checked 
but the cavalry continued the pursuit and, 
when a bridge broke down, the way was at once 
blocked witli the impedimenta of artillery and 
trains which were collected by the troops under 
Custer and Deven ; 24 rebel guns were taken 
and the Union batteries recaptured with all 
ambulances and 56 belonging to the rebel com- 
mand, the spoils including a number of battle 
flags. Early succeeded in retaining 1,420 pris- 
oners captured in the morning who were sent 
to the rear and immediately dispatched to Rich- 
mond. The Union loss was 569 killed, 3,425 
wounded and 1,070 missing, inckiding the 
number stated as captured. Tlie rebel loss was 



much greater and Early's ai'my was no longer 
a power in the valley of the Shenandoah.— At 
Lexington, Mo., Price attacked Curtiss in com- 
of the 3rd Wisconsin Cavalry with the 5th, 11th, 
15th and 16th Kansas Cavalry.— Confederate 
activities at Middletown, Va., and at Middle- 
ton, Md. — At Strasburg, Va., the cavalry under 
Crook made a reconnoissanoe. 

Oct. 20. — At Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, a 
detachment of troops belonging to the com- 
mand of General Blunt of the Army of the 
Frontier commenced a series of movements 
which occujjied six days and in which detach- 
ments of Indians and Texas Cavalry were dis- 
persed. — At Little River, Tenn., the cavalry 
and a part of the infantry of the 15th Corps of 
Logan moved to a position prejjaratory to a re- 
organized campaign. 

Oct. 21. — Price's invasion of Missouri : Battles 
of Little Blue and Independence, Ma. General 
Curtiss was pursued from Lexington to Inde- 
pendence and fell upon General Blunt's Kansas 
division in force and drove the Federal troops 
to the Big Blue River; Pleasanton drove Price's 
rear guard to Independence on the 22nd and 
made a charge at nightfall which was success- 
ful. He sent a force under McNeal to Santa 
Fe to head off Price's guerrillas and, on the 
morning of the 23rd a general engagement 
was fought on the Big Blue by Pleasanton and 
Marmaduke and Fagan, the latter being rein- 
forced by Shelby and the rebels were driven. — 
At Ilarrodsburg, Ky., a regiment of colored 
cavaliy sustained an assault. 

Oct. 22. — At White River, Ark., a regiment 
of colored troops were attacked. The rebel 
gunljoats attacked the Union batteries on the 
James River in \'irginia and the assault was 
repulsed with a loss of 11 rebels. — 40 rebels 
raided St. Albans, Vt., murdering several citi- 
zens and taking $200,000 from the banks. 

Oct. 23. — In a skirmish at Hurricane Creek, 



124 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Miss., the Union loss was one killed and two 
wounded; the 1st Iowa and 9th Kansas Cavalry 
were engaged. — At Westport, Mo., a skirmish 
took place hetween Pleasanton's cavalrj' and a 
force under Marnaaduke. — At Princeton, Ark., 
a Missouri cavalry regiment was engaged in a 
skirmish. 

Oct. 24. — AtColdwater Grove, on the Osage 
River, the Kansas Cavalry of Blunt's com- 
mand skirmished witli the troops of Price. 

Oct. 25. — At Mine Creek on the Osage 
River, in the pursuit of Price, the rear guard 
of the rebels under Marmaduke were routed 
and the rebel commanders, Marmaduke and 
Cabell, were captured. — At Fort Scott a scout- 
ing expedition had an engagement with a 
party of rebels attacking a train. 

Oct. 26. — Battle of Decatur, Ala. After 
Hood's evacuation of Atlanta his movements 
were of a character calculated to perplex Sher- 
man and the Army of the Cumberland under 
Thomas was detached to look after his move- 
ments. The rebels moved to tlie Tennessee 
River and made an attempt to cross at Decatur, 
Ala.; in the afternoon Hood attacked the garri- 
son which was commanded by Colonel Doolit- 
tle, whose forces included his own regiment, 
the ISth Michigan, 102nd Ohio, and 68th Indi- 
ana Infantry, and a regiment of colored troops. 
Colonel Doolittle repulsed the charge and, 
when reinforcements arrived, a sortie was 
made from the garrison under the protection of 
the guns of the fort and the rebels were dis- 
lodged with considerable loss. The casualities 
in the Union force were 10 killed, 45 wounded 
and 100 missing, and the confederate loss ag- 
gregated 400 killed and wounded. — At Milton, 
Fla., the 19th Iowa Infantry and the 2ud 
Maine Cavalry engaged in a skirmish. — Ac- 
tions at Stone Mountain, Ga., and Wintield, 
La. 

Oct. 27.— Battle of Hatcher's Run. The 



fight commenced by a charge on the confeder- 
ate force by the 9th Corps under General 
Parks, the entire Army of the Potomac being 
on the alert for the action. The confederates 
were overborne and were driven from the field, 
leaving behind them nearly a thousand pris- 
oners. The Union loss was 156 killed and 
1,047 wounded, while that of the rebels in- 
cluded an aggregate of 800. — Battle of Fair 
Oaks. In support of the movement at Hatch- 
er's Run, General Butler had been instructed 
to make a demonstration on the north side of 
the James. The rebel skirmishers were pushed 
back and the fortifications were repeatedly as- 
saulted until nightfall to no purpose. General 
Weitzel moved across through White Oak 
Swamp to the Williamsburg Road near Seven 
Pines, within seven miles of Richmond, where 
the rebels were found in force and strongly in- 
trenched. The Union charge was repulsed 
with a bloody loss. On the 28th General 
Grant ordered a flank movement to the rebel 
right, to be followed by a movement north to 
obtain possession of the South Side railroad. 
The object of this attack on the intrench men ts 
was to hold the attention of the rebels to in- 
sure the purpose of the flank movement re- 
ferred to. In this battle, which is known as 
Fair Oaks, 120 Union soldiers were killed, 783 
wounded and 400 were missing ; the confeder- 
ate loss was 60 killed, 311 wounded and 80 
missing. The entire maneuvre was a failure. 
Oct. 28. — An action took place at Fort Hei- 
man, Tenn., on the river in which the Union 
gunboats participated. Forrest attacked the 
Undine, captured and burned her. — At Fay- 
etteville. Ark., the 1st Arkansas Cavalry sus- 
tained a raid from rebel cavalry. — Destruction 
ol the ram Albemarle. Lieutenant Gushing, 
who had perfected a plan for the destruction 
of the ram, moved to carry it out on the night 
of October 27th, taking with him a picked 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



125 



crew of 13 men, and he planted a torpedo un- 
der fire from the enem}''s infantry on tlie shore. 
When the torpedo exploded, his own boat was 
in the immediate vicinity and Gushing and one 
companion were the only persons who escaped; 
all others of the party being shot or captured; 
he received a bullet in his wrist. The explo- 
sion sunk the Albemarle and secured the re- 
capture of the Plymouth, which was surren- 
dered to the naval squadron the next day ; 
among the results was the acquisition of the 
command of the North Carolina sounds and 
the release of a fleet of 16 vessels which had 
been watching the Albemarle. — At Morristown, 
Tenn., Gillem's cavalry was attacked by a force 
under the confederate Colonel Vaughn, which 
resulted in a loss of eight killed and 42 
wounded to the Union force, the confederate 
loss being 240 missing. — At Newtonia, Mo., the 
cavalry of Colonel Blunt in pursuit of Price, 
skirmished through two days and inflicted a 
loss of 250. 

Oct. 29.— At Beverly, West Virginia, the 8th 
Ohio Cavalry engaged in an action in which 
they inflicted a loss of 17 killed and 27 
wounded and 92 missing, and themselves sus- 
tained a loss of eight killed, 25 wounded and 
13 missing. 

Oct. 30. — At Brownsville, Ark., the 7th Iowa 
and 11th Missouri Cavalry engaged in action 
with slight loss. — At Muscle Shoals, Ala., a 
cavalry division of the Army of the Cumber- 
land, (command of Thomas), engaged in a 
skirmish with a detachment of Hood's com- 
mand. — At Ladija, Terrapin Creek, Ala., a 
cavalry force under Garrard engaged in an 
action. 

Oct. 31. — At Plymouth, N. C, the steamers 
Commodore Hill, Shamrock, Otsego, Wyalus- 
ing, and Tacony, withdrew from surveillance 
of that part of the North Carolina coast. 

Nov. 1. — The 10th Missouri Cavalry en- 



gaged in a skirmish at Union Station, Tenn., 
sustaining slight loss; the series of actions in- 
cluded four days. — At Black River, La., a bat- 
ter}' of lieavy . artillery (colored troops) en- 
gaged in an action. 

No\'. 3. — At Vera Cruz, Ark., one company 
of the 46th Missouri Infantry engaged in an 
action. 

Nov. 5. — In a fight at Fort Sedgwick, in 
which the 2nd Corps engaged, the LTnion loss 
was 15 in killed and wounded and the con- 
federate loss was 50. — On the 4th, a detach- 
ment of Hood's army attacked .Johnsonville, 
Tenn., which was an important base of sup- 
plies ; the place was defended by the 11th 
Tennessee Cavalry, the 43rd Wisconsin Infan- 
try and a regiment of colored troops ; theUnion 
loss was slight and the rebels were repulsed 
the attack lasting two days. — At Big Pigeon 
River, Tenn., a raid was made by a North Car- 
lina regiment of mounted infantry. 

Nov. 9. — Atlanta, Ga. The 2nd Division 
of the 20th Corps of the Army of the Cumber- 
land engaged in a skirmish at this point and 
inflicted a loss on the confederates of 20 killed 
and wounded ; a detachment moved to Ma- 
rietta. — At Shoal Creek, Ala., the 5th Division 
of Cavalry, Army of the Cumberland, engaged 
in a fight with Hood's troops. 

Nov. 10. — The same force are engaged at 
Pine Barren Ridge. 

Nov. 12. — At Newton and Cedar Springs, 
Va., Merritt's, Custer's and Powell's cavalry 
had a brush with the enemy in which they 
lost 84 wounded and 100 missing; the rebel 
loss being 150 ; in this action Rosser, with his 
command was driven across Cedar Creek and 
on the 13th, Early with his command had moved 
away to Middleton. — At Front Royal, Va., 
Powell routed and drove a rebel brigade under 
McCausland. — Activities at Ninevah, Va. 

Nov. 13. — At Morristown, E. Tenn., General 



126 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Gillem was attacked by a force of 300 under 
Breckenridge and his command dispersed ; tliis 
disaster was the result of the separation of 
Gillem from Thomas' command. — At Pan- 
tlier Springs, Tenn., an action took place. — At 
Bull's Gap, Tenn., the 8tli, Utli, and 13th Ten- 
nessee Cavalry engaged in a skirmish in which 
tlie rebel and Union loss was respectively 36 
wounded and five killed. 

Nov. 14. — The 15th Corps under Howard 
commenced a movement to the crossing of the 
Ockmulgee and pursued the movement three 
days engaging in Ijuilding pontoon bridges. 
This was tiie real start of Sherman's march to 
the sea. — At Cow Creek, Ark., a series of skir- 
mishes commenced on this date in which col- 
ored troops and Union Indians engaged, cov- 
ering a period of 14 days. 

Nov. 15. — At Clinton, La., Liberty Creek, the 
expedition under General Lee commenced op- 
erations. 

Nov. 16. — At Lovejoy Station and Bear Sta- 
tion, Tenn., Kilpatrick, with a cavahy force, 
drove the rebel skirmishers and on arrival at 
the station dismounted his men and carried 
the works on foot and captured 50 prisoners. — 
At Cotton Hills, West Virginia, a slight action 
occurred. 

Nov. 17.— Tiie 209th Pennsylvania Infantry 
engaged in a skirmisli at Bermuda Hundred 
with a loss of 10 wounded and 120 missing, 
and a confederate loss of 10 wounded. — At Ab- 
erdeen and Battle Creek, Ala., tlie 2nd Iowa 
Cavalry had a skirmish. — Tiie 15th Corps un- 
der Howard marched through McDonough, 
Ga. — Movements in the vicinity of Covington, 
Ga. 

Nov. 18. — At Myerstown, Va., a detachment 
of the 91st Ohio Infantry lost 60 killed and 
wounded in a skirmish and the rebels lost 10 
killed and wounded. — At Rutledge and Social 
Circle, Ga., activities of the Union cavalry and 



infantry connected with the commands of 
Thomas and Kilpatrick. 

Nov. 19. — At Bayou La Fouche, La., the 
11th Wisconsin Infantry with a regiment of 
colored troops, wiiile on an expedition, engaged 
in a skirmish. — At Walnut Creek, N. C, a 
slight skirmish took place. 

Nov. 20 — At Macon, Ga., three regiments of 
cavalry under Kilpatrick made a feint on Ma- 
con, destroying a train of cars and tearing up 
the railroad track ; this movement was made 
to divert the attention of the rebels from How- 
ard. — The 14th Corps of Sherman's command 
moved to Milledgeville, Ga. — At Greensboro, 
Ga., a rebel movement occurred. — At Brook- 
vilie, Ga., activities occurred. 

Nov. 21. — At Liberty and Jackson, La., the 
4th Wisconsin Cavalry and the 1st Wisconsin 
Battery engaged in an expedition with marked 
success. 

Nov. 22. — The rebel militia under Cobb 
moved from Macon, to Griswoldsville, and at- 
tacked Walcott's infantry brigade and a por- 
tion of Kilpatrick's cavalry and encountered 
severe punishment, losing 2,000 troops ; the 
Union loss was 62 killed and wounded ; Wood's 
division of infantry (Union) were engaged. — 
At Rood's Hill, Va., Torbert's cavalry engaged 
in a skirmish with a loss of 18 killed and 52 
wounded. — Hatch's cavalry, belonging to the 
command of Thomas, raided Lawrenceburg, 
Campbellville and Lynnville in East Tennes- 
see, and lost 75 in killed and wounded, the 
rebels losing 50 in killed and wounded. — At 
Rolling Fork, Miss., a colored cavalry regiment 
engaged with the rebels. — At C^linton, Ga., the 
15th Corps of Sherman's command under How- 
ard advanced toward Gordon. 

Nov. 24. — Sherman commenced to move 
from Milledgeville, Ga. — Schofield continued 
his movement on a parallel line with Hood in 
the vicinity of Columbia and Duck River and 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



127 



meanwhile, the skirmish between Capron's 
brigade and Foi'rest's cavalry was in operation 
at Columbia; the Union line of battle was 
formed near Bigby Creek and the movements 
refei'red to continued in East Tennessee until 
the 28th ; at times, skirmishing took place and 
the garrison at Johnsonville received orders to 
go to Clarksville with the supplies wliich were 
stationed there ; all ell'orts to bring Forrest to 
action were futile. — On this date the 1st Ala- 
bama Cavalry led the advance of the Army of 
the Tennessee across the ( )conee River at Ball's 
Ferry. — Activities at Jackson, Miss. 

Nov. 25. — At Pawnee Forks, Kansas, a com- 
pany of the 1st Colorado Cavalry had a skir- 
mish with the Indians, while escorting a train. 
— At St. Vrain's Old Fort, a cavalry company 
defended the movements of a train. — Attempt 
to fire the city of New York. 

Nov. 26. — At Sandersville, Ga., the con- 
federates opposed the passage of Howard's 
corps across the Oconee and inflicted a loss 
which included 100 missing, the casualities 
in the confederate command being the same. — 
At Sylvan Grove, Waynsboro and Brown's 
Cross Roads the command of Kilpatrick con- 
tinued the movements inaugurated and oper- 
ated on a plan to deceive the rebels as to Sher- 
man's movements. On the night of tlie 26th 
Kilpatrick's command was attacked at Sylvan 
Grove and made a stout resistance. It had 
been a part of his plan to relieve the prisoners 
at Milan but they had been removed. He lost 
in the movement 46 wounded, the confederate 
loss being 600 killed and wounded. — At Decatur, 
Ala., Granger commenced the withdrawal of 
his garrison and also from Athens and Hunts- 
ville and his movement continued until the 
29th. — At, Madison Station, Ga., a regiment of 
colored troops engaged in a skirmish. 

Nov. 27. — At Big Black River Bridge, on 
the Mississippi Central railroad, a cavalry and 



artillery command under Colonel Osband en- 
gaged in a skirmish. 

Nov. 29.— At Spring Hill, Tenn., the 4th 
Corps and cavalry take position preparatory to 
the battle of Franklin. — Cavalry skirmish at 
Big Sandy, Col. 

Nov. 30.— Battle of Franklin. The artillery 
attached to Wagner's brigades opened the battle 
of Franklin which was followed by infantry tire 
from the same command. This action was dis- 
astrous and precipitated the action of the rest of 
the army. Two colonels. White and Opdycke, 
on seemg the rout of Wagner's forces, made 
headlong charges which had excellent effect 
and after tliat the charges of the rebels were 
repeatedly repulsed. The fighting began late 
in the afternoon and continued until late in the 
night. The Union loss was 189 killed, 1,033 
wounded and 1,104 missing. The rebels were 
ordered forward with the recklessness which 
characterized his entire movement after sup- 
planting Johnston and his loss in killed and 
wounded was much greater, 1,750 being killed, 
3,800 wounded and 702 missing. The greater 
part of the missing was from Wagner's brigade. 
The confederate loss of officers was great ; that 
of the Union force was hardly large enough to 
mention, only two officers being wounded. — At 
Grahamsville or Honey Hill, S. C, General 
Hatch moved for action, anticipating that the 
operation would be useful to the plans of Sher- 
man. He landed at Boyd's Neck and attempted 
to fulfill his purpose but the rebels defeated his 
object by strategy and he unexpectedly met 
their forces and was forced back to his intrench- 
ments at Boyd's Neck. The Union loss was 65 
killed and 645 wounded ; the confederates re- 
ported their loss as less than 50.— At Bermuda 
Hundred, Va., the pickets belonging to a col- 
ored regiment repeatedly sustained the assaults 
of rebels. 

Dec. 1. — Skirmishing and fighting in front 



128 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



of Nashville commenced on this date and con- 
tinued until the 14th, prior to the general en- 
gagement. The army of Schofield, that of A. J. 
Smith, tlie troops of Steedman, Granger, Milroy 
and others were ordered to Nashville or Mur- 
freesboro and, during the time mentioned, 
affairs advanced to a condition which left the 
Federal forces in advantageous position for the 
battle of Nashville. — Gregg's cavalry attacked 
Stony Creek Station on the Weldon railroad 
and captured 175 prisoners; the cavalry suffer 
a loss of 40 wounded. — At Yazoo City, Miss., a 
skirmish took place in which a detachment of 
the 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry was engaged under 
Lieutenant Colonel Dale, who fought a large 
body of rebels with 250 men, 25 of the Wiscon- 
sin soldiers were missing, five were killed and 
nine wounded. — Skirmish at Tangipaho, La. 

Dec. 2. — At Rocky Creek Ciuirch, Ga., the 
3rd Kentucky and 5th Ohio Cavalry moved in 
the advance of Sherman. — At Buckhead Creek 
the position was held by the two regiments 
previously mentioned while Kilpatrick's com- 
mand cros.sed and the bridge was afterwards 
burned. Kilpatrick attacked Wheeler on this 
date and drove him and Kilpatrick succeeded 
in delivering to Wheeler a satisfactory " return 
blow."— Block House No. 2 at Mill Creek, Chat- 
tanooga. The Union garrison was attacked by 
rebels and sustained a loss of 12 killed, 46 
wounded and 57 missing ; the action continued 
two days. 

Dec. 3. — At Thomas Station on the Savan- 
nah Road, the 22nd Illinois Mounted Infantry 
sustained a loss of three in a skirmish. — Sher- 
man reached Milan and cut railroad communi- 
cations between Savannah and Augusta. — Kil- 
patrick drove Wheeler across Briar Creek. — 
Movements of the rebels and Federal troops at 
Charlestown and in the vicinity of Waynesboro, 
Va. 

Dec. 4. — At Block House No. 7, the garrison 



under General Milroy was attacked by rebels, 
the loss to both sides being about 100 in killed 
and wounded. — The 25th Ohio Infantry, while 
endeavoring to hold a position on the Coosaw 
River, S. G, engaged in a skirmish. — At States- 
boro, Ga., a loraging party detailed from the 
15th Corps become involved in a skirmish. — 
Overall's Creek; movement of Sheridan's troops. 

Dec. 5. — Forrest attacked MurfreesVwro which 
was defended by Milroy's troops and was de- 
feated and compelled to retire with heavy loss, 
his infantry alone losing 213 ; 207 prisoners 
were captured while the Union loss was 30 
killed and 175 wounded. The actions covered 
three days. 

Dec. 6.— At White Post, Va., in a rebel 
assault on 50 of the 21st New York Cavalry, 30 
are wounded. — At Deveaux's Neck, S. C, a 
tight occurred in which ten regiments of infan- 
try, a battery and several United States gun- 
boats were involved, in which the Union loss 
was 39 killed, 390 wounded and 200 missing ; 
the confederate loss being 400 killed and 
wounded ; the fight continued tliree days. 

Dec. 7. — At Ebenezer Creek, Cj'press Swamp 
and at Eden Station on the Ogeeche River, the 
troops connected with Sherman's army, ad- 
vanced in their march to the sea ; in the former 
the 9th Michigan and 9th Ohio Cavalry tormed 
the rear guard of the left wing, and took up 
pontoon bridges to prevent refugees following, 
and in the latter the troops referred to were the 
15th and 17th Corps of the right wing of the 
command. — At Sister's Ferry, Ga., (Savannah 
River) the rebels prepai-ed to oppose the pro- 
gress of Sherman's array. — Milroy fought For- 
rest and Bates, driving them and capturing 
200 prisoners ; the Union loss was 200 killed 
and wounded. — Warren started to destroy the 
Weldon railroad at a point which should sever 
railroad communication between Wilmington 
and Savannah. The movement occupied six 




GEJvft cT0HJN'. A.. a0CiA.]Nf. 

BOKN rcBRuAHV 9'." 1626. O'tD DCCEMBCH 26-" lS»6 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



129 



days and 20 miles of road was destroyed, when 
tlie rebels were encountered in force and the ex- 
pedition returned, having marched a hundred 
miles in six days; the 2nd division of the Cav- 
alry Corps of the Army of the Potomac and the 
5th Corps and 3rd Division of tiie 2nd Corps of 
the Army of the Potomac were engaged. 

Dec. 6. — At Hatcher's Run, three cavalry 
regiments and a division of the 3i'd Corps en- 
gaged in a series of actions which occupied two 
days and the Union loss was 125 killed and 
wounded. The raid of Custer and Merritt to 
Gordonville commenced ; the movement occu- 
pied 20 days and 43 men belonging to their 
respective commands were wounded. 

Dec. 8. — Action at Nottaway, Va. 

Dec. 9. — An expedition went into Western 
North Carolina in pursuit of rebels in which the 
3rd North Carolina Infantry was occupied five 
days. — At Fort Lyons in Indian Terr., an en- 
gagement occured in which a colored cavalry 
regiment was engaged and 500 Indians were 
massacred. — -The 14th Corps of tlie left wing of 
the Army of the Military Division of the Mis- 
sissippi engaged in an action at Cuyler's Planta- 
tion, Montieth Swamp, Ga. — In an expedition 
to Hamilton, N. C, the 27th Massachusetts and 
9th New .lersey Infantry, 3rd Cavalry and 3rd 
New York Battery engaged in a skirmish ; this 
action was connected with the expedition pre- 
viously mentioned and included a skirmish at 
Foster's Bridge and Butler's Bridge in Jackson 
county, N. C. — During the expedition of Warren 
on the Weldon railroad cavalry skirmishes 
occurred at Bellefield and Hicksford, Ya. — 
Movements in the vicinity of B'lorence, Ala. 

Dec. 10. — At Bloomingdale, N. C, a rebel 
movement took place. 

Dec. 12. — At Elkton, Ky., a movement was 
made by the cavalry commanded by General 
E. M. McCook. 

Dec. 13. — Fort McAlister. The investment 



of Savannah River to the Ogeeche was com- 
pleted on the Pith and on this date an at- 
tack was made on Fort McAlister. The attack- 
ing column was formed of a portion of How- 
ard's troops under General Hazen and, within 
15 minutes after the first charge, the stars and 
stripes supplanted the confederate flag ; the 
Union lo.ss was 24 killed and 110 wounded, the 
rebel loss being 84 killed and wounded. The 
Great Ogeeche River was placed under control 
of Sherman and the sea was practically reached, 
the rear of the riglit of Sherman's command 
obtaining a base on the sea. 

Dec. 14. — At Bristol, Tenn., a detachment of 
cavalry under General Burbridge (Stoneman's 
raid) engaged in the destruction of the Virginia 
and Tennessee railroads. — At Memphis, Tenn., 
the 4th Iowa Cavalry was attacked by rebels 
and lost three killed and six wounded. — At 
Mount Airy, Ky., an action occurred. 

Dec. 15. — The battle of Nashville, com- 
menced in the early morning and the attack 
of Steedman on Hood's right was made with 
great vigor. At nightfall the victory was 
clearly with the Union army and appearances 
seemed to indicate that Hood would retreat. 
The action continued through the 16th and, 
before the close of the afternoon, the entire 
rebel army was in precipitate flight ; at night- 
fall the victory was complete and orders were 
issued for immediate pursuit. Hood's army 
was routed completely, his wagons being aban- 
doned and his soldiers flinging aside every- 
thing that could possibly impede their move- 
ments, while the confused mass of fugitives fled 
in wild disorder through Brentwood Pass. The 
4tli Corps was close in pursuit and followed 
until darkness concealed the retreating rebels. 
The dead and wounded of the confederate army 
were left on the field and in the morning the 
pursuit was continued. Four miles north of 
Franklin the rear of the flying column was 



, 130 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



overtaken by Wilson and the force was dis- 
persed and more than 400 prisoners captured. 
A cavalry force had arrived there and Hood 
was obliged to abandon Franklin, leaving 2,000 
of his wounded in the hospital. The disorgan- 
ized remnant of his command crossed the Ten- 
nessee December 27th, falling back to Tupelo, 
Miss., where Hood resigned his command and 
was never again a power in the rebel army. 
The Union loss was 400 killed and 1,740 
wounded ; the rebel loss was very heavy in 
killed, wounded and missing, 8,000 prisoners 
had been taken, 53 siege guns and thousands 
of small arms had been seized by tlie forces of 
Thomas and a rebel force about 40,000 strong, 
had been killed, captured or routed in confu- 
sion and dismay. 

Dec. 15. — At Murfreesboro, Tenn., Jackson's 
division, belonging to Rousseau's command, cap- 
tured a railway train going thither from Stev- 
enson, Ala. — Movements at Pascagoula, Miss. 

Dec. 16. — At Hopkinsville, K)'., two brig- 
ades from McCook's division of cavaliy en- 
gaged in a movement. — At Overton's Mills, 
Tenn., a portion of the battle of Nashville took 
place, alreaily referred to as Brentford. — Rebel 
activity at Pollard, Ky. 

Dec. 17. — At Mitchell's Creek, Fla., a col- 
ored regiment had a fight and another colored 
regiment engaged in an action at Pine Barren 
Creek, Ala., their united loss in killed, wounded 
and missing being about 75. — At Millwood, 
Ya., the 14th Pennsylvania Cavalry, while on 
a scouting expedition, engaged in a skirmish. 
— Thomas followed the tlying rebels through 
the Brentwood Hills to the Franklin Pike ; 
Wilson overtook the rear guard at Hollow Tree 
Gap witli the 5th and 7th Cavalry Divisions ; 
the former force was the 6tli Cavalry division 
of the same army. — At Ashbysburg, Ky., Mc- 
Cook's cavalry skirmished with the rebels. 

Dec. 18. — Action at Franklin Creek, Miss. 



Dec. 19. — At Rutherford Creek, Teim., a 
pontoon bridge was laid, the operation giving 
the rebels a con.siderable advantage. — Move- 
ment at Duck River. — At Hardeesviile, S. C, 
General Foster protected his position. 

Dec. 20. — At Lacey's Springs, Custer's cav- 
alr} engaged in a skirmish and lost two killed, 
22 wounded and 40 missing. — At Madison C. H., 
Va., a brigade of Michigan cavalry belonging 
to the Army of the Potomac engaged in a 
skirmish. 

Dec. 21. — Stoneman's raid. On the 9th of 
December Stoneraan started to clear tlie rebels 
out of East Tennessee. He moved from Bean's 
Station, Tenn., to Saltville and went also to 
Abingdon, Wytheville, Glade Spring and 
Marion, Ga. One of his commands met the 
rebels at Kingsport as stated above ; at Bristol 
another force was encountered by the brigade 
of Burbridge and the rebels retreated. Bur- 
bridge moved to Abingdon which was also 
reached by Gillem on the 15th, and on the 16th 
they overtook the rebels at Marion, routed the 
force and captured the artillery, trains and 198 
prisoners. Wytheville, its stores and supplies, 
lead works and railroad bridge were destroyed, 
and Stoneman moved on to the capture and 
destruction of Saltville and the salt works ; he 
captured two locomotives, siege guns and 
ammunition and returned to Knoxville with 
his own and Gillem's command and Burbridge 
fell back into Kentucky. 

Dec. 22.— At Liberty Mills or McLean's 
Ford, Va., an unimportant action took place. 

Dec. 23. — At Lyiniville, Tenn., the cavalry 
of Thomas continued the pursuit of Hood's 
army. — At Jack's Shop near Gordonville, Va., 
a cavalry division of the Army of, the Potomac 
and one fi-om the Army of \'irginia engaged in 
a movement. — At Buford's Station, Tenn., the 
pursuit of the rebels by tlie cav^alry of Thomas' 
army continued. 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



131 



Dec. 24.— At Elizabetlitown, Ky., the 1st 
Wisconsin Cavalry overtook the rebels flying 
from, the pursuing columns of Thomas and 
Colonel La Grraige with 20 j)icked men charged 
400 reljels and captured 1 1 prisoners. — At Moc- 
casin Gap, Va., the 8th Tennessee Cavalry con- 
nected with Stoneraan's raid engaged in a dash. 
— At Murfreeshoro, Tenn., the rebels attacked 
a garrison of colored troops. 

Dec. 25.— Assault on Fort Fisher, N. C. The 
city of Wilmington was under the protection of 
the fort which was located at the moutli of the 
Cape Fear River ; this was one of the principal 
forts of the confederates and was assaulted by 
the North Atlantic squadron commanded bj' 
Admiral Porter and the 10th Corps of the 
Army of the -James under Butler. The bom- 
bardment commenced on the 24th and was 
continued to some purpose on the morning of 
the 25th, which was Sunday and Christmas. 
Tlie Union loss was eight killed and 38 
wounded, wliile the confederates lost three 
killed, 55 wounded and 280 prisoners. — At 
Verona, Miss., the 7th Indiana Cavalry engaged 
with tlie fleeing rebels arriving from Hood's 
army. 

Dec. 27. — At Decatur, Ala., General Steed- 
man was established over a provisional depart- 
ment. 

Dec. 28.^At Egypt Station, Miss., a heavy 
action took place in which the 2nd Wisconsin 
Cavalry, the 4th and lith Illinois Cavalry, the 
7th Indiana, the 4tli and 10th Missouri, the 
2nd New -Jersey, 1st Mississippi and 3rd U. S. 
Colored Cavalry were engaged and in which 
the Union loss was 111 killed and wounded 
and the confederates lost 500 prisoners. 

Dec. 29.— At Pond Spring, Ala., the 15th 
Pennsylvania Cavalry, with detachments of 
Tennessee Cavalry and from three Indiana 
cavalry regiments, engaged in a skirmish. 

Dec. 31. — In the skirmishing and fighting 



in front of Petersburg, Va., the Federal force 
lost 40 killed and 329 wounded during the 
month. 

18<)5. -Tan. 1. — General Butler relieved of 
the command of the Army of the James. 

.J.\N. 2. — In a skirmi-sh at Frankhn, Miss.,iu 
which the 4th and 11th Illinois and a colored 
cavalry regiment engaged, the Union force lost 
four killed and nine wounded and the confed- 
erate loss in killed aud wounded was 50. — At 
Nauvoo, Ala., the same force of cavalry men- 
tioned December 29th, captured and destroyed 
Hood's supply and pontoon train. 

Jan. 3. — The same troops engaged in a skir- 
mish with Hood's command at Thorn Hill, 
Ala. 

Jan. 5. — At Smithfield, Ky., a cavalry regi- 
ment attacked by the rebels. 

Jan. 6. — y\.t Owensboro, Ky., an action took 
place in which a colored cavalry regiment was 
engaged. — Activities at Hawesville and Hend- 
erson, Ky. 

Jan. 7. — At. Julesburg, I. T., a company of 
the 7th Iowa Cavalry engaged in a flght with 
the Indians. 

Jan. 8. — At Skipwith's Landing, Miss., on 
the Mississippi River, an action took place. — 
At Scottsboro, Ala., 54 men belonging to a col- 
ored regiment engaged in a skirmish. — At Ivy 
Ford, Ala., a colored regiment sustained an as- 
sault. 

Jan. 11.— At Beverly, West Va., the 34th 
and 8tli Ohio Cavalry stationed there as a gar- 
rison were surprised by Rosser and 583 pris- 
oners captured, the killed and wounded being 
25. 

Jan. 13.- Capture of Fort Fisher, N. C. 
The bombardment was commenced on the 13th, 
continuing all night and through the 14th ; 
on the 15th the assault was made successfully 
and the fort captured. The Union lo.ss was 



132 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



184 killed and 749 wounded; the rebels lost 
400 killed and wounded and 2,083 captured. 

Jan. 14. — Pocotaligo, N. C. In the move- 
ment of Sherman's troops from this place a 
skirmish occurred in which the 17th Corps, 
Array of the Tennessee, were engaged and sus- 
tained a loss of 25 wounded. The movement 
continued until the 16th. — At Reed Hill, Ala., 
the loth Pennsylvania Cavalry continued to 
harass Hood's disorganized soldiery.' — At Dar- 
danelle, Ark., the 2nd Kansas and Iowa Cav- 
alry regiment engaged in a .skirmish. 

Jan. 15. — At Federal Hill, Va., rebel activi- 
ties. 

Jan. 16. — Explosion at Fort Fisher. This dis- 
aster was caused by the carelessness of tlie sol- 
diers who approached the magazine with burn- 
ing candles ; 25 soldiers were killed and 66 
wounded.— On tliis date Fort Caswell, together 
with all the works on Smith's Island in the 
vicinity of Smith ville, and Reeve's Point were 
abandoned in consequence of the fall of Fort 
Fisher and their armaments captured. 

Jan. IS.^In the vicinity of Columbus, Ky., 
the Tennessee Cavalry engaged in a skirmish. 

Jan. 19. — At Half Moon Battery, Sugar Loaf 
Hill, N. C, a detachment from the Army of 
the .James were engaged in the destruction of 
the railroad. 

Jan. 21. — Activities at City Point, Va. 

Jan. 24. — At Fort Brady, Va., a detachment 
from tl:e Army of the Jameson gunboats broke 
the chain which had obstructed Dutch Gap 
Canal. 

Jan. 25.— On this date two corps of the Army 
of tlie Teniijessee made a demonstration against 
Combahee Ferry and the'railroad bridge across 
the Salkahatchie, the river having been con- 
stituted the rebel line of defense covering Char- 
leston on the south. The rebels were held at 
this point until after Howard's army was on 
the move and, on the 1st of February, the main 



body of the army moved westward up the Sal- 
kahatchie. Howard crossed the river in the 
face of the enemy at River's and Beaufort's 
Bridges. The rebel situation on the 3rd of the 
month was carried by Mower's and Smith's 
division. The confederate killed and wounded, 
numbering 88, were sent back to Pocotaligo. 
The 15tli Corps crossed at Beaufort's Bridge 
almost without resistance and the rebels fell 
back to Branchville, S. C; the colums of Sher- 
man occupied the South Carolina railroad con- 
necting Charleston with Augusta and the entire 
Union loss through this movement, which occu- 
pied from January 25tli to February 9th, was 
138 killed and wounded. — At Simpsonville, 
Ky., an engagement occurred between the rebels 
and a regiment of colored cavalry. 

Jan. 29.— An expedition started into western 
North Carolina, which was principally composed 
of the 3rd North Carolina Infantry ; this move- 
ment occupied about two weeks. 

Jan. 30. — Movement of Union troops at 
Sisters Ferry, Ga. 

Fkb. 2.— At Midway, Barnwell Co., S. C, and 
at Whippy Swamp, Beaufort Co., S. C, activities 
connected with the movements of the Union 
troops in South Carolina took place. 

Feb. 4. — At Little River, Tenn., a slight 
action occurred. 

Feb. 5. — Dabnej''s Mills or Hatcher's Run, 
Va. The railroads being cut, the rebels brought 
supplies to Petersburg on wagon trains; to in- 
tercept these trains and to put an end to these 
operations, General Gregg with his cavalry was 
ordered to march with Warren's corps for the 
purpose of turning the rebel lines at Hatch- 
er's Run and he went by way of Ream's 
Station to Dinwiddle, C. H. and moved up 
and down the Boydton plank roads on which 
the trains were reported to be. General Warren 
crossed the Run and General Humphries, in his 
advance to assist the movement, was furiously 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



133 



assaulted. At 5 o'clock in the afternoon the 
rebel artillery opened on Humphries" infantry 
in a desperate manner only to be repulsed. 
Gregg found that the Boydton road was of but 
little use ; Warren sent a force up the stream 
through swamps which drove before them 
force of rebels to Dabney's Mills. A division 
under Ayres, which was advancing to support 
Crawford, was driven upon i im by a rebel force 
which had moved unexpectedly to the left of 
the Union force and both commands fell back 
to the Run, hotly pursued by the rebels, who 
were met by a fire from Humphries' intrench- 
ments and they fell back within their lines. 
The Union loss was 232 killed, 1,062 wounded 
and 186 missing. Generals Morrow, Smythe, 
Davis, Gregg, Ayers, Sickles and Gwynn were 
wounded. The confederate loss was 1,200 
killed and wounded, General Pegram being 
among the slain. — At Moorfield, Rosser captured 
a rebel train of 95 wagons with valuable stores. 
— At Orange C. H., Va., activities occurred. — 
On Rowanti Creek, Va., the troops referred to 
in the first mention under this date, occupied 
positions. 

Feb. 7. — Sherman's advance Northward. 
The left wing of the army, with Kilpatrick's 
cavalry, crossed the Savannah River on this 
date under orders to move to Coosawatchie on 
the Charleston Road and to Robertsville, on 
the road to Columbia. Two divisions of the 
20th Corps under Jackson and Geary had 
crossed tlie river at Purisburg, had reached 
Hardeeville, S. C, and established communi- 
cation with Howard at Pocotaligo. The gen- 
eral features of the march through the Carolinas 
were a repetition of that through Georgia. The 
operations of the rebels, defensive and offensive, 
were of the same character and Sherman 
rightly estimated that strongly fortified and 
important positions would be held by the 
rebels to the bitter end, and that the route be- 



tween Augusta, Ga., and Charlestown would be 
clear, with the exception of the operations of 
Wheeler's cavalry and the local organizations 
of armed rebels. Kilpatrick moved to Black- 
ville, Williston and Aiken along the South 
Carolina railroad, losing slightly, taking 100 
prisoners and killing and wounding 240 rebels 
and entirely destroying the road between Edisto 
and Blackville, and Slocum reached the latter 
place on the 10th. The destruction of the road 
was continued to Windsor and, on the Utb, the 
entire army was concentrated midway between 
Augusta and Charleston, the position being of 
eminent advantage, as the rebel forces covering 
these two points would be thus divided. The 
right wing of the army reached Orangeburg on 
the 12th, carried the intrench ments, drove the 
garrison across the Edisto and the force was 
flanked immediately. General Blair pushed 
on to the railroad and commenced its destruc- 
tion and Slocum advanced westward, covered 
by Kilpatrick. Feb. 16th, Sherman's army 
was in sight of Columbia from the south bank 
of the Congaree ; Slocum crossed the Saluda at 
Zion Church and pushed on to Winnsboro, 
destroying tlie railroad communication near 
Allston, while Howard moved on Columbia 
from the north. On the 17th the corps was 
crossing a pontoon bridge laid on Broad River 
and, during its passage, the mayor of Columbia 
rode out and surrendered the city to General 
Stone, who took possession with his brigade. 
General Hampton, commanding the rear guard, 
ordered the burning of the cotton stored in the 
city and it was stacked in the streets with all 
the bands removed ; the fierce gale blew 
tufts of burning cotton hither and thither and 
the city was soon an uncontrollable mass of 
flame. Every effort was made to arrest the 
fire, but it was not checked until the morning 
of the 18th. Slocum reached Winnsboro on 
the 21st and on the 23rd the 20th Corps crossed 



134 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



the Catawba River. The same night, Kil- 
patrick made a feint on Charlotte, whither 
Beauregard had retreated witli the rebel cav- 
alry. On the 26th the 20th Corps reached 
Hanging Rock. Slocum pushed on to Cheraw, 
N. C, which was 70 miles southwest of Char- 
lotte. Feb. 22nd, Kilpatrick reported 18 of 
his men murdered and left in the highway 
with threatening labels attached to their persons 
and the cavalry commander was ordered to 
retaliate man for man. The riglit wing pushed 
on to Peay's Ferry and a detachment was sent 
to destroy communications on the Wateree and 
between Florence and Charleston, which was 
prevented by rebel cavalry. March 3rd, Sher- 
man's army had reached Cheraw, N. C. The 
losses on both sides were small. 

Feb. 8. — At Shallotte Inlet, N. C, move- 
ments following the surrender of Fort Fisher 
took place. — Kilpatrick reached Branchville, 
S. C. — Destruction of the railroad to Williston, 
S. C, by Kilpatrick's command. 

Feb. 9. — Skirmish at Binnaker's Bridge, 
South Edisto River, S. C; 17th Corps, Army of 
the Tennessee. — On this date the 11th Ohio 
iind 7th Iowa cavalry engaged in a fight with 
Indians at Rush Creek, I. T. 

Fei'.. 10. -In a figiit at James Island, in which 
the forces of General Gilmore engaged, they lost 
about 80 men and effected the posession of the 
island. The rebel loss was about the same. 

Feb. 11. — In a fight at Sugar Loaf Battery, 
Federal Point, N. C, a detachment from the 
Army of the -lames being engaged, 14 Union 
soldiers were killed and 114 wounded. — Attack 
on Orangeburg, S. C, by Sherman's army.— At 
Honey Hill, Ga., the rebels fired on a detacment 
of Union soldiers. 

Feb. 15. — On this date Sherman's array ar- 
rived at Lexington, S. C. A part of Sheridan's 
command crossed Water Lick Creek, Va. 



Feb. 16. — The colored troops at Cedar Creek, 
Fla., were assaulted by the rebels. 

Feb. 17. — Evacuation of Charleston. This 
movement was commenced on the nigliL of this 
date and occupied two days. — Attack on Fort 
Anderson on the Cape Fear River, N. C, and 
capture of Wilmington. On this date Admiral 
Porter attacked Fort Anderson on the Cape 
Fear River. The river had been previously 
dragged for torpedoes and the flotilla, compris- 
ing five vessels, the Montauk, Pawtuxet, Lena- 
pee, Unadilla and Pequot had been variously 
disposed on the stream. On the 18th, a large 
force of gunboats took posession and bombarded 
the fort which was silenced at three p. m., the 
Union firing being maintained until evening. 
During the night of the ISth, the fort was aban- 
doned, the fiying rebels removing six field 
pieces. Ten heavy guns were captured and in 
the engagement throughout, the Union loss 
was three killed and four wounded. On the 
20th and 21st, the search for torpedoes beyond 
the fort was continued and the gunboats passed 
on to attack the batteries nearer Wilmington, 
which was evacuated on the 22iid. On the 
20th, two guns and 375 rebel prisoners were 
captured. The rebels fired their stores and 
General Cox entered the town. The entire 
Federal loss was about 200 in killed and 
wounded. The rebel loss was much greater. 
Fort Strong on Big Island was bombarded and 
the rebels driven from the fort. 

Feb. 18. — Forts Moultrie and Sumter in 
Charleston Harbor abandoned. — At Fort Jones, 
Ky., a battery of colored artillery engaged in 
an action. 

Feb. 20. — An action took place at Fort 
Myers, Fla. — At Town Creek, N. C, a part of 
the Army of the Ohio drove the rebels flying 
from Fort Anderson to this place. Cox occu- 
pied the place on this date and captured the 
armament. 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



135 



Feb. 21. — Activities at Cumberland, Va. 

FiiB. 22. — 111 a skirraisli at Douglas Land- 
ing, Pine Bluff, Ark., the Union loss was 40 
wounded and the rebels lost 26 wounded ; the 
13th Illinois Cavalry was engaged. 

Feb. 23. — Activities at Georgetown, S. C, 
and at Fort White. 

Feb. 24. — Movements of troops at Camden, 
Mo. 

Feb. 26. — At Mount Clio, S. C, a detach- 
ment of mounted infantry under the noted 
scout Captain Duncan, engaged in a thrilling 
adventure. — At Lynch Creek, S. C, the advance 
of the 15th Corps. 

Feb. 27. — Sheridan moved up the Shenan- 
doah Valley from Winchester to destroy the 
Central railroad and the canal to take Lynch- 
burg and afterwards to join Sherman or Grant 
as circumstances decreed. On the 2yth, he 
reached Staunton and despatched several brig- 
ades to drive Early from Waynesboro. The 
attack was made on the morning of March 2nd 
and nearly all of Early's force and supplies 
were captured, the prisoners numbering 1,667, 
the Union loss being 35 killed and wounded ; 
this was the end of Early's power in the Shen- 
andoah and Sheridan's troops commenced 
operations by destroying the railroad and canal. 
On the 3rd of March the troo]>s took possession 
of Charlotteville and the railroad to Gordons- 
ville and Lynchburg was destroyed. On the 
6th of March active operations on tlie canal 
were commenced and the destruciion was made 
a success. March 10th, Sheridan reached 
Columbia and determined to join Grant and 
arrived at White House on the 19th. 

Feb. 28. — A colored regiment sustained an 
assault in tlie defenses at Chattanooga. 

March 1. — At Clinton, La , the 4th Wiscon- 
sin Cavalry entered on a foraging expedition. 

March 3. — Howard arrived at Cheraw. — At 



Chesterfield, S. C, movements of Sherman took 
place. 

March 6. — The 4th Wisconsin Cavalry en- 
gaged in a skirmish at Olive Branch, La., and 
lost three killed and two wounded. — Two regi- 
ments of colored troops engaged in a heavy 
skirmish at Natural Bridge, Va., and lost 22 
killed and 46 wounded. — At Fredericksburg, 
Va., movements of the Army of ^' irginia. — At 
North Fork in tlie Shenadoah, a portion of 
Sheridan's cavalry, commanded by Colonel 
Thompson of the 1st New Hampshire Cavalry, 
engaged in lively action in the destruction of 
the canal. 

March 7. — Kilpatrick reached Rockingham, 
N. C. 

March 8. — At Wilcox Bridge or Wise's 
Fork, N. C, the divisions of Palmer, Carter and 
Ruger engaged in an action of heavy calibre. 
The fighting on this date was without results 
and information was received of a heavy rebel 
force in front ; on the 10th the rebels made an 
attack in force after keeping up the skirmish- 
ing on the previous day. The fight was a 
sharp one, about 16,000 rebels being included 
in the attacking corps. Bragg retreated with 
his force on the night of the 10th, the battle 
being without practical results excepting the 
demonstration to the rebels of the determined 
and invincible character of the columns of 
Sherman. The Union loss was 80 killed, 421 
wounded and 600 missing; the confederates 
lost 1,500 killed. This action is known to his- 
tory as the battle of Kingston.— Kilpatrick's 
troops at Laurel Hill, N. C— At Jackson, N. C, 
activities occurred connected with the destruc- 
tion of the Weldon railroad. 

March 0. — On the night of this date. Wade 
Hampton dashed into Kilpatrick's camp and 
captured his headquarters and some of his 
guns. Kilpatrick rallied, retook the guns and 
reoccupied the camp. This was a complete 



136 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



surprise because of the night, the soldiers being 
in sound sleep. Hampton took several hundred 
prisoners whom he afterwards released and 
the rebels lost more than a hundred killed and 
wounded, who were left on the held. This ac- 
tioujtook place near a village called Solemn 
Grove, Moore Co., N. C. — Hardee crossed the 
Cape Fear River at Fayetteville, N. C. — At 
Grant's Creek, N. C, activities connected with 
the reunion of the ditferent divisions of 
Sherman's army took place. 

March 11. Skirmish at Beaver Dam, N. C. 
— .Johnson arrived in person at Fayetteville. — 
At Clear Lake, Ark., a detachment from Com- 
pany A, 3rd Wisconsin Cavalry were led into 
an ambush in which two were killed and three 
wounded. Eleven missing were reported. — 
(Stoneman's raid.) 

March 15. — At the South Anna River in Vir- 
ginia the 5th LT. S. Colored Cavalry engaged in 
a skirmish. — Activities at Moore's Cross Roads, 
Va. — Movement at Brandenburg, Ky. 

March 16. — Battle of Averysboro, N. C. — 
Sherman's army was on tlie Cape Fear River ; 
he had hitherto maneuvered to divide the rebel 
forces but they had concentrated under the 
command of Johnston and, on this date, an at- 
tack was made on the left and center of Har- 
dee's intrenched lines and a brigade acting as 
rear guard was routed with more than a hun- 
dred dead left on tlie field and more than 200 
captured. Repeated charges were made, and 
night only, closed the fighting, and Hardee re- 
treated. The Federal loss was 77 killed and 
about 500 wounded, the rebel loss being about 
the same and most of their wounded left to the 
care of the Union force. For two or three days 
Sherman's strategic movement continued and, 
on the 19th, troops began to concentrate for the 
fighting at Bentonville. The battle at Averys- 
boro was a hard one for the Union troops, the 
nature of the ground being swampy and diffi- 



cult to traverse and the victory which was gained, 
proved to the rebels the uselessness of en- 
deavoring to cope with an army wlio had been 
engaged for montiis in making their w.iy over 
many miles of similar territory. — Activities in 
the vicinity of Ivinslon, N. C, and at Taylor's 
Bayou, La.; Schofield leaves Kinston, to join 
Sherman. 

March 18. — A colored regiment engaged in 
an action at Boyd's Station, Ala. — Hardee 
reaches Smithsfield, N. C. 

March 19. — Battle of Bentonville. On this 
date the corps of Logan approached Benton- 
ville and soon after the cavalry and artillery 
fighting commenced. The left flank of John- 
ston's army declined to meet the corps of Lo- 
gan which was practically assuming tlie de- 
fenses. On the 20tli, three corps of Sherman's 
army were in an impregnable position in front 
of the command of Johnston, who retreated to 
Smithfield unimpeded, as tlie great invader at 
the head of the Union troops did not desire a 
general engagement at this point. The Union 
loss in this approach on Bentonville was 191 
killed, 1,168 wounded and 287 missing. The 
confederate loss in killed, wounded and missing 
was over 3,000. — On this date a movement 
took place at Morris' Farm, N. C, on which a 
position was held in the Bentonville fight. 

March 20. — Stoneman's raid into southwes- 
tern Va., and North Carolina. This move- 
ment progressed from this date to April 23rd. 
— Three brigades under Gillem moved from 
Virginia to North Carolina. 

March 21. — Goldsboro occupied Ijy Scho- 
field. — At Cox's Bridge and Mount Olive, in 
that vicinity, activities occurred connected with 
the military movements of Sliernian's column. 
Gillem's advance reached Marion, Va. — Military 
movements at Plantersville, Ala., and at Padu- 
cah, Ky. — On this date Wilson moved south- 
ward from Chickasaw, Ala, Tliis movement 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



137 



occupied from March 22nd to April 24th. The 
12th Pennsylvania Cavalry engaged in a skir- 
mish at Hamilton, Va. 

March 23. — Action at Suniterville, S. C. 

March 22. — Activities at Ream's Station, 
Va., and Paducah, Ky. 

March 24. — Redr'ock, Arizona Ter.; a regi- 
ment of New Mexico cavalry engaged in a 
scrimmage. — On the same date at Cox's Bridge, 
N. C, the command of General Terry laid a 
pontoon bridge and Sherman entered Smith- 
field, N. C. 

March 25. — Attack on Fort Steadman. Gen- 
eral Lee's command commenced operations at 
Fort Steadman at the break of day and the 
storming part}', moving upon the redoubts, 
carried them and overwhelmed the garrison in 
the fort, capturing the guns and turning them 
upon the Federal troops. As soon as General 
Park learned of the affair, he ordered a move- 
ment to recapture and, before 8 o'clock in the 
morning, important advantages had been 
gained and soon after that hour Fort Steadman 
was again in the possession of the Federal 
army; nearly 2,000 prisoners were captured 
and the Union loss in killed, wounded and 
missing was about 1,000. In coimection with 
this action the forces of Humphries at City 
Point were placed under arms and reconnois- 
sances made in readiness to assault tlie rebel 
intrenchments and heavy artillery and mus- 
ketry fire was kept up. In this action the 
train was laid for the victorious operations on 
the 2nd day of April. — Activities at Hatcher's 
Run, Va., at Fort Fisher, N. C, at Fort Has- 
kell and Hare's Hill. — On the same date an 
action occurred at Pollard, Ala., between Gen- 
eral Steele and the rebel General Clayton, in 
which the latter was seriously wounded and 
130 prisoners captured. — At Pine Barren Creek, 
Ala., the cavalry of Steele advanced previous 
to the action mentioned. 



March 26.— Siege of Mobile. This action 
commenced on this date and terminated April 
9th. — Stoneman reached Boone, N. C. — Military 
movements at Mitchell's Creek, Fla. 

March 27. — Investment of Spanish Fort. — 
Kilpatrick made connection on this date with 
the forces of Grant, and the Army of the 
James, with a cavalry force, made a secret 
movement. 

March 29.— At Quaker Road, Xa., the 5th 
Corps under Warren moved to position and 
one of his columns under Griffin encountered 
the rebels in force and a sharp fight took place, 
involving a loss of about 400 on each side, the 
rebels being driven back to their intrenchments. 
The troops moved on Vaughn Road near Grav- 
elly Run and on this day Sheridan placed his 
command in position south of Hatcher's Run, 
which was also crossed by Humphries and 
Warren. 

March 30. — At Halifax Road the move- 
ments continued on Hatcher's Run and on the 
Dabney Mill Road, the rebels being driven, 
and the Crow House intrenchments occupied 
by the Federal troops. — Movements on Cham- 
berlain's Creek, Va. 

March 31. — On the morning of this date, 
the corps of Warren was in sight of White Oak 
Road, Va.; the position was such that regular 
line of battle could not be formed, but the divi- 
sions were so disposed tliat they could change 
front for action in any direction. A fierce at- 
tack was made by the rebels with slight advant- 
age, but Griffin's division held its ground and 
at 2 o'clock in the afternoon the rebels had 
ceased their onset and when Warren resumed 
the offensive he met little opposition ; only two 
of his brigades were involved to any extent and 
an entire confederate regiment was captured 
and soon after the rebels had retreated to their 
breastworks and a victory was won. Warren's 
loss was 177 killed, 1,134 wounded and 556 



138 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



missing. Tiie confederate loss in killed and 
wounded was about 1,000. — Dinwiddie C. H., 
Va. After the fight at White Oak Roads, 
Warren moved to Dinwiddie and attacked tlie 
rebels on one side while Siieridan opei-ated 
against him on the other and, soon after mid- 
night, the rebel force was compelled to retire 
towards Five Forks, having lost 400 in killed 
and wounded ; the Union loss was 67 killed 
and 354 wounded. — At Montevallo, the troops 
belonging to Wilson's command on his raid in 
Alabama engaged in the destruction of a rail- 
road ; the work included iron works and rolling 
mills and was chiefly performed by Croxton's 
brigade, a skirmish taking place at Trion and 
King's Iron Works. — At Six Mile Creek near 
Montevallo, Roddy's cavalry engaged in a skir- 
mish and captured 50 prisoners. 

April 1. — Battle of Five Forks. This action 
was fought by Warren's corps and the 1st, 2nd 
and 3rd Cavalry Divisions under Sheridan. 
The finst assault was made on the rebel left, 
which was soon driven in nearly to the center 
with a loss of more than half of the confederate 
force captured and the balance surged down 
the White Oak Road in a demoralized mass. 
Griffin and Ayers pressed on the left and Craw- 
ford pushed u])ou the rear. A determined 
effort was made to stop the latter and the bri- 
gade of Coulter was terribly cut, but the move- 
ment was in vain, and almost the entire force 
surrendered to Crawford. Another attempt to 
make a stand was made a mile beyond the 
Forks and proved equally futile. The Union 
loss was 124 killed and 706 wounded, the rebel 
loss being 8,500 killed, wounded and captured. 
— At Trion, Ala., a battle took place, in which the 
1st Brigade of the 1st Division of the Cavalry 
Corps of the Military Division of the Mississippi, 
Wilson's raid, engaged. — In this movement 
Wilson's force encountered Forrest at Ebenezer 
Church and gained complete victory, capturing 



two guns and 200 prisoners, the victors pressing 
on and destroying communications to Burnsville 
in the direction of Selma. — At Boone, N. G, an 
action took place in which a part of the troops 
connected with Stoneman's i-aid were engaged. — 
At Mount Pleasant, Ala., a detachment of cav- 
alry under Canby engaged in a skirmish. 

April 2. — Fall of Petersburg. The troops 
connected with this action included the 2nd, 
6th and 9tli Corps of the Army of the Potomac 
and the 24th Corps of the Army of the James. 
The assault commenced just before daybreak, 
the advancing columns being accompanied by 
"Pioneers" with axes and details of artillerymen 
to man any guns which might be captured. 
The whole front outer line was carried by Wil- 
cox's command who made the assault in this 
place to induce the confederates to concentrate 
and the feint was successful. The signal for 
general assault was given at half past four in 
the afternoon and the troops moved forward 
without heeding a hailstorm of bullets and car- 
ried the line by storm, llartfrant's division capt- 
uring 12 guns and 800 prisoners. The divis- 
ion of Potter drove the rebels on the left and 
the simultaneous attacks which had been made 
in other quarters had been equally successful 
and the Federal troops occupied Petersburg. 
The Union loss was 296 killed, 2,565 wounded 
and 500 missing ; the confederate loss was 
about the same and over 3,000 of their soldiers 
were made prisoners of war. — Activities at Fort 
Fisher, Fort Welch and Newbern, N. C. — Battle 
of Selma. In this action the garris :n numbered 
7,000 and was placed under the command of 
Forrest ; the fortifications were carried by the 
division of Long, the Union loss being 40 killed, 
260 wounded ; the rebel loss included 2,700 
prisoners, 32 siege guns and a quantity of stores 
captured ; 25,000 bales of cotton had been pre- 
viously burned. 

April 3, — Surrender of Richmond, At 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



139 



nightfall of April 2nd, orders were issued 
for the Union army to assault the Petersburg 
and Richmond lines in the early morning of 
the 3rd, but it was discovered before daylight 
tlmt all tlie intrenchraents in the vicinity of 
those two cities had been abandoned and tliat 
Lee was in retreat towards Danville and a little 
after eight the confederate capital was surren- 
dered to (General Weitzel with 600 prisoners 
who were chiefly sick and disabled. — At Salem, 
N. C, a force under General Palmer of Stone- 
man's command fought the action known as 
the battle of Salem. — Military movements at 
Deep Creek, Va.— At Amelia C. H., Va., (Jet- 
tersville), Lee began the concentration of his 
forces and Grifhn marched to that place. — Ac- 
tivities at Sutherland Station, Va., connected 
with the movements of Lee's retreating array. 
— At Wytheville, Ysx., the 12th Pennsylvania 
Cavalry of Stoneman's command engaged in a 
skirmish and large quantities of supplies were 
destroyed wdth 90 miles of railroad and railroad 
bridges. — At Northport, Ala., a body of troops 
connected with Wilson's raid engaged in afiglit. 
At Namozin Church and Willicornack, Va., the 
division of Custer engaged in a sharp scrim- 
mage and lost 10 killed and 85 wounded. 

April 4. — Tuscaloosa, Ala., captured by Wil- 
son's command. — At Deep River Bridge, N. C, 
the forces connected with Stoneman's raid en- 
gaged in a cavalry skirmish. — At Bethany and 
Fairhaven, W. Va., slight movements oc- 
curred. 

April 5. — At Amelia Springs, Va., Crook's 
cavalry, Sheridan's command, engaged in a 
fight with Fitz Hugh Lee, the Union loss being 
20 killed an,d 96 wounded.— On the same date at 
Paine's Cross Road, a reconnoissance by Davies . 
of Crook's division took place ; this was pre- 
vious to the action already mentioned on this 
date. — At Howe's Cross Roads a movement 
took place. 



April 6. — Pursuit of Lee. On the morning 
of this date Lee and Tjongstreet made connec- 
tion at Rice's Station and were joined soon after 
by Fitz Hugh Lee, Ewell, Anderson and Con- 
don. General Grant notified Meade on the even- 
ing before that he should attack Lee in the early 
morning and ordered an advance of the 2nd, 
5th and 6th Corps. Sheridan was also ordered 
to move forward. General Ord had been on 
the march three days and had destroyed High 
Bridge and other highway and railroad com- 
munications and General Humphrey sent a 
force to Flat Creek to attack what he supposed 
to be the rear of Lee's army. On the 6th Gor- 
don's corps was attacked in a running fight of 
about 15 miles, the pursuit being continued 
with remarkable swiftness and system, accom- 
panied by artillery so disposed as to be 
ready for effective business. The move- 
ments were continued, the corps of Gordon 
while in flight relieving itself by aban- 
doning all impedimenta and on Little Sail- 
or's Creek made an attempt to secure foot- 
hold for a stand ; in the onset the action was 
very sharp, resulting in a decided victory which 
was the last straw that broke the camel's back 
and made it apparent that the end was at hand. 
Pursuit was resumed the next morning. Nearly 
2,000 prisoners had been captured and the 
rebels must have lost about 2,000 in killed, 
wounded and captured. The Union loss was 
about 1,200 in killed and wounded. — Skirmish 
at Burksville, Va. — At Sidney Swamp, Ala., a 
cavalry fight, in which Wilson's troops engaged 
took place.— General Read engaged in a sharp 
fight at Burke's .Junction and his force surren- 
dered to the rebels; General Read, Colonel 
Westburn and many other officers were killed 
and loss to the command was fearful. 

April 7. — Continued flight and pursuit of 
Lee. 

April 8.— Lee's flight continued and General 



140 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



Grant, through these two days, conferred with 
Lee, proposing surrender whicli was rejected, 

April 9. — Surrender of Lee. The confer- 
ence between Lee, Longstreet and Mahone re- 
sulted in the decision of Lee to liold a confer- 
ence with Grant which was equivalent to sur- 
render. Appomatox C. H. was fixed upon as 
place of surrender and the terms were arranged 
in a house belonging to a man named McLain 
and, in an insignificant village of less than a 
hundred souls, arrangements were concluded 
which practically terminated the Civil War. 
The last fighting was done on the 7th near 
Farmville before arrangements were entered 
upon and, on the 9th at daybreak, an attack 
was made on Gordon's command on the Lynch- 
burg Road ; Crook was attacked a little later, 
both of which actions resulted in tlie retiring 
of the rebels. General Ord was preparing for 
a decisive action, his divisions moving on the 
double quick, when a white flag from General 
Lee arrested the movements and he acceded to 
a request of the rebel chief to suspend hostili- 
ties until he could confer with General Grant 
and the Union force was sounded to halt by the 
bugles. About 4 o'clock in the afternoon the 
rebel surrender was announced. — At Sumter- 
ville, S. C, the troops of the Department of the 
South engaged in an action. — Surrender of 
Spanish Fort. The bombarding of the fort was 
carried on actively on the day j^receding this 
date for 14 hours and at nightfall the 8th Iowa 
under Colonel Bell fought the decisive action 
on the parapet. The Union infantry carried a 
portion of the garrison by storiu and before the 
hand-to-hand contest was over an entire brig- 
ade had taken possession and commenced to 
intrench. Under feint of a determined resist- 
ance the garrison abandoned the fort, moving 
to Fort Huger and crossing the Apalachie. A 
part of the force was intercepted by Canby's 
troops and 500 prisoners were captured. Canby 



took possession of the fort April 9th. — Fort 
Blakely was carried by assault at nightfall of 
the 9tli and about 3,500 men were captured ; 
the Union loss was 654 killed and wounded. — 
Fort Tracy was occupied by the rebels flj'ing 
from Spanish Fort. The siege of Mobile in- 
cluded Forts Spanish and Blakely. The forti- 
fications about the city were very strong. The 
attack was made by Canby commanding the 
Army of the West Mississippi, one corps march- 
ing from Fort Morgan up the east side of the 
bay to a small stream called Fish River. A 
landing was secured and the remainder of the 
command was brought to the same point in 
transports. At the same time a column under 
General Steele left Pensacola, directing its 
march upon Blakely, a port near the mouth of 
the Blakely River. A short distance below 
Blakely lay Spanish Fort on whose defence the 
city depended. It became a necessity that the 
communication of the city with the fort be cut 
off bj' water while the army made the land in- 
vestment. The virtual surrender of the city 
was made at nightfall of the 8th. The Union 
loss was 213 killed, 1,211 wounded and that of 
the rebels 500 killed and wounded and 2,952 
captured and missing. 

April 10. — Sherman's army began its ad- 
vance on the Neuse River. 

April 11. — Evacuation of Forts Huger and 
Tracy. — Destruction of the railroad towards 
Lynchburg, Va., by Stoneman's troops. — Move- 
ment towards Montgomery by Wilson's forces. 
— Evacuation of Mobile. 

April 12. — Surrender of Mobile. — In the 
campaign 5,000 prisoners were taken and the 
entire loss of Canby was less -than 1,500 killed 
and wounded. — The news of Lee's surrender 
received by Sherman at Smithfield, N. C. 
Movements of Sherman's army in the advance 
to Grant's Mills, N. C. — Formal surrender of 
Montgomery and movement of the same cav- 



HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



141 



airy force under Wilson to Georgia. — Release 
of Union prisoners at Salisbury, N. C. 

April 13. — Canby's troops moved to Whistler 
Station, Ala. — Occupation of Raleigh, N. C, by 
Sherman's troops. 

April 14. — Flag of truce from Johnston to 
Sherman, preliminary to surrender. — Assassi- 
nation of President Lincoln. — Conference of 
Sherman and .Johnston at Durham Station, 
N. C, and arrangements for a meeting on the 
17th. 

April 16. — Columbus, Ivy., occupied by 
Upton's troops and the capture of 1,200 pris- 
oners. — Confederate ram Jackson destroyed by 
the same force, with the arsenal, navy yard, 
railroad stock and a large quantity of cotton. — 
Fort Taylor, West Point, Ga., taken by Mc- 
Cook's command and 300 prisoners taken. — 
Cavalry action at South Fork, Oregon. 

April 17. — At Durham Station, N. C, con- 
ference between Sherman and Johnston. — Con- 
ference between Mosby and Hancock. 

April 18. — Continuation of the conference 
between Sherman and Johnston. — Military 
movements at Boj'kin's Mills, S. C. 

April 20. — Macon, Ga., surrendered to Wil- 
son, and Croxton's brigade made connection 
with Wilson at that place. 

April 23. — Arrival of Grant at Morehead 
City, N. C, where he communicated with Sher- 
man. 

April 26. — Surrender of Johnston to Sher- 
man. — Movement of the Federal troops from 
Raleigh. — General Halleck ordered the gen- 
erals of the Army of the Potomac to move their 
commands into the department where Sherman 
was operating. 

April 28. — The troops of the Army of the 
Potomac arrived at Danville, Vsl., en route to 
assist Sherman. 

May 4.— Movement at Citronville, Ala.— 



Activities at Germania Ford, Va. — Movements 
at Cottonville, Ala. — Skirmish at Nana Blufl. 

May 10. — Capture of Jeff Davis at Irwins- 
ville, Ga. In fact, the flight of Davis com- 
menced on the day following the surrender of 
Lee. Danville, the new capital, was abandoned 
and, on the lllh Davis reached Greensboro, 
N. C, and soon after was in consultation with 
Johnston and Beauregard. He insisted that 
Johnston resume hostilities, but the latter 
refused. Davis received no attention at Greens- 
boro and on the 14th he went to Charlotte, 
where the news of the assassination of Pres- 
ident Lincoln and of the surrender of 
John.son was received. Davis started for 
Texas, passing through Abbeville, S. C, Wash- 
ington, Milledgeville and Macon, Ga., and 
the forces of Wilson were ordered to pursue and 
were soon dispersed from Kingston to Florida. 
May 7th a detachment of the 1st Wisconsin 
Cavalry, stationed at Dublin, ascertained that 
Davis was on the Jacksonville road and he 
was pursued to the Ockuiulgee River; it was 
learned at Abbeville that he was on the way to 
Irwinsville. Colonel Pritchard of the 4th 
Michigan reached Irwinsville at two o'clock on 
the morning of this dale and learned his 
whereabouts and captured him at daylight, 
while attempting to escape in women's cloth- 
ing. — Surrender of Sam Jones to Wilson's 
Cavalry. 

May 11. — Surrender of Jeff Thompson to 
General Dodge. 

May 13. — Last engagement of the war at 
Boco Chico, Texas. In a fight at Palmetto 
Ranch, in which the 34th Indiana, 2nd Texas 
Cavalrj' and a regiment of colored troops were 
engaged, the Union loss was 118 killed and 
wounded. 

May 14. — All the confederate troops east of 
the Mississippi River surrendered to General 
Canb}' on this date. 



142 



CHRONOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL 



May 24. — Movements connected with the j the troops in the department west of the Missis- 
cessation of hostilities at Duvall's Bluff, Fort ; sippi River and in Texas. 
Manahasset and Fort Griffin. \ June l.-Movements of troops at Browns- 

\ ville, Texas. 

May 25.-Movements of troops at La Bone j^,^^,^, 2. -Movements at Galveston, Texas, 
Pass, La., and at Sabine Pass. j ^jj,; .^^ yVlexandria, La. 

May 26. — Surrender by Kirby Smith of all | June 26.— Blockade raised. 





^oA^. o/t. S. RJO^U-^a. 



^i^aa3a33Q!aCBClBEIIi!lylQQEIEIBBEIBieiaBE!ElE!EIEIBQCIQE]E]E)E]EIE]QE]BBBBBU4r, 




s->^ Mi 3~^- 




ptQiaiaiiaaQaQiaiaiaaiaQaQaQaaQaQaayyBiQiaQiaQGiQiiiooEiEiiaQraQraraiaraK 



-•J^^H'D 



to 



UGUSTUS GORDON 
W E I S S E R T, Depart- 
nieut Commandei' of Wis- 
consin (1888 -S'J) Grand 
Army of the Republic, a 
representative soldier of 
the volunteer forces and a 
prominent member of the 
Milwaukee Bar, was born 
Aug. 7, 1844, at Canton, 
Stark Co., Ohio. When 
he was six years old his 
Racine, Wis., wliere he 



parents removed 
obtained a good elementary education and 
was graduated from the high school. Later, 
he pursued a general course of studj' at the 
University of Michigan at Ann Arbor and 
afterwards entered the Law Dej)artment whence 
he was graduated with the degree of LL. B. 
He resided at Racine until he went to Now 
York to continue his studies, the year previous to 
entering the army, and was but little more than 
a lad when he became a soldier. At 17 .he 
enli.sted in Company K, 8th Wisconsin In- 
fantry, enrolling Sept. 10, 1861, having been 
several times theretofore rejected on account of 
his age and stature. The "Eagle"' regiment, 
organized September 4th at the rendezvous 
at Camp Randall, Madison, was mustered 
into U. S. service on the 13tli and left the 
State October 12th, being the first Wisconsin 
regiment to receive orders for the West. After 
a few days passed at Benton Barracks, St. Louis, 
orders were received to move to Pilot Knob 
and, on the 20th, the " 8th " were assigned to 
the command of Colonel Carlin and on the 
next day 3'oung Weissert had the satisfaction of 
participating in a victory at Fredericktown, Mo. 
He performed military duty at Pilot Knob, and 



went later on an expedition up the St. Francis 
River. The Jiext removal to Sulphur Springs 
took place Oct. 25th, and in January orders 
were received to join Gen. Grant's forces at 
Cairo for the Fort Donelson campaign. Until 
March the time was passed there, the regiment 
being in gray uniform and in practical retire- 
ment in consequence. When equipped in 
regulation blue, the command made connection 
with the forces of General Pope and occupied 
the rifie pits near Point Pleasant, Mo., and 
afterwards took part in the Siege of New Madrid, 
going, April 7th, in pursuitof the rebels after the 
action at and Siege of Island No. 10 and after- 
wards, to the rear of Corinth via Hamburg Land- 
ing, with Pope's army. The regiment moved on 
the 1st of May, 1862, to a position near Farm- 
ington where they were in the brunt of tlie 
action on the 9tli and won the warmest com- 
mendations from the superior officers for per- 
fect discipline and marked bravery. Pope's 
command was assumed by Halleck and. May 
28tli, 1862, the regiment followed his leader- 
ship to the Siege of Corinth and had, on that 
date, a skirmish at Booneville. From Septem- 
ber loth to the 20th it was in the reserve but 
under fire at luka, and fought at Corinth 
October ord and 4th, where the regiment lost 
heavily. The 2nd of November found the 
command en route to Grand Junction and left 
that place in December to co-operate with 
Grant, performing varied duty througli the 
winter and early spring (Dec. 18th the regiment 
was assigned to the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 
15th Corps, Army of the 'Pennessee.) March 
and April were passed in marching and severe 
duty in preparing for the events planned and 
consummated by Grant for the capture of 
\"icksburg. May 14tli, young Weissert fought 



144 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



under Sherman at Jackson and participated 
in tlie assault upon and sulisequent move- 
ments in the Siege of Vicksl)urg until July. 
On his roster are also Meclianicsburg, May 
25th, the action of May 22, Richmond, La., 
June 15th, Canton, October 13tli, Sherman's 
Meridian expedition January 27, LS64, and 
all possible varieties of military duty in- 
cident to the most memorai)le cam])aign of 
the war. After veteranizing in the spring 
the regiment made connection with the com- 
mand of Jianks as "Sherman's contingent" 
in the Red River expedition and Weissert 
was with his regiment in the charge at 
Fort Scurry, March IGth. Two days later, 
he fought at Fort de Russy, at Henderson's 
Hiils March 21st, Natchitoches, March 31st, 
Pleasant Hill, April 9th, Bayou Rapids, Mav 
4th, Marksville, May 14th and 16th, Ba- 
you De Glaize, May 17th to lOth, and returned 
again to Vicksburg later in the month. He 
was in the expedition to Geenville, Miss., and, 
fought at Chicot, June 3rd and Gth. He went 
afterwards to St. Charles, Davall's Bluff and to 
Brownsville, arriving there September 2nd. On 
the 17th be was in the pursuit of Price through 
Arkansas and Missouri, making a march of SIG 
miles, and fought at Nashville, Dec. 15th and 
16th. Mr. Weissert was made Sergeant Major of 
the 8th and was made Captain by brevet to rank 
from June 6, lS(i4, his commission having been 
granted " for conspicuous bravery during the 
Red River expedition and for gallantry at J^ake 
Chicot June 6tb, 1864, and at Nashville, Dec. 
16th, 1864." In the latter action he was se- 
verely wounded by a .sharpshooter, receiving a 
ball in his left leg. The circumstances under 
which it was received are ])rima facie evidence 
of the fact that the volunteer soldiers had quite 
as much to do with the success of the Union 
arms as the commanders. When the armj^ 
•was in the line of battle at Nashville, Sergeant 
Major Weissert traversed the lines to ascertain 
whether his regiment was properly supplied 
with ammunition, and when the duty was com- 
pleted, he received orders from Col. Britton, 
the commander of the 8th, to remain with 
headquarters at the rear to make up the 
regimental returns, then 15 days behind, 
on account of the constant campaigning of 
the regiment. About the same moment the 
order to advance was given and when the 
Colonel chanced sometime later, to go along 
the line, he found Sergeant Major Weis- 



sert in his position with the regiment. He 
reminded him of his Order and received the 
following reply from the Sergeant Major : " I 
deemed this my place and thought I would go 
with the regiment, and linish the reports after 
the battle." Soon after lie was with the ad- 
vance of the line which opened the battle 
of Nashville, on the extreme right Dec. 15th, 
1864. About two in the afternoon, the "8th" 
was with Hubbard's brigade in a charge on 
a fort, the command capturing more prisoners 
than the brigade numbered. Soon after. Ser- 
geant Major Weissert was wounded as stated, 
while his regiment was preparing to charge the 
second line of rebels, and was carried to the rear 
and sent trom the field hospital to New Al- 
bany, Ind,. When able, he was removed to 
Wisconsin under special requisition from the 
Governor of Wisconsin for his return to the 
jurisdiction of that commonwealth. 

After the battle of Nashville and the subse- 
quent campaign and pursuit of Hood's Army, 
tlie 8th with a large number of the troops be- 
longing to Thomas' army, were ordered to 
Mobile and took an active ]iart in the siege and 
capture of that rebel stronghold. They then 
went to Montgomery, the capital of Alabama, 
then to Selma, and were finally mustered out 
at Demopolis, Ala., Sept. 17, 1865. 

Commander Wei.ssert was appointed to a 
cadetship at the U. S. Military Academy at 
West Point, but having been unable to accept 
the appointment on account of wounds received 
in the battle, declined the same. He has suf- 
fered much from the wound, which has never 
healed, the bullet still remaining in the leg. 

Commander Weissert is the son of Michael 
anVl Magdalene (Bernard) Weissert. His father 
belonged to the commercial class and married 
a daughter of France who came to this country 
in childhood. Her family supplied several 
.soldiers to the service of Napoleon who be- 
came distinguished in tlie bloody history which 
that commander wove for Continental Europe. 
Commander Weissert was married Nov. 24, 
1869 to Mary E. Trautwin and their daughter, 
Florence E., is their only child. George C, a 
promising son, was drowned when 15 years 
old. 

Commander Weissert belongs to the foremost 
ranks of the legal fraternity of Wisconsin. He 
read for his profession under the guidance of 
Hon. W. P. Lyon, for many j'cars one of the 
Judges of the Supreme Court of Wisconsin and 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



145 



was admitted to practice in the Circuit Courts 
of the State in 1869. In the following year he 
was admitted to practice in the higher court of 
the State and in the Federal and Supreme 
Courts of the United States. He held by ap- 
pointment from the (Jovernment several civil 
j)ositions, and he was a number of years an in- 
fluential and prominent member of the Mil- 
waukee School Board. He was, for a long 
time, Chairman of the Hign School Committee 
and the sjjlendid building which adds its share 
to the fine apjiearance of the Cream City is 
largely due to the jiersistent and untiring 
efforts of Commander VVeissert. He refused a 
third appointment in view of professional duty 
and a contemj)lated visit to Europe. 

He became a member of the Order of the 
Grand Army in 1806 and is one of the strong- 
est members of the Order in Wisconsin and has 
been sevei'al times elected to represent his 
Post (E. B. Wolcott) in the Department En- 
campments. He was one of the i-epresenta- 
tives of the Department of Wisconsin- at St. 
Louis in 1887 at the National Encam})ment, 
and was actively jirominent at Columbus in 
securing the Encampment of 188!> for Milwau- 
kee. He has been ior years a Trustee of Wol- 
cott Post. Feb. 17, 1888, he was elected Com- 
mander of the Wisconsin Department for one 
year. 

At this writing, 1888, Commander Weissert 
is at the acme of life. Li the prime of man- 
hood, successful in business, popular among 
his fellow-men, trusted by his former comrades 
in arms, he evidences the representative Amer- 
ican citizen. He is descended from ancestral 
stock synonymous with liberty in a struggle 
for freedom which forms one of the most glori- 
ous pages in the history of the world and, in 
his career and private life alike, he sustains the 
prestige of his descent, his nationality and his 
heritage of patriotism. His portrait, which is 
placed at the beginning of the soldier's depart- 
ment of this w'ork was copied from a photo- 
graph taken in 1888. (Current year.) 

EORGE W. DRAKE, first Wisconsin 
\ soldier killed in the War of the Rebel- 
lion. This name, which will live 
forever on the pages of the history of 
Wisconsin and grace tbo.se of the annals of the 




country for which he was a martyr, represenis 
one who was but a boy when he fell at Martins- 
burg, or Falling Waters, Ya. He was born 
Aug. 25, 1842, in the city of Philadelphia. He 
resided in Milwaukee after he was 13 years old 
and was in the employ of a railroad corpora- 
tion when the war between the North and South 
begun. He enlisted in April, 1861, in Com- 
pany A, 1st Wisconsin Infantry and was among 
the first to hasten to the aid of the Nation. 
June 9th following he left the State for scenes 
of prospective warfare in ^'irginia and, Jul}' 
2ncl, in the skirmish named above, he was the 
only soldier killed on the field. The fatal Ind- 
ict pierced his breast, passed through his body 
and was afterwards removed from his knap- 
sack. His death was almost instantaneous and 
his dying breath faded in the words " what will 
mother say ? " His innate nobleness of char- 
acter rose to the sublimity of the liighest chiv- 
alry in the supreme moment when, knowing 
himself to be in the border-land of the infinite 
he remembered what her faithful mother heart 
would suffer. His body was tenderly cared for, 
prepared for burial and laid beside the remains 
of a soldier of the Revolution on the banks of 
the Potomac at Williamsport, Md. This sacred 
obligation was discharged by Captain Ken- 
nedy, a Unionist resident in that vicinity who 
had fought in 1812, and there he still lies, his 
friends, on learning the circumstances of Cap- 
tain Keiniedy's considerate kindness, declin- 
ing to disturb the dust of him whose short 
record as a hero honors this page. Battle- 
scarred veterans of the Civil War at Milwau- 
kee have acknowledged their veneration of his 
memory in the name of G. A. R. Post Geo. W. 
>!- Drake, No. 223. 

He was the son of William and Martha Jane 
(Carr) Drake. The former was a native of Phil- 
adelphia and died in Milwaukee, May 10, 1886, 
where he had been a respected citizen since 
1855. The wife and mother survives and is a 
lady who has won a reputation for womanly 
character excelled by few of her generation. 
She was born in Philadelphia and represents 
some of the stanchest blood in our composite 
Nationality. Her father fought in 1812, and 
in every generation, her ancestors were distin- 
guished for patriotism. James Carr, her brother, 
went to N'irginia about the date of the war in 
charge of a force of laborers to fulfil a railroad 
contract and, with his men, enlisted as soon as 
his services were needed by his country. Mr. 



146 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



Carr and all his men, with one exception, were 
killed at Bull Run. His young wife died, 
broken hearted, six months afterward. 



'^'^^-^^t^^^ 



f/W/K ^I'^ION F. HUMES, first Wisconsin 
soldier to fall in battle in the Civil 




War. He was born Feb. 17, 1843 
"in Janesville, Wis., and was inher- 
ently a son of the Commonwealth. He typified 
the spirit which fostered his inheritance as a 
citizen of the Republic in his enrollment as a 
soldier in defence of his country when still a boy. 
It is a remarkable fact that the catalogue of 
Wisconsin mai'tyrs is led by the names of two 
youth, instead of by those of reflective, ex- 
pei'ienced men. 

Marion F. Humes was the son of Amos and 
Susan Ann (Vreeland) Humes and was fifth in 
order of birth of a family of seven children. 
It is remembered of his last days in Wisconsin 
that he was making every possible struggle to 
fit himself, as he expre.ssed it with tears on 
being disappointed, in obtaining a position at 
Milton to work to pay his way in college "for 
doing some good in the world." 

But he won a prouder distinction than that 
of a student. He enlisted in April, 1861 in the 
"Belle City Rifles" which was mustered in as 
Company F, 2nd Wisconsin Infantry. On 
many pages of this work the story of that gallant 
organization is told and he was the first to win 
distinction on the field of Bull Run. July 21st, 
when advancing in the line of battle, a round 
shot from a six-pound field piece struck the 
ground, ricochetted and passed through the 
ranks of company F, shattering the gun of a 
man in front and carrying away the arm of 
Marion Humes. He started fou the hospital, 
which his comrades believed he reached, but 
nothing is definitely known about his fate. All 
the particulars of him afterwards are in the 
realm of mystery, save that he came not back. 

But on historic pages, in the hearts of sur- 
viving friends and relatives and in frequent 
mention with hushed breath and quivering 
lips, his venerated memory lives. 




ILLIAM HENRY HARRISON 
BLINN, Antigo, Wis., member 
of G. A. R. Post No. 78, is one 
of the most prominent ex-soldiers 
in Northern Wisconsin. He isjustly considered 
one of the strongest men of that section of the 
Badger State from his character as a citizen, his 
record as a soldier and his unblemished repu- 
tation as a man. He is the son of George H. and 
Sophronia (Spencer) Blinn. The former was 
born in Averment and the latter at Ticonderoga 
and she was descended from ancestors who 
fought in both wars with Great Britain. Mr. 
Blinn received a careful primary education 
which was supplemented by four years attend- 
ance at the academy at Lowville and in '59 he 
entered the scientific department at Yale Col- 
lege at New Haven, Conn., which he quitted 
during the first months of the war when about 
half way through a course of study. 

He was born .Jan. 13, 1841, in Moriah, Essex 
Co., New York, and was not quite 20 years old 
when the civil war broke out. On the day of 
the disaster at Bull Run, Jul}'- 21, 1861, he en- 
listed in Company C, 9th New York .Infantry 
(Hawkin's Zouaves) at New York City for two 
years. He received honorable discharge Mav 
20, 1863, at New York. The members of the 
regiment believed that they were mustered into 
service under the call for 75,000 troops for 
three months, and the recruits, (to which por- 
tion Mr. Blinn belonged), understood that they 
were mustered for two years. At the expira- 
tion of three months, the former refu.sed to 
serve longer but agreed to fight if attacked by 
the forces of Magruder, which was eminent. 
General Butler was in command of the depart- 
ment to which the regiment was assigned and 
he ordered them out at Newport News under 
arms. A battery of " regulars " with shotted 
guns were placed in their rear. General But- 
ler and the colonel of the regiment were in 
front of the command when the Color Sergeant 
walked forward and stated to General Butler 
that if the regiment was fired on by the bat- 
tery, the regiment would fire on him person- 
SiWy in retaliation. This settled the matter and 
"Old Cockeye" withdrew the battery. The 
regiment formed in a hollow square and Gen- 
eral Butler proceeded to argue the case. He 
claimed that the records of Governor Morgan 
showed the command as a two years regiment 
and he appealed to their patriotism to fulfill 
the exhibit. He asked those who were unwil- 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



147 



ling to serve two years to advance and all but 
50 did so, who were sent at once to the Rip- 
Raps. A few weeks after they returned to 
duty. This incident illustrates the injustice 
and wrong to which soldiers are sometimes sub- 
jected by the carelessness of authorities. Mr. 
Blinn made connection with the regiment at 
Newport News .July 25th, and went thence in 
August to Hatteras Inlet, subsequent to the 
capture of Forts Hatteras and Clark. It 
was determined that the situation was feasi- 
ible for advantageous operations of troops, 
and the gunboat " Pawnee " and 300 men 
were stationed to hWd the inlet. They re- 
mained 13 days without Government rations, 
subsisting on captured flour, molasses and lard, 
and much sickness resulted. General Butler 
assurad tiie detail stationed at the inlet that 
they should share equally with the sailors and 
marines in all prizes captured. The " Pawnee " 
flew the confederate flag and made 13 seizures 
of valuable prizes, but tlie members of the 
land force never received their share of prize 
money nor commutation on their 13 days lost 
rations. They remained there until Burnside 
came to Hatteras in January, J 862, when they 
went to Roanoke Island. In the action of Feb. 
8, 1862, the 9th New York captured a masked 
battery on the island, charging up a corduroy 
road, driving the rebels at the point of tlie bay- 
onet and capturing their colors. Company C 
took the colors, which were desperately de- 
fended by the confederate Color Sergeant, who 
fought as only a brave man could in their de- 
fense and was knocked down before he surren- 
dered his trust. After the action, the com- 
mand moved up the Chowan River to Winton, 
purposing to destroy a bridge, but the bluff 
was lined with masked batteries and the rebels 
fired on them at short range, the river being so 
narrow that the boats could not be turned and 
placed in position to obtain the elevation 
of the guns and it became necessary to 
withdraw, but this disappointment was com- 
pensated for on the next day, as they reached 
Winton, which was burned with a large quan- 
tity of confederate army stores. The next ac- 
tion in wliich the 9th New York participated 
was at Camden or South Mills, April 19, 1862, 
where they met and rejiulsed the celebrated 
Georgia " 3rd " and very nearly captured the 
confederate flag, the ensign over which Jeff 
Davis sniveled at Macon, Ga., in 1887. In this 
fight Mr. Blinn was wounded in the right knee 



and remained at the hospital on Roanoke 
Island until he rejoined his regiment at Fred- 
ericksburg in July. The regiment had been 
made a part of the 9th Army Corps. Park's 
division was detached from the corps to fight 
at the second Bull Run and Mr. Blinn was in 
that action with the 1st Brigade, General Reno 
commanding the corps. After the retreat, the 
command went to the defense of Washington 
and in the Maryland campaign fought at South 
Mountain, occupying a position on the extreme 
left and repulsing a desperate charge in which 
General Reno was killed. General Rodman 
was placed in command and the corps was next 
in action at Antietam and went tlience to 
Sharpsburg and drove the right wing of Lee's 
army more than a mile. The destruction of 
Lee's command would have been assured if 
support could have been supplied at the right 
moment. The confederate army under D. H. 
Hill stopped their further progress and they 
returned to the river where they held their 
position. In the action at Sharpsburg, the 9th 
New York went into action with 436 men 
and at roll call, 263 were in the list of killed 
and wounded. The regiment remainad until 
late fall in Pleasant Valley, Md., and went 
thence over tlie old Bull Run battlefield to 
Warrenton Junction, where Burnside super- 
seded McClellan and moved thence to winter 
quarters ot Fredericksburg, where they fought 
later on and were also in the scrimmage at the 
bridge and ferried across and took possession 
of the city about dark, Dec. 13, 1862. Mr. 
Blinn was in the charge on Marye's Heights 
one of the most disastrious charges of the war, 
where thousands of soldiers were slaughtered 
to no purpose, and was next in action at Suf- 
folk, considered the key to the position at Nor- 
folk, which the rebels desired to blockade, and 
tliere the regiment lost about 40 men. At this 
point, Lieutenant Colonel Kimball of the 9th 
New York was killed in an altercation with a 
Federal officer. Mr. Blinn remained at Suffolk 
until the expiration of his time and took 
steamer at Norfolk, May 5th, for return to 
New York City. On arrival they were received 
with honor by the local military. During the 
siege of Suffolk, Governor Dix sent a commun- 
ication, requesting them to remain during the 
siege, although their time was nearly expired. 
The duration of the seige being indefinite they 
declined the proposition, especially as the army 
in front of Suffolk was quite sufficient without 



148- 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



them. General Dix issued an order to have 
them return to New York without their arms, 
a gross and unmerited insult which they felt 
keenly after their splendid service. After their 
arrival in New York they found their indigna- 
tion was shared by popular opinion and a mil- 
itia regiment had stacked their arms on a dock 
in readiness for them on their arrival, and thej' 
marched through New York fully equipped 
and escorted by Dodworth's celebrated band 
without let or hindrance of General Dix. 

Mr. Blinn came to Wisconsin in July, 1863 
and engaged in farming several years in Wau- 
paca county. He then gave his attention to the 
acquisition of the trade of jeweler and watch- 
maker, which he followed at Waupaca until 
April, 1882, when he moved to Antigo, then in 
its incipiency, and established a prosperous 
business. He was married Oct. 21, 18<)3 to Helen 
E. Fisher and their only son is named .John 
Warren in remembranceof his two greatgrand- 
fathers. Mrs. Blinn was born in Essex county. 
New York and, on her mother's side, is allied to 
the family from which Edward Eggleston, the 
author, descended. They date back to the May- 
flower and the father of her mother was de- 
scended from John Winslow of Mayflower fame. 
Her paternal great uncle, James Smith, was a 
soldier in 1812 at Plattsburg and her cousin, 
Oakley Smith, enlisted in the late war in the 
118th New York Infantry and starved to death 
at Anderson ville. Edgar Welch, another rela- 
tive in the same regiment, was taken prisoner 
by the rebels and held at Salisbury and other 
points in the South, barely escaping with his 
life. 

It is impossible to place on these pages an 
adequate representation of the relations of Mr. 
Blinn to the community in which he resides. 
He is trusted, honored and beloved and is one 
of a Commission appointed by Judge Eli Waste 
to care for the fund for the relief of indigent 
soldiers of Langlade county. 



AMES HOWARD JENKINS. In the 
personal records from which this vol- 
ume is compiled, the entire history of 
the war of theUnion may be read. In 
point of fact, these, and others of similar pur- 
pose, will, eventually, stand first in point of value 
to the historian of the future, who shall tell the 



story, after those who made the history, shall 
have passed whence " cometh neither voice nor 
cry." Mr. Jenkins is a representative of all 
that is meant in tlie terms " loyal citizen and 
soldier for tlie Union." 

He is a descendant of honorable ancestors 
who took interest in the march of progress in 
the earliest days of this country, and exempli- 
fied it by removing to the New World in 1640, 
the year in which John Jenkins, from whom 
Mr. Jenkins is the seventh in succession, settled 
in Scituate, Mass. The family spread through 
several portions of New 4^ngland and became 
active in the events which marked the period 
as one of importance to the whole world. The 
paternal grandsire of Mr. Jenkins was a captain 
of artillery in the second war with Great 
Britain. He was born Jan. 24, 1841, in Bangor, 
Penobscot Co., Maine. At the age of eight he 
went to Boston, where he reached the age of 
legal manhood, growing up under the influ- 
ences which found expression in his prompt 
response to the cry that echoed from the im- 
perilled battlements of Fort Sumter. Within 
the first month of threatened chaos in national 
affairs, he enrolled in the Boston Light Infan- 
try, Company A. He was sworn into service 
for three months and the command was de- 
tailed for garrison duty at Fort Warren in the 
harbor of Boston. Mr. Jenkins was a little 
more than 20 years of age. As soon as his first 
enlistment expired, he again enrolled as a sol- 
dier, enlisting in Company A, Twelfth Massa- 
chusetts Infantry for three years or the war. 
On the organization of his company he was 
made Sergeant and was promoted later to the 
respective positions of Orderly Sergeant and 
Sergeant Major. In July, 1862, he was com- 
missioned 2nd Lieutenant of Company B, 21st 
Wisconsin Infantry. That command was mus- 
tered into service Sept. 5, 1862, at Oshkosh 
with a complement of 960 men. In November, 
1862, he was promoted to 1st Lieutenant and 
Adjutant of the same regiment. He served in 
those positions until he was captured at the 
battle of Chickamauga, Sept. 20, 1863, and the 
remainder of the time until April, 1865, he was 
a part of the record that has fastened upon the 
Southern portion of the United States, a stigma 
which the tears of heaven could never efface. 
A man who endured for 18 months the inflicted 
pangs of prisons under the fury and relentless- 
ness of rebel venom, deserves the best that the 
pages of history can bestow. 



PERSONAL EECORDS. 



149 



While a member of tlie 12th Massachusetts, 
Mr. Jenkins was a member of the Army of the 
Potomac. His command was attached to the 
corps of General Banks and he enjoyed the 
experiences of the famous retreat up the valley 
of the Shenandoch. The whole is summed 
up in the statistics of the march of the 
25th and 26th of May, 1862, when the army 
traversed 53 miles in 48 hours, 35 being ac- 
complished in one day. He went with Mc- 
Dowell in his attempt to make a stand at Fred- 
ericksburg, and his regiment was a portion of 
the assignment that moved under the command 
of Pope forward to the Kapidan and back to 
the Rappahannock. October 21, 1861, lie was 
under rebel lire at the celebrated battle of Ball's 
Bin ft and, at Cedar Mountain, Aug. 8tli, 1862, 
and again on the 30th day of the same month, 
fought at the second battle of Bull Run. .Just 
two months after the disaster of Ball's Bluttj 
he met the rebels in the 21st Wisconsin at the 
battle of Perryville, Oct. 8, 1862. On the last 
day of the same year, he was again in action at 
Stone River, and tasted the delights of that 
success of the Federal army. On the 5th day 
of January, lie was stationed at Murfreesboro, 
building fortifications and engaged in the 
duties pertaining to warfare in its comparative 
inactive season until June 21st, when the com- 
mand moved upon Tullahoma, where Mr. 
Jenkins was in action two days later. The 
conquering host was proceeding to cross the 
mountains below Chattanooga, when the rebels 
in great numbers were encountered at Dug 
Gap, and a hasty retreat was made in which the 
21st was in the rear guard. September 19th, 
the command, with the army, took position at 
one of the fords of the Chickamauga, the 
" River of Death." On the second day he 
was captured by the rebels and was sent to the 
prison at Atlanta, Ga. He registered success- 
ively at the hotels under rebel regime at 
Libb}', Danville, Macon, Savannah, Charleston, 
Columbia and Raleigh. His stay at some of 
the last named was exceedingly brief, owing to 
the attention of authorities, who seemed 
anxious to give their guests as broad a knowl- 
edge of their territory as possible under the 
suggestions of General- Sherman and his ad- 
vancing forces. Finally, Mr. Jenkins with a 
vast throng of ragged, starving, shivering, hat- 
less, barefooted, emaciated, filthy, vermin-cov- 
ered and altogether forlorn wretches were 
marched to Wilmington to be exchanged. It 



is safe to conjecture that such another pro- 
cession will never again traverse the .soil of 
this united coluitry. Every rod of that pro- 
gress was marked with uni)arallelled suffering; 
gaunt, griiii, haggard, every line of every face- 
marked with the ravages of a privation too 
miserable to be depicted with word or brush, 
every form crippled and stooping with a burden 
of endurance too bitter to recall with jiatience 
—think of this picture, sons and beneficiaries 
of those who made this weary journey and try 
to realize their emotions as they passed into 
redemption under the Stars and Stripes m 
March, 1865 ! Twenty years after, they tell 
their stories and affirm that the cause for 
which they endured was worth all they suf- 
fered. During the period of his captivity, Mr. 
Jenkins made two escapes but was recaptured. 
From Wilmington he went to Camp Parole at 
Annapolis, where he received leave of absence 
for 30 days. He resigned in the month follow- 
ing after being connected with the military 
service of the United States for a period of 
four years and one day. 

Mr. Jenkins returned to Oshkosh, where he 
has since been a citizen. He is a member of 
G. A. R. Post No. 241, and belongs to the 
Chicago Commandery of the Military Order of 
the Loyal Legion. 



^¥r 




HARLES CARROLL TOWNSEND, 
a merchant and Justice of the Peace 
at Merrill, (1888) and a member of 
Grand Army Post No. 131, was born 
Aug. 11, 1842 in Alexander, Genesee Co., New 
York, and is the son of Cester C. and Carolina 
(De Marie) Townsend. His father was of 
English extraction, several generations re- 
moved. The mother was born in Attica, N. Y., 
and was of French lineage. The senior Town- 
send removed his family and interests to Chi- 
cago about 1848 and thence successively to Be- 
loitand .Janesville, Wis. At the latter place he 
became prominent through his abilities and 
was the first to hold the position of Register 
of Deeds in Rock County. Later he went to 
Neenah and operated as Qty Treasurer and 
was also connected with a bank there as cash- 
ier. He was also Justice of the Peace for a 
number of years and was accounted one of the 
best business men in that section of Wisconsin. 



15U 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



Mr. Townsend was educated at Neenah and 
attended Lawrence University at Appleton. 
Before he was li), the exigency of civil war 
awaivened liini to a sense of his own intimate 
relations to the impending difficulties in which 
the National Goverment was involved and he 
early determined to risk the fate of war. Tlie 
disasters of the first months of the conflict 
hastened his action and he enlisted Sept. 1, 
1861 in Company C, 1st Wisconsin Cavalry, at 
Ripon for three years. He was made Corporal 
at the formation of the company, was promoted 
to 1st Duty Sergeant at Benton Barracks in the 
spring of 1862 and in September, 1863, he was 
made Orderly Sergeant and placed in command 
of the comjjany. With his company he went 
to Benton Barracks, St. Louis, thence to Cape 
Girardeau and soon after, .to Bloomtield. At 
Chalk Bluff he was in a skirmish and from 
Bloomtield the woi-k accomplished by the com- 
mand .scouting, skirmishing, fording marshes 
"with and without bottoms", suti'ering for water 
and food and marching in pursuit of rebels 
won for them abundant commendations for 
effectiveness. The fall of that year found the 
regiment in terrible condition from illness and 
the soldiers recruited at Helena. At Cape 
Girardeau, Mr. Townsend had his first ex- 
perience in regular battle, after which he 
passed the summer with the command, which 
was furnished with new equipments and 
made ready for activity again at Chickamauga, 
and later made connection with Sherman's 
army, fighting at Buzzard's Roost and Resaca, 
at Dallas, Kenesaw and Atlanta. But Mr. 
Townsend had a private history of his own, in 
which he will appear on the.se, as on otlier 
pages of llistor3^ October 1st, 1864 he was in a 
detail to drive and fight Wheeler. As the r<-gi- 
ment approached to make the charge at An- 
derson's Gap in the Sequatchie ^^llley, Ser- 
geants Townsend and Dunham sprang forward 
in advance and met the advance of the rebels 
first and single-handed. Townsend cut down 
a rebel who had sighted his revolver on Colonel 
LaGrange and Color-Sergeant Dunham un- 
seated a rebel with his fiag staff. In another 
instant the regiment drove the rebels, perform- 
ing almost miracles. The action was illustrated 
in Leslie's pictorial paper and Colonel La- 
Grange personally thanked Mr. Townsend for 
his life. Both Townsend and Dunham were 
recommended for promotion and the com- 
mission of the former as 1st Lieutenant was 



issued. But he was away on unavoidable 
business and the command was mustered out, 
less two of its commissioned officers, one of 
whom was 1st Lieutenant Townsend. Suc- 
ceeding this exploit he was detailed as a scout 
until the affair at Dandridge where, Jan. 17th, 
he was captured and he wasted in rebel prisons 
for about a year after the expiration of his term 
of enlistment. He was an athlete of splendid 
physique, which he inherited from his ma- 
ternal grandfather, known as one of the most 
powerful men in New York in his generations, 
and was a trained gymnast, weighing 204 
pounds. When exchanged he weighed 98 
pounds and when turned over to the authori- 
ties at Annapolis he was almost demented and 
was wholly wrecked, physically. He received 
discharge at Madison, Wis., in July, 1865' 

After he returned to his friends every ef- 
fort was made to restore him to his former con- 
dition and he is now in good healtli appar- 
entl}', weighing 180 pounds but with nervous 
system hopelessly shattered. During his ser- 
vice he was wounded twice, but not severely 
enough to send him to hospital or cause the 
lo.ss of a day of duty. He returned to Neenah 
and after recruiting for a time there, he went 
to Colorado and passed tlie summer of 1866 in 
travel through the western territories and at 
Leadville, then California Gulch. Returning in 
good health, he opened a grocery at Neenah, 
which enterprise he conducted for two years. 
In 1871 he went to Rockford, 111., where he 
managed a flour and feed establishment, re- 
turning thence to Fond du Lac, where he be- 
came niterested in the manufacture of pumps. 
In 1881 he went to Merrill, and has since op- 
erated in a commercial line. He was made a 
magistrate within that year, has been Alder- 
man of his Ward, a member of the Republican 
County Committee and of the District Commit- 
tee. He is Quartermaster of his Post. 

The marriage of Mr. Townsend and May A. 
Reynolds occurred Oct. 15, 1872, and their 
chil.dren are six in number named in the or- 
der of their birth : — Harvey, G. Ray, Charles 
Carroll, William B., Harold and Esther May. 
G. W. Reynolds, the father of Mrs. Townsend, 
was an old and respected citizen of Rockford, 
111., and a descendant from good New England 
stock, as was her mother, Her brother James 
was educated in a military school and was a 
Major in the war with the South. 



PERSONAL EECORDS. 



151 




OBERT H. JOHNSON, proprietary 
editor of the Central Wiftconsiri, a 
leading journal at Wausau, Wis., is 
a representative citizen of Noithern 
Wisconsin and as sucii, has been identified with 
the interests of tluit section of the Badger State 
for more than two decades, during which, his 
energy, persistence and foresight have been 
factors of inestimable benefit to a part of Wis- 
consin, whose strides in growth and material 
progress of the best type have been a source of 
credit to its community and of just pride in 
the Commonwealth at large. 

He was born March 20, 1846 in Mil- 
waukee, Wis. His parents, Robert H. and 
Catherine (Ben) Johnson, were both born in 
Ireland and were descendants of well-to-do and 
cultured families. The former was an architect 
and a man of education. The mother died in 
1851 and the father in 1858. The son was 
thenceforward under the care of li is grandfather 
and aunt, and was placed at school in the 
University of Notre Dame, South Bend, Ind. 
He was about 16 when he was interested iu the 
event that was attracting the attention of the 
civilized world — the Civil War — and in com- 
pany Avith a chum, James O'Keefe, he ran away 
to Chicago to enlist. Fel». 2d, 1862 they en- 
rolled at Camp Douglas in Cbnipany A, 58th 
Illinois Infantrj'. Dec. 24th, nine companies 
were mustered into service and the tenth on 
February 11th. The regiment left camp 887 
strong for Cairo to report to Brig. General E. A. 
Paine. Thence on the Ohio and Cumberland 
Rivers, they proceeded to participate in the siege 
of Fort Donelson. The command was assigned 
to the 3rd Brigade of the 3rd Division, under 
Col. J. M. Thayer, 1st Nebraska Infantry. Later 
in the day of action it was temporarily attached 
to the 2nd Division under Col. C. F. Smith and 
went into the fight of Februar}' 14th without sui- 
table arms or jjrevious military drill as an organ- 
ization. Their fighting throughout the action 
of the day won for the command the highest 
encomiums. The next day the regiment was 
reattached to its first assignment and was again 
in battle, receiving the fire of a masked battery, 
which made havoc with their organization and 
discipline, which was however (juickily reme- 
died. After tlie battle it became known that, 
owing to a blunder of their Commissary, the 
regiment had been without rations from Friday 
until Sunday morning, notwithstanding which, 
and their almost worthless arms and equip- 



ments, they acted with the coolness and dis- 
cipline of veterans. The weather was very 
cold and no fires allowed. The regiment 
strengthened its record at Shiloh and in the 
desultory figliting in the vicinity of Corinth. 
Also at luka and the second fight at Corinth in 
September, did the "58th" sustain its reputa- 
tion. After Corinth the command was attached 
to the force which moved towards Vicksburg 
and, in the vicinity of that city, passed the 
winter. In tlie spring the command was in 
varied situations, chtising Marmaduke into 
Arkansas and, after the skirmi.shing and actions 
about Vicksburg were terminated, went on the 
Tupelo expedition. 

In .Junuary, 1864, Mr. Johnson veteranised 
in the field and took his furlough and the fir.st 
active operation in which he afterwards partici- 
pated was in the Oxford raid, followed by the 
chase of Price in the spring into Kansas 
through Missouri. Immediately after return, 
the regiment went on the Meridian expedition 
and as soon as tliat vain march was over, was 
assigned to the land forces of the Red River 
expedition. Mr. Johnson was in the attack on 
Fort de Russey and, on the capitulation, was 
one of the first to mount the parapet with the 
color bearer, to plant the United States banner 
over another stronghold of the confederacy. 
He fought in the actions at Pleasant Hill, 
Cloutiersville and Marksville. He went with 
his command to Kansas in October and re- 
turned to aid Thomas at Nashville in December 
and to take a hand in the final dispersion of 
Hood's army. Early in 1865 he was in the 
assignment to the force of General Canby to 
move towards Mobile. After Nashville he was 
detailed as Orderly " on the personal staff of 
Surgeon Henry M. Crawford, and afterwards as 
Orderly on the staff of General Garrard and, 
later, was made Special Orderly at the head- 
quarters of Major-General Charles R. Wood, 
Commander of the Department of Alabama. 
Aug. 29, 1865, he was ordered to report to 
Major Fred H. Wilson, as Despatch Orderly. 
He received final discharge at Mobile, Ala., 
April 1st, 1866, after a service of four years 
and two months. He was not twenty when he 
returned to civil life. In April of the same 
year he went to Wausau and sought employ- 
ment, accepting the first thing that ottered. 
Hitherto, he had not accomplished much in 
the way of waiting for opportunity, either 
making it himself or going more than half-way 



152 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



to meet it, and, as saw-mill hands, loggers and 
woodsmen were always in demand he engaged 
in those occupations and also ran the river on 
kimber rafts on the Wisconsin. He passed the 
months in a varied manner until Oct. 14, 1868, 
when he became owner by purchase of the 
Central Wmoihsin which he has since conducted. 
It had been a journal of the democratic ele- 
ment and the new management converted it to 
Republicanism of a radical stripe, enlarging 
and improving the sheet until it assumed the 
leading position in journalism in that section 
of Wisconsin which it has since maintained. 
The mercurial, aggressive and coiu-ageous tem- 
perament of the proprietor have been manifest 
in the management of the paper and he has 
been a power in journalism of no mean caliber. 
His was the first Republican journal in Mara- 
thon county and his busmess broadened until 
more commodious accommodations became a 
necessity, to meet which he erected- in 1880 a 
two-story brick block which is one of the sub- 
stantial edifices of Wausau. In this, steam 
power in the newspaper business was, for the 
first time, introduced in that portion of the 
State. Mr. Johnson established the first daily 
paper in Northern Wisconsin which he con- 
tinued through the campaign of 1884. He 
also published a German paper of Republican 
principles two years, suspending it when its 
purpose was accomplished. 

Jan. 13, 1876, Mr. Johnson was appointed 
Postmaster by President Grant and was re- 
appointed successively by Presidents Hayes 
and Arthur, Jan. 8, 1880, and Feb. 8, 1884. In 
February, 1885, he was relieved by Grover 
Cleveland, for offensive partisanship. Prior to 
this, he held the appointment of Internal 
Revenue Gauger for the 6th District of Wis- 
consin. He has held the office of Senior Vice 
Commander of Lysander Cutler Post No. 55, 
G. A. R., and is its present Commander, (1888.) 

Mr. Johnson and Caroline, daugliter of Col. 
James Alban, were united in marriage Dec, 27, 
1875 and they are the parents of two surviving 
children — Clara Marie and Robert H. A 
daughter, Maud Cora, died in 1882 when a 
little more than one j'ear old. 




EBASTIAN OSTERTAG, of Oshkosh, 
and a member of G. A. R. Post, 241, 
was born April 21, 1839 in Wurtem- 
burg, Germany. He enlisted in the 
military service of the United States at r'shkosh 
in April, 1861, in Company E, 2nd Regiment 
Wisconsin Infantiy. His first enlistment was 
for three months, but, in common with 35 
companies who transferred their enrolment to 
satisfy the new requisition to three years, he 
re-enlisted The date of the latter was June 
11, 1861. He received honorable discharge 
June 16, 1864, on account of the expiration of 
his term. 

The regiment went into quarters at Camp 
Randall where its experiences savored of those 
in a more exposed position in the front, the 
weather being inclement and clothing and 
shelter being far from the quality to which 
they were accustomed. The regiment pro- 
ceeded to Washington, June 20th, confident 
that the war would last but a short time and 
their route to the capital was, for the most 
part, that of an excursion party until they 
reached Baltimore when they passed through 
the city with loaded pieces ready for action if 
necessary. They remained in Washington and 
its vicinity until July I5th, when preparations 
were made for a move forward to join the 
Union forces in the contemplated attack on 
Bull Run. Three days later, they arrived at 
Centerville. An hour after, the brigade re- 
ceived orders to go on the double quick to the 
support of General Tyler at Blackburn's Ford. 
Company E received no injury, although the 
command was exposed to sharp firing. At the 
battle of Bull Run, July 21st, Mr. Ostertag was 
wounded, a shot hitting him in the right thigh. 
He was taken to the regimental hospital and 
treated by Dr. Russell, the surgeon in charge. 
The organization of "The Iron Brigade" 
appears on many other pages in this work and 
as a member of the 2nd Wisconsin which 
formed the nucleus of it, Mr. Ostertag, can say, 
" of all this I was a part." In the succeeding 
months of 1861 and the beginning of 1862 the 
command was in the movements in the vicinity 
of Washington. In August of that year the 
movement known to history as " Pope's Re- 
treat" was made and in the action at Beverly's 
Ford, on the 21st, Mr. Ostertag was in a skir- 
mish with the rebels. Seven days later, at the 
famous battle of Gainesville, he was in the furi- 
ous encounter with the division of Stonewall 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



153 



Jackson and received a wound in his right liip. 
He was sent to St. Joseph's hospital at Pliila- 
delphia where he remained until about a week 
before Ciiristmas, I8G'2. He was then trans- 
ferred to Camp Distribution to fully recover 
health and strength and came home to be mar- 
ried. Three weeks later, he went to the front to 
rejoin his TCgiment. 

The first engagement with the rebels after 
that of any considerable importance in which 
he was a participant, was at Chancellorsville 
during the first days of May and on the seventh 
of that month the Iron Brigade went to Fitz 
Hugh's Crossing. In the battle of Gettysburg, 
Jul}' 1st, Mr. Ostertag was again wounded, a 
bullet passmg through his left cheek under the 
e^'e, the missile passing through his face, back of 
his nose and lodging back of liis right eye near 
his temple. The ball was removed July 11th, 
1863. He was sent to the hospital at West 
Philadelphia wliich he reached July 9th, and he 
remained there until April, 1864, when he was 
trasterred to Washington as a member of the 
Invalid Corps, in spite of his demand to return 
to his regiment. He is a great sufferer from 
the consequences of the last mentioned wound. 
It is still active and suppuration is constantly 
going on, necessitating the operation of lancing 
at intervals to permit the escape of the gath- 
ered pus. The cutting is done just below the 
ball of the right eye. 

His term of service expiring while he was 
still detained at Washington, he was there dis- 
charged and returned to Oshkosh. lie had 
worked on his father's farm previous to his en- 
listment and, after his return, he entered the 
employ of the Chicago & Northwestern rail- 
road company. In November, 1865 he com- 
menced the sale of groceries and confined to 
prosecute his interests in that vocation until he 
went to Appleton, where he remained two 
years, after which he resumed the grocery bus- 
iness in Oshkosh. He pursued that line of 
traffic for a period of 19 years altogether, and 
in 1884, embarked in the hardware business in 
which he engaged three years. He is the pos- 
sessor of a beautiful place, containing 83 acres, 
situated about two miles from Oshkosh. He 
is interested in rearing stock and general farm- 
ing. 

Mr. Ostertag was a lad of eight years when his 
parents, Valentine and Mary (Ruedinger) Oster- 
tag, removed their family to America. They 
landed at New York nnd came at once to Osh- 




kosh. Both of them are still living. Mr. Os- 
tertag was married Jan. 20, 1862, to Sophia 
Kuebler. Their children are named .lohn 
Albert, Edward Sebastian, Ida Mary, Catherine 
(died March 26, 1868, aged 16 months), Theo- 
dore Louis and Lydia Helena Sophia. Tiie 
last child died Oct. 15th, 1879, at the age of 
nine years and six months. 

April 8, 1880, Mr. Ostertag was made Cap- 
tain of the military organization known as the 
Oshkosh Rifies. He retained the position a 
year, and, after seeing the Company well drilled 
and uniformed, resigned on account of his pre- 
carious state of health. 

John Ostertag, his brother, enlisted in the 
26th Wisconsin, Co. E., in the fall of 1861 and 
died in May, 1864, at Chattanooga, Tenn. 



.■7^;^^ RADFORD P. RAYMOND, President 
"" of Lawrence University at Appleton, 
Wis., and a former soldier of the 
Civil War, was born April 22, 1846, 
in Stamford, Fairfield Co., Conn. He repre- 
sents stock which was identified with the 
earliest history of the country, being a descen- 
dant in the eighth remove from Richard Raj'- 
niond, an Englishman, who came hither in 
1634 and, after a residence in Massachusetts of 
some years, removed in 1662 to Connecticut. 
John, Thomas, Abraham (1st), Abraham (2nd), 
David, Gould and Lewis were the names of the 
forbears of President Raymond in order of 
descent, and they were all born in Connecticut. 
The patronymic is one that has been recorded in 
the history of the country at various dates with 
honor and distinction in public relations and 
in intellectual, social and other avenues re- 
flecting credit on each sucessive generation. 

Lewis Raymond married Sallie A. Jones and 
President Raymond is their fourth child and 
son. He received a common school education 
at Stamford and improved every advantage 
which these institutions afforded. He com- 
menced the profession of his life at an early 
age and taught several terms of school before 
he entered the army, wliich he did as soon as 
it was po.ssible for him to enlist. Pie was only 
15 when the factional struggle began and 
when he was 18 he became a soldier in defense 
of an integral Union. He enlisted Sep. 27, 
1864, at New York as a recruit in Company K, 



154 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



48th New York Infantry, for one year, and 
received honorable discharge Sept. 29, 1865, at 
New York, the war being over. He joint his 
regiment at Chapin's Farm, Va., and was with 
the command of General Butler when that 
officer made the fruitless expedition to Fort, 
Fisher and returned to the same location in 
Virginia. President Raymond was in the 
second expedition to Fort Fisher under Gen- 
eral Terry and was first in active warfare in one 
of the most notable actions of the war, with the 
Army of the James. When the movement to 
co-operate with Sherman was inaugurated. 
General Schofield j)repared for the occupation 
of Wilmington and President Raymond was 
one of a detail of 100 men, who followed in the 
rear of the advance to facilitate the movements 
of the forces, which were to follow, which body 
acted as repair guard. After Goldsboro was 
reached he became ill and was sent to hospital. 
After some time he rejoined his regiment at 
Goldsboro and was almost immediatly con- 
demned by the medical authorities as phyically 
unfit for active duty at the front and he was 
sent successively to hospitals at Newbern and 
Fort Schuyler. July 3rd, 1865 he received sick 
furlough and went home to Connecticut in 
broken health and remained there until dis- 
charged. 

He returned home and resumed his business 
as a teacher. In the spring of 1866 he went to 
Minnesota and, in the ensuing autumn, entered 
Hamlin University at Red Wing, Minnesota. 
He studied there three years and in 1869 ma- 
triculated at Lawrence University, whence he 
was graduated in 1870. He next studied theo- 
logy at the Boston Theological Seminary and 
filled his first pastorate in New Bedford, where he 
officiated three years as a mini.ster of the Metho- 
dist Church and then served the Chestnut St. 
Church in Providence, R. I., a similar period. 
In 1870 he went abroad to obtain the advan- 
tages of the universities of Leipsic and Got- 
tingen and passed a year in those institutions. 
After his return to his native country he was 
assigned tothe pastorate of a church at Nashua, 
N. fl., and, in the third yearof his labors there, 
he received a call to the incumbency which he 
is still holding and has discharged the duties 
of executive head of Lawrence University since 
1883. The institution is under the special 
auspices of the Methodist Church in Wisconsin 
and in his management of his trust President 
Raymond has honored himself in the most 



conspicuous manner. In adding a tribute to 
his character and life the hand which traces 
this plain account falters. It is not an easy task 
to add words which shall adequately portray 
them to the generations of the future, who will 
read of him in the coming years. Perhaps his 
own words to the graduating class of Lawrence 
University in 1888 (current year) will best ac- 
complish the purpose, as it is believed that, if 
his voice could forever reach the generations of 
the earth it would bear to them this message: 
— "Strive to accomplish the best aspirations of 
the best moments you ever saw." If he could 
himself choose his memorial it would be "I 
have tried to be a faithful teacher." 

Sep. 18, 1873 lie was married to Lulu A., 
daughter of J. 0. Rich. Of this union four 
children have been born. Watson, the first 
born child, died in early infancy. Alice J., 
Harold B. and Ruth are those who survive. 



DWARD M. KANOUSE, M. D., a 

. ^ prominent physician at Wausau, 

\!^ Wis., member of G. A. R. Post No. 
55, was born March 6, J 843 at Saline, 
Washtenau Co., Mich. He is the son of Elijah 
D. and Sarah (Wood) Kanouse. The latter was 
born in New York and the former is a native 
of New Jersey and a practicing physician at 
Madison, Wis. Theodore D. Kanouse, brother 
of Dr. E. D. Kanouse, has been promin ent in 
temperance work in Wisconsin for many years ; 
he has held the position of G. W. C. of the 
Order of Good Templars, and has occupied the 
chair of the International body, the higliest in 
the world, of Good Templars. Ira M. Kanouse, 
another brother, was in the 3rd Wisconsin 
Battery. 

Dr. Kanouse was reared by his parents and 
removed with them to Wisconsin. When he 
was 18 years of age he enlisted, Sep. J 8, 1861, 
in the 3rd Battery Wisconsin Light Artillery, 
enrolling for three years and, during his term 
of service, was made Corporal and was dis- 
charged as such Sept. 24, 1864, at Madison. He 
was first in action at Pittsburg Landing, the 
batter}' arriving on the field late in the after- 
noon of April 7th and afterwards Dr. Kanouse 
was at the siege of Corinth and crossed the 
State of Alabama with his command and en- 
gaged in the destruction of the railroads and all 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



155 



appurtenances thereto so far as possible, going 
into camp at Battle Creek below Chattanooga 
HI the Sequatchie Valley. The opposite .side of 
the river was jiicketed with rebels with whom 
the soldiers had frequent conversation. August 
20tli orders were received to move without noise 
across the river whence the command was to go 
to Louisville in pursuit of Bragg on the line 
between the rebels and Buell. Bragg was fly- 
ing witli the spoils he bad collected in Ken- 
tucky, and at Perryviile the forces met in heavy 
battle. (In this fight the affair occurred which 
resulted in the removal of Buell from the Fed- 
eral army). On re-organization, the Army of the 
Ohio became the Army of the Cumberland in- 
cluding tlie 14th corps under Thomas, the 20tii 
under McCook and the ■21st under (!rittenden. 
The 3rd Wisconsin Battery was assigned to the 
21st and went to Columbia, Ky., and thence, at 
the close of the year to the battle field of Stone 
River, where the command assisted in the de- 
cisive action that saved that almost hopeless 
field. L. H. Drury, captain of Battery 3, 
Wisconsin Artillery, was made Crittenden's 
chief of artillery and he conducted 4he can- 
nonade which was supported by three regi- 
ments under Negley. July 5t]i, the battery 
marched to McMinnville and, ten days later, 
was engaged in raiding on the Cumberland 
River. In the fight at Chickamauga, the bat- 
tery was on Crittenden's right where the inci- 
dent of the "gap" occurred. Dense clouds of 
dust obscured the flags and uniforms and, the 
rebels filling the gap with a large force, "the 
right" found themselves under simultaneous 
fire from front and right and were obliged to 
move to the rear and were cut off from the main 
army. Dr. Kanouse received a bullet in his 
right side while sighting liis gun ; most of the 
men were taken prisoners ; five guns were lost 
and one was pulled off the field by hand, the 
horses being killed. The bullet entered the 
body of Dr. Kanouse in the right armpit, 
passed under the spine and emerged at the 
point of the left shoulder blade. He was 
wounded about noon Sept. 20, 1863, and he was 
assisted from the field by Asa C. Gardner and 
Daniel Graham. They walked four and a half 
miles towards Chattanooga during the night. 
Graham halted an ambulance and induced the 
driver to permit Kanouse to ride on the seat 
with him and he reached Chattanooga in the 
forenoon of the next day. He was conducted to 
the Baptisi Church wluch was full of dead and 



dying men. Three days aiterwards the wound 
of Dr. Kanouse was dressed by Surgeon Sim- 
mons of Cincinnati and, about ten days after, 
he was sent in a baggage wagon to Stevenson, 
Ala , whence he proceeded to Cumberland 
hospital at Nashville, travelling on a flat car. 
He came home on furlough the last of October, 
and, on reporting at headquarters at Madison, 
he was sent to Harvey hospital, whence he was 
transferred to the Veteran Reserve Corps, Com- 
pany 146, 2nd Battalion. Dr. A. W. Kanouse, 
a physician at Appleton, belonged to the same 
battery in which he enlisted as a recruit after 
Chickamauga and was discharged in July, 
1865. 

Dr. Kanouse was married Dec. 31, 1868, to 
Edna Beecham who died in 1878 leaving one 
son — Robert B. He was again married Nov. 
13, 1881, to Alice Z. Randall whose parents live 
in Ottumwa, Iowa. Robert and Henry 
Beecham, brothers of the first wife, were sol- 
diers in the United States service. 

Dr. Kanouse obtained his elementary educa- 
tion in the common school and attended a sem- 
inary at Sun Prairie two years. Afterwards, he 
studied medicine with his father and entered 
Hahhnemann College at Chicago whence he 
was graduated with his brother, A. W. Kanouse. 
He commenced practice at Columbus, Wis., and 
removed after a year to Appleton. He con- 
ducted his business there three years and located 
at Wausau in 1883. 

He is a physician of the homeopathic school 
and occupies a position among the leading 
practitioners in Marathon county. He is a man 
of cultivated tastes, of unimpeachable integrity 
and enjoys the confidence of of a large number 
of patrons as a skilful an dconscientious physi- 
cian. He occupies a prominent position in the 
Grand Army Post at Wausau. 

OBERT SIMS THOMPSON, of An- 
tigo, a member of G. A. R. Post No. 
78 was born April 7, 1828, in Ant- 
werp, Jefferson Co., New York, and 
is the son of Isaac and Lydia (Simms) Thomp- 
son. The former was a native of Connecticut 
and the family he represents were settlers in 
America in its earliest history. He was a 
soldier in the war of 1812 and fought at Sack- 
ett's Harbor. The mother was born in Scot- 




156 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



land. Mr. Thompson came from his native 
Stale to Wisconsin in 1853 and settled at Green 
Bay. His first business was as an employe in 
a woolen mill and later, he acquired a knowl- 
edge of the business of a carpenter in which lie 
continued to operate until he became a soldier. 
He followed his trade at Green Bay, Oconto 
and Menasha and left his family in the latter 
place, when he entered tlie militai'y service of 
the United States. June 11, 1861, he enlisted 
as a musician in the '2nd Wisconsin Infantry 
with the pay of a first-class musician and was 
one of those to suffer from the reduction, when 
musicians were discharged by General Order, to 
the pay of a common soldier. He played the 
E flat tuba and was to receive pay accordingly, 
$34 a month. As in many similar instances 
his family paid the penalty. He was with his 
regiment in all the emergencies of the first 
Bull Run, having passed through those at 
Blackburn's Ford and after the disaster passed 
through the skirmish at Cub Run at Center- 
ville. After the reorganization he was in the 
preparations for action at Manassas and was 
exposed to the masked batteries, and after the 
discovery of the evacuation crossed the road to 
the support of Carlyle's Battery. In the action 
there tlie surgeon of the regiment, in command 
of a squad of men, one of whom was Mr. 
Thompson, rushed into the thickest action to 
take away the wounded. One of the brothers 
of Mr. Thompson was Lieut.-Colonel of the 3rd 
Pennsylvania Reserve Corps and resigned to 
accept a position as Chief Engineer of the 
steamer Atlanta, (a rebel prize), and while act- 
ing in that capacity he went ashore at Charles- 
ton, S. C, where he was called on to examine a 
torpedo which burst and tore him to pieces, 
only his hands and feet being recovered. He 
was a soldier throughout the entire Mexi- 
can war. Mr. Thompson was discharged Nov. 
15, 1861, at Camp Til linghast, Va., according to 
Paragraph 3, G. 0. No. 91, issued Oct. 26th, of 
the same year. 

He returned to Neenah after being dis- 
charged, where he followed his trade until the 
fall of 1883, when he became a citizen of An- 
tigo and has been since identified with the 
growth of the place. He has held local offices 
in several places where he has resided. 

Oct. 30, 1848, he was married to Minerva C. 
Monroe. Two children — Irwin Adolph and 
Effie Alwilda, survive. The son married Ella 
Lawton, who died, leaving two daughters — 




Nanine Minerva and Bessie. Four of the 
children born to Mr. and Mrs. Thompson are 
deceased. Ambrose Eugene died at 14, Helen 
at nine months, Ada May at five months and 
another daughter with the same name at five 
years of age. John Smith Monroe, the father 
of Mrs. Thompson, was born in Russia. He 
came to this country with Jerome Bonaparte, 
who married Miss Patterson of Baltimore. Mr. 
Monroe was one of the soldiers of the first Na- 
poleon, and died when his daughter was five 
years old. His wife was Sarah Chapman and 
was born in Connecticut. He died at 50 after 
fighting in the war of 1812. 

LARK P. SKIDMORE, a resident and 
pioneer citizen of Stockbridge, Calu- 
met Co., Wis., member of G. A. R. 
Post No. 40, was born Feb. 27, 1831, 
in Bangor, Franklin Co., New York. His par- 
ents, Carlos and Minerva (Keeler) Skidmore, 
were both born in Sandgate, Bennington Co., 
Vermont, and his father was a practicing phy- 
sician there for several years. He removed his 
family thence to Bangor soon after the war of 
1812, and in February, 1840, made another 
transfer of his interests to Jefferson county in 
that State. In July, 1851, he came West and 
located at Stockbridge. He continued in active 
practice until his death, which occurred in 
1864, when he was 70 years old. The mother 
died in 1880, aged 80 years. Their family in- 
cluded four sons and two daughters. The lat- 
ter are living. 

Mr. Skidmore is the only surviving son. He 
remained under the care and authority of his 
parents until he was 19 when he went to work 
on a sailing vessel on Lake Ontario where he 
was employed through the season of 1849. In 
1850 he came to Wisconsin and became a 
farmer on the property of which he is now the 
proprietor and which he purchased of the U. S. 
government in 1866. He enlisted Oct., 1864, 
in Company K, 4th Wisconsin Cavalry for one 
year or during the war. That command was 
then stationed at Baton Rouge in the land of 
guerrillas and bushwhackers and he joined the 
regiment at that place and was afterwards 
identified with the activities in which Company 
K was involved. The service was vigorous and 
active and Mr. Skidmore was occupied in picket 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



157 



duty, in scouting and skirmishing and driving 
busliwluickers until the command was ordered 
to participate in tlie siege of Mobile and went 
to Spanish Fort. That stronghold of the rebels 
surrendered to the Union arms April 9th, 1865, 
and at nightfall the forces reached Fort Blakely 
to find it in the possession of the federal troops, 
and went thence to the suppression of rebellion 
in Alabama and went into Georgia. During 
the closing period Mr. Skidmore was a partici- 
pant in the long march across the State of Mis- 
sissippi, enduring a ride of about 70 days in 
duration. lie was with his regiment through- 
out, although ill with fever and chronic diarr- 
htt'a. He was advised by an old physician not 
to take medicine for the latter complaint but to 
get home as quickly as possible, and to this he 
attriliutes his entire recovery. He received 
honorable discharge in .June at Vicksburg and 
returned to Stockbridge. In the following year 
he became the owner by purchase of the farm 
which is still his property and on which he has 
pursued agriculture as a vocation. It is a fine 
and valuable place and is under excellent im- 
provements, with suitable and valuable farm 
buildings. In 1873 he built thereon the first 
cheese factory in Calumet county and has had 
a large and prosperous business. He is one of 
the substantial farmers of Calumet county and 
of Wisconsin and, like all that fraternity, has 
earned the position by effort and integrity. He 
is a Republican of fixed principles. He was an 
old line Whig in the days preceding the exist- 
ence of the party whose principles he has 
adopted, and transferred his allegiance to the 
element in American politics whicii he under- 
stood to subserve the interests of the working 
classes. 

He was married Jan. 10, 1856, to Caroline E. 
Prentis of Stockbridge. They became the par- 
ents of four children named Cora, Vashti, 
Henry and Eugene. Coi-a and Eugene are not 
living and their mother died Nov. 28, 1868, 
aged 37 years. Mr. Skidmore married Abbie 
E. Flower Oct. 10, 1869, and their four children 
are named Lester, Elwin, Louis and Grace. 
The mother died .July 10, 1884. 

Mr. Skidmore has served his township as 
Chairman of the Town Board, Town Clerk, 
Superintendent and Justice of the Peace. 



■>-;>t^-~lM^^^<^ifS~-<^iti-^ 



T&^r ERMAN WERNER, 

/I V' K Maple Grove, Wis., 

IF^I ^^- A. R. Post No 



of the town of 
is a member of 
No. 222. He was 
boi'n in Gross Carbetha, Saxony, 
Prussia, March 22, 1839, and his parents, God- 
fried and Maria Rosina (Zieraer) were natives 
of the same i)lace in " Der Faderland." The 
family, including himself, father and mother 
and three sisters, came to America in 1856 and 
they located at Maple Grove, Wis. , A brother, 
Charles, is a resident of Paris, France, where he 
was married previous to the removal of his 
father to America. Amelia married Christian 
Horn in Brillion in 1857 ; her children are 
named Henry, Herman and Carolina. Hannah 
Rosina was married in 1857 to Hugo Jugel and 
she is tiie mother of 12 children. Carolina 
Sophia married C. SchoetHer of Chicago and 
has two children. 

Sept. 21, 1861, Mr. Werner enlisted in Com- 
pany B, 9th Wisconsin Infantry, at Manitowoc, 
Wis., for three years and received honorable 
discharge at Milwaukee, Dec. 3rd, 1864, his 
term of enlistment having expired. The "9th" 
is known to the history as the German regi- 
ment of Wisconsin and, from Milwaukee, the 
command went to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. 
They marched 160 miles to Fort Scott and, in 
June, went to Baxter's Springs. Many skir- 
mishes took place and, in July, the command 
went to Flat Rock Creek. Later, it did heavy 
marching in Missouri and, on the organization 
of the "Army of the frontier", the 9th was 
placed in the command of General Blunt. 
Newtonia was the first battle in which Mr. 
Werner took part, although he was involved in 
considerable skirmishing. He did an immense 
amount of marching in Arkansas, chasing 
rebels who evaded battle and, later, he was 
occupied in guarding trains. He marched to 
Prairie Grove and back to Rheas' Mills and, 
afterwards, to Van Buren, returning to the 
Mills. In patrol, picket guard, forage and 
march, a large amount of time was passed and, 
in 1804, the regiment was attached to the Red 
River expedition. April 2nd, Mr. Werner 
was in heavy skirmishing with rebels, fighting 
Marmaduke's band near the junction of the 
Washington and Camden road. The expedi- 
tion proving a failure before the 9th made 
connection, the regiment returned to Little 
Rock. On the route, the battle of Jenkin's 
Ferry occurred, in which the " 9th " won its 
hijnors. Afterwards Company B was engaged 



158 



SOLDIERS* ALBUM OF 



in the construction of forts at Little Rock. On 
tlie 3rd of December, Mr. Werner was mustered 
out at Milwaukee and returned to Wisconsin. 

After the war, he went to Maple Grove and 
has since engaged in farming with success, 
such as industry, thrift and integrity secure to 
those who put these traits into practical oper- 
ation. 

In 1865, Mr. Werner was married to Anna 
Hieckey and they have 10 children as follows : 
— Mary Ann, Charles Frederick, Daniel God- 
fried, Herman, John, Henry, William, Dennis, 
Robert and Phillip. Joseph died when a few 
weeks old. 



^, 


V 5 


— n — 


— ' V > 


''/ 
















ELOFTUS D. FORBES, editor and 



proprietor of the Central Union, pub- 
lished at Westfield, Marquette Co., 
Wis., was born May 12, 1836, at 
Litchfield, Medina Co., Ohio, and is of mixed 
Scotch and Irish extraction. His father was a 
descendant of a generation closely allied to a 
chief of a Highland clan and the ancestral blood 
of his mother was Irish. His paternal great 
grandfather removed to America in its early 
days and was a patriot of the Revolution. The 
parents of Mr. Forbes were representatives of 
the best types of the respective nationalities 
to which they are allied ; the mother was a 
woman of refinement and exalted character 
and the father was a man of wide information, 
reflective habits and a true son of the Republic; 
he was for many years a practicing physician 
of repute and, when his son was still in child- 
hood removed his family to Lorain county, 
Ohio, and in 1847 made a transfer of his interests 
and family to Wisconsin, the trip to the Bad- 
ger State being made overland in a "prairie 
schooner" to Sun Prairie in the vicinity of 
Madison. In 1848 a removal to Doilge county 
was effected and they settled ni the town of 
Mayville, then in its primal condition with un- 
cut forests and uninhabited acres. 

Mr. Forbes obtained all the education possi- 
ble in the common schools of that period and, 
at 18, turned his acquirements to practical 
purpose, commenting to teach in winter schools. 
Alternate summers he worked as a carpenter, 
of which business he had gained a considerable 
knowledge in a short apj)renticeship. In 1858, 
when 22 years old, he went to Marquette county 
and taught school at Packwaukee. 



In August, 1862, he enlisted in the 32nd 
Wisconsin Infantry and, at the organization of 
Company G, was elected 2nd Lieutenant but 
was refused commission on account of an Order 
from the War Department which provided for 
the muster of subordinate officers from veter- 
ans who had seen service. (At that period of 
the war it was almost an absolute necessity that 
all ofticers sliould be acquainted with military 
drill, in order that regiments might be placed 
in active duty with all possible dispatch.) Mr. 
Forbes was mustered into service at Oshkosh as 
4th Sergeant. In November, 1862, the "82nd" 
was assigned to garrison duty at Memphis and 
in Januar\', 1863; Mr. Forbes was commissioned 
2nd Lieutenant and was in the service until De- 
cember when ill health compelled his resigna- 
tion. September 20, 1864 after enlistment in 
in Company I, 1st Wisconsin Heavy Artillery 
he was mustered into service as Orderly 
Sergeant ; May 8th, 1865, he was promoted to 
2nd Lieutenant and was mustered out as such 
June 26, 1865. The service of Mr. Forbes under 
bis first enlistment included the duty per- 
formed at Memphis, the expedition to Holly 
Springs and Oxford, the return to the former 
place and the march to Grand Junction on 
whieh he experienced much suffering from 
unremitting marching. He went next in pursuit 
of Forrest through Tennessee, moving with 
the regiment throughout that service and re- 
turning to Memphis where he was engaged in 
provost duty until November, failing health 
prevented his performing further active service 
and he resigned as stated. After his second 
enlistment he went with his command to Wash- 
ington where he was assigned to garrison duty 
and acquired a complete knowledge of military 
drill in three branches of service, including in- 
fantry and heavy artillery tactics which occu- 
pied his entire time in connection with camp, 
garrison and other duties to which he was as- 
signed in the defenses of the Capital. After 
the war, Mr. Forbes located at Packwaukee and 
resumed teaching. In 1867 he removed to Mil- 
waukee to operate on the editorial staff of the 
EvMing Wiscmi»ki where he was employed 
nearly three years and resigned his position in 
the spring of 1870, his health becoming im- 
pairied through application to business. He ob- 
tained a position as principal of the Montello 
school which he filled through the winter of 
1870-1, and in the autum of the latter year 
was elected Superintendent of schools in Mar- 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



159 



quette county, whicli lie filled one year. The 
winter of 1873-4 lie spent at Madison in the 
capacity of Legislative rejjorter and coiTespon- 
dent for the Evening Wisconsin. Li 1877 he re- 
moved to Westfield where he established the 
journal on which he has since been occupied 
and which he has conducted successfully. 

He was married .lune 30, 1860, to Miss Si- 
milde E. Pond of Springfield, Wis., and they 
have three sons and two daughters. They are 
named in the order of birth, Anne E., Wilbur 
E., Florence E., Clarence A., and Freddie L. 
Mr. Forbes is a stanch republican in politics. 



/^^ EORGE R. GARDNER, a resident of 
|' > ,V Grand Rapids, Wis., member of G. 
\^A A. R. Post, No. 22, was born .Ian. 
19, 1837, at Horsehead, Chemung 
Co., New York, and is the son of George E. and 
Mary Ann (Monroe) Gardner. His father was 
born near Newberg, New York, and his mother 
in Pennsylvania. His grandfather in the pa- 
ternal line was a soldier in 1812. His parents 
left Horsehead wheu he was an infant and 
went to a farm on a section of country in the 
vicinity, known as the Big Flat. When he was 
eight years old liis parents removed to the 
town of Corning, Steuben county and lie was 
brought up as a farmer's son until he reached 
the age of legal manhood, when he came to 
Wisconsin, to make a start for himself in the 
world and he worked on farms in summer and 
taught school winters until the Spring of 1859, 
wlien he returned to Steuben county to l)e near 
his father who was about to have an operation 
for cancer. He worked as a farm assistant one 
summer and attended Franklin Academy at 
Plattsburg, Steuben county. He managed his 
affairs frugally and judiciously and, in the fol- 
lowing year, became a regular student at the 
academy mentioned with a view of entering 
college as a sophomore in order to save two 
years collegiate expenses. He had grown up 
in a State where political issues were thor- 
oughly understood and discussed by all classes 
of people and had taken a deep interest in the 
progress of National events and, when the war 
came on, in' the spring of 1861, he was among 
those who enlisted in tiie three months service, 
and enrolled at Naples, New York. Before the 
company was formed, orders were issued from 



the War Department to muster no more three- 
months men and he returned to liis studies 
and in the summer went to work in Rushville, 
Ontario county through the harvest season, 
but his plans were arrested by the disaster at 
Bull Run and he determined to go direct to 
headquarters where he could enter immedi- 
ately upon active service. He collected the 
money he had earned and went to the city of 
New York. He enlisted August 11, 1861 in 
Company" E, 48th New York Infantry for three 
years. The regiment went into rendezvous at 
Camp Wyman in the rear of Fort Hamilton on 
Long Island, and went from there to Washing- 
ton, proceeding thence to Annapolis and For- 
tress Monroe on the steamer Empire City. 
The regiment was assigned to the troops of 
General W. T. Sherman in command of the 
land forces in the Port Royal expedition and 
the force sailed Oct. 29, 1861, for the scene 
of action. The naval force under Dupont cap- 
tured Fort Beauregard on Hilton head and 
Fort Walker on the Island of St. Helena 
and the land forces disembarked and spent 
the winter on the island where they threw 
up earlhwoi'ks. .Jan. 1, 1862, an expedition 
was made to a ferry above Beaufort in whicli 
Mr. Gardner was in a sharp skirmish. In 
February, a series of operations were inaugur- 
ated whicli resulted in the bombardment and 
capture of Fort Pulaski, whicli involved a great 
amount of labor and building of corduroy 
roads across the swamps. Forts were built in 
the canes and communication was severed be- 
tween Savannah and Fort Pulaski which was 
taken April 11, 1862. This was tiie beginning 
of General Gilmore's planting batteries on 
swamps to reach points considered wiioUy pro- 
tected by impassable morasses by the rebels. 
In May, the 48tli New York and 3rd R. I. Bat- 
tery were stationed in the fort on garrison duty 
and they picketed the river and made various 
expeditions, in one of which, Bhitt'ton, S. C, 
the rebels were routed. The exjiedition was 
made on the " Planter," the rebel steamer which 
was transferred to the Union fleet by her pilot, 
Robert Small, who thereby fixed his name in- 
delibly on the pages of history. During the 
summer, .lames Perry, colonel of the 48tli, a 
West Point officer and a Methodist minister in 
charge of a Brooklyn church at the time of the 
organisation of the Regiment, died at Fort Pul- 
aski. General 0. M. Mitchell, the celebrated 
astronomer, died at Hilton Head in October 



160 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



previous of yellow fever. During that year, 
Mr. Gardner participated in all sorts of expedi- 
tions, one of which went to Pocotaligo to de- 
stroy a railroad bridge ; they fired into a train 
loaded with rebels and the engineer " pulled 
her right open and lit out right lively." The 
chaplain of the regiment, Rev. Strick- 
land became so enthusiastic that he toak a 
musket and fought in the ranks. In .June, 1863, 
they left the fort and went into camp on St. 
Helena Island, where they drilled and-reorgan- 
ized under General Strong of New York. .July 
4th the " 4Sth " embarked on the transport 
" De Ford " for Folly Island, Charleston Harbor, 
to take part in the operations against Charles- 
ton, and Mr. Gardner with his command was on 
Folly Island when General Gilraore com- 
menced firing on the rebels on Morris Island. 
He was among those who crossed under the fire 
of the battery and assisted in the capture of the 
lower end of Morris Island under the guns of 
Fort Wagner. The day was excessively hot 
and the 4Sth passed over the sandbar at low 
tide on the double quick. The sand was satu- 
rated and was like a (juick sand to a depth of 
eight inches. The troops packed the wet .sand 
in their caps as protection against the rays of 
the sun. They drove the rebels into the fort 
and on the next day a charge was made which 
was unsuccessful. On the night of July LSth 
the 48th, with the balance of the brigade, made 
a charge on the fort on the double quick. One 
of the assaulting regiments was the celebrated 
54th Massachusetts, colored troops, under Colo- 
nel Robert Shaw. This was the charge in 
which the gallant Shaw was killed and his 
body placed in a pit and covered with the bod- 
ies of his dead soldiers as a mark of indignity 
from tlie rebel standpoint but, if Colonel Shaw 
could have chosen, he would have selected no 
other monument. (From this fort the first 
shot of the rebellion was fired.) The charge 
was a failure and in that action in which Gen- 
eral Strong, commander of the brigade. Colo- 
nels Chatfield, Putnam and Shaw of the com- 
mand, were either killed or died of wounds. 
Mr. Gardner was injured in his right arm by a 
cannister shot and was removed and his arm 
amputated near the shoulder. His regiment 
was with the remainder of the brigade but was 
not supported and many were killed in the 
bastion of Fort Wagner, which the assaulting 
troops held for two or three hours. Mr.*Gard- 
ner went to Hilton Head hospital where the 



amputation was performed on the third day, so 
many requiring attention that his case was nec- 
essarily deferred. He remained at Hilton 
Head until November, 1863, when he was hon- 
orably discharged and returned to New York 
City on the steamer Fulton, which captured a 
rebel blockade runner on the way. She was a 
small, low-built steel vessel called the " Ban- 
shee " and was towed into New York Harbor. 
Mr. Gardner returned to his father's house in 
Schuyler county whither his parents had re- 
moved during his last year at school. He reached 
home at midnight, when he met his father, who 
was the first man he saw, whom he had ever 
seen before since he left home to enlist. It was 
Thanksgiving eve, in November, 1863. He 
had sent home all his earnings and with his 
small fortune he secured a scholarship in Gene- 
see college at Lima, New York, and entered 
upon his studies in the middle oftbeterm with 
his arm still unhealed. He remained in college 
through the winter and spring term of 1SG4, 
when he was obliged to resign his cherished 
plan of going through a collegiate course and re- 
turned to his father's home, who was di-sabled 
from a cancer. Mr. Gardner performed all the 
labor necessary, cutting firewood with his one 
hand and pitching grain through the harvest 
season. In the fall of 1864, he borrowed law 
books of Judge Rood of Watkins and studied 
law by himself as he had opportunity. Judge 
Rood took a paternal interest in him and in- 
duced him to enter his office and study regularly. 
He arranged things so he could leave home and 
every Monday morning walked seven miles, 
carrying a bag of cooked provision and slept 
during the week on a cot in the rear ottice, re- 
turning home every Saturday. His father died 
in 1866 and he continued his studies as he could 
until 1867, when he was admitted to practice 
in the State courts at Binghamton, passing a 
creditable examination ni open court. He 
formed a partnershij) with Judge Rood which 
was in existence until the spring of 1870. The 
niother of Mr. Gardner died when he was six 
years old and at the date last mentioned he 
severed his relations with Judge Rood and went 
to Breckenridge, Mo., where he entered upon 
the practice of law. The cause of his selection 
of a location was the removal of his sister to 
that portion of the United States ; she had been 
his housekeeper and on her marriage removed 
to Missouri. In the fall of 1873 Mr. Gardner 
came to Wisconsin to visit his sister in Coluni- 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



161 



bill county, lii ■lanuary, 1873, he was married 
to Rachel J. Delauy and liis wife preleri'ing to 
remain in Wisconsin, lieestablisiieci iiis lousiness 
at Grand Rapids where he has continued his 
professional practice as an attorney. During 
the first year of his residence in Wisconsin he 
was apjiointed District Attorney by Governor 
Washburn to fill a vacancy and was elected 
to the same incumbency in 1.S74. He was after- 
wards elected Judge of Wood county and in 
1882, was elected to the Assembly of Wisconsin 
and served in the session of 1883. He has 
officiated as Maj or of Grand Rapids and as 
Supervisor several terms. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gardner have four children 
named .Jennie, George E., Mabel and Harry I. 

Mr. Gardner is a man who occupies a lead- 
ing position in Wood county and the com- 
munity of which he is a member from the 
sterling point.'^ of merit in his character. In 
all his relations to the period in which he has 
lived he has sustained liimself in a manner 
consistent with the character displayed in the 
earh' portion of his life before he made ac- 
quanitance with the turmoil and experiences 
of busy life. He is the friend of all who need 
his assistance and advice, especially among the 
younger members of tlie legal fraternity and he 
is as prominent for his kindness of heart as he 
is for his recognised abilities in his profession. 
He is an attorney ot higli standing and a gentle- 
man of stainless repute. 

LLOYD JONES, member of the 
law firm of Gate, Jones & Sanborn, 
I at Stevens Point, belonging to G. 
A. R. Post No. 156, was born Oct. 
9, 1841, in the parish of Llaniair in Denbigh, 
shire. North Wales, and is the son of Edward 
and Anne Maria (Lloyd) Jones. The forbears 
of the family for many generations were resi- 
dents of Wales and were farmers. Mr. Jones 
was born on a farm, reclaimed by his ancestors 
from the mountains of North Wales, an exten- 
sive piece of property called Graig Cottage, as 
significant of its mountainous character, and it 
means stone or rock. The family belonged to 
the intelligent and well-to-do class and the 
senior Jones represented the grade of society 
known in polite circles as "country gentlemen." 
Anna Maria (Jones) Randall resides m Chicago, 
and Walter Cyril Jones and Edward Trevor Jones 




in Evanston, 111., and are the brothers and sis- 
ter of Mr. Jones of this account and the three 
are the only members of their direct family in 
America. Mr. Jones was less than 17 years 
old when, in the latter part of June, 1858, he 
came to the United States. In his native coun- 
try he had excellent educational advantages in 
the parish schools of Wales and in a Church 
.school at Wrexham in his native county. Be- 
fore he was 15 years old, he obtained a position 
in the North and South Wales banking house, 
in whicli he operated in a clerical ca])acity from 
February 18, 185(), to the .same date in 1858. 
Soon after his arrival in the United States he 
came to Wisconsin and went to work on a farm 
near Waukesha. A week later he went to 
Winnebago count)' and was occupied as a farm 
assistant until the spring of 1860. He went 
thence to Fo.x Lake, Wis., where he was en- 
gaged on a farm until he entered the army. 

He enlisted Dec. 9, 1861, at Beaver Dam in 
Company C, 16tli Wisconsin Infantry, for three 
years. In the course of his military experi- 
ence, Mr. Jones was made Corporal and in Oc- 
tober, 1862, after the battle of (Jorinth he was 
made Orderly Sergeant of his company and 
after the battle of Bald Hill, in which he dis- 
tinguished himself by the quality of his fight- 
ing and was wounded, he was promoted to '2nd 
Lieutenant. In February, 1865, he was made 
Adjutant of his regiment and mustered out as 
such July 12, 1865, at Louisville, Ky. Mr. 
Jones jmssed through all the preliminary move- 
ments of the regiment in camp at Madison 
and left Wisconsin in March and on arrival at 
St. Louis was assigned to the command of Gen- 
eral Grant. The " clans were gathering for 
the fray," and Mr. Jones was in the heavy ac- 
tion at Pittsburg Landing, which was his first 
acquaintance with armed rebellion. The ros- 
ter of his battles includes the names of Corinth, 
siege and battle, the march to Grand Junction, 
the movement which was terminated by the 
loss of the stores at Holly Springs, the guard- 
ing of the Memphis and Charleston railroad, the 
movement to Memphis, Lake Providence and 
the skirmishes in that vicinity, and moved 
thence to \'icksburg where he was engaged ni 
frequent skirmi.shes until February, 1864, when 
the 16th was incorporated with the garrison in 
Vicksburg. After his return to that place, he 
received a furlough of 30 days and rejoined 
the regiment at Red Bone Church near 
Vicksburg. He veteranized in January and 



162 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



returned to Wisconsin on his veteran's fur- 
lougli in March and on his return with his 
regiment joined a portion of tlie 17tli corps and 
went to Chfton on the Tennessee River, arriv- 
ing May 15th. The histor^^ of Mr. .Jones' 
movements is identical thereafter with that of 
his corps in the army of Sherman and he was 
in the fight linown as Big Shanty in .June. His 
company was in tlie advance slcirmisli line and 
was in severe battle. He continued to fight in 
the several actions known as Kenesaw Moun- 
tain and at Bald Hill (IjCggett's Hill). He is 
the first man named in the dispatches from 
his company as wounded. He remained in 
the vicinity of Atlanta until October, when 
Hood cut their communication and they went 
in pursuit of him to Galesville, Ala., and then 
moved witli Siierman's columns on the Savan- 
nah campaign and performed the same duties 
as did others along the line to Washington 
where he was in the Grand Review. He was 
sick during the fight at luka and afterwards 
passed a week in the regimental hospital. This 
was his only illness during the war. In the 
charge at Bald Hill made by the 12th and 16th 
Wisconsin Infantry, he was wounded by a bul- 
let which entei'ed the left side of his neck at 
the base of his brain passing through .to 
the right side and inflicting a bad wound 
from its proximity to the spine and the 
shock given to the nervous system. He 
went to the hos]>ital at Marijetta and thence 
to Rome and joined the command at Atlanta. 
After the close of the war, Mr. Jones was 
tendered a position in a cotton warehouse ■ at 
Vicksburg, but remembrances of former friends 
at Fox Lake induced him to return to that 
place and he assumed the management of the 
farm of his former employer. Jan. 1, 1806, 
William E. Smith, Treasurer of Wisconsin, • 
appointed him to a position in his ottice and 
he served with him and his successor Henry 
Baetz until Oct. 20, 1871. In 1808 he com- 
menced the study of law and also attended lec- 
tures in the Law Department of Madison Uni- 
versity, whence he was graduated in June, 1871. 
At the date mentioned he resigned his position 
in the Treasurer's office and removed to Stev- 
ens Point. He iormed a business relation with 
Gilbert L. Park, which was terminated bj' the 
appointment of his associate as Judge of the 
7th Judicial Circuit of Wisconsin. Mr. Jones 
practiced his profession singly until August, 
1876, when he became associated with A. W. 



Sanborn under the style of Jones & Sanborn 
and their joint relations have been sustained 
since that date. March 1, 188fi, Judge Gate 
became a member of the firm, the style becom- 
ing Gate, Jones & Sanborn. The clientage of 
the concern is extensive and includes import- 
ant cases in the Gircuit and Supreme Gourts of 
Wisconsin and in the District Courts of the 
United States. The repute of the partner.ship 
is equal to that of any law firm in Wisconsin 
and their business relations are regulated 
accordingly. 

Mr. Jones has been prominent in his connec- 
tion with local municipal affairs in Stevens 
Point since he established his citizenship there. 
He has officiated as City Attorney one year and 
as Member of the Council and President of that 
body. He has acted in the capacity of United 
States Commissioner and occupied other posi- 
tions of responsil)ility and trust. He is one of 
the most prominent Masons in Northern Wis- 
consin and has passed most of the grades of 
official position in the branches of the Order to 
which he belongs. He has been High Priest 
of the Chapter and Eminent Commander of 
Crusade Commandery since the date of its 
organization, with the exception of one year, 
when he declined to serve. He has been Grand 
Senior Warden of the Grand Commander}' of 
the State of Wisconsin. He is a member of the 
Wisconsin Consistory and has taken the o2nd 
Degree, Scottish Rite. On the organization of 
the Post at Stevens Point he was made its first 
Commander but declined to serve on account 
of press of his business. 

He was married May 1, 1867, to Addie E. 
Purple at Madison, and they have two children 
— Grace Purple and Chauncey Lloyd. Her 
father was Assistant Treasurer of Wisconsin 
and the family is from Cayuga, New York, and 
of New York stock. The brother of Mr. Jones, 
E. T. Jones, was a soldier in the 2Gth Ohio 
Infantry, and was wounded and captured by 
the rebels at Franklin. 

I [?^ RANK E. ADSIT, a merchant of Ap- 
A L' --4 pleton, Wis., and one of its foremost 

l(vy— . citizens in repute and probity of char- 
v acter, was born July 28, 1839, in Ches- 
terfield, Essex Co., New York. He had reached 
the age of legal manhood when he felt himself 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



led 



called to serve the country of his birtli and to 
aid to reestalilish the conditions which made a 
life therein desirable, and he enlisted in October, 
1861, in North Lawrence, in his native State tor 
three years in G Company, 92nd Regiment, 
New York Lifantry. He received honorable 
discharge at Fort McHenry, Baltimore, Md., on 
account of deafness. After the regiment was 
mustered in, little time was lost before it was 
assigned to the Army of the Potomac under 
McClellan, and was soon at the scene of activi- 
ties. The roster of battles in which Mr. Adsit 
was engaged is as follows and besides these, he 
performed all the duties pertaining to drill, 
guard, picket and skirmishing. His battles were 
Manassas, Williamsburg, Hanover, Fair Oaks, 
Oak Grove, the battles of the seven days retreat, 
and in others of that hapless campaign. In the 
swamps of the Chickahominy he contracted a 
fever which caused his permanent deafness, 
and on account of which he received honoi'a- 
ble discharge in the fall of 1863. He 
passed the first two years after his return 
in an endeavor to regain his health, after 
which he went into the grocery business, in- 
vesting $375 in an outfit and locating at 
Ciiateaugay, New York. He attended to his 
business relations in a manner that ensured the 
success he sought and in 1867 he came to Ap- 
pleton, then containing about 3,000 inhabitants. 
Mr. Adsit has since been identified with the 
material progress of the place and has invested 
his gains to the advantage of the community 
at large as well as to his own. The Adsit Block 
is a monument to his thrift and energy, and 
the interest he takes in the appearance of the 
business portion of the place. He has operated 
since as a merchant. 

He is the son of Ellis and Emeline (Norton) 
Adsit, and became an orphan in early life. His 
mother died when he was six months old and 
before he was three years of age his father died. 
His grandparents took charge of his affairs, but 
their deaths when he was a child of nine years 
deprived liim of the care of natural protectors. 
He had been sent to school but three terms at 
the district school and, when left alone, he went 
to live with a farmer where he remained until 
he was 13 years old. He then obtained a situa- 
tion in a grocery store in which he operated 
until he enlisted. His marriage to Frances 
Hammond took place Aug. 1, 1865, and they 
have had five children, of whom two are living. 
Mr. Adsit is of mixed Scotch and EnglisT^i 




lineage,and his maternal grandsire was for seven 
years a soldier of the war of the Revolution. 
His grandfather was a cavalryman in the fight 
at Plattsburg, in 1812. 



OLOMON BEAN, a citizen of Clinton- 



ville. Wis., since 1887, and a mem- 
ber of G. A. R. Post, No. 32, was 
born March 4th, 1834, in Clyde, St. 
Clair Co., Midi. He is the son of Richard and 
Mary (Lavear) Bean and passed his youth in 
the vicinity of his birthplace. On the first day 
of August, 1861, he eni'olled as a soldier at Port 
Huron, Mich., in Company K, 2nd Michigan 
Cavalry, The command was assigned to the 
Department of Northern Missouri under Gen- 
eral Pope in the spring and, at New Madrid, 
was brigaded with the ord Michigan Cavalry 
under Gordon Granger in readiness for the 
fight at that place and Island No. 10, in both of 
which actions Mr. Bean was engaged. After- 
wards, he was in the skirmishing to Monterej' 
and throughout the entire route to Farmington, 
where he was in the action of May 3rd and, 
within the same month his command was in a 
fight at Booneville, Miss. .June 4th, he was 
again in action at Blackland, Miss., -June 9th at 
Baldwin, Miss., and, in a skirmish July 1st, at 
Booneville, he wtvs seriously injured in the arm. 
He was assigned to the hospital at Rienzi, Miss., 
and, later, was sent to Detroit, whence he was 
discharged on account of permanent disability 
October 20th following. A historical fact of 
interest was the assignment of Philip H. Sheri- 
dan to the colonelcy of the 2nd Michigan Cav- 
alry May 26th, 181)2, his iirst active connection 
with operations in the field, as he had pre- 
viously acted in the capacity of Quartermaster. 
Mr. Bean returned Irom the army to his par- 
ents' home and, in 1864 went to Green Bay, 
Wis., where he was a resident until 1883, when 
he removed to Seymour, Wis., and was tiiere 
four years. Previous to enlisting, he was en- 
gaged after boyhood as a foreman on the St. 
Clair River and since has operated as a me- 
chanic. 

December 8, 1864, he was married to Hattie 
Brunett. Her father. Prudent Brunett, was 
one of the first settlers of Green Bay and was 
connected with the hostilities between the whites 
and the Chippewa Indians. 



164 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 




Mr. and Mrs. Bean have been the parents of 
seven children, of whom Melinda and Myrtle 
are not living. The others are named Mary, 
Richard, George, Carrie and Walter. Richard 
Bean, the father of Mr. Bean of this account, 
was a soldier in 1812 and alsointheBlackhawk 
war in 1832. 

ORMAN S. GILSON, Fond du Lac, 
Wis., was born in Middlefield, Geauga 
Co., Ohio, March 23rd, 1839. He 
came to Wisconsin in 1860 and began 
tlie study of law with his uncle, Hon. L. F. Frisby 
at West Bend. Sept. 17th, 1861, he enlisted as 
a private in Company D, 12th Wisconsin In- 
fantry and was promoted to Sergeant of the 
company and Sergeant Major of the regiment ; 
during a part of 1862, the regiment was in 
Missouri and Kansas, but in June of that year, 
joined the Army of the Tennessee at Columbus, 
Ky. Soon after this he was ordered on de- 
tached duty with the staff of General Robert B. 
Mitchell and was with the Array of the 
Ohio until after ihe battle of Perry ville; re- 
joining General Grant's armj' at La Grange in 
the fall of 1862, he remained in that command 
until the surrender of Jackson, Miss., in July 
1863. In August, 1863, he was promoted to 
the 1st Lieutenantcy of Company H, 58th Regi- 
ment, U. S. C. Infantry, afterward to Adjutant 
and finally to the position of Lieutenant Colonel 
of the regiment and he participated in the battles 
of Perryville, Vicksburg, Jackson and some 
lesser engagements ; he served as Judge Ad- 
vocate of the district of Natchez on the staff of 
Major General Davidson and in 1865-6 was 
Judge Advocate of the Department of the Mis- 
sissippi on the staff of General P. J. Osterhaus 
and General Thomas J. Wood commanding 
that department. 

He was Judge Advocate of the courtmartial 
convened for the trial of Captain Frederic Speed 
on the charge of criminal carelessness in over- 
loading the steamer Sultana, whereby it was 
claimed the lives of over 1,100 paroled prisoners 
of war were lost on the Mississippi River by an 
explosion of the steamers' boilers just above 
Memphis in April, 1865. On June 12th, 1866 
he was mustered out of the service and was 
brevetted Colonel of U. S. volunteers by thePresi- 
dent. Graduating at the Albany Law School, 
he settled at Fond du Lac in 1868 and contin- 



ued in the active practice of the law until elected 
Judge of the 4th Judical Circuit in 1880. 
He was reelected to that position in 1886. Col. 
Gilson is a member of the Military Order of 
the Loyal Legion, the Society of the Army of 
the Tennessee and Edwin A. Brown Post No. 
130. 

/^^ IMEON GARDNER, of Gresham, Wis., 
^^^^ and member of G. A. R. Post No. 81 
"^^^Z at Shawano, was born in March, 1831, 
in Kaukauna, Wis., and is the son of 
William and Nancy (Johnson) Gardner; the 
former died in 1883 and the mother is still 
living on the Stockbridge reservation. Mr. 
Gardner has five brothers living on the Stock- 
bridge reservation and engaged in farming. 
Lie has one sister who lives in Shawano. He 
enrolled Aug. 14, 1862, at Shawano, in Com- 
pany 1, 32nd Wisconsin Infantry, for three 
years or during the war, and received honor- 
able discharge June 19, 1865, at Washington. 
The regiment left the State for Memphis, Tenn., 
in October; from there they accompanied the 
forces of General Sherman to Holly Springs in 
the movement to capture Vicksburg. They 
were in the Oxford raid and had just left camp 
at Hurricane Creek when the news of the sur- 
render of Murphy at Holly Springs caused a 
total reversion of all movements, and they 
reached Holly Springs after a forced march, 
which greatly exliausted the men to no purpose 
and the regiment returned, after a pursuit of 
Jackson, to Memphis where they remained 
until November, 1863, engaged in jirovost 
duty. Mr. Gardner was in the expedition from 
Memphis in November and, about the last of 
the month, went from Moscow and, on the 2nd 
day of December went nine miles on the double 
cjuick to the relief of General Hatch. He was 
engaged in scouting service until another plan 
was formed for the taking of Vicksburg and, in 
February, 1864, landed at that place and on 
the next day moved in the Meridian expedi- 
tion. He was in the action at Jackson and 
returned to ^'icksburg•, after a month's absence. 
Not long after-, he was connected with another 
expedition to relieve Union City and went next 
to Paducah where a fight with Forrest was 
expected, but the rebel retired and the regiment 
moved to intercept him at another point. It 
was a failure and the command went to De- 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



165 



catur, Ala. In May the action on the Court- 
land road commenced and Mr. (lardner was in 
the skirmishes in that vicinity during the 
montlis of June and July, and in August, was 
with the command at Atlanta. He was engaged 
in the operations there and at Jonesboro. After 
the surrender of the city he joined in tlie pursuit 
of the rebels and in October, went to Atlanta, 
where the command made ready to proceed 
through Georgia and Mr. Gardner was in all 
the actions in which his regiment participated 
in the vicinity of Savannah. He was in all 
the movements at Beaufort and l^ocotaligo and 
was in the sharp fighting on the Salkahatchie 
at River's Bridge. He was again in action at 
Binnaker's Bridge where his company, with 
two others, held the position while three regi- 
ments crossed the river and secured a foothold. 
He was in the fight near Clieraw, at Fayette- 
ville and Bentonville and went to Goldsboro 
and Raleigh and, after the surrender of John- 
ston's army moved Nortliward to Washington, 
where he witnessed the final scenes and returned 
to Wisconsin. He escaped serious injury, but 
passed four weeks in a hospital at Memphis 
with sickness and for nine months was com- 
pany cook. After the war he located at 
Shawano and went to Gresham in 1888. Mr. 
Gardner has become a suhstantial farmer. He 
married Margaret Zinn of Fond du Lac and 
they have one daughter, named Samantha, 
who married George Button of Green Bay. 

OHN ROBERT LEYKOM, of Antigo, 
Wis., member of G. A. R. Post No. 78, 
was born in Quebec, Canada, April 15, 
1840. When he was seven years old he 
came to Manitowoc witli his parents, John and 
Annie (Wallace) Leykom. His father was born 
in Bavaria and came to America when a small 
boy. He went from New York to Canada and 
was a soldier in the Patriot, or McKenzie's war 
of 1837. The mother was a native of Montreal. 
The family were pioneers in Manitowoc county 
where the father was a merchant. The son 
was educated in the common school and 
entered the office of the Manitowoc Herald, 
where he learned the printer's trade. He then 
assumed charge of the Manitowoc Tribune in 
the same place and issued a daily in conjunc- 
tion with the weekly edition. He was asso- 



ciated with John N. Stone, now (1888) of the 
Neenah Times. In 1858 and 1859 he managed 
the Chilton Times in the interest of John P. 
Hume, and in 1850 he became a sailor on the 
lakes in which he was engaged until his mili- 
tary career began. 

July 12, 1861, he enlisted in the 5th Wis- 
consin Infantry, in Company A, (" Manitowoc 
Guards.") The day following the disaster at 
Bull Run the regiment received marching 
orders and started for the scene of activities 
with enthusiasm. Two days after they were in 
Washington and assigned to the brigade of 
General King. (See sketch.) At the outset 
the " 5th " was in advance positions. It .should 
be stated that the regiment was enlisted in 
April, and, while awaiting assignment three 
months organizations were abolished and it 
was paid for three months before the assign- 
ment of the United States. The regiment re- 
ceived from General McClellan a mark of dis- 
tinction accorded to no other while he com- 
manded the armies of the United States. After 
tlie battle of Williamsburg he addressed the 
command as follows : " My lads, I have come to 
thank you for the bravery and discipline which 
you displayed tlie other day. On that day, you 
won laurels of wliicli you may well be proud — 
not only you, but tlie army, the State, the 
country to which you belong. Through you 
we won the day, ami •" Williamsburg" shall be 
inscribed on your banner. I cannot thank you 
too much and I am sure the reputation your 
gallantry has already achieved, will always be 
maintained." In forming the organization 
which became known to history as the " Iron 
Brigade," General King expected to secure the 
5th Wisconsin but was disappointed in the 
hope. At Rappahannock Station, Nov. 7, 1863, 
occurred an event which is, up to this date 
" unwritten history." A regiment of rebels 
was secreted in the undergrowth of Jack pine 
in a thicket so dense that vision for more than 
twenty feet was impo.ssible. Ninety men of the 
5th under Captain Horace A. Walker of Com- 
pany A, arranged their -plans and made a 
charge on the ambushed rebs, shouting and 
making all the racket possible ; one of the sol- 
diers possessed of a stentorian voice constantl}' 
ordered up imaginary reserves and commanded 
the concealed foe to fall back from their arms. 
Nine hundred men were captured and brought 
in as prisoners much to their disgust on learn- 
ing the reality of the case. Captain Walker 



166 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



was killed in the fighting later on the same 
day. Following is the roster of the battles in 
which Mr. Leykora was engaged : — Lee's Mills, 
April 16; Siege of Yorktown in the same 
montli; Williamsburg, Mo.y 5 ; Golden 's Farm, 
.June 27 ; Savage Station, .June 29 ; White Onk 
Swamp, .June 30 ; Malvern Hill, July 1 ; Bull 
Run, Aug. 29 and 30 ; Crampton's Pass, Md., 
Sept. 14 ; Antietam, Md., Sept. 17 ; Fredericks- 
burg, Dec. 13. (All in 1862.) May 3, 1863, he 
was in the famous storming of Marye's Heights 
and sustained compound fracture of the left 
ancle. He lay on the field two days and two 
nights and was sent thence to Acquia Creek 
and a day later was put aboard a cattle car and 
shipped to Washington, where he was assigned 
to a hospital in the vicinity of the Capitol to be 
sent eight days later to the Christian St. hos- 
pital, Philadelphia. When the time of the 
regiment hid expired he was discharged and 
reached AVisconsin two days behind the soldiers 
of the command. Until his recovery he was in 
the A'eteran Invalid Corps at Pliiladelphia. At 
Williamsburg, Mr. Leykom received a slight 
wound but did not leave his post. He returned 
to Manitowoc and soon after went to Chicago 
where he obtained a position as compositor on 
the Trihune, operating in that capacity until the 
fire of 1871. He entered the employ of A. M. 
Kellogg ct Co., and was with that house and 
with the Inter-Ocean some years and in Nov., 
1884, he removed to Antigo and took a posi- 
tion with his brother and brother-in-law in a 
hardware store. Later he became interested in 
the News Item at Antigo. (The establishment 
was burned about the time this sketch was 
written, January, 1888.) James Leykom, his 
brother, was a soldier in a Wisconsin regiment. 
Mr. Leykom was married in August, 1870, to 
Margaret Dufl:ey, a native of Albany, N. Y. Her 
])rother, Charles G. Duffey, was an enlisted man 
in the 17th Wisconsin. Mr. Leykom was 
Deputy County Treasurer of Langlade County 
in 1884, and in 1887 and 1888 he was Under- 
Sherifi under T. H. Robbins of the same county. 

^-^ 



OHN W. BRUCE, of Merrill, com- 
mander of Post Lincoln, No. 131, at that 
place, in 1887, was born Aug. 15, 1841, 
near Troy, New York. His family 
traces their origin to the " Bruce of Bannock- 
burn," his descent being Scotch in the patenial 



line. William Bruce, his father, was a native 
of England and married Sarah Masters in 
America. The family came to Wisconsin in 
1850 and located at Racine, removing thence to 
Allen's Grove in Walworth county. While 
there resident, the Civil War made its advent 
and the son determined to enroll in defense of 
the Union. He was twenty years old when he 
went to Beloit and enlisted in Company K, 
Wisconsin 7th Infantry. He enlisted August 
27th and on the 2nd day of October, the regi- 
ment was incorporated in the organization af- 
terwards known as the " Iron Brigade." (A 
sketch of its organizer. Gen. Rufus King, is to 
be found on another page). The brigade 
passed the winter at Fort Tillinghast near the 
Arlington House and, in the first days of March 
took part in the movement on Manassas, re- 
turning to their former position in a few days. 
Soon after, the regiments started for a position 
on the Rappahannock opposite Fredericksburg 
on guard and construction duty. In July, the 
7th was in a sharp skirmish and again in Au- 
gust fought at Beverly Ford, after taking part in 
the retreat across the Rappahannock. Within 
the month it was in another skirmish and 
fought in the battle of Gainesville. This was 
one of the marked engagements of the war, the 
foes being the famous "Stonewall Brigade," 
composed of the flower of the army of Stone- 
wall Jack.son. At the second Bull Run Mr. 
Bruce was in the detail whicli supported a bat- 
tery and in September fought at South Moun- 
tain. Three days later, lie was in the engage- 
ment at Antietam where the brigade won 
special encomiums for bravery. In December 
he again fought at Fredericksburg and the reg- 
iment went into winter quarters at Belle Plain. 
In January, they accomplished the marching 
which was all that materialized in the " Mud 
Campaign" and, with that exception, were inac- 
tive until the last of April, 1863. Later they 
made the charge at Fitzhugh's Cro.ssing, and, 
early in June, Mr. Bruce was in the skirmish 
at Brandy Station. In July he was in the fight 
at Gettysburg wliich terminated his field ser- 
A'ice. A Union battery supported by cavalry 
had ventured too far at one stage of the fight 
and the fact being observed by Ayres Brigade 
(rebel) the confederates prepared to accomplish 
an easy capture. But the " Iron Brigade " was 
also observant and took a hand in the affair, 
which resulted in the repulse of the confedei- 
ates, the Iron Brigade capturing most of 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



Ifi7 



Ayers' Brigade. Mr. Bruce was left on the 
field with a bullet in his left breast. He lay 
there 26 hours, suffering the tortures of heat, 
want of water and the dangers of a Ixittle field 
still in abeyance. Many wounded rebels were 
about him and such of them as could sliowed 
him much kindness and iio hostility. There 
was nothing to indicate the animosity with 
which they luid met in mortal combat a few 
hours before. Once he slept and dreamed that 
he was in the streets of Frederick and that 
ladies were distributing water to wounded men. 
As he approached one of them to take the 
water he so craved, some one stepped in front 
of him and took it. His despair and disap- 
pointment awoke him and he cried out for 
water. He could hear the rattle of a canteen 
and a rebel approached and gave him a drink 
of milk. (An account of this experience was 
published in the Milwaukee Tdegmph.) Mr. 
Bruce received this wound July 1, 1863, the 
bullet, which is still in his person, passing 
through his left lung, .shattering a rib and in- 
juring the lower portion of the heart. The 
lung has been hepatised since and useless, and 
he has suffered from heart disease. He was 
taken from the field on the 2nd of July and 
carried to a hou.se and on July 4tli was taken 
to the hospiral at the Old Court House at Get- 
tysburg, ap])ropriated by Government for a 
hospital ; afterwards he was in a hospital at 
Baltimore in charge of Dr. Bliss of Garfield 
memory. An abscess appeared back of his 
wounded lung and he was informed by the 
doctor that he was in a critical state and had 
better make his will. He informed the doctor 
that he would find him sitting up the next 
morning. In the night the abscess broke and 
discharged through the wound instead of into 
the lungs, as he was in a rocking chair when 
Dr. Bliss appeared. " You are a plucky little 
cuss" was the characteristic remark of Dr. Bliss. 
After a month in the hospital he came to Wis- 
con.sin on sick furlough and 60 days later, 
went to the officer's hospital at Annapolis, 
whence he received honorable discharge, his 
wound being incurable and two years and 
three months elapsed before it closed. During 
that time it was dressed every day. Finally, 
he went to Baltimore to Henry Palmer, former 
surgeon of the 7th, who performed an opera- 
tion and found that the shattered rib had not 
re-united. He removed it and the wound 
healed by the first intention. After his dis- 



charge Mr. Bruce was occupied at Fairfax Sem- 
inary general hospital as sutler's clerk and 
later, in the office of (Quarter-Master General 
Meigs at Wasliington where he passed two 
years. During the period of liis active sei'vice 
he was promoted for bravery in action. He 
was advanced from Corporal to Orderly Ser- 
geant May 1, 1863, commissioned 2nd Lieuten- 
ant June 1st of the same year and wounded 
July 1st following. 

After leaving Washington, he returned to 
Allen's Grove and was employed by his father, 
who was a shoe dealer thei'C and at Clinton un- 
til he embarked in the same line of business in 
his own behalf. In 1881 he removed to Mer- 
rill where he operated as a dealer in stationery 
sup|)lies until 1885 when he entered the office 
of \V. H. Canon. February 1, 1886, lie asso- 
ciated himself with J. K. P. Coon, and they 
purchased the insurance and real-estate busi- 
ness ot W. H. Canon, the style of the new con- 
cern being Coon & Bruce. (See sketch of Mr. 
Coon.) 

June 20, 1869, Mr. Bruce was married to 
Sarah E. Wright. Harry R., Charles W., Roy 
J., Leonard J., Sadie, Emma and Nellie H., are 
the names of their living children. Ina 
Emma, died of diptheria June 5, 1884, aged 14 
months. The family of Mrs. Bruce was from 
New York and her maternal grandfather was a 
soldier of 1812. 

Mr. Bruce is a man of straigiitforward and 
reliable character. He is justly esteemed as 
one of the prominent citizens of Merrill and 
wears the honors of a man and patriot. He 
was A. D. C. on Staff' of General Griffin, Depart- 
ment Commander, Wisconsin, G. A. R., for 
1887 — and was appointed A. D. C. on Staff' of 
General Rea, Commander in Chief of G. A. R., 
U. S., March 13th, 1888. 

JOHN BANDEROB, a prominent busi- 
ness man of Oslikosh, Wis., and a mem- 
ber of G. A. R. Post No. 241, enlisted 
under the first call of President Lincoln 
for 75,000 troops in Company E, 2nd Wis- 
consin Infantry. He served with the regi- 
ment through three months enlistment and 
fought at the first Bull Run in which he was 
wounded in his right arm. On the expiration 
of his term of enlistment he immediately re- 



168 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



enlisted in tlie same company and regiment for 
three years and received honorable discharge 
June 28, 1864, at the expiration of his period 
of enlistment. He fought through all the bat- 
tles and skirmishes in which his regiment par- 
ticipated with the exception of Antietam and 
included Gainesville, 2nd Bull Run, South 
Mountain, Fredericksburg, Fitz Hugh's Cross- 
ing, Marye's Heights, Chancellorsville, Gettys- 
burg, Mine Run, Wilderness, Laurel Hill 
(Spottsylvania), North Anna, Cold Harbor, Pe- 
tersburg, Weklon Railroad, Hatcher's Run, 
Gravelly Run, Five Forks and Appomatox. On 
the organization he was made Cbrporal and had 
been promoted to Sergeant wiien he was dis- 
charged. He was wounded a second time at 
Gettysburg in his left leg. He was made a 
prisoner at Gainesville, Ijut was paroled on the 
field. 

Mr. Banderol) had four brothers and three of 
them were soldiers in the civil war. Henry 
was an enlisted man in the 21st Wisconsin and 
was killed at Perry ville, Oct. 3, 1862. Peter 
served his full time, and Fred was discharged 
previous to the expiration of his term on ac- 
count of disabilities incurred in the service. 

Mr. Banderob is a member of a prominent 
firm at Oshkosh, engaged in the extensive man- 
ufacture of furniture. One liundred and fifty 
men are employed in their establishment which 
is fitted with the most approved machinery for 
the construction of furniture of tlie best type. 



A. PHILLIPS, resident at Green 
Bay, Wis., and member of G. A. R. 
Post No. 124, was born Februarys, 



1846 in Saranac, Clinton Co., New 
York, and he is the son of -lerred L. and Lucy 
(Felton) Phillips. He was still a boy when 
the civil war came on and was a little more 
than 15 years old when he became a soldier. 
In the latter part of 1861, he enlisted in Com- 
pany G, 16th New York Infantry at Plattsburg 
for two years and received honorable discharge 
about the last of May 1863 at Albany, New 
York. His roster of battles includes 15 names. 
His original enlistment was for three months 
and when the order was issued by the War 
Department to muster no more three months 
men he reenlisted with his command for two 
years service. His regiment was hurried for- 



ward and sent to Maryland to be assigned to 
McDowell's command. He participated in the 
first battle of Bull Run and was afterwards ni 
the sharp fight at Gainesville under Pope, at 
Manassas or 2nd Bull Run, at South Mountain, 
Antietam, first battle of Fredericksburg and in 
two subsequent actions on tiie Rappahannock 
River. He was wounded in. June 1862, at 
Gainesville, where he received a slight flesh 
wound. May 3, 1863, he was taken prisoner at 
Salem Heights and was sent to Castle Thunder 
in Richmond, where he remained three days 
and was sent thence to Belle Isle; May 15th, 
he was paroled and was never exchanged and 
returned to Albany where he was discharged as 
stated. The wound he received was caused by 
a spent ball. 

Two brothers of Mr. Phillips were soldiers in 
the Union army ; one enrolled in Company E, 
16tli New York Infantry and the other in the 
22nd New York Infantry. During the time his 
regiment was in Maryland it was joined by re- 
cruits and his brotlier was among them. 

On one occasion a detail from the regiment 
was assigned to protect the premises of a Marj'- 
land farmer who was a rebel sympathiser. 
They climbed into the trees in the oi'chard and 
were getting apples while Mr. Phillips was on 
the watch. He saw two men ajiproaching and 
one of them was an officer in civilian's dress 
who took the thieves into custody. Mr. Phil- 
lip's brother was among them and, after been 
held two hours he obtained his release by telling 
the guard that he would have him arrested for 
taking his brother when he was without his 
bayonet and belt. 

Mr. Phillips came to Wisconsin in 1869 and 
has since been engaged in lumbering and other 
interests. He was married at Green Bay, April 
11, 1874, to Marj' Jane O'Brien. His parents 
were natives of Fairfax, Vt., and his father was 
employed in an iron foundry. The parents of 
Mrs. Phillips were born in Nenagh, Ireland, 
where they were farmers. Mr. and Mrs. Phil- 
lips have no children. 

ERMAN MULLER, of Marinette, Wis., 
member of G. A. R. Post No. 207, 
was born in West Troy, New York, 
May 25, 1839, and is the son of 
Lewis Muller, now a resident at Friendshi)>, 
Wis., and a native of Canada of German paren- 




PERSONAL RECORDS. 



169 



tage. Philistia (Sear) Muller was born in Can- 
ada. Following are the names of Mr. Mailer's 
sisters ; — Aurelia, Mary, Flora, Ellen and Phil- 
istia. Mr. Muller came to Wisconsin in 1846. 
He enlisted in the fall of 1861 in Company A, 
2nd Wisconsin Cavalry at Fond du Lac for 
three years, veteranized early in 1864 and re- 
ceived honorable discharge in November 1865 
at Austin, Texas. The regiment passed the 
first winter in camp at Milwaukee and went 
thence to Springfield, Mo., where Mr. Muller re- 
mained about one year and was assigned to the 
body guard of General Brown. He was taken 
sick at Springfield and was in the hospital two 
months. Li November 1862, his battalion was 
assigned to the command of General Herron 
and went to the relief of General Blunt and was 
in the battle of Prairie Grove, ^[r. Muller re- 
ceived a furlough of 30 days and rejoined his 
regiment at Vicksburg. (At tlie battle of 
Prairie Grove the train was captured and Mr. 
Muller made a narrow escape) At Vicksburg 
Mr. Muller was on the personal guard of Gen- 
eral Davis and operated about a year as a scout. 
In Julj' they started for Alexandria and went 
thence in August to Texas, marclnng over 300 
miles with scan: rations for both men and 
honses. After benig mustered out they marched 
a hundred miles and proceeded thence across 
the Gulf of Mexico to New Orleans and to Mad- 
ison, Wis. At Alexandria, Mr. Muller con- 
tracted bone fever from which he has never re- 
covered. 

.July 6, 1869, he married Mary Lauderman,of 
Fond du Lac. They have five children, Jose- 
phine, Delphine, Noah, Leo and Mary Rose. 

Mrs. Muller was born in Canada, her par- 
ents being August and Terese (Nice) Lauder- 
man, and born in Canada. Her father was of 
German descent and her mother French. 

'OSEPH W. OLIVER, a citizen of Wau- 
pun. Wis., and editor and joint proprie- 
tor of the Waupun Leader, was a soldier 
in the Civil War and is a charter mem- 
of G. A. R. Post Hans C. Heg, No. 114. 
He was born Sept. 21, 1842, at Salem, Franklin 
Co., Maine, and came to Wisconsin with his pa- 
rents when he was eight years old. He is the 
son of Rufus C. Oliver, who was born at Anson, 
Maine May 6, 1817. The latter was the son of 



James Oliver, who was born Dec. 2, 1773, 

at Georgetown, Maine, and died Nov. 13, 
1827. Rebecca (Hinkley) Oliver, the grand- 
mother of Mr. Oliver, was born July 29, 
1787, and died May 20,1868. She belonged 
to an old and infiuential family in the 
Pine Tree State. Rufus C. Oliver married 
Cordelia Webster, who was descended from 
Revolutionary patriots and factors in the early 
settlement of the country. She was born at 
Wilton, Maine, .July 10, 1816, and died Sept. 
6, 1872. The father died March 30, 1874. He 
removed his family to Marke.san, Green Lake 
Co., Wis., in 1850, and his children received 
only common school educations. Mr. Oliver, 
of this sketch, was 18 years of age when, in 
1860, he entered the office of the Markesan 
Journal to receive training in the profession of 
his choice. A year later he transferred his la- 
bors to the Times, at Waupun, where he worked 
until he decided to enter the army. He en- 
Hsted Aug. 20, 1862, in Company A, 32nd 
Wisconsin Infantry, and passed two weeks at 
Fond du Lac in rendezvous when the company 
went to Camp Bragg at Oshkosh, and upon 
the election of non-commissioned officers was 
chosen 4th Corporal. He was one of about 50 
who enlisted at Waupun and about the same 
number enrolled at Fond du Lac in the same 
organization. He accompanied the regiment 
from the State October 30th and to Memphis 
preparatory to joining Grant in his movements 
against Vicksburg, and in the latter part of 
December his health became seriously im- 
paired. The command was then in the vicin- 
ity of Oxfoi'd in the raid known by that name 
and he had been on the forced marcli thence to 
Holly Springs and from there to Grand Junc- 
tion, a di.stance of 55 miles which was made in 
about 20 hours. The burden of their equip- 
ments and scarcity of rations made such 
marching a terrific [experience, and many of 
the regiment became very ill in consequence of 
the hardships of one of the heaviest marches 
on this record. Mr. Oliver was taken sick with 
pneumonia and was left at Grand Junction 
where he was picked up by members of the 
15th Michigan and placed in their field hos- 
pital, an old, dilapidated building, where he 
remained two weeks. When the i5th Michi- 
gan moved away he was transferred to a con- 
valescent camp at La Grange and, after a 
few days to Memphis, where he was assigned to 
the convalescent camp at Fort Pickering. He 



170 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



was taken there with others in box cars, con- 
tracted another cold and was attacked with 
brain fever, when he was sent to the fort hos- 
pital. When liis regiment returned lie was ta- 
ken to the regimental liospital and later, to a 
general hospital in Memphis known as the 
"Adams " hospital. After a week he received 
his discharge, dated March 15, 1863. The 
march referred to was commenced bj' the 
movement of the regiment to near Holly 
Springs, thence to Hurricane Creek, which 
point they left on the Oxford raid. Messen- 
gers overtook them witli intelligence of the 
surrender of Murphy at Holly Springs with all 
the supplies for the army during the campaign 
and a " double quick" took the regiment there 
and thence afterwards to Grand Junction after 
Forrest. Mr. Oliver " fell out " and the regi- 
ment pressed on to Jackson after Forrest. 

After his release from military allegiance, 
Mr. Oliver returned to Waupun and passed 
several months in recuperating his health. He 
was able to resume active life after a few months, 
but has never recovered his former vigor. He 
took a position in the office of the limes where 
he was employed about a year. He then 
went to Dartford, Green Lake county, and 
worked in the office of the Spectator about the 
same length of time, when he became associated 
with Captain Martin C. Short (see sketch) and 
they bought the paper, becoming sole proprie- 
tors by purchase. They continued to issue the 
Spectator there one year longer when it was 
transferred to Waupun and its name changed 
to the Waupun Leader. The latter publication 
was begun in August, 1S66, and Mr. Short re- 
mained connected with that journal five years 
when his intere.st was purchased by Mr. R. H. 01- 
iver,brother of Mr.Oliver of this account, and the 
brothers have since conducted its interests and 
affairs jointly, It is a staunch Republican 
sheet and enjoys a flattering degree of popular- 
ity on account of its outspoken and decided 
character. The quarters occupied by the plant 
are commodious and convenient and afford a 
striking contrast to many newspaper offices in 
point of neatness and careful management in 
all details pertainnig to appearance. The office 
is equipped with the most approved of modern 
fixtures, including steam, and stocked with 
type and presses to perform the work attendant 
on the business. 

Mr. Oliver was married Aug. 6, 1864, to 
Miss L. A. Morse, who died Aug. 25, 1880. 



They have one surviving daughter named Al- 
ice May, who is married to C. E. Rogers, a 
farmer in the vicinity of Waupun. A second 
daughter, Nellie Blanclie, died April 1st, 1875, 
at the age of three and one-third years. Sam- 
uel and Susan Moi'se, the parents' of Mrs. Oli- 
ver, were early settlers in Dodge county. (The 
main street of Waupun divides Dodge from 
Fond du Lac counties and the city lies in both ) 
Martin V. Morse, one of their sons, was a sol- 
dier in the 45th Wisconsin Infantry. 

Mr. Oliver is a man of superior ability in ex- 
ecutive relations which have been utilized by 
his fellow men in electing him to many offices 
of trust. He belongs to the Commandery of 
Knights Templar at Fond du Lac and the Ma- 
sonic Lodge and Chapter and Odd Fellows 
Lodge at his home. He is prominent in social 
and business circles and sustains the character 
of a man of probity and influence. 

ICHAEL MANGAN of Fond du Lac, 
W,^I(&A^ Wis., member of G. A. R. Post No. 
^'^jt^^ 130, was born Sept. 30, 1830, in the 
Parisli of Drumore, County Ty- 
rone, Ireland. He belongs to stock which has 
been distinguished for learning, wealth and po.si- 
tion in the Old and New Worlds and is tlie son of 
Edward and Ann (Kernan) Mangan. The 
father of his mother belonged to the same fam- 
ih' branch as the Hon. Francis Kernan of New 
York. Lieutenant Mangan went with his 
pai'ents to Scotland in May, 1847. After a re- 
sidence there of seven years he came to America 
and landed at the port of New York, Oct. 4, 
1854. He came to Wisconsin the next j^ear 
and located at Fond du Lac, where he remained 
until he enlisted in defense of the Union. He 
enrolled as a soldier at Fond du Lac, June 28, 
1861 in Company E, 6th Wisconsin Infantry, 
for three years, his company being recruited by 
Edward S. Bragg who became its captain and 
was afterwards in command of the "Iron Brig- 
ade" and is present Minister to Mexico, the com- 
pany being first known as Bragg's Rifles. He 
was promoted to Corjjoral and in November 
1861, was made Sergeant. July 1st, 1863, he 
was made 2nd Lieutenant for gallantry on the 
field at Gettysburg. Lieutenant Mangan was 
with his command from the action at Rappa- 
hannock Station until the fight at Gainesville, 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



171 



tlirougli whicli he passed to fight in the con- 
cluding action of the second Bull Run and in 
1863, fought at Chancellorsville and went into 
the first day's figlit at Gettysburg. He was 
wounded in his right leg and on the 2nd day 
of July, sutlered amputation. (See sketch of F. 
A. Deleglise.) In April, 1864, he was transferred 
to the Veteran Reserve Corps, and was stationed 
in the hospital at Central Park, New York, 
where he remained until the fall of the same 
year, when he went to Broom Street Barracks, 
a recruiting rendezvous. In July, 1865, his 
company was transferred to duty on David's 
Island in New York harbor. In September 
following he received orders to report to Colonel 
Flood of the iStli regiment V. R. C. at Spring- 
field, 111., by whom he was assigned to a com- 
pany stationed at Cairo. In December of tlie 
same year he received instructions to muster out 
his companj' and return to his home to await 
orders from the Adjutant General. He resided 
in the city of New York until April, when he 
went to Apalachicola, Fla., and in August, re- 
ceived leave of absence. He returned to his 
home and, under orders from the War Depart- 
ment, issued Sep. 6, 1866, he went to Washing- 
ton in December following. January 22nd, 
1867, he was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant in 
the Regular Army and continued in the. service 
until December 31, 1871, when he was placed 
on the retired list of the army. 

As a singular incident it is recorded that the 
6th Wisconsin led the brigade in the first day's 
fight at Gettyburg and was the leading brigade 
of the leading division of the leading corps on 
the march to Gettysburg and was the first 
regiment to engage the enemy. Lieutenant 
Mangan was an eye witness of the fall of 
Reynolds and saw his body carried to the rear 
on a stretcher. A Georgia brigade opened fire 
on the 6th Wisconsin and two New York 
York regiments from a railroad cut. The 
Union soldiers started forward on the double- 
quick, loading as they ran and Lieutenant 
Mangan was struck in the ankle joint by a 
minie ball which splintered the bones. He 
fell and tried to rise, unconscious that he was 
seriously injured, when he found his leg un- 
serviceable. Lieutenant Mangan found that he 
could not move, and sat down and surveyed 
the field ; he saw several men of his command 
who had been wounded, sitting on the ground 
and loading their muskets, after which they 
rose to their feet and fired. The "Iron Brigade" 



was not daunted by rebel bullets which flew 
thick and fast, but rushed forward with clubbed 
muskets, resulting in the surrender of the rebels. 
Tlie In-igade retreated almost immediately and 
in such haste that many of their prisoners 
escaped. The rebels pressed forward and Cap- 
tain J. H. Marston of Company E, (see sketch) 
attempted to carry Lieutenant Mangan to the 
rear but was unable to complete his self im- 
po.sed task and called Harry Dunn, the most 
muscular man of the companj', to his assistance. 
A gun belonging to Battery D, 4th U. S. Artil- 
lery, which had lost all its horses, stood near 
and the gunners were trying to run it back to 
safety. Lieutenant Mangan requested Dunn to 
place him on the gun and he was removed a 
short distance. Near the brow of a hill, a door 
was converted into a stretcher, on which Lieu- 
tenant Mangan was borne to the rear. He was 
carried to the Washington Hotel in Gettysburg 
which he reached just in advance of the rebels 
who captured the building and those in it and 
he was a prisoner until the rebel retreat, July 
3rd. The amputation of his limb was per- 
formed b}^ the surgeon of his regiment. When 
Lee's soldiers were killing cattle in the vicinity 
of the hotel, Dunn went to obtain some meat 
and was taken prisoner and taken to Rich- 
mond. He was afterwards paroled and re- 
turned to his regiment, serving through the 
period of his enlistment. Colonel H. A. Mor- 
row of the 24th Michigan, then incorporated in 
the Iron Brigade, was also captured with the 
hotel ; he put on a surgeon's badge and re- 
mained on duty in a medical capacity witiiout 
molestation until the retreat. On the night of 
the 3rd, Colonel Morrow made a reconnoissance 
and reported that, from all appearances, the 
Union army, lying in a semicircle some distance 
away, was preparing to retreat. He was entirely 
ignorant of the events of the day wiiich had 
been decisive. A rebel surgeon had stated that 
there would be a general night attack on the 
Union lines, to which Mangan retorted that 
the rel)els would probably spend the night in 
retreat, thus making a prophecy without being 
conscious of it, as he really feared the issue 
would be the other way. Lieutenant Mangan 
states : — " It would be impossible to describe 
my feelings when our boys rushed in the next 
morning, took our guards prisoners and re- 
leased us, as I had given up all hopes of such 
an event." He was in the Seminary hospital 
at Gettysburg until he was able to travel when 



172 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 




he received leave of absence and came to Fond 
du Lac. When he was assigned to the Veteran 
Reserve Corps, he removed liis famil}' to tiie 
cit_y of New York. When lie was placed on the 
retired list he returned to Fond du Lac and has 
since been engaged in the wholesale and retail 
liquor trade. He was married Sept. 29, 1849, 
in Edinburg, Scotland, to Jane McCoy who died 
July 29, 1875, leaving two sons and five daugh- 
ters. Lieutenant Mangan was again married 
Nov. 10, 1876, to Mrs. Ellen Flood. 

HRISTOPHER HILL, a prominent 
citizen and business man of Shawano, 
Wis., and a member of G. A. R. Post 

No. 81, was born June 22, 1835 in Hec- 
tor, Tompkins Co., New York, and he is the son 
of Levi and Charity (Weeks) Hill. The family 
removed to Waupaca county, Wisconsin, where 
the father died in 1876 and the mother is still 
living in Embarass and is 79 years old. Mr. 
Hill has two brothers and two sisters ; Albert is 
a farmer in Waupaca county, and Edgar is a 
mechanic residing in Shawano. Caroline mar- 
Reuben Clark and Mary Ellen is the wife of 
William Brinkerhoff. Mr. Hill was educated 
in the common schools and was on a farm until 
he decided to enter the army ; he enlisted in 
August, 1862, at Winneconne in Company B, 
21st Wisconsin Inlautry for three years or dur- 
ing the war and received honorable discharge 
in June, 1865, at Milwaukee. He was in ren- 
dezvous at Oshkosh and left the State with his 
command September 11th to report to Phil 
Sheridan at Louisville for duty, whence he went 
with the Army of the Ohio to tight at Perry- 
ville, October 8th, and afterward at Chickaraauga 
and Lookout Mountain. He was in the fights 
at Kenesaw and was wounded at Resaca in May, 
1864, a bullet striking the sand (which injured 
his eyes) and two others passed through his 
clothing. He was in the siege of Atlanta and 
was in constant action for some days without 
injury. He was in the fight at Peach Tree 
Creek and at Jonesboro and after the surrender 
at Atlanta went with Sherman to the sea. In the 
fight at Bentonville, he was in the heat of action 
and he was in the experiences of the regiment 
through to the close. When he went to the 
war he left his horses in a blacksmith shop and 
disposed of his farm produce as he best could, 



feeling that no time was to be lost in his coun- 
try's defense. He left his family in Winneconne 
where he returned after the war and soon after 
bought a farm in Embarass which he managed 
for seven years and was also engaged in lum- 
bering. About 1870, he went to Wolf River 
where he built a hotel known as the "Log 
Cabin," and he also engaged in lumbering until 
1882, when he removed to Shawano and estab- 
lished extensive business interests and where he 
has engaged in lumber interests, milling and 
manufacturing. 

He was married in 1857 to Rachel Rice 
of Oshkosh and two of their three childi'en are 
living. The mother died February 22, 1871, 
and Mr. Hill was married Nov. 20, 1871, to 
Evaline Rice, sister of the firist wife. Mr. Hill 
is an out and out Republican ; he is one of the 
substantial, self-made men of Northern Wiscon- 
sin and has placed himself in an independent 
position by perseverance, energy and business 
ability. He is a man of easy manners and pol- 
ished appearance ; is active and and energetic 
in all relations in life, popular with soldiers and 
prominent in Grand Army connections. 



EREMIAH H. MERRILL, of Chilton, 
Wis., and a former soldier of the civil 
war, was born Feb. 18, 1830, in Lowville, 
Lewis Co., New York. His father, 
Melancthon Merrill, was a native of the Empire 
State and was a Baptist preacher and a farmer. 
His mother, Judea (Harrington) Merrill, was 
born in the same State. The son passed his 
youth attending school and assisting on the 
farm. When he was 18, he went to Ohio to 
live with his uncle, Calvia Merrill, and passed 
the remaining y^ars of his minority on a farm 
in the Buckeye State. He returned to live with 
his father, who had a large family and needed 
his assistance and he acted as he could in such 
capacity. In 1853 they removed to Wisconsin 
where "they together bought a quarter-section 
of new land and operated as farmers, the senior 
Merrill also preaching. Jan. 7, 1855, the son 
married Angeline Coleman and still continued 
in active agricultural pursuits until he entered 
the army. In the fall of 1862, he enlisted in 
the 18th Wisconsin Infantry, but the command 
being full he was assigned to Company B, 5th 
Wisconsin Infantry at Menominee. He joined 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



173 



the regiment iu time for the battle of Freder- 
icksburg in April, at Fitzliugh's Crossing before 
the battle of Chancellorsville, and he was in the 
terrific charge on Marye's Heights where his 
Colonel led the assault. (See sketch of T. S. 
Allen.) He was wounded May 3rd and was 
reported in the despatches. He was disabled 
three months and on sick Ituive in a hospital at 
Washington. After the battle of Gettysburg 
(during his absence) the regiment was ordered 
to New York to aid in quelling the riot and he 
joined the command on Governor's Island in 
the harbor. With the reunited regiment he 
went to the front and in November was in the 
charge on the rebel works at Rappahannock 
Station. If the " fighting 5th " had accom- 
plished no other gallant deed than this, in 
wliicli two regiments won victor)^, it would 
have been enough to distinguisli the command 
as brave. Mr. Merrill was in the pursuit to 
Brandy Station and fought at Mine Run. In 
May he was in the fight in the Wilderness and 
in action three days. May 8th, he fouglit at 
Spottsylvania, where he received the injuries 
which terminated his connection witli military 
life and left him ineffacable traces of the 
emergencies a man encounters in battle. On 
the 10th of May he was in a charge on the 
rebel rifle pits and fired three times. The reb- 
els crowded up as he made his way back and 
he shot down the color bearer. At the same 
instant he was hit in both ankles and was, soon 
after, accosted by a rebel officer who asked the 
name of his regiment. He was lying between 
the fires of tlie two lines and tlie otheer, observ- 
ing his condition ordered him to go to the rear ; 
he crawled on his hands and knees across the 
rifle pits. Rebels raised an inquiry concerning 
him and were told by the otticer to allow him 
to pass through the lines and he crawled to a 
place behind a pine tree, where he lay until 
morning on a pile of straw. He was taken to 
Spottsylvania C. H. and left on the ground. 
His sufferings were indescribable and he finally 
borrowed a jack-knife and cut his boots off. 
While there. General Lee on his white horse 
rode up and ordered the wounded carried back 
out of the sun. He was taken the following 
morning to a large tent, where he remained 
three days before anything was done for him 
and then he received some coffee and crackers. 
The next morning the surgeon came and 
amputated his right foot, yielding to his en- 
treaties not to take off the other, as he had a 



family to support. On the next day the re- 
moval to Riclnnond l)egan,the two days on the 
road being full of sulTering and want. He 
eagerly looked for anything eatable on the 
road and finally found some sheep-sorrel, 
whicii he pronounces this day the sweetest food 
that ever pa.ssed liis lij)s. He passed three 
months in the Pemberton building where he 
encountered all the hardships and horrors 
which have been told repeatedly on these pages. 
In July, 1865, he received parole and was sent 
to Annapolis, wliere he had a severe fall which 
caused his wound to break out afresh and he 
was under surgical care three weeks. He was 
then sent to Wisconsin and was discharged at 
Madison .July 17, 1865. 

He returned to his home at Chilton where 
he has since resided and has performed such 
work as possible on crutches. To him and his 
wife tliree children have been spared. They 
are named Francis, Adah and Mary and are 
married. Esther and Hattie are deceased. 

Mr. Merrill is the descendant of patriots of 
the Revolution in which his paternal great 
graiulfather fought. His brother Charles was 
a soldier and starved to death at Andersonville. 
John, anotlier brother, was also a soldier. Mr. 
Merrill belongs to Post 205. 

ARTIN C. SHORT, editor and pro- 
/V^'i\ prietor of the Brandon, Wis., 
'''^ i ^^f^ 'i'tnien, and a member of G. A. 
R. Post No. 13(J, was born Nov. 4, 
1836 in the town of Minnisink, Orange Co., 
New York. He was a member of his father's 
household until he attained his majority and 
was engaged in acquiring his education. He 
received a good elementary training and, after 
he became master of his own fortunes, he at- 
tended school at Ripon during the terms of 
two years, teaching in the interims in Green 
Lake county. He then entered Beloit College 
where he was a student a year and was connected 
with that institution when the cry for soldiers 
to assist the Goverment rang through Wiscon- 
sin. In April, 1861 he enlisted at Beloit in a 
company whicli was disbanded, owing to some 
misunderstanding among its othcers and he 
went home and worked on his father's farm 
until the fall of 1862. November 10th, he en- 
rolled in Company I, 31st Wisconsin Infantry 



174 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



for three years or during the war, euhsting at 
Dartford, Green Lake county. The first six 
companies of the organization Iiad been mus- 
tered into service in October and were engaged 
in State duty during the draft after November 
14tli. The recruits were sent to join the battal- 
ion, which had been stationed at K'lcine, and 
Mr. Short was mustered in with the members 
of the command, Dec. 24tli, and left the State 
March 1st, 1863. The preparation of the regi- 
ment for military dutj' is mentioned as specially 
thorough. The command went to Cairo and 
thence to Fort Halleck, near Columbus, Ky., 
where varied duty was performed until Septem- 
ber, including scouting, skirmi.'^hing, picket and 
guard details, some of which was in arduous 
service, all the regiment being exposed to ma- 
larial and other disceases incident to the posi- 
tion. The rates of sickness and death were fear- 
ful. In September, a movement to Nashville 
was made and in October to La Vergne, Tenn., 
where the command acted as railroad guard 
until late in the month, wlien the 31st went to 
Murfreesboro to guard lines of railroad. In 
April, the regiment was broken into detach- 
ments and detailed for a distance of thirty miles 
from Murfreesboro. In June it was again con- 
solidated and went to Nashville. At that city, 
the soldiers of the regiment were detailed as 
patrol guard until July, when orders were re- 
ceived to connect with the army besieging At- 
lanta. The regiment was in the trendies there 
until the close of the Atlanta campaign and 
was constantly under rebel fire. In September 
it entered Atlanta and, during the following 
month, was on frequent and dangerous forage 
and escort duty in the heart of rebeldom in the 
midst of an infuriated and desperate foe. In 
November, the 31st started on the march to the 
sea and in December had a considerable fight 
with the rebels a few miles from Savannah. 
They were in several actions during the siege of 
the city and went into quarters within the 
fortifications after the capture of the city. In 
January, the regiment joined the division at 
Purisburg, S. C, and, after the water subsided 
(which held them there 11 days,) they went on 
the route through South Carolina and partici- 
pated in the work of rendering the rebels power- 
less in their own strongholds. This service in- 
cluded the destruction of roads, building high- 
ways, foraging, skirmishing, repelling attacking 
parties and other duty incident to wearisome 



marches through swamps and country alreadj- 
stripped of resources. 

Mr. Short was made 1st Sergeant on the or- 
ganization of his company and was commis- 
sioned 1st Lieutenant April 16, 1864 while on 
duty on the Nashville & Chattanooga railroad. 
April 20, I860, he received his commission as 
Captain of Company I, and was mustered out as 
such July following at Louisville, Ky. He was 
in command of his company from the date of 
his commission until his connection with mili- 
tary life was severed, except for about 20 days, 
and he kept the books and all accounts and 
made nearly every muster roll of the organiza- 
tion after lie entered the army. He commanded 
his company in the actions during the marches 
of the month of March and was in several 
skirmishes, among which were Chesterfield, 
Thompson's Creek and Averysboro. His heav- 
iest fighting was at Bentonville and he accom- 
panied the command throughout the remainder 
of its service until the close of hostilities. 
He was not wounded nor in hospital, al- 
though he was several times absent from duty 
on account of slight illness. 

He returned from the army to Dartford and 
in November following w'ent into a printing 
office there, buj'ing an interest in the Green 
Lake Spectator with J. W. Oliver. (See sketch.) 
The}' conducted the paper there until August 
1S66, when they removed the plant to Waupun 
and shirted the publication of the Leader, which 
they published until Oct. 1, 1871, when Mr. 
Short sold his interest and removed to Bran- 
don. He became proprietor by purchase of the 
journal with whose publication he has since 
been connected, and has, bj' eftbrt and industry 
largely increased the circulation and made the 
paper popular. 

Mr. Short is the son of Josiah and Susan 
(McDowell) Short, and his father was born in 
1806 and was a farmer. He came to Wiscon- 
sin in 1851 and died in 1880. The mother was 
a native of Sullivan Co., New York, and was 
born in 1809, dying in 1887. John Short, the 
father of Josiah, was a British soldier in the 
Revolution and was in the three charges at 
Bunker Hill. (Breed's Hill.) Later in the 
struggle, the founder of the family in America 
deserted from the British army and made his 
way into the lines of the Continental army and 
acted during the remainder of the war as a 
waggoner. In the maternal line of descent Mr. 
Short is of Holland Dutch and Scotch extrac- 



• PERSONAL RECORDS. 



175 



tion. Oct. 19, 1865, he was married to Sarah 
H. Churchill, who died Feb. 19, 1872. .June 
25, 1876 he was again married to Clara A. 
Hogle of Brandon. Hattie, the daughter of the 
first wife, is married to Albert Goodall. The 
children of the second marriage are Mary, 
Martin C. Jr., and Roy. They were born 
respectively in August, 1871, September, 1878, 
and -July, 1882. Mr. Short has been postmaster 
at Brandon 12 years and was appointed by 
President Grant and dismissed b}^ Mr. Cleve- 
land for " offensive partisanship." He is a man 
who knows why he fought in the federal army 
and stands sturdily to his guns. He has been 
Superintendent of the Sunday School of the 
Congregational Cliurch at Brandon 16 years 
and officiated in the same capacity at Waupun 
four years. He acted as Clerk of the School 
Board 10 years. He is a useful and reliant 
meiuber of his generation and enjoys the confi- 
dence and esteem of his fellow-men. He is a 
charter member of Post No. 136 and has held 
various official positions therein. He is Master 
of the Masonic Lodge at Brandon. 

OSEPH H. WOODNORTH, a prominent 
business man of Waupaca, Wis., and a 
member of G. A. R. Post No. 21, was 
born Dec. 17, 1845 in the city of New 
York. His parents were of Engl is) i origin and 
came to America from Worcestershire in 1842 
and formed a part of the element which con- 
ducted the affairs of the country in that period. 
They located in the metropolis of the Unitetl 
States and came to Waupaca in 1856. He was 
reared there after the age of 11 years and re- 
ceived a good education and training in an 
understanding of general affairs which awak- 
ened in him a comprehension of the duties 
pertaining to his citizenship. He was only 
seventeen when he enlisted in Company G, 
21st Wisconsin Infantry. He enrolled at Wau- 
paca, Dec. 29, 1863, and went into the ranks. 
He served with the 21st until .June 28, 1864, 
when he was detailed on the personal staff of 
General George H. Thomas as Orderly, and re- 
mained in that connection until the close of 
the war. He was breveted captani by " Pap " 
Thomas for services on the field, but never 
mustered and received from the hand of his 
commander the following tribute, which, con- 



sidered in view of its source and the time it 
was issued to him, take precedence of any com- 
mission in a regular manner that could have 
been offered him. A verbatim copy is pre- 
sented. It is without date as might have been 
expected from the circumstances, as General 
Thomas was in the full ttush of satisfaction and 
resting under gratified ambition and patrio- 
tism. " Headquarters of the Army of the Cum- 
berland. My Dear Sir: — I have the honor to 
congratulate you for the heroism and bravery 
you have this day shown, which I assure you, 
is fully recognized. We have gained a great 
victory and you must share the honor. On 
field of battle, Franklin, Tenn. Geo. H. 
Thomas. Major-General Commandnig. To 
Joseph H. Woodnorth." No other comment is 
needed concerning the character of the services 
rendered by Captain Woodnorth. 

He received honorable discharge Sep. 1, 
1865, at Nashville, Tenn. On these pages 
there are nearly twice a score of personal 
records of the gallant soldiers of the 21st. 
Every detail of their histories is given and dis- 
closes the entire service of one of the regiments 
of which the Badger State is still justly proud. 
On the roster of the battles of Captain Wood- 
north are Buzzard's Roost, Resaca, Pumpkin 
Vine Creek, Big Shanty, Kenesaw, Peach Tree 
Creek, Atlanta, Franklin and Nashville and he 
came to Madison to be mustered out. 

He returned to Waupaca and from 1868 
to 1870 officiated as City Marshal. He pros- 
pected some time in the farther West and after 
his I'eturn was engaged in the business of a 
merchant at Waupaca two years. In 1875 
he became interested in the bu.siness of a 
druggist in which he has since operated. He 
has been Chief of the Fire Department of Wau- 
paca, Superintendent of the city scliools eight 
years, two years a member of the County Board, 
and Register of Deeds five years. In 1883-4 he 
officiated as Chairman of the Democratic County 
Committee and in 1886 was candidate for Sen- 
ator from his District. He was Presidential 
Elector of the 9th District in 1884 receiving 
the highest number of votes on the ticket. He 
was a member of the Democratic State Central 
Committee four years and has just been ap- 
pointed Register in the United States Land Of- 
fice, at Menasha, Wis., 1888. Through his in- 
strumentality the post at Waupaca was organ- 
ized and he was its first Commander. 

He has been conspicuous for his activ- 



176 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 




Antoine 



ity in Grand Army matters and is a mem- 
ber of tlie Board of Trustees of Wisconsin 
Veterans' Home and an active organizer of 
posts in Wisconsin. He is President of tlie 21st 
Volunteer Infantry Association, and is Past 
Grand Patriarch and Grand Representative of 
Wisconsin to tlie Sovereign Grand Lodge, I. 0. 
0. F. held at Los Angeles, Cal., in September, 
1888. He is Past Chancellor of the Knights of 
Pythias at Waupaca and is Warden of the Ma- 
sonic Lodge at that place. 

Captain Woodnorth was married Dec. 26, 
1871 to Irene Vaughan. She is the daughter 
of James Vaughan of Erie Co., New York. 
Their only child is named Blanche and was 
born June 1, 1876. 

^RANK OLIVE, Menomonee, Mich., 
member of G. A. R. Post No. 266, was 
born at Van Kleck Hill, Province of 
Ontario, April 3, 1840, and is the son of 
and Esther (Coudjura) Olive. His 
father was born in France, emigrated at an 
early age to Canada and, in latter life, was mail 
messenger between the Provinces and States. 
He was a soldier in the war of 1812 and en- 
listed under the name of Antoine Rubroir, the 
latter being the paternal name of his mother. 
The family removed to Watertown, Jefferson 
Co., New York, where the son grew to manhood. 
He came to Wisc6nsin in 186(5 and operated as 
a painter at Oconto. He enlisted October 8, 
1861, at Oconto, in Company F, 12th Wiscon- 
sin Infantry for three years and received hon- 
orable discharge in 1863. From the date of his 
enlistment, Mr. Olive experienced the varieties 
of camp life at Madison, joining the forces on 
their way to the front, marching under stress 
of weather, eathig frozen rations or without 
food, sleeping on the ground with the nrercury 
20 degrees below zero without protection, and 
finally reaching Leavenworth, Kansas, in the 
middle of February to be assigned to the "South- 
west Expedition" and to marcli a long distance 
to Fort Scott. The plan being abandoned, 
more marching was in order and the 12th went 
to Lawrence, Kansas, and thence to Fort Rdey, 
expecting to be sent to New Mexico. Another 
change was made and tlie command went to 
Leavenworth. The programme of movement 
was continued and the regiment went to St. 



Louis and events again changed the route of 
the command. The rehels had destroyed a 
railroad in their retreat from Columbus and the 
regiment was sent to its repair, and also to at- 
tend to the guerrillas. In June, Mr. Olive went 
to Humboldt, Tenn., and guarded railroads, 
and watclied and hunted guerrillas until Octo- 
ber. Thence he went to Bolivar, next to Poca- 
hontas and back to LaGrange, to Lumpkin's 
Mills, Holly Springs, Yocona Creek and Spring- 
dale Station. In April, he was in a fight on the 
Coldwater River, where the regiment was on 
special duty and afterwards, to Memphis. In 
May he proceeded to take part in the opera- 
tions against Vicksburg, crossed the peninsula, 
skirmished all the way and fought in the left 
wing under General Crocker during the siege. 
At the date of the surrender Mr. Olive was sick 
with fever and ague, but he went to Jackson to 
find his command, and was met by his com- 
manding officer who inquired how he got there, 
knowing hini to be unfit for the journey. He 
was violently ill after it, being delirious and 
unconscious until September, when .he was sent 
to Memphis. He was so ill that his comrades 
were summoned several times to see him die. 
At Memphis he was exempted from duty and 
in December, veteranized and received veteran's 
furlough, which was extended to 43 days. In 
May he returned to the army, marching 300 
milles to connect with the Army of the Ten- 
nessee near Snake Gap, Ga., and he was in the 
several actions known as "Kenesaw Mountain." 
He was in the fight at Lookout and Snake Gap 
and moved with tlie command to Atlanta. The 
service performed by the 12th in the action of 
the day on which McPherson was killed, saved 
the Federal army from defeat and they re- 
mained in the trenches there a month. In the 
action of the 22nd of July, Mr. Olive was in the 
thickest of the fight where the rebels and Fed- 
erals were often commingled and could not dis- 
tinguish friends from foes. His clothes were 
cut to pieces by bullets and his canteen and 
haversack ruined. He was in the movement 
back to Nashville to the assistance of Thomas 
but was just too late to be in the fight. Mr. Olive 
went with his command to Savannah skirmish- 
along the line of movement and was in the ac- 
tion at Fort McAllister. Thence he proceeded 
through the Carolinas, going to Beaufort, S. C, 
by sea and went to Bentonville and later to 
Goldsboro, joining in the pursuit of Johnston to 
the surrender. He participated in the Grand 



Personal records. 



177 



Review at Washington, where he was mustered 
out of service. 

He returned to Oconto and engaged as a car- 
penter. He went, soon after, to Peshtigo where 
he remained until 1S71 and passed with his 
famil)' through tlie horrors of the fire. All the 
possessions of his family were lost and with his 
wife and three children, on the night of Octo- 
ber 8th, he remained in the Peshtigo River. 
One of the little ones was a babe and died after- 
wards. Mr. Olive states that the terrors and 
suffering he endured ni the tire ranked those of 
the war by all odds. From Peshtigo, Mr. Olive 
went to Green Bay, destitute of everything, 
blinded and expecting to lose his sight perman- 
ently from burns and exposure to the glar- 
ing light of the fire. Captain Reynolds of Com- 
pany A, 12th Wisconsin Infantry, saw and recog- 
nized him as a soldier of his former command, 
took him in charge and took care of him as he 
required, like a man and a soldier ot the Union 
He went to Symco, Waupaca county, where he 
remanied with his brother until he was well 
and then he went to Marinette for a short stay. 
In 1872 he went to Meuomonee and five years 
later he returned to the scene of his former 
troubles — at Peshtigo. Two and a half years 
later he made a final return to Menomonee. 
He is employed by tlie Luddington, Wells & 
Van Schaick Lumber Company for whom he 
has served nine years, (1888). Two of his 
brothers fought in the war. Michael was in the 
12th and Joseph was a member of New York 
Heavy Artillery. He was a boiler inspector 
and was killed by the explosion of a boiler he 
was examining. 

Sept. 12, 18*)5, the marriage of Mr. Olive and 
Amelia Grandau took place and their children 
are Frank J., William Henry, Mary, Lizzie, Ed- 
ward, .John D., Robert and Lillie May, as men- 
tioned. Mrs. Oliver is of French origin and 
was born in Canada. David Plush, a brother- 
in-law of Mr. Olive, was killed in front of Atl- 
anta, in 1864. 

OHN DAVIS of Brillion, Calumet Co., Wis., 
was born Sept. 3, 1847, on the sea, while 
his parents were emigrating to America 
from Bavaria, Aug. 29, 1862, he enlisted 
as a soldier for theUnion just before he was fifteen 
years old and was enrolled in Company H, 7th 



Maryland Infantry for three years ; he re- 
ceived his discharge M^iy 21, 186.5, at Arlington 
Heights at the termination of the war. His 
Captain was named James B. Cochran. He 
was assigned to 3d Brigade, 3d Division and 
5th Army Corps in which were the Iron Brigade, 
and other Wisconsin regiments. With his 
command he fought at Marye's Heights, at 
Malvern Hill and in the battles of the Wilder- 
ness, where he was hit in the left leg by a spent 
shot, but did not leave his post and continued 
to fight through the nine days of activity fol- 
lowing. He was also a participant in the bat- 
tle of Getty.sburg, in the assaults on Peters- 
burg, at the Crater, in the tearing up of the 
Weldon railroad, in the Shenandoah Valley 
and at Five Forks and did solid duty with 
the command until the close of the war, par- 
ticipating in all in 24 battles and skirmishes. 
He taken prisoner at the time he was wounded, 
but escaped after a detention of two hours. 

He removed to Wisconsin in 1879 and has 
since resided at Brillion and worked at his bus- 
iness as a shoemaker until the spring of 1888, 
when he obtained an appointment as assistant 
in the Manitowoc Co. Asylum. He has three 
brothers — August, Christian and Theodore. 

OSEPH LEE, a deceased soldier of the 
civil war and formerly a citizen of 
Northport, Waupaca Co., Wis., was born 
Nov. 22, 1842, ni London, England. His 
father, William Lee, emigrated to America 
about 1855 and located at Briggsville, Dane 
Co., Wisconsin. The son was there reared on his 
father's farm and, became a soldier. He en- 
listed at Madison, Wis., Oct. 5, 1864, in Com- 
pany H, 11th Wisconsin Infantry, and joined 
the regiment as a recruit at Brashear City, La., 
and remained there until Feb. 26, 1865. The 
interim had been passed in guard and garrison 
duty and in expeditions in the adjacent coun- 
try. It was necessary for the soldiers of the 
command to be constantly on the alert lest boats 
with supplies for rebels should make their way 
up the rivers and bayous, and the command 
was occupied a great share of their time in 
watching and guarding against contingencies 
and in ettbrt to destroy the communications of 
the rebels. In January and February the for- 
tifications of the city were built and on the day 



178 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



stated the regiment went to New Orleans to be 
brigaded for the attack on Mobile. They pro- 
ceeded to the scene of action at Spanish Fort 
and guarded a train while the corps invested 
the fort. Thence they went to Fort Blakely, 
where the regiment was in the heat of the action 
and expo.sed to heavy tire while under orders 
to drive the rebels into tlieir works. Li the 
final assault, the 11th Wisconsin made the rec- 
ord which placed it on par with the others of 
the State which had been differently connected 
witli active service. The soldiers planted their 
flag on the fortifications which tliej^ reached 
over obstructions of every variety tliat mali- 
cious ingenuity could devise. The 11th went 
thence to Montgomery Ala., and returned to 
Mobile, where guard and provost duty was per- 
formed until September 5th, when the regi- 
ment was mustered out and returned to Wis- 
consin to be disbanded. At Fort Blakely, Mr. 
Lee received a ball in his left knee which 
cost him the use of the limb. He was sent to 
the hospital at Sedgwick, Ala., whence he was 
discharged April 5, 1865, as unfitted for fur- 
ther service. 

Mr. Lee removed from Briggsville to Portage 
City, Columbia county, and when he able was 
employed in the machine shops at that place. 
In 1884 he removed to Northport, and opera- 
ted as stationary engineer. He continued to 
reside at that place until his death, which oc- 
curred Feb. 2"2, ISSS, from acute inflammation 
of the spleen. In 1863 Mr. Lee was married 
to Melissa Eddy at Madison and they located at 
Portage City where the wife died Nov. 24, 1876, 
leaving four children : William, James, 
Charles and Rose. May 1, 1878, Mr. Lee was mar- 
ried to Josephine Alollasau and their chil- 
dren are named Joseph, Matilda, Harry and 
Minnie. 

ENRY M. MONTGOMERY, Pitts- 
ville, Wis., and a member of G. A. 
R. Post No. 73, was born May 20, 
1844, at Freetown, Courtland Co., 
New York, and is the son of Thomas and Eliza 
Jane (Smitli) Montgomery. Witliin the year 
of his bii'th his parents removed to Wisconsin 
and located at Racine, removing thence in 
1848, to Sauk county. In 1857, they efiected 
another removal to Minnesota where they set- 
tled on a farm. The .son received a common 




school education at Glencoe and was a farmer 
until he entered the army of the United States. 
He enlisted March 14, 1863, in the 3rd Min- 
nesota Battery, at FortSnelling for three j'ears. 
He received honorable discharge March 14, 
1866, at the same place where he enrolled in the 
service. The battery was sent to the frontier 
where the Indians were troublesome and in the 
contests with the redskins and in guarding the 
people in the frontier settlements the entire 
period of his military life was passed. The 
dangers and hardships were those common to 
that class of service. About the last of April, 
soon after enlisting, he was ill and was sent to 
the general hospital at Fort Snelling, remain- 
ing under treatment until June, when he went 
with his battery to the frontier service. During 
this he was again sick from the effects 
of drinking alkali water, which was so strong 
that their coffee was made over night to enable 
them to drink it. 

After being discharged at Fort Snelling, Mr. 
Montgomery returned to his father's where he 
attended school several terms and, in 1875, 
came to Wisconsin, settling in Sauk county. 
In 1881, he returned to Minnesota, and came 
back to Portage county four years later. In 
the year following, he became a resident at 
Pittsville where he is occupied in the business 
of a carpenter. Mr. Montgomery officiated as 
Town Clerk of Richmond, Minn., as Constable 
of the same place and Deputy Sheriff of Meeker 
county. He was one of the charter members 
of G. A. R. Post No. 28, in Minnesota, whence 
he was transferred to G. A. R. Post No. 73 at 
Pittsville. 

He was married to Agnes Wilson, Dec. 27, 
1S71, and they have the following children: — 
TIjomas B., Henry M., Eliza Jane. Mary Belle 
is deceased. 

ENJAMIN F. ANDREAVS, lola, Wis., 
belonging to G. A. R. Post No. 99, 
was born in Painesville, Lake Co., 
Ohio. He lived in the Buckeye State 
until he was 13 years old, when his parents, Alvie 
and Charlotte Rogers (Woodward) Andrews, 
removed to Wisconsin and located at Oak Grove 
in Dodge county. When he attained his ma- 
jority, Mr. Andrews went to Appleton and was 
a resident of that city 18 months. In 1856 he 




PERSONAL RECORDS. 



179 



went to Little River in Waupaca county and 
thence, after several years to Ogdensburg, which 
was his home when the rebellion came on. He 
enlisted in the summer of 18G2 in Company G, 
21st Wisconsin Infantry at Waupaca for three 
years. During his period of service, he was 
made Corporal and he was discharged June 8, 
1865, with his command. The story of the 
21st in all its detail is related on many pages of 
this volume and Mr. Andrews was a participant 
in all the exposures, hardships, marches and 
encounters with the confederates in which the 
regiment was engaged, until the fight at At- 
lanta -July 28, when he was ill and unable to go 
into action. He did not go to the hospital and 
this was the only casualty which overtook him 
during his service. His roster includes Perry- 
ville. Stone River, Hoover's Gap, Dug Gap, 
Chickamauga, Resaca, Dallas, Kenesaw, Peach 
Tree Creek, Jonesboro, and after Atlanta, the 
march through Georgia, North and South 
Carolina, the fight at Bentonville and the march 
afterwards to Washington, where he witnessed 
and was a part of the Grand Review. He was 
in the service nearly three years and, during 
that time, had only the respite from duty which 
has been mentioned. 

On his return to Wisconsin he located in 
Waupaca county which has since been his resi- 
dence, with the exception of two years he 
passed in Lincoln county. In the year of 1883 
he lived in Union, Wis., and was Chairman of 
the Town Board two years. Mr. Andrews is a 
Republican in politics, and is Adjutant of G. 
A. R. Post No. 99. He has been engaged as a 
clerk in mercantile establishments for some 
years, and in 1885 entered upon the duties of 
his present position as chief clerk in the com- 
mercial establishment of 0. P. Hoyard at Tola. 
He was married at Oak Grove in October, 1867, 
to Maria Quimby, and their children, Chester 
F. and Nettie, are both married and reside in 
lola. 

ANIEL EMMETT CAREY, Grand 
Rapids, AVis., member of G. A. R. 
Post No. 22, was born Oct. 6, 1843, 
at Three Rivers, Hampden County, 
Mass., and is the son of John D. and Joanna 
(Moriarty) Cary, both of whom were born in 
Halle, County "Kerry, Ireland, respectively in 




1811 and 1813. His parents removed in his 
infancy to Will county. 111., and three years 
later came to Dodge county in the (then) ter- 
ritory of Wisconsin, where the son was brought 
up on the farm. The homestead was sold in 
the .spring of 1856, his fatlier returning to 
Massachusetts, but he had tasted the independ- 
ence of life in the West and in 1857 came back to 
Wisconsin ; after passing two months at Mineral 
Point he bought a farm in Adams county, 12 
miles from Grand Rapid's and Mr. Carey re- 
mained at home as his father's assistant until 
he enlisted, August 22, 1862, in Company K, 
25th Wisconsin Infantry at Monroe, for three 
years. He was made Corporal in 1865 and 
received honorable discharge June 7th of that 
year. On the march to the sea he acted as 
Commissary Sergeant of the regiment without 
regular appointment, there being no time after 
Atlanta for minor matters and no regimental 
papers could be forwarded. The regiment was 
in rendezvous at Camp Salomon, La Crosse, 
and went thence to Minnesota, being stationed 
at Fort Snelling about the time of the massacre 
at New Ulm. The command reported to Gen- 
eral Pope and were variously di.sposed. Com- 
pany K being stationed at Winnebago City 
(Fort Rusk). In October, Mr. Carey was one 
of the 12 who were detailed from the command 
of Lieutenant L. S. Grow, to go to Martin 
county, 22 miles from Winnebago City, to do 
frontier duty. One night at 9 o'clock they 
were attacked by Indians, who were rejjulsed. 
The redskins circled about them and signaled 
to each other until daylight, their "meow" 
betraying their proximity. In the morn- 
ing tlie grass around the quarters,- a block- 
house with surrounding breast works, was 
trampled flat. The Indians had previously 
burned all dwellings and only one house was 
in existence for miles. The detachment was 
mounted and performed the duty of scouts 
until the 1st of December when they were 
ordered back to Madison. Tliey marched 250 
miles to Winona and thence to La Crosse, their 
last day's march including -14 miles over rough 
roads of frozen clay and snow in intense cold 
weather. At Winona, the citizens gave them 
a banquet in appreciation of their services. 
Tliey proceeded to Madison, where Colonel 
Montgomery applied for furlough for his men 
without obtaining it. After the refusal of Gen- 
eral Pope he applied to Governor Salomon who 
declined the responsibility. Colonel Mont- 



180 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



gornery gave them 10 days on his own is- 
sponsibility at the end of which every man 
reported for duty but tliree. Colonel Mont- 
gomery had been notified that the men must 
wait 10 days for the paymaster and he took 
the responsibility of making liis men happy 
meanwhile. In Minnesota the soldiers had had 
excellent rations, including game and fish. 
At Madison they had rations of sour bread and 
loud smelling meat. The men mounted the 
meat on their bayonets and marched through 
the camp. Colonel Dill was in command and 
the 30th regiment was then in rendezvous, 
which was ordered out under arms to suppre.ss 
the meat riot. Lieutenant Colonel Nasmith 
and Colonel Dill had a conflict, the com- 
mandant undertaking to place Nasmith under 
arrest but failed ; the matter was adjusted and 
the discontents received wholesome rations 
along with the title of the " bloody 25th." In 
February, 1863, tliey went to Columbus, Ky., 
where they performed garrison duty until May, 
when they went to Vicksburg to participate in 
the siege. They went next to Helena, where 
they remained until February, 1864, the regi- 
ment being in a frightful condition from disease 
contracted in the swamps of the Mississippi. 
They went next on the Meridian campaign 
where they performed service in the destruction 
of railroads and other property' and returned to 
Vicksburg. Tliey went next to Florence and 
Decatur, where they had a sharp fight and Mr. 
Carey was wounded in the third finger of his 
left hand which was paralysed for five months, 
but he did not leave his post of duty and he 
was never absent a day. He was in the fight 
at Resaca, Dallas, Pine and Lost Mountains, 
Peach Orchard, Decatur, Jonesboro, Sal- 
kahatchie. River's Bridge, South Edisto, 
Wilkes' Mills, Cheraw and Bentonville, and 
others, including Savannah and Atlanta and, 
after leaving the latter place, skirmished nearly 
every day until Goldsboro was reached. After 
the surrender of Johnston, they marched 
through Virginia to Washington and partic- 
ipated ni the Grand Review. Mr. Carey re- 
turned to Wisconsin and located at Port 
Edwards where his father had removed. He 
passed two years as head sawyer in a mill and 
in running the river. November 10, 1867, he 
was married to Mary Ann Rawson and moved 
to Waushara county where he was occupied 
in farming. In tlie fall of 1870, his wife with 
her child. Rose Alice, was alone in the house 



when her clothes took fire and she was so 
badly burned that she lived only 21 days. He 
then engaged in blacksmithing and in 1875 
was obliged to relinquish that business on ac- 
count of rheumatism contracted at Macon, Ga. 
He was engaged nearly three years in the sale 
of sewing machines and was afterwards occupied 
as a salesman at Grand Rapids. In 1882 he 
was elected City Marshall of Grand Rapids and 
served five years. In 1887 he engaged in the 
business of a carpenter and then as salesman 
for a nursery firm. He was married Dec. 
23, 1871, to Matilda Ann Rawson, a niece of 
his first wife and their sons are named John 
Daniel and Emmet W. 

Eugene Moriarty, his uncle, was a soldier in 
the 17th Wisconsin Infantry. Mr. Carey has 
officiated as Commander of Post 22, and as 
Officer of the Day. He lias acted in the ca- 
pacity of Aid on the staffs respectively of Con\- 
luanders Euos and Cheek of the Department 
of Wisconsin and as Aid on the staff of Com- 
mander-in-Chief E. T. Burdett of Philadelphia, 
of the National Encampment. He also acted 
as Aid on the staff of General Fairchild and is 
the leading spirit of the Post at Grand Rapids. 

^)SAAC MOSS, of Stevens Point, Wis., 
1" member of G. A. R. Post No. 156, was 
(5I born in Ira, Cayuga Co., New York, 
April 13, 1838. He is of English line- 
age, his grandfather, Hiram Moss, who settled 
in Vermont, being a native of England. Eli- 
sha M. Mo.ss, son of the latter, was a native of 
Vermont and fought in 1812 ; he went to Penn- 
sylvania in 1840. He lived there three years 
and went thence to Pond River, Mich., where 
he also lived three years. He then removed to 
Wisconsin and located in Albion, Dane countj^ 
on a farm on which he resided until 1849, 
when he removed to Buena Vista. He died in 
that place in 1871, aged 85 years. In the ma- 
ternal line of descent, Mr. Moss is of Irish lin- 
eage, his grandmother, Lydia Daly, having 
been of Irish parentage. The mother of Mr. 
Moss, Harriet L. Daly before marriage, was 
born in Waterloo, New York, where she became 
a wife. She died in Albion in 1863, when she 
was 04 years old. Their family included eight 
sons and five daughters. 

Mr. Moss of this sketch was the tenth child 
of his parents and accompanied them in their 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



181 



several removals, remaining under parental au- 
thority until he entered the army. He enlisted 
Oct. 28, 1861, at Stevens Point for three years 
in the 8th Battery Wisconsin Liglit Artillery. 
The battery left Camp Utley at Racine, and 
went to St. Louis wliere orders were received to 
proceed to Leavenworth and went thence to 
Fort Scott and Fort Riley. Mr. Moss expected 
to go to New Mexico but returned under orders 
to Leavenworth whence the battery proceeded 
to St. Louis and Kentucky. At Jacinto, 
Mo., he was taken sick with bilious fever and 
remained in the hospital at that place about 
two weeks and was sent thence respectively to 
luka, and, after three weeks to Union City, 
Tenn., and to Louisville, Ky. He was assigned 
to duty at New Albany, Lid., where he was at- 
tached to a siege-gun battery and after six 
weeks rejoined his command near Bowling 
Green. He was in the heavy marcii from there 
to Nashville and marched with the Array ot 
the Ohio to Murfreesboro, meanwhile shelling 
the rebels at White Hills. He then was at- 
tached to Jthe army of the Cumberland and 
was a participant in the service accomplished 
by the batteiy at Stone River and remained in 
that vicinity until the movement to Chatta- 
nooga in June. In the battle of Lookout 
Mountain he "cut" 104 shells in his battery 
and at Chickamauga and Mission Ridge he was 
again in the hottest of the artillery service. He 
was among the veterans of his command and 
was re-mustered Jan. 26, 1864. After his vet- 
eran furlough he rejoined the battery at Mur- 
freesboro in April and was assigned to garrison 
duty in Fort Rosecrans where he remained 
until the war was ended and lie was discharged 
at Milwaukee, August, 10, 1865. 

He returned to Buena Vista, which was his 
home until the following spring, when he went 
to the city of LaCrosse and operated as a con- 
tractor and builder. In May 1871, he went to 
Windom, Minn., where he located on a farm 
and continued his business as a builder. In 
the fall of 1881, he located at Stevens Point 
where he has conducted every varietj' of con- 
tracting and building as he has done in many 
parts of Wisconsin. His contracts in the 
spring of 1888, (current year) amount to 
$20,000. 

Mr. Moss was married the first time, August 
26, 1856, to Amanda C, daughter of Joseph 
and Hannah Ainsworth, who was born in the ■ 
city of Buffalo, New York, and died Dec. 5, 



1880, leaving five surviving children of whom 
two have since died. Ina Dessa was born Feb. 
3, 1870, and diedOct. 14, 1880. Jessie D. was born 
Oct. 13, 1880, and died Nov. lltli following. 
Within seven weeks one child was born and 
the mother and two children died. Isadore A. 
was. born Oct. 16, 1857 ; Charles L. B. was born 
Sept. 16, 1859 ; Eva L., August 14, 1861 ; Ada 
B. was born Feb. 22, 1872 ; Minnie E. was born 
Jan. 17, 1875. June 30, 1881, Mr. Moss was 
married at Windom, Minn , to Angle L. Bart- 
lett and they have two children. Harriet L. 
was born Sept. 24, 1884, and Grace E., Marcli 
27, 1888. Charles L. is married and resides at 
Stevens Point, engaged in the same business as 
his father. Eva L. married William Ainsworth 
and lives at Wilbur, Neb.; she has two children. 
Mr. Moss is a leading citizen and a prominent 
business man at Stevens Point. Joseph Ains- 
worth, father of his first wife, was a soldier of 
1812 and fought at Sacketts Harbor. 

/^ EORGE N. RICHMOND, a prominent 
( > ' | V citizen of Appleton, Wis., was born 
>^pl April 18, 1821 in Hillsdale, Colum- 
bia Co., New York. Peleg S. Rich- 
mond, his father, married Margaret Soule. He 
was a native of Hillsdale and was descended 
from English ancestors in two removes. The 
mother was of French extraction. The son at^ 
tended the schools in his native town until he 
was 14, when he went to Lee and became a 
student in the academy there and, later, attend- 
ing an academy at Stockbridge, Mass., after 
which he became interested in the manufac- 
ture of flour in which business he continued 
seven years. In 1851 he came to Wisconsin 
and engaged in mercantile pursuits at Portage 
until the civil war distracted his attention from 
his individual concerns. In 1861 he opened a 
recruiting oftice at Portage and enrolled a 
company which was known as the Columbia 
Cavalr}' Company and which was assigned to 
the 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry as Company E. 
He received a commission and on the forma- 
tion of the company was made its Captain. 
The regiment left the State March 24, 1862, 
and proceeded to St. Louis, where it received 
cavalry equipments and in May went to Jeffer- 
son City. The next remove was to Spring- 
field, Mo., in three columns, the 2nd Battalion, 



182 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



including Company E, being in the left wing. 
In June, the 2nd and 3rd Battalions proceeded 
to join the force of Curtis at Batesville, Ark., 
but were deterred by intelligence that changed 
their plans and they went to Augusta where 
they joined Curtis, July 6th after a march of 
about 400 miles. They went down the Wliite 
River and had a lively fight with the rebels at 
Cotton Plant. July lOtli they readied Claren- 
don where tliey expected to find transportation 
and supplies, to learn that both had gone, 
Changes in plans became necessary and Gen- 
eral Washburn (who had been commissioned 
such in June,) in command of 10,000 cavalr^^ 
set out for Helena, Ark., on forced marches. 
Captain Richmond, commanding the 2nd Bat- 
talion of the 2nd Wisconsin, was in charge of 
the baggage and supply trains of the entire 
command and followed General Washburn to 
Helena. A march of 60 miles ensued. The 
2nd and 3rd Battalions remained at Helena 
until the last of November, when the cavalry 
moved to tlie Tallahatchie River to aid in the 
movement of Grant to the rear of Vicksburg. 
In February, the battalion was in the expedi- 
tion to Yazoo Pass and in March went to Mem- 
phis where Captain Richmond was made Major. 
In May, the battalion went to the siege of 
Vicksburg where their service was prominent 
in the taking of prisoners in the vicinity of the 
Big Black River, where they were stationed to 
intercept movements calculated by the rebels 
to harass the operations in tlie immediate vicin- 
ity of the besieged city. About nine o'clock on 
the morning of the 4th of July, news of the 
capitulation of Vicksburg was received. The 
2nd and 3rd Battalions proceeded towards 
Jackson and on the route had a smart skirmish 
at Clinton. In the movement. Major Rich- 
mond was in command of tiie advance skir- 
mish line on the left and tlie cavalry drovg the 
rebels into their breastworks and held the lines 
until supported by infantry and artillery. 
They reached Jackson on the 10th, every step 
of their progress having been contested by 
Johnston, witli vvhom they had daily skir- 
mishes. Tiieir next business was the destruc- 
tion of Canton but intelligence was received of 
large numbers of rebels there in force and they 
made a detour to receive reinforcements and 
proceeded to find their information correct. A 
dash was made and the rebels driven from the 
town, the force destroying the depots and pub- 
lic buildings and other property. They were 



strengthened by a brigade of cavalry under 
Colonel, afterwards General, Bussey with a sec- 
tion of artillery. Afterwards, they returned to 
Jackson and, after the evacuation, went again 
to Vicksburg. In August, the comm.uid went 
to Redbone Church and April 27, 1864, re- 
turned to Vicksburg. In March, Major Rich- 
mond returned to Wisconsin on furlough and 
rejoined his command May 11th. He was 
ranking officer of the 2nd Wisconsin, tiie Colo- 
nel and Lieutenant-Colonel having been as- 
signed to other duty. Wiiile under his com- 
mand the service performed was principall}' 
keeping the country between the Big Black 
and ^"icksburg, clear of rebels. In November 
he resigned and his connection with the army 
ceased by special Order from the War Depart- 
ment. 

Mr. Richmond removed after the war to Ap- 
pleton and engaged in the manufacture of 
paper, his establishment being known to bu.si- 
neiBs circles as the Appleton Paper Mill. In 
August, 1886 his property was destroyed by 
fire and he has not since been connected with 
regular business. He has been associated with 
local politics in prominent capacities and in 
1874 and 1875 served as Member of the As- 
sembly of Wisconsin. In 1878 he was elected 
Senator and officiated as such in 1878-79. In 
1868 he was elected Mayor of Appleton and re- 
elected in 1869. In 1871 he was again elected, 
was re-elected in 1883, served four consecutive 
terms, closing in the spring of the year, 1887. 

Mr. Richmond was married March 30th, 1842, 
to Sarah Jane Hillyer. Their oldest daughter, 
Catherine Irene, died at the age of twelve ; 
George H., Hattie May, Lizzie A., and Horace 
N., are living. Lizzie is the wife of W. E. Mil- 
ler of Chicago and has a daughter — Marjorie. 
Hattie May married W. H. Wroe of Medina, 
Wis., and their children are George and Sadie. 
George H. married Jennie Noble and they 
have a son — Guy Fred. The parents of Mrs. 
Richmond were natives of Granby, Conn. Her 
motlier belonged to the Jewett family, a line- 
age prominent in the history of Connecticut. 

y<f^ LISHA MOSS, a citizen of Lanark, 
I ' V Wis., and a former soldier of the civil 
\!1^^ war, was born Jan. 15, 1841, in Ira, 
Cayuga Co., New York. He is the 
brother of Isaac Moss, of whom a sketch appears 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



183 



on auotlier page in connection with which an 
account of their parents is given. He was 
trained as a farmer and was occupied in that 
business until he became a soldier and, within 
the year in which he became of age, he entered 
the army. He enlisted at Buena Vista, Aug. 
13, 1862, in Company E, 32nd Wisconsin, for 
three years. The regiment organized at Camp 
Bragg in Oshkosh and moved under orders to 
Memphis a month later, arriving in Tennessee 
November 3rd. With the forces of General 
Slierman, Mr. Moss went to Holly Springs 
where the Wisconsin Sth was left in command, 
the 32nd, moving on to be recalled by the loss 
of the army stores at that place and went back 
to Memphis, where they performed provost 
duty until November, and moved thence 
through Tennessee and Mississippi, accomplish- 
ing a considerable amount of fighting in those 
two States and going into camp at Grand Junc- 
tion, preparatory to the movements in the rear 
of Vicksburg. The regiment was assigned to 
the 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 16th Army 
Corps, and went to Vicksburg in February, and 
was in the Meridian expedition. The com- 
meaid returned to Vicksburg, proceeding to 
Memphis and Cairo, and, moving thence up the 
Tennessee River reached Decatur, Ala., in 
April, and were assigned to the 3rd Brigade. 
They engaged in duty there and took part 
meanwhile in several successful expeditions 
into the surrounding country, until August, 
when they joined the Atlanta campaign and 
moved to the trenches near that city, being 
under fire 17 days. August 26th, they went to 
fight at Jonesboro, and afterwards pursued the 
rebels to Lovejoy Station, going to East Point, 
September 7th. Their next movement was to 
Atlanta and thence on the march to the sea. 
In the vicinity of Marlowe, they had a fight 
with the rebels in which the action was carried 
on standing in the water all day, some of the 
Union troops being submerged to their waists. 
Mr. Moss was in the subsequent operations of 
the command in the Georgia and Carolina 
marches, assisting in the destruction of rail- 
roads, going to Port Royal Island, fighting at 
Salkahatchie, Binnaker's Bridge, Cheraw, Fay- 
etteville, and in the last fight at Benton ville, 
and marched to Washington to the Grand Re- 
view of May 24th. Mr. Moss encamped at 
Crj^stal while the muster rolls were betng com- 
pleted and was mustered out June 12, 1865. 
He arrived in Milwaukee June 17th, where his 



connection with military life was closed and he 
returned home. Mr. Moss arrived at Stevens 
Point June 25th, and remained there about 
two years, occupied in farming. He went sub- 
sequently to Neenah and La Crosse, and passed 
about two years before he returned to Stevens 
Point and embarked in the business of con- 
tractor and builder in which calling he has 
since been engaged; he is in the employ of his 
brother, Isaac M. Moss, and is a business man 
of established reputation. He was married 
July 21st, 1861, to Dora Rasmusson of Amherst, 
who was born in Norway. Two of the five 
children born to Mr. and Mrs. Moss are living. 
Edna was born Oct. 12, 1868, and married 
Thomas Bergen. Louis was born Nov. 3, 1877. 
Ernest was born Ajtril 30, 1862, and died 
August 4, 1863; Minnie was born .January 27, 
1866, and died in June, 1870. Minnie (2nd) 
died when about a year old. 

ENRY C. CURTIS, principal of the 
North Ward High School, of Wau- 
pun, Wis., and a former soldier in 
the Civil War, was born April 25, 
1844, at Marcellus Falls, Onondaga Co., New 
York. He is the son of George and Anna Maria 
(Baker) Curtis, both of whom were natives of 
the State of New York and descendants of Mas- 
sachuetts ancestors. In the maternal line, the 
descent is mixed Scotcli, Irish, English and 
French and, in the paternal line, of pure Eng- 
lish extraction. The paternal ancestors dated 
back to the 17th Century. A great uncle was a 
soldier in the Revolution and others of the 
family fought in 1812. When Henry was a 
year old, tiie parents removed their family, con- 
sisting of five sons and one daughter to Wis- 
consin "coming up the lakes" landing at South- 
port, now Kenosha, where they took teams for 
East Troy, Walworth county. There his father 
"took up" 80 acres and, to the age of 12 years, 
he attended such schools as the country 
afforded. In 1857 the familj^ removed to Mil- 
ton, Wis. There he remained a student in the 
Academy until the attack on Sumter. He was 
interested in the movements all through that 
summer and took part in the enthusiasm that 
sent countless throngs of boys in their teens 
from the educational institutions throughout 
the country to fight in one of the gravest con- 




184 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



tests in the history of the world. In no war of 
ancient or modern times were the enlisted men 
so young. Mr. Cartis was 17 when he enlisted 
Oct. 7, 1861 in Company K, 13th Wisconsin, 
Infantry. The company was called the Tred- 
way RiHes and was composed principally of 
students from the academy. It was com- 
manded hy Captain Pliny Norcross and was 
mu-stered into service Nov. 1, 1861. The regi- 
ment went into rendevous at Janesville at Camp 
Tredway and left the State Jan. 18, 1862, going 
to Weston, Mo., and thence to Leavenworth, 
whence they moved to Fort Scott under orders 
to take part in the Southwest expedition under 
General Lane. On the eve of marching for that 
point, orders were received to go to Lawrence 
and thence to Fort Riley, preparatory to going 
to New Mexico. This plan was also abandoned 
and, insteadthey went to Columbus, Ky. After 
passing some time in guard duty the regiment 
went to Fort Henry. The next move was to 
Fort Donelson and Mr. Curtis was engaged soon 
after in a skirmish at Rickett's Hill, marching 
70 miles after it to Donelson. He was in the 
scouting the same fall and was in the chase 
after Morgan to Hopkinsville. Soon after, 80 
men were selected for special duty as scouts and 
divided into two details, Mr. Curtis being 
assigned to one under the command of Lieuten- 
ant J. H. Wemple of his company, and mounted 
and engaged in this service about five months. 
The last duty before dismounting was in escort- 
ing a herd of 500 cattle to the army at Chicka- 
mauga which was reached Saturday after the 
fight, the herd increased by 25, which had been 
collected on the route. They rejoined the com- 
mand at Stevenson, Ala., and in October, the 
regiment went to Nashville and into winter 
quarters at Edgeville, where re-enlisting took 
place. (After arrival at Chickamauga, Mr. 
Curtis obtained a pass to search for the body of 
his brother Lyman N. Curtis, who belonged to 
Company D, 24th Wisconsin, and was killed in 
that action, but his quest was unsuccessful). 
Feb. 24, 1864, Mr. Curtis was discharged to re- 
enlist at Madison whither he had come shortly 
before on recruiting service. Feb. 27th he 
veteranized and rejoined the regiment with his 
recruits at Racine. The command was assigned 
to a position on the Tennessee to perform guard 
duty and, in June, went to Claysville, Ala., 
where it again performed duty, in guarding the 
river from that place to Whitesburg. This was 
important service, as the rebels were making 



every effort to devise and accomplish plans for 
the cutting of the communications of Slierman 
and were stationed across the river and con- 
stantly patrolling. Frequent parties ci'ossed 
the river and bloody skirmishes followed. In 
September, the regiment was scattered along 
the lines of railroad in Alabama and at points 
where trouble from the rebels was likely to 
occur and, in October, went after Forrest who 
was making himself lively and entertaining as 
usual. All the men of the command were in 
the fight at Decatur who were fit for active duty 
and, in November, were in another fight at New 
Market. Mr. Curtis was in the movement to 
Huntsville and Stevenson and was in the after 
movements of the regiment, until orders were 
received to go to Virginia in March, 1865, and 
was in camp at Jonesboro when intelligence of 
the tragedy at AVashington was received. He 
was a participant in the wretched experiences 
of the regiment in Texas and did some of his 
heaviest marching and suffered most severely 
from contingencies incident to military life of 
any experience he had undergone. He re- 
mained in San Antonio until mustered out. 
Mr. Curtis was made Corporal early in his mili- 
tary connection and was promoted to Sergeant 
and Orderly Sergeant. He was discharged June 
30, 1865, at New Orleans to accept a commis- 
sion as 2nd Lieutenant of Company K, and was 
mustered July 1st following ; he was mustered 
out with his regiment Nov. 24th of the same 
year, receiving'final discharge at Madison, Dec. 
28th. He was ill during the last six months 
he was in service and was repeatedly ordered 
into hospital but refused to go, preferring to 
take his chances with his men. During the 
summer of 1865 he acted as Quartermaster of 
his regiment. He had several cousins who were 
soldiers who suffered the fate of such on the 
field, in hospital and prison. 

After his return to civil life Mr. Curtis went 
to ^\^est Union, Faj'ette County, Iowa, and was 
a fanner in the Hawkeye State five years. He 
returned to Wisconsin in 1872 and commenced 
teaching and attending Milton College, whence 
he was graduated from the Teachers' Depart- 
ment in 1875. He officiated two years as the 
principal of a school at Milton Junction and 
occupied the same relations to the high school 
at Juneau eight successive years. He operated 
as principal of the North Ward school at Hart- 
ford, Washington County for two years, and 
went next to Waupun where he entered upon 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



185 



the duties of principal ot'tlie Xurtli AVard liigli 
scliool. During his residence at Juneau he 
pursued a course of scientific study. In 1880, 
he received the degree of IJachelor of Science 
from his Ahua j\hiter, Milton College. At the 
several places where he lias resided, he has 
officiated in local civil office and was a charter 
member of Jcihn li. Ely I'ost at Juneau being its 
first Commander, and serving two terms. He 
attended the National Encampment at Denver 
and was also a delegate from the Wis. G. A. R. 
to Minneapolis. He had the honor of muster- 
ing Posts at Mayville, Hartford, Theresa, Hori- 
con and Beaver Dam. 

Mr. Curtis was married Aug. .'Jl, isiw;, to 
Mrs. Anna Martin Curtis, the widow of a cousin 
who lost his life from exposure while at Cam]) 
Tredway, Janesville. Mr. and Mrs. Curtis had 
two daughters named Luella May and ^fabcl 
Chloe. The motlier died in 1872 and Mr. Cur- 
tis was a second time married April 5, 1878, to 
Adda McEwan. Their sons are named LeRoy 
George and Rayraoiid William. William Mc- 
P>wan, the father of Mrs. Curtis, came to ^\merica 
from Scotland in September, 18oS, and the 
mother, nee Caroline C. (Atherton) Carr, was 
born in ('onnecticut in 182;j. Mrs. Curtis iiad 
a numl)er of cousins in the war of the rebell- 
ion. Mr. Curtis' father died in IS 17 and his 
mother in 1878. 



*^w^>-;>»^i 



<^5«f-»<^5tf-* 




FREDERICK J. THILKEY of Sey- 
j. mour, Wis., was born March 1, 1847, 

IK$>- in Berlin, Germany. He came to 
America in 1858 and was 16 years old 
when he became a soldier. He enlisted April 
1, 1863 at Fond du Lac in the 38th Wisconsin 
Volunteers, Company A, for three years. He 
received honorable discharge at Alexandria, 
July 2.5, 1865, after the termination of the war. 

The roster of battles in which Mr. Thilkey 
was a participant includes Spotsylvania C. H., 
White House Landing, the last da3''s fight in the 
Wilderness, Petersburg, Weldon railroad and 
several other actions of regular warfare and 
skirmishes. Jul}' 30, 1864, after the firing of 
the mine at Petersburg, the regiment to which 
Mr. Thilkey belonged was ordered by General 
Hartranft to lead the advance in place of one 
that flinched from the duty ; there were scarcely 
100 men fit for service, but two companies moved 



to obey. One of them, Company D, had reached 
the command only the night before and came 
out of the action of that dreadful day with fear- 
ful loss. The remainder of the regiment were 
deployed in the second line and were under 
fire. September 15, 1864, while on the line of 
the Weldon railroad, he was wandering in a 
pine grove trying to regain connection with his 
regiment when he saw three rebels approaching 
him ; he drew aim on them and they surren- 
dered. A charge was made immediately after 
by the Union forces and one of the "butternuts" 
was killed. Mr. Thilkey was wounded by a 
piece of a shell in his left arm and leg. But he 
brought in two prisoners and delivered them at 
headc|uarters. He was sent at once to the hos- 
pital, where the surgeon on making the examina- 
tion of his injuries decided that his arm mu.st 
be amputated and accordingly "tagged" him 
for the operation. As .soon as the official had 
disappeared he dislodged the tag and threw it 
away, which action resulted in his wounds being 
properly dressed and cared for and the safety 
of his arm. From the hospital, he, with a 
throng of about 700 wounded men were placed 
on the steamer to be transferred to the hospitals 
at New Yoik and on Long Island ; 300 of the 
})00r fellows found ocean burial. 

Mr. Thilkey was married April 20, 1875 at 
Green Bay, Wis., to Melvina Nomolen. Their 
children are two in number — Elmer and Ida. 
The parents of Mr. Tliilkey were born in 
Germany. The mother of Mrs. Thilkey was 
born in Ohio, her father in Virginia. Henry 
Fielding, the brother of her mother, was au 
officer in the War of the Revolution. Mr. Thil- 
key had been interested in farming for a number 
of years until 1887, when he established himself 
in the hotel and saloon business. He is a mem- 
ber of Seymour Post No. 198. 

JOSEPH NAGREEN, of Black Creek, 
\\'is., a member of (i. A. R. Post J. W. 
-Vpplcton, No. 116, was born in Austria, 
.\pril 10, 1825. He is a soldier by train- 
ing, liaving served in the Austrian army eight 
years. He was conscripted into the Prince 
Carl Infantry and fought in rmmerous battles, 
among thein the fights in Italy in 1848 — 9. 
He was not wounded in any. He was a 
calnnet maker by profession. On coming to 



186 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



this country in 1852 he located in the State of 
New York. He came to lUinois in 1854 and 
settled at Black Creek in 1865. He enlisted at 
Sj'camore, May 24, 1861, in F Company, 13th 
Illinois Infantry for three years. He received 
honorable discharge May 5, 1864, at Jefferson 
Barracks, St. Louis, Mo., on account of dis- 
abilities. He was engaged in the following 
battles and skirmishes: West Glaze, Oct. 14, 
1861 ; Lime Creek, Mo., Oct. 15, 1861 ; Chicka- 
saw Bayou, Miss., Dec. 27 — 8, 1862 ; Arkansas 
Post, Jan. 11, 1863 ; Deer Creek, April 7, 1863. 
In that year he did his last fighting, incurring 
a sunstroke on the march between luka and 
Corinth and was placed in the field hospital at 
luka. He was in the action at Black Bayou, 
April 10, 1863 ; Jackson, Miss., May 14, 1863; 
Siege of Vicksburg, May IS, to July 4, 1863 ; 
Brandon, Miss., July 19, 1863. He was re- 
moved to Memphis, and five months later went 
to Jefferson Barracks where he remained two 
months previous to discharge. At Chickasaw 
Bayou he was sitting behind a large stump 
when it was struck by a cannon liall. He was 
stunned, and Ins first thought on recovery was 
that he was disabled, and was surprised to 
find that he could get up and walk away. He 
was followed by several cavalrymen who were 
fired on by the Union soldiers. 

Mr. Nagreen dropjied down among the dead 
and after the firing ended made his escape. 
During liis term of service he went home on a 
furlough and on his return to his command, at 
Still Spring, he came to a place known as 
Spring House. Two women invited him to 
remain all night saving that their father was a 
Union man. The building was riddled with 
bullets and he ascertained that 12 guen-illas 
fired at the father through the sides of the 
house who acted as a sharpshooter and killed 
seven of them. In the house also was a sick 
negro. Mr. Nagreen administered two blue 
mass pills to the darkey, lanced a swelling 
from which he was suffering, and in the morn- 
ing the negro announced "Massa, I's better." 
He remained three days, and every night at 
11 o'clock guerrillas came to look for Union 
soldiers. The women engaged the rebels in 
conversation and Mr. Nagreen sat where he 
could sight the party with loaded gun and 
bayonet fixed. When he went away he re- 
warded the women with two new wool blankets 
he brought from one of the battle fields. They 
invited him to visit them if he survived the 



war, but he never saw them again. On his 
way he met two deserters from the army of 
General Pine. He hailed them and asked if 
they wanted tobacco. They inquired if his 
gun was loaded and he answered "no." They 
took the toljacco and soon after he met three 
others deserting, whom he provided with to- 
bacco also. None of them were armed. W^hcn 
he reached his regiment and related his adven- 
tures the colonel told him there was not an- 
other man in the command who would have 
dared undertake such a journey alone. 

Since tlie war, Mr. Nagreen operated in 
the furniture business untill 1884, when he 
abondoned it on account of impaired health. 
He was married in Tioga Co., Pa., Aug. 20, 
1853, to Sarali Thomjison, and they had eleven 
children. Orlando, ^hlrshall, Hattie, Emma, 
Charles, Vernon and Mertou are living. Frank, 
Florence, Lavinia and Ida are decea.sed. The 
latter left a husband and two children. 

AMES J. OLMSTEAD, of the township of 
Matteson, Waupaca Co., Wis., form- 
erly a soldier in the civil war, was born 
August 9, 1841, in Ross, Renfrew Coun- 
ty, Canada; he was reared and educated in the 
Dominion where he lived on a farm until 
1858, when he I'emoved to Wisconsin and 
located at Clintonville and engaged in farming 
until January, 1864, when he enlisted in Com- 
pany G, 3rd Wisconsin Cavalry, enrolling at 
New London for three years. In 1864 he was 
made a Cbrporal and received honorable dis- 
charge in November, 1865, at Madison, Wis. 
He joined the regiment as a recruit and, in 
March, went to Little Rock, Ark., and thence to 
Duval's Bluff, moving afterwards toHuntsville, 
and was occupied until August in picket and 
guard duty and skirmishing with the rebels 
and also in escort of sujjply trains. In Sep- 
tember, Mr. Olmstead was in camp, where he 
remained during the winter occupied in garri- 
son duty, as train guard and in skirmishing 
with guerrillas and bushwhackers. He went 
to Fort Leavenworth, Kan., and, while out on 
the plains west of that point, was in an action 
where 2,000 Indians were routed by 700 Union 
soldiers. He was subjected to severe hardship 
in long marches and hard labor in building 
forts, and he became permanently disabled 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



187 



through excet^sive liihor, want of proi^or food 
iind expo.siire. 

After the war he located on a farm in the 
the township of Matteson and lias since en- 
gaged in agricultural ]iursuits. 

He is tho sun of Ephriani and iOsther (Breck- 
cnridge) Olmstead and his father wiis a soldier 
in 1812. Mr. Olmstead married Susan Allcn- 
der and their eleven children tu'c named The- 
odore J., William P., Alvin, Ellen E., Libhie, 
Guy W., Sarah .J., Maggie W., Lydia Warren, 
.Judd and Carleton H. 

Mr. (,)lmstead is an inflexible Republican 
and his two oldest sons cast their tirst Presiden- 
tial votes for Harrison in 1888. 



/^^^^^ USTAVE BURGHAKDT, of Fond 

'^ j^ du Lac, Wis., menil)er of G. A. R, 

Post Xo. 180, was born May 27. 
1886, in AUstaedt, (iermany. When 
he was 15 years old he came tfi America where 
he arrived August 10, 1851, and he came imme- 
diately to Milwaukee where his ]iarents estab- 
lished their residence. AVhen he was 18 years 
old lie became a resident of Voud du Lac,'which 
has since been his home and where he was vari- 
ously occujned until he entered the army. He 
enlisted September 16, 1861, in a cavalry com- 
pany which Mas composed of \\'isconsin men, 
and became IjyassignmentCompany G, 5th Mis- 
souri Calvar}^ With ten conn-ades who Avere 
"Turners," he left Fond du Lac for the purpose 
of enli.sting in a Turner regiment in process of 
organization at St. Louis, but when they arrived 
there it was already full. The company of cav- 
alry referred to arriving from Wisconsin, Afr. 
Burghardt and one of his companions enlisted 
tlierein. The company was the first o.iganiza- 
tion of cavalry raised in Wisconsin and, when 
General Sigel inspected the troops at St. Louis 
which were to compose liis division, he was so 
impressed with its appearance and manifest 
soldiery (|ualities that it was a.ssigned to duty 
as his body guard. When he was transferred 
to the Eastern Department, the organization was 
assigned as the body guard of his successor. Gen- 
eral 0.sterhaus, and served in that capacity wliile 
Mr. Burghardt was one of its members. He was 
apjwinted Quartermaster Sergeant of the com- 
pany and the command to which he belonged 
was in the Western Department and he was in 



active service while he remained in the army. 
Among the battles in which he participated were 
Elm Grove, Pea Ridge and Bentonville. In the 
spring of 1803 he was ill with swamp fever and 
otlicr disabilities and he was discharged in ,\pril 
at St. Louis on account of physicid disabilities. 
He was incapacitated for labor aliout two years 
and afterward engaged in buying and selling 
produce and in other avenues of trade. In 1886 
he was appointed T)t'))uty Collector of Internal 
Revenue in which cajiacity he isstill ofhciating. 
Fie was married .July 20, 1866, to Amie 
Sclioeue, of Milwaukee. They have one son and 
two daughters, named Fred, Lena and Emma. 



■►.^'^■'-j>i^ 



«^*<f-»>^»«e-<- 



land. 



AMES SIMPSON of Osborn Township, 
Outagamie Co., Wisconsin, and a mem- 
ber of G. A. R. Post No. 198 at Seymour, 
was born March 1, 1824, in Leith, Scot- 
Ilis parents, .John and Margaret (Boyd) 



Simpson, were Lowlanders and were members 
of families belonging to the commercial com- 
munity. His uncle, William Boyd, was a man 
of superior educational training and belonged 
originally to the organization known as "the 
old kirk" which made its ineffaceable record on 
the race known as Scotch-Irish. Later he con- 
nected himself with tlie British army and was 
an othcer during the Crimean war. 

Mr. Simpson emigrated from Scotland in 1843 
to the State of New York and resided in Gouv- 
erneur, St. Lawrence county, until 1852, when 
he came to tlie, then, new State of Wisconsin, 
and remained in Milwaukee about a year before 
coming to Outagamie county, where he located 
at Appleton. In the days of his arrival, the 
thrifty city was in its days of first things. (See 
sketch of J. F. .Johnston.) About the time he 
settled in the county he "took up" the farm 
which has been his home 35 years, including 
160 acres and is situated 12 miles north of the 
city. He pursued his interests on his farm until 
his plans were interrupted by the war. He en- 
listed Aug. 29, 1864 in Battery H, 1st Wiscon- 
sin Heavy Artillery, enrolling at Appleton for 
one year or during the war. He received dis- 
charge June 26, 1865 at Fort Lyon, Washing- 
ton, D. C. Battery H was one of the later com- 
panies in the completion of the regiment and 
received the drill customary in the practice of ar- 
tillerymen — that pertaining to heavy ordinance 



188 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



and including light artillery drill and infantry 
tactics. The battery proceeded direct from Mad- 
ison to Washington where it was added to the 
garrison at Fort Lyon and was tliere occupied 
in repairing the fortifications and in all the 
variety of garrison duty. A few weeks before 
discharge Mr. Simpson was taken sick and re- 
mained in the post liospital until his company 
was mustered out, when he returned to ^^'■is- 
consin. 

His marriage to Sophia Bush occurred June 
11, 1856. Their children are named John I., 
Boyd S., James U. and Robert M. The third is 
married to Cora Taylor and they have three 
daughters and a son — Belle, Lela, May and 
Daniel P. Robert married Theresa Baum. 
Mrs. Simpson was born in Seneca, New York, 
and is the daughter of John Bush. He was 
prominent as a patriotic citizen of the Empire 
State and was a soldier of 1812. With her hus- 
band she has been a part of the pioneer history 
of Outagamie county and remembers well her 
emotions the first time she saw the smoke from 
the homes of neighbors. Mr. Simpson is re- 
garded as one of the substantial and reliable 
citizens of the county. He acted 13 yyars as 
mail messenger in the early days. He has been 
a Magistrate of Osborn a member of years and 
enjoys the trust and confidence of the com- 
munity of which he is a member. 



;p::>^RANCIS E. ALLEN, Antigo, Wis., 
and a member of G. A. R. Post No. 




78, was born Nov. 27, 1845, at Shed's 
Corners, Madison county. New York. 
He was lirought up in his native State and, Avi- 
gust 8, 1863, before he was 18 years old, he en- 
listed in Company D, 15th New York Cavalry 
at Syracuse for three years. In 1864 he was 
made Corporal and was discharged August 10, 
1865, at Louisville, Ky. The regiment was in 
rendezvous on Staten Lsland, receiving military 
instructions and went thence to (Jamp Stoneman 
in Ma'ryhmd on the Potomac below Washington, 
where they were equipped and went thence to 
Harper's Ferry and until tlie winter of 1863 en- 
gaged in the pursuit of Mosliv. Mr. Allen was 
first in action at Snicker's Gap where Lieutenant 
Hampton of his company was captured. The 
regiment went to Burlington, W.Va., and spent 
the remainder of the winter in scouting in the 



mountains. In the spring of 1864 the regiment 
was attached to the command of Sigel at AVin- 
chester and went thence up the Shenandoah 
Valley and Mr. Allen was in the fight at New 
Market where Sigel was defeated and retreated 
to Woodstock, to be superseded by General Hun- 
ter, under whom an advance was made up the 
valley and the l)attle of Piedmont was fought 
on the 5tli of June. Early was defeated and the 
command went through Staunton to Lexington, 
where they destroyed the Virginia Military In- 
stitute, cros.sed the James River and tlie Blue 
Mountains near the Peaks of Otter, advancing 
on Lynchl)urg where the Federal troops were de- 
feated after two days' fight. The rebels were 
weak, l)ut the Federal attack was delayed and 
spiritless. The rebels had telegraphic commu- 
nications with Richmond and re-enforcements 
M'ere hurried forward. On the evening of the 
second day Hunter caused In-ight camp fires to 
be lighted which induced tlie rebels to believe 
that the Federal troops were resting and there- 
treat of Hunter's troops commenced. They 
moved to Salem, 50 miles distant, destroying the 
bridges and de})nts. It was the intention of 
Hunter to return through the mountains and 
the rebels sent a force to intercejit and with axes 
they slashed 12 niiles of timber; it has ever since 
remained a mystery why the entire force was 
not captured. The retreat could not be made 
by the route of their advance and the Shenan- 
doah A'alley was practically left open to the 
rebels, of which fact Early took advantage and 
made his celebrated raid on Washington, which 
alarmed the entire Nation. The rebels pressed 
sharply upon them at Salem and desperate fights 
ensued, as entire destruction was the alternative; 
it being necessary to remove the felled timber to 
make way for the trains, ambulances and artil- 
lery. These were sent' for\\'ard with infantry 
guard, followed by the main body of the troops, 
the cavalry holding the rear, upon whom fell the 
principal hardships. This was one of the mo.st 
terrific events of the war; there were not amlju- 
lances to carry the wounded, and men with in- 
juries above their legs were obliged to march. 
Rations were exhausted and there was only one 
issue of six ounces of flour to each man and the 
cattle driven through the day, were eaten at 
night. From Salem to the valley of the Kana- 
wha was nine days heavy march, during which 
the men stripped the bark from birch trees to 
obtain food. They passed through White Sul- 
phur Springs and pressed on to meet expected 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



189 



supplies, but the rebels had become alarming 
and the trains fell back 40 miles, to which i)oint 
the troops marched, arriving in such exhausted 
condition that the rations were issued witli the 
care required in starvation. Tliey marclied 
thence to f-liarleston and, as soon as transporta- 
tion could be obtained, went on the Kanawiia 
and Ohio Rivers to Parkersburg, W. ^'a., whence 
tliey traveled on the Baltimore & Ohio railroad 
to ilarper's Ferry. In the movement of Early 
upon Washington, Mr. Allen, with his regiment, 
was in the tight of July "iOth at Winchester and, 
soon after, Sheridan superseded Hunter and the 
15th New York was assigned to the command 
of General Custer. He was in the battle of Win- 
chester, after which the regiment went to Cum- 
land to be newly ecpiiitped. During their ab- 
sence the 1 lattles of Fishers Hill and Cedar ( 'reek 
had Ijeen fought and after they made connec- 
tion with Sheridan's command in November, 
they engaged in scouting. Mr. Allen Avas in the 
action at Lacy's Springs in Decemlier, where 
they were attacked l)y i-e))el cavalry, the charge 
being made in a thick fog, Custer's command 
receiving the attack with drawn sabres and re- 
treating. They went into winter quarters at 
Winchester .January 2, 18G5, performing scout 
and picket duty until Fel^ruary '22nd, wlien they 
started for Petersburg, encountering the rebels 
at Mount Crawford, driving them liack through 
Staunton to Waynesboro where they captured 
Early's supplies and about 1,600 prisoners. They 
proceeded next down the Virginia Central road 
which they destroyed and also destroying the 
aqueducts and locks on tlie .lames canal and 
crossed the James River to White House Land- 
ing on the Pamunky River. The brigade to 
which the loth belonged, moved next to the rear 
of Richmond, driving in the pickets and crea- 
ting a great panic. Tlie church l>ells were rung 
and reljcl troops hastened to resist what was sup- 
posed to be an onslaught of Sheridan's entire 
force, but before the rebels were in position the 
bi-igaile was falling liack to AVhite House Land- 
ing. They crossed the .James River at l^ermuda 
Hundred and joined Grant before I'etersljurg. 
Sheridan was re-enforced by two corps of infan- 
try and the command became the left wing of 
(Grant's armv and fought the battle of Dinwid- 
dle C. H. Marcli :!1. Mr. Allen was in the bat- 
tle of Five Forks where the 1.5th New York led 
Custer's charge tliat terminated the l)attle; 5,000 
prisoners were captured and they received news 
the same day of the occupation of l*et(>rsliurg. 



Mr. Allen was in the movements in which Lee's 
army becumi; demoralized and was in the fight 
at Sailor's Creek. He was in the saddle con- 
tinuou.sly during tlie retreat of Jjce and in Cus- 
ter's cliarge on the re) )el artillery at Burke's Sta 
tion where the Jjieutenant Colonel, A. R. Root, 
was killed. (After the surrender, the}' sought 
for his body and was told Ijy a woman that a 
Federal officer had been buried in her garden 
the night ])revious and, on opening the grave, 
they found the l)ody of Colonel Root, one of the 
l)ravest othcersof that campaign and whose name 
adorns many pages of American history of the 
civil war.) Mr. Allen was in tlie action on the 
9th of xVpril in which Custer's command led a 
charge and, as they moved forward, he discov- 
ered a rebel officer approaching on a running 
horse, fluttering a Ijrown linen towel in his hand 
as a flag of truce and he rode fairly upon Mr. 
Allen, yelling for the officer of command. He 
was conducted to General Custer who passed the 
word to lialt tlie command. The officer stated 
that General Lee offered to surrender on condi- 
tions and Custer responded "unconditional .sur- 
render or none; I can whip you with my cav- 
alry alone." He wheeled his command into 
line and conducted the rebel to Sheridan. Mean- 
while they were charged l)y Rosserand they un- 
slung their carbines and returned a tire that 
.stopped the assault. They fell liack and Rosser 
sent a flag of truce and an apology, stating that 
he was not aware of the former flag of truce. 
Soon after, Custer returned to his command with 
the intelligence of the .surrender, which was 
greeted witli n)unds of cheers. The ivgiment 
.started, after the surrender of Ia'c to join Sher- 
man, but the surrender of Johntson, closing the 
war, they went to Washington to participate in 
the final scenes. After the (Jraiid Review the 
loth and (ith New York Cavalry were consoli- 
dated under the name of the 2nd New York 
I^rovi.sional Cavalry, from which he was dis- 
charged. 

Mr. Allen returned to his hoiue and attended 
school until February, Ih66, when he came to 
Wisconsin and engaged in lumbering in the 
woods and on the river for five years, making 
his residence at Oshkosh. He went thence to 
Marion, Waupaca county, where he operated 
eight years as a farmer. In 1881 he located at 
Antigo where he has since been connected with 
the progress of the city. He is a practical sur- 
veyor and is engaged in the prosecution of that 
business. He was married August 26, 1871, to 



190 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



Theresa Braiuard, and their four children are 
named Viola May, Erwin B., Albert A., and 
Lela Myrtle. A daughter named Fern, twin 
with the last named child, died when about 
four years old. Another daughter named Nel- 
lie Fern died at 14 months old. Mr. Allen is 
the son of Benajali and Cliloe (Messenger) 
Allen. His brotlier, Benjamin, was a soldier in 
the 114th New York Infantry. William B. 
Brainard, the father of Mrs. Allen, was a soldier 
in the 21st Wisconsin Infantry. 






Theodore compton, of Merriii, 

Wis., a member of Post Lincoln, No. 
131, was born in Veteran, Chemung 
Co., New York, May 14, 1826. He is 
one of the charter members of the Grand Army 
organization at Merrill and is present Chaplain, 
(1888) which office he has filled, almost without 
intermission, since the establishment of the 
Post. 

He attained to the estate of legal manhood 
in his native county and he fitted himself for 
the business of a wagon manufacturer, which 
he pursued until his failing health compelled 
him to exchange his occupation for farming. 
At the date of the war of the rebellion he was 
on a farm in Bradford Co., Pa., and, when he 
determined to enlist he went to the State where 
he was born, to enroll as a soldier. Sept. 2, 
1804, he enlisted in Company I, 112th New 
York Volunteer Infantry at Avon, for three 
years. He received honorable discharge at 
Buffalo, July 2, 1805. His first enrollment was 
in the 28th New York Battery but, before leav- 
ing for the scenes of war, he was transferred to 
the regiment mentioned and went to the front 
as a recruit, joining the command at Chapin's 
Farm, Va. Oct. 27th he was in the fight at 
Hatcher's Run and later at Fort Fisher. Pre- 
vious "to that he participated in the livel}^ 
skirmishing which characterized that period. 
He was in the dangerous work of obtaining 
possession of the Weldon railroad and partici- 
pated in the attempts on its capture in Septem- 
ber. After the surrender of Fort Fisher he 
went to Wilmington and thence to Raleigh and 
to Buffalo for discharge. 

Returning from the war, he bought a farm 
in Bradford county on which he was a resident 
two years and went thence to his native county 



where he was the manager of the property of 
his grandfather five years. The year after he 
passed in the grocery business and found it an 
unfortunate venture. He was a man of me- 
chanical turn of mind and he picked up a 
practical understanding of the trade of a car- 
penter which he followed in that State until 
the fall of 1870, when he removed to Merrill, 
then known as " -Jenney." He was the pos.ses- 
sor of a visible capital of $1.15 and found his 
services as a carpenter in immediate demand, 
which he made available and operated in that 
capacity and as a mill-wrigiit until his election 
as a Justice of the Peace in March, 1884. He 
is still the incumbent of the office. He has 
been active and prominent in school affairs at 
Merrill and has officiated on the Board and as 
Treasurer. 

He was married Jan. 1, 1851, to Maria Kline 
and they have thi-ee sons — John G., married 
Dora A. Smith, Stephen F. married Lizzie E. 
Wilson, and Willie G. Anna Lavinia, only 
daughter, died in early infancy. Garrett and 
Anna (Valleau) Compton, the parents of the 
subject of this sketch were born in New Jersey. 
His grandfailier on the mother's side was a 
soldier of 1812 and a pensioner. Stephen, his 
brother, enlisted in a New York regiment in 
which he was Orderly Sergeant; he was 
wounded by a shell. Daniel was in the same 
regiment, (188th New York) was 1st Duty 
Sergeant, and was afterwards promoted to 
Orderly Sergeant. The latter was wounded in 
the abdomen by a bullet which has never been 
extracted. Orville, another brother, was in a 
Battery. Brainard went out in a Pennsylvania 
regiment and died at Arlington Pleights of 
chronic diarrhfea. The famil}- of Mrs. Comp- 
ton were from Renssalaer Co., New York, and 
went thence to Pennsylvania when she was a 
child. Her grandfather, Henry Kline, an old 
man still living when she was married, was in 
the Revolution. Her brother, James E. Kline, 
was a prisoner at Libby and died there ; he 
was captured at Shepherdstown, Va. 

(IHN COWLING, a resident of Oshkosh, 
Wis., member of G. A. R. Post No. 241, 
was liorn Nov. 10, 1843, in C'ambridge- 
.shire, England, and is the son of David 
and Alice (Cox) Cowling. His ancestors were 
farmers in England and in the paternal line of 



PERSONAL RECOEDS. 



191 



descent lie i.s of English extraction. His ma- 
ternal giandniother was of French origin and 
her family name was Pinneo. 

Mr. (fowling was eight years olil when he 
came to America with his parents in 1851, and 
they came from New York directly to ^Mnland, 
Winnehago Co., Wis., where his father engaged 
in farming and the son was trained in the 
same vocation, in which he was engaged nntil 
the war. He enli.sted when 19 years old, Au- 
gust 12, 1862, at Oshkosh in Company C, 21st 
Wisconsin Infantry, for three years. He was 
slightly wounded Sep. 19, 1863, on the first day 
of the fight at C'hickamauga, hut was not suffi- 
ciently injured to go to the liosjiital, and he re- 
ceived no other injury until his discharge at 
Washington, .June 12, I860. The ro.ster of the 
hattles in which ^h-. Cowling was engaged in- 
cluded the full list of the regiment. His first 
action was at Perryville, after encountering all 
the hardship of exposure in the trenches at 
Covington and Louisville and he was after- 
wards in the fight at Stone River and Hoover's 
Gap, and moved thence to guard the with- 
drawal of the Union forces at Dug Ciap and 
fought at Chickamauga. He was in the hattle 
of Kesaca, fought at Dallas, Kenesaw Moun- 
tain and Peachtree Creek, in the Atlanta cam- 
paign, was engaged in the siege of that city 
and afterwards fought at Joneshoro and, after 
pursuing Hood to the Tennessee River, moved 
in the columns of Sherman in the camjiaign 
through (Georgia, in which he skirmished and 
foraged and destroyed rebel supplies and did 
everytlung in his power to aid in crippling the 
strength of the rebellion on the way to Savan- 
nah. He was in the actions in the vicinity of 
that city and afterwards went to Beaufort Is- 
land and thence to Fayetteville and was in the 
fight at Bentonville, afterwards marching to 
Goldsboro and Raleigh. The regiment per- 
formed heavy marching and went through 
\'irginia to Washington into camp on the 
Potomac River until ^hiy 24th, when it par- 
ticipated in the Grand Review and afterwards 
returned to Wiscon.sin. 

Mr. Cowling returned to Oshkosh and, dur- 
ing the next 10 years, was engaged in teaming 
and contracting. In 1876, he liecame con- 
nected witli the fire department as driver of the 
steam fire engine and afterwards entered the 
employ of Carleton, Foster & Co. He officiated 
four years as their foreman and operated in 
their interest in their lumber mills. He was 



married Nov. 1, 1865, to Mary E. Jones and 
their children are named .John E., Clarence A., 
and William. Mrs. Cowling is the daughter of 
Lyman S. Jones, who was born in Maine, and 
her mother was also a native of that State. She 
is one of 12 children — 10 sons and two 
daughters. ]*"'our of her brothers were soldiers 
in the kite war and were all enlisted men in 
(_'om]iany I>, 21st Wisconsin Infantry. Augus- 
tus Francis and (ieorge T. Jones enlisted Au- 
gu.st 11, 1862, and Hiram Jones enlisted two 
days later. They all returned from the service, 
three of them being discharged for disability. 
They were the only ones of the 10 brothers 
who were old enough to enlist. Mr. Cowling 
has three Ijrothers and a sister. His brother 
George enlisted in the 3rd Wisconsin Infantrj', 
and was the only one beside himself who was 
old enough to become a soldier. 

In lS8(i Mr. Cowling was elected a member 
of the City Council to represent the (itli Ward 
for one year. He ran on the Republican ticket 
in a ward with 250 Democratic majoritj' and was 
elected by 240 majority. In the following year 
he was re-elected for a terra of two years and 
is serving at the pi'esent writing (1888.) Dur- 
ing the summer of 1888 he had charge of the 
addition of a section of Riverside cemetery 
which presents a ]iractical proof of his good 
taste and ability. In the fall of 1888 he ac- 
cepted a ]ii)sition with the l)usiness firm of 
Conlee Brotbers of Oshkosh in whose interests 
he is otfieiating as princi])al scaler. 

OHN E. LEAHY, a prominent business 
man of Waueau, Wis., and member of 
G. A. R. Post No. 55, was born Feb. 15, 
1842, at Dover, New Hampshire. He is 
the son of Daniel and Mary (Eagan) Leahy. 
His parents went to West Brookfield in his in- 
fancy and afterwards removed to Great Falls, 
New Hampshire, where they remained until 
1847 when they located at Roxbury, Mass., and 
in 1849, came to Wisconsin where the sons were 
reared to manhood. Captain Leahy was in 
his minority when the civil war opened and 
was nearly 22 when he entered the army. He 
enlisted Jan. 19, 1864, in Company C, 35th 
Wisconsin Infantry, and was made 2nd Lieu- 
tenant on the organization. The regiment was 
organized under Colonel Henry Orff and left 



192 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



the State April 18, 1864, under orders for St. 
Louis, where they received further orders to 
proceed to the Red River country but went in- 
stead to New Orleans and were sent to Port 
Hudson. Captain Leahy was promoted to 
1st Lieutenant at that place and was oc- 
cupied in guard and fatigue duty. June 26th 
the regiment went to Morganzia to be assigned 
to the 1st Brigade, 3rd Division and 19th Army 
Corps. InJuly the brigade wenttoArkansas where 
they performed guard duty, scouted and worked 
on tlie fortifications until August when they 
returned to Morganzia. Captain Leahy was 
in the expedition to Simmsport where he was 
in several skirmishes and went afterwards to 
Duvall's Bluff on the White River in Arkan- 
sas. In November the regiment went to Browns- 
ville to guard a railroad and intercept Price. 
In December they were at Duvall's Bluff where 
they were assigned to the Reserve Corps of 
the Military Division of West Missippi,where the 
command performed duty until February 1865. 
They went ne.xt to Algiers, La., and, in the 
same month, went to the as.'sault of Mobile and 
in March were engaged in the siege of Spanish 
Fort. The reached Fort Blakely after the capit- 
ulation and went into camp below Mobile. 
They moved successively to Whistler's Station, 
Nannahubba Bluffs and Mackintosh' Blutts in 
Alabama, and engaged in erecting fortifications 
until the rebels abandoned their holdings. 
They next went into camp at Mobile and in June 
received orders to proceed to Texas. They 
were .stationed at several points on the coast 
and on tlie Rio Grande and mustered out at 
Brownsville and returned to Wisconsin. Cap- 
tain Leahy received his commission as Captain 
March 17, 1866. He returned to Wisconsin 
and in 1866 removed to Wausau where he be- 
came engaged in extensive lumber interests. 
He is associated (I8S8) with Matt P. Beebe in 
the manufacture of lumber, lath, shingles, etc., 
the firm name being Leahy & Beebe. He 
was married Sept. 30, 1871, to Mary D. Mc- 
Crosson. They have no children. Thomas 
McCrosson, brother of Mrs. Leahy, enlisted in 
Company B, 14th Wisconsin Infantry and re- 
ceived lionorable discharge on account of disa- 
bility incurred in the service. 

Captain Leahy was but seven years old when 
he came to Wisconsin, which was in the first 
year of its existence as a State; he has therefore, 
practically grown up with the commonwealth. 
He is a man of natural ability and possesses 




business qualifications which have been called 
into action in the development of the resources 
of Wisconsin and he has been noted in his con- 
nection witli the lumber interest of the State. 
He is an honored and respected citizen of Wau- 
sau and is ju.stly considered a sul)stantial mem- 
ber of its business community. 

UGENE K. ANSORGE, resident af 
Green Bay and a member of G. A. R. 
Post No. 124, was born Sept. 23, 
1843, in Christofsgrund, Bohemia. 
He is the son of Anton and Caroline (Richter) 
Ansorge. His father was a mechanic and 
farmer in Bohemia and his mother was a de- 
scendant of a family, famous in the wars of 
that country. Her father, Wenzel Richter, was 
a soldier in the Austrian army during the wars 
of Napoleon and was connected with military 
service 14 years. He belonged to the cultivated 
claiss and became prominent in civil affairs 
after leaving the army. The father of Anton 
Ansorge died at Manitowoc at the age of 96, 
having accompanied his son to America. Mr. 
Ansorge of this account was between eleven and 
twelve years old when he came to tiiis country 
and landed with his parents at tlie port of New 
York, coming direct to Manitowoc, Wis. They 
located in the woods, the father purchasing a 
40-acre tract on which not a stick had been cut. 
The son assisted in all the labor of clearing a 
place, to erect a house and in the manufacture 
of shingles in which his father engaged as soon 
as practicable. He also worked as a carpenter 
and engaged in other vocations as opportunity 
offered until he became a .soldier. He enlisted 
Jan. 4, 1865, in Company F, 45tli Wisconsin 



years. On the 
was made Ser- 
discharge July 
the war being 



Infantry, at Madison for three 
formation of the company he 
geant and received honorable 
17, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn., 
ended. The companies left the State as enlisted 
and went to Nasliville. The trust and confidence 
witii which Mr. Ansorge was regarded may 
be inferred from the special duty to which he 
was assigned and which will be manifest from 
the extract given from General Order, dated 
June 4th, 1865 : " Sergeant Eugene Ansorge of 
Company F, with 15 men, is hereby ordered to 
report at 5 o'clock a. m. to-morrow, 5th instant, 
at Chattanooga Depot as train guard. By 




cHo.;. -'lDMLc^^ si. ^dj-J^'^-^^. 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



193 



Order of Col. Henry F. Belitz, Com. 45tli Wis- 
consin Vol. Inf." His commission as Sergeant 
is dated May 6, 1865, to take effect from Feb. 8, 
1865, and is signed b)^ Col. Belitz, of the 45th. 
Mr. Ansorge returned to his father's farm in 
Manitowoc and, several months later, went to 
Franklin, Mo., where he operated as a carpenter 
for the Pacific railway corporation engaged in 
building depots and other structures necessary 
to their operations. He remained in the State 
two years, working a part of the time in St. 
Louis. In June, 1867, he started in business 
on his own account as contractor and builder 
which he followed as long as he was able. He 
returned with impaired health to Wisconsin 
and recovered slowly. In the spring of 1868 
he again inaugurated as a builder in Manitowoc 
county. In December of the same year he 
engaged as solicitor for an insurance company 
and opened his first ottice at Oconto, representing 
the Milwaukee Mechanic's Mutual and remained 
there four years. In February, 1873, he came 
to Green Bay and manages one of the leading 
insurance offices in the cit^^, conducting the 
local business of the most prominent insurance 
concerns in this counti-y and in Liverpool and 
London, England. He has acted as Common 
Councilman at Green Bay, but is in no sense 
connected with politics. He was married Sept. 
28, 1870, to Johanna Ansorge and they have 
three children living. Their names are Clara, 
Herman and Flora. Herman (1st) and Walter 
are deceased. Wenzel R. Ansorge, his brother, 
was a soldier in the 9th Wisconsin. Ernst, 
brother of Mrs. Ansorge, was in an Illinois 
regiment and was killed at Perryville. 

E^AJOR WILLIAM HENRY UP- 
vV///,\% ^^^^ ^^ Marshfield, Wis., Com- 
mander of G. A. R. Post No. 
110, (1888.) He was born at 
Westminster, Massachusetts, May 3, 1841, and 
is the son of Alvin and Sarah (Derby) Upham. 
His father was born August 2, 1799, at West- 
minster, and was married at tlie same place 
and in 1850 removed to Niles, Mich., where he 
was engaged for some years in mercantile busi- 
ness. His death occurred in March, 1851, at 
Niles, Mich. His wife .died in Racine in 
September, 1878. They had nine cliildren all 
of whom are living but three. 




Major W. H. Upham of this sketch, is the 
eighth child of his parents in order of 
birth and he is the eiglith in order of descent 
from the founder of his family, John Upham, 
who came from England to America in 1635. 
John Upham was probably born in Somerset- 
shire about the beginning of the 17th century 
and rc^presented unmi.xed English stock, dating 
back for at least four centuries. He came to 
America with his wife Elizabeth and three 
children accompanying a colony from his shire 
under the conduct of a minister of the estab- 
lished church named Joseph PIull. He was 
active in the settlement of Weymouth, Mass., 
and later located at Maiden, where he died 
Feb. 25, 1681. His gravestone is still to be seen 
in the burial ground at that place where the 
first settlers were buried. Phineas Upham, a 
son who was born about the time of the arrival 
of the family in America became prominent 
in the history of Maiden and Worcester, Mass., 
and distinguished himself in the struggles 
with the Indians ; he was a Lieutenant in 
King Philip's war. In the storming of 
Fort Canonicus which was a stronghold of the 
Narragansetts, and which occurred December 
19, 1675, he was seriously wounded and died 
from his injuries in October, 1676. He mar- 
ried Ruth Wood and their son John is the for- 
bear of Major Upham in the fifth remove. The 
successive ancestors were named respectively 
Samuel, Jonathan (1st), Jonathan (2nd), and 
Alvin. John Upliam married Abigail Hay- 
ward ; Samuel married Mary Grover ; Jonathan 
(1st) married Martlia .Jackson ; Jonathan (2nd) 
was a soldier and pensioner of the war of the 
Revolution and married his second cousin, 
Sarah Upham. Alvin Upham was their oldest 
son. Calvin Hoadley Upham, first born child 
of Alvin and Sarah Upham, is a prominent 
citizen of Ripon, Wis. He was for many years 
a merchant at Sliawano and during the war of 
the rebellion was Captain, and Commissary of 
Subsistence. He was in tiie service in tiie De- 
partment of the Gulf and after the war was 
Postmaster for some years at Ripon. 

Major Upham came to Wisconsin with his 
mother in 1853, and attended the school of 
Col. J. G. McMynn, now of Madison, Wis. 

When the probai)ilities of war became subject 
of popular discussion in Wisconsin in the 
months prior to the precipitate action of the 
South in April, 1861, tiie spirit of patriotism 
was rife at Racine, and Major Upham was 



194 



SOLDIERS ALBUM OF 



among those who hastened to enroll in the 
Belle City Rifles, an organization which in- 
cluded the flower of the youth of that city. 
Under the flrst call for troops, the organization 
reported to Governor Randall and were mus- 
tered into the 2nd Wisconsin Infantrj' as Com- 
pany F. This was the only Wisconsin regi- 
ment that was in the first battle of the war and 
the name of William H. Upham is on the first 
list of soldiers as wounded and incarcerated in 
a rehel prison. He enlisted in May, 1861, was 
mustered into service at Camp Randall, Madi- 
son, .June 11th, and one month and one day 
after leaving Wisconsin, he had passed through 
all the varieties of militarj' service which con- 
stitutes a veteran soldier. Althougli but a boy, 
Ins strength of character had made him already 
conspicuous at Racine, where he was the object 
of great interest and many hopes. After the 
disaster at Bull Run, it was only known of him 
that he wa.=! shot down and, his comrades wrote 
to his parents at Racine announcing his death. 
The excitement and anxiety in tliat city, which 
had sent a full company to the front, was in- 
describable. The letter was received at Racine 
and .John Tapley, the postmaster, announced 
its arrival to a crowd of citizens within the 
ottice. They demanded that the letter should 
be opened and, after demurring in view of 
his obligations as a government otticial, for 
some time, it was finally decided that the oc 
casion justified the act and the letter which 
brought the news of all casualties in Company 
F was read. The intelligence brought of three 
soldiers killed, nine wounded rfnd several miss- 
ing who were supposed to be dead, involved the 
city ni mourning. The funeral sermon of Will- 
iam H. Upham was preached in the First 
Presbyterian Church by the Rev. Mr. Hutchins. 
At that date, the subject of the discourse was in 
rebel bondage at Libby in the city of liichmond, 
where he recovered from his wound and re- 
mained seven months. He was then paroled, 
went to Washington and reported to the officers 
of his command and was taken to President 
Jjincoln to whom he gave a succinct statement 
of affairs in the South of which lie had gained 
a valuable knowledge througli observation and 
experience, and his apparent abilities and clear 
sightedness so pleased the President that he im- 
mediately appointed him a cadet to West Point. 
He was the first private volunteer soldier who 
had ever received such an honor. The appoint- 
ment was made in June, 1862, and young Ujaham 



was graduated in 1866 as 2nd Lieutenant and 
assigned to the 5th U. S. Artillery. In 1867 
he was transferred to the 4th U. S. Battery ; in 
1869 he was promoted 1st Lieutenant and re- 
signed his commission within the same year. 
While connected with the "oth" the command 
was on duty at Fortress Monroe, where Jeff 
Davis was held in custody pending his trial and 
Major Upham had an opportunity to obtain 
a thorough knowledge of the character of the 
fallen confederate chief. 

After leaving the service of the United States 
he returned to Wisconsin and, soon after, en- 
tered the employ of the Slauson & Grimmer 
Lumber Company at Kewaunee, with whom he 
was connected about two years. Meanwhile he 
had been observing the outlook of the times and 
the opportunities presented in Northern Wiscon- 
sin in the lumber business and in 1871 he went to 
Shawano county and built a sawmill at Angel- 
ica. Associated with his Drother, Charles M., 
he operated at that point until 1879. Marsh- 
field was platted and organized tliat year and 
the feasibility of the place as a prospective bus- 
iness center impressed him strongly and he lo- 
cated there in the midst of an uncut wilderness 
and built a saw and shingle mill which was the 
nucleus of an unprecedented influx of popula- 
tion and business. The establishment of the 
interests of the Upham Manufacturing Com- 
pany have seemed almost the work of magic, 
so rapid was the growth and so wide spreading 
the influence. The progress of Marshfield was 
of the most substantial and solid type until the 
summer of 1887, when, on the 27lh day of 
June, a destructive fire laid the business por- 
tion of the place in ashes. But the spirit of 
Major Upham was still at the fore and, two 
days afterwards, the work of reconstruction 
commenced and the plucky little city, which 
had before been built of wood was, within six 
months practically reproduced in solid brick 
and stone and the progress of the city again 
went on, after an insignificant delay. The 
prosperity of the place from first to last is the 
direct outgrowth of the enterprise of the 
Upham Manufacturing Company, whose 
operations as manufacturers are exceeded 
by no other firm in Wisconsin. Their 
products include everything made of wood, 
and their works comprise a furniture fac- 
tory with all accessories, machine shops and 
an extensive flouring mill. The capacity of 
. the flouring mills is 200 barrels a day. The 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



195 



mercantile connections of the company are 
commensurate with the other rehitions of the 
business plant, of whose extent no adequate 
conception can be conveyed in words and of 
which Major William H. Upham, who is the 
President of the company, is the founder and 
leading spirit. In the varied industries 500 
men are employed, 300 of whom reside at 
Marshfield and tlie annual transactions of the 
corncern amount to $600,000. 

During the hours of terror and despair which 
followed the destruction by fire, the character 
of Mr. Upham was displayed in a manner 
which will never fade from tlie memories of 
the people of the State and the immediate 
beneficiaries of his forethouglit and decision 
regarded him in that ih'eadful hour as an 
angel of light. Multitudes were homeless and 
without food, and the influence of Mr. Upham, 
who telegraphed to his hosts of friends far and 
wide, brought the necessary assistance with 
little delay. And, as soon as the first wants 
were met, knowing that hope for the future 
was the best remedy to apply, at the first 
possible moment he announced his plans and 
proceeded to put them into immediate o[>eration.. 
No necessity was too small to engage his in- 
terested attention and secure prompt alleviation, 
and no plan for the future which contained a 
promise of benefit to the needy was too great 
for the scope of his ability. While Major 
Upham has not considered tiie municipal 
affairs of Marshtield beneath his position, lie 
has declined the emoluments of Congressional 
honors which might have been his, had he so 
elected. He wisely decides that his local in- 
terests reflect on his character all the honor to 
which a citizen need aspire. 

Major Upham was the founder of the G. A. 
R. Post at Marshfield of which he has been 
Commander for successive years. He is a mem- 
ber of the Loyal Legion and served as Aid on 
the Staff of Department Commander, Lucius 
Fairchild with the rank of Major. After the 
death of President Garfield he was appointed 
by President Arthur on a commission to visit 
the Annapolis Naval Academj'. 

Major Upham was married at Racine Dec. 10, 
1867, to Mary C, daughter of James H. Kelley, 
a prominent citizen of the Belle City and a 
heavy dealer in lumber. The ancestry of Mrs. 
Upham in the paternal line were settlers in New 
York, where her father was born. Her mother, 
Emily C. Hussey, before marriage, (now de- 




, ceased) was descended from Massachusetts stock 
which located at Nantucket and was connected 
with tlie best families of the island, the astrono- 
ner Mitchell lieing a cousin. The portrait of 
Mr. Upham which appears on page 192 is 
a copy of a photograph taken in 1888. 

ILLIAM R. ENDERBY, a farmer 
on section 35, Preble township. 
Brown Co.. Wis., and formerly a 
soldier of the civil war, was liorn 
.Jan. 30, 1841, in Lincolnshire, England. His 
parents, John and Eliza (Slierritt') Enderby, 
were both natives of England and came to 
America in 1854 ; they located in Wisconsin, 
settling in Freedom, Outagamie county, where 
they were farmers until 1857, and in that year 
located in the township of f-'reble. 

Mr. Enderby entered the army within tlie 
first year of the war, enlisting Oct. 19, 1861, in 
Company H, 12tli Wisconsin Infantry, at 
Green Bay, for three years. Dec. 31, 1863, he 
was discharged at Natchez, Miss., to become a 
veteran and he re-enlisted the same day in the 
same company and regiment. He received 
final discharge July 16, 1865, at Louisville, Ky., 
under special order of the War Department. 
Mr. Enderby was in rendezvous at Madison 
with his regiment and on going to the front 
was in all the exposure and useless movements 
which involved all the hardships of military 
service in an inclement season and in which he 
made the long marches which covered all the 
time until the spring of 1863, when he was 
first in action at Cold Water and went thence 
to the Siege of Vicksburg. A part of his regi- 
ment was in the action at Jackson and his 
brigade went to Natchez in August where the 
command remained until the regiment was re- 
organized after the bulk of its numbers had 
veteranized. Mr. Enderby was a participant in 
the work of the Meridian expedition in which 
the 12th did a large amount of business, cal- 
culated to cripple the resources of the rebels 
and marched over 400 miles. He returned to 
Wisconsin in the .spring of 1863 on his veteran's 
furlough and, on returning, became a member 
of the Army of the Tennessee and took jiart in 
the actions preceding the Atlanta campaign 
with the troops under Sherman. He was taken 
with chronic diarrhea and went to the hospital at 



196 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



Huntsville, Ala., and succesively to the hospitals 
at Nashville, Tenn., and Louisville, Ky., and, 
after recovery, went to join his regiment going 
by way of New Yoik to Pocotaligo and to Wil- 
mington, N. C, and made connection with the 
command of Sherman. On the day before the 
surrender^of .Johnston, while on picket duty at 
Pocotaligo, he was struck in the throat by a 
spent ball. The hardships of the Meridian 
march caused varicose veins of the right leg 
and the march to Washington after the close of 
hostilities caused the same trouble in his left 
leg. 

After being discharged with his regiment he 
returned to Wisconsin and has since been a 
farmer. He was married Sept. 8, 1865, to Eliza 
Ann Jeffry. Their children who are living are 
named Annie Eliza, ,Tohn T., May L., William 
L., Carrie .Jane, Robert G., Wilbert M., Albert 
H., Duane M., Lottie A. and I^oella A. Melinda 
died when a little less than two years old. Tlie 
oldest daughter is married. Robert Sherriff, 
who was a soldier in the civil war, is the uncle 
of Mr. Enderby ; a sketch of him appears 
on another page. At the first presidential 
election after he returned from tlie war, his 
father, who was a Democrat, proposed that they 
should go to the polls to vote. The son ob- 
jected, as he knew his father would deposit a 
vote contrary to the principles for which he 
had fought. But, as the father insisted, the son 
went and nullified the Democratic vote by 
voting for Grant. 

OHN L. FOWLER of Marinette, Wis., 
member of G. A. R. Post No. 207, was 
born Feb. 16, 1845, in Virginia. He was 
born in bondage and was raised as a 
slave in the city of Hannibal, Mo., where he 
worked in a tobacco factory. lie was still 
there when the war broke out and was at the 
battle of Wilson's Creek where he witnessed 
the death of General Lyon. He was in the 
personal service of Captain Stewart and after 
the battle, a ditch which they had to cross was 
made passable for the command to which he 
belonged by being filled with the bodies of 
dead rebels. They went back to Hannibal to 
recruit and to allow the sick and wounded to 
recover health. After the Emancipation Proc- 
lamation he went to Chicago, thence to Bos- 



ton, Mass., and to Pittsfield, where he enlisted in 
the 54th Massachusetts Infantry (colored). The 
regiment was assigned to the command of Gen- 
eral Gilmore and Mr. Fowler was in the assault 
at Fort Wagner on Morris Island where he was 
wounnded in bis head, body and legs and was 
sent home to die. He made all possible haste 
to recover and went to Davenport, la., and en- 
listed in the 60th United States Infantry (col- 
ored.) The regiment went to Helena, Ark., and 
successively to Little Rock, Brownsville, Du- 
vall's Blutf, Powhatan, Big and Little Black 
Rivers, Pine Bluff and thence to Little Rock 
overland, the regiment being detailed as escort 
to a supply train. He next performed duty as 
escort to a foraging party to Fort Gibson and 
thence as mail escort to Fort Scott. He went 
to Little Rock and Duvall's Bluff where he did 
duty in secret service until the regiment was 
united, when he went to Davenport, la., and 
received discharge. 

He was married November 27, 1868, to Sa- 
rah E. Arthur of Green Bay and they have one 
daughter named Eva. Mrs. Fowler was born 
m Atlanta, Ga. 

HRISTIAN SCHLEGEL, a farmer on 
section 24 in the townshiji of ^\'est- 
field, Marquette cminty, Wis., was 
born June 17, ls:i8, in Sargans, in 
the Canton of St.'Gallen, Switzerland. He is 
the son of Ulrich and Elizabeth (Sutter) 
Schlegel and he was 19 years old when he 
came to America. He w'ent to Milwaukee in 
1857 and in 1862 removed to Ripon. He was 
among the very first soldiers who enlisted in 
Wisconsin, enrolling as a soldier in defense of 
the Union on the day when the requisition for 
troops was made on the Governor of Wisconsin 
and he enlisted April 15, 18()1, in the orga- 
nization which was assigned to tiie 1st Wiscon- 
sin Infantry as Company D, and April 27th he 
w'as with his command at Milwaukee and left 
the State June 9th. He went to Chambersburg 
and soon after to Hagerstown, Md., and in July 
moved across the Potomac River, where he en- 
gaged July 2nd in the fir.st action in which 
Wisconsin troops met tlie rebels. In the fight 
at Falling Waters in which Mr. Schlegel par- 
ticipated, the first Wisconsin soldier was killed 
in the war, George Drake, of Milwaukee. (See 
sketch.) Tlie command was almost in constant 




PERSONAL RECORDS. 



197 



movement in expectation of battle, in oliecking 
the movements of the rebels, in marches and 
on guard duty until the regiment was ordered 
to \Visconsin to be mustered out, its term of 
service having expired. On one occasion Mr. 
Schlegel was detailed to take a rebel across the 
river and before the duty was accomplislied 
the rebel cavalry was in pursuit and tired on 
the sipiad when about half way across, but 
nobody was injured. On an other occasion, he 
was on picket duty an<l went to a house to ob- 
tain some food, where he encountered a rebel 
captain, made him a prisoner and took him to 
headquarters Avlience he was sent to Washing- 
ton. At Falling Waters a ball j)assed through 
the stock of liis gun- between the barrel and 
ramrod, another pa.ssed between his arm and 
l)ody, piercing liis knapsack, and another 
tlu'dugh the rub1)er blankrt wliich he hail tieil 
around his breast. 

The occupation of Mr. Scldegel before lie en- 
listed M'as that of a shoemaker and after his 
return from the war he engaged in farming 
and now owns NO acres of land. In iSdS lie 
removed to Marcpiette county and lucated in 
the town of Harris, removing to Westheld 
township in lS7(i. He was married in lii])on. 
Wis., to Adelia Eckert, and they liave seven 
living cliildren. Lilly, is tlie wife of A. E. 
(iiu'dy; the others are named Lola, Rosetta, 
Oswald, Eno, Emma and Beno ; .Jennit' is 
deceased. INIr. Schlegel was well educated in 
his native countiy and he has given his chil- 
dren excellent school training. Two of his 
daughters are teachers and one of his sons 
attends the high school at Westfield. He is a 
good and relialjle citizen who is esteemed liy 
the connuunitv in whicli he lives. 



OHN T. HAND, a merchant of Beaver 
Dam, Wis., the proprietor of "The Fair", 
a business establishment of prominence 
in that city and a former soldier of the 
Civil War, was born .Jan. 20, IS 44 at Liberty- 
ville, Ulster Co., New York. When he was IS 
months old his parents, Abial H. and Catherine 
(Schoonmaker) Hand, removed to Canajoharie, 
Montgomery Co., New York, where he passed 
his youth aud resided until he entered the 
army. He received a common school education 
and, when he was 14, he became a clerk in a 



dry goods store where he operated until he en- 
listed. He enrolled March 11, 1862 in Company 
E, 43rd New York Infantry, entering the 
service as a recruit and joining liis regiment in 
front of Yorktown and lie participated in that 
action. He was in the skirmishing to Williams- 
burg and his next service after that battle was 
in the 7-days fighting on the Peninsula, after 
which he was taken sick with typhoid fever 
contracted in that campaign, and was sent to 
the field hospital whicli, with all its inmates, 
was taken by the rebels. He was sent to Rich- 
mond aud conHnd in prison No. 4 three weeks 
and was one of the detail to clean Libby prison 
before its occupancy as a prison pen. He went 
to the prison at Belle Isle and, tliree weeks later, 
was exchanged. Wilder was the rebel com- 
missioner of exchange and the Union prisoners 
destined for release were passed through a 
gate and counted off. Mr.. Hand was in the rear 
and only two passed through after him. He 
was within three of being obliged to endure all 
that those not exchanged under that cartel, 
passed through in the various "hells" devisecl 
by rebel ingenuity to torture those who "followed 
the flag". Mr. Hand rejoined his regiment at 
Harrison's Landing after an absence ot six 
weeks. He recuperated ra[)idly after reaching 
his command and was in the fight at Antietam 
and successively participated in all the experi- 
ences of the Wisconsin "fighting 5th" with 
which his regiment was brigaded. Among the 
prominent actions were Fredericksburg, Marye's 
Height's, Chancellorsville, Salem Cliurch, Get- 
tysburg, Rappahannock Station, Mine Run, the 
battles of the Wilderness including Spotsylvania 
and the action about four miles from Chancel- 
lorsville, in which he was wounded May 10, 
1864. He was struck in the left hip by a piece 
of a shell, a fragment from a case shot entering 
his body. He went to hospital at Patterson 
Park, Baltimore, and rejoined his regiment Oct. 
14th following. He reached his company on 
the 17th, just in time to connect with the fight- 
ing force of Sheridan in the battle of Winchester 
and, after that grand action, went to the rifle 
pits before Petersburg. He remained there ex- 
posed to rebel fire until March 11, 1865, when 
he was discharged, his term of enhstment hav- 
ing expired. His deep regret is that he could 
not have foreknown tliat the end was so near at 
hand as it would have been a glorious experience 
to have been connected with the collapse of the 
Great Struggle. As he says, he would not have 



198 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



cared "if he had lost a leg". At Fredericksburg 
lie was hit by a piece of shell whicli tore a hole 
in his knapsack and also received a bullet in his 
Ijody-belt buckle which doubled it like an egg 
shell. At Mine Run he firmly believed for 
some time that he was shot through the body 
as he saw a sharpshooter fire at him. He 
desires to add as an instance of the real 
understanding commanders have of the finale 
of an action, the address of Hancock to his com- 
mand before Antietam : — "Boys, 1 want every 
man to do his duty for this will, in all probabil- 
ity, be the last battle of the war." 

Mr. Hand returned to Montgomery county 
and, soon after, went to Clinton, De Witt Co., 
111., where he was occupied as a clerk seven 
years. He went thence to Decatur, 111., and 
entered into business on his own responsibility 
and has since been so interested. The father of 
Mr. Hand was born in New Jersey and was the 
son of a sea captain ; he fought in the war of 
l.sr2 and was in the actions on Lake Champlain. 
Mr. Hand is the descendant of patriots of the 
Revolution and in the maternal line is of Hol- 
land Dutch extraction. His ancestral stock 
settled in Ulster county with the families who 
became historic through their connection with 
the early history of the settlement of the 
country. He was married Aug. 30, 1868 to 
Anna Brown and their daughter is named Lena 
B. Mrs. Hand was born in Boston and her fam- 
ily were of Massachusetts origin and in the 
maternal line belonged to the Weld family of 
Boston. 

W LBERT A. DANIELS, of Berlin, Wis., 
^/'V ^ memljer of G. A. R. Post No. 4, 
y<^^V ^^''^^ born in Hartford, Conn., Oct. 
16, 1840, and is the son of Eli W. 
and Ann (Miner) Daniels. The son was three 
years old when his parents moved to Caledonia 
in New York, and, when he was seven, they 
came to Wisconsin and located at Oconomowoc 
where they passed three years. There the 
mother died and the son went to the home of 
his uncle, Morgan Daniels, at Cold Spring on 
tlie Hudson, opposite West Point. His uncle 
conducted a select school whicli he attended 
two years. While there, his father went to 
Auroraville, Wis., and he joined him in 1852. 
He enlisted Aug. 18, 1862, at that place in 



Company H, 30th Wisconsin Infantry for three 
years and received honorable discharge Sept. 
20, 1865, at Louisville, Ky. The 30th Wiscon- 
sin has a history differing in many respects 
from that of the other infantry regimen Is from 
Wisconsin. About the time it was in readiness 
for active business, the draft difficulties arose 
and the several companies were distributed 
throughout Wisconsin. Mr. Daniels remained 
in Madison in rendezvous, until detailed to con- 
duct conscripts to the front at Chattanooga. 
He made connection with his regiment at 
Camp Washburn, Milwaukee, and, in April, 
went to Benton Barracks, St. Louis, and thence 
to Dakota and assisted in building Fort Rice. 
There he was ill with typhoid fever, the result 
of exposure to malaria while herding cattle. 
He went to the fort hospital, and had an ex- 
perience which permanently affected his health. 
About the first of November he reported for 
duty. The garrison had constructed river 
boats for their transportation down the Mis- 
souri River and to one of these the ho.spital 
boats were attached. Mr. Daniels was aboard 
one of them and, when they arrived in the 
vicinity of Omaha, they were frozen in during 
a heavy snovvstorm. They went ashore and 
passed election day in voting, it being the date 
of the second election of Lincoln. They 
marched thence to Omaha and spent the first 
night in sheds, pigpens and other deserted 
buildings. They went thence to Council Bluffs 
and passed several days, while the weather im- 
proved. A detail was sen t back for the boats and 
they started down the river. They had left 
Fort Rice under orders to join the command of 
Sherman at Nashville and, when they arrived 
above St. Joe, Mo., were again frozen in. They 
stripped the boats of everything of value and 
abandoned them. They marched to St. Joe, 
where they arrived Nov. 25th, and, two days 
later, started for Quincy. The rebels had par- 
tially destroyed a bridge west of Chillicothe, 
Mo., through which a freight train, which pre- 
ceded theirs went down and many lives, des- 
tined through rebel malice to be lost, were 
saved. The bridge was repaired and they pro- 
ceeded by Hannilml, Mo., Quincy, 111., Lafay- 
ette and Indianapolis to Louisville. Orders 
were received for Nashville, but the rebel cav- 
alry becoming troublesome at Bowling Green, 
they left the train to protect the town. The 
rebels turned their course south and destroyed 
a bridge, depot and several trains. (December, 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



199 



1864.) The regiment camped at Bowling 
Green until January, 1S65, guarding the pris- 
oners taken from Hood by Thomas. (Among 
them were 18 rebel surgeons.) They were 
afterwards sent in detachments to Fortress 
Monroe, Kelley's Island, New York harbor and 
to Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, witli pris- 
oners. After the distribution of prisoners, the 
80th went to Louisville and guarded them. 
March 1st, Mr. Daniels was detailed to the 
headquarters of Gen. .John M. Palmer in the 
mail department wliere he remained until he 
was discliarged. 

He returned to Auroraville, and assumed 
charge of the sawnjill of his father January 1, 
1866, and managed the business there three 
3'ears. He then bought a farm in tiie vicinit}' 
and was engaged as an agriculturist until 
March, 1884, when he purchased a st ck of 
goods of E. Sherwood at that place. Oct. 1, 
1885, he purchased the business interests of H. 
G. Childs and is now managing his relations in 
the sale of groceries and crockery on a large 
scale. He was married July 14, 1867, to Emma 
E. Clark of Auroraville. Their sons are named 
Clark Elmer and Charles Arthur. The par- 
ents of Mrs. Daniels were former residents near 
Syracuse, New York. Chester Clark, her 
father, was a Lieutenant in Company H, 30th 
Wisconsin, and lost his health in the service. 
Her mother was Mary Miles before marriage. 
Theodore Daniels; a brother of Mr. Daniels, 
was a soldier in the 1st Wisconsin H. A., Bat- 
tery B. The father of Mr. Daniels was born at 
East Windsor, Conn. The mother was also of 
a Connecticut family. 



r^^ EORGE CORBIN, of 

P^ Mich., and a riiember of (t. .V. 



Menomonoe, 

, R. 

^^■''•^^ Post Lyon, No. -Jlili, was born March 
17, l8o8, in Florence, Erie Co., Ohio. 
His parents, Orin and Chloe (Parker) Corbin, 
■were natives, respectively of New York and 
A'erniont and in both lines of descent he comes 
of patriotic stuck, his ancestors having fur- 
nished assistants in establishing the (tovern- 
ment, in the Revolution and in substantiating 
independence in 1812. He was educated in the 
common schools and trained in the business of 
a farmer until he was 17 years old, when he 
came to Wisconsin and located at Oconto. His 



employment was that con^mon to that section 
of Wisconsin and he operated as a saw-mill 
hand and lumberman in which he was occu- 
pied until the autunni of LStil wIumi he deter- 
minded to enlist. He ein'olled in October in 
Company F, I'itli Wisconsin Infantry at Oconto 
for three years and he received honorable dis- 
charge at C!hattanooga, Tenn., at its expiration 
in October 18()4. 

The company in which Mr. Corbin was en- 
rolled was named the "River Sackers", a term 
which sufficiently demonstrates its character, 
as it was composed chiefly of men inured to 
the severest labor and to all sorts of exyiosure 
and hardshi}). He left the State with his com- 
mand in January following his enlistment, the 
regiment l)eing the largest that had then gone 
to the front from Wisconsin. It was a regi- 
ment of which the State was justly i)roud and 
amply sustained its prospective record. The 
12th was ordered to Fort Leavenworth, Kans., 
enduring the rigors of a severe winter en route 
and in mid-January, passed a night without 
protection from cold of 20 degrees below zero 
on the banks of the Mississippi River. In a 
month they arrived at Leiivenworth and in 
March started for Fort Scott, a march of 160 
miles, an(J went thence to Lawrence, and to 
Fort Riley. Events made their journey vain 
and they returned to Leavenworth in ^hiy. 
Their ne.xt remove was to St. Louis, and to 
Columlms, Ky., and there they engaged in re- 
pairing the railroad, whence they went to 
Union City, and Humboldt, Tenn. There a 
part of the command was mounted on horses 
that had been secured while searching for 
■ bushwhackers, and the work performed at that 
point by the command was of great service in 
more than one direction. In October the regi- 
ment went to Pocahontas as reserve in the fight 
at Hatchie, and afterwards went to Bolivar,Tenn. 
In Novemlier they were assigned to the Army 
of the Mississippi under Grant and moved 
southward. They were in a reconnoitering 
expedition and captured a considerable number 
of prisoners and were in motion thi-ough that 
month and December. The next removal was 
to Moscow, and thence to La Fayette, Collins- 
ville, and Memphis where they arrived in 
March. Tliey performed reserve dutj^ until 
the middle of May when they started for 
Meksl)urg arid took position in the trenches 
there, where they remained during the siege. 
Thev were engaged at Jackson within a few 



200 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



days, and when Sherman's command was orga- 
nized for the march to Atlanta they were 
assigned to the 17th Corps under General Blair. 
They were in the several actions included in the 
general term battle of Kenesaw Mountain and 
fought at Big Shanty. They were engaged at 
Bald Hill where they did some of the heaviest 
fighting of the war, losing more than a fourth 
of the command (including five color bearers) 
within fifteen minutes. A week later the regi- 
ment was engaged in the siege of Atlanta, and 
later on at .Jonesboro, wliich was the last battle 
in which Mr. Corbin fought. The veterans 
who re-enlisted took their furloughs and the 
non-veterans went to Chattanooga, where their 
connection with the military history of the 
Government and their State ceased. 

He returned to Oconto and resumed the 
business of a lumberman and, soon after, was 
made foreman of the sawmill of Jones & Col- 
lins. Li ihe spring of 1885 he removed to 
Menomonee to take a position in the employ of 
the Kirby Carpenter Lumber Company. He is 
now their filer, a situation in which skill and 
judgment is a consideration. A brother of 
Mr. Corbin's, .Jude, was a member of Company 
B, 3rd Ohio Cavalry, and fouglit through the 
war. 

In March, 1S<jS, he was married to Henrietta 
Warner. Their children are named Charles 
and Mary. Mrs. Corbin was born in the State 
of New York, the daughter of Lucius and 
Paulina (Putnam) Warner. Her sister's hus- 
band, Harry Mathews, enlisted from Illinois. 

^ MMl \l. HAMLIN, Station Agent at 
^ Brillion, Wis., was born Nov., 8 
1845, in Pennsylvania. When he 
was eight years of age his parents, 
Sylvester B. and Nancy (MeGarvey) Hamlin, 
removed to Illinois and located at Erie, White- 
side county. He was Ijrought up with small 
educational advantages, owing to the unsettled 
condition of that part of the State and the 
necessity of his early undertaking his own 
maintenance. He was mucli interested in cur- 
rent events and, when the war was on hand as 
the absorbing topic of all circles, he was too 
young to enlist, and he- followed the fortunes 
of the Sth Illinois Cavalry as an Orderly with- 
out recompense of any character. He accom- 




panied the regiment to the Army of the Poto- 
mac, and was a participant in all the dangers 
and hardships on the Peninsula and he was in 
all the actions of that memorable summer. He 
was in the advance on Richmond, arri\ing so 
close to that city as to be able to look into its 
streets when "Sound Retire" sent the Union 
forces on the equally memorable retreat of 
seven days. After the veteranizing of the 8th 
Illinois (Vivalry, he enlisted, having arrived at 
the age required by the military authorities 
and he enrolled at Morri.son, Whiteside county 
Jan. 2, 1864, in Company C, for three years, 
and received honorable discharge July 17, 
1865, at Benton Barracks, St. Louis. The reg- 
iment was attached to the command of General 
Kil])atrick and Mr. Hamlin participated in his 
splendid raids. Its last canq)aigns were in the 
valley of A'irginia against the guerrilla chief. 
Col. Mosby, and in the defense of Washington. 
The 8th Illinois Cavalry was one of the com- 
mands that made its own history as events 
succeeded each other and, as the regiment was 
in the war from first to last, its rccr)rd was 
such as to reflect a luster that has not waned 
in 1888. Its liattles were all the prominent 
actions inuler the management of McClellan 
and after its assignment to the connnand of 
Kilpati'ick, it was a part of the glorious i-ireci' 
which stands on history's ])ages distinguished 
through his name. 

After release from military life, Mr. Hamlin 
secured a fair education by his own efforts and 
at his own expense, and his first regular em- 
ployment was as a farmer, in \\'hich he was 
occupied three years. At the expiration of 
that time he entered a paper juill at Clinton, 
Iowa, as a fireman after which he acquired a 
knowledge of telegraphy and was first employed 
as an operator by the corporation of the N. W. 
R. R. at Franklin (h'ove. Ills. He served there 
seven years and went next to his home at Erie 
and engaged in the coopering Inisiness for a 
short time, when he was employed by the same 
railroad corporation at Kenosha, Wis., remain- 
ing two years. In 1880 he went to Cato Sta- 
tion, Wis., and operated there two years as 
agent, leaving the position to le-enter the em- 
ploy of the C. & N. W. at Nachusa, Ills., where 
he passed 10 months. In 1882 he canit; to 
Brillion to act in the capacity he is now filling. 

He was united in marriage Oct. 3, 1877, to 
Lucy y. Roe, of Franklin Grove, Ills. The 
two children that are now members of the 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



201 




lioiisehold are named Fred Roe and Roy Amrai. 
Mrs. Haralin was born in Liglitliouse, Lee Co., 
Ills., and her parents represent Kentucky 
blood in botli lines of descent. Her brother, 
Nathaniel C. Roe, was a soldier in the war of 
the rebellion, and a brother of Mr. Hamlin, 
Oliver C, was an enlisted man in the loth Illi- 
nois Infantry. A partial list of the battles and 
skirmishes, in which Mr. Hamlin was a par- 
ticipant, includes 2iid Bull Run, Seven Days, 
South Mountain, Antietam, Chancellorsville, 
Culpepper, Point of Rocks, Dundee, Harper's 
Ferry, Frederick City and Monocacy. 



■.^w^-j>»^^^<5*f-<5«f^. 



HARLES L. WOOD, resident at Royal- 
ton, Waupaca Co., Wis., was born 
March 4, 1843, in Pulaski, Mercer 
Co., Pennsylvania. When he was 12 
years old he accompanied his father, Samuel N. 
Wood, to Aledo, Mercer Co., 111., where two 
elder brothers had preceded them. A younger 
brother afterwards followed them, and a year 
later two sisters settled at tlie same place. Soon 
after the youngest sister, the house-keeper of 
the household, died and the family were again 
dispersed. Mr. Wood of this sketch went to 
Northport, Wis., and was employed there when 
the war broke out. He was a little past 18 
when he enlisted August 21, 1861 , at Waupaca 
for three years in Company A, 8th Wisconsin 
Infantry. January 7, 1863, he veteranized and 
received honorable discharge at Demopolis, 
Ala., September 5, 1865. Mr. Wood was a 
member of the Eagle regiment and his roster 
of battles includes 27 names inscribed on the 
country's roll of honor. He left the State 
October 12th after enlisting and, eight days 
later, was engaged in a skirmish at Frederick- 
town, Mo. He was in the action at Island No. 
10 and at Farmington, was next in a reconuois- 
ance near Corinth, engaged in the first and 
second battles at Coi'inth, at luka and .Jackson, 
participated in the siege at Vicksburg and was 
in several actions in that vicinity, fought at 
Mechanicsburg on the Yazoo River, aided in 
the capture of Richmond, La., and skirmished 
until January with Forrest's guerrillas. Mr. 
Wood was a member of the Meridian expedi- 
tion and went with his regiment in Smith's 
expedition up the Red River. He was in tlie 



charge at Fort Scurry, at Fort DeRussey, Hen- 
derson Hill and Pleasant Hill. Returning to 
Missouri he went with his command to drive 
the rebels out of that State and was afterwards 
in the battle of Nashville ; he went to Mobile 
and was in the charges at Spanish Fort and 
Fort Blakely. The regiment marched 100 
miles to Montgomei-y, Ala., and thence to 
Union Town whence tliey went to the place of 
their discharge. 

Mr. Wood returned to Royalton where he 
engaged in the vocation of painter. October 
10, 1867, he was married to Mattie Whitman 
and their children are named Ralph and Or- 
ville. They are two promising young men 
aged 21 and 17 respectively. The father and 
three brothers of Mr. Wood were in the army. 



»^>e^*-J»S^i^^^^5tf-.««5«f- 



/o^ ORNELIUS CONSTINE, of Peshtigo 
|/^xx^ Wis., was born April 1, 1846, in Lan- 
>^v/ caster, Canada. His father, Richai'd 
Constine, was the son of a patriot of 
1812 and passed his life in this country, remov- 
ing with his family to New York in 1849. In 
1873 the son came to Wisconsin and located at 
Peshtigo where he is well-known as a farmer 
and in his connection with the lumbering inter- 
ests of that locality. His marriage to Mary E. 
Helmer took place in 186"> and their children 
were named Nellie M., Frankie, Herbert, Marga- 
ret, Edie and Freddie. Edie is deceased, as are 
Lotta and Clarence. Nellie is married. 

In December, 1863, Mr. Constine enlisted in 
tlie 106th New York Infantry at Madrid, St. 
Lawrence county, New York, enrolling in Com- 
pany G for three ye;irs. The regiment went 
from the place of rendezvous to make connec- 
tion with the army of the Shenandoah \^alley 
and Mr. Constine was in the battle of Winches- 
ter, fought at Cedar Creek and, at Fisher's Hill, 
preceeding the latter action, he was a partici- 
pant in one of the most complete victories gained 
by the Union arms. The regiment was with 
Sheridan throughout the remainer of the con- 
flict which was then drawing to a close, and 
fought in the actions in the vicinity of Rich- 
mond and at Sailor's Creek, April 8th, and Mr. 
Constine witnessed the surrender at Appomat- 
tox. He was wounded at Winchester but re- 
covered after slight treatment to take part in 



202 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 




the actions named. He was discharged from 
the Rhode Island distributing hospital at Alex- 
andria on the close of the war. 

YRON B. TARBOX, of Wood town- 
ship, Wood Co., Wis., forme I'ly a 
soldier of the civil war, was Born 
.lune 21, 1838 in the town of Edin- 
burg, Penobscot Co., Maine. He is the son of 
Roswell B. and Berthina Tarbox and he lived 
in Maine until 1850, when he came to Adams 
county, Wisconsin. He afterwards went to 
Juneau county and in 1870, fixed his residence 
where he now lives. When he came to Wis- 
consin, he followed the business of a blacksmith 
and also operated as a lumberman until he en- 
tered the army. He enlisted May 17, 1861, in 
Company D, 4th Wisconsin Infantrj^at Quincy 
for three years and he received honorable dis- 
charge December 10, 1863, at Baton Rouge, La. 
Mr. Tarbox belonged to a regiment which was 
commanded by a Colonel who made his record 
before going to the front, as he devised and 
consummated a plan to gei his regiment through 
the State of New York when the railroad auth- 
orities refused to furnish transportation, and 
Colonel Paine never lost prestige with his com- 
mand even under tne most trying circum- 
stances. He stopped in Harrisburg and ob- 
tained muskets for his soldiers, as the disaster at 
Bull Run might have caused a demand for troops 
at a moment's notice. Mr. Tarbox went with the 
regiment to Newport News to make connection 
with the command of Butler, preparatory to 
proceeding to the occupation of New Orleans 
going on the "Great Republic," and while under 
the charge of General .Williams in command, 
suffered much hardship from the treatment he 
bestowed on the soldiers on shipboard and from 
confinement which caused much illness. He 
was in the subsequent movements of the regi- 
ment to the rear of the forts at the mouth of 
the Mississippi River, and his company was one 
that took a position which convinced the rebels 
that the safest way was to surrender the fortifica- 
tions. They proceeded to join the forces of 
Butler at New Orleans and went next to Baton 
Rouge and thence to Port Hudson and on to 
Vicksburg and were obliged to withdraw from 
an unsuccessful attempt to commence action 
against the city. On the return to Baton Rouge 



the rebels fired on their transport and when the 
second attempt to ascend the river was made 
they burned Grand Gulf in retaliation, under 
orders of Genei'al Butler. He was in the sharp 
action at Baton Rouge where General Williams 
was killed and afterwards foraged with his regi- 
ment for horses and chased a batallion of Texas 
Rangers, returning to proceed again to an 
assault on Port Hudson where the command 
dismounted. Mr. Tarbox took part in the sev- 
eral assaults on Port. Hudson and was still with 
the regiment when it was transformed into a 
cavalry command. That was accomplished in 
September, 1863. Soon after, he was taken sick 
and was sent to the hospital at Baton Rouge, 
where he remained until he received discharge 
for disability. 

He returned to Adams county, and resumed 
his business as a farmer as soon as he was res- 
tored to health. He has always been active in 
the local management of public affairs and in 
Adams county, he officiated as School Director, 
holding the position three years. He also acted 
in the capacity of Supervisor of Armenia town- 
ship in 1869, and was made postmastea- at 
Miner in Wood county. He has officiated as 
Treasurer of Wood Township two years and, 
in 1881, was Assessor of the same township, 
He is present Supervisor of Wood Township, 
(1888). In political opinion and record he is a 
solid Republican. 

He married Eliza M. BuUis and their chil- 
dren are, Mary E. and Robert C. Sidney A. 
is deceased. The father of Mrs. Tarbox was a 
soldier in the civil war and died from the re- 
sult of disbilities incurred in the service. Mr. 
Tarbox had two brothers in the war. Albert 
E. was killed at the battle of Gettysburg, and 
Chancey D. was wounded at Baton Rouge, La. 
He was a soldier in the same regiment as Mr. 
Tarbox. Since the war the latter has been en- 
gaged in farming ; he has a place including SO 
acres located on Section 15, Wood Township. 

OHN C. WROLSTAD, a resident of lola, 
Waupaca county, Wis., and a member of 
G. A. R. Post No. 99, at lola, was born 
April 8, 1839, in Norway. 
When he was four years old his parents re- 
moved with their family to America and lo- 
cated in Jefferson county, Wis., in the town of 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



203 



Ixonia. After a residence there of 12 years 
they went to New Hope, Portage county, and, 
during the first months of the war Mr. Wrol- 
stad determined to enlist. When the Scandi- 
navian regiment was recruited, many of Mr. 
Wrolstad's friends enrolled and he enlisted at 
Scandinavia Nov. 5, 1861, in Company I, 15th 
Wisconsin Infantry for three years. The com- 
mand proceeded from the I'endezvous at Camp 
Randall to a point on the Ohio River and in 
March, 1862, went to the attack at Island No. 
10. After the evacuation he was in the action 
on the sliore in wliich the rebel camps with 
their supplies were captured and was afterwards 
on garrison duty on the island which was left 
in charge of the captain of Company G, and 
joined the i-egiment September 21, 1863, at 
Chickaniauga. In October, 1862, he was in the 
action at Island No. 10, in which an attack of 
rebel cavalry was repulsed and, after rejoining 
the regiment, the captain of Company G took 
command of the regiment as senior captain. 
Mr. Wrolstad was in the trenches at Chatta- 
nooga until about the middle of October, when 
he was transferred to guard duty and was in 
tlie assault at Mission Ridge and afterwards at 
Lookout Mountain and at Orcliard Knob. He 
went next on a long march to Knoxville which 
was one of the most intolerable experiences of 
the campaign and was the cause of the mem- 
bers of the regiment refusing to veteranize. He 
was afterwards on guard duty through the 
winter and, in the spring marched from Straw- 
berry Plains to be assigned to the Army of the 
Cumberland in the Atlanta campaign. He 
was in the skirmish line at Resaca and was in 
the actions on Rocky Face Ridge, afterwards 
pui'suing the rebels to Cassville. He was next 
in the action at Pumpkin Vine Creek and 
fought at Pine Mountain, going next to Lost 
Mountain and Kenesaw and was next in posi- 
tion at Peach Tree Creek. In a night charge 
of the rebels near Atlanta, where many of the 
regiment was captured, he saved himself by 
jumping down a steep bank. He was in the 
trenches in the siege of Atlanta and in the 
action at .Jonesboro and went next to Chatta- 
nooga, where he remained until his company 
was mustered out February 11, 1865. Since 
the war he has been a resident of Waupaca 
county and lived in the town of lola, where he 
is engaged in lumbering. 

He was married in 1867, to Mathia Norde 



and their children are named Osena, James, 
Alfred, Martin, Loren, Henry, .Josephine and 
Mabel. 

LBERT MELVIN COLE of Appleton, 
u Wis., one of the Charter members 
/^^jL °^ ^^°- ^- Eggleston Post No. 133, 
G. A. R., was born in Limerick, 
York Co., Maine, April 8, 1845. He inherited 
the spirit which the patriots of the Revolution 
left to their descendants in New England and, 
a few months after he was 16 years old, he 
became a soldier in defense of the Union which 
his ancesters had established. He enlisted Dec. 
5, 1861, in Company I, 1st Maine Cavalry at 
Augusta for three years. He was promoted to 
Sergeant and was discharged as sucli Dec. 5, 
1864, his term of enlistment having expired. 
The 1st Maine Cavalry was one of the most con- 
spicuous in the cavalry service during the war 
and bears the honor of participating in a 
greater number of engagements than an} other 
cavalry command. The roster on its colors in- 
cludes Middleton, Winchester, Cedar Mountain, 
2nd Bull Run, South Mountain, Antietam, 
Fredericksburg, Rappahannock Station, Brandy 
Station, Aldie, Middleburg, Upperville, Gettys- 
burg, Shepardstown, Sulpliur Springs, Mine 
Run, Fortifications of Richmond, Old Church, 
Todd's Tavern, Ground Squirrel Church, Hawes' 
Shop, Cold Harbor, Trevillian Station, St. 
Mary's Church, Deep Bottom, Reams' Station, 
Wyatt's Farm, Boydton Road and Bellefield. 
More than 100 actions are recorded in which 
the regiment was m service in which 
casualties occurred. Mr. Cole went from ren- 
dezvous with the regiment and made connec- 
tion with the Army of the Potomac. He was 
in all the prominent engagements which have 
been enumerated until Wyatt's Farm and also 
in a large number of skirmishes and minor 
affairs including foraging expeditions and other 
service incident to cavalry life which cannot be 
made matter of record". At the battle of 
Brandy Station he received a saber cut across 
his hand but did not leave the command. In 
the winter of 1862 he became disabled from fa- 
tigue, exposure and hardship and went in June 
following into the brigade hospital where he 
was under treatment six weeks. In the last 
days of September, 1864, he was again in hos- 
pital from disabilities incurred in the service 



204 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



and was discharged thence at the expiration of 
his period of enlistment. 

Mr. Cole was a pupil in the puplic schools of his 
native place in boyhood and after returning from 
the war, when he was 19, he went to Portland. 
He determined to learn the trade of a machin- 
ist and went to East Boston wliere he fitted him- 
self for that business and in which he was en- 
gaged about four years. In 1869he came to 
Wisconsin and located at New London, where 
he was a citizen two years and served as Vil- 
lage Marshal. In 1871 he became a resident 
of Appleton and entered upon the duties of a 
position as clerk of the Waverly Hotel in which 
capacity he operated three and a half years. 
In 1875 he went to Kansas City, Mo., where he 
embarked in the business of a furniture dealer 
and undertaker in which he was interested 
until the autunni of 1881. At that date he 
returned to Appleton where he is similarly en- 
gaged and is doing a prosperous and popular 
business. 

He was married Feb. 13, 1873, to Eliza J. 
Keith, a native of New Bedford, Mass. Three 
children born to Mr. and Mrs. Cole are deceased. 
Etta died at the age of two years; Melvin 
died when 18 mouths old and May at the age 
eight months. Mrs. Cole is the daughter of 
Marshal D. Keith and is of English extraction. 
Albert and Sarah (Folsom) Cole, the parents of 
Mr. Cole, were natives of Maine as were their 
ancestors for many years previous. In the pa- 
rental line of de.scent, Mr. Cole is of Scotch line- 
age. He has been prominent in the Post at Aji- 
pleton and has served as Adjutant two years — 
Junior Vice Commander one term — Senior Vice 
Commander one term. 

RLAND F. WEAVER, editor and 
proprietor of the Beaver Dam Daily 
and Weekly Newspaper, and Com- 
mander of G. A. R. Post No. 117, 
(1888) was born in Cambria Township, Hills- 
dale Co., Mich., Feb. 5, 1840. Until he was of 
age he resided in his native town and was 
adopted by Samuel Orr, becoming wholly 
orphaned by the death of his mother when four 
years old, his father having been killed by the 
caving of a well when he was an infant. He 
obtained a good education in the common 
schools and, at 14 years old, took upon himself 




the responsibilities of his own future and com- 
menced work on a farm, which avocation he 
followed until he was 18, when he engaged in 
clerking and was thus occupied until he ^\ as 
20, when he went to Hillsdale College and passed 
a term in study. He happened to be in Detroit 
when the intelligence of the attack on Sumter 
reached that city and, yielding to his first im- 
pulse, he enlisted as soon as it was possible in a 
company that was raised for the 1st Michigan 
Infantry, but on mustering the quota was more 
than filled and he was thrown out. He went 
back to Hillsdale and enlisted May 16th follow- 
ing, in Company E, 4th Michigan Infantry. 
He remained in camp of rendezvous a few 
weeks and went thence dn-ect to Washington 
and Meriden Heights and afterwards assisted in 
building Fort Woodbury, named for the colonel 
of the 4th Michigan. His next move was in 
assignment to McDowell's command and he was 
in the first fight at Bull Run, camping after it 
at Miner's Hill, where the regiment passed 
nearly a year perfecting their knowledge of 
military tactics. During tliis time Mr. Weaver 
was ill five months with typhoid fever and was 
placed in the Van Valkenburg hospital. After 
joining his regiment he went to Fairfax C. H., 
back to Alexandria and on a transport to 
Acquia Creek. His regiment was called out to 
participate in the action at Fredericksburg 
known as the first action at Marye's Heights or 
the "Slaughter Pen" where he received a wound 
in the top of the head. He declined the sur- 
geon's advice to go to the hospital and was in 
the fight at Chancellorsville in May. After pass- 
ing a few days at Stoneman's Switch he went to 
the peninsular campaign under his favorite gen- 
eral, McClellan. He was in the 7-days fights 
and retreat, his regiment sufl:ering severely at 
Malvern Hill, the dead roll including the colonel. 
The brigade in which the 4th Michigan was in- 
cluded was first brought into action at Mechan- 
icsville. Later, he marched back to Maryland 
and was in the action at Chantilly, 2nd Bull 
Run, South Mountain and Antietam. At Get- 
tysburg his regiment suffered more heavily 
than in any previous action, losing Colonel J. 
B Jeffords. The command returned to Virginia 
where Mr. Weaver was taken sick with pleurisy 
and went to a hospital at Frederick City for two 
months, going thence to Convalescent Camp at 
Alexandria under orders to report to his regi- 
ment. He was seized with a relapse and went 
to the hospital at Alexandria where he remained 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



205 



until Oct. 27, 1863. There he received honor- 
able discharge and returned to Hillsdale. As 
soon as his health permitted, he went to Chicago, 
where he arrived ni May, 1864, and took ad- 
vantage of an opportunity to learn the business 
of a photographer. He established his business 
and became the proprietor of two galleries on 
East Lake street near the Tremont Hou,se, both 
of which were destroyed in the great fire, 
October 9, 1871. He had $12,500 insurance 
and, after several years, obtained $625. He lost 
everything be possessed but his "grit" and 
hands and, Oct. 10th, he came to Beaver Dam 
with his wife and two children. He passed 18 
months in the photograph business and after- 
wards resumed the same in Chicago, locating at 
337 West Madison street. After six years he 
returned to Beaver Dam and opened a gallery 
in 1879. May 1, 1887 he founded the journal 
which he is still publishing. It is independent 
in politics and is the leading paper in the county. 
Plis quarters are commodious and adapted to 
the requirements of his business with fixtures 
for extensive operations in printing. He was 
married Feb. 20, 1867 to Annie Ryan, a native 
of Ireland who was brought in infancy to 
America by her parents. Their children are 
named Rae V. 0. and Edwin L. B. They have 
an adopted daughter named Stella. Mr. Weaver 
is the son of Hiram Y. and Minerva A. (Doud) 
Weaver, tlie former a native of Niagara county. 
New York, and the son of Russell Weaver, a 
soldier of 1812. The first generations in the 
paternal line in this country are traced to four 
brothers who came hither from England. The 
mother was of New York State origin and the 
daughter of Gaylord Doud who fought in 1812. 
Mr. Weaver's father was killed at 33 years of 
age. He was a lieutenant in the Black Hawk 
war. The martial proclivity still appears in the 
generation of to-day, the two sons being mem- 
bers of the Beaver Dam Guards. Ililaud H., 
only brother of Mr. Weaver, was a Sergeant in 
the 3rd Iowa Battery, Light Artillery and was 
mustered out as Captain. Mr. Weaver served a 
term as Alderman, one as City Treasurer, one 
as Mayor of Beaver Dam and was Ciiief of the 
Fire Department two years. He is Major of the 
2nd Regiment Wisconsin National Guards and 
was, for eight years, the Captain of the Beaver 
Dam Guards, He was a charter member of his 
Post and is serving his third term as Com- 
mander. He received the appointment from 
Judge S. W. Lamereaux to the three-years term 



to distribute the soldiers relief fund raised by 
Dodge county under the law passed in the winter 
of 1886-7 and was elected by his associates, 
Chairman of ;he Committee. 

EROME J. CURTISS, a citizen of Black 
Creek, Wis., was born Dec. 28, 1844, in 
Ellisburg, -Jefferson Co., New York. He 
was still very young when his j)arents re- 
moved to Wisconsin and they settled in Ply- 
mouth, Sheboygan county, where he obtained 
his schooling in the winters, attending school 
about three months yearly. He lived the life 
of a pioneer until he enlisted in Company B, 
27th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry at Fond du 
Lac, about the middle of February, 1865. He 
was discharged in August, 1865, at Browns- 
ville, Texas, the war being closed. He pro- 
ceeded to join the command at Spanish Fort, 
having charge of a squad of 15 recruits. He 
made connection with the regiment about the 
last of March, and remained therewith until 
discliarged. He contracted a terrible cold 
through exposure to fatigue and bad weather, 
and iiiHammation of the kidneys resulted, from 
the effects of which lie has never recovered. 

He was married Feb. 21st, 1869, to Calista 
Lyman, at Plymouth, Wis. Their children are 
named John, Luther, James, Ida, Sarah, Maud, 
Jerome and Wilford. Three, named Mary, 
John and Jerome are not living. The father 
of Mr. (Jurtiss was born at Mount Washington, 
N. H. His mother was born at Schenectady, 
New York, and was of Holland Dutch origin. 
The father of Mrs. Curtiss was born in Vermont 
and her mother was a descendant of the 
Mohawk Valley Dutch. 

OSEPH WARD BURBANK, Fond du 
Lac, Wis., member of G. A. R. Post No. 
130, was born Jan. 30, 1846, in Albany, 
New York. He is the son of Robert G. 
and Mary Ann (Silver) Burbank and both 
parents \vere of Vermont .stock. His grand- 
father, Robert Burbank, was a soldier in the 
two wars of this country with Great Britain. 
When the boy was five years old he passed a 
vear with his paternal aunt, Mrs. Rosamond 
Robbins, where he listened to the war stories of 



206 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



his grandfather wliich always remained in his 
memoiy and were his inspiration to enUst in 
the Union army in the civil war. When he 
was six years old he left Albany and came to 
M'^isconsin to enter the family of his uncle, 
JosejA Ward, a Universalist minister at Hart- 
ford, Wis., and after a residence there of two 
years his uncle moved to a farm in Randolph, 
Wis., where he was brought up. He had 
limited advantages of education, attending 
school winters and working on the farm sum- 
mers. His uncle died in the fall of 1861, and 
Mr. Burbank enlisted March 2, 1862, as a musi- 
cian in Company H, 17th Wisconsin Infantry, 
at Fox Lake lor three years. He received lion- 
orable discliarge March 30, 1865, at Goldsboro, 
N. C, on account of the expiration of his enlist- 
ment. He enrolled under the name of Joseph 
B. Ward, which came about in this manner ; 
his father died when he was six years old, leav- 
ing his mother with seven children and, when 
he became an inmate of his uncle's family, his 
name was reversed as Joseph Burbank Ward. 
After his return from the army he assumed his 
rightful name. When he enlisted he was a 
little past 10 years old but gave his age as 17, 
fearing that he would not l>e enrolled. When 
he offered for enlistment he endeavored to en- 
roll in Companj' A, but as that organization 
had a drummer he was not sworn into service, 
but his anxiety to go was so great that he ac- 
companied the organization to St. Louis. Cap- 
tain Armstrong, of Company H, enlisted him in 
his company and he was then sworn into ser- 
vice. He was not very tall and when he was 
examined was obliged to stretch his body "for 
all it was wortli," to pass regulation height. 
He was with his company and regiment 
through his period of enlistment except a short 
time passed in the hospital after the battle of 
Corinth, when he was sick with typoid fever 
followed by dropsy and dumb ague with which 
he has sinee been troubled. After two weeks 
in the regimental hospital he went to Overton 
hospital at Memphis, where lie remained two 
months in care of Dr. Heard, Surgeon of his 
ward and, after his return to Benton Barracks, 
he was treated by Dr. Gilmore in Ward B, in 
the barracks liospital, where he remained about 
two months, rejoining his regiment about the 
middle of July, 1863, at Natchez. He con- 
tracted malarial disease during the investment 
of Corinth and he was a participant in the bat- 
tle at that place. After his return to his regi- 



ment he was employed in military duty and in 
August the command was supplied with horses 
and operated as mounted infantry. He was in 
a rel>el rout at Trinit)^ in Louisiana and was in 
the lively scrimmage on the Black River fol- 
lowing that action. He took part in the capture 
of Fort Beauregard and returned to Natchez and 
thence to Vicksburg to winter quarters. On 
the organization of Sherman's command for 
the Atlanta campaign, the regiment was as- 
signed to the columns of that commander and 
Mr. Burbank was in heavy skirmishing at 
Big Shanty and went thence to tight at Kene- 
saw. Bald Hill and the severe contests con- 
nected with this period of the campaign. He 
was in tlie action at Jonesboro and Lovejoy 
Station and in the early fall was engaged in 
the pursuit of General Hood. He was in the 
several varieties of service, in which the 17th 
Corps was engaged on the route through Geor- 
gia and the Carolinas and in the march to 
Goldsboro, where he was discharged as stated. 
On leaving the army he went to Albany and 
remained with liis mother until 1868, engaged 
in a planing mill. In that year he came to 
Wisconsin and passed alternate winters and 
summers for three years in the woods and in a 
planing mill. In the spring of 1871, he en- 
gaged as a sailor and was on the water dur- 
ing the fires in Cliicago and Peshtigo and on 
the night of October 8th had a lively experi- 
ence with a high wind and a heavy sea and the 
fire floating in the air. It was necessary to 
keep the sails furled and everything drencl>ed 
with water to prevent catching fire. That 
ended his career as a sailor and the following 
winter he engaged as a scaler in the woods. In 
the spring the North Ludington Company for 
which he worked, sent him to Marinette as a 
clerk in their mercantile business, in which ca- 
pacity he operated until the fall of ISSO. He 
then engaged in farming at Stephenson, and 
after a year he was interested in a sewing ma- 
chine agency until the fall of 1887, going suc- 
cessively to Marinette, Green Bay and Fond du 
Lac, where he established his residence. In 
1888, he is representing the Diamond Yeast 
Company of Fond du Lac as travelling sales- 
man. 

He was married July 2nd, 1876, to Amanda 
P. Annis of Fond du Lac. She was born in 
Catteraugus county, New York, and removed 
when a child to Fond du Lac where her parents 
resided 28 years. *Her brother, James, enlisted 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



207 




in a Wisconsin Infantry regiment, was taken 
sick w'itli typbciid fever in rendezvous at Mad- 
ison and his lifeless body was brought back to 
Fond du Lac a few weeks after liis enlistment. 
Almond Annis, another brother, enlisted in the 
51st Wisconsin Infantry and served his term 
in safety. Edward F. Burbank, brother of Mr. 
Burbank, enlisted in the 7th New York Heavy 
Artillery, going to the front as Sergeant and re- 
turning with the commission of a 1st Lieuten- 
ant. Mr. and Mrs. Burbank have four children 
named Robert G., Etta May, Bertie O. and Net- 
tie P. Mr. Burbank holds the position of Ser- 
geant Major of E. A. Brown Post at Fond du 
Lac. 

ENJAMIN L. ROE, Stevens Point, 
Wis., member of G. A. R. Post No. 
156, was born August 13, 1835, in 
Penfield, Monroe Co., New York, 
His grandfather, Benjamin Roe, was born in 
Holland ; he came to America in time to par- 
ticipate in the Revolutionary war and his 
grandson has the musket he carried in the war. 
Mr. Roe of this sketch is the son of Joseph Roe, 
who was born in Holland and was very young 
when he came to America with his parents. He 
died in Penfield when 35 years old. His wife 
Laura (Emmons) Roe was born in Connecticut 
of English lineage. She died in 1886, at Ed- 
gerton, Rock county, when 76 years old, and 
was the daughter of Louis and Anna (Griswold) 
Emmons. \Vhen Mr. Roe was 16 years old he 
left his father's farm to learn the business of a 
miller, in which he was occupied until he 
reached his majority, when became in 1857, to 
Rock county, where he remained until 1860, 
the date of his removal to Stevens Point. He 
was employed in a mill at Plover one year and 
was next in the same business at Amherst, 
where he was occupied until he entered the 
army. He enlisted at Plover August 11, 1862, 
in Company E, 32nd Wisconsin Infantry, 
and was mustered into service Sept. 25, 1862, 
by Major R. S. Smith. November 3rd the com- 
mand joined Sherman's forces at Memphis and 
was in the expedition to Oxfod to be recalled by 
the disaster at Holly Springs, and moved in 
January, 1863, to Memphis where Mr. Roe 
passed 10 months, performing provost duty, after 
which the command moved to La Grange and lie 
was in ceaseless skirmishing and marching 
through Tennessee and Mississippi on the route 
to the rear of Vicksburg, where he was assigned 



to the 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 16th Array 
Corjis and was engaged in the general destruc- 
tion during the Meridian expedition and, after 
returning to Vicksburg, went successively to 
Memphis, Cairo and Decatur, Ala., performing 
guard duty until transferred to the 3rd Brigade 
of the same command and]engaged meanwhile 
in several successful raids in that vicinity. 
August 7th Mr. Roe reached theintrenchments 
at Atlanta and was under constant fire until late 
in the month and, after the evacuation of that 
city, was in the fight at Jonesboro. After the 
hot fight of Sept. 2nd, the command took part 
in the chase of the rebels to Lovejoy's and re- 
turned to Eastport, Miss. Thence, Mr. Roe re- 
turned to Atlanta and performed guard and 
other military duty including train escort until 
the movement of Sherman's columns to the sea. 
After a skirmish at Marlowe, where they fought 
in water waist deep all day, he went to Port 
Royal Island, thence to Pocotaligo and when 
the march through the Carolinas commenced, 
was in the action at Binnaker's Bridge and 
afterward at Cheraw, Fayetteville and in the 
the last action preceding the surrender of 
Johnston at Bentonville. He was in the re- 
mainder of the march to Washington and in 
the Grand Review May 24th, camping after- 
wards at Crystal Springs where he was mustered 
out June 12, 1865. June 14th the command 
reached Milwaukee where the}' were paid and 
disbanded and Mr. Roe returned to Stevens 
Point. He has since been engaged as a miller. 
Mr. Iloe married Frances, daughter of Henry 
and Caroline (Bradley) Warriner, Dec. 21,1S05. 
The father was born in the State of New York 
and was about 62 years of age when he died at 
Plover, Wis. Her mother was a native of Con- 
necticut and died at the age of 45 at Plover, 
Wis. Mrs. Roe was born in New Haven, Conn., 
Dec. 17, 1846, and came to Wisconsin with her 
parents when about two years old. Mr. and 
Mrs. Roe have two sons. Henry was born Dec. 
8, 1867, and Emmons was born Dec. 9, 1869. 
The latter is i'n the employ of the Wisconsin 
Central railroad company at Stevens Point, and 
the former at Waukesha. 

/f^ DWARD MAHONEY, Grand Rapids, 
\^^ Wis., member of G. A. R. Post No. 22, 
was born in Canada June 25, 1847, 
and is the son of Richard and Rachel 
(Nelson) Mahoney. His father was a native of 



208 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



County Wexford, Ireland, ^nd came to St. 
Johns, Newfoundland, in 1825. He was a ship 
carpenter and his family belonged to the better 
class in his native country. The mother was 
born in the same place as the son and was the 
daughter of a man born in Maine and a soldier 
in tlie Revolution. The family of the senior 
Mahoney removed to the United States when 
the son was four years of age and settled in 
Kenosha, Wisconsin. They were there resident 
four years and removed to Grand Rapids, 
whicli has since been the home of the subject 
of this sketch. When he was 20 years old he 
became interested in the business of a machin- 
ist and engaged in the study of the practical 
branches of the trade, becoming proficient in it, 
in all its avenues. 

He was a lad of only 14 years when the civil 
war attracted the attention of public statesmen, 
private citizens and even the boys at school and 
he desired to enlist, but extreme youth pre- 
vented until Aug. 1, 1864, when he enrolled in 
Company G, 13th Wisconsin Infantry at Grand 
Rapids for three years and received honoi'able 
discharge in August, 1865, at Milwaukee, at the 
close of the war. He was then 17 years old 
and joined the command as a recruit at Alla- 
toona Pass just previous to tlie action and there 
tasted rebel powder and the emergencies of 
battle. The regiment went thence through 
Georgia to Savannah with Sherman and fought 
in the actions in and about Savannah, at 
Columbia and Bentonville and in all the minor 
actions which were in constant progress through- 
out the advance througli the States traver.sed 
by the columns under Sherman. After Alla- 
toona, in October, 1864, Mr. Mahoney was in 
every action in the course of the march of the 
15th Corps to which the command was attached 
and participated in' the Grand Review at Wash- 
ington. He served after his first battle in the 
93rd Illinois Infantry, with which the recruits 
were consolidated, the veterans of the com- 
mand being home on their .furlough, and the 
18th Wisconsin restored its organization at 
Goldsboro, where the remainder proceeded on 
transports. They returned to Louisville to be 
nrustered out. After a stay of six weeks at 
Louisville, Mr. Mahoney returned to Grand 
Rapids. 

He fitted for the business of a machinist, as 
stated, which he has since pursued. He is at 
present as.sociated in his interests with John 
Patrick and they conduct extensive relations in 



their business at Grand Rapids. Their establish- 
ment is fitted with all first-class appliances for 
the production of first-class work. Mr. Mahoney 
takes sole charge of tlie business of the machine 
shop and his partner manages the foundry. 
Tiiey make a specialty of force pumps but 
transact all other Ijranches of their relations as 
machinists as occasion requires. They formed 
their business connection in 1879. Mr. Ma- 
honey was married Feb. 1, 1875, to Derinda 
Eaton, and they have six children named Leon, 
Edward Eugene, .John J., Arthur Alanson, 
Walter Wallace and Lottie. Mrs. Mahoney was 
born at Grand Rapids and is the daughter of 
Alanson Eaton, a soldier in the war, in the 12th 
Wisconsin. She had five uncles in the service. 
John Snyder, (Lieutenant of Company G, IStli 
Wisconsin) Henry Snyder, (.same company and 
regiment) Alfred Snyder, (in a Wisconsin regi- 
ment) Stephen Snyder, (belonging to 18th) and 
still another belonging to an Illinois regiment, 
were the brothers of tlie mother of Mrs. Ma- 
honey. Her grandfather, Stephen, and her 
great uncle, ^\'illiam Snyder, were also soldiers 
in Wisconsin regiments. 

John, brother of Mr. Mahoney, was an en- 
listed man in Company G, 18th Wisconsin In- 
fantry. 



OHN A. SPENCER, of Antigo, Wis., and 
/-|l a member of Post No. 78, was born in 
^11 Manchester, Oneida Co., N. Y., Jan. 25, 
1841. His parents, Jay and Margaret 
(Austin) Spencer belonged to the same State by 
birth. He came to Wisconsin and located in 
Ellington, Outagamie county, in 1860, and 
enlisted as a soldier in Company I, 3rd Wis- 
consin Cavalry, March 14, 1862, enrolling in 
the company of Theodore Conkey, of whom a 
sketch appears on another page. Following, is 
a statement in brief of the course of Mr. Spencer's 
connection with active operations in the war. 
From Janesville, tlie place of rendezvous, he 
went to St. Louis, drilled there a month and 
proceeded to Fort Leavenwortli, Kas., was there 
armed and equipped and drilled about two 
months. He marched thence to Fort Scott, 
going soon after to Carthage and contested ter- 
ritory with bushwhackers. On one of these ex- 
peditions, his detail found themselves camped 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



209 



inside rebel picket lines and they mounted and 
cut their way out. He went next to Fort Scott 
and, during the winter, encountered extreme 
hardships, being almost constantly in the saddle 
and on duty in inclement weather. In the 
spring of I860, he went to Fort Gibson, Ark. 
Tliere the combined deviltry of rebels and 
Indians kept them lively, endeavoring to pre- 
vent ambushing and stampeding of their horses. 
He was in winter quarters at Fort Smith, Ark., 
during the next winter and performed patrol 
duty. In April, 1864, he was mustered out to 
re-enlist and received the veteran's privilege of 
a furlough of 30 days. After rejoining his 
regiment, he went to Duvall's Bluft' to guard 
supply trains and saw skirmishing and bush- 
whacking to satisfy any resonable taste in that 
direction. He passed the first part of the suc- 
ceeding winter in quarters at Little Rock, Ark., 
and was sent thence up the river as guard on 
a transport. The rebels were stationed at 
Dardanelle, and 400 Union soldiers on the boat 
were ordered ashore to draw the attention of 
the rebels while the transport passed. The 
rebels were superior in numbers but were com- 
pelled to withdraw with heavy loss, the Union 
loss being 14 killed. After this experience, 
he and a comrade were on vidette duty, when 
they were attacked by rebels who cut them off 
and Mr. Spencer was captured, his comrade 
being killed. He was taken (Jan. 13, 1865,) to 
Washington, Ark., thence to Shreveport, La., 
and from there to Tyler, Texas, being sent a 
few days later, back to Shreveport. He re- 
mained there, suffering ail that rebel ingenuity 
and diabolism could invent until exchanged 
after a captivity of five months. After ex- 
change he was sent home on sick leave and did 
not again rejoin his regiment. He received 
his discharge in September, 1865, at Madison, 
Wis. 

Until 1879 Mr. Spencer was a resident at 
Stephensville,Wis.,and was engaged in teaming. 
In the year mentioned he took up a homestead 
in Norwood, Langlade county, where he resided 
until the winter of 1884-85 when he located at 
Antigo and has operated since as a teamster, 
and also deals in ice. Dec. 7, 1867, he married 
Anna S. Garritt, the daughter of Chas. and 
Rachel (Whiteman) Garritt. The former is a 
resident of Antigo, and is eighty-two years old. 
There are four children belonging to tlie family 
circle — Jerome J., Maggie R., Marion H. and 
Louis J. Charles, George and Jerome Garritt, 




brothers of Mrs. Spencer, were enlisted men in 
Company B, 3rd Wisconsin Cavalry. 

ELSON B. CARTER, a farmer in the 
Township of Larrabee, Waupaca 
Co., Wis., and a member of G. A. R. 
Post No. 32 atClintonville, was born 
March 27, 1826, in Parsonfield, Oxford Co., 
Maine. In 1836 he went to New Hampshire 
and in 1856 came West, and located at Bear 
Creek, Wisconsin. 

He enlisted as a soldier in the war of the re- 
bellion Feb. 28, 1864, at Appleton in Company 
D, 08th Wisconsin Infantry for three years, and 
was one of the last men to enroll before the Gov- 
ernment ceased paying bounties. The muster 
commenced the month following his enlistment 
and, as enrolling ceased with the cessation of 
bounties, four companies only were ready for 
the field in May and they went forward under 
command of Lieutenant Colonel Pier. They 
were equipped at Arlington Heights where they 
drilled until June, when they were tem- 
porarily consolidated with the 1st Minnesota 
Volunteers as a battalion. A few days were 
passed as escort to supply trains to Cold Harbor, 
just after the battle there on the 3rd of June, 
and they were the first to advance in the grand 
flank movement of Grant to the rear of Rich- 
mond. They were in constant march until June 
16th, five days, when they took position in front 
of Petersburg. Mr. Carter was in tlie front lines, 
fighting continually days and laboring nights 
until July 4th, and on that day the command re- 
tired to the second lines reduced to 40 men. 
Fifteen days later he was again in action and 
aided in a repulse. Reinforced by Company E, 
the residue fit for service made the assault after 
the explosion on the 30th. Mr. Carter was in 
the actions following the attempt to destroy the 
Weldon railroad and in the final activities of 
the siege of Petersburg. He l)ecame ill and was 
finally sent to City Point hospital, Va., whence 
he went to New York City and received honor- 
able discharge May 20, 1865. 

Mr. Carter removed from Maine to New 
Hamp.shire when a boy of 10 years of age and 
in 1856 went to Michigan. Three years later 
he came West to Illinois and located in Wiscon- 
sin in 186L He was in Illinois when the war 
came on and attended the first meeting held in 



210 



SOLDIERS ALBUM OF 



the State to attend to the matter of raising 
troops. During the administration of President 
( irant he acted four years as postmaster at Clin- 
tonville, and has been Chairman of the Board 
of Supervisors of Waupaca county. He is .Jus- 
tice of the Peace (1888) and, as before the war, 
he has been occupied since as a carpenter. 

He is the son of Stephen W. and A/Aibah 
( Willoughby) Carter. He married Serena Brown 
■ and tliey have had twelve children named Try- 
phose A., Elberto S., Elfonso B., Tryphena .J., 
Elomon L., Arthur N., Anna A., Willis B., Wil- 
liam L., Harlan H., C.John A. and William H. 
The latter is deceased. Four children are mar- 
ried. 

Mr. Carter has always voted the Republican 
ticket and rejoices in the success of his party in 
the current yaar — 1888. 

BAVID LA RUE ANDERSON, Com- 
mander of G. A. R. Post Lincoln, No. 
181, at Merrill in 1888 and a busi- 
ness man of that place, was born 
April 28, 1840, in Shelby Co., Ohio. He is the 
son of Daniel H. and Elizabeth (La Rue) Ander- 
son, the former a native of Pennsylvania and a 
physician of repute; the latter was born in Vir- 
ginia. She was of French lineage and was three 
years old when taken by her parents to Ohio. 
Mr. Anderson received the advantage of a good 
education and when he was seventeen he be- 
came a student at Miami University in Oxford, 
Ohio, where he studied one year, and after that 
was engaged in teaching until the succession 
of events frona the bombardment of Fort Sum- 
ter until the second call of the President for 
troops made it apparent that the country was 
in perishing need ot men. He had taught the 
principles of patriotism too long and conscien- 
tiously not to prove the sincerity of his avowed 
sentiments, and he decided that it was his duty 
to enroll in defense of the country. Accord- 
ingly, he enlisted at Lima, Ohio, in B Com- 
pany, !)9th Ohio Volunteer Infantry for three 
years. At the formation of the company he 
was made Orderly Sergeant and he remained 
in the army until the close of the struggle, 
receiving discharge June 26, 1865, at Golds- 
boro, N. C. The 99th was mustered in, August 
2Gth, and he served under his first enlistment 
until Jan. 26, 1863, when he was commissioned 



2nd Lieutenant, having had command of 
the company for a month previous. April 
10th of the same year he received a commission 
as 1st Lieutenant and, on the 5th of June next 
following, he was commissioned Captam, and 
was discharged as such. On the 31st day of 
January 1864, the 55th and 99th Ohio regiments 
were consolidated, the former holding its orga- 
nization. Company B of the latter was consol- 
idated with F Company of the former, and 
Captain Anderson was assigned to B Company 
of the united organizations, in which capac- 
ity he served until finally mustered out. 
August 1st, 1863, all Ohio regiments were 
ordered to send three commissioned and six 
enlisted men to that State to take charge of the 
conscripted soldiers. Captains Anderson, 
Hawkey and Holmes, with six men were sent 
from the 99th, then at McMinnville, Tenn. 
The draft was declared off for a time and the 
detail referred to placed on recruiting service. 
Captain Anderson was in Ohio until after the 
October election, when John Brough was 
elected Governor by an overwhelming majority. 
The sending of soldiers to the State was un- 
doubtedly caused by the candidacy of Clement 
L. Vallandigham as cojiperhead nominee. 
Captain Anderson was stationed in one of the 
strongest copperhead districts in Ohio. In 
November, he reported to the State Superinten- 
dent at Columbus and afterwards to the Assist- 
ent, P. T. Swaim, now of the regular army. 
They were held 10 days and rejoined their 
command at Shell Mound, Tenn., their recruits 
joining their respective regiments previously. 
The 99th Ohio was first assigned to tbe Corps 
of Tom Crittenden (21st), and afterwards to the 
4tb, General Gordon Granger. Later, General 
0. 0. Howard succeeded to the command of 
the 4th. Crittenden's Corps at first belonged 
to the Army of the Ohio and fought at Perry- 
ville, then to the Army of the Cumberland, 
fighting at Stone River and Chickamauga. 
June 22, 1864, the regiment was transfer- 
red to the command of General Schofield, 
commanding the Army of the Ohio, and 
went to participate in the siege of Atlanta, 
whence they started back to Nashville. The 
brigade to which Captain Anderson belonged 
was sent after Forrest after the surrender 
of Atlanta and were guarding a ford of the 
Big Harpeth. The Union forces had fallen 
back to Nashville after the action at Franklin, 
and the brigade of Captain Anderson was in 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



211 



great danger of being cut off, as they found 
from information of the figlit at Franklin ob- 
tained from captured rebels. They started to 
return to Nashville and suddenly found them- 
selves in close i)roximity to a large rebel force 
four miles from the Big Harpeth, but retreated 
without discovery ami reached Nashville in 
time to take part in that fight. They followed 
Hood to the Tennessee and there took trans- 
ports to Cincinnati, proceeding thence to Wash- 
ington. After a delay of two weeks, the com- 
mand went to Alexandria and sailed on trans- 
ports to the mouth of the Cape Fear River, 
thence to Wilmington, N. C, to Kingston and 
to Goldsboro to connect with the army of Gen- 
eral Sherman, and remained there until mus- 
tered out. At the date of tlie surrender of Lee, 
they were at Raleigh, whence they went to 
Salisbury until summoned to be discharged. 

After the war, Captain Anderson returned to 
Ohio and in 1867 went to Big Rapids, Mich. 
In 1869 he went to Kiceville, Iowa, remaining 
there until the fall of 1870 when he came to 
" Jenny ", now Merrill. He first engaged in 
the lumbering business there and is now a 
farmer. April 4, 1876, he was married to 
Sarah Acutt. She is German by descent and 
was born in New Bethlehem, Pa. Mr. Ander- 
son has served as Alderman of Merrill three 
years. 



MOS A. CLAFLIN, a resident of Green 
Bay and a member of G. A. R. Post 
No'. 124, was born Nov. 6, 1831, in 
Loraine, Jefferson Co., New York and 
is the son of Winslow and Amy (Purdy) Claflin. 
The father was born in the State of New York 
and traced his ancestry to the earliest period of 
the country. His grandfather, Amos Claflin, 
was a soldier in 1812, and the paternal grand- 
father of his mother was General Brown of 
Revolutionary fame. His mother was born in 
Brandon, Vt., where her forbears had long re- 
sided. When the son was in infancy, his par- 
ents removed to Ellisburg, Jefferson county and 
remained there until he was 16, when he went 
to Albion in Oswego county and was employed 
in lumbering with his father several years. 
He was next in a grocery at Oswego and worked 
afterwards on the Erie canal where he con- 
tinued until 1858, when he returned to Albion 




and again engaged in lumbering. He enlisted 
Aug. 6, 1862, in Company B, UOth New York 
Infantry at Albion for three years, and received 
honorable discharge Aug. ^, 1865, at Albany. 
(Special Order No. 16.) The regiment rendez- 
voused at Oswego, going thence to Baltimore 
and, two months later, was ordered to Fortress 
Monroe, pending the formation of the com- 
mand of Banks preparatory to going to New 
Orleans. The route was made via Ship Island 
on transports and three months were passed in 
the city under the command of Butler. (Old 
Spoons.) Mr Claflin was in the feint move- 
ment to the rear of Port Hudson to enable Far- 
ragut to run his fleet up the river and he re- 
turned with the command to New Orleans, go- 
ing next to Brazos City. There he was in a 
vigorous action with the rebels extending over 
two days and nights, resulting in a rout 
and chase to Opelousas, the bulk of the rebels 
going to Alexandria, and the Union soldiers 
following. A detail from the 110th was sent 
into the country after cotton and captured a 
considerable quantity. A large troop of con- 
trabands was collected Ijy the command, who 
were conducted to Brazos City and, during the 
march, the attacks of guerrillas on every side 
were unremitting. The contral>ands were left 
in camp and the 110th went to participate in 
the siege of Port Hudson. While the detach- 
ment was gathering cotton and sugar, the re- 
mainder of the regiment was brigaded with 
H. E. Paine, formerly colonel of the 4th Wis- 
consin and, on the return from Opelousas, 
Company B was assigned to the same com- 
mand, and participated in the fighting in the 
rear of Port Hudson. Mr. Claflin was there 
detailed to join the 1st U. S. Battery and con- 
tinued in that coiniection until the surrender 
of Port Hudson where the regiment was re- 
united and marched back to Baton Rouge. 
Soon after, they received marching orders and 
the regiment went to New Orleans, leaving 
Mr. Claflin in the hospital sick with malarial 
fever. In three weeks, he reported for duty to 
Colonel Smith, who told him he could not be 
sent to his regiment. He was sent to the old 
U. S. Barracks at New Orleans to await assign- 
ment. As soon as communications were again 
established they were sent by way of Brazos 
City to Franklin and went into winter quarters. 
In March, 1864, the 110th New York was or- 
dered to report to New Orleans, whence they 
went on transports to Port Jefferson, Fla., and 



212 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



remained at the Dry Tortugas until the end of 
the war. They were in a decimated condition 
from malarial disease and that was considered 
a good place to recruit. They guarded 1,400 
prisoners until August, 1805, when they went 
to Albany. Company K was sent to Key West 
and the colonel of the 110th, Charles Hamilton, 
commanded the Department of Florida. Two 
of the brothers of Mr. Claflin were in the ser- 
vice. Melvin D. was in the New York cavalry, 
enlisting in 1861 in a one-j^ear command and 
re-enlisting for three years in the Black Horse 
Cavalry. Danforth enlisted in the 110th and 
died in New Orleans of typhoid fever in Feb- 
ruary, 1863. 

Mr. Claflin went in the spring of 1866 to 
Milwaukee and from there to Milford, Jeffer- 
son county, where he engaged in the service of 
the firm of N. S. Green & Son with whom he 
remained 17 years, from 1866 to 1883. During 
six years he managed a saw-mill and then was 
transferred to the cooper department. In No- 
vember, 1883, he went to Green Bay and en- 
tered the employ of D. W. Britton with whom 
he still remains. He was married Nov. 2, 1857, 
to Sarah F. Widerick and their surviving chil- 
dren are named Gianella I)., M. Etta, Fred C. 
and Burt A. Chester D. died before he was 
thirteen, Mortimer died at six months, Willie 
di«d at four, Mabel at three months and an- 
other child died in extreme infancy. Mrs. 
Claflin was born in Rome, Oneida Co., New 
York. Her grandfather, James Widerick, was 
in the war of 1812. George Widerick, his 
grandfather's brother, was a general in the 
Revolution. She is descended from a family 
named Moore, of prominence in Connecticut. 
Clark Widerick was a soldier in the 146th New 
York Infantry and died at Aequia Creek, Va. 
Aaron was in a New York regiment. M. Smith 
was also in the 146th and died at Aequia Creek 
on the same day. These were brothers of Mrs. 
Claflin. 



OBERT W. MARS of Marinette, Wis., 
was born May 2, 1838, in Whitehall, 
New York. He is the son of Thomas 
and .Jane Mars and his parents were 
born respectively in Scotland and America. 
The son was educated in the common schools 
and, prior to the war, was employed as a ma- 




chinist and engineer. He entered the navy as 
a sailor in 1857 and enlisted April 28, 1861 at 
Boston in the United States navy for three years 
or during the war. He received honorable dis- 
charge Feb. 18, 1866 at Chicago. At the date 
of his enlistment he was assigned to the receiv- 
ing ship, Ohio, at Charlestown navy yard 
(Boston) and about the middle of May was 
drawn for service on the steam-frigate "Missis- 
sippi," her complement being 350 men. The 
vessel went under orders to Pen.sacola, Fla., to 
connect with the West Gulf Blockading Squad- 
ron under Commodore Thatcher, and Mr. Mars 
was first in action at the bombardment of Fort 
Barrancas, Fla. Afterwards, some time was 
past in blockading Pensacola and the vessel went 
to the same service in front of Mobile where the 
winter was spent, with an occasional chase after 
blockade runners. Under orders, the "Missis- 
sippi" proceeded to the South West Pass and 
Farragut assumed entire command of the West 
Gulf Squadron consisting of 48 war vessels, 
After the capture of Forts Phillips and Jackson 
the fleet proceeded up the Mississippi River to 
English Bend where General Jackson fought 
his last battle with the English in 1815. A rebel 
battery had been placed there for obvious 
purposes. A few shots sent the terrified rebels 
into the woods and the fleet sailed on to New 
Orleans and dropped anchor in the places as- 
signed to each by the admiral. All hands were 
piped to quarters for action and awaited orders. 
The line of vessels covered the entire front of the 
city and the levees were crowded with people who 
hurled every vile epithet at the Union men. 
Twenty-four hours later, the "Mississippi" went 
back to the forts to watch the rebel ram, Ten- 
nessee, reported as lying under protection of 
the forts and not destroyed, which was false. 
The "Mississippi" was ordered up the River to 
Baton Rouge to prevent the erection of a rebel 
battery there. After ascertaining that there 
were no rebels there, she went up the river to 
Port Hudson, shelling the bluffs in every place 
where enemies were suspected and, finally, re- 
turned to New Orleans where the frigate laid at 
anchor for several months. (The "Mississippi" 
was burned March 14, 1864, at Port Hudson to 
prevent her falling into rebel hands.) Sept. 4, 
1862, Mr. Mars was detached from the "Missis- 
sippi" and ordered to report on board the U. S. 
prize steamer "Calhoun" as engineer, under T. 
McKean Buchanan. The vessel was constantly 
in motion, moving up and down the river, Lake 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



213 



Ponchartrain and the Gulf near Mobile until 
the winter of 1863-64 when a fleet was organ- 
ized to whit'h the "Calhoun" was assigned. 
The vessels made their way through Berwick 
Bay to capture the New Orleans & Opelousas 
railroad, running from Algiers to that point. 
Another object was the driving the rebels from 
that part of Louisiana in order to promote the 
success of the contemplated Red River expedi- 
tion under General Banks. 

The rebels destroyed a large amount of cotton 
and sugar to prevent them being taken and the 
little rebel vessels run like mice. They took pos- 
session of Berwick Bay and 80 miles of railroad to 
New Orleans which proved of great value during 
the remainder of the war. After the capture of 
Brashear City, the vessels of the fleet were busied 
several months running up the Atcliafalaya 
River and Grand Lake, reconnoitering and 
watching the rebels, who were trying to cut off 
their communication with New Orleans. The 
"Calhoun" was occupied especially in attending 
to the case of the rebel steamer Cotton, which 
made presumptuous claims to the passage of the 
Atcliafalaya and the country of upper Louisi- 
ana. They had several sharp contests and Com- 
mander Buchanan was killed. In March, 1864, 
Mr. Mars was ordered to report on board the U. 
S. steamer "Diana" as engineer in charge. Late 
in the month a rumor prevailed that the rebels 
were planning to cut off communications with 
the fleet and General Weitzel detailed Lieuten- 
ant Allen to select a light-draught gunboat to 
reconnoiter. The Diana was selected and, after 
searching the locality designated without suc- 
cess, steamed back to the Bayou Teche and 
thence to the mouth of the Atchafalaya. They 
found that they had plenty of business on hand 
as they were trapped into this position . As they 
approached Pattersonville, the "Cotton" opened 
Are and they leturned the compliment in as 
good shape as they could. While thus engaged, 
a cloud of dust lietrayed the arrival of a land 
force and the batteries were placed in position 
and through two hours they were shelled and 
fired on by sharp shoott'rs. The steamer be- 
came unmanageable, and they were soon hard 
aground with no prospect of getting off or of 
saving the vessel, the officers being killed or 
mortally wounded, including Lieutenant Allen. 
Harry Weston, the only line officer left, con- 
sulted Mr. Mars as to the best course to pursue, 
and it was determined to surrender. Mr. Mars 
took a sheet and pillow case from his bed, and 



gave one toWatson and they waved them as flags 
of truce amid u storm of bullets. This was the 
first action in which the rebels there had been 
in battle and they were completely unmanage- 
able as is charitably supposed. After the firing- 
ceased the rebels came on board in dug-outs or 
" sugar coolers " and treated their captives with 
great rudeness, for which the otHcers afterwards 
apologized. About 120 men and officers were 
taken and marched 12 miles to Camp Bis- 
land, which they reached at midnight. About 
10 o'clock in the morning an officer came for 
Messrs. Mars and Watson and conducted them to 
his tent where he gave them a confederate 
breakfast, consisting of corn bread, rye coffee 
and bacon. The privates were soon after pa- 
roled and conducted to the Union lines, but 
the seven officers named were marched under 
guard to a place in Texas and, a week later, 
the approach of the Union forces necessitated 
their removal and they gave parole which 
held them until they arrived at Alexandria, 
La. They were placed in a mule wagon and 
driven in the custody of one man to Alexan- 
dria. They were held in jail 10 days, their 
food consisting of corn pone, bacon and a pail 
of water. Finley Anderson, correspondent of 
the Neiv York Herald, who was captured on 
the Queen of the West, was confined in a 
cell of the jail and he was placed with 
them. (The gunboat Diana was afterwards 
destroyed and the Cotton also by Union troops.) 
The Union forces again approaching, Mr. 
Mars and his companions were again placed 
under parole of honor and put aboard the 
steamer Annie Perrett and taken to Shreve- 
port. La., and held for two weeks. A remon- 
strance was drawn up and sent to General 
Kirby Smith, commanding the rebel forces, 
complaining of being treated as felons, rather 
than prisoners of war. Soon after, they were 
removed to an old warehouse and held about 
three weeks. (Mr. Mars here pays a warm 
tribute of thanks to a rebel lady and her two 
daughters who smuggled to them food and 
other things to alleviate their sufferings, and, 
although he has forgotton their names he re- 
calls their memories with blessings and grati- 
tude.) Their numbers were greatly increased 
by captured men from Grant's reconnoitering 
forces until the room held 72 and removal be- 
came a necessity. One night about two o'clock 
they were roused to make a move and were 
marched to the middle of the street to find 



214 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



themselves hedged by two rows of cavalrymen. 
They stood there for two hours when they 
started for a tramp to Tyler, Texas,'_to be con- 
fined in the United States Court House. The 
cruelties were of the class that characterised 
the South in the treatment of prisoners of war 
and the consequence to the sufferers were 
the same. Three weeks later they went 
to Camp Ford and Mr. Mars was carried 
to the wagon in which he was removed. 
The stockade was in a forest and the ]>risoners 
built themselves log huts inside. They cut the 
wood with which kept themselves warm and 
sup[)Hed the warmth they lacked through in- 
sufficient clothing. Their numbers increased 
and when Banks went up through the Red 
River country, 4,000 men were soon within the 
stockade and it was increased to an enclosure 
of 80 acres. (During the winter. Col. C. C. 
Nott of the 176tli New York, and others, con- 
ceived a scheme of escape. Their shanty was 
about 20 feet from the stockade line and they 
planned to tunnel under it and to the vicinity 
of a large tree 50 feet distant where they pro- 
posed to break ground and emerge. But 
the accession of so many prisoners and the 
consequent enlargement when they were 
all in readiness to escape to freedom, de- 
stroyed their chances.) Afterwards IG men, 
including Mr. Mars, devised a plan to es- 
cape through the stockade, a part of which was 
to be removed. Meaiiwhile others were to cre- 
ate a music of which the rebels were very fond 
and to which they always listened. According 
to jirogramme, the 16 marched out and divided 
into squads of three and five and scattered in 
all directions, hoping to be able to reach the 
Union lines, several hundred miles distant. 
The men forgot to replace the post, and when 
the guard returned from the concert the gap in 
the stockade was discovered. The alarm was 
at once given and three packs of hounds were 
let loose, followed by rebels armed and equipped 
for their capture. The hounds discovered the 
camp of hiding' 22 miles from the stockade, and 
one of them sprang at the throat of Lieutenant 
O. H. Hibbard ; as his comrades were preparing 
to defend him with clubs, five rebel revolvers 
covered them. Finally the dogs were called 
off and the men marched back to camp, all 
being captured with the exception of two. 
About the first of July, an exchange of about 
1,000 prisoners was to take place, and the com- 
mand of General Teake which had been held 



the longest were detailed for release. But no 
provisions had been made to include naval 
officers. One of the command of Teake died 
the night before the list was to be made np and 
Mr. Mars disguised himself so that his own 
mess-mate did not know him and answered to 
the name of " Chris. Bobenger " and marched 
out. Mr. Mars refers to his mental condition 
under the inspection of the rebel officers and 
his relief when the order to march was given. 
They went 200 miles to the mouth of the Red 
River where they again greeted the Union P^lag, 
after 16 montiis in rebel prisons. Hats went 
up and ciieers rent the air under the inspiration 
of the Stars and Stripes. They were exchanged 
man for man on the river banks and as Mr. 
Mars passed a six-foot Texan with red hair and 
slouched hat, they exchanged glances as free 
men. As he passed into the Union lines, 
swinging his old slouched hat, a confederate 
officer galloped forward stating that Engineer 
Mars had escaped and was among the prisoners, 
but too late, for Mars was under the protection 
of the United States. 

The same evening the "1,000" were sent to 
New Orleans, and Mr. Mars reported at once on 
arrival to Commodore Palmer and, on relating 
experiences received leave of absence and passed 
six weeks at the North. He returned to naval 
headquarters and was assigned to the U. S. 
steamer Elk, commanded by Nicholas Kirby. 
After the taking of Fort Morgan, Aug. 23, 1864, 
the Elk performed the duties of a cruiser until 
April, 1865, when orders were received to assist 
in the assault on Spanish Fort and the fortifica- 
tions of Mobile and, after the capitulation of 
those points, the Elk was detailed to convoy 
transports up the Alabama to Montgomery. 
Later, he was detached from the Elk and 
assigned to the U. S. prize steamer. Black Dia- 
mond, commanded by F. B. Jarchke and was 
made 2nd Assistant Engineer. Mr. Mars was 
also assigned to superintend the repairs of the 
machinery of the prize steamer Morgan, captured 
in the spring of 1865. Near Selma he was 
attacked with fever and ague and returned to 
Mobile for examination by the fleet surgeon and 
received orders to the hospital at Pensacola. 
At this time the war was virtually over, Lee and 
•Johnston having surrendered. Mr. Mars retains 
a vivid remembrance of the excitement, rage 
and sorrow in the fleet on the reception of the 
news of the assassination of the President. At 
Pensacola he was examined by a^board of naval 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



215 



surgeons who sent him to the naval hospital at 
Brooklyn, N. Y., where he was carefully 
attended and recuperated rapidly. He was 
granted three months leave of absence with 
orders to report afterward for duty to the Secre- 
tary of the Navy at Washington and at tlie same 
time he applied for discharge, wliicli he re- 
ceived Feb. 18, 186G, with the tlianks of the 
Department, signed by Gideon Wells, Secretary 
of the Navy. Air. Mars retains all the various 
documents lie lias received bearing dates of his 
promotions and atfording a collection which 
will be exhibited by his descendants in future 
years with just pride. Mr. Mars engaged after 
the war as a steamboat and stationary engineer, 
and was in the employ of Munger & Wheeler at 
Chicago 12 years. In 187i» he entered the em- 
ploy of the Marinette Iron Works Company, 
assuming charge of the Chicago branch of their 
business, located at No. 164, now 212 Lake 
street. In 1882 he assumed charge of the Iron 
Works at Florence, Wis., as Superintendent, 
until the works were destroyed by fire in 1885. 
He is now (1888) employed by the Marinette 
Iron Works as traveling salesman, making con- 
tracts for mining machinery built by the firm. 
Mr. Mars was united in marriage with Fannie 
J. Blinkinsop, Dec. 12, 1866. She is a daughter 
of Thomas and Nancy Blinkinsop. William 
P., oldest child, was born in Chicago and is in 
the employ of the firm referred to in the cap- 
acity of clerk. Bessie G. and Fannie M. com- 
plete the trio of survivnig children. Mabel L. 
died when 23 months old. During his early 
experience as a sailor, Mr. Mars obtained pos- 
session of a U. S. flag, receiving it as a gift from 
the quartermaster of the sloop of war, Vandalia, 
on her return from Europe, in 1858, on which he 
was a .sailor. It has been all over the world and 
was used also in the civil war. Mr. Mars is one 
of the respected citizens of Marinette. He is a 
man of culture and refinement, and enjoys the 
comforts and luxuries of a lovely home and 
household. 

LMA CARPENTER, of Westfield, Wis., 
^ and a member of G. A. R. Post No. 
65, was born Oct. 15, 188-1, in A'illa- 
nova, Cliautauque Co., New York, 
and he is the son of William and Nancy (Dodge) 
Carpenter. His parents were of Eastern stock 
and descended from families who were con- 




nected with the earliest historj'^ of the settle- 
ment of America. In 1843 Mr. Carpenter came 
West to Illinois and in 1846 removed to Wis- 
consin, locating in Walworth county and re- 
moved thence to Marquette county in 1851. He 
grew to manhood in the Badger State and all 
his interests have been identified witli those of 
Wisconsin as a farmer and soldier. He enlisted 
Aug. 15, 1862, in Company A, 1st Wisconsin 
Heavy Artillery at Westfield for three years. 
He served until the close of the war and re- 
ceived honoral)le discharge at Milwaukee, July 
14, 1865, with the command. The l)aUery was 
the nucleus of the artillery regiment known 
afterwards as the 1st Wisconsin Heavy Artillery 
and was in existence from the summer of 1861, 
at which time Mr. Carpenter became one of the 
command and he was instructed in all the vari- 
eties of soldierly drill which belong to artillery 
service proper and also infantry and camp drill 
and tactics, as artillerymen are alwaj^s liable to 
be called on to serve asinfantiy and must, also, 
perform much heavy labor not a necessity in 
other branches of the service. Mr. Carpenter 
became a good carpenter in business as in name 
as tliere was always a body of the men at work 
on fortifications and buildings in other direc- 
tions, as many of the members of the battery 
during their long stay at Washington built for 
themselves little cottages. (See sketch of Henry 
Van Valkenljurg.) Three kinds of military 
drill — heavy and light artillery practice and in- 
fantry — involved a large amount of labor and 
the artillerymen of Battery Rogers, where they 
were chiefly stationed, had little time for recrea- 
tion. The battery remained in the defenses of 
Wasliington throughout the period of enroll- 
ment, in readiness for active service when the 
Capital was endangered by rebel invasion. In 
December, 1864, Mr. ( 'arpenter was taken sick 
with lung and kidney disease and was .sent to 
Woodbury hospital where he was in sick quar- 
ters until March, 1865. His brother, Walter D. 
Carpenter, was also a soldier during the war of 
the reljellion. Mr. Carpenter was discharged 
July 14, 1865. 

He returned to his farming in Marquette 
county and has been principally engaged in 
that business since. He is now the owner of 
two houses and five building lots in Westfield. 

He was married Dec. 28, 1859,, to Mary Jane 
Martin. Their children are named Sarah Jane, 
Mary Arenna, Walter M., Mary ^'irginia and 
Flora Malvina. The two elder daughters are 



216 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



twins and the first named is married. Mr. Car- 
penter has served in the town of Springfield in 
the several capacities of school ofticer. He is a 
respected and upright citizen. 

M^ OSES B. TUCKER, Waupun, Wis., 
^A-^i?^ and a memlier of G. A. R. Post 
-.<•) 1 i'W ^^ J 14^ ^.,g i^Qj.,^ Yeh. 25, 1840, 

in Huntsl)urg, Geauga Co., Ohio. 
He is the son of William and Sarah Ann 
(Hinkley) Tucker and his father was born in 
the State of New York. The mother was a na- 
tive of Ohio and both are still living in White- 
hall, Trerapeleau Co., Wis. The father was a 
mason l)y avocation. The son lived at home 
and, after his boyhood and youth were passed, 
he was a laljorer until the date of the Civil 
War. He was among the first in Wisconsin to 
heed his country's call for help in her hour of 
trial and enlLsted April 23, 1861, in Company 

1, 4th Wisconsin Infantry for three months at 
Sparta, Monroe Co., Wis. He went to Racine 
where the organization of the regiment took 
place and was mustered into U. S. service Jul}' 

2, 18G1. He was with the regiment in its ex- 
citing experiences while en route to the front 
and after arrival at Baltimore was in camp 
until July, when he was taken ill with malarial 
fever and sent to hospital at Relay House 
where he passed three months. Meanwhile, 
the regiment had gone to Eastern A^irginia 
and he went next to the convalescent hospital 
at Baltimore and rejoined his regiment in De- 
cemlier. He went in Fel)ruary to Fortress 
Moni'oe, preparatory to going with Butler to 
Ship Island, whither he sailed with all the 
discomfort and suttering which made that trip 
conspicuous. He was in the movements of the 
regiment at the taking of Forts Jackson and 
St. Phillips and was one of the first to enter the 
citj' of New Orleans on its surrender. He was 
with his company in the occupation of Baton 
Rouge and went afterwards to the first attack 
on Vick.sburg. On the return he assisted in 
the burning of Grand Gulf. He was in the 
second attack on Vicksljurg and participated in 
the battle of Baton Rouge. In April he went 
to Berwick in the Teche expedition and fought 
at Bisland. In the chase after the Texas cav- 
alry he was among the mounted men of the 
regiment and was afterwards in the scouting 



expedition in which the rear of Dick Taylor's 
command was captured. On reaching Port 
Hudson the command again became infantry 
and in May took part in the assault on Port 
Hudson. The experience was a sharj) one but 
unsuccessful; in June another attempt to reduce 
the place occurred and Mr. Tucker remained 
with the command afterwards in that vicinity 
until the surrender, after Vicksburg was taken. 
The "4th" was converted into cavalry in Au- 
gust following, and in September was fully 
equipped as such and Mr. Tucker was in all 
the service performed by the command until 
his discharge at New Orleans, July 9, 1 864. He 
was in the scouting which was conducted by 
the brave Lieutenant Earl and the details of 
much of that specie of service may be found in 
connection with the sketches of many of the 
command who are represented in this volume. 

After his discharge Mr. Tucker was detained 
two weeks in New Orleans whence he came to 
Sheboygan where his parents lived. He was 
almost wholly disabled from illness contracted 
in service and was for a long time unable to 
perform any labor. He remained in business 
with his father until April, 1881, when he re- 
moved to Waupun to take a position as guard 
on the wall of the prison. Soon after, he was 
transferred to the position of night guard and, 
in May, 1882, was again transferred to assist in 
the management of the works! lop where iie is 
at present (1888) officiating. The position is 
one which requires vigilance and observation 
of an unremitting nature. He was married 
Nov. 5, 1867, to Anna M. Rowe of Sheboygan 
county. Her parents removed to Wisconsin 
from Philadelphia. The children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Tucker are Halbert E., Laura E. and Mat- 
tie A. 

Four brothers of Mr. Tucker were soldiers in 
the Civil War. Charles P. enlisted in Com- 
pany I, 1st Wisconsin Infantry and was cap- 
tured at Chickamuga ; he was taken to Ander- 
sonville where he starved and suffered until his 
death 10 months after his incarceration. Wil- 
liam Henry enlisted in Company H, in the 
same regiment and died of fever at Louisville, 
Ky. Alonzo T. enlisted in Company K, 35th 
Wisconsin Infantry and now lives at White- 
hall, Wis. Edward T., who was a soldier in 
Company B, 8th AVisconsin, resides in Sheboy- 
gan. His two brothers, Austin H. and Daniel, 
live respectively in Clarke county and Enu 
Claire counties in Wisconsin. His only sister, 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



217 




Rheuamy is the widow of Otis J. Allen, who 
was a soldier in a Vermont regiment. Mr. 
Tucker is a Republican in political connection 
and is a man possessed of just the traits, phys- 
ical and mental, necessary to his responsible 
position — steady nerves and cool, reliant judg- 
ment. 

HARLES HOWARD LINDSLEY, 
I'esident at Waupun, Wis., Past Com- 
mander of Post Hans C. Heg, No. 
114, was born Aug. 6, 1S39 in Lyme, 
Jefferson Co., New York. He is the son of 
Elijah and Maria (Webster) Lindsley, both of 
whom were born in Connecticut and belonged 
to the a,gricultural class. In 1835 they re- 
moved to the State of New York where they 
engaged in farming and came to Wisconsin in 
1848, locating at Waupun The father tliere 
pursued the same vocation and died at the 
age of 82 years in 1874. Tlie mother died 
in New York in 1848, aged about 5U years. 
Mr. Lindsley of this sketch passed his early 
days at home, attending the district schools 
and working on the farm. He was variously 
engaged until the date of the Civil War when 
he determined to enter the army and he 
enlisted May 5, 1801, in Company D. 3rd 
Wisconsin Infantry for three years at Wau- 
pun. He went into rendezvous at Fond du 
Lac and was with the regiment in its subse- 
quent movements to Hagerstown, Md., and 
to Harper's Ferry and to Frederick City where 
he engaged in subduing the bogus legislature 
and aided in holding the State in the Union 
until the spring of 1862. He was in the move- 
ments with Banks in the retreat after Winches- 
ter and was in his first considerable battle at 
Cedar Mountain. He fought in the action there 
until wounded. He was hit in his ankle and 
another ball struck his head, removing a piece 
of the scalp. He was sent to Culpepper to have 
his wounds dre.ssed and was with his com- 
mand withni 24 hours. In the tight at Antie- 
tam, Sept.. 17th, a bullet struck the buckle of 
his belt and lodged in his body, his life being 
saved by the obstructing U. S. buckle. He was 
excused from duty for four weeks but did not 
leave his regiment. In the spring he was able 
to enter active service and fought at Chancel- 
lorsville, Beverly Ford and Gettysburg. He 
went with the command to New York to as- 



sist in quelling the draft riot and afterwards 
remained at various points in the eastern part 
of the State until September when the regi- 
ment became again connected with military 
service at the front, rejoining the command of 
the Potomac. The " 3d " was transferred to 
the Army of the Cumberland and went to 
Tennessee and Alabama, where re-enlisting as 
veterans commenced and, in December 1863, 
Mr. Lindsley returned to Wisconsin and opened 
a recruiting othce at Waujiun where he en- 
listed 64 men for his command. In April fol- 
lowing, he rejoined his regiment at Kingston, 
Ga., and was first in action afterwards atRe.saca. 
He fought in the actions at Dallas and near 
Marietta, and was mustered out .July 16, 1864, 
liis period of service having expired. During 
his term he was promoted in May, 18(52, to 
( brporal, and to Duty Sergeant in December of 
the same year. He was made Orderly Sergeant 
in April, 1863 and received a commission as 
2nd Lieutenant in July, 1864. 

After leaving the war, Mr. Lindsley returned 
to AVaupun, where he was occupied in manag- 
ing his father's farm for a time and in 1866 
engaged in the sale of groceries in which he 
was inti'rested .six years. In 1871 he went to 
Iowa and engagi^d there in farming and mer- 
cantiU' life until 1874, when he returned to 
Waupun and again became interested in the 
business of a grocer in wJiich he continued 
until 1883 when he entered upon tlie duties of 
keeper at the State prison at Wauj)un ;ind has 
also Ijeen connected with the workshop. He 
has acted in the capacity of turnkey since 1884. 
He was married Feb. 22, 1865, to Augusta 
Amadou, who is a native of the State of New 
York. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Lindsley 
are named Edward A., Lucius Archie and Clara 
Louisa. One child died in infancy. Mr. 
Lindslt'y had four brothers. Daniel H. was in 
the New Y(jrk Heavy Artillery and is a resi- 
dent of Jefferson Co., New York. Miles enlisted 
in the 42nd Wisconsin Infantry and is a citizen 
of Jackson Co., Minn. George was a soldier in 
the 32nd A\'isconsin Infantry, Company A; he 
lives at Neillsville, Clark Co., Wis. Another, 
Clark Lindsley, is a resident of Hartford, Conn., 
and Ids youngest son was in the 20th Connecti- 
cut and was killed while on picket duty in ser- 
vice, showing conspicuous bravery. A sister 
lives in Arlington, Dak. 

Mr. Lindsley is a staunch Republican and 
has always honored the representatives of his 



218 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



party. He is Captain of Company L, 2nd regi- 
ment Wisconsin National Guard and is promin- 
ent in connection with the Post. He is a 
citizen whose relations to the community are 
such as to secure recognition of his honorable 
character and public spirit. In April, 1887, he 
was elected Mayor of Waupun and filled that 
office one year. 

WLBERT ROLFE, Ripon, Wis., a mem- 
/AS\1 . |-,gj. of Q ^ ^ pogt j^Q_ 199^ ^j^g ^joj,^ 



Jan. 3, 1824, in Boscawen, Merrimac 
Co., N. H., and is the son of Amos 
and Fannie (Burbank) Rolfe. His father was 
a native of the same town and died in 1840 at 
the age of 50 years. His mother was born in 
Northumberland, N. H., and died at Boscawen 
in 1865 aged 70 years. She was the daughter 
of a Revolutionary soldier. Mr. Rolfe was 
reared in his native State and acquired a 
knowledge of shoemaking. He came to Wis- 
consin and settled at Ripon where he worked 
at gardening and farming until he became a 
soldier. In May, 1864, he enlisted in Company 
B, 41st Wisconsin Infantry for 100 days at 
Ripon. He joined his regiment at Milwaukee 
and went to Memphis, Tenn., where he per- 
formed duty as guard and was in the exciting 
affair with Forrest when that celebrated and 
slippery individual made his midnight assault 
on the sleeping camps of the Wisconsin and 
Illinois soldiers placed there to guard the 
citizens and to maintain the triumph of the 
veteran soldiers, and on that occasion was in 
arms from three in the morning until ten 
o'clock. He contracted chronic diarrhea but 
remained in camp rather than go through a 
hospital experience. He reached his home in 
a dilapidated state and his condition was so re- 
duced that the home physicians pronounced 
his case hopeless. He treated his disease him- 
self and recovered and has never applied to the 
Government for a pension. He received his 
discharge at Milwaukee in October, 1865, and 
returned to Ripon, where he has since been 
occupied in shoemaking. He was married 
Oct. 19, 1852, to Mary S. Alexander, who was 
born in Northfield, Vermont. Her brother, 
Daniel S. Alexander, was a soldier in the 3rd 
New Hampshire Infantry and was wounded in 
the battle of Drury's Blutf, being shot through 



both his eyes and dying in three days. Angic, 
only cliild of Mr. and Mrs. Rolfe, married 
Ward V. Smith ; she lives with her parents 
and has a son named Harry and an infant 
daughter. Mr. Rolfe is a citizen of Ripon of 
excellent repute and is a Democrat in political 
opinion. He voted for Abraham Lincoln 
during the war and holds his certificate of hon- 
orable service from Mr. Lincoln, which was 
awarded to the 100-days men by Special Act. 



SX\^ILUAU M AHONEY, of Wausau, 
CJC')/ Wis., and a member of G. A. R. 

'"'fs^L ^^^^ ^^- ^^' ^'^^ ^*°''" ^Pi"!' 14, 
1845, in Blandon, County Cork, 

Ireland. His parents, Dennis and Mary (Ma- 
honey) Mahoney, removed from the Green Isle 
to America in 1847 when he was two years old. 
Their port was at St. John's, New Brunswick 
and his mother died there in quarantine. He 
was taken to Boston by his father and left with 
his aunt, Margaret Horigan, by whom he was 
reared to the age of six years and then went to 
Piermont, Rockland Co., New York to live with 
his aunt, Johanna Donovan. Until 185() lie 
attended the couimon schools there and in that 
year came to Wisconsin, remaining in Wash- 
ington county until 1858 living with his father 
on a farm. He went thence to Manitowoc 
where he lived with his uncle, Michael Ma- 
honey and attended school until 1860. He 
obtained a situation to learn the printer's trade 
in the office of the Manitowoc Pilot and went, in 
1862 to Chilton, C'alumet Co., Wis., to work on 
the Times. In May, 1863, he enlisted as an 
able seaman in the United States navy and was 
sent to the Mississippi Squadron of iron-clads 
and .served on the gunboat Eastport. He re- 
mained in that service, scouting up and down 
the Mississippi from Cairo to the White River 
and, in September following, was discharged 
for disability. He returned to Chilton and en- 
listed as a recruit in C'ompany K, 4th Wiscon- 
sin which had then Ijeen converted into cav- 
alry. He made connection with his com- 
mand at Baton Rouge, his company being 
on detached duty from that place to Highland 
where the detail accomplished much excellent 
service and constructed stockade defenses. Mr. 
Mahoney was in many of the skirmishes in 
which many rebel prisoners were captured, and 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



219 



participated in the recomioissance to Clinton, 
La., where there was a large force of rebel 
cavalry and the skirmishing heavy. Colonel 
Boardman made a i-eckless exjiosure of himself 
in an eitbrt to find a crossing phu-e for his regi- 
ment and was .shot to death, the only loss in 
the expedition. (May 4, 1864.) Mr. Mahoney 
with a comrade caught his flying horse after 
he fell. His own bridle was cut by a Ijall. 
During the summer, lie was in the gallant 
actions in that vicinity and was constantly alert 
in scouting and skirmi.shing, capturing rebels 
and driving them from point to point. In 
November, he was in a detail to make a feint 
to attract the attention of the rel)els from Sher- 
man's army and marched 300 miles. In 
January, he was back to Baton Rouge. In 
March, he was in another action at Comite 
River and in May and .June was in the saddle 
nearly all the time for seventy days without 
much rest. In July, he started with the com- 
mand for Texas arriving at San .\ntonio in the 
first week of August. There Companies K and 
F were consolidated and the regiment passed 
the succeeding months in work attendant upon 
adjustment and regulation of affairs resulting 
from the interruption of the rebellion. Much 
was done by the command to put an I'ud to 
Indian depredations and internal piracy of an 
exasperating nature. Soon after, the regiment 
was mustered out and came home to receive 
discharge June 17, 1(S6(J, at Madison. 

Returning to Chilton Mr. Mahonc}' engaged 
in the sah.^ of drugs and was appointtsd Post- 
master by Andrew Johnson June 1, 18(i7, serv- 
ing until Aug. 1, 1869. He was Town Clerk 
eight years and in 1876 received the nomi- 
nation for Sheriff on the Democratic ticket to 
he defeated Ijy a very small majority, three 
candidates l)eing in the field. Jan. 7, 1880, he 
went to Colby, Marathon Co., Wis., and oper- 
ated a year as a clerk. In November of the 
next year, he went to Spencer, Wis., and re- 
mained until September 1, 1885, in the service 
of W. J. Clifford. On that date he went to 
Wausau to accept a situation as Deputy Collec- 
tor of the 6th District under Hon. J. M. Mor- 
row, of Sparta, Wis. This is now the 2d 
District, and Mr. Mahoney discharges the 
duties of the same office under Gen. A. C. 
Parkinson, of Madison. Mr. Mahoney is an 
ardent Democrat and has served the interests 
of his party vigorously since n'turning to civil 




life. He has been several times elected dele- 
gate to State and Congressional Conventions. 

November 4, 1869, he was married to Sarah 
Birdsall, and their only child is named Madge. 
Winnie, the oldest daughter, died at Colby 
when about twelve years old. Mrs. Mahoney 
is a native of Perryville, Ohio. 



HARLES W. DKJK, of Stock In-idge, 
Wis., and a member of G. A. R. Po.st 
No. 40, was Itorn April 23, 1838, in 
Brothertown, Calumet Co., Wis. He 
is the son of Alexander G. and Samantha 
(Sickter) Dick and the former died in Kan.sas 
in 1864. His mother is still living in Brother- 
town and is 77 years old. Mr. Dick received 
a common school education and, when he was 
14 years of age, he went to the far West and 
passed some years in traversing the Territories 
and Southern States, returning to Stockbridge 
in 1859. Until 1861 he was interested in farm- 
ing and lumbering and among the earliest to 
enrojl in the military service of tlie United 
States after the war came on. April 27lli he en- 
listed in Conii)any K, 4th Wisconsin Infantry 
at Stockbridge for three months in the State 
service and was afterwards sworn into the U. S. 
service, joining his command at Racine after 
re-enlisting for three years. He went with the 
regiment to Baltimore, passing through exper- 
iences while on the way which are of intert'st 
and told in detail in many sketches on other 
pages. He was in the march to the Eastern 
shore of Virginia and afterwards went to For- 
tress Monroe, whence he went with the regi- 
ment to Ship Island in the command of Butler. 
He was in the several movements up and down 
the Mississippi River in the attempts on Vicks- 
burg and fought at Baton Rouge. He was in 
the subsequent movements and took part in the 
battle of Bisland. He was in the battle of 
Clinton, La., and there received a bullet through 
his cap and blouse. He was also in the second 
as.sault on the same place and was camping in 
the vicinity when the fort surrendered. After 
the conversion of the regiment into cavalry Mr. 
Dick was in all its experiences and engaged in 
active skirmishing and scouting in Southern 
Louisiana. He re-enlisted Jan. 4, 1864, at Baton 
Rouge in the same company and regiment, and 
was in the reconnoissance to Clinton, La. He 



220 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 




Ridiinond, 



was seized with jaundice while still an infantry 
soldier and passed three months in tlie hospital 
at Carrollton, La., and went afterwards to Char- 
ity and University hospitals at New Orleans. 
After recovery, he rejoined the regiment at Port 
Hudson, Jan. 14, 1863. He was with the regi- 
ment in all its later experiences and was mus- 
tered out at San Antonia, Texas, and discharged 
at New Orleans, Sept. 14, 1S65. 

In October he reached Stockbridge where he 
has since operated as a carpenter. He was 
married Aug. 30, 1S76, to Emogene Johnson of 
Stockbridge and their three children are named 
Lester Ulysses, Horace Charles and Roy Alex- 
ander. Mr. Dick is a citizen who sustains the 
record he made as a soldier in his private life. 
He is a useful member of his Post and enjoys 
the respect of the community where he resides. 

ILLIAM HEUKON, of Brandon, 
Wis., and Adjutant of G. A. R. 
Post No. 13H, was born April 
22, 1836 in the town of New 
Clermont Co., Ohio, and is the son 
of James and Margaret (Arciiard) Herron, the 
former a native of Pennsylvania and a farnn'r 
by vocation. He removed liis family to Oliio 
in 1815 and engaged in the publication of a news- 
paper at New Richmond. In 1841 he went to 
Indiana wliere he engaged in farming and died 
when 70 years old in 1870. Tlie mother is still 
living in Indiana. The son was an inmate of 
the parental liome until liis majority. He ob- 
tained a good education under the instruction 
of his father and, at 17, began teaching in a 
district school. He engaged in that calling 
until the war and at an early period of the 
Great Struggle determined to enlist, if his 
services were needed. In the second year it 
became manifest to all that the contest was of 
proportions which exceeded the first impres- 
sions of the executive and military authorities 
and Mr. Herron enlisted Aug. 16, 1862 in Com- 
pany B, 85th Indiana Infantry for three years 
or for the war. He went to rendezvous at Terre 
Haute and thence to Indianapolis where the re- 
giment received uniforms. They went next to 
Cincinnati to the defense of the city when 
threatened by Kirby Smith and followed the 
rebels in their retreat to Crab Orchard, camping 
afterwards at Danville, Ky., and a month later 
were engaged in the chase of John Morgan. 
January 1st they arrived at Louisville, wliere 



they embarked for Nashville and marched from 
'there to Brentwood Station, remaining there 
until March 2nd. Mr. Herron was in his first 
active warfare at Franklin when that place was 
taken and on the 5th skirmished all day with 
the cavalry of Wheeler. At night he fought at 
Thompson's Station and was one who sur- 
rendered to Van Dorn after holding the posi- 
tion tliree hours and until the last round of 
ammunition was fired. Nearly the entire regi- 
ment were taken to Libby, but Mr. Herron made 
his escape in the darkness of the first night, 
hiding in a clump of cedars until his captors 
had passed. They had taken from him his 
boots and overcoat and given him an old blanket, 
which he tore into strips and bound around his 
feet so he could walk. He made his way to 
the 104th Ohio regiment, a distance of about six 
miles through the woods and arriving at their 
picket line about three o'clock in the morning 
in a worn-out condition. On the same day he 
joined Company D of liis command which had 
been left behind at Frankhn and was there as- 
signed to duty as military postmaster June 13th. 
Owing to failing health, he was sent to the hos- 
pital at Nashville, where he remained until 
Sept. 15th, when he joined the regiment at 
at Wartrace, Tenn. October 5th, he went to 
Duck River Bridge to defend the position where 
a company of the regiment had been captured. 
After passing the winter at A'arious points in 
varied duty, he went with the regiment to Look- 
out Mountain which was reached May 3rd, 
1864. May 4th, they camped on the battle field 
of Chickamauga. On the 5th, they crossed 
Taylor's Ridge through Gordon's Gap and were 
held as reserve at Buzzard's Roost. Mr. Herron 
was in the fight at Resaca three days and was 
next in action at Cassville, the town being taken. 
He was afterwards in the fights at New Hope 
Church, Lost Mountain, Gulp's Farm, Marietta, 
Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek and 
skirmished thence to Atlanta, moving into the 
city Septeml)er 3rd, after the evacuation. Here 
he received a 15-day furlough and on his return 
to his regiment was assigned to duty at the 
headquarters of Major-General Chas. Cruft serv- 
ing on detached duty until April 10th follow- 
ing when he again returned to his regiment and 
was in the last battle of the war at Bentonville, 
N. C, and was honorably discharged June 12, 
1865 at Washington. 

He returned to Indiana and was occupied in 
teaching and in newspaper work until 1882 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



221 



when lie removed to Wisconsin and located at 
Brandon. lie was married IVfay 1, 18<jl, to 
Isal)ella Davis a native of Montc/uma Park, 
Ind. Her ])arents were liurn in Keniuck}' and 
were descendants of the t^arliest settlers of \'ir- 
ginia. The children of Mr. and Mrs. lierron 
were born as follows: George D.,Jan. 21, 18()2; 
Margaret Evelyn, April o, 18(36; Bertha May, 
May 23, 1872. " Their son received his college 
education at Ripon, Wis , and entered the min- 
istry before he was 22 years of age, he is at pres- 
ent (1888) pastor of the Congregational Church 
at Lake Mills, Wis. 

He is, in the fullest sense a self-made man. 
He first otticiated as pastor seven months at 
Centerville, D. T., and preached his tirst sermon 
in September, 1883. He went next to Atlanta 
to the missionary field of the South where he 
organized and built the Immanuel Congrega- 
tional church. He was ordained and installed 
at Atlanta on Thanksgiving Day, the church 
dedication being on the same date. In May, 
1885, he went to Zanesville, Ohio, where he 
preached about one year and a half, locating at 
the end of that time at Lake Mills where he has 
since been successful in the work of the minis- 
try. 

Mr. Herron had a brother, .John Herron, in 
the service, who died at Covington, Ky., of dis- 
ease contracted in the army. His brothers 
James and Jo.seph reside in Indiana. His sis- 
ter Mary is the widow of Joseph Davis, a soldier 
in the IMth Indiana Infantry. Jane was the 
wife of Mahlon Barker, a member of the 10th 
Indiana Infantry who was wounded at Shiloh 
and died at Brazil, Ind. Lucy, Laura and Ella 
are the names of tlie others. The grandfather 
of Mrs. Herron was in tiie Revolulionaiy war 
and died at the age of 104 years. Mrs. Herron 
is of English descent, and Mr. Ilerron is of mixed 
Irish and English extraction. He has been for 
five years past, and is now working for the 
American Tract Company. 

,ETER REUTHER, of BriUion, Calu- 
met Co., Wis., and a member of G. 
A. R. Post No. 222, was born in Lau- 
bach, Rhine Province, Prussia, Feb. 8, 
1836. George and Anna Margaretha, (Mickel) 
Ruether, his parents were born respectively in 
Laubach and Neuerkirch in the Rhine pro- 
vince. The former was a soldier, according to 
law, in the war of 1820 in his own countrv and 




his son Jacob was a soldier in the 5th Pennsyl- 
vania Cavalry. He came to America with his 
wife, three daughters and two sons in 1854, 
landing at the port of New York in ^lay, and 
came directly tlience to Sheboygan, Wis. The 
names and ages at this writing (1888) of the 
children belonging to the household are, Anna 
M., 58, Anna K., 56, Marcia, 54, and Jacob, 
aged 45. Mr. Reuther of this sketch is next to 
the youngest. 

He worked at Shelioygan for a time at his 
trade of carpenter and then went to Centerville 
where he operated in the same line until he 
enlisted in Company B, 45th Wisconsin Infan- 
try at Centerville, ^'lanitowoc Co., Wis., for one 
year, enrolling Oct. 8, 1864. November 15th 
he was i)romoted to Orderly Sergeant and was 
mustered out as such at Nashville, Tenn., July 
27, 1865, by General Order. The companies 
of the regiment were dispatched to the front as 
fast as they were filled and arrived at Nash- 
ville in the latter i)art of 1864 and, in the first 
months of the year following, the soldiers 
participated in the fighting and skirmishes in 
the vicinity of the city,on I)eceml)er 14th, 15th, 
16th and l'7th,and in the work of defense after- 
wards. 

Mr. Reuther returned to Centerville where 
he remained until the fall of 1873 when he re- 
moved to Two Rivers and resided there three 
years. For three years subsequent he worked 
at his trade at Cen'terville and in 1879 located 
at BriUion. He is engaged in selling liquors at 
wholesale and retail and is the present Com- 
mander of Post Hiram Gil)bs, (1888) and is 
serving his second term. In Manitowoc county 
he held the position of Town Clerk for seven 
years and, for the same length of time, acted in 
the capacity of -Justice of the Peace. In 1872 
he represented Manitowoc county in the Assem 
bly of Wisconsin. 

"Mr. Reuther was mairied Oct. 28, 1861, to 
Augusta Rossl)ery and their seven children are 
named Louis, George ('., Hattie, Lizzie, Otto, 
Sarah and Emil. The oldest son was married 
March 10, 1887, to Lizzie Bruss. 

^, ,. AFFORD OATMAN,Menomonee,Mich., 
" ' member of Lyon Post, No. 266, was born 
Dec. 7, 1835, in Brattleboro, Vermont, 
and is the son of Reuben Bates and 
Sarah (Safibrd) Oatman. The former was born 




222 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF- 



in Bennington, Vermont, and was of Englisli 
descent, belonging to the original proprietor of 
the name in America which, properly spelled, 
was Ontnian. His grandfather, Reuben Oat- 
man, went from Bennington to Buffalo and 
enlisted in the war of 1812 and their brothers 
and ancestors were in both wars with (ireat 
Britain. His mother was born in Salem, 
Washington Co., New York. Her father, Aden 
Safford, fought in the war of 1812. Mr. Oat- 
man went to Oswego county, New York, witli 
his parents and they located in Pineville, and 
were there resident 16 years, the son receiving 
a di.strict school education. When he was 18 
they removed to Neenah, VVisconsin, whicii 
was his home until the war of the rebellion 
commenced, when he resolved to enlist, and he 
enrolled May 30, 1861, in Oompany 0, 3rd 
regiment Wisconsin Infantry, for three months, 
re-enlisting when the proclamation abolishing 
three mouths enlistments was issued, for tliree 
years. He was discharged Aug. 12th following, 
on account of disability incurred in the service. 
The regiment rendezvoused at Camp Hamilton, 
Fond du Lac, and left the State .luly 12th. 
They went via Chicago, through Indiana to 
Buffalo, and Elmira, New York, and thence to 
Hagerstown, Md., and encamped there July 
IStli. Sandy Hook, opposite Harper's Ferry, 
was their next destination, where the regiment 
was assigned to Patterson's brigade and camped. 
The command was separated into detachments. 
Company (J being stationed at Monocacy Bridge, 
under Banks, Patterson having been relieved. 
Mr. Oatman was in the famous retreat in which 
his chief distinguished himself and soon after 
was detailed to go with four wounded men to 
the hospital at Hagerstown and, after turning 
them over, the rebels made their appearance at 
Point of Rocks. The 4th Connecticut Infantry 
was doing provost duty at Hagerstown and 
was despatched to Point of Rocks ; Mr. Oat- 
man took a musket and went with them and 
fought in the repulse. He then made con- 
nection with a wagon-train en route to Harper's 
Ferry and went to his regiment. At the time 
of his enlistment he had a difficulty known as 
floating cartilage and in the exposure incident 
to array life, one of his limbs swelled to three 
times its natural size, on which account he was 
discharged. He had three brothers in the 
service. Isaac enlisted in Company E, 2nd 
Wisconsin Infantry and fought at the first Bull 
Run, receiving a severe injury in his ancle. 



from a rebel cavalryman. He served three 
years and veteranized in the 50th Wisconsin 
Infantry. Albert went from Wisconsin, was 
sent to the Invalid hospital and returned home 
to die three weeks later. Charles A. enlisted 
from Wisconsin and passed through the service 
unharmed. 

Mr. Oatman returned to Neenah where he 
worked at his trade of carpenter until 1866 
when he located at Menomonee — since his 
home. He has operated there as a contractor 
and builder and the place shows many fine 
buildings whose erection he has conducted. 
He was married May 12, 1S5(), to Charlotte 
Hoha and their living children number eight 
— Nettie, wife of Charles Moss, of Ingalls, Mich., 
Emma, married to John Lynch of the same 
place, Ellen, widow of William Smith of Menom- 
onee, (who died in June, 1888, leaving five chil- 
dren), Byron (married Ettie Williams, and re- 
sides on Bay Shore north of Menomonee), Mat- 
tie, General, Jin and Jessie. Helen, Elmer, and 
Willie died in infanc}'. 



♦^!»t^ '^>i^^^'*itf->«5«f-* 



/^^ DWARD SKILLING, a farmer on sec- 
| , Y tion 23, Suamico Township, Brown 
\^!^^^ Co., Wis., and a former soldier in 
the civil war, was born March 24, 
1845, in St. Francis, Canada. His parents, 
Antone and Adeline (Udl) Skilling, removed to 
the United States and came in 1846 to Green 
Bay, Wis., and in the same year went to Duck 
Creek where he remained until 1879; from 
there be removed to Suamico, his present resi- 
dence. 

He enlisted March 14, 1864, when 19, at 
Green Bay in Company G, 2nd Wisconsin 
Cavalry, for three years and joined the com- 
mand with the veterans who returned from 
Wisconsin at ^'icksburg. In Junt', Clompany 
G went to Cassville and remained about two 
months, scouting in Missouri and Arkansas and 
in the fall, Mr. Skilling was in the battle of 
Prairie Grove. He returned to Vicksburg and 
engaged in scouting on the Big Black River 
and in Deceml)er went to Memphis. He was 
in the action at Readsburg, alter which be 
went with his command to join the forces of 
Genei'al Sheridan at Alexandria up the Red 
River, and when he reached that place was 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



223 



sent back on the evidence of three surgeons as 
unable to proceed with the command to Texas. 
He went to the hospital at New < )rleans and 
thence to St. l^ouis on the hos]iital bi>at 
and was transferred two montlis after t<i Jeffer- 
son hospital, Madison, where he remained tliree 
months and was discharged on surgeon's cer- 
tificate Sep. 16, ISO.'). He went to Green Bay, 
where he was placed under treatment of Dr. 
C. E. Crane, formerly surgeon of the .">th Wis- 
consin and remained in his care a year but has 
never fully recovered. Mr. Skilling was mar- 
ried in 1866 to Mary Trnesdell and their chil- 
dren are named Jo.sephine, Mary, Edward, Ar- 
thur and .John : (ieorge, Maggie, Rosa, Emma 
and Louisa are not living. 



Peslitigo, 



Ig^KANCTS M. MULLEN, of 
' ' Wis., and a formei- soldier in the civil 
war, was born Oct. 12, 1844, in Tay- 
lorville, .Johnson Co., Tennessee, and 
is the son of .Joseph and Sarah (Walker) Mullen. 
His father was in the Mexican war, and received 
a wound, from which he died. The father of 
his mother was in the war of 1 812 and his grand- 
father fought in the Blackhawk war. Two of 
his brothers enlisted in L'uion regiments from 
Tennessee and another was recruiting officer for 
the Union army in the same State. The latter, 
was wounded in an encountm- witli the reliels 
while conducting recruits through the Cumber- 
land Mountaijis to the I'nion lines. 

Mr. Mullen resided in his native State until 
1860 when he went to his grandfather's in Penn- 
sylvania to go to school and, soon after, the war 
with all its terrors and iiorrors was upon the 
people of the North and, under the influence of 
the enthusiasm with which the Keystone State 
was filled, he enli.sted .July 18, 1861, just pre- 
vious to and while the troops were gathering 
for the fight at Bull Run. He enrolled at Phila- 
deljihia for three years in Company A, 3rd Penn- 
sylvania Cavalry, a three months regiment whicli 
was reorganized immediately on the expiration 
of its first period of service. He was promoted 
in 1862 as 2nd Sergeant and was discharged 
Dec. 27, 1863, on account of disability, from hos- 
pital at Washington, D. C. April 24, 1864, he 
enlisted as a veteran in A Company, 187th 
Pennsylvania Infantry and received honorable 
discharge Aug. 30, 18<i5, at Harrisburg, Pa. 



The list of battles in which Mr. Mullen was en- 
gaged makes one of most conspicuous rosters in 
this volume or in the history of a private soldier 
of tin- war. He escapt'd no contingency of mili- 
tary experience on the battle field, was wounded 
and captured and was in several hospitals. 
Among his l)attles were the skirmishes at Cur- 
rantown, at Front Royal near Richmond, Cross 
Keys, Yorktown, Williamsburg, Fair Oaks, Cold 
Harbor, Seven Pines, Savage Station, and in all 
the fights comprising the .seven days in the 
Chickahominy, at Malvern Hill, 2nd Bull Run, 
South Mountain, Antietam, Frederickslnirg, 
Chancel lorsville, Getty.sburg and at Cedar Creek 
in the Shenandoah valley and in front of Peters- 
burg. September 30, 18()3, he was captured at 
Dutch Gap canal and escaped the same day. 
He was wounded June 18, 1864, in front of 
Petersburg, a ball striking him in the joint of. 
the right ankle which was permanently injured. 
This sent him to b spital at City I'oint, Va., 
thence to Columbus, ( )hio, to Benton Barracks, 
St. Louis, and after recovery as far as possible, 
he was assigned to the A'etf ran Reserve Corps 
for duty and remained in that connection until 
his discharge. 

After the war he went to Peshtigo and thence 
to Chicago, where he obtained a situation on a 
steamboat which he retained five seasons. His 
residence was at Sturgeon Bay for 10 years and 
in 1886 lie made another removal to Marinette; 
two years later be settled at Peshtigo where he 
is engaged as an engineer and plasterer and also 
engages in some of the varied occupations of a 
lumberman. He married Ella Moshier and 
their children are named Percy M., and Jessie 
A. William N. is deceased. Mrs. Mullen is the 
daughter of Ni'lson I^ee and Annie M. (I-jiglit) 
Moshier; she was born at Ahiiapee,\A'is.,and her 
parents were natives respectively of Connecticut 
and New York. Geoi%e Barrand, her sister's 
husband, was a Wisconsin soldier; her mother's 
grandfather, Caleb Horton, wasa Revolationary 
soldier. 

JOHN CRAWFORD, Westfield, Wis., and 
a member of G. A. R. Post No. 65, was 
born in Pennsylvania, November 19, 
1835, and when he was in early child- 
hood his father removed to Ohio which was 
their place of abode about 13 years, remov- 



224 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



iiig to Wisconsin and locating at Waupun 
where they lived four years and whence they 
removed to Westfield, Marquette county. 
Oct. 11, 1861, he enlisted in Company E, 16th 
Wisconsin Infantrj' for tiiree years and was 
with the regiment until after thelmttle of Pitts- 
burg Landing, the siege of Corinth and the 
battle at that place, and he received honorable 
discharge August 27, 18<j2. He returned to 
Wisconsin and enlisted again August 18, 1864, 
in Company C,lstWisconsin Heavy Artillery and 
was discharged at Chattanooga, Tenn., June 
16, 1865, after the close of the war. His 
battery was organized by Captain Meservey and 
Captain Davis, and Mr. Crawford joined the com- 
mand as a recruit at Fort Sherman near Chat- 
tanooga. In March, the command went to 
Athens, thence to Mouse Creek and Strawberry 
Plains and to Nashville to be mustered out. 
Mr. Crawford was one of five brothers who en- 
listed and all returned in safety but one 
who died at St. Louis and another who lived 
two days after reaching his home. His 
brother T. B. Crawford, is memorialized in the 
name of the Post at Westfield and was in 
the same company and regiment as the subject of 
this sketch, to which another brother also be- 
longed. 

Mr. Crawford was married in 1855 toEllinor 
0. Granger and they had no children. Tlieir 
adopted son, James A. Crawford, is the son 
of T. p. Crawford, referred to, and he has been 
in his uncle's care since his father's deatli. 
They have an adopted daughter, whose former 
name was Lilian Peck, and she became a mem- 
ber of their family when four years old. The 
parents of Mr. Crawford, Mordecai and Jem- 
ima (Barton) Crawford, were born respectively 
in 1810 and 1812 and they were of Pennsyl- 
vania stock. Walter and Rachel (McLaugh- 
lin) Granger, the parents of Mrs. Crawford were 
natives of Canada. During the first enlistment 
of Mr. Crawford he suffered from heart dis- 
ease and was discharged on that account. He 
enlisted three times afterwards and was rejected 
twice. He returned from the service in bro- [ 
ken health but with his spirits at the | 
point to wliich they had been held by the 
true element of patriotism. J. B. Crawford, 
his brother, was at the theatre in Washing- 
ton wlien Lincoln was assassinated and saw 
every incident of the tragedy and witnessed 
Booth's leap and movements across tiie stage. 
Mr. Crawford has been active in Grand Army 




1836, 



matters and an honest, upright and justly re- 
spected citizen, integrity and uprightness being 
the religion of his every day life. He is a 
.solid Republican and belongs to Republican 
stock of inflexible principles. His fii'st presi- 
dential vote was for Mr. Lincoln and he has a 
record of voting for the winning candidate 
with one exception and in tiie late cam- 
paign his vote was recorded for Harrison. His 
business life has been spent in farming and in 
mercantile pusuits. He has been Supervisor 
and Assessor of his town. 

ONRAD WIPE, a lum])crman of ex- 
tensive relations in Waupaca county 
and a member of G. A. R. Post No. 
99, at lola, Wis., was born August 15, 
in Switzerland, and in 1854 came to 
America with his parents, Henry and Elizabeth 
(Suter) Wipf. In company with his lirother, he 
secured an extensive tract of pine land in the 
immediate vicinity of lola. Their father was 
well-to-do in his native land and the means 
which he brought with him were invested in 
farm and pine land of which his sons have 
since remained proprietors. Tiie father died in 
1876, and the mother resides with her son, 
Jacob Wipf, at lola. 

The brothers Wipf commenced their lumber- 
ing operations on an extensive scale and their 
relations were sucli as to preclude their enter- 
ing the war at an early period. When the 
necessity for troops at Nashville to re-enforce 
General Thomas became pressing, Mr. Wipf 
enlisted at lola, Oct. 28, 1864, in Company C, 
44th Wisconsin Infantry for one year. His 
company was one of the first four wliich was 
sent forward as soon as organized, and the bat- 
talion was in the trenches during the battle of 
Nashville. Afterwards, the command was em- 
ployed in military duty until March, 1865, 
when a part of the regiment went to Eastport, 
Miss., returning to Nashville, and in April 
went to Paducah, Ky., where the regiment per- 
formed picket duty and was mustered out 
August 28, 1865. During the greater part of 
his service, Mr. Wipf was on detached duty as 
special Orderly of Colonel LeDuc who was chief 
of a commission to investigate the Quarter- 
master's Department of the Army of the West, 
the other members being Lieutenant Colonel 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



225 



Hayes and Major Wel)ster. Colonel LeDuc has 
since been Commissioner of Agriculture. Mr. 
Wipf was detailed as door-keeper during the 
sessions and would have received an appoint- 
ment as clerk Init they were not permitted to 
take a soldier from tlie ranks. He accompa- 
nied the command In Paducah, where he was 
detailed at post headquarters. During his 
period of service he was excused from duty 
only one day. He was mustered out August 
28, 1865, and returned to Wisconsin. He and 
his brother had left their father in charge of 
their lumber interests, associated with Ammi 
Baldwin of Waupaca, their partner. On their 
return they resumed the management of their 
affairs and Mr. Baldwin sold his intei'cst to a 
cou.sin of Mr. Wijif. Soon after, the latter be- 
came an invalid and the brothers bought his 
ownership in the property, since which time 
they have been its jonit possessors and they 
have since engaged extensively in all the opera- 
tions of lumbering, including saw-mills, plan- 
ing mill, shingle mill and flouring mill, and 
they also deal in pine and agricultural lands. 
The pine timber is within a few miles of lola 
and the cut logs are hauied to the mill or 
floated down the stream which supplies the 
power. In the planing and shingle mills, they 
employ steam power, water being used in all 
other branches of their business. 

Mr. Wipf was married July 11, 1861, to 
Eliza Brand of Tola, and they have had nine 
children named in tlie order of birth, Louisa, 
Henry, William, Carrie, Frederick C, Lottie E., 
Harry, Francis and Grace. William died in 
June, 1882. Mr. Wipf is a substantial citizen 
of Waupaca county, and belongs to a nationality 
which forms one of the best elements in the 
composite population of the New World. He 
was old enough when he left his native country 
to understand the principles of freedom which 
are instilled into the minds of every Switzer, 
and, since he l)ecame an American citizen, has 
demonstrated the stabilitv of his convictions. 



OSEPH L. COT EY, Grand Rapids, Wis., 

member of G. A. R. Post No. 22, was 

born March 19, 18ol, in St. Francis, 

County of Yamaska, District of Three 

Rivers, Province of Quebec. He is the son of 



Louis and Mary (Biron) Cotey, l>oth natives of 
Canada and representatives of French ancestors, 
originating in Nantes, France, six generations 
removed. When he was lo years old he came 
to \\'isconsin in 184() and made his way from 
Sheboygan to < ireen Bay on the Indian trail and 
reaclu'ir (irand Rapids Nov. 15, 1846. His 
uncle, Francis X. Biron, was there engaged in 
lumbering and he was in las employ until 1850 
when he went to California. He returned two 
years later and engaged in l)usiness with his 
uncle a year when he sold his interest and 
bought the "Merrill Mill" four miles from the 
Rapids. After tw'O years of success his dam and 
logs were washed out and he sold the property. 
His losses of one day amounted to $6,000. His 
next venture was in locating pine lands in part- 
nership with St. Louis bankers and was to re- 
ceive a third interest in them for locating and 
managing, and he invested $1,200 with the In- 
dians up the Wisconsin River to obtain their 
good will and loUowed the surveys and located 
the land. He was in a fair way to come into 
extensive possessions when the war interfered 
with the arrangement, his St. Louis associates 
espousing the cause of the South. 

During the first months of the war, Mr. Cotey 
determined to enter the army and he enlisted 
Nov. 5, 1861, in Company G, 18th Wisconsin 
Lifantry at Grand Rapids for three years. 

He was mustered out at Louisville July 20, 
1865, after a service of four years and eight 
montlis. The record of Mr. Cotey entitles him 
to special mention from the fact that he en- 
listed as a private without influence and by 
meritorious service and bravery on the flekl, 
rose to the hightest rank in his company. From 
the regimental rendezvous at Camp Trowbridge 
at Milwaukee, the regiment went on the 30th 
of March from Wisconsin under orders to re- 
port at St. Louis, where they received orders to 
move immediately to Pittsburg Landing and in 
less than a week fought in that battle, where 
Colonel James S. Alban was killed. Mr. Cotey 
was injured in the battle, a shot shattering his 
gunstock and felling him senseless to the ground. 
This was the only injury he received. After 
the battle iVIr. Cotey was ill with diarrhea. He 
remained in regimental hospital about iO days, 
wdien he rejoined his company, refusing to go 
to a hospital. He participated ni the siege of 
C'orinth, remaining in that vicinity until the 
battle of luka and returned to assist in the re- 
jiulse of Price and Van Dorn at Corinth. He 



226 



SOLDIERS ALBUM OF 



went with the force of Grant, which was des- 
tined to go to Grand Junction, but the plan was 
frustrated by the surrender of supphes at Holly 
Springs by (Joloncl Murphy, and they marched 
back 48 miles and moved to Holly Springs. 
After a tight there they fell Ijack to Memphis 
and took transports for Vicksburg, where Mr. 
Cotey was occupied on the several canals and 
went thence to Millikin's Bend and afterwards 
helped to cut the canal between the Mississippi 
River and Lake Providence and in clearing 
obstructions. Li April, they went down the 
river and in May reported to McPherson and 
Mr. Cotey was in the battle of .Jackson and 
started the next day for Vick.sburg, fighting at 
Ctiampion Hills. On the following night, the 
I'egiment tore down a warehouse and built a 
In-idge across the F>lack River of the bales of 
cotton on which they laid the lumber to hold 
it in place and on this the troops crossed. 
Three miles above was a bridge, on which the 
rebels had crossed and fired, cutting off 7,000 
who were captured by the Union soldiers. Mr. 
Cotey was in the second assault at Vicksburg, 
and when it was reported that Johnston was on 
his way to re-enforce Pemberton at ^"icksburg, 
the ISth Wisconsin, with other troops under 
General Blair, were sent out to intercept him, 
but the report proved false and the command 
raided the valle}' between the Black and Yazoo 
Rivers destroying mdls, corn and other pro- 
perty and returned to Vicksburg followed by 
contrabands equal to their own numbers. The 
connnanding officer kept them constantly on 
the move ; many men were ill in consequence, 
and Captain Cotey was 10 days in the regi- 
mental hospital. After the surrender of Vicks- 
burg, • he received a special furlough for 
conspicious gallantry in the siege of Vicks- 
burg and returned to Wisconsin. After 00 days 
he rejoined the regiment at Memphis and 
marched to Chattanooga. The 18th regiment, 
with an Illinois regiment, was the first to 
cross the Tennessee River near Chickamauga 
Creek and they cai^tured the rebel pick- 
ets and laid the pontoons on which Sher- 
man's army crossed and soon after they 
were in a severe fight near Tunnell Hill. Cap- 
tain Cotey was in tlie charge at Mission Ridge 
and in the pursuit of the rebels to Dalton. 
They went into winter quarters at Huntsville, 
occupying the courthouse three months, during 
which they raided the adjacent country and 



destroyed the saltpeter works near Whitesl)urg. 
In the spring, Sherman's army was re-organ- 
ized for the march to the sea and the 18th was 
assigned to the loth Corps under John A. Lo- 
gan and started on the Atlanta campaign. 
Captain C'otey was in the fights at Rocky Face, 
Buzzard Roost and Resaca, where Logan's com- 
mand decided the fortunes of the day. He 
was next in action near Dallas and Pumpkin 
Vine Creek and fought at Allatoona where his 
regiment was left to guard supplies and after 
the l)attle of Atlanta, Hood, with 8,000 rebels, 
surrounded them at Allatoona Pass. They had 
2,100 fighting men but they held their posi- 
tion and protected their supplies. The rebel 
loss was 1,200 in killed, wounded and prison- 
ers in this aci ion. They Avere in the command 
of General Corse, who was wounded. They 
moved next to guard a tunnel on the Chatta- 
nooga and Nashville railroad and two weeks 
later went to Chattanooga and thence to Alla- 
toona. They had veteranized at Huntsville 
and Ijeen promised veteran's furlough but could 
not be spared from the exigencies of the service 
until November, 1864. They re-assembled at 
Nashville and proceeded thence to Baltimore. 
They went to Louisville where they were frozen 
in and were compelled to go by rail and em- 
barked on steamers for Beaufort, N. C, and 
they marched to Newbern, where they were 
assigned to the command of (ien. Francis Mea- 
gher, where the regiment performed hard 
labor, building log huts for themselves and 
elegant headquarters for the commanding offi- 
cer, adorned with division and brigade Hags 
and surrounded by a fence. General Meagher 
issued an order requiring his soldiers to shave 
to their moustaches. At the end of three weeks 
the buildings were erected and the General 
had a grand display to which he invited the 
ladies of Newbern. He was making the clos- 
ing of a series of speeches when orders reliev- 
ing him arrived from the War Department and 
the command left their quarters the next UKjrn- 
ing for Goldsboro. On the route they had a 
fight with Bragg on a tributary of the Neuse 
River. The raw recruits with the IStli gave 
much annoyance from their excitement in this 
action, Captain Cotey having 30 of them in his 
company. While awaiting re-enforcements the 
rebels made seven charges in four days, to be 
repulsed in all. At Goldsboro they made connec- 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



227 



tion with SliermanV army and went to Raleigh 
where they were in line of battle to liglit John- 
ston, when he surrendered. The authoi-ities 
at Washington demurred about the terms 
made bj' Sherman and line of battle was again 
formed but terms were arranged and the war 
was at an end. The luan^h tlirough Virginia 
to Washington and the(Tra,n(l Review followed. 
After the battle of Shiloii Mr. Cotey was made 
Orderly Sergeant of his ctJUipany and was 
afterward made Captain of Company (t, passing 
the intermediate grades. His commission was 
dated April 4, ISU'), and he was mustered out 
as such April 'iOth following. 

He was married Sep. 5, 1853, to Mary A. 
Byrne, a native of Galena, 111., and they 
have one son surviving — Appletou B. Cotey, 
a merchant at Pittsville, Wis. He mar- 
ried Nellie Smith, and their children are 
named Coole G., Clinton A. and Dawne E. 
Twin sons of Captain and Mrs. Cotey died in 
infanc3^ James Byrne, fatln'r of the wife, was 
a native of County Carlin, Ireland. Her 
mother, Ruth (Warren) Byrne, was born in 
Pennsylvania and was a relative of General 
Warren, the martyr of Bvmker Hill. 

Captain Cotey has been prominent in the 
management and honors of local affairs at 
Grand Rapids throughout his career there. 
May 5, 1874, he was commis.sioned by Gov. W. 
R. Taylor, Lumber Inspector of District No. 1 
and he served two years. Gov. Harrison Lud- 
ington renewed the appointment under date 
of March oO, 187(; ; and April 1), 1878, Gov. 
Wm. E. Smith re-appointed him for two years. 
He was one the census enumerators in 1880 
under Gen. T. S. Allen. He has been 
a prominent Re])ublican and has served 
his party with conspicuous fidelity. He has 
been entrusted with important business in 
the local management of campaigns and has a 
well sustained repute for the character of his 
services. Sep. 27, 1880, he was appointed by 
the Republican State Central Committee to 
take charge of matters pertaining to the party 
interests in his district. He was also commis- 
sioned by H. A. Taylor, Chairman of the Com- 
mittee, as Captain of the Blaine and Logan 
Army. He is in possession of an elegant sword 
presented to him by the members of his com- 
pany encased in an elegant silver scabbard 
bearing a spread eagle on the hilt and this in- 
scription etched on the blade : " Presented to 



Capt. -loseph L. Cotey by the members of Co. 
G, 18th Wisconsin Volunteer ^^eteran Infantrv, 
June 15, 18()5." 



-,>!^.-^>t^^^* 



OB R. BAKER, a resident of Stevens 
Point, Wis., and a charter member of G. 
''^'" A. R. Post No. 150 at Hancock, was born 
December 3, 1844, in Bath, Steuben 
county. New York. Setli Barker, his paternal 
grandfathiT, was a soldier of the Mexican war 
and resided at Rochester at the time of the 
second war with England. He was a farmer 
and in July, 1857, came to Wisconsin, and 
bought a section of land in Grant township in 
Portage county, where he died when he was 62 
years old. Four sons survived him and two 
were soldiers of the civil war. Cbauncy C. en- 
listed Jan. 5, 1804, in Company G, 7th Wiscon- 
sin Infantry, and died at Portsmouth Grove, 
Oct. 6, 1864, from disabilities incurred in the 
service. Seth M. was a soldier in Company H, 
3rd Wisconsin Cavalry, in which he enlisted as 
a recruit August 16, 1864, and was transferred 
February 1, 1865, to Company A, reorganized 
command, and was discharged June 19, 1865. 
He returned to Wisconsin and was killed by 
lightning in 1878, at Plover, when 58 years 
old. He married Lucinda Dowd and removed 
his family to Northville, Wayne Co., Mich., 
and afterwards came to Wisconsin. 

After reaching Wisconsin, young Barker of 
this sketch ran away from home to learn the 
trade of a printer in which lie was occupied 
until he determined to enter the service. He 
made five separate efforts to enlist and was 
each time rejected on account of his age and 
size, but when the 100-days men were called 
for, he enlisted May 22, 1864, at Madison, in 
Company K, 40th Wisconsin Infantry, receiv- 
ing honorable discharge Sept. 16, 1864 at 
Madison. The captain of his company was 
Charles H. Barton, and the lieutenants 
repectively, Charles E. Hall and Nathan 
H. Downs. The colonel was W. Augustus 
Ray. The 40tli Wisconsin went to Mem- 
phis, and was a.ssigned to the 2nd Brigade, 
and quartered on the fairgrounds near the 
orchard of Beauregard, less than two miles east 
of the city of Memphis. He went on the double 
quick at the time of the attack of Forrest on the 



228 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



city and after the chase returned to the camp. 
Previous to this affair, Mr. Barker had a sun- 
stroke and after the battle went to the liospital. 
When he enhsted Ins weight was 155 pounds; 
when he was discliarged he weiglied 97 pounds. 
As soon as he recovered lie determined to re- 
enlist and he was the first man enrolled in Com- 
pany <', 52nd AVisconsin Infantry, enlisting Feb. 
25, 1S<)5. The compauj' was formed with 
George A. .Spurr as Captain, Georgt' Sexton and 
Thomas A. Conway, 1st and ■2nd Lieutenants. 
The battalion of five companies arrived at St. 
Louis, on the day of the assa,ssination of President 
Lincoln. They went thence to Pilot Knob, 
where iMr. Barker passed a week in the hospital 
and, at the expiration of that time, went in the 
ranks to Iron Mountain, and thence to St. Louis 
and Warrensburg in Missouri, where he per- 
formed guard duty until ordered to Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, to which jilace they marched and 
remained until ordered to Madison, where Mr. 
Barker received lionorable discharge July 30, 
18G5. 

He was married Feb. 23rd 1865, to Hattie, 
daughter of (jeorge and Lucy (Baker) Down- 
ing. Soon after the war he buried his wife 
and infant child. The ensuing four years 
he was engaged in various avenues of busi- 
ness in different parts of the country and 
he learned the carpenter's trade in Hancock 
of William Palmer and he married the daughter 
of his em]iloyer. He was emploj-ed in the 
business of a carpenter until 18(>9, when he was 
obliged to change his vocation on account of 
ill health and engaged in farming and also was 
interested in reading medicine until 1885. He 
conducted his farm until 1888, when he entered 
the employ of the Wisconsin Central railroad 
corporation. He married Mary Palmer and 
they had four children. Hattie May, was born 
Jan. 2, 1870 ; Clarence A. was born Jan. 19, 
1872 ; Dora, April 26, 1888. One child, Edith 
Lyle, was born March 2, 1884, and died in 1886, 
aged two j^ears and eight months. The grand- 
father of Mr. Barker on his mother's side, whose 
naime was Dowd, was of French descent and a 
soldier in the Revolution. His son George was 
a soldier in 1812. One brother of the mother of 
Mr. Barker named John was a soldier in the 
civil war. The mother of Mr. Barker was born 
in 1823, in Avoca, Steuben Co., New York, and 
died in 1884, at Plover. Mr. Barker belongs to 
a race whose generations were represented in 
the wars of this countrj' and is a man who 




believes that men should vote as they shot — for 
principle. 

ALLACE COLE, a prominent citr 
zen of Waupun, Wis., and a 
member of G. A. R. Post No. 
114, was born Feb. 29, 1840, at 
at Rochester, Racine Co., Wis., and is the son of 
Philander and Nancy (Fowler) Cole, both na- 
tives of Vermont and the former was of Welsh 
descent ; the latter was of Scotch-Irish ancestry 
and her father fought in the war of 1812. Mr. 
Cole lived in his native place until he was six 
years old and came to Waupun with his pa- 
rents, who bought a farm in Chester Township 
on which the son was reared and remained 
until he became a soldier. The war came on 
in the year he attained his majority and in Au- 
gust he enlisted, enrolling on the 28th day 
of the month, 1861, in Company G, 1st Wis- 
consin Infantry, for three j'ears. He was mus- 
tered into service Oct. 8th and left the State 
with his regiment. He remained with that 
command until November, 1862, wlien he was 
assigned to the Pioneer Corps under St. Clair 
Morton, receiving his detail to this duty at 
MitcheJlsville and was assigned to Company 
K, commanded by Lieut. Wm. Hammerick of 
of the 24th Illinois The duty of this body of 
men, picked from the Army of the Cumberland, 
was to build bridges and railroads and remove 
obstructions and prepare routes for the advance 
of the army. They were all armed and drilled 
in infantry tactics and the command was ac- 
companied by Stokes, Chicago Board of Trade 
Battery. They were also in action and fought in 
the prominent battles of the Army of the Cum- 
berland. After Stone River,Mr. Tlole was engaged 
in duty in the vicinity of Murfreesboro and was 
with the command in the advance on Tul- 
lahoma and in the skirmish at Liberty Gap. 
He was in the fight at Chickamauga and 
alterwards assisted in the construction of forts 
Negley and Wood and others and also a 
bridge across the Tennessee, preliminary to 
the advance of Sherman to the assistance of 
the Army of the Cumberland, which had 
been held by tiie rebel guns on Lookout. 
After working on a bridge across the Chick- 
amauga Creek, he was in the fight and charge 



at Mission Ridge, 
struction of a road 



He assisted in the con- 
across Lookout Mountain 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



229 



that winter and, in the spring of 1864, was 
detailed as teamster in tlie pontoon train, 
driving eight mules, lie went through to 
Rome, Ga., and was there seized with scurvy 
and returned for medical treatment to Chat- 
tanooga. He performed camp duty until after 
tlie tight at Jonesboro when he went to 
Dalton, Ga., and aided in the repulse of 
Wheeler. During his connection with the 
Corps, he went, on one occasion, on a tour 
of inspection of forts on the Chattahoochie. 
He made frei[uent applications to be returned 
to his regiment Init was a useful man and 
was not allowed to return until after the 
fight at .lonesboro. Not long after, his reg- 
iment was discharged and his connection 
with military life ended Oct. 14, 1864. April 
12, 1862, he was taken sick at Nashville with 
pneumonia and remained in a house which 
constituted the Held hospital south of Nash- 
ville where he remaiued until the army moved 
to Columbus and just before the. tight at 
Pittsburg Landing, was left without a surgeon 
and was sent with others to a convalescent 
camp. He was still in a critical state and re- 
ceived a wetting on the way, taking cold and 
suffering a relapse. He attributes the saving 
of his life to Governor Morton of Indiana, who 
was there looking after Indiana soldiers. He 
saw him in the round house on the fair 
grounds at Nashville where he lay strug- 
gling for breath. The Governor asked the 
surgeon to examine him ; he was asked a few 
questions and the Governor was informed tliat 
he was not an Indiana soldier; the surgeon was 
told that that made no difference, that he must 
be cared for. The next thing he realized was, 
tliiit he was in a hospital on Commercial street 
and after he was better he was sent to No. 8 hos- 
pital and successively to Convalescent Barracks 
and a convalesent camp. While there he 
learned that his Colonel, .lolin C. Starkweather, 
was in the city and he left the camp and made 
his way to the depot and found him and was 
taken by him to the regiment. He was reported 
from the camp as a deserter but the charge 
was made all right, and his presence with his 
command was sufficient. He remained with his 
company and regiment until detailed as before 
stated. His brother, .lames M. Cole, was in the 
1st Minnesota Infantry, one of the most 
conspicuous commands in the service. (See 
sketch of H. 0. Fifield.) 

Mr. Cole was maried Oct. 14, 1865, to Alice 




Steele. Their children were named Fanny E., 
•Jessie G., Bertha A., Jennie E., Sylvester A., Jay 
E., -James M., and Helen T. Frances, twin with 
Fanny E., died at live years ; Alice M. died in 
infancy. Jessie married W. H. Stafford, a resi- 
dent of Waupun, who represents Wells & Co., 
of Chicago, as foreman in their establishment, 
they being contractors for convict labor. He is a 
native of Vermont. Cerrel and Helen (Seaton) 
Steele, parents of Mrs. Cole, were natives re- 
spectively of Connecticut and England; Moses 
Steele, the grandfather, was a soldier in 1812. 
Joseph Seaton, a cousin of Mrs. Cole, was 
wounded in a raid of the 1st Wisconsin Cav- 
alry with Wheeler and died in hospital. 

^RED HEINEMANN, a citizen of Ap- 
pleton, Wis., and a veteran of the civil 
war, is a citizen of the United States 
by adoption, having been born at 
Heiligenstadt, Prussia, Feb. 10, 1841. 

He is the son of Conrad Heinemann, also a 
Prussian by birth, following the profession of an 
architect in his native country. He was one of 
an old family well known in the Province of 
Saxony, where members of his family occupied 
positions of trust and ranked high in various 
professions, as physicians, surgeons and theolo- 
gians. Having served his lawful term as a sol- 
dier in the Prussian Army, he was retired to the 
reserves with the rank of Captain. He married 
Theresia von Herwig a member of a family well 
known in the military history of Northern Ger- 
many, dying in 1 84.") in his native country. His 
widow with six minor children migrated to 
America in 1848 and settled in Chicago where 
the family continued to reside until 1854 when 
they removed to Manitowoc, Wis. It was here 
tlie subject of this sketch served his apprentice- 
ship as a druggist and apothecary. When the 
war came on he enlisted in Co. B, 9th Wis. Vol. 
Infy. Sept. 6, 1861, and was honorably dis- 
charged as member of tiie same Company, Dec. 
4, 18(i4, having served more than his full term 
of three years. The 9th was a picked regiment, 
being exclusively recruited and compo.sed of 
Germans, most of whom had been thoroughly 
trained in service in their native land, and on 
leaving the State was assigned to the Dept. ot 
Missouri then commanded by Major General 
David Hunter. 



230 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



On arriving at the City of Leaven wortli, Cor- 
j)oral Fred Heineinaun was detached from his 
Regiment and ordered to report for duty at 
Dept. Headquarters under the immediate com- 
mand of Major Chas. G. Halpine, A. A. GenL 
to Gen. Hunter, (Major Halpine is well remem- 
bered as one of tlie jroetsof the war by his noni 
de plume, Private Miles O'Reiley) as clerk Feb. 
10, 1862. Promoted to the position of chief 
clerk, he continued in this capacity at these 
Headquarters commanded in turn by Gens. 
Denver, Sturgis and Blunt. Ilis thorough ac- 
quaintance with all the details of the business 
at Dept. Headquarters insured him the confi- 
dence and good will of the Generals in com- 
mand and he was treated as one of the staff, 
promptly responding to every requirement 
made upon him in the line of duty. In April, 
1863, he was commissioned 1st Lieut. 1st Kan- 
sas, but continued on duty with the Dept. Head- 
quarters. While on the frontier in southwest- 
ern Arkansas Lieut. Heinemann was attacked 
by malaria which l)aflied all medical skill. The 
practice of granting leave of absence to officers 
being discontinued by orders of tlic War Dept. in 
consequence of the abuse of this jirivilege, Lieut. 
H. was obliged to resign his commission in or- 
der to get Noi-fh for relief. Arriving at St. i.,ouis 
he quickly regaineil his health, and loth to re- 
turn alone from the I'ront, asked pt'rmission of 
the Sec. of War to re-enter his old regiment as 
a private and as such serve out the unexpired 
term of his original enlistment. This request 
being cheerfully granted he was reinstated in 
his old company but shortly after again de- 
tached to take the position of ciiief clerk at the 
Headquarters of Brig. Gen. F. Salomon where 
he contiinied until mustered out. June '11, 
1863, in the fight at Cabin Creek he was 
wounded in the right arm. He was also 
wounded at Mayville at Cane Hill, Arkansas, 
receiving two balls in the leg and a scalp wound 
on tlie head. Attending to his hurts personally 
as well as to his condition when afflicted with 
malaria, his name does not appear upon any 
hospital record but always in line and ready for 
duty. 

After his return from the war, Mr. Heine- 
mann had charge of a drug business at 
Manitowoc for several years. He afterward en- 
gaged in the business of a manufacturer, and 
various other occupations, among them that of 
editing and jiublishing a newspaper. He served 
two years and six months as General Clerk in 



the State Treasurer's (")ffice of Wisconsin and at 
Manitowoc was elected City Clerk four consecu- 
tive times. 

He served one term as Transcril)ing Clerk of 
the State Senate (1873-4). He is now -Justice of 
the Peace at Appleton. His marriage to Katie 
Dockhert occured Aug. 10, 1877. Their only 
child is named Fred D. Heinemann. 

Returning again to his business as a druggist 
he continued therein until he removed to Ap- 
pleton in 1885 where he is still engaged in his 
profession to this date (1888). 

OHN SINGER, Black Creek, Wis., and a 
member of G. A. R. Post No. 116, was 
l)orn in Prussia Feb. 22, 1845. He 
accompanied his parents, John and Mary 
(Mark) Singer, to America in 1854 when he 
was nine years of age. After landing at the. 
port of New York, the family came to Milwau- 
kee and a few days later proceeded to Wayne, 
Wasliington Co., Wis., where the father pur- 
sued his two-fold business as a carpenter and 
farmer, and brought up his sons to the latter 
vocation. His son John eidisted at Wayne, 
Wis., Oct. 21, 18(;l,in D Company, 12tli Wi.s- 
consin Infantry for three years. He was pro- 
moted to Corjioral and, on the expiration of his 
period of enlistment, he veteranized at Natchez, 
Miss., and received veteran's furlough. He re- 
joined his regiment at Madison on its expira- 
tion and returned to the field. He received 
final discharge at Louisville, Ky., after a service 
of three years and eight months. 

The 12th Wisconsin was the largest regiment 
that had left the State, which it did Jan. 11, 
1862. Two days later, it made acquaintance 
with some of the severest experiences of sol- 
diers' life — the men sleeping on the frozen 
ground without shelter with the mercury 20 
degrees below zero, after a wearisome marcli of 
22 miles. Their next experience was a journej' 
in open cars lasting 24 hours, deprived of fire, 
warm food or lights. They went from Weston, 
Mo., to Leavenworth and later towards Fort 
Scott, a distance of 160 miles. In the remain- 
der of the month of March and in April, they 
made another march of 105 miles to Fort Riley. 
Soon after, orders were issued for a return to 
Leavenworth which they reached on the 27th 
of May. Two days later they went to St. Louis 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



231 



and thence to Columbus, Ky. During the suc- 
feeding months of June, July, August and Sep- 
tember the regiment made itself eonspicuous to 
the rebel soldiers and civilians in Soutliern Ken- 
tucky and Northern Tennessee, and meanwhile 
j)art of the command was mountt'd on 
liorses which were c'ontiscated. Orders were 
issued Oct. 1st for the regiment to proceed to 
the location of the l)attle (if Ilatchie where they 
acted as reserve and went tlienee to Bolivar, 
Tenn. Ndvemljer ord they started sduth and 
passed the month in Temiessee on varied duty 
of good effect. They were with (Jrant's army 
in the operations in that Deparnient, and pas- 
sed the winter in Tennessee, going in March to 
Memphis. The balance of the month, with 
April and May, was passed in capturing and 
entertaining rebels during Grierson's raid 
through Mississipj)! where their presence was 
not just then desired. May 18, 1863, the regi- 
ment went into the trenches in the siege of 
Vicksburg. Mr. Singer was also in the fight at 
Jackson, Miss., and in Ma\', 1SH4, was attached 
to the 8d Brigade, ;)d Division and 17th Corps, 
under General Leggett, preparatory to entering 
upon the " March to the Sea ". June 8th they 
joined tlie Army of tlie Tennessee and partici- 
jiated in the battles of Kenesaw Moinitaiu. 
In the siege of Atlanta, July 22, Major General 
McPherson, while examining into an an- 
ticipated movement of the rebels was surprised 
and mortally wounded. He fell about 30 rods 
from and directly in front of Mr. Singer and 
was taken by the advancing rebels. A severe 
engagement ibllowed immediately, and the 
body of the beloved and daring chief remained 
within the confederate lines for a time. This 
action, which is called one of the battles of 
Bald Hill, constituted one of the most severe of 
the siege or in the experience of soldiers, rapid 
changing from front to rear and vice versa, 
1 leing the mode of action. Mr. Singer continued 
with his command in the trenches nearly a 
montii, taking part in the battle of Jonesl)oro and 
the succeeding actions of the first of September. 
In November he commenced, with the force 
of Sherman, the march to Savannah and was 
in the detail which assisted in the destruction 
of the Georgia Central railroad, reaching Savan- 
nah Dec. 10th. From there the regiment was 
a part of all the actions of the corps and Mr. 
Singer's military history is indentical with that 
of his comrades of the 12th. 

On his return to civil life he located in 



Wayne where he engaged in farming until 
1873, the year of his removal to Black Creek. 
He is now section foreman on the Green Bay, 
Winona and St. Paul railroad. He was mar- 
ried March 16, 1871, to Susanna Tishhansen. 
The senior Singer was a soldier in Najioleon's 
army and was in the jirominent i^attles in 
which the Allies fought for eight years, among 
which was Leipsic and AV^aterloo. He was in 
the Moscow campaign and was captured. He 
escaped after a few days by cutting his way 
out witii an axe. He was one of the pioneer 
construction corps and when taken was 
wounded in his left arm with a lance. The 
father of Mrs. Singer was born in Schwyz, 
Switzerland, and was a soldier of the Republic. 
Matbias Singer, the brother of John, was a 
volunteer soldier and was taken sick at Nash- 
ville. He was ill three years and died in 
Calumet Co., Wis. His wife died earlier and 
their four orphan children are without a 
pension. 



AMES N. STOWE, of Friendship, Adams 
Co., Wis., member of G. A. R. Post No. 
65, at Westfield, Wis., was born October 
31, 1840, in Grafton, Mass. His father, 
Sumner E. Stowe, was born in Grafton in 1813 
and married Nancy L. Fay, who was born in 
1818 at Hopkinton, Mass. The family re- 
moved in 1851, to Moreau, Saratoga Co., New 
York and thence to Fort Edward on the Hud- 
son, in 1855", they removed to Argyle in 
Washington county, New York in 1860. 

Mr. Stowe enlisted at Argyle, New York, 
August 18, 1862, in Company F, 123rd New 
York Infantry for three years. The regiment 
was organized at Salem, New York with Colo- 
nel A. L. McDougall, commanding. The regi- 
ments received military instruction at that 
place for several weeks and went thence into 
camp at Capitol Hill at Washington and, after 
a few weeks to Arlington Heights. 

The next move was to Pleasant Valley near 
Harper's Ferry and, afterwards they went to 
Loudon, Va., and were ordered to Fredericks- 
burg, where battle was impending, but the 
heavy rains impeded their progress and they 
camped at Fairfax C. H. A month later the 
regiment went to Stafford C. H., and remained 
Aj)ril, 1862, when orders were received to 



unti 



232 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



move to make connection with the command 
wliich was ready for battle at Chancellorsville, 
and tliey arrived on the battle field on the 
night of April 30th and moved to position in 
line of battle on the morning of Friday, May 
1st. Tlie regiment belonged to the 1st Bri- 
gade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps and on 
that day occupied a position on the right of 
the Federal army. After the three days 
fight, the command fell back across the 
Rap}>ahannock to Stafford G. H., where 
they remained until the Army of Virginia 
broke camp for the Gettysburg campaign. 
The 123rd New York arrived on the battlefield 
July l.st and Mr. Stowe was in the three days 
fighting, (^n the morning of the 4th, the 12th 
Corps marched thi-ough the city and drove out 
the rear guard of the rebel army ; the brigade 
was the first division of infantry that moved 
into the city of (rettysburg and they followed 
Lee into ^^irginia, engaging on the second day 
in a skirmish. Lee moved his troops across 
the Potomac and the 123rd crossed the same 
river below Harper's Ferry and followed on to 
Catlett's Station, wliere they went into camp 
about July 18th. A few weeks after, the 11th 
and 12th Corps were consolidated, reconstructed 
as the 2Uth Ai'my Corjis under Major-( ieneral 
Hooker, and was ordered to Tennessee lo join 
the Army of the Cumberland. Mr. Stowe was 
first in camp, after joining the Army of 
the Cumberland, at Tantelon's Station and, 
a week later, went to Stevenson, Ala., after 
two weeks, going back to Elk River Bridge 
where he was in a skirmish with Quan- 
trell's guerrillas. They removed thence to 
Bridgejiort, Ala , where a detail, including him- 
self, was stationed to guard the construction of 
a railroad briilge and the regiment remained 
there in winter quarters until the organization 
of Sherman's army in the spring of 1864. He 
was connected with the Army of the Cumber- 
land in the battles of the Atlanta campaign 
and fought at Tunnell Hill, AUatoona Pass, 
Pumpkin Vine (!reek, Kenesaw Mountain, 
Resaca and Peach Tree Creek, where he was 
wounded Jul}^ 20, 1804. 

Hooker directed the division of Williams to 
cross Peach Tree Creek on the pontoon bridge 
and the lotli and 17th Corps were ordered to 
follow to their sup])ort. When about a mile 
and a half from tlieni, the two corps halted and 
threw out skirmish lines to the right and left 
and, the rebels seeing the situation of the 20th 



Corps, formed their lines in the shape of a 
horseshoe and swept down uj^on them with in- 
fantry and artillery fire. General Hooker was 
on the extreme right and dismounted. He 
saw the situation, sprang to his hor.-ie and 
shouted "give them h — 1 boys ; you shall have 
help in a few minutes." The charge lasted 
about 20 minutes and resulted in the repulse 
of the rebels, the 20th being reinforced. Mr. 
Stowe was wounded in bis right hand and 
right breast in the .second part of the action. 
He crept back to a small log house, fainted and 
was picked up by a comrade named William 
Brady; he remained two days and nights in 
the Held hospital and was removed to Chatta- 
nooga where he remained until Hood returned 
to Nashville, when he went to the hospital at 
that place and successively, to Louisville, Ky., 
and Jeffersonville, Lid. There he was fur- 
loughed and, on his route homeward, was in 
the hospital in the cit)' of Rochester a week. 
He arrived at Fort Edward in time to vote for 
President Lincoln. At the end of 19 days, he 
was taken sick and went to New York where 
he entered Central Park hospital, remaining 
until discharged. .January 20Lh. He lost two 
fingers of his right hand and the use of his 
wrist from the wound received in the l)attle of 
Peach Tree Creek. 

Mr. Stowe was married at Fort lOdward, De- 
cember 2, 1858, to Sarah A. Morris. She died 
September 26,Jls06, leaving a daughter named 
Helen M. Mr. Stowe was married July 3, 
18G9, to Eleanor King and they had three 
children — Jessie E., Vernon and Pearly J. Mr. 
Stowe was again married Jan. 8, 1887, at 
Friendship, Wis., to Abbie Lf>,pliam and their 
daughter is named Serena I. 



•-i»!^ -^»^^^ltf5«^-K^i^-H• 



:?<LHANAN W. BENNETT, Clinton- 
ville. Wis., a member of G. A. R. 
Post No. 32, at that place, was born 
March 31, 1823, in Rushford, Alle- 
gany Co., New York. He became a resident of 
WiscoiKsin in 1854, locating at Clintonville, 
where he enlisted c.s a recruit in the 3rd Wis- 
consin Infantry in August, 1864, enrolling in 
Company K for three years or during the re- 
mainder of the war. 




PERSONAL RECORDS. 



233 



He made connection with the regiment in 
Georgia after the evacuation at Atlanta and lie 
was engaged with the command in the work in 
which Sherman's army was occupied through- 
out the remainder of the war, destroying rail- 
roads, capturing rehel supplies and, in Decem- 
ber, in a sharp skirmish at I'ocotaligo, S. C He 
was in the historical marching accomplished 
by the command from Savannah and in the 
sharp skirmishing en route through the Caro- 
linas. At Fayetteville, N. C, he was in the 
advance skirmish line, which hotly engaged 
the rebels and, later, his command went into 
camp at Goldsboro after participating in the 
brigade movements at Averysboro and Benton- 
ville. During the entire period of his service, 
Mr. Bennett was in good liealth with a single 
exception, when he was in the hospital at 
Beaufort, S. C. He was in the closing scenes 
after the surrender of General Jolmston and re- 
ceived discharge at Louisville, Ky., July 28, 
1865. He returned to Clintonville and resumed 
his occupation as a farmer. 

OHN W. (JREEN, of Merrill, Wis., a 
member of Lincoln G. A. R. Post No. 
131, was born in Lawrenceport, St. Law- 
rence Co., Ind., Dec. 28, 1S5L (This 
sketch was written on the thirty-sixth anniver- 
sary, Dec. 28, 1887.) His parents, Daniel and 
Polly (Fiddler) Green, were natives of Ken- 
tucky, where their respective families belonged 
to the old stock in the Blue Grass State. They 
died when he was a lad of tender years and he 
was taken from his native State to Carroll 
county in Illinois by his aunt, Susan Chatley. 
He was a waif without friends, and lie was only 
ten years of age when the two factions of the 
country were engaged in Civil War. With 
nothing particular on his hands to interest him, 
he became inspired early with a desire to be- 
come a soldier and, on two occasions attempted 
to enlist, but was rejected on account of his 
youth. Before he wiis 13 he enrolled in the 
army of the United States. He enlisted at 
Shannon, 111., Oct. 17, 1864, in E Company, 
11th Illinois Cavalry for one year, and received 
honorable discharge at Springfield, 111., in 
November, 1865. He joined the regiment as a 
recruit at Memphis, Tenn., and was chiefly 
occupied in skirmish and scout duty until dis- 



charged. His command was under Sheridan 
in his movement from Memphis to Vicksburg, 
and he was in a heav}' skirmish at Egypt, and 
in another nt Franklin, whence the regiment 
returned by boat to Memphis. It is a matter 
of record that Sheridan was desirous of getting 
into Mexico at the end of the war to take a 
hand in the disestablishment of an empire 
there, and the men of the 11th Illinois were in 
a quandary as to what his intentions were, 
unless he wanted them all killed. 

Mr. Green returned to Carroll county after 
his release from military service and came to 
Wisconsin two years later. He located in 
Marathon county and engaged in the varied 
employments of the lumber business eleven 
years. March 26th, 1877, he went to Montana 
and engaged in freight transportation across 
the plains with ox-teams. From a teamster he 
rose to the position of a wagon-master which 
place he held for three years. He returned to 
Wisconsin and located at Merrill in the fall of 
1882. He embarked in the livery business and 
has a well-equipped establishment. The style 
of the business is " Keyser & Green." 

He was married March 24, 1885, to Minnie 
Lotsick, and their only child is named Myrtle. 
Elias Gi'een, a brother, was a soldier in the re- 
bellion from Indiana. He resides in Kansas. 
The parents of Mrs. Green are Germans. 

(JHN NICHOLAS KIEFER of Antigo, 
Wis., and a member of G. A. R. Post 
No. 78, was born Nov. 3, 1837 in Luxem- 
bourg, Holland. His father and mother, 
and Susanna (Sinner) Kiefer, were natives 
of Holland and the former was a weaver by 
trade. Thomas Kiefer, an uncle, was one of the 
soldiers of Napoleon for seven years and made 
the memorable march over the Alps to Moscow. 
Mr. Kiefer's parents came to America in Septem- 
ber, 1847, coming direct from the port of New 
York to Port Washington, Wisconsin, where the 
father engaged in farming. The son was 
brought up on tlie home farm and attended 
school until he was 15 years old. At that age 
he commenced the career of a clerk and also 
continued to study as he could. In the estab- 
lishment where he was employed, the local post- 
office was conducted and he acted as deputy 
postmaster for three years. Aug. 13, 1862, he 



234 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



enlisted in Companj^ H, 24th Wisconsin Infantry 
ut Port AVasliington for three years, and on tlio 
formation of the company was made Corporal, 
was promoted to Orderly Sergeant and 1st 
Lieutenant and was mustered out as Captain 
June 10, 18G5, at Nashville, Tenn. He passed 
the entire period without illne.ss or injury save 
slight wounds of unimportance. The regiment 
left the State in September and, soon after its 
history commenced, the remainder of the month 
and the first week in October being passed in 
heavy marching until the battle of Perry ville, its 
first regular engagement witb the rebels. From 
there, the command made a march of 300 miles, 
including that from Louisville to Perry ville, and 
they camped near Nashville until the last of 
December. At Stone River the splendid dis- 
cipline and spirit of the regiment made it 
famous and its dauntless courage was manifest 
during its exposure to the fierce firing from the 
rebels while passing through the Cedar Swamp 
under raking artillery and musketry fire. Chick- 
amauga was inscriljed on its banners in Sep- 
tember, 1863, Mission Ridge in November, Res- 
aca, Dallas, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree 
Creek, Atlanta, Franklin and Nashville followed. 
In the campaign wJiich succeeded the last- 
named battle, the regiment made a march of 
150 miles, "Through drenching rains and almost 
impassable roads". The residue of their time 
was passed in Eastern Tennessee, and when tlie 
soldiers returned to Wisconsin their reception 
manifested that the people of the Badger State 
had their representatives in mind through their 
connection with the civil war. 

After his return Mr. Kiefer was in the post- 
oflfice at Port Washington six months. He then 
assumed charge of a mercantile establishment 
at Amsterdam, operating in that capacity a 
year. In January, 1867, he commenced acting 
as shipping clerk on the docks at Port Wash- 
ington for the same firm and continued there 
until April, 1871, when, associated with Edward 
Blake, he embarked in a commercial enterprise 
at Port Washington. In September, 1875, he 
sold his interest to his partner and entered the 
employ of the Sheboygan Falls Wollen Mills 
company, residing meanwhile at Port Wash- 
hington, Wis., until 1881. During three years 
he clerked summers and taught school winters 
and came to Antigo, Oct. 1, 1884, where he has 
since conducted a successful commercial enter- 
prise. 

He was married July 12, 1865 to Walburga 



Greta of Milwaukee and they have five children 
named Mary S„ Ferdinand W., Ella L., Clara A. 
and Edwai'd N. Mrs. Kiefer was born in 
Vienna, Austria, and came to America in 1840. 



<^»t^ -^»^^^<5.^-^<5,^- 



TMT ENI 



RY AUGUST STRAUBEL, of 
Green Bay, Wis., was born May 11, 
' 841 , in Blandenburg, Prussia. He 
was five years old when he came to 
this country with his parents, Christian Fred- 
erick and Caroline (Lanka) Straul)cl, and settled 
at Green Bay, where his father followed his 
business as a black.smith, and the son received 
such education as the .schools of that period 
atibrded. He was still a boy when he learned 
the trade of wagon making in which he was 
engaged until 1877. Since that date he has 
been engaged in milling and is the senior mem- 
ber of the firm of Straubel & Ebling. Their 
establishment is one of the finest in the North- 
west, having a capacity of 2.')0 barrels of flour 
daily. They have an elevator and their mills 
are on the Fox River with a dock frontage of 
80 feet and a branch track of the M. & N. R. R. 
runs direct to their mills. 

October 7, LSIIl , Mr. Straubel enlisted in Com- 
pany H, 9th Wisconsin Infantry, at Green Bay, 
for three years. The regiment left the State 
January 2, 1862, under orders for Fort Leav- 
ensworth, Kansas. It was connected with the 
Indian expedition, and Mr. Straubel took pai"t 
in several successful skirmishes. He marched 
and skirmished with rebels and Indians and 
performed o:her varieties of duty in the capacity 
of wagon master. In the engagement at New- 
tonia. Mo., he was taken prisoner and spent 
three months in a personal examination of the 
South under rebel escort. He was paroled at 
Little Rock, Ark., and made connection with 
the Union forces at Helena, Ark. He went 
thence to Benton Barracks, St. Louis, and was 
discharged February 7, 1863, on account of 
disability caused by hernia. He returned to 
Green Bay and resumed connection with his 
former business. His cousin, Richard Feld- 
trapp, enlisted in the same company and was 
killed in action on the day Mr. Straubel was 
captured, September 30, 1862, at Newtonia, Mo. 

The latter was married November 17, 1870, 
to Minnie Aultmann, Of seven children born 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



235 




to tliem, only diaries and Arthur survives 
Mrs. Straubel was born in Misliicott, Wis., and 
her parents were natives of Sa.xony. Mr. 
Straubel is Alderman of the 2nd Ward of Green 
Bay (1888) and he was Poor Commissioner of 
Brown county three years. He was chief en- 
gineer of the tire department two years. 



»';^0<5<^«^**^-' 



I^IIOMAS UOCflE of Oshkosh, Wis., a 
I y member of Post No. 241 G. A. R., was 
' ' born May 17, 1842, in the parish of 
St. George, Canada East, as it was 
then designated. He was 22 years of age when 
he entered the naval .service of the United 
States. He enlisted Aug. 17, 18G4, as an able 
seaman, at Chicago and was enrolled as such 
on the Steamer "Syren," Captain Fitzpatrick. 
He was connected with the naval service until 
June, 1865, when he received honorable dis- 
charge on account of the termination of the 
war and he was mustered out at Mound City, 
111.; he was acting as second-class fireman at 
the time of his discharge. 

The equipments and necessary arrangements 
for service consumed several months and in 
February. 1865, the "Syren" received orders 
for Mobile Bay and to report to Admiral 
Thatcher for duty. The seamen were tired of 
inactivity and glad of u change, and in due 
time the steamer arrived at New Orleans and 
anchored off the navy-yard at Algiers. The 
Captain went in the gig to pay his respects to 
the Admiral on the " Richmond ", and the 
executive othcer, Thos. (4. Herron, gave eight 
men four hours leave ashore. Four of them 
deserted and the exasperated captain quaran- 
tined the entire crew. Three days were passed 
in putting ever}' thing in the best condition and 
work prevented disaffection. Several of the 
petty ofhcers had been in the habit of going 
ashore without leave, as their duties did not 
demand their attention in the night and they 
would report for duty at the proper time, and 
thus were not detected at first. Their accounts 
of the attractions ashore served to awaken a 
restlessness among those confined by the orders 
referred to, where desire to go ashore overcame 
their dread of their captain, and soon it was 
the rule for squads of men to leave quietly for 
land. At first they were careful, although it 



required some ingenuity to escape detection. 
When any among them belonged to the night 
duty, they were certain to be reported, and also 
some of them would return in a state of drunk- 
eness, when the whole number would be placed 
in irons. " Old Paddy ", as the captain was 
called by the men, was bent on stopping the 
surreptitious leaving of the men, and he com- 
menced calling all hands to muster at all pos- 
sible hours day and night. Those who failed 
to respond were reported as deserters, and one- 
third of their wages due, offered as bounty for 
their return on board. The provost guard soon 
began to luring them aboard by the boat-load, 
most of them in a helpless state of intoxication. 
All would instantly be placed in double irons. 
Mr. Roche had never been in the Crescent City, 
and had a great desire to go there. A rumor 
prevailed that the admiral was disgusted with 
the crew, and it was probable that the Syren 
would be ordered back home. Apparently, it 
was now or never, and he watched for a chance to 
carry out his wishes. The executive officer had 
promised some of the men who had conducted 
themselves in an orderly manner, to use his 
influence to secure for them a relaxation of the 
strictures. Finally, he succeeded in obtaining 
permission for eight to go, to be followed by 
eight others. Mr. Roche was not included in 
the first installment and as he firmly believed 
that several would return intoxicated or not 
return at the expiration of their leave, he 
determined to go on his own account. The 
2nd Assistant Engineer, a man universally re- 
spected and loved, promised to excuse him at 
muster, if he could get away and return with- 
out being caught. He prepared to leave at 
noon as that seemed the most feasible time. 
The Syren had hauled in towards shore and 
her stern lapped the bow of the gunboat Peri, 
which was lashed to an abandoned hulk. 
Mr. Roche reached the deck of the Peri un- 
noticed and made liis way to her afterguard 
where he encountered a sentry. He stated his 
case to him and was told to watch the officer 
of the deck and when his back was turned, to 
" skip." He was .soon afterwards on shore and 
joined the men already there. 

They had passes for four hours and with 
them he escaped detection. They were deter- 
mined to stay all night ashore and, as they 
were necessary to his safety, he was obliged 
to come to the same decision. New Orleans 
was the only place in the South in the possession 



236 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



of Union forces where there was no penalty for 
selling liquor to seamen. General Butler's or- 
der forbidden the sale of liquor to Union sol- 
diers or sailors under penalty, had offended Ad- 
miral Farragut, and he denied the jurisdiction 
of "Old Cockeye" over seamen. He therefore 
issued a counter proclamation to the citizens, 
stating that they might sell all the whiskey 
that seamen could buy and that he would pro- 
tect them in so doing. Until the war closed it 
was possiljle for sailors to obtain all they wanted. 
The sailors from the Syren were in high feather 
until about midnight, when a pilot came ashore 
with the intelligence that Admiral Thatcher 
had ordered the Syren up the river, and that 
he had stated with more force than elegance that 
he would not have such a "D" — crew in his 
fleet. He brought orders from Captain Fitz- 
patrick that the men must come aboard before 
morning. With three companions Mr. Roche 
attempted to return. All four were sober but 
tired, and when they had crawled down the 
levee they found their vessel had hauled off and 
lay alongside of a barge where a sentry was sta- 
tioned. They determined to feign intoxication 
to avoid going on duty. The plan was that the 
sentinel would halt them and the officer of the 
deck would pass them on board, and while the 
.sentinel on tiie barge was taking note of their 
drunken maneuvers, Mr. Roche was to rusli for 
the berth deck and take a chance of a shot from 
the sentry. 

The plan was an entire success and he stole 
so close to the sentinel, with his shoes in his 
hand, that he miglit have touched him. As he 
wheeled to challenge Mr. Roche, that individ- 
ual made a rush past him and dashed through 
one of the broadside ports to the gun deck and 
was fast asleep in his hammock before the offi- 
cer of the deck could get there. The next morn- 
ing the Syren started up the river for Memphis, 
with G5 men in irons. The Captain was furious 
and, after reprimanding the culprits, he re- 
leased them from irons and informed them that 
they would never get leave for shore again. A 
black list was posted on the gun deck and while 
Mr. Roche was examing it the following day, 
the executive officer tapped him on the shoulder 
and intimated that he ought to find his name 
there. The information was received with an 
appearance of innocence, but the officer asked 
him for an honest statement of the truth. He 
replied that he would tell Mr. Herron, but not 
the executive officer. The reply was " tell 



Mr. Herron and the executive officer would not 
know any thing about it." So the truth came 
out and Mr. Herron, the executive officer, 
laughed and said he deserved to escape after 
such risks and whetner "Old Paddy" suspected 
the facts in the case was never known to the 
chief actor in the affair. 



♦^=»S>--i>t^*^^.^«^*■«5.^-^ 



OB B. VAUGHN, of Wausau, Wis., and 
a member of G. A. R. Post No. 55, was 
born April 9, 1842, in Queensbury, War- 
ren Co., New York. His father, Wm. M. 
Vaughn, was born in the State of New York 
and married Betsy Bendelstone, a native of the 
Empire State, both being descended from fami- 
lies belonging to the early period of the settle- 
ment of the country. All the generations liv- 
ing at that period were represented in the War 
of the Revolution. When the Civil War broke 
out Mr. Vaughn was still almost a child but he 
determined to investigate the business of war 
for himself and he went in May, 1861, to Glens 
Falls and enlisted in the 118th New York In- 
fantry. As he had not fulfilled his minority 
his father interfered with his plans Init he ran 
away soon after and went to Utica, N. Y., where 
he enlisted in the 2nd New York Light Artil- 
lery, and went with the command into camp at 
Staten Island. Mr. Vaughn went into the hos- 
pital as soon as he arrived at Washington and 
thence back to the hospital at Staten Island. 
He had been injured by being thrown from his 
horse and was compelled to go on crutches and 
was discharged in October, 1861. Aug. 22, 
1862, he enlisted in Company D, 123rd New 
York Infantry for three years and was dis- 
charged June 8, 1865, at Washington under 
General Order. 

The regiment joined the forces of Colonel 
Miles at Harper's Ferry where Mr. Vaughn 
was made a Corporal previous to the sur- 
render and, later, received a commission signed 
by Lieut. -Colonel James C. Rogers, as Sergeant, 
dated Oct. 3, 1864, to rank from July 1st, and 
received his discharge as such. He was twice 
wounded. At Chancellorsville he was shot in 
the left thigh and at Burnt Hickory, Ga., he 
was injured on the right knee-pan. Neither 
was disabling, and he continued to remain with 
the regiment, acting for two years as Color Ser- 



Personal records. 



23? 



geant. After the disaster at Harper's Ferry, 
the 123rd New York was assigned to the Army 
of the Potomac and Mr. Vauglin was in the 
fights at South Mountain, Antietara, Freder- 
icksburg, Ghancehorsville, and Gettysl)urg. 
After the last batt.e he was attacked with 
chronic diarhea and was in the Fairfax Semin- 
ary hospital four weeks, when he rejoined his 
command and this was the only instance in 
which he wasabsent from his company. When 
the reorganization of the army took place the 
123rd was assigned to the 20th Corps and went 
to Chattanooga. 

He was in the fights at Resaca, Buzzard Roost, 
Tunnel Hill, at Rocky Face, Dallas, Peach Tree 
Creek and in the siege of Atlanta, and at Averys- 
boro and Bentonville, marching with Sherman 
to the sea. Among the incidents mentioned in 
his experience was detailed service in the Army 
of the Potomac, when himself and two others 
spent a week in the suppression of the sharp- 
shooter who was constantly annoj'ing the 
pickets. His brother, Carmi B. Vaughn, was an 
enlisted man in a Montana regiment. This 
brother had been in the West some time, going 
on the overland route to Colorado and thence 
to Montana. 

Mr. Vaughn accompanied him to Colorado, 
where he prospected for a time and returned 
to Wisconsin. He engaged as a clerk at Wau- 
paca in the interests of Frink tt Walker (stage- 
line proprietors) ibr 18 months, and was next 
in the employ of the Minnesota Stage Com- 
pany, six years, driving through the northwest, 
down tlirough the Red River country, and run- 
ning on a dog-train as a special messenger 
from Fort Abercrombie to Fort Geary in Brit- 
tish Columbia, before the construction of the 
Northern Pacific railway. This w'as a life of 
danger and hardship. He came in 1868 to 
Stevens' Point and took a position as clerk in 
the old Kalloch Hotel for one year, when he 
went to Negaunee, Mich., on the upper Penin- 
sula in October, remaining one year. He then 
went to Green Bay in the same capacity, in a 
hotel, and thence to Fort Howard and assumed 
charge of the Millard House. In the winter 
following, he went to Waupaca and thence to 
Wausau in 1872, engaging in the saloon and 
restaurant business. In the fall of 1875 he went 
to Montana to attend to the adjustment of his 
brother's business and in the summer of 1877 
he went to Helena, Montana. He returned to 




Wausau and has since conducted the same bus- 
iness as before. 

He was married Aug. 31, 1873, to Mary Marble 
at Fort Howard. Three children have been 
added to the family — Nelly lone, Bentley J. 
and Bessie May. Two were lost in infancy — 
Burleigh May and William M. Mrs Vaughn 
was born in Oneida county, New York, and 
her family was originally from Vermont. She 
had a brother, James C. Marble, in the service, 
who was wounded and is a resident in Iowa. 
She is the daughter of James H. Marble, and 
her mother, Eunice Perkins before marriage, 
was from New York and her ancestors were 
from Vermont. 

ENJAMIN B. JONES, Marinette, Wis., 
member of Post No. 207, was born 
Aug. 15, 1822, in Russell ville, Teun. 
He IS the son of Bob and Nancy 
Jones, who were both born in the same State, 
and were born and reared and gave existence 
to their children in slavery. In 1848 the 
mother and her twelve children were taken to 
Kentucky to remain three years until the ter- 
mination of a lawsuit, which was to determine 
their proper ownership. She and her children 
were next taken to Missouri where the worn and 
sorrowful woman sleeps in a final rest. Her 
children left her to fly for freedom in 1860. 
Two of her sons live at Marinette, who are all 
of the family whose whereabouts are known. 
Mr. Jones came North to Michigan after pass- 
ing over the Underground Railroad from Men- 
don in Missouri, two lirothers being there with 
him of whom he has lost all traces. He sup- 
poses they were sold into bondage, as it was the 
habit of desperadoes in the South to beguile the 
colored people into saloons, and after making 
them drunk to sell them to the negro traders 
for several hundred dollars each. This was 
done in (^uincy, 111., as there was opportunity 
to make money without fear of penalty of the 
law — it made no difference whether a l)lack 
man was bond or free; he was as good an 
article of merchandise whatever his condition, 
as he had no redress at the hands of the whites. 
Mr. Jones settled in the city of Detroit and, 
in the first year of the war was one of the col- 
ored people who were mobbed by an excited 
crowd of fanatics from Windsor, who had been 



238 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



persuaded that the influx of colored laborers 
from the South would destroy the chauces of 
the white laboring class. In November, 1862, 
he enlisted in ('orapanj' E, 102nd Micliigan In- 
fantry, enrolling at Grand Haven, whither he 
had gone after tlie riot. He received honorable 
discharge at Detroit in ISlio, after the close of 
the war. Mr. .lones was 42 3'ears old when he 
enlisted, and he accompanied the regiment to 
Maryland, whence the command went to Hil- 
ton Head, S. C, thence to Savannah and Atlanta, 
from there to Beaufort Island and performed 
garrison duty at Port Royal Ferry. He was 
next sent to John's Island, N. C. and fought at 
Honey Hill, (Nov. 24, 1864). He was in action 
at De'veaux Neck, (Dec. 6th to 9th, 1864) at 
Pocotaligo, S. C, (January, 1865), thence went 
to Tallaliatchie, Fla., to Magnolia and Jackson- 
ville, S. C, back to Beaufort Island, to Fenton- 
ville, to Columbia, S. C, to Waynesboro in the 
same State and, several days later, went to 
Charleston on garrison duty where the regiment 
was stationed when the war ended. They came 
thence to Detroit and were mustei'ed out Nov. 
29, 1865. In the battle of Honey Hill the re- 
giment was terribly cut to pieces, and the 
horses of the artillery were taken to the rear. 
In unlimbering in the heat of action, Mr. Jones 
was injured by a blow, causing a serious liernia. 
In the fight at Pocotaligo the regiment was 
again fearluUy decimated, the men being torn 
to fragments by the fire of grape and cannister 
to which the} were subjected, and the uniden- 
tified bodies were shoveled into trenches dug 
for the purpose. In the action at Fentonviile, 
the shot cut the limbs from the trees and 
slaughtered the soldiers, falling among them as 
though it had been hail. The scene was made 
more awful by the screams of women and chil- 
dren whicli added to the courage and inspira- 
tion with which the men fought. Mr. Jones 
was married July 15, 1888, to Emma Norton, 
who was born in Canada, and had for sometime 
been a resident of Ludington, Mich. He has 
been a resident of Marinette since 1885. 



ODNEY D. MALLORY, a farmer on 
section 13, Westfield township, Mar- 
quette county, Wis., was born at 
Springfield, Erie Co., Penn., Sept. 7, 
He is the son of Andrew and Margaret 




1832. 



(Cowan) Mallory. His father was an enlisted 
man in 1812, and served as wagon master with 
the rank of major in the New York militia. 
Mr. Mallory, the son, grew up in his native 
State and removed in 1859 to Adams county. 
Wis., removing thence to Marquette county in 
1874. He learned the trade of a harness 
maker at which he worked eight years. That 
employment not agreeing with him, he engaged 
in farming on account of ill health and has 
since been engaged successfully in agriculture, 
owning a farm of 150 acres. 

Jan. 11, 1862, he enlisted in Company D, 
19th Wisconsin Infantry at Lincoln for three 
years ; was promoted in April, 1862, to Cor- 
poral and in January, 1863, was promoted to 
5th Sergeant and received honorable discharge 
April 29, 1865, at Madison, his term of service 
having expired. The regiment was in rendez- 
vous at Racine and afterwards went to Camp 
Randall, Madison, where the command was 
employed several mouths in guarding the 
rebels captured at Fort Donelson and Island 
No. 10 and Mr. Mallory performed guard duty 
at that place until the prisoners were sent to 
Chicago. He went with his regiment in June 
to join the Army of the Potomac and then to 
Norfolk, where he performed provost duty until 
the spring of 1863. April 11th, he was with the 
detachment that moved to the rifle pits at the 
head of tide water and was occupied in that duty 
when the regiment was ordered to the siege of 
Suffolk. He went next to West Point and 
thence back to Yorktown, where he was taken 
sick with fever and was sent to the hospital at 
Hampton, remaining from August, 1863, until 
October, 1863, when he joined tlie regiment at 
Newbern, N. C. He performed military duty 
in North Carolina and in February was in the 
attack on Newbern. In the spring, while on 
picket duty he was expose<l to a severe storm and 
was attacked with pleurisy in consequence and 
was taken to the regimental hospital at New- 
bern, where he was sick with lung fever. In 
April he went to Yorktown with his regiment 
where he was examined by a board of surgeons 
and condemned as unfit for field duty. He 
was assigned to the hospital at Hampton and 
was soon after detailed by the Secretary of War 
as master of the prison ward of the hospital 
and served in that position three months, when 
he was assigned to the care of Union soldiers of 
whom he took charge until March, 1865, when 
he became ill and was only able to oversee the 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



239 



work in his ward and was in charge of 52 
wounded men, 13 of whom had lost a leg or an 
arm ; as assistants there were 16 men and one 
woman, detailed as nurses in the ward. March 
18, 1865, Mr. Mallory received orders to go to 
Madison to be mustered out. He received the 
following testimonial from E. McClellan, Ass't 
surgeon U. S. A. in cliarge, the head surgeon 
of the hospital at Fortress Monroe: — "This is to 
certify that I have known Rodnej' D. Mallory as 
ward master in this hospital for the past eight 
months, during which time I have found him 
intelligent in his duty, faithful to his trust, 
kind and attentive to his patients and entirely 
honest. Signed, John Moneypenny, A. C. S. 
U. A., Ward Surgeon." Mr. Mallory married 
Flora S. Lanphear, and their surviving children 
are named Marcus E., Clinton L., Clara F., 
Belle M. and Lynn A.; Rodney D., Maggie and 
Mabel are deceased. Mr. Mallory has served as 
Assessor and Treasurer in Adams county for 
several j'ears and served about five years in 
the former capacity in the town of Westfield. 

ENRY HARRISON TROWBRIDGE, 

a farmer of Dodge county, Wiscon- 
.sin, and a resident of Waupun, was 
born Sept. 16, 1840, at Bombay, 
Franklin Co., New York, receiving his name as 
a trophy of tiie Presidential campaign of that 
year. His parents, Samuel and Ann (Robinson) 
Trowbridge, were natives respectively of Shel- 
burn and Shorehani, Vermont. He is a des- 
cendant of sires who were originally from Eng- 
land. He was a little less than 21 years old 
when he became a soldier, enrolling Aug. 30, 
1861 in the three years service in Company G, 
1st Wisconsin Infantry, and enlisting under the 
name Hai-rison Trowbridge. He went to Camp 
Scott at Milwavikee and to Jefferson vi He, Ind., 
and Salt River where the regiment had a night 
drill which affords a deal of amusement to the 
ex-soldiers of this date, but was anything but 
amusing to the participants. The next move 
was to Bardstown, Ky., and Mr. Trowbridge 
fought in every action in which his command 
was involved, including a skirmish near Nash- 
ville, one at Rogersville, Perry ville. Stone River, 
Dug Gap and t'hickamauga, of which particulars 
may be found on numberless pages of tiiis 
work. Mr. Trowbridge was taken sick with 




typhoid fever previous to the removal of his 
regiment to whiter quarters at Nashville and 
Di'. Devendorff, the regimental surgeon, en- 
deavored to obtain a furlough for him, but it was 
ascertained that he could not get through and 
after partial recovery he was placed on hospital 
duty. 

This was distasteful and judging himself able 
to do duty with his regiment if he was fit for 
hospital service, in company with a strange sol- 
dier he stole away and got into a box car on a 
freight train. The car was loaded with two 
hogsheads of coal and a barrel of tar. The train 
was derailed 10 miles from Nashville and his 
companion was killed by being crushed by the 
hogsheads, both of which passed over his body 
which was rolled Hat like a piecrust under a 
rolling-pin. Mr. Trowbridge was uninjured. 
Before the command started for Columbia he 
was again ill and taken to hospital there and 
sent thence to Nashville. He recovered in time 
to participate in the foot-race with Bragg and 
was in the actions stated. At Perryville, the 
scarcity of water was so great that Mr. Trow- 
bridge and liis comrades drove the hogs from 
the mudholes and filtered the water to drink. 
Sept. 20, 1863, he was captured by the rebels in 
the second day's fight at Chickaniauga. 
He was taken successively toLibby audtoPem- 
bertuu tobacco factory and had a tolerably easy 
time at the latter, as the room was above a cellar 
wliei'e sweet potatoes were stored, which the 
captives fished up through holes cut in the floor 
and the}' were also able to steal sugar. Novem- 
ber 1st, he went to Danville where he was in 
prison No. 1. 

The cookhouse was just built and tiiree men 
were allowed there at a time. Once, the detail 
attempted to escape by climbing over the build- 
ing and jumping onto the arches between the 
cauldrons, of which there were tliree. One man 
fell into a mess of soup and was scalded to 
death. While there the small pox broke out 
and at one time there was a dead man who had 
died with it, on each side of Mr. Trowbridge. 
He suffered from cold, having no fire through 
the winter months. Clothes were received from 
the U. S. Government, but they were finally 
exchanged for food, as their rations were 
diminished on account of their being clothed. 
In March, 1864, Mi-. Trowbridge went to Ander- 
sonville, where he remained until October and 
suffered all the horrors which are already related 
on numberless pages of this work. (See sketch 



240 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



of W. H. Chilson.) Mr. Trowbridge relates 
that the Sisters of Charity tlirew bread to the 
famished prisoners and that tlie guards were 
doubled to prevent this. He was also a witness 
of the phenonenon of the Providence Spring. 
In October he was transferred to Charleston, 
where the prisoners remained a month on the 
fair ground, herded like cattle, going thence to 
Florence and from there Dec. 13, 18()4, on parole 
to an open cotton field, where many were chilled 
to death at night. The first night they built 
good fires as there was plenty of timber to be 
had, but were prevented doing so again. 
Another transfer was made to Charleston and 
they were taken on truce boats with the com- 
missioners of exchange to the Steamer "United 
States". Mr. Trowbridge was placed on the 
"North Star" and sent to Annapolis wliere he 
drew commutation money and arrearages of 
pay and received a 30-day furlough dated Feb. 
28, 1865. He lost his furlough papers and so 
lost considerable pay, as his discharge was dated 
Dec. 30, 18G4. He returned to his farm in Wis- 
consin. 

. When he was 12 years old his parents re- 
moved to Canton, St. Lawrence Co., New York, 
and in 1853 to .hxnesville. Wis. In 1855 they 
went to WaupuPi where he enlisted. His mother 
died Aug. 19, 1888, aged nearly 83 years. He 
received a common school education and at- 
tended the high school at Waupun. He took 
possession of his present farm in 1876. He was 
married April 25, 1875, to Martha A. Eager and 
they have four children named Henry L., Lydia 
Ann, Mabel J. and Bertha A. Mr. Trowl)ridge 
has been the incumbent of several local offices 
and is a prominent member of G. A. R. Post 
No. 136. 



•'-^f;>«i-;>t>^^«^5tf^<tf5<f-» 



"TC^ EWIS C. TALLMAN, of Menomonee, 
|pfc( Mich., a member of G. A. R. Post 
J|g%--^ No. 2()6, was born Feb. 14, 1848, in 
^ New York City. Abner J. Tallman, 
his father, was born in Rliode Island and be- 
longed to a Massachusetts family of patriotic 
connections, his grandfather, liaving been a 
soldier of the Revolution throughout its entire 
course. Andrew Tallman, son of the latter, 
was a soldier of 1812. The mother, Prussia 
Whipple, before marriage, was born in New 
York and was the grand-daughter of a patriot 



of Bunker Hill. Dexter Whipple, her father, 
was a soldier of 1812. Mr. Tallman was reared 
in his native city and received the advantages 
of the excellent schools of New York. He was 
13 when the civil war distracted the country 
which he had been properly taught was the 
greatest and best under the sun, and, as soon as 
he was 15, he enlisted as a recruit in Company 
A, Lst New York Cavalry (Lincoln) for three 
years of the war, enrolling at Elmira. He 
joined the regiment as soon as possible after 
enlistment and had his first taste of rebel pow- 
der in the battle of New Market, in the valley 
of the Shenandoah. The regiment was in 
the command of Sigel when he was placed 
over the Department of West Virginia and 
"Boyd's" cavalry was on .special duty in much 
of the work there, lie was in Averill's com- 
mand and with the brigade of Duffie, marcli- 
ing through Wyoming and Tazewell and in 
the advance to Wytheville. He was first in 
battle on the 15th of Ma}' and later participated 
in the skirmishes at Snicker's Gap, Bolivar 
Heights, Charleston Heights and at Martins- 
burg. 

A conspicuous service of the 1st New York 
Cavalry was the scout through Lui-ay ^'alle}' 
and the discovery that the rebels were in force 
at New Market. Sigel was relieved and the 
regiment assigned to the command of Hunter, 
his successor. The first activities under the 
latter are known to history as the Lynchburg 
campaign and Mr. Tallman was in the battle 
of Piedmont on the 5th of June and next at 
Staunton, the scene of one of the most effective 
operations of the war in West Virginia, de- 
struction of stores of every conceivable character 
being carried out in a manner entirely satisfac- 
tory to both sides. It was said that tobacco 
carpeted the streets and the route of the Union 
army was traced by the weed strewn in the 
highwaj's. Later a return of the force was 
made over the mountains. Mr. Tallman was 
also in the pursuit of Early in liis menace on 
Washington and was next at Winchester under 
Sheridan. He continued with that command 
throughout the active work of the remainder 
of the war, fighting at Cedar Creek and in the 
ojterations in the rear of Richmond, on the 
Weldon railroad. The course seemed one line 
of continuous battle under the intrepid cavalry 
commander and of the actions in which his 
troops participated, no adequate account has 
ever been or ever will be written, as the hard- 



\ 




(Bc^j^t. Jr. (M. ed^^d^. 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



241 



ships of cavalry are of a cliaracter that cannot 
be reported for obvious reasons. The work in 
which Mr. Tallnian was engaged inchided the 
destruction^ of the .James River Canal, and he 
was in the decisive and brilliant action known 
as Five Forks. He was in the pursuit of Lee 
and was among those who first reached the 
Danville Road, fought at Sailor's Creek, march- 
ed in the Grand Review after witnessing the 
collapse at Appomattox and received honorable 
discharge from military connection with the 
liistory of his country at Rochester, August 1st 
following. 

He returned to his native city and in 1863 
came to Wisconsin to engage in the business of 
a painter at Waukegan, operating there from 
i860 until 186!l,in which year became toMenom- 
onee, where he arrived September 20th. He 
first engaged in labor in the woods and later 
was associated with the survey of the route of 
the Chicago & North- Western railroad and af- 
terwards engaged in estimating values of pine 
lands in which business he has since been in- 
terested. May 10, 1877, he was married to 
Loui-sa Bouncher and their children are named 
George H., Cora A., William E , Abner J., 
Agnes G. and Earl Lewis. Mrs. Tallman was 
born in Wisconsin of French descent. 

Four of the brothers of Mr. Tallman were 
soldiers in the civil war. George starved and 
died in the stockade prison at Andersonville. 
Abner, captain in a New York regiment, was 
killed in the battle of the Wilderness. Allen 
died of disabilities incurred in the service and 
John still survives. 

ATHANIEL MARSH EDWARDS, 

of Appleton, Wis., was born July 5. 
1837, in Haverhill, Essex Co., Mass, 
His parents, John and Mary (Marsh) 
"~ " h lineage and descended 
from ancestral stock which became identified 
with the history of Massacbusetts and the 
colonies in 16o6 and were prominent in the 
settlement and prosperity of New England. 
His father was about 20 years of age when he 
became a soldier of the war of 1812. 

Captain Edwards was educated at the gram- 
mar and high school in his native town and, 
after completing his elementary education 
there, he was sent to the academy at New Lon- 




Edwards were of Engli 



don, New Hampshire, and afterwards entered 
Union College (New York), whence he was 
graduated as a Civil Engineer. He was a mem- 
ber of a local militia company at Haverhill, 
when the flag of the Nation was assaulted on 
the ramparts of Sumter in the barl)or of Cbar- 
leston. Imbued 'with the spirit of a son of 
Massachusetts and one who bore the mantle of 
a long lineage of progenitors, who bad sus- 
tained the founding of the Government, now in 
the tliroes of dissolution, he, with his comrades 
tendered their services to the State and were 
incorporated with the celebrated Massachusetts 
" 5th." 

Captain Edwards enrolled April 17, 1861, in 
D Company for three months. The first night 
passed from home after the assignment of his 
company he slept in old Faneuil Hall, " the 
Cradle "of Liberty." All along the route to 
Washington, the people thronged at the depot 
to witness the hitherto unknown spectacle of 
troops hastening to the defense of the Nation. 
It was Sunday, and pastors with their con- 
gregations, left their churches on the run to 
salute the train and wish the warriors God- 
speed. At every station, the people pressed 
upon them stores of food and supplies of every 
y)0ssible kind, seeming to look upon a soldier as 
a brother they were about to lose forever. 
From New York they were accompanied by 
the famous "7th" New York, but preceded 
them in arrival at the Capital. The regiment 
participated in the battle of Bull Run and lost 
heavily, but Captain Edwards was not in the 
action, having been taken ill at Alexandria 
and sent to camp hospital and he suffered suc- 
cessively with camp and typhoid fever, being 
attacked with the latter after his discharge, 
which he received July 31, 1861, at Boston, his 
term of service having expired. Nov. 8th fol- 
lowing, he re-enlisted in G Company, 1st New 
York Volunteer Engineer Corps for three years 
and was made 1th Sergeant and later Orderly 
Sergeant. This organization was created with- 
out authority of the War Department by the 
President. The act was sanctioned by Congress 
about a year later, pending which, the com- 
mand was without pay. On being regularly 
connected with the military service the corps 
received the emoluments of the Engineer Corps 
of the Regular Army and, after a time was 
distributed at different points in ^■irginia, 
South Carolina and Georgia. Governor Mor- 
gan of New York issued a commission to Cap- 



242 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



tain Edwards,- dated Dec. 5, 1862, as 2nd Lieu- 
tenant to date from October preceding. He 
was discharged Feb. 12, 1863, to enable him to 
accept tlie same. Governor Seymour issued a 
commission to him as 1st Lieutenant, to date 
from Feb. 24, 1864. .Jan. 12, 1865, he was 
commissioned Captain of Company D. The 
service to whicli lie was assigned, included the 
.siege of Sumter, Charleston and Fort Pulaski, 
and, during the campaign of the Wilderness, 
he was staff officer of Generals Gilmore and 
Butler, operating in the capacity of Topograph- 
ical Engineer. 

After the arrival of Grant at Bermuda Hun- 
dred Neck, he was transferred to the Depart- 
ment of the South and was assigned to the 
Coast Command that joined General Sherman 
on his arrival from the interior and was con- 
nected with the staff of General Hatch in com- 
mand of Company G. The detail operated on 
Sherman's right in the progress up the coast. 
Captain Edwards accompanied the command 
and was in the march of Sherman when pro- 
ceeding towards Columbia, S. C, and the Coast 
Command entered Charleston on its evacuation 
by the rebels Feb. 18, 1865. Captain Edwards 
was placed in command of the forts in the 
vicinity of Charleston and accomplished the 
changes necessary under the regime of Union 
Government, beginning the reconstruction of 
the railroad between the city and Columbia, 
which had been destroj'ed by Sherman in his 
progress. 

The line to Orangeburg was completed when 
the news of the fall of the confederate capital 
was brought by a vessel conveying Major-Gen- 
eral Anderson to celebrate the anniversary of 
the surrender of Sumter, by reinstating the flag 
of a reunited country over the battered and 
war-worn walls, which had carried the stain of 
rebellious insult for four entire years, now 
washed out by the blood of fratricidal foes. 
General Anderson's own hand run up to the 
ocean breeze, the Stars and Stripes and Henrj^ 
Ward Beecher and Theodore Tilton offered 
the oratory of the occasion. April 14, 1865, a 
new flag-staff was reared by Captain Edwards 
commanding the fort. The old one was shot 
away and he is the possessor of a splinter from 
it. The platform and arches wei'e decorated 
with quantities of roses from Charleston, the 
" City of Roses." As the banner of Union un- 
folded, every vessel in the harbor saluted the 



Union colors with one hundred guns. Captain 
Edwards was finally discharged, in accordance 
with special instructions from the War Depart- 
ment, June 5, 1865. 

.July 15th he was at Hilton Head, S. C. The 
collection of papers in his possesion will have 
a special interest to the historian of the future 
— the historian who shall do entire justice to 
the volunteer soldiers of the war of the rebel- 
lion. To him and his descendants they are 
and will be, precious mementoes of a career of 
honor and u.sefulness and a tribute to the 
abilities and bravery of a patriotic and gallant 
soldier. Following is a copy of an original 
order from General Gilmore : — " Headquarters 
Department of the South, in the field, Morris 
Island, S.C. Engineers' Office, Aug. 20, 1863:— 
Lieutenant Edwards, Sir: — Take the colored 
boy, Frank, go to the marsh Battery and get 
the exact bearing upon St. Michaels', known as 
the " Chimes Church ", in Charleston, as soon 
as possible. By order of General Gilmore. 
Ed. W. Serrell, Colonel and Assistant En- 
gineer." The rebels were shelling the swamp 
and the boy turned slate color witli terror, 
saying tremulously, " Golly, massa, I done can't 
go out dah ;" Captain Edwards performed 
the service, obtaining the bearing from the 
Battery from the accurate U. S. Coast Survey 
Map, the angle being deflected from one corner 
of Fort Sumter which was visib'e to the church. 
(This line was afterwards verified by a view of 
the spire from a sandhill on Morris Island.) 
The arrangements for placing the armament 
of one gun on the swamps between Morris 
Island and Charleston, preparatory to shelling 
the city were made by Captain Edwards. At 
the inception of this work Lieutenant Harrod 
had been detailed for the duty ol ascertaining 
the requirements necessary to place the "Swamp 
Angel", and had been assured that he should 
be supplied with every facility that he might 
demand. He made a hasty survey of an ap- 
parently, bottomless sea of mud and, with all 
gravity and decorum of official dignity, made a 
requisition for 25 men 18 feet long to wade in 
mud 15 feet deep. Colonel Serrell, di.sgusted 
with such levity in an emergenc}^, dispensed 
with the services of his lieutenant. Captain 
Edwards had charge on the ground, of the work 
in building this battery, which was done only 
in darkness and it consisted of grillage of long, 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



243 



straight pines laid on a painted canvass carpet, 
placed on the mud surface, with about 17,000 
sacks of sand piled above each other, forming 
the parapet. Fourteen nights were occu- 
pied in its construction. Much of the time, 
the dctiiil was under tire from the rel)el 
batteries. The very large Piiri'ott rifled gun 
was i)laced upon a seperate foundation of 
piling to avoid, as much as possible, the .shak- 
ing and sinking of the fort. The "Swamp 
Angel" was first fired about one o'clock at night, 
and the shell passed within a block of the his- 
toric church, a distance of five miles. (Mrs. 
Dr. E. Stansbury, the authoress of "How Ilt^ 
Saved St. Michaels," is a resident of Appleton. 
The church was destroyed by an earthquake 
this current year — 1887). Lieutenant Colonel 
Hall, in his official report to General Terry 
makes mention of the gallantry and efficiency 
of "Sergeant Pxlwards" in efi'ecting the repair 
of the bridge at Frampton, S. C, while under 
heavy fire which is an item of interest to this 
account. The following copy of another paper 
in the possession of Cajrtain Edwards will be of 
interest : "Treasury Department, C. S. A. Rich- 
mond, July 13, 1863. B. C. Pressley, Esq., Sir: 
Your letter as AssistantTreasurer of 2nd ultimo 
was received ; in answer to your inquiry as to 
counterfeit notes I would respectfully ask your 
attention to the enclosed regulations which give 
the information desired. Respectfully, C. C. 
Meminger, Sec. of Treas." Also, there is, 
among the papers referred to a report of a rebel 
orderly sergeant of Sept. 3, 1863, one of the 
days of the heavy bombardment, detailing the 
number of casualties at Battery Wagner with a 
list of killed and wounded. He still preserves 
the special letters and orders (jf General Bran- 
nan and General Gilmore, and in the official re- 
ports of these officers to Edwin M. Stanton, 
Secretary of War, frequent mention is made of 
the efficiency of Captain Edward.s, printed with 
the date of November 16, 1864. General Gil- 
more prepared a volume foi publication for 
which Captain Edwards drew the maps and 
plans, showing the siege operations against 
Forts Sumter and Wagner, with representa- 
tions of the sai)ping and mining implements 
used. It is a work of 350 pages, and is a de- 
tailed statement of the operations of General 
Gilmore. Captain Edwards made maps for 
Generals Gilmore and Butler, of the situation 



about Richmond, showing some of its fortifica- 
tions, and the same of Bermuda Hundred, Pe- 
tersburg and other places. 

After the war Captain Edwards engaged in 
i]u' ])ractice of his profession in Massachusetts 
and Connecticut. Li 1866 he came to .Vpple- 
ton to take charge of the iin[)roveinents on the 
Fox and Wisconsin Rivers, and discharged the 
duties of the position 10 years. He has since 
been more {)articularly engaged in the business 
of a hydraulic engineer. His marriage to 
Laura M. Whittlesey occuni'il .June 8, 1868. 
Nathaniel S., their only child, died at the age of 
four. The wife and mother died June 10, 1869. 
Captain Edwards was married to Han-iet Storv 
l^alJard, May 12, 1874, at Appleton, Wis. The 
history of the career of Captain Edwards, told 
in brief, to .suit the scope and purpo.se of this 
work, sufficiently delineates his character as a 
man, a patriot, a soldier and a citizen. The 
manner in which he sustained the prestige of 
his family honor and the faithfulness with 
which he discharged all duty eiitiaisted to him, 
is all the tribute he can re(]uire. His j)ortrait 
appears on page 240, and is copied from a 
photograph taken in 1888. 



■»-i>t^-i>t>^^><!*C^<5<?- 



^^^ AMU EL SMITH, a farmer on section 
^^^ 2(), in the township of Suainico, Brown 
^^Q) Co., Wis., was born Oct. 24, 1829, in 
Calais, Washington Co., Maine, where 
his parents, William and Jane (Boyd) Smith 
were born and married. Mr. Smith was brought 
up on his father's farm and had become a man 
of family when the war broke out. He enlisted 
Aug. 14, 1861, in the town where he was born 
in Company E, 6th Maine Infantry, for three 
years. In December, 1862, he was promoted 
from the ranks to 1st Duty Sergeant, and he 
received honorable discharge January 1, 1864, 
at Finley hospital, Washington, on surgeon's 
certificate of disability. 

His regiment was assigned to the Army of 
Virginia, and he was first in action at the bat- 
tle of Williamsburg and went thence to tlie 
Peninsula and the Swamps of the Chickahom- 
iny. In the battle of Williamsburg, the 6th 
Maine and the ."jth Wisconsin led the column of 



244 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



assault under Custer and the bravery of these 
two regiments at WilHamsburg, received special 
mention for conspicuous bravery. Mr. Smith 
went next to the fight at Golden's farm, and 
was under fire at Savage Station and fought at 
Fair Oaks and Malvern Hill, South Mountain, 
Antietam and in the first and second battles of 
Fredericksburg, and went into the charge on 
May 3rd with the " Light Division " on Marye's 
Heights, conducted by Colonel Allen (see 
sketch) and Mr. Smith was among the wounded 
in that famous action. Five days elapsed be- 
fore he was taken to the hospital and he was an 
inmate of various hospitals from May 8, 1863, 
to Jan. 1, 1864, when he was discharged and 
returned to Maine. While his regiment was 
stationed at Falmouth and Itelle Plain Landing, 
he was detailed with a squad of 10 men to 
guard a bridge over the Rappahannock when 
150 rebels made their appearance and captured 
the detail. The prisoners were placed in a log 
house and when the rebels attempted a removal 
in the night, Mr. Smith and a comrade named 
McCann attempted to escape. They started to 
run and the latter was shot, while Mr. Smith 
reached the Union lines in safety. 

In 1868, he went from Maine to Wisconsin, 
and located at Oshkosh, and in 1869 removed 
to the farm he has since occupied. He mar- 
ried Sarah Forsyth, and their surviving chil- 
dren are named Alice, Samuel A., William J. 
and Nancj'. 



HEIDENWERTH, a resident 
of Peshtigo, Wis., was born June 3, 
1838, in Germany, His parents, 
John and Sophie (Snuckle) Heiden- 
werth, were natives of the old country and there 
passed their entire lives. The father is still liv- 
ing, aged 90 years. Mr. Heidenwerth was 20 
years old when he came to America and he 
made his first location in the State of New York. 
In 1860 he removed to Peshtigo where he has 
since resided and has undergone all the vicissi- 
tudes which the very name of Peshtigo suggests. 
He is the owner of a fine farm, located on sec- 
tion 22, of Town 30, North, Range 22, East. 

Oct. 15, 1861, he enlisted in Company F, 12th 
Wisconsin Infantry at Peshtigo for three years 
and was promoted to Corporal in 1864, having 
been discharged in March, 1863, at Hebron, 




Miss., in order to enable him to enlist as a vet- 
eran in the same command. He accompanied 
the regiment throughout its marches (heavier 
than any other Wisconsin regiment endured) 
and fought in many battles and skirmishes. He 
passed a single day in the hospital when ill with 
measles. Company F was called "River Sack- 
ers" on account of the previous occupation of 
many of its members and left the State with the 
regiment, going to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. 
During the first year the command performed 
its interminable marching under orders. In 
1863 they took position in front of Vicksburg. 
They were in the siege there and fought in the 
second battle at Jackson. They passed through 
the experiences at Harrisonburg, La., went 
thence to Natchez, and Vicksburg, Big Black 
River, A'icksburg again and also Natchez and 
back to Vicksburg, and then on the Meridian ex- 
pedition. They fought at Bolton and later 
joined the command of Sherman on the march 
to the sea. Mr. H. fought at Kenesaw Moun- 
tain in the several fights under that name, at 
Bald Hill where the command covered itself 
with honor, at Atlanta and Jonesboro. He was 
in the defense of Chattanooga, fought at Poco- 
taligo, and Orangeburg and he was present at 
the termination of activities at Bentonville. 
Thence he went to take part in the action of the 
closing scenes at Washington and returned to 
Louisville, Ky., to be discharged from the ser- 
vice. 

Mr. Heidenwerth married Eliza Bateman and 
their children are Carrie, Christ and Sophia. 



■'-i>*^■>-■S>t^^^•^^^^-^<^'£-^ 



AMES W. KNAPP, of Wood Township, 
Wood Co., Wis., and formerly a soldier 
of the civil war, was born Nov. 17, 1844, 
in Canada, Province of Ontario. He is 
the son of Nelson and Martha (Edmonds) 
Knapp, and his grandfathers Knapp and Ed- 
monds were soldiers of the war of the Revolu- 
tion. His grandmother Edmonds was in a 
location which was visited by the marauders of 
the British army and her house was burned 
while her husband was in the Continental 
army. In 1858 Mr. Knapp removed from the 
Dominion to the United States and located in 
Juneau county. Wis. From there he removed 
to his present location on sections 28 and 32, 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



245 



Town 23, North, Range 3, East. In addition to 
the calling of a farmer he has operated as a 
surveyor. 

He enlisted .July 16, 1861, in Company K, 
6th Wi.sconsin Infantry for three years at 
Mansion in Juneau county. In 1864 he was 
promoted to Corporal and received honorable 
discharge July 14, 1865, at Jeffersonville, Ind. 
Mr. Knapp was a member of the " Iron Brig- 
ade " and was connected with its history from 
first to last. He saw all its varied service and 
brouglit home the scars of a veteran. He was 
a participant in the earlier skirmishes and the 
battle of Bull Run. He afterwards inscribed 
on his roll of honor tiie names of Gainesville, 
Manassas, South Mountain, Antietam, Freder- 
icksburg, Fitzhugh's Crossing, Marye's Heights, 
Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Mine Run, Wil- 
derness, Laurel Hill, Spotsylvania, North Anna, 
Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Weldon Railroad, 
Hatcher's Run, (1st and 2nd) Gravelly Run, 
Five Forks and Appomattox. Mr. Knapp re- 
ceived a wound at Cold Harbor and was taken 
to the field hospital at White House Landing. 
He was sick after Appomattox and passed a 
short time in the hospital on one occasion. 

He was married July 11th, 1869, to Bernice 
Smith. Their children surviving are named 
Percy, Guy Delos, Martha, Rut) i, Pearl, Thomas 
William, Ella, Grace and Anna. One is de- 
ceased. Three brothers-in-law of Mr. Knapp 
were soldiers in the civil war. He has officiated 
as Assessor of Wood Township two terms and 
as Supervisor for the same length of time. He 
is also a member of G. A. R. Post No. 73, J. S. 
Alban at Pittsville. 

OODMAN AMANDSON, a resident 
^ of lola. Wis., belonging to G. A. R. 
Post No. 99, was born in Norway, 
December 22, 1833. His parents, 
. Amand and Betsey (Goodmanson) Oleson, came 
to America in 1849, and came directly to Wis- 
consin, locating in Waukesha county in 1852 ; 
the son located in Waupaca county and was a 
resident of the town of Scandinavia until he 
became a soldier and where he engaged in the 
business of a blacksmith. 

He enlisted August 12, 1862, in Company G, 
21st Wisconsin Infantry at Waupaca for three 
years. He accompanied the regiment from 




Wisconsin to the front, and the command after 
leaving Louisville, went to the interior of Ken- 
tucky, where Mr. Amandson was ill Irom his re- 
cent exposure and before the battle went to 
the rear with the wagon train. He was after- 
wards in all the exposure preceding the battle 
of Stone River, and was with his command 
when attacked by the cavalry under Wheeler. 
He remained at Murfreesboro until June and 
was in the skirmish at Hoover's Gap, after- 
wards chasing the rebels to the Tennessee River. 
He was in the action at Dug Gap and after- 
wards in the battle of Chickamauga, and he 
passed the winter on Lookout Mountain. He 
went with the command in the spring to the 
Atlanta campaign and was in the battle at 
Re.saca. He was in the action at Big Shanty, 
Kenesaw Mountain and Marietta, and fought at 
Peach Tree Creek and, August 8th, in the siege 
of Atlanta, received a wound in the breast. 
He was disabled only a few days and rejoined 
his command, which he accompanied in the 
march to the sea and participated in all the va- 
ried service which characterized that movement. 
He was in the various skirmishes at Savannah 
and near the sea, in which his regiment was 
engaged, and fought in the last battle of Ben- 
tonville. He went afterwards to the Grand Re- 
view at Washington and was sent to Milwau- 
kee, where he was discharged June 18, 1865. 
He returned after the war to Waupaca county 
and has since been a resident of Portage and 
Winnebago counties. In 1885 he located at 
Iola,where he is engaged in blacksmithing. He 
was married Nov. 4, 1869, to Christiana Her- 
mannson, of Scandniavia, and their children 
are named Augusta C, Agnes E., Hilda G., 
Hermina B., Lillian R., Edna and Henrietta G. 
The latter died Oct. 6, 1886. 

RAINARD TAYLOR WORTHING- 

TON, Ccntralia, Wis., and belonging 
to G. A. R. Post No. 22, was born 
Jan. 23, 1838, in Peru, Berkshire 
Co., Massachusetts. He is the son of David and 
Mary (Cushman) Worthington, Ijoth of whom 
were born in the old Bay State. Both were 
representatives of Massachusetts families who 
were prominent in the early history of the 
State. The son was 14 years old when he be- 
came a resident of Centralia, whither he Came 




246 



SOLDIERS ALBUM OF 



with his broUier, Ralph Cushraan Worthington. 
He had been previously a student in the com- 
mon schools and at Hinsdale Academy in his 
native county, and after arrival in Wisconsin, 
he again attended school at Centralia. After a 
winter passed in study, he obtained an oppor- 
tunity to learn the business of a carpenter and 
joiner, in which trade he was occupied until he 
enlisted. May 18, 1861, he enrolled in Com- 
pany D, oth Wisconsin Infantry, at Centralia, 
for three vears. He received honorable dis- 
charge July 25, 1864, at Baltimore, Md. The 
regiment was in rendezvous at Camp Randall, 
Madison, and Mr. Worthington went to Balti- 
more to camp. The organization was assigned 
to the l)rigade of Gen. Rufus King of Wiscon- 
sin (see sketch) and, a few months later, was re- 
assigned to the command of General Hancock. 
He was in the skirmish at Young's Point and in 
the charge at Lee's Mills. He was in the pur- 
suit of the rebels to Williamsburg, and took 
part in the only battle in which McClellan 
recognized, as did Napoleon, the services of a 
particular regiment. (See sketch of John Ley- 
kom.) Up to five in the afternoon of May 5, 
1862, Hooker had been engaged with Magruder 
in the fort of that name and at the hour men- 
tioned, the rebel force came down upon the 
brigade of Hancock in reserve. Companies D 
and I were on the skirmish line and were 
ordered in by the commander. The brigade 
made a charge and drove the rebels, which ter- 
minated the action at Williamsburg. On tlie 
skirmish line Mr. Worthington was woun- 
ded ]:)y a round musket ball. (The old fash- 
ioned cartridge of the Revolution — consisting 
of a round ball and three buck-shot.) This 
missile remained in his left thigh 25 years. In 
the spring of 188") it was cut out, without bene- 
fiting him, however, as it had been there too 
long and his entire nervous system is perma- 
nently affected, the sciatic nerve being diseased. 
He was sent from the field hospital to Fortress 
Monroe, where he remained a week, and thence 
to Camden Street hospital at Baltimore, where 
he remained until he received his final dis- 
charge. He returned to Centralia and, soon 
after, went to the oil regions of Pennsylvania 
and engaged in drilling wells for a time, and, 
returning to Grand Rapids in the spring of 
1878, he went to Colorado and remained two 
years, returning in the spring of 1880 to Cen- 
tralia, proceeding later in the same season to 
Fargo, Dak., and came back to Wisconsin in 




the following fall. He repeated the trip the 
following year in the same manner and then 
located permanently at Centralia and is jnirsu- 
ing his liusiness as a builder in which be has 
been prominent in Grand Rapids and Centra- 
lia. He is the Commander of Post 22 and has 
held the positions of Officer of the Day and Sen- 
ior Yice-Commander. He was Aid on the Staff 
of General Lucius Fairchild, Grand Comman- 
der of the Department of Wisconsin in 1887. 
He has served as Under-Sheriff of Wood county 
one year. He was married to Mary E. White 
of (lien's Falls, Warren Co., New York, Dec. 
14, 1868; they have buried a son, Henry Cush- 
man, who died at Colorado Springs of conges- 
tion, aged ten and a half years, and was 
brought to Grand Rapids for interment. 

ARREN W. GOFF, M. D.,a prom- 
inent physician at Stevens Point, 
Wis , and a member of G. A. R. Post 
No. 156, was born Oct. 28, 1827, 
in Towanda, Bradford Co., Pa., and is the son 
of William land Ellen (Fox) Goff. The father 
was of English lineage and his ancestors were 
settlers of Connecticut. He removed to Brad- 
ford county in an early period of its history and 
afterwards to Canton. He spent his life in 
agrit'ultural pursuits, and died when about 85 
years old. Pliillip Fox, the maternal grand- 
father of Dr. Goff, was the first white settler in 
Bradford county, and bought his first acreage of 
the Indians at a place which was known after- 
wards as Fox Flats, where his daughter Ellen 
was born, and she was married to Mr. Goff in 
the same county. They became the parents of 
eight children named Christiana F., William 
M., Harry G., James, Hiram M., George J. and 
Warren W. Dr. Goff is the youngest, and be- 
sides him there are but two survivors — the two 
brothers who are his immediate seniors in birth 
and who are still residents in their native coun- 
ty of Bradford. Dr. Goff was a pupil in the 
common schools in his early life, and when 
he reached the age of manhood and made 
choice of a professional life, he went to 
Philadelphia and studied medicine in the 
most prominent medical educational insti- 
tution in the country, and was graduated 
from it after he had fiilfilled his duty as a 
patriotic citizen in the rebellion. August 8, 



PERSONAL RECORDS. 



i: 



47 



1862, lie enlisted in Company C, 141st Pennsyl- 
vania Infantry at Monroeton, in his native 
county. The regiment was organized at Har- 
risburg and moved thence to Washington, and 
was iissigned to the Array of Virginia, and Dr. 
Goff tirst encountered the exigencies of civil 
war on the field of Manassas in the second bat- 
tle of Bull Run. The regiment returned to Ar- 
lington Heights and during the fight at Antie- 
tam in October, was stationed to guard the road 
leading from Harper's Ferry, and after that ac- 
tion went til Falmouth, reaching that place No- 
vember I9th. He was in the aciion at Freder- 
icksburg and afterwards remained at Falmouth 
until the spring of 1863, and when Lee com- 
menced his invasion the regiment was ordered 
to Gettysburg where it arrived on the first day 
of the fight, and went into action on the 2nd day 
of July. During tliat day a series of batteries 
were captured by the rebels, and they were re- 
taken by the 141st Pennsylvania, the guns 
being brought off the field by hand. Later in 
the day. Dr. Golf received an explosive ball in 
the right thigli and, after remaining a few days 
in the field hospital, was conveyed with other 
wounded to Baltimore, where the ball was ex- 
tracted August 13th, by Surgeon Freeman of 
Washington. After he became convalescent, 
and during the attempted raid on Washington, 
he went witli a detachment of eonvak'scent sol- 
diers to meet and repulse advancing rel)els, and 
afterwards went to Chestnut Hill hospital, his 
wound, having been greatly aggravated 
by the enforced use of the limb. A short 
time afterwards he went to the General 
Auger hospital, not far from Alexandria, 
and soon after obtained permission to rejoin 
his companj% where a commission as Lieu- 
tenant awaited him. He was examined by 
the regimental surgeon and remanded to the 
to the hospital at Alexandria, where he ofi&ciated 
as a division officer and remained until he re- 
ceived his discharge July 14, 1865. He re- 
turned to his former home, and a short time 
afterwards resumed his medical studies at Phila- 
delphia and was graduated in 1868, from Hahh- 
namann Medical College. He came to Wiscon- 
sin and located at Marinette, and established 
his business as a medical practitioner and pur- 
sued his avocation there five years. He re- 
moved thence to Green Bay where he was en- 
gaged in practice until his removal to Stevens 
Point in 1864. On his arrival at that place he 
entered upon his business as a physician, and 



his skill in medicine, combined with his char- 
acter as a man, has established his reputation in 
both respects beyond cavil. 

Dr. Goff was married to Roxy, daughter of 
Sylvester and Peggy (Boyse) White. Mrs. Gotf 
was born in Tompkins county. New York, 
Augu.st 3, 1830. Her fsither was of Scotch de- 
scent and was a deacon of the Baptist Church 
60 years before his death. He died at 98 in 
Coloma where he came to reside with his son 
after the death of his wife. Dr. and Mrs. Gott" 
have two daughters. Mrs. Ida May Pipe has 
two children — Mabel E. and Warren VV. Gracie 
L. was born in Green Bay. She is a student at 
school, and both daughters live with their 
parents. 

It is not necessary for the biographer to add 
an elaborate qualification of the character of 
Dr. Goff. He is a man, of whom a straightfor- 
ward account of his career in peace and rebell- 
ion, suffices as a testimonial of the highest 
character. 



APTAIN JOSEPH H. MARSTON, a 

resident of Appleton, Wis., was born 
in Rockingham Co., New Hampshire, 
June 1st, I82y. In 1843 he came to 
Wisconsin with his parents. He was one of the 
first to enlist for the war and on the 10th day 
of May, 1861, he was commissioned 2nd Lieu- 
tenant of Company E, 6th Wisconsin Infantry. 
Sep. 18tli following he was commissioned 1st 
Lieutenant of the same company and on the 
same date in 1862 he was commissioned Captain 
ot Company E. March 19, 1864, he was dis- 
charged at Culpepper, Va., on account of disa- 
bility. His service was with the Army of the 
Potomac, his regiment being assigned to the 
command of (General McDowell and was at Fred- 
ericks!:)urg, \'a., during the summer of 1861 or 
through the Peninsular campaign, and he was 
not in any action of note until August, 1862. 
He was a participant in the battles of Cedar 
Mountain and Rappahannock Station in Pope's 
Retreat. He fought at South Mountain Sep. 
14, at Antietam Sep. 16th and 17th with the 
command of General McClellan and was in the 
action at Fitz Hugh's Crossing, April 29th, 1853. 
May 3rd and 4th he was with the command of 
Hooker at Chancellorsville and he was in the 
subsequent movements in the transfer of the 




248 



SOLDIERS' ALBUM OF 



Army of the Potomac while Lee was pushing 
toward Pennsylvania. The last battle in which 
Captain Marston participated was Gettysburg. 
July 1st, 1S()3, the 6th Wisconsin formed a part 
of that celebrated command known after tlie batr 
tie of South Mountain as the "Iron Brigade of 
the West," having been so named by General 
McClellan. 

At the battle of South Mountain, Captain Mar- 
ston was wounded in the head by a spent ball 
and was reported in the Chicago papers as killed. 
Hon. P. H. Smith, \'ice-Prcs., C. & N. W. R. R., 
sent the following telegram: "Chicago, Sep. 20, 
1862, Col. Lucius Fairchild, care Gen. McClel- 
lan. Have the body of Lieut. J. H. Marston of 
the 6th Wisconsin Regt. put in metallic case and 
forwarded by American Express to me at Chi- 
cago. Charges collect here. P. H. Smith." 
(A copy of the original despatch was shown the 
editor.) At the battle of Antietam, Captain Mar- 
ston was wounded by a gun shot wound in the 
left leg. At the battle of Gettysburg, his ankle 
was badly sprained by the bursting of a shell 
that exploded in the ground near him. He was 
a prisoner in the rebel lines from the night of 
July 1st until the morning of the 4th, when he 
made his escape and came into the Union lines. 
During the same battle the (itli Wisconsin was 
detached from the brigade at the request of Gen- 
eral Custer, to prevent a Hank attack on his 
force. The 6th moved to the right ol)lique 
across a field where they encountered the 2nd 
Mississippi Regiment, and without support on 
either side, they fought for about an hour for 
the right to the field and the flag. Suddenly, 
as though tlie ground had opened to receive 
them the 2nd Mi.ssissippi occupied a railroad 
cut running parallel with their line and from its 
shelter, they poured their volleys into the ranks 
of the 6th, which, under orders from the Captain 
commanding. Collars, charged and the Missis- 
sippi regiment was ours, not a man escaping. 
About 400 men were engaged on eacli side and 
the 6th lost about 225 in killed and wounded. 
The 2nd Mississippi lost 231, killed and 
wounded. (It is thought that history nowhere 
gives an account of a similar engagement in 
which two regiments met and without support, 
fought until one surrendered to the other.) 

Captain Marston is the senior member of the 
firm of Marston & Beveridge at Appleton, and 
his two sons are also his business associates. 
He has been twice